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POWER AND THE FARM
Power on the farm is an Item of 1 such importance even to the farmers of a comparatively new territory like Power county, where power farming is just In Its infancy, that a great deal of attention must be paid to the prop coordinatlon In the implements us-1 er ed with the tractor or power machine employed to do the work. Too often the plow or disk Is purchased and made to fit the tractor when the trac tor should he equipped to use the a 1 I I ' I ! I I 1 ! f V V \ a W f it ■ ./ i PUT 'YOUR MONEY WHERE IT IS SAFE . 'ft » I I j I ! ■* ««ni \ N7 T A National Bank is an absolutely safe place to put your because the United States Government is behind it. money treat THEM. Ask our patrons how we MAKE OUR BANK YOUR BANK The first National Bank «*■ Ur,wits ($55,575.0$ Capital and Surplus (65,000 Vi =s t » |v »! ■ '.J i V? % I The Fall Creek Mercantile Co jg fïïWlll supply your every need. It is in business for ^ your health, your comfort and your appearance. Progressive business principles with conservative buy ing keeps our stock new and fresh and gives you the best buying opportunity offered in American Falls. IJ"lf it's anything to Eat or Wear you'll find it at § . «j -r* 5 ... 4 ■ g 9 - The Fall Creek Mercantile Company H§ & • 4! P » .1 I Trac 1 plow to the best advantage. tors of various makes are in use now 1 over the county and the work being done with them Is largely In the ex ! perimental stage. 1 The following extract from an ar tide in the "Motor Record" by F. N. (1. Kranich, agricultural engineer of the Hyatt Roller Hearing company gives some interesting facts about hitching plows to tractors and the draft of Implements and tractors. ly Hitching. The hitching of a plow to any sort of tractor frequently defeats all the work that the plowman has put in on the bottom. Perhaps most of us who go to demonstrations have noticed this every year. We find plows of the same make, in practically the same soil and at same speed, doing work of very different quality. To any one watching the demonstration last season at Salina, this was ap parent. The variation was caused by the fact that the plows were hitched differently. To know just how plows should be hitched to get the best re sults 1 h difficult to determine. (1. of The tractor man. of course, wants a hitch'in the center. That is ideal. Hts purpose is to make the best show ing for the tractor. The plowman wants to hitch in what he*calls the "center line of draft." The plow that has been designed for that runs best and does Its best work when hitched that way. Professor Sanbourn some tests in Missouri, found that 55 per cent of the total draft of the plows was used to cut the furrow, 35 per cent In friction of the sole and 1 heel on the soil and 10 per cent in I lifting load. At Winnipeg tests made several years ago two gangs of men I plowed in adjacent fields, cutting the ' same depth with the same number of I bottoms, being checked by the same ! observer, yet the final result showed I the draft of one gang to be about I 50 per cent more than that of the oth 1 er. It was found to be a question of ! proper hitching and sharp plows. The load on all three wheels of the plows in a I should be equal. Any operator can I check this readily by taking hold of j the wheels and slipping them on the I ground, determining whether a plow ! is set l ight. The rear wheel bothers ! most, of us. The draft of the plow can ordinarily be increased as much as 20 per cent by having the rear wheel set wrongly, the plow riding on the sole or the heel. Most plows have a loose piece on the rear end of % FRANK PARR REAL ESTATE, FARM LOANS, INSURANCE Loans Made on Stock Ranches IF YOU WANT TO INSURE, BUY, SELL OR BORROW. SEE ME. I SHIES Bldg. Americas Falls the land side that can be removed and changed as it wears. This piece fre quently rubs on the bottom of the furrow. The tractor operator can easily adjust the rear wheel on near ly all modern plows; provision is made for just that thing. We can make the best showing by getting a proper hitch and properly adjusting the plow. Draft of Implements and Tractors. The draft varies all the way from 3 to in excess of 20 lb. per square Inch of furrow section. In sandy soils, like those in Michigan and around the lakes, the draft will run 3 lb.; in soils In Illinois and Texas 20 gome lb.; and In the west much more, is, therefore, well worth while train operators to understand thor oughly the hitching of the plows. It is important that the plow be so set that the tractor can do its best work. We find tractors advertised as two it to plow ,three-plow and four-plow, but in practice iu some conditions "two plow" tractors will hardly pull one bottom. In other cases they can pull three. The center line of draft on plows is often talked of mysteriously. It is assumed by most plowmen that this center line of draft is about 2in. in side the land side of a bottom, and In the same proportion in two, three and four-bottom units. Some tests were made this summer by Professor White to find the center line of draft on a 1 plow; in other words, to determine definitely the point of least resist ance, rather than assume it to be "2-dn." position. I had the privilege of working with him. The test dis closed some curious things. We had | a tractor with a drawbar the total i width of the machine, with I ! punched In it every 2 in. all the way j across; in other words, a drawbar; that gave us an opportunity to hitch I from the outside of one wheel on the ^ holes right to the outside of the other wheel on the left. The purpose was to take two, three and four bottom j gangs, move the hitch and make dynamometer tests to find the point where the plow pulled "lightest," the assumption being that this would na turally indicate the line of least re sistance—in other words, the center line of draft. We found, however, that the hitch by which the plow could be pulled most easily did not necessarily determine the center line Better Save Than Beg Or Better After the Revolution, when questions of National finance were uppermost in the minds of all who desired the prosperity and success of the new government, Benjamine Franklin remarked: it A small increase in in dustry in every American male and female, with a small diminuation of luxury, would produce a sum far superior to all we can hope beg or borrow from all our friends in Eu to 1 | i rope. This observation of Franklin has its application to the building of a home. A little more industry, a little denial ot luxuries, and one might add, a little foresight, will combine to make home ownership a reality. One of the strongest in ducements to the habit of saving Is having in mind all the time a definite purpose; and of all the definite purposes one might have, none Is more worthy, none sounder economical ly and none more promotive of happiness and security than the building of a home. The man who today saves for buying a home does so be cause he can look a little farther into the future than the man who goes on spending all his earnings while tliving in a rented house, and leaves the "future to take care of itself." He lacks the imagination to project himself into the future ten, fifteen or twenty years, to a period of his life when own ership of a home would afford him the peace and comfort that no other possession can give. I j I ^ HOME BUILDERS FOR IDAHO PEOPLE j <</ 'A o o a H. W. GROTHE ■o U ! > t/i < o SALES MANAGER AMERICAN FALLS, IDAHO /DaHQ Ma hufac. turc *s Western Soft Pine of draft. The plow ran lightest when it was hitched on one side, but the quality oft the plowing was very bad. We found that this was due to the fact that the plow was hitched badly. This was evident even In a photo graph. It was such a poor job of plowing that 1 believe the farmer would have ordered us off the field If we had not contracted to do the work to his satisfaction.