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The Lamar register. [volume] (Lamar, Colo.) 1889-1952, September 06, 1905, Image 3

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MEMBERS OF THE W. R. C. ON
GEN. KING’S OFFICIAL STAFF
KAfE BROWNLEE SHERWOOD.
Commander-ln-chlef Kins has filled
11k* vacancies on his staff in unique
fashion, and one that has no precedent
in G. A. It. annals. He has appoint
ed "as a tribute to the noble work of
the W. It. C.” three of its earliest past
presidents, viz.: Mrs. Sarah E. Fuller,
the present treasurer of the depart
ment of Massachusetts: Mrs. Lizabeth
A. Turner of Bridgeport and Kate
Brownlee Sherwood of Ohio, members
of his official staff.
Doubtless the presence of these
three distinguished ladies upon the
staff of the commander-in-chief will
mark a new departure at the Denver
encampment and complications may
arise if their new duties demand their
absence from the convention of the
W. R. C., where they are always very
much in evidence.
FRANCE LEFT FAR BEHIND.
Great Increase in Population of the
German Empire.
After Russia Germany is the richest
country In children. For every 10,000
Inhabitants there are 363 living births
a year, as against only 226 In France.
Hence the increase of population in
Germany Is correspondingly great.
the course of the nineteenth century
the population within the present ter
ritory of the empire has much more
than doubled in spite of the consider
able numbers of Germans who have
emigrated during this time. In 1816
there were 24,400,000 souls In the ter
ritory of the present empire, while In
1900 there were 56,300.000. which cor
responds to a yearly average increase
of ore per cent, while more than
5.000,000 Gomans have emigrated
from their homes during the nine
teenth century. In order to measure
the meaning of those figures we must
compare them with those of a coun
try like France, which is practically
stationary in its population. In the
middle of the century there were as
many people in France ns in Germany.
In 1845 there were In Germany 34.400.-
<>oo, in France 34,500,000, while In
1820 France had nearly 4,000,000 more
than Germany. To-day the French
population has risen only to 35,500.000
and Is therefore more than 20,000,000
behind Germany.—Yale Review.
The Collector and His Mania.
Collecting is a sort of cumulative
passion. It starts with a taste fo»
quality, it develops into a greed for
quantity. Once the collector discovers
he is the possessor of an article of
which there are few or no other cop
ies, he is lost. Thereafter he has only
one concern—to seize upon more rari
ties. It would be all very well If the
mania pertained to what may truly he
called treasures, but too often these
things have value only because other
collectors have them. That he may
have an example of the ceramics of
every dynasty of China is more to the
collector than that he has beautiful
specimens of one.— Cleveland Leader.
Overworked Railroad Employes.
la it not a fair assumption that the
railroads would have fewer accidents
and kill fewer employes and passen
gers If they never cut off thousands
of men from their pay rolls in a year
of record-breaking traffic? When few
er men do more work it is likely to
be found that many are overtaxed.
On railroads that too often means fa
tal drowsiness at posts of danger, care
lessness from subjecting nature to ex
cessive strain. American railroads
exhibit wonderful growth in business,
while they go from bad to worse in
respect to the protection of human
lire. When is this fatal weakness to
be remedied, —Cleveland Leader.
Real Founder of Family.
John Hauke. a farmer living near
Williamsport, Pa., celebrated his nine
tieth birthday last week by finishing
four days of harvesting. In which he
swung a cradle and kept up with men
less than half his age. Later he had a
family reunion, at which he danced
with his great-grandchildren. Mr.
Hauke is the father of twelve, grand
father of forty-six. and great-grand
father of thirty-nine, all of whom ex
cept seven are still living.
Pen Picture of Marie Corelli.
Marie Corelli, the author, is a small,
plump woman with curly hair and a
double chin, the latter being so pro
nounced as to give her much concern.
P.orn in Italy of Italian parents, she
was adopted by an Englishman of let
ters, who had her educated In a
French convent. She hates what is
called society life and its obligations.
As one of her friends puts it. she is a
hard working, book loving, enthusias
tic and rather pugnacious little body.”
Sultan Dislikes Darkness.
The sultan of Turkey strenuously
objects to darkness, and his apart
ments in the palace and the surround
ing gardens as well are flooded with
light every night. He is always read
to sleep by a brother or favorite ser
vant.
