Newspaper Page Text
The Lamar Register.
8 Pages VOLUME XVII. THE RICHES IN BEET SUGAR Great Future for the New Industry Is Pre» dieted by Secretary Wilson«'Sees End of Importation. Washington, Jan. 0.—“I expect to live to see the time when the farm ers of the United States will produco enough beet sugar to supply the en tire demand for local consumption and have a surplus for export,” said Secretary Wilson yesterday' ‘‘I expect to live to see homemade beet sugar selling in our village grocer ies for 2c a pound, with a good prof it to the farmer who grows the beets, to the men who own the factories and the merchants who supply the market. I am firmly convinced that we will get down to 2c sugar and have all we need of it when the econ omies have been developed and put in practice. We are green now; we are cbildreu, mere beginners in the business, and have a great many things to learn about it, but if we apply the great American genius to this thing, the genius that has made us the foremost producing nation on earth, we will teach the old world how to grow a crop of sugar and make money out of it. We have many advantages over the European producers, In the old countries la bor is cheap to be sure, and women and children work in the iields alongside cf the men folks, which our farmers will never permit their wives and daughters to do, but they have to pay high rents for their lands and large sums for fertilizers, while we have as much free land as any body can possibly want for a century to come, and will be using the virgin soil all that time. “Nothing has occurred in Presi dent Roosevelt’s administration,” continued Secretary Wilson, “which will lift bis reputation higher or benefit the American people more than the irrigation law that was pass ed by the last congress. And it means more to the beet sugar industry than to any other interest. The moment you build a dam and a ditch and turn the water on the soil on the desert, sugar beet seed will be plant ed, because it is a ready money crop in the first place and will provide for the farmer’s stock, for his horses, oxen, cattle, sheep and hogs until he can raise alfalfa and other fodders; and when we get the beet sugar in dustry fairly going in this country it will be found that the pulp, the resi due of the beet after the juice has been squeezed out, is a very valuable by product. Its value is not to be measured alone by the actual money received for it, but by the opportuni ty and encouragement it offers to dairying, stock breeding and feeding. The people of this country have not yet begun to appreciate the useful ness of sugar beet pulp. Even the older factories have not yet been able to dispose of it at its real value. The new factories have to pav people to haul it away, but the farmers are beginning to use for feeding purposes and some of the beet sugar compan ies are buying cattle to fatten them on it, as distillers do with their re fuse. Pretty soon stockmen and dairymen will begin to realize its value as fodder, and it will prove to be a valuable by product. I have sent a man to Germany to study this matter, and soon expect to have some reports from him that will be of great interest to the sugar beet man ufacturers and the farmers and diary* men who live in the vicinity of the factories. “Another very important consider ation in this connection is the intro duction of American made machinery and implements both to the factory find in the field. When our people first began to make beet sugar, the farmers who raised the beets found it a back-breaking business, but our inventors, who are always ready to seize an opportunity to lighten la bor and multiply the results, saw that it was up to them to furnish proper implements and machinery. Before long they will not only re lieve the farmer largely from manu al labor, but will provide tools that will enable him to do more work and produce better results than now You can trust Yankee genius to tak* care of that situation. It has al ready supplied machinery for the factories which is much superior to that used in any other part of the world. “The first sugar factory establish ed in the United States had to im port apparatus because it had never been made in this country, but our manufaturers soon got it, and now they are giving us much superioi and more economical machinery than we can find any where else in the world. The old factories are dis carding their German and French