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KNOWN THROUGHOUT DIE METROPOLIS FOR
HER GENEROSITY TO THE UNFORTUNATE IVI rs. Thomas Fortune Ryan, One of the Most Philanthropic, as She Is One of the Most Wealthy, New York Women Who Devote Their Dives to Doing Good to Others. SPENDS A MILLION DOLLARS YEARLY ON HER VARIOUS CHARITABLE SCHEMES. Wife of Wall Street Baron, She Lives Plainly, Builds Churches, Helps Hospitals, and Spends All Her Spare Moments Making Baby Clothes for the Poor —Gives Without Ostentation, and to All Who Are Worthy and Unfortunate. Day In and day out she sits and | knits and knits and knits, with a j steadfastness of purpose that ruled the lingers of Mme. Jacobin. But the j stitches she takes are not the record of evil destinies. They mean succor j for the sick and heavy-laden, work for Idle hands, bread for the hungry, : enlightenment for the untutored. Gentle, sympathetic, intensely pious, a home-lover and a home-maker, Is I this woman —this mother In the old-1 fashioned meaning of the word, the ; wife of Thomas Fortune Ryan. The characteristics of Thomas Ryan, money-making prince and Wall street baron, in away also rule In the life of Mrs. Ryan, builder of churches. I hospitals and schools, and the little known but enthusiastic cooperator in every move making for the botterment of the human kind. It has been said of her husband that he has had a fin ger In every big financial pie In the last decade. She has had a hand in nearly every phllanthroplcal work In New York. Virginia, the District of Columbia and the southwest in that time. She Is now giving away more than $ 1.000.000 a year. This woman, of whom the world knows practically nothing, has built more churches, hospitals and schools «ad endowed more places for the wor ship of God than perhaps any other living person. She gave $1,000,000 last year alone to the churches and schools of Virginia, her native state. Publicity is Mrs. Ryan’s bete noir. To give without ostentation Is the only way to give, according to her belief. There is no difference between Mrs. Ryan of 30 years ago and the Mrs. Ryan of to-day. It was of no moment to the public then what she did or did not do. She cannot understand why It should be interested now. She counts herself as doing no more than the wife of a poor man who gives of a slim purse to others She gives ■ from a richer purse, that’s all. Old-fashioned as Mrs. Ryan is, she j Is a woman combining all the business qualities and foresight demanded by I the times. She is a woman of affairs, yet her home life comes first. A glimpse into the* fuvorite residence of Mrs Ryan—the old Min turn house, on the northwest corner of Fifth ave nue and Twelfth street Is a mental bath after the glitter and glare and garnishness one usually meets In the homes of the rich, declares a writer in the New York Times. You enter through a high-coilinged hall, draped with soft garnet hangings. A paint ing of the master of the house has a place of honor there, and on the walls are a few good engravings. This hall is like those found in all the (Inc old southern mansions. On the first floor are the library, drawing-room and smoking hall. But It Is up a wide staircase to the second floor that one must go to find a roopi about 20 feet square, furnished with chintz-cove rod chairs, hung with pictures, such as have long since been consigned to the fashionable and wealthy to dusty attic corners, and strewn with sewing tables, chests, a tea table and a music box. Everything is old-fashioned, with one exception, and that is an up-to-date desk, with a telephone attachment, which stands unobtrusively in a corner. This is the room, with its windows Ailed with red gt raniums the year round, where Mrs. Ryan plans her good works, which the wealth of her husband exe •cutes. There Is never an idle moment when Mrs. Ryan Is in that sitting-room of hers. No visitor is so Important, no conversation so interesting, as to ab sorb her entire attention. She has a sympathy for the comfort and in terests of the friends who go to her there, but always begins the visit with: "You won't mind my going on with my knitting, will you?” Not very long ago. when Cardinal Human Vampire’s Just of Money By MAGISTRATE DANIEL E. FINN. Of New York City Court. which, wretched and low as it is, is infinitely superior to the thing that profits by its ignorance. It will take money dripping with blood and reeking with the worst there is and laugh at you while it is doing it. The greatness and brutality of man’s inhumanity to man and the whole world's wolfishness toward woman, as seen from a police mag istrate’s bench, sometimes shakes our belief in the things learned at .Sunday school. The love of money has got the world in a frenzy, and nothing counts against it. It kills the love of home and family; it makes repulsive, ugly, slimy things out of men and women who seem fair enough to look at, ,-until you hear them open their mouths in a vawp that has only money Gibbons called upon Mrs. Ryan, his eminence was shown to the sitting-room where Mrs. Ryan was busy, between telephone calls, knitting a baby’s pink and white sack. After a formal salu tation to the churchman, her fine white fingers began to ply the yarn in the weave again. “You will pardon mv doing this, your eminence," smiled Mrs. Ryan, "but if I worked only when alone some babies wouldn't be as warm as I like them to be.’’ "And whose baby are you working so hard to clothe?” asked the card inal. "Oh. ft poor dear little girl who will appreciate it," and then the subject was changed, but uot the thoughts of Mrs. Ryan. A few friends who have been in the sitting-room many times can tell of dozens of packages of baby clothes made by the nimble Angers of the rich Mrs. Ryan. And besides, she keeps a corps of sewers making chil dren’s garments, which are delivered to her residence and by her given in person to that most unfortunate of all the classes, the proud poor, who will not ask at the doors of charitable in stitutions or clothing bureaus for aid. Mrs. Ryan calls that person her friend who tells her of such people in need. There Is a score of families, rem nants of broken-down aristocracy, whose sole support lies in the fine needle-work which Mrs. Ryan gives to women otherwise unfitted for the bur den of self-support. Over in the south corner of the sit ting-room there Is a big chest with many drawers, each carrying some ab breviated label. In this chest are kept exquisite alter linens, the making of which has been the liberal support of i families In need. As fast as these supplies are accumulated they are , sent out to poor missions or heavily : mortgaged parishes where the people ( are unable to contribute such things. There Is another chest full of baby things, and. dearest of all to the heart iof Mrs. Ryan, a well-filled medicine chest. I "I don’t believe you look well." said Mrs. Ryan to a little needlewoman re turning a package of fine linen one •lay. "How do you feel? Do you ever cough?" And in the end the woman went away with three bottles of hypo phosphites. which would have cost her as many dollars. Mrs. Ryans life has not been with out cloud and bitter grief. Death and long illness have weighed heavily on the mother-heart, and that great flood of sympathy given her by nature Is ever wide to a fellow sufferer. Long and intimate acquaintance with illness has given her practical knowledge, and she knows more about medicine than many a man with a license. Two of her boys have been stricken down with lung trouble, and the great white plague holds greater terrors for her than any other physical affliction. She has given of her financial and personal aid toward the cure of those afflicted with this disease. "I am more afraid of a sneeze than of a sprain, and a cough than a broken bone." she said one day. "Oh. I just can't talk about It. It breaks my heart | to think of the flower of the manhood ! and young motherhood of our country , being cut down by this terrible curse. I When I think of other mothers who ' have seen their young sons lie down in their youth before their life work j had begun, victims of this disease, I : long to do something. anything, to help find a cure fir it all." A tear dropped on the ivory knit ting needles and the usually placid features of the kindly face set in an expression of suffering. A ring of the telephone bell and the knitting was put aside. “Oh. is that you, Mary? Now, don’t assume that coldly polite manner and pay nice things about appreciation and all that business. It's purely a busi- The human vam pire is a terrible thing, and we see him in the police court in all his hideousness. It fattens on the immorality of men and women, puts its claws in the pockets of the push-cart h u m anit y. ness deal. You are not fit to work, and you know you are not. Suppose you die, who’ll take care of the , mother? “Oh, oh. oh. that cough! Now’, look here, little friend of mine, you do as | I ask. or you will make me very, very unhappy. What good would any money of mine do me if I thought people I am Interested in and like would die rather than let me help them? Now. look here, you go up into the mountains until you get well and strong again, and then you can come back and pay me back, if you want to, some day. Let me look out for things for awhile — "Lose your position? Good thing! I’ll get you a better one. Now. I am busy knitting. You tell your chief to night you won’t he there for a couple • of months, and come around here to morrow morning at ten o’clock. I am going to put some things aside and wait for you. Good-by, and God bless you! ” If you wandered into the big sit ting-room any day you would hear ' many talks like that. Mrs. Ryan is a great traveler, and owing to the 111 health of one of her boys, who has been compelled to spend so much of his life in arid lands of the southwest, she frequently takes the six-days’ Journey from New York to the Painted Desert in Arizona. During these trips she always travels In her private car "Pere Marquette," which includes in its furnishings a conse crated altar and all the fittings for the celebration of mass. At such services her car is always thrown open to any in the villages who may wish to at tend. It was because of her son's ill-healtli and necessitated stay in the southwest that Mrs. Ryan interested herself in the missions to the Indians. She has built 11 churches throughout the southwest and she has done much for tuberculosis sufferers in that region. There are tent villages outside of Phoenix. Tucson, Mesa and a score of other desirable places where con