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The Lamar register. [volume] (Lamar, Colo.) 1889-1952, August 03, 1904, Image 2

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THE REGISTER
LAMAR. .... COLORADO.
The Bey of Tunis arrived In Paris
and was filled with enthusiasm.
Radium is going up to $160,000 fin
ounce. Please give us a nickel's
worth.
Business in some of the London
theaters is said to be nearly as bad
as «ome of the plays.
If that "decisive battle" at Ta Tche
Kiao comes off the news will set
everybody to sneezing.
There would be no talk of lynching
in New Jersey if justice were as swift
and sure as Jersey lightning.
The have captured
the How clear the
whole plan of campaign is now!
A summer girl who assumed the
bucolic role of milkmaid at Seabrook
on the Bay is wiow wearing a gored
skirt.
There are times when one feels it
would have been more Judicious to
put the money in a mackintosh than
in a panama.
All New York’s passenger boats
are to be inspected again. What a
fine new lock the stable always has
.after the horse is stolen!
A Kansas man has left his wife
"because she was too kind to him."
Nature hath made strange fellows in
her time.— Milwaukee Sentinel.
There is a suspicion that the Dove
of Peace has gone into training with
a view of making a public appearance
in the far East in the near future.
It is now pretty conclusively admit*
ted that the great American prune
when labeled "grown in France”
makes good eating at home or abroad. .
Ix>rd Kitchener has made up his
mind never to marry. In other words,
he wishes American girls to under
stand that he doesn't need the
*monpy.
The wail comes from Manila that
resident Americans won't go to
church. Evidently the traveled
Americans can't shake off home
habits.
The Duke of Manchester is doubt
less glad to note that Mr. Zimmerman
of Cincinnati is at the head of the
new railroad combine. There's mil
lions in it.
*
That red ant they are importing for
the cotton fields appears to serve
•the double function of killing the
boll weevil and keeping the cotton
pickers lively.
Lucky Highball! He died in the
height of his glory and will never
have to bear the other cab horses tell
him It Isn’t what you used to be but
what you are to-day.
Among the other heroines of peace ;
is the girl who gives her correct aee i
to the marriage license clerk when '
she happens to be a little older than
the man of her choice.
Mr. Rockefeller'* old school teacher
has a lot of poems he wrote when a
youth and talks about publishing
them. John D. is in for a requisition
-of 40 Harper power this time, sure.
The Columbus man who reported
to the police that a thief had stolen
his pants, made a great mistake. The
charge would have been made grand
larceny if be had thought to call 'em
trou hits.
With advancing years King Edward
is developing quieter tastes in the
matter of apparel. At Ascot he wore
• "a blue frock coat, a purple tie, white
gaiters and a red flower” —an almost
.-somber ensemble. ,
When it Is known that It took place
in Spain no further seeking is nec
essary for the cause of the darkened
spirit which led eight women to
boil a sister to death in the effort
to rid her of a demon.
He 1h a mean thief who will steal
the Jewels belonging to a bishop's
wife, but no doubt Mrs. Potter's dia
monds sparkle JiiHt as temptingly as
though they had boon the property of
some comic opera celebrity.
American citizens of Italian ances
try. and others as well may be inter
- ested to learn that the closest living
relative of George Washington is Mrs.
Attilo Moroslni. wife of a son of
Giovanni P. Moroslni. a New York
banker, who before her marriage was
Mary Washington Bund. She is a
>rreat great granddaughter of Samuel
■Washington, a brother-of the general.
If the list of American heiresses
who have secured divorces from for
eign noblesmen keeps increasing their
circle will soon be no more exclusive
or select than that of the heiresses
who capture noblemen and do not get
divorces.
A current item says that Queen
Margherita of Italy has a lace hand
kerchief worth SIO.OUO. We would
move to amend this statement by
substituting for the word “worth”
the words "that cost,” in the interest
of mere facts.
GOVERNOR PEABODY’S STATEMENT
DEFENDING HIS STRIKE POLICY
Denver. Aug I.—Governor James H.