Heard Grandchildren Sing Mass.
When Mr. and Mrs. Delorme of
Worcester. Mass., recently celebrated
i heir golden wedding anniversary
they attended mass, the choir being
composed of forty-one of their grand
children.
_MRS. LI2ABETH A. TURNER.
SARAH B. FULLER;
LESSON TAUGHT BY WAR.
Japan’s Triumph Contains Much Food
for Thought.
The triumph of Japan is taken in
various ways by a complicated uni
verse. We prefer to observe it in the
first place for what it teaches of value
to ourselves. The American bill for
alcoholic drinks during a single year
is estimated in dollars alone at a bil
lion and a quarter. What it is in con
sequences who shall estimate? Japan
drinks with the moderation which she
exhibits in every phase of life. Her
people so far care less for show, for
personal conspicuousness than they do
for ends of general worth. The Jap
anese were worried for months by the
fewness of their battleships, but in the
end they won, not by numbers, but by
morality—by sobriety, devotion, cour
age and intelligence. They did not
win by talk and bluster either. They
have shown, in peace and war, a calm
fair mindedness, a predominating
taste, a hostility to mere noise and
thunder, an ability to he quiet and
mind their business, whether that
business be art, domestic labor or
deadly war. To be sure of the quality
of our sailors, the disinterestedness of
promotions, the honesty of contracts,
the subordination of personal gain
and ambition—all this is more im
portant than the tonnage of our licet.
It is not so much the number of tor
pedo boats or battleships as it is the
way they will be managed in emer
gency.—Collier’s Weekly.
SHOULD WAR BE HUMANE?
Pertinent Consideration as to Size
and Dcadliness of Bullets.
Is the military bullet too small.
Japan uses a German-silver or steel
jacketed bullet of less than .25 cali
ber. It is long, built for speed, wide
range and flat trajectory. Our army
uses a bullet slightly larger. They
are called "humane," because the
wounds they niuke are small, almost
always antiseptic and heal quickly.
But they have not the stopping pow
er of the larger balls and many ex
perts believe that they tend to pro
long wars, by lowering the death-rate
and permitting men to engage again
In fighting soon after being wounded.
Is a long war preferable to a short,
bloody one? Has the reappearance of
bayonet-stnbbing. due to the reduced
killing power of the bullet, made war
more humane? And finally, can war
ever he humane? —“With the Proces
sion," Everybody's Magazine.
Will Fight “Tainted Money.”
Dr. Washington Gladden will Intro
duce a resolution uimed to head off
the acceptance of gifts of “tainted
money” by executive officers of the
American board of commissioners for
foreign missions when the hoard
meets for its annual session in Seattle
on Sept. 14 to 18. The resolution will
undertake to relieve the executive of
ficers from ull authority to receive
gifts of money. Dr. Gladdin is work
ing to organize the men who support
ed him in his previous opposition to
“tainted money,” and there are likely
to be some lively speeches at the
meeting. Many members of the board
are of opinion that any resolution re
stricting the executive officers in re
ceiving gifts will be voted down.
Every Man Has His Troubles.
A Kansas man was seen sitting
alone on the prairie with a two-bushel
sack of dollars by his side. He seem
ed to be In distress and was asked
what worried him. “It is this way.”
said the man as he kicked disgustedly
at a tuft of bunch grass. “I just sold
my crop of wheat and there isn't a
blamed bird to throw the money at.
What I am to do with tlie stuff is
more than I can tell." —Kansas City
Star.
Kingly Name Revived.
The christening of the infant son of
the prince and princess of Wales is
specially interesting from the fact that
one of the names given him is Charles.
The young prince is the first of the
royal blood to bear that name since
"Bonnie Prince Charlie."
Aged “Bike” Champion. .
T. W. Davis is the champion bidyc
list of his age in the world. He is
seventy-seven years old and has rid
den 107.781 miles on his bicj’ele. He
began bicycling at the age of sixtv
one.
GEN. MINER DENIES CHARGES.
Was Accused of Improper Relations
with Mrs. Taggart.
