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American Falls press. [volume] (American Falls, Idaho) 1907-1937, January 10, 1919, Image 4

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063041/1919-01-10/ed-1/seq-4/

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MKS8AGK OF GOVKR
A OK ». W. DAVIH
Idaho's Chief Executive Huggests Im
portant ond Interesting Legislation
for Good of State.
Members of the Fifteenth session of
the state legislature:
To the people of this generation has
been given a groat opportunity. We
have taken part In the most gigantic
struggle in history. It has been a test
ing period. Under the stress of the
crisis and struggle, we have been com
pelled to view events with enlarged
vision, to capt aside personal and even
national self-interest and to realize
responsibilities to promote the
general welfare of mankind. We have
learned nothing new about the ab
stract rights of men, nothing new in
theory nhoilt liberty, equality and fra
ternity! but we have learned much
about their practical application. A
tremendous Impetus has been given to
all progressive welfare movement. We
do not have to seek far to find evi
dences of an awakened moral and so
cial consciousness.
OWIl
our
us,
to
ot
Problems of Reconstruction.
great war has
brought to the state, as to the na
tlon. many problems calling for the
exorcise of a wise discretion and right
The solution of these prob
The end of the
motives.
lems is not to be found in the answer
to the query a* to whether proposed
reforms will benefit one class or one
The only lest which your
industry.
constliuency asks you to apply to
legislation proposed
whether or not it promotes the gener
al welfare.
»entitled has been deb gated a groat
opportunity,
not miss It in Ihe consideration of
trivial and self-seeking proposals. You
have the opportunity to carry out a
large, constructive, statesmanlike pro
which will lay the founda
before you is
a
Council of Defense. a
The creation of a slate council of
defense as a recognized official body
calls for youir early consideration. The f
state councils organized throughout
the nation co-operating with the na- t
ttonal council of detenso, huvo beeu
vital factors In the winning of the war i
The national council of defense has
requested that the council of defense
system be continued In the national
Interest for the purpose of co-operat
ing with and supplementing federal
agencies In meeting the exigencies and
emergencies Incident to post-war re
ad lust ment. 1 apprehend you will feel
1 do that such n request from thç
national council calls for a patriotic
and unhesitating compliance.
The national council of defense has
very properly limited Its request to tho |
Immediate emergency, but I desire to
present for your consideration the
proposition of giving permanency to
the state council of defense to meet
any emergency that may arise in the
Having learned the value of
niergenoy body of patriotic cltt
xens, serving without compensation
and in the Interest of the publie wel
fsre. In ihe war emergency, we Hhould
take advantage of the lesson
The council of defense should be
called into being at any time of need
upon proclamai Ion of the governor and
(><■ subject to dissolution at his dis
cretlon. II should have the power and
duty to Initiate uud carry on within
th.' state, such measures us are deem
<*d necessary to meet the emergency
und to ro-ordlnate the emergency »c
tlvttles of the state with those of the (
government and of other
Hrre's Memorial.
Idaho ha« been without the stlrnu
lus of a great cantonment. It has lack
•Mi the thrill and inspiration of march
lira men in kliakl, it has not been
spurred on by the financial quickening
that came from lucrative war Indus
trie» Yet Idaho has been In the front
rank of service through all this war
period. No state in the Union has |
more lavishly according to pop-1
tint our
We have
To you who arc here as
1 feel sure that you will
one
gram
tlon for Increased growth during many
Bom« features of such
so far aH thoy relate to the
years to come,
a program
state's administration I desire to pre
sent to you.
future.
an
federal
state*.
given
'ilatlon and wealth than has this In
lennountatn state of ours
greatest giving has not been In money.
Our greatest asset Is not wheat, or
wool, or minerals,
ration Is our biggest asset
given the best In our homes
laid our sons on the altar of sacrifice.
With a wonderful spirit our young
men answered the call of their coun
try with the gift of all they had
honor to them the living and the
dead.
have brought Impensable glory to the
nasse of Idaho. Wherever they have
placed they have done their full
duly They have helped to write e
new, a world Magna Charta. All have
faced the peril of wer without flinch
ing, some, like the Christ have paid
the full price of world redemption by
the gift of theta- Uree.