Peabody has issued the following
statement defending his use of troops
and the arrest and deportation of men j
In the strike districts:
"To the People of Colorado:
"There is a prevalent Idea in this i
country that the proprieties which per- |
tain to the higher executive offices i
should deter their incumbents from
engaging in any controversial discus
sion of their policy or action, limiting
the executive function in that regard
to the messages that from time to
time are made to the Legislature.
"I would not at this time depart
from the observance of the rule of si
lence I have hitherto followed, did I
not believe that recent events render
such departure a duty to my state.
The unhappy conditions that have ex
isted and to a degree still exist in
three out of fifty-nine counties of the
state have been made the pretext for
the most wanton and false representa
tions of the conditions in the state at
large.
"Certain newspapers of the state of
wide circulation and influence, which
have never been distinguished, either
for support of conservative policies or
for condemning the excesses of the
one organization which has caused
our trouble, have given these misrep
resentations the widest publicity.
"Many of the people of our sister
states with faint notions of the truth
have been led to believe that Colo
rado Is in a state of anarchy ruled by
abandoned public officials who have
rendered life and liberty unsafe.
"This picture has been drawn by
certain citizens of our own state who
for selfish purposes, which are<appar
ent. seek to tarnish the fair name of a
great and prosperous commonwealth.
Alleged Misrepresentation.
"If the public press is to be credit
ed. the delegation from this state to
the recent St. l.ouis convention pic
tured before the representatives of ev
ery state in the Union the woe and
desolation and degradation the law
lessness and hopelessness of their own
state.
"Colorado deserves a better fate at
the hands of her sons.
“And again It has become the set- j
tied policy of those who hope to gain
political advantage through the mis
fortunes of the people of a few lot-all- i
ties to Inaugurate bv dally pronounce
ments a campaign of hatred and to 1
lead that large law-abiding and liberty
loving body of our citizens who belong
to labor unions to believe that 1 have
been, and still am. engaged in wag
ing a war against all union labor.
Nothing could be further*from my pol
icy or my desire.
“The considerations above stated
and many others lead me to believe
that it Is fitting and proper for me to
present to the people of this state and
to the public generally a review as
brie/ as Is consistent with the proper
understanding of the causes that led
up to the labor troubles with which I
have had to deal, and of the reasons
for the policy which has been pursued.
"Very soon after I assumed office
and on February 14. 19'i3. a strike was
declared at the ore reduction mills at
Colorado City in El Paso county by the
Colorado City Mill and Smelter Men's
Union, a branch of the Western Fed
eration of Miners. On the night of
February 14th a large number of strik
ers proceeded to one of the mills and
by show of force and threats drove the
workmen who had refused to strike
from their labor. The strikers estab
lished pickets. Employes of Jhe mills
were assaulted and conditions gradu
ally grew worse until on March 3d fol
lowing the sheriff of the county pet I- j
tioned me to send the militia, stating i
that he was unable to preserve the
peace and protect life and property. |
A petition to the same effect was also
presented at or about the same time,
signed by a very large number of the
most conservative, well known and
highly respected residents of El Paso
county, urging that I send the militia
without delay.
"This representation of conditions
and knowledge gained from other
sources Impelled me to order out a de
tachment of the National Guard for
service at and about the mills. The
strike continued, but the militia pre
served order. The mills continued to
operate. The statements made by the
opposing sides were greatly fTt vari
ance. and in order to ascertain the
truth and allay public excitement, on
the 19th day of March. 1903. I re
quested five gentlemen of acknow
ledged standing in the state: Prof. W.
F. Slocum, former Judge Charles I).
Hayt. Rev. Thomas Uzaell. Father J.
P. Corrigan and Hon Frank W. Frew
en. a member of the legislature of the
state and also at that time a member
I of the Western Federation of Miners.
| to act as a commission to investigate
I anil report to me the causes of the
trouble, and to seek, if possible, a
friendly settlement. This body was
known as the governor's commission.
I)r. Slocum was unable to serve, but
the remaining members acted and
both sides voluntarily appeared before
them and produced a mass of evidence.
