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THE LAMAR REGISTER.
VOLUME IV. }V» are here ivith our usual large stock. l TvTr!flwF stoves. Ry the Thousand, Light and Heavy Waeons, Farm and Freight Wayons, Onen and Top Buggies, Road Carts. Plows of all kinds, Harrows. Farm Machinery, Windmills. Wooden and Iron Pumps, No such stock io south-east Colorado, as you will Find in tlxis Store A LARGE AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF ALL' Kinds oi Garden and Field Seeds. GROCERIES BT THE QAR &0&D8 jA t. Prices That Parallze all Oom.p>©titioxc, Jgdtelf 1 Jlcauy ifovdwave. Builders Material A Specialty. M, L. Swift & Co. V»io Srwt, • * LAMAR, COLORADO- LAMAR, COLORADO, SATURDAY, JAN. 11, 1890. Nearly everybody in this section of ' country have visited the ruins of Old i Fort Lyon and will be interested in the following history found in a let- I ter from Las -Animas to the Denver j Republican: OI.D FORT WISE. i Old Fort Lyon was at first called ! Fort Wise, but in 1861 it was changed to Foi t Lyon in honor of that brave and gallant Union general of the .-aine name, and changed from Fort ; Wise because Governor Wise proved a trator 10 his Government and joined the rebel forces. The first regular military post in Rent county was Bent’s new fort, named by the Government Fort Wise. It was garrisoned by four companies of the First cavalry. Colonel Sedg wick commanding, in 1660. The troops had come out on an Indian campaign iu 1850. Mere he was joined by two companies of the Tenth infantry. A. B. Miller, since of Den ver, was post tracer. A. T. Winser of Lexington, Missouri, was next, and he was succeeded by Stewart & ' Shrewsbury. Upon the opening ot the w.»r in 1861, the regular troops were succeeded iiy various detach ments of volunteers, usually Coloia do cavalry. A notable war incident—perhaps the most important that occurred on Colorado soil—was the capture, in 1862, by Captain Otis’company. First c&valry, of a party of fifteen to twen ty Confederate volunters under Cap tain McKee. The capture was made on Clay creek. McKee had organ ized his recruits in Denver and was heading for Texas. The same year i baud of peaceable Indians, known is the Caddo*, having b en compell . d to leave Texas on account of their fidelity to the Union, the Govern ment undertook to locate them on the Arkansas. For thi» purpose a site selected by General Wright at the mouth of the creek, still known as Caddo, where three large stone buildings were erected, designed as quarters. A few of the Caddo* came up and inspected tint place, but de cided not to accept it, and the prepa rations for their accommodation were accordingly discontinued. The place was occupied by John W. Prowers, in 1863, as a ranch, from which he furnished supplies to the troops. In 1863 the Indian agency was re moved from Big Timber (now Old Fort Bent) to Point of Rocks, near the mouth of Cuddoa creek, and now called Fort Lyou. In 1864 Captain Wynkoop was in command of Old Fort Lyon, and on November 25 of the same year he was succeeded as post commander by Captaiu Autho ny. At this time Old Fort Lyon was garrisoned by a company two of Col orado volunteers and a section ol the Ninth Wisconsin artillery. The settlers were few and far be tween. Colonel Boon’s, eighty miles west of Fort Lyon, a stage station at j Bent’s old fort, R. M. M/>ore and ! Bent at the mouth of the Pargatoirc. John W. Prowers at the mouth of Caddoa, and Fort Lyon, comprised the white settlement on the Arkansas. On the 27th of November these settlers witnessed Colonel Chiving ton, with a regiment of what were known as “100-day men,” including a cotnpny of Mexicans, marching down the Arkansas from the direr i tion of Pueblo, anesting all persons ; found on the way and placing guards Jat the ranches and stations. Reach i iug Fort Lyon on the 29th he at once! i assumed command. That night, with | the additional troops available at the i fort, he started for the Indian village j on Sandy, thirty miles distant, taking Robert Bent as guide. The battle or massacre of Sandy creek followed, ! and as it has so often and so well J been written np your correspondent will enter into uo details concerning it. The Indian loss was heavy, while the whites lost about a dozen, most of them dying from arrow wounds iii the hospital at Fort Lyon. An incident connected with the wounded in this battle is related by Ft. L. Lambert of this city, who was at that time stationed at Fort Lyon in the employ of the Government. In digging graves for the killed it was found one grave too many was dug. The wounded soldiers in the hospital then played a game of cards to see who should finally occupy it. Sure enough, the soldier winning soon died and was buried in the ex Ira grave. In 1865 Fort Lyon was garrisned by Company G Second United States cavalry and two companies of volun teers. Captain David S. Gordon post commander. In tbe fall ot same ■year the cavalry company was re lieved by Company I. Third infantry; with Lieutenant I. W. Hamilton as post commander. On November Ist Company G. of same regiment ar lived at Fort Lyon, and Lieutenant R. A. Belger assumed command. In tfio fall of 1866, two companies of the same Seventh cavalry reached Ihe fort, and Captaiu G. Robeson, brother of Secretary Robeson assum ed command. Robeson remained in command until the spring of 1867, when he was relieved by Captain \V. H Penrose, Company I. Third infan try, Brevet brigadier general.