Ae a state we owe these soldier
boys of ours a debt of gratitude, a
debt too deep for complete payment
Hut we owe It to ourselves and to our
children in concrete ways to aspraa*
our appreciation of the sacrifices thee«
have made. To do them honor be
comes a solemn and bounden duty. It
Is altogether fitting and proper that
this slate erect some beautiful, suit
able and enduring memorial that shall
voice our appreciation of the honor
they have brought to our state.
Not only In marble and bronae
should our appreciation he symbolised
but our gratitude should be expreseed
In some living way that actually helps
tfceee men. No better thing can M
-done, and surely no lees thing should
The young gene
\Ve have
Ml
Their sacrifice», their deeds
be done, than to open every poeefble
door of employment and opportunity
for those who hazarded their whole
future for our safety and the safety
of our children.
Americanisation.
Not the least important of the prob
lems facing us at this period is the
training of our foreign immigrants in
the duties of citizenship, and the com
pulsory education of all persons who
cannot read, write and speak the Eng
lish language,
to show our gratitude for the sacri
fices of our brave eons and honor
heroes, dead and living, by exalt
We as a state ought
Let English be
Let
For those who
instructions, all our
churches, all of our fraternal orders,
teach the message of the new day
which our brave heroes have brought
that service to humanity Is man's
riled and I
5 In the J
high standard of j
and in stimulating
our
Ing the principles for which they
Wo need to lay a new empha
sis on Americanism,
the speech of all assemblies and the
primary language In all our schools.
Let there be a more complete knowl
edge of our own history and of our
system of government. Let there
be further stressing of the privlllges
and'obligations of citizenship,
there be an Intelligent movement for
the Americanization of all who come
here to make a home,
forgot their debt to this country and
favored our foes, openly or covertly,
let them know by the weight of ostra
cism that Huch treachery Is neither
condoned nor forgotten, last all of our
educational
strove.
OWIl
us,
first obligation.
National Prohibition Amendment.
Tills legislature has the opportunity
to continue, in the language of our
constitution, to 'further all wise and
well directed efforts for the promotion
ot temperance and morality."
doubt exists in the mtnd of anyone but
that among your llrs^ acts will be the
ratification of the amendment to the
federal constitution prohibiting Hie
manufacture and sala of intoxicating
liquor*.
No
a** Naffrare.
of nub»? s>P
The Influe»
Intelligent «■
hslabtiabmeel
■ t.
public moraitl;
welfare aetlrttl
cannot be
ivere*li- j
The prim tple of «-quality in
1 hope the
mated
the exercise of the suffrage is gaining
a world-wide recognition
day is not far distant when It will
become an integral part of our na
tional. as It Is now u (tart of our state
constitution.
Stimulation of Industry.
In I his period of reconstruction and
demobilization we must not permit the
great army of men gathered to com
bat the savage forces of autocracy to
return to a peace of enforced Idleness.
The return of a country front war
activity to peace activity la apt to be
a period of economic pinching for
Inan y «fiasses of citizens und skilled
laborers.
f ro m war camps Is bound to further
complicate the problem and congest
t |, e labor market. The time has passed
w hon n state can safely leave this
i rnn sitlon situation solely to Indtvld
ua |„ ( 0 solve for themselves. Idleness,
wtinl an fi under-nourishment are cost
(y, uneconomic and the culture beds
ammfiiy and dlsordor. The cheep
0Bt an( j safest plan, as well as the
moa ( patriotic and statesmanlike. Is to
obviate this labor congestion by a
W | a8i constructive program of employ
ment and Improvements that shall tide
ua over tills period of economic and
labor adjustment. To this end as fur
aM possible returning soldiers ought to
| )p reinstated in tholr old positions.
| n new employment, as far as Is con
a | H |,,nt wllli efficiency in management,
these demo hollaed soldiers, sailors mid
war workers ought to have the first
chance.