"As a result of this commission's la
hors, on March 31. 1903 the officials of
the mill appeared before the commis
sion and made certain promises as to
what their course would be if the
strike were declared off. The presi
dent of the Western Federation of
Miners who was present expressed
doubt as to the good faith of the prom
ises made, but stated that he would
call off the strike ami would ask the
commission to reassemble, on May 18
following for the purpose of determin
lng whether or not the representatives
of the milling company had kept the
promises made.
"The strike was declared off. On
May IS the federation insisted that
the promises made as I have stated
had not been kept.
Reported All Promises Kept.
"The commission reassembled. The
statements of the federation and of
tlie mill management was presented.
The commission unanimously reported
to me that the promises had all been
fulfilled, closing as follows:
" ‘Your advisory board is of the
• opinion that Manager Mac Neill has
used all possib* • efforts to re-empluy
the striking mill men in accordance
with his assurances made before said
board.'
1 "Notwithstanding this report a
1 strike was again declared against the
mills. It was ineffectual, and there
1 upon a sympathetic strike was d*-
I clared by the federation in Cripple
Creek to cut off the ore supply of tb*-
mills. The president of the federa
tion stated before the commission
that no grievance existed against thi
mine owners.
•It has been contended, and appar
ently generally' believed, that th!.~
strike was called because of the fab
ure of the Legislature to enact ar.
eight-hour law As a matter of fact
the strike at Colorado City was called
on the 14th of February. Eome five or
six weeks before the adjournment of
the legislature which then had under
consideration an eight-hour law. and a 1
a time when every indication pointed
to the enactment thereof. The Stand
ard mill, at which the strike occurred
had an eight-hour plant for five year.-
working the eight-hour day in every de
partment save one. and that one em
ploying but a small proportion of its
men. In his testimony before the
governor's commission, above referred
to. Mr. Moyer, president of the feder
ation. in response to the direct ques
tion as to whether or not he had any
complaint to make as to the hours of
labor, replied. 'None whatever.’
Eight-Hour Day For Ten Years.
' So far as the,Cripple Creek district ■
Is concerned, the mine workers have j
worked a maximum of eight hours per i
day for over ten years, and out of
this time one-half hour is allowed for!
luncheon, receiving the union scale of 1
wages which is a minimum of $3 and 1
an average of nearly $4 per day.
"In response to the call for a strike I
in the Cripple Creek district some 4.000
men discontinued work and every
mine except one was effectually
closed. The sheriff and nearly every
peace officer of th»* county were mem
bers of the Western Federation of
Miners and owed their positions to the
votes and influence of that organiza
tion. Almost Immediately after the
calling of the strike the mine owners
decided to open their mines as rapidly :
as posalble. One property was opened
under heavy private guard. Early in
September, however an effort was
made to bring about the general open
ing of the mines of the district. As
soon as this was done picketing and
intimidation and murderous assault
were resorted to.
"I well know the history and char
acter of this organization. It is. in
fact, a matter of common knowledge
in Colorado that for ten years this
federation has stopped at nothing to
accomplish its purpose—threats, intim
idation. assaults, dynamite outrages
murders, have everywhere character
ized its policy. It has been tbe occa
sion of more trouble and expense to
the state than all other causes com
bined. including Indian raids. It has
never had a strike that has not been
bloody. The catalogue of its.crimes
affrights humanity. In times of strike
its action has amounted to open insur
rectlon against the state. The leaders
of this organization have instilled Into
the minds of its membership the ne
cessity of arming themselves for the
purpose of resisting constituted au
thorities.
"In his speech delivered in Salt
City in 1897 Mr. Boyce, since president
of the Western Federation of Miners
and the man who organized the Colo
rado branch of this organization
said:
" 'I deem it important to direct your
attention to article 2 of the < onstitu- j
tional amendments of the United j
States: "The right of tlie people to
keep and bear arms shall not be in
fringed." This you should comply
with immediately. Every union should
have a rifle club. I strongly advise
the latest improved rifle. whi< h can be ;
obtained from the factory at a nominal :
price. I entreat you to take action on
this important question, so that in two
years we can hear the inspiring music
of the martial tread of 25.000 armed
men in the ranks of labor.’
"This utterance is in line with ad
vice repeated and reiterated by other
leaders of the organization.
Federation has a Bloody Record.
