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American Falls Press B- 0 »® M MHKK ti AMERICAN KALLS, POWER COUNTY. IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH SI. 191». VOLUME XIX F„ the the ary in FORMER AMERICAN FALLS BOY CLEARS I P BREST SITUATION Controversy Over French Embarka tion Port Intelligently Diseussed by Young Soldier Whether Port Was Good or Bad Depends Upon AVhen It Was Visited. Laverne R. Collier, son of J. J. Col ritten lier, homesteader of Igo. has for the Boise Statesman the most il luminating statement of the condi tions at Brest France, that has ap peared. A heated controversy has been raging over Brest for some time. It started in this country on the arrival of some of the first American troops to return through that port. The con ditions as described by them harrowing as to raise a nation-wide protest. A little later Senator Owen and other members of congress came home, and Senator Owen declared that whoever was responsible for the con ditions there should be prosecuted. The war department then got busy and ordered an investigation, and an army officer reported that the conditions good. The controversy has not ceased, and the public has been in doubt as to what the conditions re ally were. Young Collier, who was a the Pocatello Tribune at I ere so ' » IT, ■ reporter on the time of entering the-service, says it all depends upon was inspected as to the conditions that would be reported. His most in teresting article follows: "I am not a general, nor was 1 on a senate investigating committee when 1 was in Brest, but as a doughboy ser in Brest three times when the camp géant, who was on duty with troops, I can give you some straight information which will allow you to form an opinion which as you said in your editorial on March 11 is difficult for the people at home who read conflicting reports from those in authority who have seen Brest. IVhat Officer Confided. "On January 27, this year, my bat talion of the 163rd unloaded from our t ■hommes 40, cheveaux8' cars at Brest and after getting a feed of 'slum,' i which was good and was appreciated by us our battalion commander form ed his command and to us he said these words: " 'The commanding general of Brest • mn evidently is an autocrat for our inters for marching are far more ty v niiical than ever I have seen after I _' >mr <_ (he imes, but regardless of this Condition we (the whole hattal- | inn I will march from the docks i , hère we detrained) up to Pontaizen h>,tracks at attention." ... en j 0 i n you to comply to the Seventv pounds on your back. cent grade with man. hiking up a two per sweating bodies does not excuse us marching at rigid attention. Our of embarking for America from chances . depend upon the report of a private military policeman. You have your orers. Comply!" Hike. one orers. Comply!" It Was Some Hike. We slung our packs and began the marched ascent. Four kilometers wc , at attention, sweating, the suspenders fairly tearing at our shoulders, never •' looking to the right or left, always all the back of the neck of the in the column of At the we ter eyes on man preceding you squad*. It was "some hike." then stood motion hours waiting to have top of the hill we less for two heated bodies fanned by a chill with the only physical result assigned a certain sea our wind it. until we were of mud covered by tentage. "Half of the floor space of each tent was boarded with duck boards, the remainder just mud, soft, and so deep a man without waders was handicap ped-needless to say there' were no boots. "Immediately the companies were ordered to turn out all available priv for detail. One week previous all issued new home-going besmirch incident to a them in ates ranks were uniforms only to with the dirt always fatigue party. Plenty of Good lood. The food was wholesome and plen One month previous just the could be truthfully said and ttful. opposite and tbe food itself was by far a lesser problem than the work of lining up. On December 20 I fell out for break fast at 7 o'clock, and at 11:30 o clock, after four and one half hours stand ing in mud in a mess line I got my slum and was then glad to get It. Many men could not stand the mess itne gaff They were the ones who soon contracted the influenza and died. However, that problem had been solved in January and we praise the messing administration for its de velopment. "We were a period of eight days, awaiting ship ping. and the discipline was so abso lute and crushing we (In order to get home) literally stood on our heads until the day came for our embarka at Brest the last time for lion Great Seas of Mad. "Everywhere there was mud—great seas of mud. There was mud on the roads inside the tents, beneath and around the bunks in the corrugated barracks: in fact, you were stand ing in four inches of soft muik while eating meals. Here and there signs of attempted drainage would appear, but all ranks will instantly agree that, with all America behind them, money, men and material, the commanders