machinery, and are substituting American machinery for it. We are now able to entirely equip a factory with American made machinery which is less cumbersome and more economical. It will get more juice out of the beets with less fuel and less attention, and the manufactures are bringing out every spring new and cheaper contrivances forseeding, cultivating and harvesting, so as to economize in horse power and hu man labor and cheapen the cost of production. “The farmer now gets an average of $4 50 a ton for low-grade beets and an increase for each additional percentage of sugar. In some of the states out West beets run as high as $0 a ton, and eyen higher, and there is good money in raising beets at that price. “I don’t know much about the profits of the manufacturers. That is not my line of inquiry. I deal with farmers and try to keep posted in tegard to everything that affects their interest, but I assume that there is a good profit in the business or the factories would not be spring ing up as rapidly as they are. No other new industry in the United States is developing so rapidly, and perhaps none has even grown so fast; money makes the mare go in the beet sugar business as in everything else. “I came to Washington March 4, 1897, from the lowa agricultural col* lege, where I bad been experiment ing with beet sugar for six years, and had become deeply interested in the subject Even then I was satis tied that the United States could produce its own sugar, and would do so before many years. With this faith in my soul, when I entered the larger field offered by the agricult ural department, I began at once to promote the industry to the best of my ability. I began to import sugar beet seed and distribute it among the farmers. I ordered a survey for the study of the climate, the soil and other conditions, to ascertain what sections of the country were most favorable for the business and to se cure all possible information of val ue. This policy and the efforts of the department were cordially sup ported by congress and the farmers throughout the country, and we have been able to demonstrate what are the best localities, the best Boils, the best climates and the best varieties of ornciili ITEWBPAPEB OS' PRCTZTERS COVUTY LAMAR, PROWERS COUNTY, COLORADO, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 14, 1903. beotH for the' purpose. “With this encouragement the in dustry has developed very rapidly. By the ceusuj of 1800 there were only four factories in the United States, which produced about 3,000 tons of beet sugar during that year. In 1001 there were 45 factories, which produced 184,000 tons. The returns for the last crop—loo2— which is now boing ground, haye not vet been received, but we calculate t-hat the yield will reach 200,000 tons. The industry is not limited to one locality. The 45 factories are dis cributed in the following states. New York 2;Wisconsin 1 Michigan 10 Oregon 1 Jolorado 5 Washington 1 Utah 0 California 8 Nebraska 3 VI i n nesota 1 Total 45 Jhio 1 “In 1001 the domestic sugar pro duced in the United States and our insalar possessions was as follows: Tons Tons. Beet sugar.. 184,000 of 1,012,951 Jane Sugar.3ll,oGl And our iin- Urom Philip- portations pines 75,000 were 1,529,724 Proin Porto Muking the Rico 92,(XX) total oon- Prom Hawaii3so,ooo su mption 2,542,675 Making total “Thus you will see that the Unit ed States and our insular possessions supplied about two-iifths of our sugar supply in 1901. In 1902 there will be a decided increase all around. The new beet sugar factories which I have mentioned will double the ca pacity and bring the beet sugar pro duct of the United States up to half a million tons. I expect that the crop of 1903 will show that we are ptoducing one-half of the sugar we consume, and that in five years mtore we will surely grow two-thirds, if not three fourths of our sugar. “Do you realize what this means ?” exclaimed Secretary Wilson. “Last year we paid $122,000,000 for import edsugar and that money will gradual ly be turned into the pockets of our own farmers. “It will take 500 factories with a daily capacity of 500 tons each, or 250 factories with a daily capacity of 1,000 tons each to satisfy the sugar eaters of the United States. By the end of 1903 we are likely to have more than 30 of those factories in operation. “We can grow sugar beets for the pulp so that the sugar we get out of them will be clear gain and we can afford to