American Falls Press
AMERICAN FALLS, POWER COUNTY, IDAHO, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, U»1S.
GERMANY IN HANDS OF REVOLUTIONISTS
WHO DETHRONE ALL KINGS AND PRINCES
People Arise in Revolt, Stop All Industry By Strikes, Seize the Reins of
Government and Set Up a Number of Small Republics---Some Fight
ing at Berlin and Kiel, But Bloodshed Is Generally Avoided—Herr
Egbert, Social-Democratic Leader, Is Chief Factor in Berlin.
All Germany is in the hands of revolutionists, according to dispatches from Co-,
penhagen and Amsterdam. There is said to have been comparatively little bloodshed in a.
the transfer of power. There was some fighting in Berlin and some at Kiel, but resis
tance was comparatively slight.. Government is administered by soldiers and work
ingmen's councils pending the formation of a more stable government.
Delayed dispatches state that in the course of the forenoon Saturday the forma
tion of a new government was initiated. The greater part of the Berlin garrison and
other troops stationed there temporarily went over to the new government.
The leaders of the deputations of the Social Democratic party declared they
would not shoot against the people. They said they would, in accord with the people's
government, intercede in favor of the maintenance of order. Thereupon, in the offi
and public buildings the guards which had been stationed there were withdrawn.
The business of the imperial chancellor is being carried on by the Social Dem- !
ocratic deputy, Herr Ëhen. It is presumed that apart from the representatives of the
recent majoritv group three independent Social Democrats will enter the future gov
ernment. Strikes in all industries hastened the collapse of the emptt'ß*— — • __
Serious food difficulties are expected in Germany due to the stoppage of
The council of the regency will take the most drastic steps to reestablish order.
The Rennish Westphalian Zeitung, says an Amsterdam dispatch, announces that
Eutin, the capital of the pricipality of Luebech, is in the hands of the soldiers' council.
Many persons, both civil and military, have been shot.
Railway stations in the entire industrial section of Germany from Dortmund
to Duisburg have been occupied by the soldiers councils. There were no disorders. Es
sen, where the great Krupp steel works are situated, is reported to have fallen to the
workingmen among the first places. Lieutenant Krupp von Gohlen und Halbach the
head of the Krupp works, and his wife, were arrested. A republic has been proclaimed
in Poland under the presidency of Deputy Daszynski.
KAISER SHIVERS WHEN ABDICATION
PAPER IS PRESENTED FOR SIGNATURE.
Emperor William signed a letter of abdication Satur
day morning at German grand headquarters in the pres
ence of Crown Prince Frederick William and Field Mar
shal Hindenburg, according to a dispatch from Amsterdam
The German crown prince signed his renunciation to
the throne shortly afterward. It is reported that King
Ludwig of Bavaria and King Frederick August of Sax
ony have also abdicated..
The ex-kaiser and the crown prince were expected to
take leave of their troops Saturday.
Before placing his signature to the document an.ur
gent message from Philip Schiedemann, who was a Social
ist member of the imperial cabinet without portfolio, was
handed to the emperor. He read it with a shiver. Then
he signed the paper, saying:
"It may be for the good of Germany."
THE GERMANY DOAVNFALLEN.
(Associated Press Comment.)
The German people, for a genera
tion the obedient and submissive ser
vants of their war lord, for more than
four years his pliant instruments in j
aging the world, have spoken a
word, and the old Germany is
From the confused, sometimes con
flicting and often delayed, advices
from Germany in the last two days,
it is now apparent that William, em
peror and king, is stripped of his pow
ers. He is now plain William Hohen
zollern. a fugitive in Holland. With
his fall topples into ruin William's
mad design to rule the world.