Gen. Miner, who was the command
ing officer at Fort Leavenworth when
Maj. Taggart was stationed ut that
post, was on the stand in the Wooster
trial. He is charged with being a
party to such scandalous relations
with Mrs. Taggart that the major de
clared on the stand he would have
GEN.C. W. MINER
been justified in killing him. Gen.
Miner denied that his relations with
Mrs. Taggart were ever improper.
LIFE IN THE UNIVERSE.
Probability That Many Other Worlds
Are Inhabited.
The fact that, so far as we have yet
been able to learn, only a small pro
portion of the visible worlds scattered
through space are fitted to be the
abode of life does not preclude the
probability that among hundreds of
millions of such worlds a vast number
are so fitted. Such being the ease, all
the analogies of nature lead us to be
lieve that, whatever the process which
led to life upon this earth —whether a
special act of creative power or a
gradual course of development
through that same process does life
begin In every part of the universe
fitted to sustain It. The course of de
velopment involves u gradual improve
ment in living forms, which by irregu
lar steps rise higher and higher in the
scale of being. We have every reason
to ljelieve that this is the case wher
ever life exists. It is, therefore, per
fectly reasonable to suppose that be
ings, not only animated, but endowed
with reason, inhabit countless worlds
In space. It would, indeed, be Inspir
ing could we learn by actual observa
tion what forms of society exist
throughout space, and see the mem
bers of such societies enjoying them
selves by their warm firesides. But
this is. so far as we can now see, en
tirely beyond the possible reach of our
race, so long as it is confined to a
single world. —Harper’s Magazine.
Marking Historical Spots.
Marking the birthplace of Chester
A. Arthur was the beginning of a
movement that is spreading and that
may well be carried further yet. A
monument in memory of Ann Story,
and the Ethan Allen tower In Burling
ton have already been dedicated.
There are numerous places in Ver
mont that have been the scene of his
toric events or the birthplace of dis
tinguished people and local patriotism
should prompt us to see that they are
all marked in some way. We cannot
erect a Bennington monument or an
Ethan Allen tower at all the places,
but We can easily erect a stone or a
tablet to mark the spot and preserve
their memory. A simple bronze tab
let. such as placed on the wall of the
pavilion in Montpelier, makes a per
manent record of the visit of Lafay
ette to the city, would he sufficient
in most cases. —Montpelier Argus.
Shoe Factory Map.
The black circles on the map show
the only states that have shoe fac
tories.
Curious Artistic Reminiscences.
Writing of the approaching interna
tional congress of artists, which is to
he held in Venice next month, Edouard
Trogan indulges in a curious bit of
reminiscence. When he was last In
Venice a painting by Grosso was rais
ing a storm of protest, met by a clam
or of protest against protest. The pic
ture showed San Juan in Erebus, sur
rounded by his victims. Ten years
have passed since then. The patri
arch who braved popular indignation
by condemning the picture Is now
pope; the painter of it is now exhibit
ing a portrait of the Italian queen, and
the syndic who lost his place because
of his share In the controversy is to
preside at the coming festival.
Aid for Audubon Societies.
Mrs. Russell Sage has Joined the
National Association of Audubon So
cieties. For some time she has de
voted much attention to the study of
birds and animals. William Dutcher,
president of the association, announces
that he has received a check for
SIOO,OOO from a well known man of
the financial world, the money to be
used in furthering the objects of the
organization.
Woman Successful Lumber Merchant.
yyuuiM" . ■
Mrs. W. S. Pratt of Atlanta, Ga., is
said to be the only woman south of
Chicago in the lumber trade. When
the firm by whom she was employed
went out of business, without losing a
day hunting a position she opened an
office and began operations. To-day
she is head of a firm handling 100 cars
of lumber monthly.
Irving to Write Autobiography.
Sir Henry Irving intimates that he
will undertake to write his autobiog
raphy as soon as his theatrical work
ceases to engross all of ids time and
energies.
Ffi 1 ?
Organizing For Egg Selling.
It has often occurred to me that we
farmers should take measures to dis
ix.se of our eggs in a systematic man
ner. I have been rea.iing a great deal
ai-out what Denmark i doing in, the
way of egg association especially for
ttose that are to be • \ported. Their
plan is probably familiar to many
readers of the Farm- rs' Review. I
need only say that large syndicates of
farmers are organized for the collec
tion and sale of eggs by a central
bureau. Every farmer that belongs to
one of these syndicates has to conduct
himself according to the rules laid
down, and on the third violation of the
rules is expelled from the syndicate.