sumptives find Nature’s cure, which lias been furnished supported by Mrs. Ryan for afflicted men and wom en whoso means made such measures impossible. Mrs. Ryan's faith In humanity is only surpassed by her faith in Al mighty God. She is a lover of her fel- Mi c/m TV Wi/C/t WO m COfitPfUTDTOhWK Tf/ff Ryan /j a h/o/ffi/vOT simwfa rfT rvst'wr SUSOfiO/AMTSD TV TM S B MgiJ —u MtiP GJT£/irfJr /<5 ftfHfLP/HG r/f£ 5/C/T low beings and a friend to all women. ? Although a devout Roman Catholic. S her aid goes out to any good cause, ir- I respective of creed. But first and fore- 1 most in the interests of her life is the i welfare of the mother church. She f has the privilege granted to but few’ 1 laymen, of having a private chapel in her residence, and she has the distinc tion of owning the only traveling chapel in the country, there being only I one other in the world, that owned by : the queen of Spain. ■ But it is not only in the far west < and to such charities as ride on a pub- I lie wave of sentiment that Mrs. Ryan's < heart and purse are ever open. In the I for its theme, and you sec that the only motive that is propelling the living thing is the unholy, rapacious, vulture-like desire to gain a dol lar or two or to keep from letting one go. The insolence of people who feel the power of money they possess, gotten by foul or fair means, is as had in its way of decency on the part of those poor creatures who are trying to get it by any of the means that have as incidents in the getting of it frequent appearance in the police court. The insolence of money goes to turn the socalistic spirit of the ig norant into anarchy. The man with money and the power that it gives him, who uses it to do good things in modesty, is about one in a hundred of the other kind. The man with the automobile and the insolence of a new fortune, who shouts “Hi! Hi!” at the pedestrian, tries to break a policeman when lie’s arrested for speed-law infringement and shows his con tempt for people in court, is one of the best cartoons on the insolence and growing aristocracy of money that any man could create. The world follows the fashion because so few individuals can think for themselves, and it’s the fashion to reverence the man who gets the money. Reverence for the man who gets the money leads to the utter obliteration of the human feelings. i common, everyday, homely charities, which the average philanthropist falls |to heed. Mrs. Ryan's thoughts have not been found wanting. There are two beds at St. Vincent’s hospital, for i instance, reserved especially for sick and worn-out telephone operators. The chief operators of every telephone ex change are notified regularly that such provision has been made for the care of the telephone girls, and when the i two beds are full. Mrs. Ryan’s purse is ever open to supply more if needed. If Mrs. Ryan hear-* of a boy or girl who has shown any talent and has i not the means of developing it, her ! handsome, motherly face brightens with one of her happy smiles as she says: "I am so glad I can do this . little thing for some other mother’s , hoy.’’ It is always "a little thing” . that Mrs. Ryan does, whether it be to build a churchr, a hospffai, a school, I or help the ill In body or mind. It’s ( always “a little thing" for the hands which give a million dollars a year for good work to spend long hours ■ making baby clothes for some little | one whose mother finds life a poorly I fed, overworked, back-breaking prob • lem. It's “a little thing” to take a I worn-out shop girl away from her ’ drudgery for a month or two of rest . and comfort where God's air is pure , and undeflled. It’s a little thing’’ to : send some young boy with a hard • cough and red spots on his cheek bones i out into the eternal sunshine of the . southwest for a new lease of life. It’s , "a little thing” to go out personally i and hunt employment for the support • er of some family, to provide com . forts and necessities for families in want, to make employment for men i and women unfitted for the responsl • billties which have fallen upon them, i It’s “a little thing" to educate ambl i tious boys and girls, ami to do all these ; "little things, with just one stipula r tlon: “You won't say anything about it, except sometimes remember me in f a little prayer.” f In the big public subscriptions - where donors’ names are advertised i for what they have done. Mrs. Thom • as F. Ryan’s name Is never seen. - Avoiding always publicity, she is the i same quiet, retiring, great-hearted woman who came to New York the • girl wife of Tom Ryan, a clerk with - nothing but a babj and a genius for - making money, 34 years ago. Thera are women in the old Jesuit parish on Sixteenth street who still remember the sympathetic little woman who lived there a quarter of a century ago, and who helped many an unfortunate from the earnings Thomas Ryan brought home on Saturday night. Labor Unions in Holland. Every department of labor Is united in Holland and all other departments. So the other night the spectacle was seen at the Amsterdam opera house of a crowd of bootmakers and cob blers wrecking the performance of an opera for w%ch nonunion chorjsters had been enlisted. FARM, ORCHARD & GARDEN MONEY IN THE GARDEN. The family garden usually pays a greater profit on the labor