Little is certainly known of the |
present situation in Germany, for that
country is in the first days of its new
It is not clear whether the
ole regime ha been permanently dis
whether the new authori
ries are merely sacrificing the ehief
figureheads of kaiserism in the hope
of obtaining an easier peace. It ap
pears probable that no one in Germa
Revolution is spreading rapidly, and
from the fact that a Socialist is now
chancellor i' may be gathered that
the object of the revolution is not
merely the quick ending of the war.
but the complete severance of the po
litical ties which still hind lh<- na ion
•vith its past.
For the allies the problem has
changed. The countries which fought
Germany and her vassals for more than
four years have emerged rrom it com- ;
pletely triumphant, but within the bor
ders of the countries which menaced
the peace of the world stalks revolt,
famine and anarchy. The world's next
task may he to restore order in the
desolated empires. It may be the lot |
of the forces which have successfully j
contested Germany's greed for power
to save her from the fate she im
posed on Russia.
The German empire was the last
of the great autocracies whose fall
marks the real significance of the j
war. Germany, holding on until lhe I
last. kept up the hopeless struggle j
ntll Field Marshal Hindenburg's pro-!
dietic words, earlier in the war. came
The side with the strongest
nerves, he said, would win. It was the
I crumbling of the home front that
made it impossible for Germany, not
withstanding her great armies in the
field, to carry on any longer,
The collapse of Germany brings the
j eclipse of tse German idea of the
state, as opposed to the doctrine of
individual rights, to which the nation
clung with hardly a dissenting voice
until recently. Under this regime there
was developed a nation of whieh mil
itarism was the embodiment, which
murdered and plundered, was heed
less of the rights of the individual
and made terrorism a matter of sturi
HOOVER GIVEN TASK
OF FEEDING HUNGRY WORLD
I'. S. Food Administrator Will Go to
Europe to Direct Relief for Liber- j
ated Reoples and Prevent Starvation
m j n i s trator Hoover, who organized
tbp commission for relief in Belgium,
ar.d wb j cb be j s 8 tii] chairman. The
s , a te department announced Saturday
| ba t President Wilson had requested
Hoover to take charge for the
; government in cooperation with the
various governments concerned of the
organization of measures for the pro
jected food relief and to proceed at
once Europe to begin his task,
Mr. Hoover. It is learned, is to be
| a tcompanied by Chairman Hurley of
j t be shj pp i n g board, who will be able
to f urn j 9b instant information as to
shipping f ac ilities the United States
can supply. His presence, therefore.
is expected to facilitate the framing
of the program as the measures of
j relief will depend to some extent on
I the movement of food stores in Aus
j tralia and other countries where they
bave accumulated through the lack
of tonnage to move them during the
Immediate arrangements are to be
made by the American and allied gov
ernments for supplying the food nec
essary for the rehabilitation of the
people ot northern FYance and Belgium
and the demoralized civil populations
in southern Europe.
America's part in the program is to
be under the direction of Food Ad
MUST EXPECT HARSH TERMS.
Premier Lloyd George, when news of the signing
of the armistice came to him, said: "Germany had a
choice today, but she would have had none tomorrow.
She is ruined outside and inside. The allies have no de
igns on the German people, but they intend to secure
beyond all doubt the freedom of the world.
"The recklessness that placed the world in such
awful agony must expect a stern reckoning. The
British empire never stood higher in the councils of
the world than it stands today. The next few years
are charged with the fate of Britain and the empire.
Let Britons lift up the country to a position it never
"We do not seek a yard of real German soil. We
are not going to commit that folly.
"Germany is enduring the worst of all punish
ments today We should be unwise, however, if we
forget that we must impose justice. Divine justice,
which is the foundation of civilization, must be suf
"Some wondered why the Versailles conference
was so long in presenting its terms to Germany. The
delay was not due to any disagreement between the
allies, but because they were engaged in knocking the
props from under our principal enemy.
"I am a believer in the knockout blow. Germany's
reckless wantonness was with the full consent of the
people. We must bear that in mind. The terms must
be such as to prevent a repetition of the wantonness
and recklessness which placed the world in such aw
ful agony. Germany must expect a stern reckoning."