As membership in the syndicate is
very valuable, the members are care
ful to conduct themselves according to
the general plan. Every egg that is
laid Is stamped with the number of
the farmer, the number of the syndi
cate, and the day on which the egg
was laid. These eggs all go to the
central agency and are sorted accord
ing to the dates of being laid. The
consumer knows Just how old the egg
is when he gets it. If by chance a
farmer puts in an egg that is past Its
prime he is fined heavily for it, and
the third repetition of the mistake will
cost him his membership. This pre
vents bad eggs getting into the con
signments. The result is that the buy
ers know about their eggs, and the
consumption of them is increased. I
believe that it would be perfectly
cates in this country. We Americans
feasible for us to organize such syndl
do not readily fall into the syndicate
idea, because we have found it so easy
to dispose of our eggs without making
very much efTort, but I am certain that
tiie price we receive for eggs Is very
much less than it would he under a
systematic collection and sale. I
think the consumer pays enough for
them, but there is too wide a differ
ence between what the consumer pays
tind what the farmer receives. When
the farmers dispose of their eggs, they
are competing with one another, while
many of the buyers are members of
syndicates of produce dealers that
have eliminated the competitive fea
ture from the buying side of their
business. They agree upon a price,
above which they cannot go, but which
may be reduced as much as possible.
I believe that this 1.; to the disad
vantage of the farmers, and that if
we had a large number of syndicates
f*>? the collection and distribution of
C?g8, we would bo able to sell to a
kttle better advantage. I believe that
tuo producers of the eggs should re
ceive a higher price than the man
LI at simply handles them.
Phoebe Caldwell.
Duller Co., Ohio.
Water Glass.
From time to time we receive in
quiries relative to the use or water
glass as a means for preserving eggs.
We can. without hesitancy, recom
mend this as probably the best pre
servative to be found, this Icing
proved by tests made both in this
country and in Europe. Water glass
is really soluble : lass. It has two
forms in commerce, one known as
silicate of sodium, and the other as
silicate of potassium. This may be
purchased in the form of powder, or
in the form of a liquid which has the
taste of syrup. It lias long bee:i used
for rendering fabrics Incombustible,
and for hardening petrified woods. We
believe that many of our readers
should give this a trial. There should
bo about ten times as much water as
water glnss, and this water glass
should be thoroughly mixed with the
water. This may !)•• placed in a jar
and the eggs placed within it. but they
should not come n- arer to the top
thx.n two inches. A- water evaporates
very rapidly, and would soon leave
the tops of the eggs uncovered and
exposed to the air. the Jar should be
kept tightly covered. —Farmers' Re
view.
New Colors in Poultry.
We hear a great deal about new col
ors in poultry, nearly all of the stand
ard breeds now ha\ ng buff or some
other color grafted onto them. These
new colors are very fancy and very
pretty, but the farmer should under
stand thut they arc not at all so en
during as the old < olors, so far as
their continuance in fhe flock is con
cerned. Thus the new colors do not
re-appear in the young birds very
largely, and it would take very many
years to fix these colors so that they
would re-appear as often as do the
standard colors. The farmer, when
he buys fowls, needs something useful.
If he ,1s to breed to a standard, he
wants a standard that Is not variable.
These new colors make it very diffi
cult for the farmer to breed his flocks
true to color. Unless ho wants to
produce breeding birds for sale, or
show birds, we see no reason why he
should forsake the old colors.
Good and Poor Breeders.
The quality of a hog as a breeder de
pends largely on the conditions under
which he is born and reared. There are
enervating conditions that take the
breeding force out of a hog. One of
these is lack of exercise a-;d the other
is the deprivation of a foou that makes
muscle and strong hone. There are
several elements that It is necessary
to combine to make vigor. One of
these is potential energy, which we
get from the fats and starches of
foods. The other most important one
is the nitrogen, which is of prime im
portance in making a muscle thzt will
be able to use the potential energy
derived from the starches and fats.
Tod much energy nml too little muscle
is as bad a combination as a great
steam power in a weak boiler. Dis
aster is sure to result.