* That spring there was a great flood in Ar kansas, caused by unprocedeut rains which caused the Arkansas to overflow all its bottom lands, with the water two feet deep in Fort Lyon The troops were obliged to vacate tbe fort and lake to tents on the adjoining bluffs. This abandonment proved to be per. uianent. Captain Kirk with a force of mechanies proceeded westward about twenty-five miles, to the pres ent site of Fort Lyon. This was about June 1, 1867—that improve ments began which culminated in N'-w Fort Lyon, or Fort Lvon of the present dav—ihe former abandoned lort being known as Old Fort Lvon On June 11 the post commander moved hia headquarters and com mand to the site of New Fort Lyon, where tho troops went into cainp. A little later Company G. of the ! Thirty-seventh infantry, was added |'o tbe command. In June three members of this company were killed Iby the Indians, being surprised at I Pleasant Encampment. The Indians frequently fired into the stages, and these W’ere frequently robbed. The year 1868 the Indians were unususually bad. Thev not only at tacked travelers and freighter* along the routes of travel, but killed and drove off the stock of the settlers. K. R. Sizer, J. VV. Prowers, William Bent, Thomas Boggs and Kit Car son’s estate, alj Inst stock, and sever al herders were killed. Sizer’s ranch on the Purgatoire was attacked sev eral times aud his barn burned. The soldiers from Fort Lyod were fre quently called out to guard ranches or rescue the Inhabitants from the Indians. When the danger was the greatest the settlers on the Lower Purgatoire gathered at Boggsville, ibout a mile from this town, for pro tection and defense, and those in Nine-Mile Bottom at the ranch of Urial Higbee. September 8 a con certed attack was made all along the line. Thomas Kinsey, a judge of election, was killed on his way from Sizer’s ranch to the voting place at Boggsville. The soldiers from the fort, under General Penrose, started in pursuit, chased the Indians about twenty-five miles south of the fort, killing four with the loss of two sol diers, yet the Indians succeeded in driving off a lot of stock. A month later on the next full moon the Indians again appeared about 300 strong. But tho settlers and troops were expecting them and presented so formidable a front that the Indians withdrew without attack ing. Yet they again succeeded in driving off and killing a large quan tity of stock. In leaving they devi* a ted from their usual course and went to the valley of the Bis Sandy, attack ed the train of George Pool, captur ed a wagon containing Mrs. Flynn. From this captivity Mrs. Flynn never escaped, but was killed the next win ter by the squaws. In the Autumn of 1808 a mammoth expedition was organized against the Indians at Fort Lyon, under General Carr. General Penrose went in ad vance with the Tenth cavalry and parts of the Third and Fifth infantry. General Carr followed with the Fifth cavalry and a company of the Third infantry. But the expedition was re sultless, and the grand army march ed back without striking a blow. Yet no doubt it should receive credit for its moral effect on the Indians, as there were no more raids on the Purgatoire. General Penrose arrived at Fort Lyon, February 16, 1569, and soon after the settlers returned to their several ranches, and travel aud freighting again resumed. As Fort Lyon is how abandoned there is no way of getting access to the records so as to give in a satis factory way the list chronologically of its subsequert post commanders. These two forts are now things of the past. They are the nueclus of most interest and important historic al events, and as such would it not be a good and patriotic scheme for the Government to donate tor the benefit of the disabled soldiers the land and the buildings occupied by the present site of Fort Lyon to es tablish a soldiers’ home for Colorado. Here are numerous, and many of them, costly buildings and all in good state of repair, and with good shade and a good system of water works, and with but a little expense could be put into excellent shape for such a home. If these buildings are offered for sale they will bring but comparatively little, for the purpose of a soldiers* home they would save the state many thousands of dollars, while the Government would be doing a generous and a noble act, and insure the home in a beautiful and fertile valley and in the midst of as fine a climate as can be found any when- in our broad country. I have been very much amused from time to time, especially in trav eling, by watching the efforts of m< n to become acquainted with