bestowed on it than any other portion of the i farm, even when managed by the old fashioned method of small plats and beds and hand cultivation. This be ing the case, it surely can be made to pay a much greater ratio of profit by planning to plant every thing possi ble in long rows far enough apart so as to work them with a horse and cultivator, thus greatly relieving ■ your own muscles. And the saving in cost of cultivations is only a small part of the benefit of the long row arrangement. It will naturally lead to a much more frequent and thorough cultivation of our garden crops. Many farmers nre prone to neglect the garden on account of their field crops, and as under their management the manual labor in the former is much greater, they are more inclined to give their time and attention to the lat ter which might not be the case were it so arranged that the labor was no greater. The important advantage of a frequent stirring of the surface soil among all our growing crops, we are convinced it is too often greatly un derestimated. It is said that it pays to hoe the cabbage every morning dur ing the early part of the season, and although this may be carrying it to , the extreme, we are convinced that a more frequent cultivation than is orlinarily given might prove profita ble. The frequent breaking of the crust admits of a freer circulation of the air to the roots, and aids them to make the most of all the dews and rains which fall. The manufacture and assimilation of plant food gets on more rapidly and to a certain extent, cultivation is found to be a substltuto for manure. Next to actual arrigatiou, frequent and continual surface culti vation aids in securing and retaining moisture and supplying it the grow ing plants. More moisture is lost by evaporation through hard, compact soil, than is used by the w-hole crop. Another benefit derived from the long row- system is the almost certain en largement of the fruit and vegetabh garden. SUMMER SHADE TOR POULTRY. When poultry are confined during the summer to yards of varying di mensions, there must be a certain amount of shade provided in order to keep them in the best condition. The shade of a building for a portion of the day is all right, although the shade of bushes or trees is more de sirable. If the poultry yard is located where it is not possible to obtain I shade in the manner indicated, it is a good plan to either train vines over a portion of the poultry fence on the sunny side. In a few weeks this will be high enough to provide consider able shade and as it grows, of course, will furnish more shade. If It is possible to locate the poul try yard where there are bushes or trees of no particular value it will be a good plan to arrange it in this way. so that the fowls may have the bene fit not only of the shade, but of dust ing in the soil under the trees or plants. If a fair amount of shade is provid ed during the summer with an abund ance of fresh, cool water during the day, and the fowls allowed to run for nn hour or two just before roosting time, most of the breeds will bear confinement very well. It will be a little hard on the smaller and more active fowls like the Leghorns, but the Wyandottes and Plymouth Rocks will stand the confinement and keep in good condition. GARDEN NOTES. It Is a question with gardeners whether it pays to stake tomatoes or let them grow their natural way upon the ground. I have tried near ly all wavs, and unless I am growing only a few plants for home use. I pre fer simply to trim the vines of some of the leaves and let them alone, but If one wishes to grow some fancy fruit it is best to trellis or stage. My method of staking is simple, easy and not expensive. I set a post at each end of every row of plants, and then stretch a No. 12. I then trim off all the lower leaves of the plants and tie it to the lath. I cut the back ends of the vines and arrange them so that the fruit will be exposed to the light as much as possible. By this method I have been able to secure ripe, choice fruit ten days earlier than on those which were'allowed their “own sweet will.” The raspberry, blackberry and dew berry will need careful thinning out and short pruning of the bearing canes, and then, after the fruit is well set, take off one-half or two-thirds of the berries, and keep down the young ! sprouts and canes so that the strength will go to the berries. Fertilize with four pounds muriate of potash and two pounds of nitrate of soda per square rod. For next year’s fruiting, grow the canes for this especial purpose, re taining about one-fourth as many canes as usual and then treat the -same as above; picking, handling, wrapping and packing the same aH for th* strawberry. Fine clusters anil where they can be retained should be shipped as clusters after wrapping. Twisting the canes often causes i them to produce large fruit. and water is often used with one pound muriate of potash and one-half ni trate of soda to 20 gallons of water , to help Increase the size, especially if j the weather is dry. Mulching is nec essary and watering can be done safely. A writer says do not change breeds every time you hear of a new one. 1 There is no perfect breed, for they • all have good points and bad points , if you look close enough. When you get a breed that most suits