Newspaper Page Text
. I"» ss . Ifi S! ; American A-*- I 4. * j AMERICAN FALLS, POWER COUNTY, HUH», FRIDAY, JANUARY 10. 191». NUMBER 17 VOLUME XIX SPOOL STS THAT RAILWAYS BE RETURNED TO OWNERS Civil Interstate Commerce Commission Op posed to Federal Ownership—Ade quate Safeguards to Meet Needs. ent he are the ent and The he the now of to is Opposition to government owner ship or operation of railroads at this time waB expressed Tuesday by the interstate commerce commission in a statement presented to the senate in terstate committee at its hearing on railway legislation by Commissioner Edgar Clark. "Considering and weighing as best as we can all of the arguments for and against the different plans," said the statement, "we are led to the con viction that, with the adoption of ap propriate provisions and safeguards for regulations under private owner ship, it would not be wise or best at this time to assume government own ership or operation of the railways of the country." The commission declared, however, that "a reasonable period of readjust ment or preparation," should be allow ed before relinquishment of federal control. "It seems obvious," says the statement, "that no plan of private ownership should be considered un less it is under a broadened, extend ed and amplified government regula tion." Commissioner Wooliey dissented from the recommendation against con tinuation of government control and advoated adoption of Director General McAdoo's suggestion for extension of federal management. The commission presented a detail ed program of proposed legislation in j case railroads are returned to private management providing for strict reg ulation by the government of rates, service, finance, security issues and pooling of facilities and clarification of doubtful relations between federal and state authority. The proposal of the railroad execu tives to be presented to the commit tee probably this week, is similar in general scope to the interstate com merce commission's recommendations it was Btated Tuesday. The executives up. however, are said to advocate even ; regulatory power for the gov- j ernment than the commission sug- ; the .-I ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦I in ♦ gests. ♦ + LETTERS FROM POWER COUNTY SOLDIERS. ♦ ; In ♦ ; + ♦ * + ehester laa 'j^ da T receiv ed the following interesting letter i Belgium, no,: us, IS.. m.jj- t.me, in imagination have I written this | letter to you telling a few of my many and 1 .„ v I a / 1 «^L, eXpe ™ mv , letting a little light in o my j ß smee we began the real business of finishing this war. I wish I might give you the story complete but the very highest spots are all that I can j touch at the present. It was in France that our first fighting took place and I can assure you that it was a REAL tight and j never will be forgotten by those who were in it. Our fighting here in Bel gium has been "pudding" compared ol I , l. . to it. for «ot only the Roche but the nature of the country and the climatic conditions as well were a 1 agamst us and yet wnen we left there the Square Head was u -, . n n® back so fast hat we Imd trouble keeping up with Mm. ® . were even driving them back so fas that our supplies could not keep up ! with us and so we lived on nothing but raw cabbage the Germans left, fer three days straight 1 didI man-' age one morning to get a couple of candles and a little coffee from a| aDd " ,ereW ' th proceeded to I cook thé precious beverage. 1 will never forget that eventfu morning when our ear-sphttu^ ye musical (to us) barrage was set up and then aB we advanced we passed under those tremendous guns whose "Peace Notes" w-ere being sent across told that this was the biggest en . .... , . i _, gagement that American troop. h* d ever been in and the strongest »■stance was met here. , ^ Trâ/iiris deed, that * e '"° kad at " . P oners and it was here that I saur my first German dugouts and they s ere | certainry elaborate affairs, some } them being 3 and 4 stories deep and would hold hundreds of men. It was in one of the officers quarters that I • picked up those post cards which I , sent you. You will notice that some of them are French and I wouldn t • doubt but that they had a history all their own. iThe Germans in t "®* r surprise and hurry left practically : rr/r/Zw b .