“Nor have these words been sterile
of fruit. In every strike inaugurated
by this union in the s’ate of Colorado
has been the precedent set in Idaho, in
1892, when I.l*oo men armed themselves
with rifles, pillaged boldly from the
state armory, and openly proceeded to
take life and destroy property by dyna
miting the Bunker Hill and Sullivan
mill.
"In 1894 federation members armed
to the teeth, entrenched and picketed,
and with precise military organization
defiantly held prisoners for exchange
on Bull hill. In Cripple Creek.
’’ln 1896 federation members killed
in open conflict on the streets of Lead
vllle citizens of Lake county, and did
those murders with rifles bought and
paid for by the local executive commit
tee of the federation.
"In San Miguel county. Vincent St.
John, president of the local union or
the Western Federation, bought and
paid for 25<» rifles, with which he
armed his federation followers, and
these guns were used in broad daylight
on non-union miners at t lie Smuggler-
Union mine in one of the most inhu
man and barbarous crimes ever com
mitted in the name of any cause.
"In I.ake City, in 1898, against these
lawless men stole rifles from the state
armory, and were prepared to use
them to uphold their demands; and.
finally, out of the union hall at Victor
there surrendered on June cth of this
year, sixty-two members of the West
ern Federation of miners, bearing
among them thirty-five rifles, thirty
two revolvers and nine shotguns,
wldch were still hot with shots fired
at citizens and at the uniformed mili
tia of the state.
Unscrupulous Men Head Federation.
"This record convinced me that the
overt acts which had been committed
in Cripple Creek were but forerunners
of other?, and that with the executive
officers of Teller county in direct col
lusion with • his organization it would
be but a few days until a reign of ter
ror involving loss of life and property
would be established in that district.
The federation is led and absolutely
controlled by unscrupulous men. Only
two of the executive committee are
residents of the state and none of the
committee has anything in common
with the state's interests. The charac
ter and history of this federation must
be held constantly in view in deter
mining whether or not the policy I
have pursued is wise and proper. There
is no other organization with such a
character and such a history In the
United States. I knew and realized
this when the strike was inaugurated
in Cripple Creek. I was requested by
representatives of the mine operators,
representative citizens of the district
and the mayor of Victor to send the
troops to the Cripple Creek district.
Before responding to the demand, how
ever. I sent a commission composed of
Hon. N. C. Miller, attorney general of
the state; Gen. John Chase, who at that
time commanded the military of the
state, and Hon. T. E. McClelland, ex-
United States prosecuting attorney,
that they might investigate the condi
tions in person and report to me. in
response to the recommendations of
this commission troops were ordered to
the Cripple Creek district on Septem
ber 4th. the commission having con
vinced me that only in this manner
could the peace and quiet of Teller
county be maintained and men pro
tected in their right to follow their
usual vocation.
"There is no higher duty devolving
upon the executive of any state than
that of affording protection to men
who desire to labor. In affording that
protection it later became necessary, in
my judgment, to confine certain men
in miltiary guard houses as one of the
safest and most expeditious methods of
restoring order. It was loudly pro
claimed that this was without author
ity of law. The question was submit
ted to the Supreme Court and the ac
tion of the militia in that respect ful
ly sustained.
"The law-abiding citizens of the
state need not be alarmed by the fren
zied cry that they are all in danger of
Incarceration if the governor has such
power. It is a useful and a necessary
power, and the class that should dread
its exercise is not numerous. In this
regard I pursued the course which
seemed wisest and best, and I cannot
seek higher authority for its legality
than the Supreme Court.
"There may have been occasional in
discretions of officers or men as Is in
evitable with a large body not accus
tomed to such services—but whenever
such Instances nave been brought to
my attention they have been promptly
and properly dealt with and the na
tional guard of the state has been
maintained on a high standard .
"The troops were in the Cripple
Creek district from September 4. 1903.
to the lith day of April. 1904. in di
minishing numbers as conditions per
mitted. The general policy pursued in
Cripple Creek was followed in other
parts of the state and particularly in
Telluride where the excesses and
crimes of the federation had been still
more inhuman than in any other dis
trict and the reign of terror still more
complete. Order now prevails there
and it is believed that the people of
that district may at least enjoy peace
and quiet.