you. breed It until it comes np to your ideal. SPROUTS. In setting arbor vitae for a hedge, let them be small, and set them about two or three feet apart. Keep them well headed and trimmed low until the bottom is well filled, or they will never look well afterward. If kept free from gi*ass nd occasionally ma nured there is no reason why they should not last lifetime. If you can get your strawberry plants now. taking them up from the old beds with a ball of earth, you can have a good crop next June, for they will make almost as good a start as i pot-grown ones. Of course. after they are started much depends upon the care and nourishment you give them. To prevent the evils of excessive pruning, commence when the tree.s are young to rub off superflous buds and to cut off the small twigs. Con stantly keep the form and growth un der control. There will then be no check to either vigor or fruitfulness. In setting grape vines, dig large holes and cover the bottom with old bones, cast-off boots and shoes and leaf mold. These make a store of plant food for the vine to draw upon for a long time. If the rot is among the tomatoes, pick every one that shows signs of the disease and throw them away. This often arrests the course of the disease. So long as the weather is dry. leave potatoes in the ground, but dig them as soon as rains come, to prevent second growth. Mulch the young orchard with straw after having the soil in good condi tion. This will protect the roots dur ing the winter. If fruit is given spec'll care from the planting to the gathering and marketing it always brings the best price. Where trees do not make a satis factory growth it denotes lack of plant food, or too much water in the soil. Don’t neglect the young trees this month. Keep the soil stirred on the surface. THIRSTY BEES. Just at this time when every bee counts in keeping up the heat of the hive and in caring for the young brood it is important that a suitable watering place should be provided in order that no more of the hold-over workers shall be lost in drinking at ditches and troughs than cap l>e helped. A simple Watering arrangement and one that will serve the purpose of providing the bees a permanent place which they will patronize quite regularly in a short time is made with a box or table. Tack on a piece of burlap or coarse canvas with a barrel or keg located at the upper edge. The barrel should be kept filled with fre«h water and cov ered while the water trickles out of a small gimlet hole near the bottom and spreads slowly across the table through the meshes of the goods. This forms an ideal foothold for the bees while they sip the water without dan ger of drow’ning or being disturbed. Bees do not swarm every year, but only such years as give a bountiful supply of honey. It seems by natural instinct they can. at least to seme ex tent, foretell the season. It requires a good honey flow to induce them to swarm, and in this they seldom make a mistake. We have very frequently noticed that when little or no attempt is made to swarm, and also at a time of a very good honey flow, that it fol lowed a poor honey season. On the other hand, when it seemed that all energy was bent In the direction oi swarming, a large crop of honey was the result. Bees often make all prep arations for swarming, and the swarm is due to come ofT, but they failed to come, and swarming was given up for the time being, the surplus queens or queen cells being destroyed. It is a good plan to have a box of salt and ashes —half and half—placed where the hogs can run to It and cat what they want. This mixture acts as a tonic, avoids constipation, and is all the medicine a hog will need, if he has good pure water to drink, all the feed he will need, and a clean dry place in which to sleep. There is no more reason why a hog should be everlastingly drugged with medicine than there is for a person to lie tak ing medicine all the time. Sanita tion is better than drugs for hogs. Some men spend time and money to keep a horse in good trim and look ing neat so it may take the premium at the county fair, but they never have any time to look after the wel fare of their boys and girls. Does it seem to you that this is right? One great advantage which sheep husbandry offers over other lines of stock raising is the small amount of labor required In the care of sheep. When we are striving for decreased cost of production this saving of la bor is no small item. Muzzle the horses when plowing or cultivating around trees. Yes, and don’t forget to pad the outer end of each whiffletree. But if a tree is acci dentally "barked” bandage the wound with cow manure and burlap. When the hot summer days corue be sure to provide shade for your yarded chicks. They will sicken and die if exposed all day to the hot sun. Also see thnt they have plenty of fresh drinking water. Early maturity Is sought In fitting hogs for market. A steady growth from birth to maturity should be sought, finish at as early an age as possible. The cow that sucks herself, or that leaks her milk, or is troublesome to milk, or is hefidy. should be fattened and marketed..as soon as possible. Feed growing chicken* liberally, avoiding too much corn. DAIRY DOINGS. Exquisite cleanliness is absolutely necessary in every part of the dairy, and not