Mr. and Mrs. Ephraim Ralph of
Landing were notified by the War de- R
partment. Thursday, of the death of
their son. Albert L. Ralph, on the bat- f>
This is the first death, and the only
one. so far as known, among the boys
who enlisted or were drafted from
ALBERT L. RALPH.
tlefield in Franre.
this county. David Davis, an Arbon
boy who recently gave up his life, I?
went from Gooding county. T
Albert Ralph was a member ot lhe ,j.
:147th machine gun battalion, and me: !
death during the first drive on Sedan.
October 29. In the same company with
him was another Landing boy, a friend
from early boyhood, Elmer Hartley. .j.
Albert Ralph was born in Brigham <•
City. Utah, and would have been 24 4 ,
vears of age on the 7th of Novetn- ♦
her. the day his parents received the 4 ,
notice of his death. About nineteen 4,
years ago he came with his parents +
to the Rockland valley, where he grew 4.
to manhood. He was educated at the 4
Utah Agricultural college at Ixvgan.
Mr Ralph joined the colors in Sep- +
tember, 1917. and received the great- ♦
er part of his training at Camp Lewis ♦
He reached France Last June and for ♦
some time preceding his death had +
been actively engaged on the front +
with his battalion.
WORLD WAR ENDED MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11
FIGHTING CONTINUES UNTIL LAST MINUTE
Last Fifteen Minutes Devoted to Firing Farewell Shots By
Allied Armies From Guns of All Sizes-—Allied Troops
Halted By Marshal Foch on Lines Reached at 11 O'clock
--Kaiser and Crown Prince Flee to Holland.
The world war ended Monday, November 11. at 11 a. m„ Paris time. This was 6
a. m„ Washington time, and 3. a. m. our time. The armistice was signed one hour
earlier by the German representatives. As soon as the signatures were made Foch be
gan calling the allied commanders and notifying them that peace had come,
The news that an armistice had been signed reached the American lines fifteen
minutes before eleven and this fifteen minutes was celebrated by firing as many shots
as possible into the German positions before the war expired. Guns of all sizes were
put into action and a blaze of fire marked the lines.
Marshal Foch's orders were terse and to the point. They were: "Hostilities will
cease November 11 at 11 a. m. along the French front. The allied troops, will not. un
til further orders, go beyond the line reached at that hour."
The greatest war in human history is over. With it ends the reign of autocracy
in the warring nations. The kaiser and his family, and the crown prince and his
family, have taken refuge in Holland. Emperor Karl of Austria has fled to Switzer
land, lhe minor princes and kings of the cential empile:* hate been dethroned and
are mostly in exile in foreign lands. The people of Germany have taken over the go\
trainsT|&„nd-E IKimber ut-rejmblics are rising out of the ruins of the empire.
I + + * 4 . + + + + + + + + + 4 . + + +
* ah draft calls are off until +
* bmty there win be n o further +
+ notice. Provost Marshal crow- +
% n%ded n °hey wm^e*caiTed la- +
♦ ter. but this need is not expec- +
* ^nt'camTjustR?um" n "«op +
+ the entraining of seven boys ♦
4 from th,s count >
In addition to his parents. Mr.
Ralph is survived by four brothers and
four sisters. The brothers are E. T,
Ralph of Salt Lake. R. T. Ralph of
Smithfield, Utah, L. N. and W. W.
R a i pb of Rockland. The sisters are
a i pb of Salt Lake; Miss Clara Ralph
ot Rockland, and Mrs. William Jepp
sen of Brigham City,
Stohl and Miss Ada
Tills Means All of Us.
"Go harder, the need is great
er than ever. Don't slacken any
where along the line. The war
is ended but its horrors have
not. Don't be misled by the idea
that there is no further need
of welfare work among the sol
diers. Now. more than ever be
fore. do our heroic boys need
the helping hand, the friendly
service, of the seven welfare
organizations. The United War
Work campaign must be fin
ished. Make Idaho the first
across the top with her quota,
a Thanksgiving offering that
peace is about to come to the
world."—Richard E. Randall.