*»t"s carry them I could have any num- | ber of REAL souvenirs. Our figh, | lasted for days and we were tried out with almsot every weapon the Germans had (they sure gave us j plenty of artillery fire, gas and ma chine guns and their dirty snipers were busy a plenty) but nothing could stop our advance and at the end of the drive we finished with a Real Honest to God charge for which we were given two citations. » j the whistie of the Big Boys (Bar thenT bom*«!! aroSd rou ZfV know volcan anor^tete aU of this n"o" t^"i " when T get home and ' It seems quite bell it to you. can COMPLETE ANARCHY NOW PREVAILS IN BERLIN Civil AVar Breaks Out: Sound of Ma chine Oun Fire Heard from All Parts of the City. Berlin is in a state of complete an archy and civil war has begun there, according to the Munich correspond of the Politiken. His information, says, is based on telephonic mes sages from the German capital. All the banks are barricaded and a great number of the public buildings in the hands of the Spartacan, or extreme radical group. Thousands of armed workmen of Spartacus faction, the correspond reports, are crowding the streets at several points firing has begun. sound of machine gun fire could heard from all parts of Berlin. The Independent Socialists, whose leaders were recently dismissed from government, are reported to have gone over entirely to the Spartacans. These two groups have issued a joint proclamation declaring that the final fight to preserve the revolution must now be fought. The message reported the intention the government to make an effort storm the building of the police guard later In the day and take pos session of all the machtne guns and cannon there. Dr. Carl Liebknecht, the Spartacan leader, has been seen about the city | organizing his troops for the final fight which, the correspondent says expeted to begin very soon. Hundreds of persons are reported fleeing from the city, up. through a town, a woman and some children were standing in a door way and further on we saw a little store funny now to look hack on some of the ideas which were uppermost in our minds as we came out of that weird world to this real world of 'here everything is construe It was after ours tion, not destruction, days of marching back through that well marked trail that we passed a real American engine on an Ameri can built railroad and you should have heard the shouts the boys set Then on further, in passing rith canned goods on the shelves, and we- acted just like kids our cries of delight. It was al most like a rejuvenation. As I said before, our fighting here j In Belgium has been more child's 1 play compared to the other, but it | has nevertheless been more interest Here, instead of the deserted, ; vUUgeg we have a beautiful : (;ountry wUh good 8ized towns, thrlf *""" 1 tZ g£Lb, in t0 get oUt did ,, ot destroy of the country n ke they did mostof the places they fought in. ß tbe way j passed through one of : * fought over cities Of ol this war and it sure is one big wreck. I wish you might have seen as I did, the happy smiles and cries of de light as the Belgians came running from the part of the town where the ' light was going on, with the 'few things that they wanted to save plied on an "Irish Buggy" and perhaps leading a goat or two. Practically all " ud with delight at being re leaged f the Uerman yo ke. The I d have been lined wilh thc peo - , e uf tb(g lmle nation , gome , eav . . their homes w here the fight was (be bot , tegt (thi8 waK l)efore the ar _ mjgt) ce) but most of them returning wrecked home, with all f ,? . b ^ '^ii^ , bad no !dea of how things could be trans ted. One would see the common n country) two wheeled cart bor se. donkey. milk cows, goats, dogs, but more gener all b people (80n ,e even hitched \ y Hke hor.es). The dog in |lds cou doea nQ( hav( , tbe • for he ig e l " a * ne Until this used not only to draw carts, wagons. wheelbarrows and such like, but to churn milk as well; large wheels being placed on most of the houses K dog is put on the inside of re-1^ and |, ven a gtart _ and ag he i uns and tries to catch up with him Helf ' the wheel turns and lhe Dutter making begins. At the present time m f lk cow ukeg tbe place , )( th(> horge hfcre j alb(J gaw a cart being drawn by two men. pushed by a w(Jman and two ama „ cblldren a nd „| ancjn g underneath, I saw two dogs glraining every mU8C | e to gP t the load over the rough cobble stone r()ad8 that are everywhere in Bel g| Um Then too, there were counties* wheelbarrow« and baby carriages an d practically everything pullable and puBbab i e that could be pressed ï» c|oth , and the necessities of life D i an os etc wag ' even more mteresting to WMcb tbe r9turned people, some of , bnn plowing witb mllk COWR or a m „ k cow and a donkey , and | even saw one man pulling a section of harrow himself, dragging it inch by inch over quite a good sized field, As in France, the prevailing foot wear is the *ooden shoe. 1 w««; , lbe natura i beauty of the part of FnaC * th *' 1 baVe SC * D ; W 11 18 nicer *° tr ? vel '". probably on ac eount °' th * pe ° pl * bt ' DK Clea "* r "..ntinued on Page 5. EX-PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT LOSES FIGHT WITH THE GRIM REAPER | Great American Statesman Passes Peacefully Away While Asleep. Captain Daeth Due to An Attack* of Rheu matism and Sciatica With Which Colonel Roosevelt Was Taken III on New Year's Day. Oyster Bay, N. Y.