Peace but Calm Before Storm.
"The trouble in the Cripple Creek
district had apparently subsided. The
last of the troops were withdrawn, as
I have stated, on the 11th day of
April. 1904. The mines were all being
I operated with a full quota of men who
j were not affiliated with the Western
I Federation of Miners save only the
Portland mine where many federa-
I tion members were employed. The law
! lessness which has everywhere charac
! terized the methods of that federation
! seemed for a time to have been
abandoned by It. The district appar
ently was destined to enjoy a period
of peace. But it proved to be only the
calm before the storm. At about 3
o'clock on the morning of June 6. a
mine of dynamite was exploded by
means of an infernal machine placed
underneath the station platform at In
dependence and thirteen men were in
stantly blown to fragments and many
others mutilated and maimed for life.
All these men were non-union miners
about to hoard a train for their hfimes
in the district.
’’This infamous outrage, following as
it did years of intimidation, threats
countless assaults and murders, was
the last of the series which had caused
a veritable reign of terror in that min
ing district. The citizens of the
county, inexpressibly shocked at this
wholesale murder of Innocent men. de
termined that the community must be
rid of the authors and instigators of
such crimes.
"A public meeting was held in Vic
tor the afternoon following the Inde
pendence outrage and while the meet
ing was being addressed the crowd
was fired upon from the federation
store and union hall. Two non-union
miners were shot and killed and six
others wounded. The local troops
werfe called out the same evening at
the request of the mayor of Victor to
prevent the excesses that seemed in
evitable.
Deportation an Urgent Necessity.
"When the excitement had subsided
somewhat and the county was still
under quasi military rule. It was found
that there were several hundred mem
bers of the western federation in the
district who would- not work and had
resolved that others should not' If by
such methods as those employed at the
Independence station they could be
driven or frightened away.
"It became apparent that even with
every member of the national guard in
that county it would be impossible to
prevent the use of dynamite in the
stealthy manner always employed by
the federation. The mountains and
gulches of tha* nigged country afforded
a multitude of safe "‘.aces for recon
noiter and hiding. The troops which
had already been there a greater part
of the year, could not be maintained
Indefinitely without incurring Im
mense additional expense. The only
safe and available remedy seemed to
be to dlaperse the radical members. If
all of them had not personally parti
cipated In the outrages they had et
least stood approvingly by and given
their support, encouragement and pro
tection.
"If these men were scattered the
avenues which ten years of organiza
tion and association had opened for
crime in that district would be closed.
It would require much time in any
other community before they could
gather about them a new band of con
spirators with the inclination and
daring to inaugurate in a new fieid an
other condition of terrorism. These
men. as I have said, had de
termined • never to yield the
strike. The mine owners ha i
resolved not to employ again
the members of that organization.
Therefore the only employment which
remained for them was that of stirring
up strife—committing depredations ant
intimidating by inhuman crimes the
w-orking miners.
“I resolved that they should be dis
persed and I dispersed them. This was
done, however, only after careful in
vestigation of each individual case.
"I hope and believe that these men
so sent from the district will when re
leased from the evil influences of a
criminal leadership return to lawful
living and resolve that a recognition
of the rights which the laws confer is
the proper guide for conduct.
No Attempt to Oppress Labor.
’’From what I have said and from
what is within the knowledge of every
citizen of the state, it will be seen that
disturbances have been limited to the
mining and its allied industries. It has
been charged repeatedly that the mili
tia has been placed at the disposal of
the mine owners to oppose labor. The
injustice of the charge is apparent,
but it will doubtless continue to be
made. The militia was employed to
restore order and to protect labor and
property in the rights to which each is
entitled under the law. The militia
opposed the wishes and purposes of the
federation because that organization
was attempting to prevent by violence
the operation of mines and mills. It
is again charged that I have been en
gaged in a war upon unions generally,
and strenuous and repeated efforts are
being made to play upon the passions
of union men. I do not believe the ef
forts will be successful. I do not believe
the conservative union men of the state
called upon to adopt the policy
of the leaders of the federation, nor
can I believe they will sanction it. 1
believe they will be able to discrimin
ate between their own unions and prin
ciples and the socialistic, anarchistic
objects and methods of the federation.