A Temple for Serpents.
In a little town in the kingdom of
Dahomey Is a temple devoted to the
worship of serpents. There are always
more than 1,000 snakes in it. which are
carefully tended by priests. The
snakes are fed on birds and frogs
brought in by natives as sacrificial
offerings.
LIVE
STOCK
Teething and Eye Trouble.
It is still commonly believed by
farmers and horsemen that “wolf
teeth” are the cause of “moon bllud
ness” and other eye troubles seen
when colts are three or four years of
age. It is tine for intelligent meu
to understand that this alleged causu
of eye disease Is erroneous. In short,
wolf teeth do not cause any derange
ment of any sort implicating or affect
ing the eyes. Wolf teeth are short,
small, shallow rooted teeth, and they
come into the mouth with the first
set of molar teeth, and aro therefore
present long before eye disease ap
pears. The process of teething is.
however, likely to aggravate into ac
tivity any predisposition that the colt
may have inherited toward the de
velopment of eye disease. If, for In
stance, the colt is from a sire or dam
affected with periodic ophthalmia
(moon blindness), tlmt disease will be
most apt to show up when the colt
Is three or four years of age. At that
time, when eye disease Is noticed for
the first time, the owner makes an
examination of the mouth, and per
chance finds wolf teeth Just in front
of tho first upper molars. These su
perfluous teeth are immediately
blumed for the eye disease and are
knocked out or extracted. The dis
ease does not then disappear, but re
curs at inturvnls and finally causes
blindness of one or both eyes.
The wolf teeth did not cause the
trouble and were present in the mouth
for years before the owner discovered
them. It should he remembered, too,
that hundreds of horses have eye dis
ease, but are found to he without wolf
teeth. When a colt is three years old
he acquires eight new molar teeth j
(grinders), and four front ones (In
cisors). A year later ho gets eight !
additional molars, four front teeth and
four tushes (bridle teeth). At these
ages, ns can well he understood, the
gums and palate of tho mouth swell
and the horse has difficulty in masti
cating food on that account. He Is
also apt to suffer from low fever npd
bo dull and sluggish. It is at this
time, when sick from dentition irri
tation, that the wolf teeth are discov
ered. as tho owner looks for them
when It is seen that tho eyes are
weak. On examination, no inflamma
tion will be found about the small
roots of tho wolf teeth at this time.
The molar teeth aro very deeply im
bedded in the mouth, as arc the in
cisor teeth, and the gums about them
are found to bo greatly swollen, hot
and sore. If anything in the mouth
would cause trouble of tho eyes, it
would surely be these large teeth, and
not the small, harmless wolf teeth,
which tend to fall out when a horse
la seven or eight year? of age.
An experienced writer has advl3cd
that while teeth irritation does not
cause eye disease, it is nlwnys well
to check it as much as possible when
the colt is seen to be badly affected.
If constipation conies on when a colt
is cutting teeth, soft mashes of wheat
bran should be given in place of oats
and other dry food, ami grass or even
ensilage in small quantities will prove
helpful. If these are not available, or
do not prove effectual, one to two
ounces of glauber salts may be given
In the feed or drinking water once
daily. If the old teeth do not fall
early and spontaneously, but remain
adherent to the crowns of the cuttiug
teeth, they should be removed. If tho
gums are seen to be red and much
swollen, a great deal of relief Is to
be had by lancing down upon the hard
tooth. Where the tushes are found to
be pressing upon the gums, but hot
coming through quickly enough, it is
a very simple matter to cut the gums
over the tooth by merely giving the
part a stroke with a coarse rasp or
dentistry float. This causes less bleed
ing than a lance, and it is much easier
to do that with the sharp instrument.
Young colts, when cutting teeth, should
be allowed to chew on a few old, hard
ears of corn daily. This will tend to
prevent gnawing upon the manger and
acquiring the bad habit of cribbing
and windsucking, which is apt to be
learned at this time. The way to pre
vent eye disease is to breed from
horses having sound eyes. The wolf
teeth need not be taken into account,
and are entirely harmless.—As S.
Alexander in Farmers' Review.
Harvesting and Keeping Onions.