Every effort of public and pifivuto
enterprise should be directed toward
(j„, immediate construction of wortti
while, necessary public Improvements,
that shall afford employment to out
loyal citizens. The legislature can
provide directly for public buildings
„ lu | „tute hlgliwuys and Indirectly, bv
favoring legislation and by Its exam
p| e for municipal und local improve
me ntt and reclamation works
But more powerful than legislation
j„ the maintenance of a state of public
confidence. Having seen our vigorous
democratic people riHe to a great crisis
( n world politics, let us entertain no
f ettr tj, a ( (hey will not meet success
fully the transition from a great mtll
tary force to an army of Industry. The
people of Idaho especially have no
muse for apprehension but that the
slate is capable of ro-absorhing Ils
reluming young men in Its countless
undeveloped opportunities In agrlcul
ture and Industrial pursuits,
Federal Co-Operation,
I particularly desire to call your at
| tent ion to the many activities carried
on by the national government the
benefit of which the state can only re
calve by co-operation in the expendi
The principal lines of federal
aid in the slate at the present time
arc: Educational aid, agricultural aid,
road aid and the co-operation of the
federal geological survey
Tho return of thousands
e
a
It
M
ture
In water
All of those activities
measurements,
should receive consideration and ade
quate provision be made to provide
the necessary state funds.
Everything that can be done should
be done by the legislature and the peo
ple to encourage the proposed recla
mation by the federal government of
2,000,000 acres of available desert
lands In addition to those already re
claimed.
will furnish homes for the returning
soldiers and sailors who so richly de
to receive this heritage from a
This land when reclaimed
serve
grateful nation.
Educational Aid.
The last legislature failed to accept
the provisions of the national educa
tional aid act of Feb. 23, 1»17. com
monly known aa the Smith-Hughes
act. but by a congressional relief act
the state was enabled to secure its
benefits until the meeting ot this leg
islature. I feel sure you will without
delay accept the previsions of said act.
Highways.
The good faith of the state is
"pledged to make available funds suf
ficient to equal the sums apportioned
to the state by or under the United
States government during each and
all of the five years for which federal
funds are appropriated" by the rural
post roads act of July 11, 1911. Dur
In
ing the biennium it will be necessary
for the state to raise a million dollars
In order to take full advantage of fed
eral aid for rural post roads and forest
roads.
Nothing will be so beneficial to this
state as the continued construction
and proper, maintenance of good roads
Whatever pruning of appropriations
the legislature may find it necessary
to make, I am satisfied the people of
the state do not desire any retrench
ment In its good roads building pro
gram.
Public Buildings.
Having in mind the fact that the
state has almost reached its limit of
bonded indebtedness I hesitate to
make any specific recommendations as
to public buildings, other than to urge
as liberal a building program as avail
able resources will permit. Even
though the coBt of labor and material
Is higher than it has been or will be
later, the consensus of opinion among
(he public spirited men of the nation
is that buffer employment should be
provided during the period of demob
litzation and readjustment.
During the last biennium two of our
public Institutions suffered Iobs by
fire, the Lewiston normal school and
the Soldiers' Home. Both of the
burned structures should of course be
replaced. The other public Institu
(ions of the state will no doubt pre
sent In their budgets their rcqulre
ments for additional permanent lm
provements .all of which will require
your earnest consideration In their re
lation to this problem of buffer em
ployment. It Is to be hoped that the
municipal authorities and civic bod
ies of the capital city will continue
their public-spirited efforts to make
the surroundings of the capitol a civic
center which will add to the beauty
and attractiveness of the completed
capitol. The nee(| of more room for
slate departments is Increasing every
year. It is time that tlic Btate In its
own Interest committed itself to a
definite program for the completion
0 f (he capitol. Such a program will
a | so enable the capital city to pro
œed with a definite and progressive
grain for the Improvement of Its
j
ic center.
j am asking Ihe slate board of edu
cation and the state highway depart
ment each to submit a project plan of
Improvements covering the next five
or 10 years. The legislature can then
determine what amount should be
raised by bond issues and what
amount should be raised by other
means. If the legislature approves
such a program tho same can then be
submitted for ratification of the people
at the next general election In accord
ance with the provisions of the consti
tution.
Budget.
The constitution provides that the
governor "shall at the commencement
of each session present estimates of
the amount of money required to bo
raised by taxation for all purposes of
tho state."