—Colonel Theodore Roosevelt died early Monday moruiug, January 11, at his home on Sagamore Hill in this village. Death was due to an attack of rheumatism and sciatica, with which Colonel Roosevelt was taken ill on New Year's day. Colonel Roosevelt sat up most of Sunday and retired at 11 o'clock Sun day night. About 4 a. m„ Mrs. Roose velt, who was the only member of the family at Oyster Ray, went to her hus band's room and found that lie hud died during the night. Mrs. Roosevelt telephoned to Colonel Enden Roosevelt, cousin of the former prtsident, and he went to the Roose velt home immediately. Telegrams were dispatched to the colonel's chil dren, who were in other parts pf the country. Tyvo of the colonel's sens, Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roose velt, Jr., and Captain Kermit Rooee velt, are In service abroad. Archie Roosevelt and Ills wife left New York at once for Boston, where the Ul. Mrs. capltstn's father-in-law is Ethel Derby ami her two children were in Alt ken, S. O. Theodore Roosevelt, president of the United States, twenty-sixth was r\ w > i k :; v V0A m fß ■ ■ a % - A ? ye W ' -V' .> w- ■ mm 4.^ mt .<*• > y:'&4 T *.» U ; * \ßj THEODORE R005EVEU 1 I Don. iu BOH. Roosevelt spent muc h of Ids boyhood at Oyster Ray. Die eomfiry home of his father, on l.ong Island Sound, where he " U '' 1 bills mid tnimping woods of Is.ng Island, outdoor I5fe had I»« 4 j ne | r,m .... '«* p ,,rk ' ,l *' '" u,1,eU .'".oic^'und^in 1M1 mined to enter |»olltkn, und in 188J I was elected to lhe New York legisfi, I tine, l.eing elec ted again in 1882 and 1883. i York l It y on October 27, i •h in New A'ork, Mr. Nc-c Although I distinct purpose, un among buys of his age, to build naturally frail physique by row nil swimming iu the nd by riding over the through the This plan of kept up by Coio up liters of ing I sing Island, ill his life. evelt educated at Har vard university, where he graduate«! In Mr. ItcHisevelt In 1884 be was delegate to the R«* j p U i,|j C an convention in Chicago, which j n<llldnuted .| lltI1P s G. Blaine for presl j de|l , a , „ hlcb convention he opposed tbe noullnuI i„n of Mr. Blaine. In 188« WM , be i u ,put.llcan candidate for I « t!l( , Lulled State* tivll service com mission, serving >ix years in this of n< ,„ In 18Bf , be resigned from the civil service commission and became pr<- 'd nt of the boord of police com I I from the navy department snd raised j tbe first volunteer regiment of cav alry. popularly known as the Hough Ritters, because many of Its members war* western cowboys, and many for jner companions of Colonel Rooseveit's [during the days be had resided In the mJxslimers of the city of New Y'ork. After a strenuous two years in tlfis of fice, he was appointed by President McKinley in 18!)7 assistant secretary of the navy. At the outbreak of the war With Spain, Colonel Hoosevelt resigned I office after the assassination of Me Until he retired west in Ids earlier youth. Dr. Leonard Wood, now Major Gen eral Wood, became colonel of the Hough Riders, with Rooveselt second in command. On ,ln!y 8, following the surrender of the Spaniards at San tiago, Wood was promoted to brigadier general and Roosevelt was made colo nel. On his return to New York he was nominated for governor of New Y'ork agninst the wishes of tlie "machine" Republicans end was elected plurality of 17.78». He desired to serve a second term, hut Republican leaders of the state Joined with west ern delegates in forcing upon him the v!ee presidency (Jane 21, 1000.) \\ Itli McKinley as president, he assumed his luties March 4, liMtl. Roosevelt's remar kahle terms as tth a ' 1 president begun when lie assumed the Klnley at Buffalo. from the presidency at the succession of William H. Taft, Roosevelt bended Iminlstratlon during some of the most eventful times In American hts the Roosevelt's policies. Ills fearless tory. aggression In securing enuctnient of j [ •isoiml magnetism, innk* 4 hi** administra tJon one of tlie most popular In the history ; ed necessary for if the nation laws which lie deei the proper government and Ids great combined t of the country. For bringing about |cence between liusslH and Japan, offering the hospi tality of the United Slates to the lad ligerents for concluding peace, Roose velt whs awarded the Nobel j I ! peace of the foremost >f tlie c-upse of military He was n prize. champion* preparedness mid brought about many reforms, urging others which were alined world-wide com- ! meut; combatting the trusts and ^ ! curing the emo ..cent of anti-trust leg ... . , , . ml „ Islatlon. His administration caf mill, tary affairs was marked by the devel opment of officers whose leadership was felt In later <*rise*>—among them Pershing, Wood. Bliss and Funston startling sind I « «go was popularly known during the <aro Puign «» the "BufiMocnje'pariy^The ticket was hea.led by Colonel Kooaa velt and Hiram Johnson of ' «»for ^nla. The stormiest hours of Roosevelt'* , K „ political .