on “the outside of the cup” only. The dairyman has just as many perplexing problems to solve as the man of affairs in the city. Brains and brawn are absolutely necessary to make dairying a success. Many farmers regard dairying a side issue and are unwilling to provide modern machinery to lessen the la bors of the housemother, who strug gles with the time honored but tiro some ways of long ago. A "dairy” dream of the future Is one that shows a United States "gauger" stationed at each large dairy (by the time they all will be large), whose business it will be to test the output, saddle It with a cer tificate, put a price upon it and send it to market. It Is claimed for St. Lawrence county. New York, that more milk Is produced in the county than any oth er in the United States. The cheese output in 1904 was 13.777.899 pounds, and butter output 8,029,20G pounds. Together with what milk and cream v.as shipped out this would mean a total production of 322.G9G.977 pounds of milk. In round numbers the dairy income of the county in 1903 was $3,- 250,000. In speaking of the wealtli of Hol land. Prof. H. H. Dean said: "It is one of the wealthiest countries accord ing to population of any in the world. Now how have they made this money? How have they been able to produce the marvelous wealth which has ac crued to that very small country? They have made it out of agriculture and the particular branch of agricul ture which they have given special attention to Is that of keeping cows and the production of dairy goods. HORTICULTURAL NOTES. Prune the orchard now and cut out useless branches. Leave more limbs that will give symmetry to the tree. How Is your woodpile, is it low down? The old dead apple trees cut up will replenish It, and now is the time. The tree that blew over is not worth pushing up. for it will blow over again. Make firewood of it and plant a new one in its place. Sweden has a law requiring the planting of two trees for every one cut down. Why wouldn't that be a good idea in this country? If the cellar la warm. look out for rotting apples. Do not keep the cel lar shut up tight, open it at night and let in the air, and close it oa warm days in the morning. j Plant memorial trees on the birth days of your children and they will always have a monument. Of course if the birthday comes in midwinter, better wait until spring to plant. It is interesting to note how well trees remember good care that they have received the previous season. Really a large share of the thrift of a tree depends upon the store of nourishment and vitality laid up tho year before. Wrap long stemmed rose bushes with rye straw or gunny sacking. The object Is not to prevent freezing, but to guard against alternate thaw ing and freezing out and to moder ate sudden changes in weather. ~HOG NOTES Keeping the hog house clean keeps disease away. Pure water adds greatly to tho growth and health of hogs. For brood sows, select only tho thriftiest and best from a drove. Clover or alfalfa pasture is a good thing to tie to in raising pigs. Try it. Outs make n good feed for fattening hogs. It will balance the ration when fed with corn. The annual production of swine in the United States is estimated at 47,- 000,000 head. The ideal sow for n mother is not lay; restful and quiet in her disposi tion, still a good rustler. Study your conditions and select the breed that will nearest meet those con ditions and then stick to the breed. Ancestry counts for much in select ing breeding boars and sows. Individ* ualfty, however, must not be lost sight of. The hanking institution of the farms of the corn belt is tlie hog pen. Not a month of the year passes but what it cun be drawn upon. Don't make the mistake of trying to carry pigs through the summer on pasture alone. Give a small ration of grain daily while grazing. NOVICES AND INCUBATORS. Recently a gentleman said that he I had a mortgage on a farm and was i inclined to buy a number of incuba tors and put them on the farm in charge of his brother. He thought he could thus build up a good poul try business. His idea seemed to be that all he had to do waj to put the money into the work and it would run itself. On inquiry, it was found that he knew nothing at all about poultry culture. The writer advised him to go slow, as there is no branch of farm ing that does not have to be learned. It is not for the benefit of poultry sci ence to have men rush into poultry raising in this way. They must ap proach the business from a proper standpoint to make a success of It. Unless the breeder is accustomed to look for lice on hogs, he may fail to i find them. Under the ears in the wrinkles about the head, under the flank, or legs is a good place for them to work. Dip the hogs and prevent the lice from getting a foothold. Pigs intended for breeding purposes should be separated from those intend ed for market and given a ration con taining more protein. With dairy stock, more than with anything else with which the farmer has to do, merit must be settled by test. Don’t forget to give your young chicks charcoal. It aids digestion and prevents bowel trouble. Keep the bens quiet and comfora hie, and do not allow them to be wor ried or frightened. Pekin ducks are extraordinarily prolific, often laying from early in the spring until midsummer.