The present provisions of the stat
utes relating to the compilation and
presentation of a budget are very in
adequate. It Is the apparent Intent of
the constitution that the responsibility
should be placed upon the chief ex
ecutive to prepare the budget. ' In or
der that he may do so intelligently
«fid to carry out the constitutional
mandate. I recommend that the study
and preparation of the budget he
muilo one of the continuous duties of
an officer directly under the control
and supervision of the governor.
The budget which I expect to sub
mit for your consideration later In the
session will necoRsarily he tentative,
for the very reason that there has ex
isted In this state no budget making
machinery. 1 hope to see the budget
system ho perfected tiiat the next gov
ernor can say In presenting his budget
that he Is prepared to stand or fall on
the figures presented.
Taxation.
The over-present problem of equit
able taxation will no doubt present
itself to you in various phases. Intel
ligent study and the collation of ac
curate data are tho first requisites for
Intelligent legislation on this subject.
Much valuable Information was col
lected by the now abolished lax com
mission and 1 am convinced that its
abolition was a mistake. The investi
gational duties which it was required
to perform should he imposed upon
officer or department directly re
sponsible to the chief executive.
Reorganisation of Land Board.
Much of the work imposed upon the
stale board of land commissioners is
not required by the constitution of the
state to ho performed by that hoard,
hut has been delegated to the board by
legislative enactment,
ularly to the investment of state funds.
Owing to the fact that the officers
(imposing Ihe land board are primari
ly selected for other duties, In the
performance of which tholr time is
largely occupied, the délégation to
them of the investment of Ihe public
funds lias proved unfortunate. 1 hopF
to see a reorganization effected by
which
may he imposed upon a depart men t
r gun i zed along modern business
lines.
Conservation of Natural Resources.
The initiation of a constructive pol
icy for the conservation of the natural
resources of the state, particularly its
unused water power, is peculiarly
within the province of the legislature
and Bhould receive your earnest con
an
1 refer partie
(
this non-constitutional duty
sidération.
The fish and game department
should be reorgataed to promote more
effectively the purposes of Its creation.
A more careful accounting of the tees
handled by the department as well aa
ol Its expenditures should be required
by law.
Th« New Code.
One of the Important matters call
ing for your attantion Is the con
sideration of the new code of laws
prepared under authority of an act
of the last legislature. 1 anticipate
your deliberations will lead to SU
adoption, with such perfecting correc
tkms and amendmenU before the per
manent edition is printed as seem to
you necessary.
Uniform Laws.
For many years the national con
ference of commissioners on uniform
state laws has been doing effective
work In improving the diverse leglsla
tion of the various states, particularly
In the dömaln of commercial law,
Idaho has already benefited by the
work of this commission in the adop
tion of the uniform acta relating to
negotiable instruments,
ceipts and bills of lading Our work
men's compensation act is also based
upon the uniform draft.. It is time
tliat Idaho formally recognizes the
work of the conference by making
legal provision for representatives at j
the conference and by providing a
small appropriation to support this
work. Both houses of the legislature
might well recognize the importance
of this interstate legislation by the
creation of permanent committees on
uniform laws.
The uniform commercial acts not
the sales
•arehouse re
yet adopted in Idaho are
act, the stock transfer act, the part
nership act and the limited partner
ship act. All of these can be enacted
with advantage to the commerce of
the state.
Slate Defense.
In view of the possibility of a new
congressional policy rather large dis
cretion should be left to the governor
commander-in-chlef of the militia
to organize it or reorganize It at any
time to meet the requirements of
changing federal law and regulations.
A portion of the duties of the state
militia have heretofore bpen in the na
ture of police duties,
growing tendency, with which I am in
sympathy, to create a state constabu
lary.
Increase in Membership of Supreme
Court
The crowded condition of the su
preme court calendar calls for a too
long-delayed remedy. This condition
Is in no wise due to any lack of ability
industry on the part of the mem
bers of the court. The rapid growth
of the state is reflected in an increase
both In volume and Importance of litt
While new judicial districts
as
There is a
or
gallon.
and new counties have been freely
created, thus multiplying many times
the number of trial courts existing at
statehood, the appellate tribunal Is
still composed of only three members.