sell at 2c a pound. Anoth er important feature of the problem is to increase the tonageforthe acre. When a full crop is grown in rows 18 inches apart and the beets 8 inches apart in the row, and an average of two pounds to the beet, the possible crop is over 40 tons to the acre. Our present average is only 9.6 tons to the acie, but 20-ton averages are frequently made on well conducted farms and in the Og den Valley this last fall they got 38 tons to the acre. Countv Notes. I From the Holly Chieftain] The owners of the five and ten acre tracts up in the neighborhood of J. I. Banks built a drainage ditch this week carrying the seepage water into Horse creek. The ditch is three feet deep and 80 rods long and is carrying off the surplus water at a rate that promises to get rid of it by the time the farming season arrives. * * * Deputy Sheriff Bryce made a trip to Lamar Monday after a team, wag on and harness which the owner was taking out of the county without at tending to a little matter of settling up a certain mortgage held by the Bank of Holly. The bank got it’s money and the outfit was allowed to proceed. Messrs. Jos. Herbert, of Newton, Kansas, and Fred Mohl, of Adrain, THE NEW YORK STORE JAN. CLEARING SALE! Our store has been crowded ever since this sale opened. It shows the people appreciate REAL LIVE BARGAINS. We extend our thanks for the liberal patron age, and in order to make a clean sweep of our winter goods, we have decided to contin ue this sale for another week. It positively CLOSES SATURDAY, JANUARY 24TH. Don't stay away from this sale. It's money out of pocket to do so. The Greatest Bargains Ever Offered. 6 I-2c Light and dark outing flannel, Ladies’ all wool 25c hose as long as good weight, as long as it lasts 3*C they last Isc 10 and 121 c the best outing flannel, Misses’ and Childrens’ heavy ribbed made light or dark shades, as long as it hose all sizes, were 15c pair, as long as lasts 63c they last 9c .. 12ic heavy flannnelette, good patterns Men’s all wool $7.50 cheviot suits, for waists and wrappers, as long as if we U made and lined, now only $4.75 lasts ©3 c * ,«i « i. . i . Men's heavy Ulsters with large storm The very best bleach muslin in short lengths, sold every where at 10 and 12k C ° llarS ’ WCTC $7 - 50 ’ deaf,n * pn “ s4 ’ s ° per yard, as long as it lasts 7c Men’s heavy fleece and ribbed shirts 15c Lonsdale cambric the best cam- and drawers usually sold at 50 and 60c brie made, as long as it lasts 10c each ’ sale P n “ 39c Ladies’ extra heavy flannelette wrap- Mcn ' s wool > camel hair and silk fleec pers, m ade with long skirt ruffle, figured or ed shirts & drawers, usually sold at $ 1.25 to striped, fleece, regular price $ 1.25, now 69c s>-50a garment, as long as they last 69c Ladies’ all wool 27in Kersey Jackets Men’s dress shirts collars attached or with large storm collars, former price was detached, regular price 50 and 75c, as long $8.50, now $4.95 as they last 39c Ladies’ 30in all silk plush capes, hand- Men’s heavy sox, sold everywhere at somely embroidered, were $7.50, — $4.50 JOe per pair, as long as they last 4 pair 25c Ladies’ 75c Oneita Union suits the Men’s Jsc black and tan half hose as best fittfng garment made, now 45c long as they last 7c These prices are only for this sale which we extend until SATURDAY NIGHT, JAN. 24. THE NEW YORK STORE, COLORADO. Minnesota, arrived yesterday morn ing with a large party of farmers who are looking up new locations. The very mild weather we are hav ing-bright in mid winter —ought to convince these people that they have struck the place they have been looking for. fFrom the Granada Time#.] E. R. Bannister was down from Lamar, visiting old friends, last week. • * • Sometimes No. 4 brings the mail in the daytime and sometimes at night, but it has never failed to ar rive by the next day yet. [Same here.] * * * /Vilen T. Bilderback has taken the contract to repair the old hotel, which will probably be occupied soon and will be a vast improvement to the town when it is finished. ATTENTION STOCKMEN! We are prepaired to supply you with all kinds of Cattle and Sheep Dips and Sulphur in quan tities at lowest prices. We carry in stock Car- Sul Dip, Black Leaf, Coopers Scab Cura, (The only sheep dip recognized by the Government) Zenoline, &c. Also Stock and Condition Pow ders of all kinds. For Best Goods at Lowest Prices, give us a call. McLEAN BROS. N. N. McLEAN, Pharmacist, Manager, 8 Pages NUMBER 31