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SAN FRANCISCO Citizens Make Marvelous Progress in the Work of Restoration. New Buildings, Finer Than Those Destroyed by the Earthquake and Fire, Goimj Up on Every Side “City Beautiful** a Matter of Time. Hah Pmnolirii. One of tin* wnrl>Vi great Mights In Han Francisco. ('Hire lihvii boon ruined uml allies have covered them, hut never heruru tin* dor modern uondlt lohh A city nilncil by earthquake uml fire In tho old • iny »i mount Uml tlin linn* of recovery would equal llin UKd of Hid oily up to Him hour of Its dcetfuctlnn In Hi In ««'• llio very evidences of destruction nn> Luriidd Into agencies of ropnlriiml liii|irpvonidul. Khd liuh rarely fulled to bring n bon I hdller rondllloun In a clly, mid Han Francisco la no cxcop- Hon lo llio rule. Ii la not tho Ini provnuiont of Hid rlly I lint will niakc Hidiu niarvdl, liowdvdr. iim tniidli an Hie rapidity wllli which I lid work Will ||d llCdOUlpllHlldll. Tho darthi|linkd of April 18 ciniHdil a few million dollarH' damage |ioHHlbly $10,000,000 would cover that lohh. The Hid. wlilrli had full play after the •pinko hail lirokon the water iiiiiliih. liiirnod ovor'Glt squares. or *2,500 acres, or four Hipiaro ml low. the total lohh lioliik oh! I mated at $500,000,000. On thin properly there wiim ItiHiiriilirn amounting lo about $1115,000.000 Of tills Insurance about $150,000,000 bad been paid In cash to policyholders up to Heplember 15. Tti« fire, an everybody known, de stroyed (he business district of Han Francium, lint left the shipping and rcsldnncn districts Intart. t'ommereo mntlniied wltboul Interruption, ex cept Hiieli Incidental disturbances :m tho lorntlon of new storage plncoH and the neciimulatlon of freight. Thou sands of people left ill.’ city Immedi ately after the disaster, but compe tent authorities estimate that OS per rent of these rcfilKces have returned. Their homes being Intact they Had 1 hut Han Francisco is the place for them, after all, and they lire turning to rebuild the city, either with their capital or their labor. Bringing Order from Chaos. When the fire died down on April I. the people nr Ran Francisco were confronted with mighty problems, some of them demanding Instant solu tion As this article deals with the Han Francisco of the future and net of the past. It is not necessary to ko Into details regard I iik the remarkable ability shown by the committee of (If ty In providing for the wants of the hungry and shelterless, writes Ira lv Itonnett, In the New York Press That Is a story by Itself, and a most Inler estluK and Inspiring one. Another pressing problem, however, was that of clearing the streets In order that communication might be restored. Thirty six miles of streets were piled high with debris Within five months this enormous mass of material has been removed, trolley wires have been strung, street car traffic reestablished and a system of debris removal Inau gurated which dis|s»ses of 100 car loads a day If more labor were to be had the work would go much faster Admission da> was celebrated this 'ear on Monda>. September 10. I saw the city in that day for the first time since the disaster. The scene was appalling With the exception of a worker here and there, the destroyed d strict was destitute of laboring men llulns. ruins In every direction, ns far as the eye could see. millions of tons of bricks and mortar piled up In half destroyed basements, a strong brooxc blowing dust and ashes every when*; writhing steel beams and crumbling granite marking the sites of once Im posing buildings, and the very thought of bringing order out of chaos sufll dent to stagger the imagination On the next day a far different pic turn was precanted In every base ment was a gang of workman They struggled with girder*, plied brick. sift*\l good material from refuse, ban died pick and shovel, mixed mortar and loaded wagons with debris Thou sands of hns> hands were to be seen down every str**et. Thousands of teams went about on the simultane ous task of remotel and reconstruc tion. Little Lets of Population. To one familiar with the crowds $ rles famous, there does not appear to be any diminution of population The car system is wholly Inadequate, although herculean efforts have been made to establish communication. The ferries are as crowded as ever Theaters are tilled to suffin at lon The S: K: and* hotel put up a temporal> •tractor* In Union square and It a turning sway a hundred guests dally Othei hotels are filled and turning Hitch Your Wagon to a Star By MICHAEL L. PARDEN. Itrfl«tnr of W ater Sucrlr. Ncn York City. Pro** as well ns luck will lot you—■ Tho i\'*t dath often make the man The f.rs: .:■•>' of that :s what maki s :\ . : w.:h mo. There is about fen fee: '.v «' m.'