As onions approach maturity, the
time of harvesting them should bo
carefully watched. When they are
mature the stems will show it by dry
ing up and lopping over, and tho
onions should bo harvested at this
time to avoid a second growth start
ing In. It has been found by those
who grew them under irrigation that
the crop could be very easily spoiled.
This was done by there being a check
in the growth of the onions just be
fore maturity, and the irrigator think
ing he would continue the develop
ment by an extra watering. The ex
tra watering resulted in starting what
is known as a second growth, a new
shoot being sent up from the onions
and many of the onions dividing into
two parts. This injures them for sell
ing in the markets, and also injures
their keeping qualities. If the onions
stop growing for any cause, either be
cause they have not been supplied
with adequate water or because the
natural rain fall is not abundant, it is
better to harvest them at once, even
though they are somewhat immature
The best keeping varieties are fre
quently the small ones, and among
the varieties the small onions keep
better than the large ones. This is
due to the fact that the loss in weight
causes free evaporation and sprouting.
Therefore they should be harvested
as soon ns possible after they have
obtained their first growth and put in
a cool place, that Is, a place not dry
enough and warm enough to cause
evaporation of moisture to start
growth.
American Topographical Map.
Alkmii 100 years more will be re
quired to complete the work of mak
ing a topographical map of the
ocuntry which was begun by ik*
United S ates government in 1882.
THE FARM AND RANGE
Fort Collins Sugar Factory.
The Great Western Sugar Company
is expending more than a quarter of a
million dollars in additions and im
provements to its plant in this city
this year, says the Fort Collins corre
spondent of the Denver Republican.
The factory in Fort Collins being the
headquarters of the management of
the six Colorado factories, it will have
the benefit of improved machinery and
methods.
A year ago a special campaign was
made at great expense with the Stef
fens process, u method of extracting
sugar from molasses turned off as
worthless by the main factories. As
a result of extensive experiments at
the factory here a wonderful Improve
ment lias been made in the process
and the Steffens process will lie in
stalled in all the large factories in the
West.
The Improvements and additions lift
ing made in the plant in Fort Collins
will about double tho capacity of the
Steffens prooess here, making it one of
the leading plants of its kind in the
West. In tiie factory proper new and
improved machinery of different kinds
is being put in. among tho most im
portant of which are improved pumps
for handling tlie syrup.
It is expected that the beet crop
handled by the factory last year, which
amounted to nearly 80.000 tons, will
be almost double tliut tills season. The
capacity or the beet sheds will be prac
tically doubled by additions being
built. In addition to this an elevated
tramway is being constructed by the
factory upon which the beet cars ran
bo run from the railroads ami the
beets dumped into large flumes from
which they will lie carried into tho
water sluices and thence into the fac
tory. This will save shoveling tho
beets several times as well as time and
expense.
The capacity of the great sugar ware
house at the east end or the factory is
being doubled. It will have u storage
capacity of 200,000 tons, or 20.000,000
pounds of sugar. Numerous other itn
provements are being made through
out the factory. A large force of work
men. most of them skilled mechanics,
is employed ail the season, and will be
busy until the opening of the campaign
in October, so that when the beet crop
commences to come in the Fort Col
lins factory will Ik* in splendid condi
tion to handle it quickly and smoothly.
Cutting of Farms.
Governor Pardee of California in lilh
opening address to the irrigation con
gress at Portland, cited the benefits to
states-and lesser communities to come
from the gradual cutting up or western
farms to smaller acreage. He spoke
in illustration or the once famous
Glenn farm In Ills own state, one of
40,000 acres, of which three-fourths
was for fifty years cultivated to wheal
and supported only one family and
some 100 nomadic laborers. The Idg
I tract gradually exhausted from con
| slant succession of wheat crops. It
: was then brought under irrigation, cut
i up into small farms and sold off. For
' the years It remained Intact there was
| not a school house on all the vast area.
I Now there are 300 families living on
I this land; then* are two school houses
for the children of the farmers and a
large town community is supported by
land that once contributed nothing to
I the general welfare.