of v the camp long ago should have ren 40 dered the camp fit for an animal to live, because, where a horse or a cow could thrive in the interior, we al made out and thrived. There is doubt in my mind but what a great iron ways no mistake was made in not planning ahead for the reception of the A. E. F„ which eventually, if the war had gone on a year more, would come to the best port on the Bay of Biscay for the return—Brest. Wailed for Four Hours. General Pershing reviewed my di vision—the 41st—at Brest on Febru ary 1. My regiment stood ankle deep in mud for four hours and 15 minutes waiting for the general. We (the mud hens) do not blame the chief for our standing there, but we do blame the commander who was directly respon sible for the camp. "Taking a resume of the whole case Blame, for I see these conclusions: the exposure of troops was partially due to lack of foresight of the general staff, an partially to the elements. Weather reports show' it rains 338 days out of a possible 365 days. The shortage of material for constructing good barracks must be charged to the j commanding general. He was in a i position to requisition sufficient ma- j terial for adequate building. The ! sad affair, and mess problem was a only can be directly charged to the j camp officers. ' "A committee investigating Brest j December 1 would make a differ- j ent report if the camp were inspec -1 ted two months later. Changes were J rapid after the first expose. To my way of thinking, the Wash- , ington, D. C.. Post correspondent who j wrote a grand expose after returning : from the first session of the confer- j at the Quai 'Orsay did more for ■ •H ence America's doughboys than any other Things got better quickly. Food was human. New kitchens sprang up. cooked and served, and not opened and thrown" at the men. "A great good was done from De cember 15 to January 15, and unless the stories from Brest carrÿ date lines the public will be puzzled. Brest, like a mushroom city, 'changed' over "can night. "Men coming in from the from with t he memories of the Argonne, St. Ml hiel, Chateau Thierry, Soissons. Bel i e au Wood, Cantigny, end even Seich eprey and Toul fresh in their minds, were wont to cry: 'Who won the war?' The M. P.'s (military police). Who j backed them up? The Y. M. Ç. A.' ; All of which was a Yank satire and almost an insult to the men who were! behind the lines on duty at base ports I or j n the service of supply. This out-| burst took wings until in the month ! | of January and February all over i France the 'gang' would tantalize the j so-called 'bomb-proof men until offi cials clssed this remark as a military crime. Even then the men would sing ou t from the columns, 'Who won the ' war?' resulting in an absolute ban on j all talking in ranks at Brest, and all' marching at attention. 1 War Record. I Blcniisli mi War Record. the So you see, even though I still and j i always will remember Brest and her autocrats of the mud camp, the whole ^ p a game filters down on a war basis as ' Pr one of the blemishes in the big pro- : gram which was carried out finally, has and which took blood, mental and ; into physical courage, Yank' pep. and, of i (;a had to make mistakes or j _Charles iMKUirtN v 11 1H BOY I >IOMK FROM OVERSEAS, ! the IIG.llr, r KG.n Gtr.H. r.,v ,, course, we we wouldn't be human. "A searching investigation, and la ter punishment of those guilty, if any found, should be pushed by were so the affairs committee, for the Amer ican soldier and his people demand it. Served on Mexican Border and Four- i With the! France teen Months in 116th Engineers. I Dutro arrived! Earl S. Sergeant home about a week ago from overseas where he served with the 116th en gineers. He was stationed at Anglers in a replacement camp, where there j Although he ] were about 29,000 men. never went over the top he was under j fire at times, when he was sent to the | * front in charge of replacement men. j * One of these occasions was during the j * obsta- ♦ great Argonne battle. The cles our boys had. to overcome there, i ♦ he said, can not he imagined. The j ♦ ?oX ttn for ha four ee yJ?s^nd 'tad "holes , ♦ (ini: for protection ill through the ♦ forest elaborate dugouts. trenches + and wire entanglements. They had ♦ machine guns located every where. ' 4* even mounted in concealed positions in trees where the gunners could look down on the American forces and ' nick them off in places where they would havebeen out of danger from gmm l.mated^n the ground ia the thick underbrush on the hillsides the i Inemy had machine guns and guns of large caliber in great numbers There has been some criticism on account of the number of men lost I in the Argonne battle." he said, "but I there knows there was no other way!