either myself or some other woman to whom they bad no means of being properly presented. It always seems to me that in such cases I should show more discretion and skill than the poor man does. Either he is too crude and walkß boldly up with some off-hand re marks, frequently invoking only a chilling uionosylable of reply, or he sits at a distance and makes eyes un til one is forced to avert one’s face and become absorbed in the land scape or a book, or he opens a con versation with an aim at ouce so au dacious and so embarrassed that he feels and shows his own doubt as to whether the advance is an insult or not. One troublo with those poor fel lows is the masculine inability to read faces and to feel atmospheres. That wonderful quality known as in stinct in animals and intuitive pre ception in children aud women is nearly absent in the inale character, being rather clumsily substituted by what they call reason. Now reason can never tell a man whether a woman is willing to enter into casual companionship with him, and so he is like a heavy dragoon at tacked by guerrillas; he is iufinitely stronger and more formidable than his enemy, but ho can’t get around so q lickly, and generally ends by retreating. On the other hand, a woman, while uever looking once toward the man, knows all about him, has made up her mind whether he is “nice” or “horrid/* dangerous or safe, a Jrar* 1 NUMBER 31. or promisiug interest. If she is willing: to make his ac quaintance she lias twenty little ways of doing it, and if she is a lady and woman of the world she will do it in such a fashion that he will think ho does it himself. So what I would recommend is an added chair at all the universities, a Professor of Intuition for Young Men—a course of the sixth sense. This being properly developed, the traveling man (uncommercial) will probably learn to preceive at once what kind of a woman she is whom he wishes to approach, aud what kind of advance will be most gra ciously received by her; for alter all I don't mind confessing that most women are willing to be “spoken to” if it be only done in the right fashion, and with pure and honest respect; for we are social creatures, and gen erally willing to let our light, such as it may be, shiue forth, and, if only with the power of a farthing candle, Illuminate this dark and drowsy world. —Mrs. Frank Leslie in New York Journal. The Henry Ditch company are fill ing their Prowers county reservoirs. The two reservoirs arc of sufficient size to store enough water for the ir rigable necessities of twenty-five thou sand acres of land. This will be of great benefit to the farmers when the dry season of next summer comes iiDon them and the river is at its lowest stage. They need not partic ularly depend upon the channel sup ply but by lapping the reservoir can be supplied with plenty of water for temporary purposes. It w’ould be far better if the Henry ditch was marked with a complete system ot reservoirs throughout its length, even though they would have to be of diminutive size, as there has never been a season yet that there has not been a scarcity of water complained of, and the reservoirs would forever quiet all such complaints.—Las Ani mas Leader. Banana Line. Free reclining chair-cars are run via “Santa Fe Route” between Den ver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, To peka, Kansas City, Ft. Madison, Galesburg and Chicago. Two trains daily between all eastern and west ern points. Fast line to San Diego, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Pullman Tourist Cars for all Califor nia points. Shore Line to City of Mexico. Round trip tickets on sale at reduced rates to all principle Tex as, Pacific and Gulf Coast points, al so City of Mexico. Direct line to the celebrated Las Vegas Hot Springs New Mexico. Colorado Headquarters for this popular line 1700 Lawrence St. Den ver, Colo. California Excursions. Are you going to California? If ho, read the following, and find out how much it will coat yon, and what you can get for your money: The SANTA FE ROU TE runs weekly excursions (every Friday) from Kansas City and points west to San Francisco, Los Angeles, Sau Diago and other Pacific Coast points. The ticket rates are the regular sec ond-class rates —$35 —from the Mis souri River to principal California points. Pullman Tourist Sleeping- Cars are furnished. These cars run through, without change, from Kan sas City to destination. The charge for berths is remarkably low, being $3.00 for a double berth from Kan sas City to California. The Pullman Compnuy furnish mattresses, bed ding, curtaius and all sleeping-car ac cessories, including the services of a porter, with each car. The parties are personally conducted by experi enced excursion managers, who give every attention to passengers, insur ing their oomfort and convenience. For more complete information re garding these excursions, rates tick ets, sleeping-car accommodations, dates, etc., address G*o T. Ntcuopsoir, G. P. A T. A. A., T. * S. F. R. R. Topeka, Kansas*