As the years go by the big farms of
| Colorado will lie gradually cut up. The
i present average is about 160 acres to
i the family: this will b- reduced to
eighty before many years, and from
j that the tendency will Ik* toward more
intense cultivation, smaller farms and
| more population. The licet raisers of
to-day ate already pointing the way
I to this situation. Farmers as a rule
plant only a few acres of beets; they
! require close handling, and there is
always danger that tho labor supply
will lie short at the critical time, so
the tendency is to seed only that acre
age which can lie safely handled. Tho
beets pay from S4O to $S(> an acre, and
| tiie closer they are attended, the bet
ter cultivated. Hu* larger the return.
Iso that it is not at all impossible for
i twenty acres to pay better than forty.
From the twenty acres will come more
I clear cash than the average farmer's
family of the east handles during a
year.
The size of American farms lias ever
been tiie marvel or old world tillers of
the soil. They have been unable to
understand how an American could
properly «arc for twenty and thirty
tines the acreage they find sufficient
for a single family. The smaller the
division the more it contributes to
the general welfare of the public, the
more people are supported and the
more trade* made for the merchant,
the larger is the call for the articles of
manufacture. Fruit trai ts arc* down to
from ten to fifteen-acre traits in the
successful fruit belts or this state, the
beet is forcing the reduction to the
same size in other sections, and ho the
population will grow year by year,
even though there should be no in
crease in the area of lands brought un
der cultivation. —Denver Republican.
The largest plow ever used in the
state of Wyoming is in operation on
tin* farm of the Neponsct l.and and
Live Stock Company, near Evanston.
The plow is a thirty-horse power Gel
ser. and operates five gang plr.-vs. also
grubbing the sagebrush from - •* line
of tiie furrows as it advances. A re
tired locomotive engineer operates the
big machine.
The first annual announcement of
the short course in agriculture and
domestic science to be offered next
winter at the State Agricultural Col
lege lias been Issued from tiie press.
This bulletin contains, besides a lull
list of Instructors who will conduct
the course, a comprehensive resume or
the subjects that will receive special
attention, including practical agricul
ture. stock raising, cooking, sowing,
etc., during the three months' term of
the course. The term begins on
Wednesday. December 6, 19u5. and w ill
close on Wednesday. February 28.
1906. For copies of this bulletin and
further particulars concerning the
short course In agriculture, address W.
L. Carlyle, dean of agriculture, Fort
Colllus. Colorado.
A rare of bees has be: n brought to
this country—as an experiment by tln-
United States government—that lias
been found the gentlest in the world,
says th** September Country Life of
America. The one great drawback to
bee-keeping for most people has been
the fear of stings, but recent experi
ments at Washington. D. have
proved the Caucasian bees to be Hi**
most remarkable bees in existence for
their gentleness. We do not mean by
this that tin* bees are stingiest*, for
they possess this organ so necessary
to their welfare, but so seldom do th**y
resort to Its use that they are for all
practical purposes non-stinglng.
DENVER MARKETS
Denver Union Stock Yards, Sept. 4.
—The market here last week was well
' supplied with a good class of cattle
and the trading had a good tone. The
demand was good for anything show
ing good quality and as most of the
offerings graded up pretty well there
j was a good movement all week. The
I supply of beef steers was much bet
ter than the preceding week and the
quality was also better. Some choice
North Park steers sold early at 7-1.25
and others about the middle of the
week at $4.10. Other steers on sale
(luting the week sold largely at $3,004/)
$3.75. Rest cows sold up to $3.15 but
they were fine and most of the sales
ranged from $2.36 to s2.so. The sup
ply of cows was fair and the demand
good for tho good kinds. Common
stuff continues about as dull as ever
and attracts very little attention from
buyers. Prices on all beef cattle are
called steady to strong as compared
with a week ago.
Feeders and Stockers have been
coming in larger numbers during the
last week. Buyers have also been
more in evidence and the movement
has been active. Some choice 1.150-
pound steers sold up to $4.10, Including
freight to the Missouri river. These
were of very good quality, however,
and most of the business was done
around $3.00053.25 with right good
steers up to $3.50. A good demand
for feeders is expected here this week
on account of the low rates prevailing
to Denver from tho East. The de
mand is best for tho heavy steers of
good quality and prices on these aro
a little stronger than a week ago.
Other steers are about steady.
Hog receipts were fair but not
heavy. Prices have been going down
by jumps during tiie last few days and
tops at $5.60 on Saturday were about
;..»c lower than quotations of a week
ago. The demand is good.