In the ten years of its existence the
Western Federation of Miners has in
volved the state in a cash outlay for
the militia of more than $2.000.0v0.
"I propose in the future, as in the
past. to 'see to it that the laws are
faithfully executed’ and in the accom
plishment of that purpose I shall not
inquire whether the individual entitled
to protection is. or is not. a member of
any labor organization. No one can
appreciate more than I. not only the
right and wisdom of laboring men to
Join together for the purpose of bet
tering their wages and working condi
tions. and no one can believe more
heartily than I in a fair wage and
reasonable hours. It will be a matter
of great regret to me if the laboring
men of tho state fail to see that I am
fighting their battle, for I sincerely be
lieve that organized labor has no more
dangerous enemy than the Western
Federation of Miners, which is seeking
under the cloak of organized labor, to
protect itself alike in the promulga
tion of its dishonest socialistic theo
ries. which recognize no right to pri
vate property, and from the result of
its anarchistic tenets and tendencies.
Legitimate labor organizations of ne
cessity suffer from the criminal ag
gressions of the federation. Its claim
to the character of a labor organiza
tion is its only title to respectability.
I believe that no greater good can be
conferred upon the cause of union la
bor. striving to better the condition
of its members, than that the members
of such legitimate labor unions con
demn the methods of the federation.
"Those who are charged with the
duty of seeing that the lives and prop
erty of citizens are respected have dif
ficult and perplexing problems to
solve in times of insurrection and
great public stress.
“I have had to deal with an organiza
tion which has no counterpart in this
country. Its official proclamations, full
of defiance and challenge, issued from
time to time, have amounted, as has
been said, to ’a declaration of war
against the state.'
”1 have met the challenge with a
policy none too vigorous for the out
lawry I was called on to oppose. But
through it all I have had but one ob
ject. and that to show the people of
Colorado that the laws will be upheld
—that a criminal organization cannot
dictate the policy of this administra
tion. and that everywhere within the
borders of Colorado, property shall be
secure and labor shall be free.
"JAMES H. PEABODY.
"Governor.”
Finding of a Skeleton.
Denver, Aug. 1. —A Canon City dis
patch last night says: While pros
pecting in an unfrequented canon in
the mountains five miles northwest of
Canon City this morning Ernest E
Smith and G. G. Daily found the
bleached bones of a man later identi
fied as Jesse D. Smith, at the foot of a
high cliff where they apparently had
been lying for the greater part of the
past year. The clothing of the dead
man was in a fair state of preserva
tion. although the flesh was gone from
the bones. In one of the pockets of the
coat was a letter addressed to Jesse
D. Smith by his brother. J. N. Smith of
Hanging Rock. West Virginia, which
clearly established the identity of the
dead man. The letter was dated
August 23. 1903, and related to family
affairs, incidentally referring to a son
of the deceased.
Inquiry reveals the fact that Smith
resided here for a year or more, but
so far as can be ascertained had not
been seen here since last summer. He
was about sixty years of age and is
believed to have come here from either
Illinois or lowa.
ASSASSIN’S WORK
RUSSIAN MINISTER KILLED.
Von Plehve. Russian Minister of In
terior, Terribly Mangled by a
Bomb Thrown at His
Carriage.
St. Petersburg. July 29.—Viatschia
6eff Constantinovitch Von Plehve. min
ister of the interior of Russia, was as
sassinated at 9:30 o’clock yesterday
morning with a bomb thrown at his
carriage while he was driving to the
Baltic station to take a train for the
palace at Peterhoff, where he was to
make his weekly report to the Czar.
The assassination is believed to be
the outcome of a widespread plot, tho
existence of which has been suspected
for several days. Numerous arrests
have already been made, including that
of the assassin, a young man who is
believed to be a Finn of the name of
Leglo, and who is now in a hospital
perhaps fatally injured by tbe explos
ion of his own bomb. An accomplice
of Leglo, also apparently a Finn, but
whose name is unknown, has been ar
rested. He had in his possession a
bomb which he tried to throw, but he
was overpowered by the police just in
time to prevent great loss of life.