For a long time it has been more than
two years behind iu its work, notwith
standing Its ulinost continuous ses
sions throughout the year. The relief
recommended by those who have given
the subject serious consideration and
the only permanent relief which seems
to be available, is by constitutional
amendment to Increase the member
ship of the court and give It power to
sit in departments.
roiniiilsKioii to Ntudj Judicial Reform.
The lack of business-like promptness
and the unnecessary expense incident
to our present court procedure call
for a searching study of their causes
and the application of some of the
methods of modern business,
subject matter, however, Is such that
experimental legislative relief is apt
to complicate rather than solve the
problem. 1 apprehend the members
of the legislature will feel somewhat
as I do In these matters—handicapped
by a lack of an Intimate technical
knowledge of the subject. I am in
clined to adopt the recommendation
of the American judicature society,
made to all the states. It proposes the
formation of a commission in each
state, serving without compensation,
to Inquire into the subject of the ad
ministration of justice and the expedi
ency of revising the constitution and
laws relating thereto, the result of the
commission's work to be reported to
the next legislature. This should not
delay, however, the Immediate propos
lnti of a constitutional provision for
an enlarged appellate court.
Short Ballot.
The
Tho consensus of opinion among po -
litical scientists Is rapidiy crystaliz
ing In favor of the short ballot. The
voters can more discrimlnately choose
the candidates for a small number of
responsible positions than for a large
number of minor administrative of
fices. Where elections are so frequent
us iu this state the administration of
the statp government can hetter be
Intrusted to tho general manager and
hlc alternate than u slx-hoaded ex
ecutive. Tho short ballot is not new.
We have long been familiar with It in
the federal system.
Tho Stale Executive.
The constitution provides, "The su
preme executive power of the state is
vested In the governor," but other pro
visions of the constitution itself and
various acts of the legislature belie
this declaration. The executive power
of the state Is scattered among several
elective offirers and numerous ap
pointive officers, boards, bureaus, de
partments and commissions, the ap
pointments being made by various of
ficers for varying terms and without
any attempt to tlx responsibility any
where.
Governor Capper, of Kansas, in his
autiual message of 1917, made use of
the following language which is equal
ly applicable to Idaho:
"Kansas has admittedly out
grown our present system of gov
IF YOU NEED MONEY
CALL AND SEE
BROWN & MOENCH, American Falls
We loan money on farm and city property, sheep and
sattle, at reasonable rates, allowing good repayment privileges.
Our companies have been in business throughout the North
west for over 30 years and know the requirements of the farmers
List Your Farms for Side or Trade with Us
$
\
IN
11
wi
Chiropractic
is the philosophy, science and art that accounts for, locates and adjusts
any cause of disease.
In a few words this is the best definition I can give you, but.I can
make you understand it thoroughly, if you visit me.
Neither Surgery nor Drugs are necessary when you know about
Chiropractic
S. S. MURDOCK, D. C.
CHIROPRACTOR
Bangh Hotel
Side Entrance
emment. It is a hodge-podgo; a
patchwork; antiquated, cumber
some, wasteful, inefficient, entire
ly out of keeping with the more
scientific systems of business now
employed by private concerns and
many other states. A multiplicity
of boards, commissions, bureaus
and department duplicate the
work of one another, divide re
sponsibility which should be con
centrated, and by interfering with
—Continued on Page 5.
Notice.
Notice is hereby given that Chas. T. J
Cotant, prosecuting attorney of Pow- j
er County, will apply to the Board of
County Commissioners of Power
County, Idaho, at its regular meeting j
in January, for permission to appoint I
a stenographer, for the term begin- )
ning January 13th, 1919. I
Dated December 26th, 1918.
CHAS. T. COTANT,
Prosecuting Attorney.
Stocbholders Meeting.
The regular annual meeting o the
stockholders of the First National
Bank, American Falls, Idaho, will be
held in their banking rooms on Tues
day, January 14th, 1919, between the
hours of 10 a. m. and 4 p. m. for the
purpose of electing a board of direc
tors for the ensuing year, and the
transaction of any other business that
may legally come before the meeting.