* t„ win Our boys had to go against endless number." of concealed and protected machine guns and an en Benched enemy who was confident : that his position was impregnable. The loss was not heavy when the eon Hit ions are understood " While Ear! was at Anglers Law rence Watts passed through the camp having been transferred to the sixty* seventh engineers from the S. O S forces at one of the ports, where he was stationed throughout the war. He said ^wrence was looking fine. od would probably be home In the conditions i anyone who knows the to is e-T future. Glenn Barnard and Dick Bergstrom, F 1 V hâfcr ;; m 5a : : 'H A - v? t m w&L j i j ! i I m m I 7 rT 'M Ar IM 1 ■ Si,; j j j J , j : j J V One of the last acts of Theodore Roosevelt was his final approval of the screen version of his life and works. It is called "The Fighting Roosevelts." Almost at the same time he dedicated to thé Na tional Red Cross the royalty he was to receive for the picture "until the last American soldier is home from Europe." His last thought was of America and her sons in foreign lands. I who are with the we re at Anglers while Dutro there, but he did not learn of their presence until after they had gone. When asked what he thought of j France. Si-argent Dutro said he guessed it was all right, hut not for i him. After seeing something of Mex- j ico, Canada and England, and quite , a bit of France, the United State#, he [ said, looked good to hilft. ''1 MtlfVe , He en things." he concluded, "and am ready to take my place as a citizen I i have never thought much about politics, until recently, hut some of j the things I saw makes me glad that j j i am old enough to vote." None of the boys who left American ' ^ p a i|s have come home showing great- ! ' Pr development, both mental and : physical, than Seargeant Dutro. He has suddenly merged from boyhood ; into the flower of manhood, physi- | i (;a |ly perfect and mentally alert. H1 b j almost three years of service have probably done more for him than ten years of civilian experience would have accomplished. Sergeant Dutro, after a few days visit with his slater. Mrs. Bert Black burn, left for Rainier, Oregon, for a visit with liis parents. Mr. and Mrs. ] Dutro, after which he will I return to American Falls to take up ! the duties of a civilian. ,, The snow is going very fast here and 318th engineers, was ROY AND VICINITY. i I now. On the divide and near the foot Mils the snow is very deep. Mr. and Mrs. Forest. Carson . , , , , children returned last week from a visit to relatives and frienda at Day * * * ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ RECLAMATION MEETING CALLED. ♦ ♦ * Mill Organize Assentation for Power County at (he Courthouse on Next Tuesday Evening Purpose of Assoelatlon is to Boost Appro print ion by Congress. i ♦ j ♦ , ♦ A meeting for the purpose of organizing a reclamation association for ♦ ♦ Power county, to co-operate with a recently organized state aszmcta + lion, has been called for the court room In the courthouse next Tues- ♦ ♦ day evening. ' 4* Maurice .Myers ... , + of the slate association, that he will be here on 4 meeting was accordingly (alien ' ♦ The primary purpose of the association will be to co-operate with ♦ *• the state association in inducing congress to begin big development ♦ projects in Idaho. Primarily these projects are designed to provide ♦ <• for our soldiers, hut In a general way they will bring great benefits ♦ i ♦ to the state and the people as a whole. 4- No part of Idaho stands to benefit more than Power county, ♦ Hruman project and the extension of the Fort Hall canal vitally con ♦ cern all our people. This development ZTmiï I I ♦ and it is to our interests to see that thsee projects if possible are in * I ♦ eluded in the great nation-wide program that is being considered Recently, at a well attended meeting In Pocatello, at which dele gates from each of the twenty-six counties in the Snake River Valley ♦ ♦ were present, a State Reclamation Association was formed for the pur * pose « a..i.Ung in ^curing nec«.sary rectanvau«, *PProprtatlon. In ♦ ♦ congres, and for giving due publ city to the claims of Idaho for the * : * '»rge amount of reclamation development that she Is entitled to. ♦ ♦ Major Fred R. Reed was elected * e< \ re T ' 1 .. ... . f .. ♦ and its activities have been commenced In a "'»" ner W,II J' fe ' t f + ♦ in getting further reclamation work done within the state. Each of * ♦ the counties in the Association are forming county organizations along ♦ ♦ the lines of the state body. . _» + ♦ There is no man in the state more * ! th « ♦ the Snake River Valley than Major Fred R. Reed, and everyone should ♦ ♦ hear him. , . ... ._._* ♦ No one who Is interested in seeing the dam built at American F al » ♦ or In irrigating land, any place in the state, zhouîd to attend this ♦ ♦ meeting. ♦ ♦ has been advised by Major Fred R. Reed, Secretary ♦ that date, and the ♦ ♦ The ♦ i ♦ ♦ erican Falls Saturday, John Shultz and Frank Shultz were j Rockland visitors Monday I licy had to make the trip pari ol Jne way m i a sled and part of the way In u wagon, j Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Ru , tier, Monday, March 10. a son. Hie [ mother and child are getting along , nicely and are at the hospital In Alii erican Falls. I G. W. Bolen who lias been absent all winter, returned to Roy Iasi week, j Mr. and Mrs. Will Smith were vis j itors to Rockland Saturday. William Anderson and son returned ' from Omaha last week. His sister, Mrs ! Adams, and his brother, came back with them. Mr. and Mrs. Wills Kildew arrived from Missouri last week. He wants | to locate here and Is looking for a ranch. He sold out a couple of years ago. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Cooper and Earl Cooper were Rockland visitors Saturday. Quite a crowd of the Roy young peo pie attended the dance at Cedar Hill Saturday night. ] IL D. Cox and Clark Cowman went to Rockland Friday. Van Hesaner and Otto Reiman were Rockland visitors Saturday. Morn , to Mr. and Mrs. Many Sager on St. Patrick.s day, a son. Ralph Newman was an American Falls visitor the first of the week The St. i'atrlck's dance at Roy Mon day night had a good attendance and a good time is reported by all. it Ion, Washington. John Reimann was a visitor to Am a Irrigation meeting Tuesday night. LOAN WOMEN AND THE LIBERTY State Chairman for Idaho Teils What They Have Done. Women always bear a heavy bur var. The heartaches always women den in remain much longer, but make their fight as determinedly as the men and do not falter until the victory hits been achieved. The women of Idaho have suppor ted the war with all the vigor that characterises the brave women of the west and they realise that although the. fighting at the front is ended there remains a great task before it can be said that the war is over. In former Liberty loans they have given splendid support and in (he coming Victory Liberty Loan which will be the last, they can be relied upon to come forward with enthusl that will make their record an in asm spiratlon for women of the future. I do not expect u single request on the part of women chairmen asking relief from duty in the coming cam paign in April and already l have had assurances from many member* of our organization that they will ''see *. ï 17 t /' had m Ru Hie Alii vis Mrs back a and i \ - , TtRESA M. GRAHAM it through" and "finish Hie Job." as did our hoys in khaki and blue and os more than a million are yet doing abroad.. A feature of the coming Victory Loan that appeals with special em phasis lo (he women Is that a part of the money will cure for these wounded heroes so that they may he self-supporting I have yet to hear of a wounded Yank who bemoaned'his fate or did not feel that Ills misfortune was less than that of other brave men. Men who lost an arm, a leg. an eye, or even nil these, declare they did not lose them but "gave them." When these boys give with such spirit we can not Stand back when asked to loan to u government that has never repudiated a debt and is willing to pay good Interest. The women of Idaho will not he found wanting in the Victory Loan. MRS. T. M. GRAHAM. ho are to lie rehabilitated ANNOUNCEMENT. or not. John L. McKown Buys Intercsl In Leader Hardware Uonipau) and WHI Haie Charge of Tinning and Plumbing Departments. of got to John L. McKown, pioneer tinner and plumber of American Kalin, has gone hack to his first love. He has purchased an Interest In the leader Hardware Company, and will have charge of the tinning and plumbing departments, and will be ready for business on the first of April. Mr. McKown haa devoted the greater part ol his life to this work, and followed it three fourths of the way across the United States. He was one of the founders of the Oliver it McKown Hardware Company, and after leaving that Institution operated a tinning and plumbing establishment of his own for several years, and samples of his work are scattered all over southeast ern Idaho. He has a peculiar genius for making things that are different— things for which no pattern exists, but can make It if it is made of sheet metal. For the past two pr three sea sons he has been selling farm machin ery with southern Idaho as his ter ritory, and has been kept away from home the greater part of the time. His new association will enable him to he at home most of the time, which was a factor in deciding to make the new alliance. + « ♦ ♦ LEADER HARDWARE CO President Wilson and the Ameri can delegate* to the peace conference have agreed that the League of Na tion* constitution need* amending. It la probable that the immigration que* tion and the Monroe doctrine will he ercepted by the Americans, In order to meet objections In this country that will defeat the ratification of the con stitution submitted. -The plan adopted tentatively a few weeks ago, and the brought to this country. Is the one British plan. The American plan was voted down by the convention. Senator Chafnbertain has cabled to Secretary Baker, asking that the An aell letter on court* martial be re leased for publication. The senator Is going after the court martial Injus tice roughshod. Hostility to America is said to he increasing In Russia. • Mexico has been asked to safeguard the lives of Americans. ♦ SEX .IVOR