-'top s word eouo.mg. uni it came to ni< ; tin • .. - from a 1\ r*. a.i prime who had his private yacht in the ha’ v at the : me that l wa> •.unvuor.iiij the water front "water grafts," an i 1 happened to lx* in a position to help him get his daily supply of '• .uvr oa iwatv witho.it having to pay extra toll for it. He sen 1 • . a letter of thanks when he sailed, and after he got over m Ins own To.: • d >*r . : h.e < mo . > j g-nmo string of philosophy, which 1 take a <-o npliment. m.;>u . . .. as ;t was especially tnm$litnl for me. A letter from o» prince's -secretary accompanying it tells me that people awuy It requlrea only a visit to Hnn FrnnclHco to dlaprovc the re port Hint the city has loaf half its population. The quake shook Ihe life out of some old firms and hastened the birth of many now ones. Dozens of stores bear the names of men who were clerka before April is. Merchants front other cities have slepped In and established bouses here, Competition Is keen, and money appears lo be more plentiful Hum for many years. The fltmncial soundness of Hun Francisco (him boon demonstrated in various ways. The bank clearings tire much larger than before the lire. Home of Hie new money comes from Instirnnco companies, of course, but not all of It. The business of the hanks Is greater than ever. In Rome of them withdrawals exceed deposits, but the money withdrawn Ih going Into reconstruction. Other bunks are piling up deposits. The other day a little Hurry was caused by an attempt ed run on tile Hibernia bank, one of the largest institutions In the coun try. It was a grotesque failure as a bank run. The bank has 80.000 ac counts. receiving no deposits ex ceeding $:i,000. It Ih reckoned as sol- id ns the treasury A few frightened women formed a line, obtained their money and then returned and depos ited It. With this exception public confidence In the banks has been ab solute. The scarcity of skilled and un skilled labor Is the chief drawback to rapid construction. Wages are e\ orbltnntly high, but this is the fault or contractor* ami proprietors rather than of the labor unions. The plumb ers and stationary engineers thought t 'hey saw a chance to get rich quick. Had raised their scale, but were not s is:ained by the labor council, which »* .• i amsleamation of all the unions. *'i'l the old w-nges were restored. Rut the owner* of buildings which were nearing completion at the time of the disaster are feverish In their anxiety to complete their buildings and obtain famine rentals, ami their tactics in raisins the wages of workingmen have caused labor prices to soar tin this emergency work plasterers art* 5 f ■ Mayors j ston* as ms, s*> to $lO, and .'the: skiT.ed labor In proportion Han Fran cisev* Is a paradise for a workingman Unskilled Labor in Demand. Unskilled labor l* hard to find. The Hitch your wagon to s star. Or Just as near it as you can. IV geni'e. If the world For the morrow always plan. Don't be timid don't be Don't borrow- coin or cooking pan. city needs ’20.000 skilled men and could employ .'IO,OOO unskilled labor o/n. Home of the shrewder unskilled men have clubbed together and form ed little companies of their own. They take a contract lo remove debris for a pii.e, :t,.S pc. form the work during the noon hour and in Hie night. As unskilled labor Is getting $4 a day. these willing workers who put In e.riru time are getting more money than they ever saw before. Id much of Hie burnt district work Is carried oi by electric light. Will Han Francisco ever be rebuilt? It; the «|tientlou asked by people 111 tje cast. The answer Is that I*rnnclsco Ih now being rebuilt. It >.-» not r, question of the distant future. 7he process Is visible to the nuked eye. Every steel building that was under construction at the time of the disaster Is being rushed to comple tion. Other buildings have been con tracted for. and with the rembvnl of debris and the arrival of muterlals the work will proceed. Nothing could be more absurd than to doubt the re covery of San Francisco from Its great misfortune. In the face of the work thut Ih actually In progress. 'The contract for the reconstruction of the I’ulnco hotel on Its old site, on a grander scale than ever, has been let. The St. Francis is now complet ing Its great steel annex. Business bouses are arranging to build newer and stronger structures than those which succumbed to Hu* conflagration of April 18 to 21. The city will not bp rebuilt In a day. or a year, but It v. HI go up with a remarkable quick ness. "City Beautiful'' Muit Wait. There bn* been much talk of a "city beautiful." with winding avenues about, the bills, broad boulevards, park (.xfonslcms, and so on. It was thought that with the buildings leveled to the ground the opportunity was open for the const ruction of a model mod ern city, uniting utility and bounty to a degree never yet approached In America A little study of the sit uation shows that this is nothing but a dream. San Francisco people have enough on their hands in the wav of getting into business again. In any sha|»e. without tackling the great task of forming a city on aesthetic lines. Here and there a street may be widened and a little park estab lished. but in the main there will be no attempt to reform the plans upon which the city was built. If It was difficult before the tire to obtain united action toward civic betterment, it IV doubly difficult now. when ever* man must look out for himself The railroads terminating at Han Francisco arc among tlu- most potent forces in rebuilding the city They saved Han Franc o from fade an 1 possible greater d;sa.