The sheep market lias been quiet
and no change In conditions from a
week iigo. The demand was very
good and all offerings sold here at
steady prices. Feeders continue scarce
and very few coming this way.
Cattle.
Comparative Receipts -
Year to date 178,692
Same period last year 170,736
Increase 7,956
The following quotations represent
the range of prices paid on this mar
ket :
Beef steers. hayfed-grass,
good to choice $5.75.<?» 4.25
Beef steers, hayfed-grass,
fair to good 3.0003.75
Beef steers, hayfed-grass,
common to fair 2.504/3.00
Cows and heifers, hayfed
grass, good to choice .... 2.754/3.15
Cows and heifers, hayfed
grass, fair to good 2.304/2.75
Cows and heifers, hayfed
grass, common to fair . . . 1.75(712.25
Cannei I 2.00
! Calves, veal, good to choice 1.00(5/4.50
Calves, veal, fair to good.. 3.00(5/4.00
Bulls, stags, etc 1.50(7/3.00
Ft - del . F. P. R., good to
choice 3.006/3.50
Feeders. F. i\ It., common to
medium 2.506/3.00
Stockers, F. P. It., good to
choice 1.756/3.25
Stockers. F. P. It., common
to in--ilium 2.2541 2.75
Hogs.
Comparative Receipts
Year to dale 110,845
Same period last year 111,037
Increase 29.50 S
The following quotations represent
the prices paid on tills market:
Choice heavy $5,604/ 5.75
Light and mixed paeckrs... 5.750 5.85
• Sheep.
Consultative Receipts- -
Year to date 152,198
Same period last year 84.580
Increase 68,612
Wethers, muttons $1,250)5.00
Yearlings -1.60416.25
l-lwes, muttons 4.0004.50
I.anibs 6.00(0 6.75
Feeding wethers, F. I*. R.. 3.754/4.50
Feeding lambs. F. P. R 5.004/5.60
Slock sheep 2.500)4.50
Grain.
Wheat, choice milling, per 100 lbs..
$1.12. Ityc. Colorado, hulk, per 100
ll»s. t 80**. oats. bulk. Nebraska, new.
white, $1.10; mixed. $1.08; in sack. Col
orado. white, sl.lO. Corn. In bulk.
98c. Corn chop, sacked, $1.05. Bran,
Colorado, per 100 lbs., 85c.
Hay.
Upland, per ton, $10.00(5(11.00; sec
ond bottom. $8.00669.00; timothy,
timothy and clover, $11.00;
alfalfa, prime, $7,001/7.50; straw.
$5.50; South Park wire grass, $15.00.
Dressed Poultry.
Turkeys, fancy dry picked. 214/ 22
Turkeys, choice 18 ft 19
Turkeys, culls 100 12
Hens, fancy 13%
Hens, choice 12%
Hens, medium 104/) 11
Hens, culls 56/> 6
Springs, lb 15
Broilers, lb 1®
Roosters, old 7
Geese, lb 114/ 12
Ducks, lb 114/> 12
Ducks, springs, lb 12® 13
Live Poultry.
Broilers. 1b 134/) 14
Hens, lb 110 12
Roosters, lb * r *
Ducks, lb 12(0) 13
Turkeys, lb 174/) IS
Geese, lb 94/- I<>
Pigeons, dozen 60
Butter.
Elgin market, firm 21
Creameries, extra. C 010... 214/ 23
Creameries, extra, eastern 214/ 23
Creameries, firsts. Colorado
and eastern IS® 20
Pro/ess and renovated
goods, lb 174? 19
Daily, choice, lb 16
Dairy, medium grade II
Packing stock, fresh 15
Eggs.
Eggs, fresh, loss off $5,700)6.00
Eggs, fresh, case count .... 4.5005.00
Bacon Formally Appointed.
Oyster Bay. Sept. s.—President
Roosevelt yesterday announced offi
cially the appointment of Robert Ba
con of New York to be first assistant
secretaip of state, to succeed Francis
B. Loomis. The announcement was
accompanied by a statement that Mr.
Bacon would not assume the duties of
his office for some time, perhaps until
about the middle of October, after Sec
retary Root lias become settled iu thu
•fflee of secretary of state.

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