H. D. JACKSON.
Secretary.
Notice.
Notice is hereby given that C. Lee
French, auditor and recorded of
Power County, will apply to the
Board of County Commissioners of
Power County, Idaho, at Its regular
meeting In January, for permission
to appoint a deputy auditor and re
corder, and such other help as may
be necessary for the transaction of
business of the auditor's office, for
the term beginning January 13th,
1919.
-
is
of
Dated December 24th, 1918.
C. LEE FRENCH,
Auditor and Recorder.
12-24,27,31:1-3,10
In the District Court of the United
States for the Eastern Division. Dis
trict of Idaho.
In the matter of Adolf Claassen,
Bankrupt.—Notice to Creditors.
To the creditors of Adolf Claassen,
Bankrupt.
Notice is hereby given that John
Esterbrook, Trustee, has filed a report
in the above bankruptcy and a meet
ing will be held at the office of the
Referee at 308 East Center Street, in
the city of Pocatello, Idaho, on Wed
nesday, the 15th day of January, 1919,
at two o'clock p. m., for the purpose of
passing on said account and the de
claration and payment of a first divi
E. C. WHITE, Referee.
Dated December 31, 1918.
dend.
6«i th« Genuine
Avoid
SHE
and
Waste
m
Economy
in Every Cako
Stockholders' Notice.
The annual- meeting of the Dry
Farm National Farm Loan Associa
tion will be held at County Court
House Feb. 1st, 1919, at 1 o'clock p.m.,
to elect directors to serve one year,
and for such other business as may
properly come before the meeting.
This is a very important meeting.
Please make it a point to attend.
G. 3. BUTLER,
12-31-1-31 Secretary-Treasurer.
Dated December 31, 1918.
ORDER.
J . , ,,
j *" th® District Court of tile Eilth Judt
, ® !»• District of the State of Idaho.
1° the Matter of the Hxlng of the
j Regular Terms of- Court, tor the
I Venr 1919 in the Counties Compris
) Dig the Fifth Judicial District of the
I State of Idnho:
Comes now the Senior Judge of
the Fifth Judicial District of the State
of Idaho! and ixt Accordance with the
provisions of Section No. 3834 of the
Revised Codes of the State of Idaho,
fixes the terms of Court for the Fifth
Judicial District, as follows, to-wit: .
Bannock County, January 13th, No
vember 10th.
Power County: March 10th, Sep
tember 16th.
Oneida County; April 14th, Octo
ber 20th.
Franklin County: April 28th, Oc
tober 6th.
Bear Lake County: May 12th, Sepr
tember 15th.
It Is further ordered that this order
be filed and entered of record by the
Clerk of the Court In each County of
said District and that the same be
published two consecutive weeks in a
newspaper in the respective coun
ties according to law. Each term to
begin at ten A. M. on their respective
dates.
Daed at Pocatello, «Bannock Coun
ty, State of Idaho, this 26th day of De
cember, A. D. 1918.
of
of
of
J. J. GUHEEN,
Senior District Judge.
Notice.
Notice is hereby given that G. R.
Hansen, Sheriff, of Power County,
Idaho, will apply to the Board of
County Commissioners, Power Coun
ty, Idaho, at its regular meeting in
January for permission to appoint
one deputy and one jailer, who shall
also be a deputy, .and such other
extra deputies as may be necessary
for the transaction of the business of
the Sheriff's office, for the term be
ginning Jan. 13th, 1919.
in
of
G. H. Hanson, Sheriff.
Dated Dec. 12th, 1918.
12-24,27,31:1-3,10
SALE OF ESTRAÏ.
j Notice is hereby given that the fol
lowing described estray animal will
be sold at public sale to the highest
bidder for cash, on Saturday, Janu
ary 11, 1918, at 1 o'clock p. m. of said
! day, at the ranch of Georg S. Butler,
; four and one-half miles northwest of
j American Falls:
; One black filly, coming three years
old, white spot in forehead ; no brands
j visible; weight about 750 pounds; 14
hands high.
D. B. JEFFRIES, Sheriff.
12-20-27:1-3-10

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