M'kOWN PLEASED WITH WORK OF LKGISLATIKK Believes Record Mas Made for Con structive Legislation Allard Made Good Member Governor Da via Won Esteem of All Members. Senator John L. McKown returned from Boise last Thursday with his family, well satisfied with his win ter's work. Ills legislative experience was pleasant, notwithstanding the fact that It cost hint about $t'oo more than he received as compensation. Senator McKown spoke In the most complimentary manner of the standing and work of Representative Allard in the house, who, he . aid, was re garded ns one of its best members. He was too modest to say anything of his own record. and it is only fair to him to s») that 1m early won the con fidence of his associates and held it throughout the session. He wus one of the liest committee workers of the upper body, and did his share in the shaping of Hie legislation of the ses sion. Chief among these measures "as the state reorgan I zution bill which consolidated '4S dopiirtmtmln under nine heads, and fixed responsi bility. so that the people can hold the ones responsible who are derolect In the performance of thetr dudes. The new primary law, the good roads measures and the bonded warehouse bills come next in his estimation. Hut there were many measures which ap pealed to him us having great merit. Senator McKown was amazed at. tlie conditions disclosed when a finan cial survey was made of the state's affulrs. The condition, lie said, might tie compared to a farm whore the owner hud made no improvements for four yeurs, either In the way of new buildings to tuko care of the growth ot his business, or for upkeep, nor purchased nor repaired any of his ma chinery oit replaced any live stock. Such a farmer, he said, would find u big hill facing him all ill once, and lie would either have to make largo expenditures or go out of business. Tilts was the condition on Junuary B. Coal had to he bought before the legislative halls could he heated. No supplies wore provided for the leg islature. and four days were wasted In gettlug them. There wore no keys to the desks of members, and It wan necessary to spend $20 for keyH be fore the members could open their dusks. The statelimise tools anil equip ment was worn out or missing. Even the typewriters belonging to the leg islature were gone, and some of them were never found. There will be nothing like this hap pen two year* from now, he said. Instructions were given those In charge of the property to make un In ventory of it. and to turn It over to the proper custodians unit take re ceipts for It. if uny more typewriters are sold for 111 somebody will bn held responsible for It. Senator McKown confessed to hav ing learned more about Idaho dur ing the sixty day session than h« thought there wus to learn. He said the state had helped to educate him. to Jar him out of the nurrow rut In which he was travsllng, whether It received its money's worth In servies» or not. From now on, he said, he would take more Interest In public affairs Ilian he hud In the pusl, whether he ever returned to the legislature or not. Governor Davis, said the Senator, won the confidence and friendship of every member of the legislature and of the people from over the slate who came In contact with him. "Idaho'* got u real governor," was a remark frequently heard, especially! during the latter part of the session When Senate Mill No. 19, the state reorgan ization bill, was introduced, there at once sprang Into existence a formid able opposition. "We won't stand" for this feature or that, members said. But one by one the features were ex plained and It was pointed out the reason for them and what they would do, and opposition waned and ull but disappeared. When the session earn« to an end members who had said they would not stand for the hill went home shouting for Davis, and predict ing big things as a result of the pas sage of the measure. Governor Davis, he concluded, ban got a big Job on his hands In work ing the state government over under the terms of the bill, hut nearly all the members of the legislature, with out regard to party, and most of the people who have watched the trend of events, are confident that he will make u great record, and give to the state something it has not had In re cent years, a business government. He has grown greatly In public ea teem, and the hardest part of his administration Is past, because we who know hire know that he has the ability to make good, now that he haa the machinery to work with. Notice of Teachers' Examination. There will be a teachers' <-xamlna tion In Idaho l-aw and t'lvics. Manual of ihe Course of Study, and High school curriculum, for applicants for endorsements of certificates. Satur day. March 22nd, 1919. GOLDIE DRAKE County HuperlntcndenL This Means You. Every Red Cross worker In every branch and auxlllaty In Power coun ty. Including senior*, Junior* and any one who will help with the work, try to do something each day for the next two month* for the women and children of Europe.