-:« : during ih.» time of stress by «n :>irg away tlio«; sands •*: jv« q N. tie? of charge, ami bringing « ...y sa; j lies. Aficr the crisis the railroads turned in nnd assisted in the removal of debris. Temporary tracks were laid and rehabilitation was immensely as sisted Merchants ordered big stocks of goods from the east, aud the raii roads rushed the stuff to Han Fran .: was written mam wars ago by a near relation of that fellow. Omar Khayvam. who tin* historians say was a lent-maker who wrote po-,try for the mngn: :ie> that the clown fellows rv.;<: • . the- emmnai rich when the) were- having Invfsteak parties along the time that they were h'sehing Ch-opatra to use .i nursing bottle. The thing about it that strikes me n.o-; forcibly is that you can’t put any twist on the truth that will make it am stronger now than it wa« s wen ng ] - aid of a : . and interviewers to give them a boost. The higher you a.:.: in any game the v.\ >r. certain you are to hit something, ami *< tv all trying to make a scon- of some kind in life. If a man doesn't set his own aims high n one else wilL A man came to me for a place as a bookkeeper :n a big place' where a fr ond of mine had - me in ilusnoc. arid 1 said: “Von can’t i*c a bookkeeper.' You are only a porter.” and he r.■•.'lied : “Well, let’s str.rt for iho bookkeeping job an-1 maybe we'll land on some job between that and a raid throw-dow n,** He had th* “hitch-Your-wagor.-to-a-s-car*’ doa, tl right. cisco. There wan n time. Indeed, when the atuff piled up to such an extent an to paralyze the operation of the roada. Five thousand cars of freight were congested at San Fran cisco and Oakland Ry heroic ef forts the lingering freight wa.s dis posed of and a serious situation re lieved. Now that the railroads are able to look after their own business, they are expending great Hums in permanent Improvement, which will facilitate the reconstruction of tho city. Insurance Sitcwtion Hurt*. The Insurance situation at San Francisco is exasperating to those who happened to have policies, in shaky or dishonest companies, but on the whole the lapses of these com panies have not affected the city as seriously us eurly rejiorts indi cated. Neurly one-half of all losses has been paid. Considering the fact that Insurance records, as well as everything else, went up in smoke, this Is a fairly good showing for five months. Fay ment s are being made through the banks at the rate of near ly $1,000,000 a day. The money goes Into circulation for the most part, and the resulting activity overshad ows the fuel that hundreds of other policy holders are waiting for a set tle ment. The people of San Francisco per sonally and through their commercial organizations, are watching the insur ance companies with a jealous eye. Companies that come to the front with money are reaping a harvest of new business, while those which fought for time or actually repudiated their obligations In whole or in part will be made to smart for It. The chamber of commerce Is mak ing up n list of honest and dishonest companies. The (‘alllfornla delegation In congress will have something to say on Ihe subject next winter. Tho names of_ defaulting companies arc to be sent broadcast through tho world, and the opinion Is universal In Han Francisco that in Hie long run tho defaulting companies will dis cover thut they played a losing game when they defrauded policy holders of their rights. Insurance litigation promises to become great. Policy holders who j have money enough to light are not slow in Invoking the aid of the courts. One or two important ruses already I have been decided, but the critical i question is yet to Imj passed upon. This question Is as to Hie part played by the earthquake in causing lire losses. Policies are variously word ed. but in the main they provide that puynient shall not be made if the loss is caused "directly or Indirect ly" by earthquake or other act of Hod. Of course. If there hud been no earthquake there would have been no lire, but the man whose house was consumed three days after tho quake does not think the indirect cause is quite close enough to the effect to Justify the insurance com panies In repudiating all liability. Show True American Grit. During the disaster tho good budior nnd self-possession of San Francis cans astonished the world. Now, in the long tug of disposing of tho ashes nnd rebuilding the city, this g«vxl humor never deserts them, and they are a* confident as though they were beginning n city for the first time. There is inspiration in num bers. comfort in common trouble, and a spirit of brotherhood that has not deserted them, although it is not ns marked as it was during times of danger. The love of good cheer in the way of eating, drinking