-areer occurred at the Re publican national convention at Chi In 1912, when Roosevelt, heading MOULD ACQUIRE A RIO SI,H E OF MEXICAN LANDS Senator Ashurst of Vrliona. Urges the United States to Seeure all of Lower California. Speaking in the senate Tuesday in support of his resolution of acquisi tion by the United States from Mexico of Lower California and part of the state of Sonora. Senator Ashurst of Arizona, declared the Mexican gov eminent was unable to control the territory or protect it from foreign in vasion. Annexed to the United States, b „ KH j c ) , t could he converted Into im mense agricultural value by irrigation from the Colorado river. Lower California, he said, "if, the vermiform appendix of Mexico" and the "Achilles heel or the United States." The Mexican republic is both unwilling and unable to policy, the peninsula, he added, "and is un able to resist agression» from or set tlement by oriental powers; lienee, a base of supplies or of military and naval operations with comparative ease and secrecy could be established among the numerous islands on the Pacific coast" Enforcement of law and order in Lower California, Mr 1 Ashurst declar ed, is left wholly to a governor hold ing over from the Diaz regime and still Independent of President Car ranza and Villa. While Senator Ashurst was speak ing In the senate, Representative Els ton of California, Republican, intro duced a resolution In the house re questing President Wilson to open negotiations with Mexico for the pur chase of the Lower California penin sula and other Mexican land along the International boundary "as shall I by topography promote harmonious relations by reducing to a minimum a u international border difficulties." The resolution was referred to tho house foreign affairs committee. The proposal mado in the United States senate by Senator Ashurst that the United States purchase lower Cal ltornla and part of Sonora has créa* ed considerable comment In the Mexi can press. LEWISTON MAKES OFFER FOR THE NORM AL HI'11001 Will Oomile Beautiful Park for Cam pas If 1100,000 Is Appropriated for the Buildings. The city of Lewiston will add llvo und one-half acres to tho Lewiston Normal school campus if the present j legislature sees lit to appropriate II 50,000 for h new school admlnls tratlon building to replace ihc struc ture destroyed tiy lire u year ago. Tills ! is the intention declared In u resolu tion received Saturday at the office of Dr. W. A. Bryan, state commission - er of education at Boise. W O>1 \ N HOftKH \H HAW FOB EIGHT YEARS A iiprcliemleil In the Dentil Valley, Hliere She Fled to Escape the Draff E vanillin! Inn. After passing as h man for eight j years and fleeing to the desert near I San Barnardino, Cal., to evade the physical examination incident to the Military draft, "John Bauer," age 24, ! was found Sunday to tie a woman when she refused to submit to minis trations of a male nurse at tho stale hospital at Patton. "Bauer." who refused to give any other name, was apprehended in the Death Valley, where she had lived In a cave for the past year and was be lieved to have become unbalanced from solitude. The woman told the hospital author files she had lived in the Imperiul j valley, Cal., for seven years, working 1 as u man and wearing men's clothing before she tied, according to her state ment, to evade the draft. I Jay Gibson, of Coeur d'Alene, for I four years cashier of the First Nation j al Bank of this city, has been named j by Governor Davis as state hank com 1 mlssioner. Mr. Gibson ts well known j In American Falls and will be greatly [ pleased at his appointment, as it Is a result of Mr. Gibson's competency and , n (be vlc)n | ly (>f y u | K | ey the flu epidemic has laid low elghi entire ; families. Mr and Mrs. Abe Hoagland and their two children were on Mon dey evening reported a* being very 111, and the live members of the H W. j Grafton family were also reported ail down with the disease. The local Red I Cross chapter has sent a nurse to ! Quigley to aid In the relief of the KU fferers Hardy Breding of Pleasant Valley was In American Falls Thursday. Mr. Breding reports a great deal of flu is ! prevalent out his way, to the north ^ ! and the west At Wapiltls eapectally ? d al W "' K J u ' ner ' * n <* Mr „ Breding, and his entire family, are wUh tfae dtgPal , p Mr Breding is (d tb# op ) n |on that the mild winter we are bav ing is an assurance of a fine grain crop the coining season i .as I , inPd tbe campaign against the ^uirr^s and other rmifnts and stands ready a( any time to enter Into a c*m f<)r , b< . „termination of ail spring this rancher seeded a goodly acreage to Marquis wheat and he har vested a good acre average. 