State Campaign Manager for
the United War Work Drive.
NOT QUITTING, SAYS GOODING,
Statenient in AA'liich He Tn«li
Thut He Is Just Getting
Hindi to Fight.
I Frank R. Gooding has issued the fol
| lowing statement to the people of Ida
I ho. as his comment on the results
I of the election.
"It is not unusual in a great fight
llike the one we have had in Idaho
that someone should be called upon to
As soon as I learned the true con
ditions in Idaho I knew the state
could be saved only through a cam
paign of education, exposing Townley.
LeSeuer and hts gang, showing them
up to the people in their true light.
Someone had to make the fight for
luaho and I would rather have made
the fight and lost than not to have
made the fight and won for. after all.
a seat in the United States senate
is an empty honor compared with a
place in the hearts of the good people
of Idaho. There is only one thing worth
living for in this world and that is
the respect of the people. A public
si rvant, or a man who serves the peo
ple as a public servant and retires
front office without the respect of the
good people of the state or nation
would better have never served the
people at all.
Many things are very gratifying to
me in this campaign, one of which
is that I
per cent of the K tb _
s.a e. Especially is
aSTrffî ; w'
, , ,,
ine men against me. I want to assure
the laboring men of this state that
wherever the fortunes of life carry me.
|„ the future as in the past. I
always be their friend. For fourteen
years of my early life I worked for
ilavs pav and I know and understand
that if this government is to pros-,
per the laboring man's interest must
he considered and he must be given
a square deal. What we want in This]
country and must have is a square
deal. What we want and must have
♦ ir this country is a square deal all
around and that is what I have always
fought for. as my record shows.
* If anyone thinks this fight is over
because election day is past they have
* made a mistake. I promised the peo
pie in the campaign that I should con
+ tinue my fight against anarchy, trea
+ son and rebellion until the end. Many
* new people have come to the state
* since I had the honor of serving Idaho
as chief executive and I am glad to
have them know something through
me of the assassination of ex-Gover
nor Steunenberg and the blot left up
on the fair name of Idaho by the ac
quittal of Haywood and Pettibone of
the greatest crime ever committed on
I had but one thought in this fight
and that was to educate the people
as far as possible to the danger of
such men as Townley and LeSeuer
end those associated with them. who.
it is proven conclusively hv court
records, were in sympathy with Bill
Haywood and the I. W. W. organiza
tion—the greatest criminals this coun
try has ever produced.
It is this element that the good
citizenship must fight against all the
time and I accept my defeat with the
knowledge that for the time at least
1 have saved Idaho from the great
est disgrace that can come to any
commonwealth—the success of Town
ley. LeSeuer and McKaig.
It is gratifying to me to know that
the state ticket is elected by an over
whelming majority and that both the
house and senate will be safely re
publican. and now the only question
is what the majority will be.
1 have confidence in Mr. Davis and
those elected with him on the state
ticket. I am satisfied that the people
can look forward to a clean, vigorous
administration that will mean much
for the upbuilding of Idaho."
Imlieteil for Aircraft Era,.,Is.
The names of three men recently in
dieted in the federal district court at
■»-» « h.«. .-«»« ...
1 , , y . T „
da - v - The known defendants are Lu
"', an M S mpson. Vincennes. ndiana:
shall''*"™* 1 who was formerly
in charge of the Chicago office of
! the service, and E. J. Coner, for
I merly of Oak Park. 111., but now in
1 . . _ ,,
" ashington. D. ^
I Death of Airs Nathan Perry.
Mrs. Nathan Perry died at Roek
| innd last night, of influenza. A hus
hand and two snail children survive
her. At her bedside when death came
| were Mr. and Mrs. McCulloch of Rig
by. father and mother of the de
TEACHERS' FIX AMIN.*
The teaihers' exam*
fized for November V
has been indéfini*
xml | txt