and lis tening to music Is as strong ns ever. The climax is a continual tonic, nnd Invites to hard work. The very size of their disaster seems to nerve tho Han Franci cans to hasten the recon struction of the new city. They come very near to boasting when they show their ruins, and some of them display a remarkably fresh memory of his tory by comparing their disaster with the fate of other cities that have per ished by i arthquakc and fire, and risen again According to these men. who cite history while making it. the only bonfire that excelled San Francisco's was that which con sumed Rome in Nero’s time. The great fires of London. Boston. Chi cago and Baltimore were mere hints of what a real conflagration can do. So say these dusty, smiling, tireless Han Franciscans, who revel in tho advertising that their city has ob tained Their belief in the speedy reconstruction of the city 1* absolute, ami they are backing their belief with money and energy that balks at All Looked Alike. Uncle K.ph ha I long blasted that he had never needed the tr.icos .if a doctor, but m w lie was ill. and his ,e >r :**l: that the time h.i I come ■.y v i i a :»,y;u:s.i should is- j.>. \ «ve will rail whomever you wish — you know there's a good allopath and a good homeopath, and there's a new doctor, an osteopath. Now. who’ll you have?" "VYal." drawled Uncle Eph. "J dun no ex it matters —they do say that all paths lead to the grave!" HORTICULTURE SCION AND STOCK. The Relation of the One to the Other in Producing Fruit. Everybody knows that when a scion !•'» Inserted in a tree the fruit which it produces is that of the scion and net of the stock. There have always baen some who believed, on general principles, that the stock had some influence on the fruit, even if it could n. t l)e perceived. An imperceptible Influence 13 hardly worth inquiring into, but some study has been given bj competent observers, whose con clusion is that the root systems of sc mo stocks were better purveyors of nutriment than others, so that scions grafted into them might pro duce more or larger fruit than when grafted into other stocks with which equally good unions were made. Hut tire curiosity of modern investigators is insatiable, and some people have been trying to find out how it is that a quince root, for example, will pro duce a pear, or an almond root a plum. Some have thought that It was the leaves which did the trick, which was a rather natural theory, because the sap is digested and the nutriment assimilated in the leaves. To deter mine tills point, says an exchange, scions of the yellow transparent apple w»ro inserted into branches of the wild crub. After fruit spurs were formed all leaves were removed from the graft and # none allowed to form during the season, so that all of the , sap was elaborated by the leaves of the wild crab. At the same time an other scion of the same yellow trans parent tree was Inserted into a twig of the same branch and allowed to : form its own leaves, lloth of those j grafts bore fruit this season, and the general verdict is that no difference either In siz*\ color or flavor can be detected. In both instances the fruit Is clearly yellow transparent. This experiment would seem to indicate that It makes no difference from whence the sap comes, the fruit will n.nmin true to its kind. TO SAVE ARM STRAIN. Handy Shoulder Harness to Help Car ry Heavy Baskets. A great deal of unnecessary arm strain can be avoided by using the de- The Handy Basket Support. vice shown in the cut. A broad leath er strap has two snap-hooks stitched in at either end. the whole just long enough to go about the shoulders and snap into the handles of any basket or box that it may be desired to carry with apples, potatoes or other articles. You will be surprised to see how easily the shoulders will carry a burden that would make the arms ache. Besides, says Farm Journal, the arms can help the shoulders In this case. BORERS AND SUN SCALD. Suggestions for the Setting Out of Shade Trees. Tn my experience the borers and sun scald are the greatest obstacles to the growing of shade trees. I have found it to be a good plan to coat the trees with some kind of paint soon after planting the trees. In planting It is well to remove quite a large por tion of the top part, to enable the tree to withstand the loss of a part of its roots when it is taken out of the ground. In digging up trees a very large portion of the ends of the roots is left in the ground. The roots so left contain rootlets and feeding hairs in large numbers. As the root takes its food through these root hairs, it is evident that when the tree Is placed in new ground it is very de ficient in ability to take in food and moisture enough to supply a large top. In setting out trees, do not put tVem close together. If they are on lawns. 