26 bu»h f [(> fr(jm H# haK about 300 aire , h ln Turkey Red and Hybrid wheat and will seed additional acreage to spring This is one of the ranchers weed* * TÜRKE MORE STATES VOTE BONE-DRY Oliiu, Colorado mid Oklahoma Make Nlneteeu for Amendment Idaho Legislature In Line. Three more stales rat »led the pro posed prohibition amendment Tuoa day, mnktrn a total of nineteen atatos that have Indorsed the proposal of congress. The house of the Idaho leg islature voted Tuesday for the amend ment, and. if the senate follows suit, the proposul will need to be passed hv only sixteen more state». While the proposed addition to the basic law was ratified Tuesday by the legislatures of 'Ohio. Colorado and Oklahoma, representatives of the dl» tlllery companies of the country met In Chicago and decided to oppoae both the amendment and the war prohibi tion law, which is to go Into effect on July 1, by every legal means possible. The states which have ratified the prohibition amendment thus far are; Kentucky, Virginia. Mississippi, South Carolina. North Dakota, Maryland, Montana, Arizona, Delewure, Texas, South Dakota, Massachusetts, Georgia Louisiana, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Colorado and Oklahoma. At a meeting of the distilling Inter ests of the United States, resolutions adopted declared that the time had come for members of the Industry to muke "a most determined resistance to such revolutionary methods," refer Ing to the war-time prohibition and the proposed federal constitutional amendment. The action taken Tues day also provided that power to make llquor'H tight shall lie vested Mi u dbra mlttee, und Attorney Levy .\fnyer of Chicago was appointed chief counsel. SOUI A LI HT LE. A HERN ARE CONVICTED IN CHICAGO Congressman-Elect Berger One of the I'rlsoners Found Guilty Under Es pionage Art Prison Terms t Flues. Five leader* of the Socialist party were found guilty by a Jury after five hours and fifty minutes' deliberation in Federal Judge Limbs' court Wed nesday of conspiracy to violate the espionage law by delivering public speeches and circulating public arti cles with the willful Intent to causing insubordination, disloyalty and refus al of duty among the military and naval forces of the United States and with Interfering with the recruiting service and the enforcement of the selective draft law. The men found guilty uru: Victor L. Beiger, congressman-«loot from Milwaukee, und editor of the Milwaukee Leader. Adolph Germer, nuiltmul secret ary of the Socialist party. J. Louie Engdahl, editor of tlie American Socialist, offlciul publica tion of I lie Socialist party. Win. F. Kruse, uutional secretary of the Young People's Socialist league'. Rev. Irwin St. John Tucker, Social ist writer and lecturer, former direct or of the literature department of tin* Socialist party and uuthor of "The Price We Fight," Pay," "Why We Should and other untiwur pamphlets, convicted men face prison terms of from one to twenty years, a line of from )l to 11(1,000, or both, at the discretion of the trial Judge wim will fix the punishment later. Attorneys for the defendants Imme diately presented a motion for a new trial. Judge Landis fixed January 2J a y the date when lie will hear argu ments on this motion. The five de fendants were taken In custody in tho court room, but a few minutes later released on their old bonds of $10. 000 each. Seymour Htedman, chief counsel for the defendants that tlit* ease will he appealed to the United Stales -supreme court If ne cessary to keep his clients out of prls declared •>n The Jury halted in Its labors for live m i nu I es at ll;4f> a. in, out of respect to I lie memory of Theodore Roosevelt. Out In the corridors, the defendants, Ibelr luwyers and friends were order ed by the bailiffs to remove their hats while the city paid Its respect to tho former president and statesman. With the exception of Berger, who appeared nervous, the defendants lis tened to the reading of Ihc verdict without a sign of emotion. Berger raid: "The verdict Is a sur prise to me. 1 was certain that the Jury would acquit us on the case made out by the government. I am no more guilty of this charge than the Judge In bench. I have been a citizen of this country and stood for the principles for which I have been tried, for 37 years. Now If I am to be persecuted for them I shall accept my fate like a man." Of the five convicted men Berger was regarded as the most Important. All, however, are prominent In the leadership of the Socialist party in America. a to is is we I Red Cross Notices. The Red Cross work rooms will be open Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoons from I : JO to 4:00, new time, from now on. The knitters will please finish all knitting now on hand and turn It in as soon as possible for shipment. The secretary will have a full report of the production of the Red Cross work for the last year In next weeks Issue. There is plenty of sewing at the rooms, that we would like to get out as soon as possible. the ail , h W. M, Davie has teased his interest in the Davie Grain & Fuel Co, to J. T. Doran.