The assassin wore a brown overcoat A
and a railroad officer's cap. He atood
on the sidewalk Just as Minister Von
Plehve’s carriage was about to cross
the canal bridge near the station. The
minister was escorted by a number or
detectives on bicycles, and one of them
jostled the assassin, who then rushed
into the road and threw the bomb after
the carriage. The missile struck the
hind wheel and exploded with fearful
force, killing or wounding more than a
score of people. Minister Von Plehve
and his coachman were killed outright,
and an officer of the guard was fatally
Injured.
One of the cyclist detectives arrested
the assassin, who endeavored to escape,
though wounded by splinters in the
face, arm and abdomen. He made no
attempt at resistance, hqwever. when
seized by the detective, and confessed
his crime, but refused to give his name.
The police immediately after the ex
plosion arrested a suspicious individual
who took refuge in a hotel near the
scene of the tragedy. He carried a
bomb similar to that thrown by Leglo.
As soon as the police saw the bomb
they scattered, but an employe of the
hotel rushed up behind the accomplice
and pinned his arms.
The explosive Is believed to have
been composed of pyroxlin, as it gave
off little smoke. The force of the ex
plosion was so terrific that it not on"
broke nearly every window within a
radius of half a mile, but reduced heavy
paving stones to powder, heaved up the
pavement and flung a heavy piece ot
the ironwork of the carriage across the
canal, severing a thick barge mast,
which fell, stunning the captain of the
barge. Everybody in the street was _
knocked down and bruised. #)
As Minister of Justice Muravieff was #
driving to the Peterhoff palace this af
ternoon to report to Emperor Nicholas
the assassination of the minister of the
interor. Van Plehve. stones were
thrown at him and bis carriage win
dows were broken. The Identity of
the minister’s assailants has not yet
been discovered.
Every possible measure of precaution
has been taken to prevent news of tho
tragedy reaching the Czarina. Her
health 16 delicate and it is feared it
she learns of the fate of Van Plehve
the shock may have serious conse
quences. not only to the Empress, but
to the child which is soon to be born,
and which it is universally hoped will
be the heir to the throne of the Czar
and all the Russ las.
VON PLEHVE A TYRANT.
Responsible for Massacre of Jews and
Oppression of Finns.
Syracuse, N. Y.. July 29. —The Post
Standard this morning says:
Former Ambassador to Germany
Andrew D t White, who was at St. Pe
tersburg in 1892-3-4 as minister of the
United States to Russia, in discussing
Von Plehve and the assassination,
said:
'Won Plehve's part in the horrible
massacres and plunder of the Jews,
men, women and children, at Kishineff.
caused him to be regarded with abhor
rence by the whole world. Even more
frightful has been his connection
the destruction of the liberties of ¥">'
land. In my mind that is the most
wicked thing in the history of the last
two centuries. There is no time to go
into it here further than to say that it
has turned the best, the most civilized,
tho most educated and most loyal
province in the empire Into a land in
which the opposite of all these charac
ters is more highly developed than in
any part of the empire.
"Other things done by him were also
calculated to bring more bitter hatred
against him.
"He attempted to help his cause by
a defense of his conduct toward Fin
land, which was published in an Aroori
ran magazine. But it must certainly
have failed to convince any thinkine j
man at all aware of their circum- I
stances.
"During two summers I lived mainly
in Finland, coming frequently to St. i
Petersburg, and the transition in pass
ing from the cultivation and civiliza- i
tion of Finland to the atmosphere of
Russia was the most depressing I have |
ever known.
"I do not wonder at his assassins
tion.
"Assassination always defeats !,
purpose, and this would I fear, be no ,i
exception to the rule.”
To Aid Colorado Strikers.

Butte. Mont.. July 29.—The Inter
state Mercantile Company, formed by j
local sympathizers of the Colorado
strikers, lias been Incorporated here, j
Alex. Falrgrieve. president of tha ■
Montana State Federation of Lsftpri
J. S. Hall. John McMullen. C. P.*l a ' v
honey and H. M. Hcimerdinger are j
the incorporators. The capital stgck
is $2,500.

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