1 think that 60 or SO feet Is close enough, and for the street 40 or 50 feet. Trimming is necessary to get a more dense shade and better shape. RIPENING PEACH WOOD. Much can be done to make trees endure more cold and to ripen wood and fruit buds before cold weather. Cultßate early in the season to make best growth possible, then stop cul ture in early August. Last of August cut about one-third of this year's growth off to cause the ripening of wood and fruit buds. All tall limbs should be cut off. leaving trees six to nine feet high. 1 use long handled fruit shears and can trim from 50 to 150 trees a day. I have no experience in irrigating fruit trees or fruit plantations. With reasonable cultivation 1 think that fruit trees do not need irrigation in this part of the state except in ex -eniely dry weather When a drouth tomes the tree is the last thing to be | affected, especially on this level land. 1 1 think that too much moisture pro vents the formation of fruit buds e\ cept on hilly land —.l \V. Honey, Jus per County. 111. A MODEL GREENHOUSE. Cheap. Convenient of Access and a Good Thing for Winter Months. Recently, says Farmers' Voice, we published a valuable article from our New York correspondent, Mr. L. E. Keyser, on the “Farmer's Green house.” in a general way there Is little doubt that u greenhouse may be made a profitable feature of the* farm for the forcing of winter vegetables and flowers either for home or Mar ket, for the testing of seeds and for FLOOR PLAN starting plants for early transporta tion in the spring. It must be re membered. however, that as it does not pay to market with one eg,, so the greenhouse should be given -.or ough attention. The ideal location for such a hot house as is here suggested and which lias been found successful, is the southeast angle of the dwelling. The next best would be the south ot east side, with double wall, or glass on the weather side. Each will adapt his plans to his needs and opportune ties, using what building sense, gar den sense and common sense he may possess. These general directions are recom mended: Excavate the earth in the required location In a space of six by 12 feet (long way. east and west) within two feet of the cellar floor. Make two openings in the cellar wall, one 14 inches square, four Inches above the pit floor, and one foot front the outside wall of the basement, and another circular opening eight inches in diameter at the most convenient point on the same wall and about six inches from the basement ceiling Fit an iron furnace door frame Into tho large opening and a circular metal thimble into the smaller one. Tho door, frame, hinges and latch ran bo bought for about four dollars. Now build a brick furnace in tho pit (with walls four inches thick) three feet long. 16 inches wide and 16 inches high, inside measure, ona end fitted to the door frame open- ! Ing. From the opposite end extend nearly to the farther end of the pit, gradually reducing the slzo to eight inches square insido measure: carry on a curve partly across the end of the pit and back to the circular open ing in the wall to which an eight- j inch stove pipe is to make connection with a convenient chimney in tho basement. Build a wall on the exposed sides ! from the bottom of the pit. the top of the wall to be seven feet above SIDE VIEW the basement floor. This may b* of stone, brick, or wood. If of wood,’ it should bo double and packed with dry sawdust and banked up with earth on the outside. The pit should then be filled with sand covering the fur nace about six inches. About a foot above the sand build a floor, made of strong slats set on edge with Inch spaces. The end walls may be of glass or solid, and If made double will save fuel The south side should bo of glass resting on the foundation wall which comes up to about tho top of the seed bench. The roof can be made or ordinary hot bed sash procured from any mill. The cost of heating this house will bo less than half that of an exposed or detached house and take less than one-fourth tho time to look after. A door should open into the passageway from tho dwelling. A bench waist high on the south ' side holding earth can be used for starting seeds; on tho north side! tiers of shelves are arranged to su|v port potted plants or boxes. \ passage way is between. Bans con taining water are placed below tho floor and the sand also kept wet When a flro is made m the furnace the room Is filled with moist air. kept at tlie proper temperature, and thus an Ideal climate for the rapid growing of plants Is afforded. The great advantage of the green house is not so much the high tem perature as a steady temperature with much moisture. No plants thrive well if set buck by cool spoils, and some. Ilk- OKR plants, peppers, etc., must ho kept growing constantly without any , in order to make profitable growth. Tl"' hoth«ll»> on tho linos • munnitnl "'"I". nlmost noth Ins Co opotato. „n,I will furnish much plonsnro nnd mnjr w i„n.lo to viol" '..noil ~ton, ,f Infolltnontiv eondoetol! ■lt n of your it lion outdoor work is Impossible • | TABLE DELICACIES. APPETIZING AND EASILY PRE PARED DISHES. Tor Luncheon on a Busy Day—Two Extremely Popular Sandwichen —Sparkling Lemonade a Delicious Beverage. Luncheon Dish for a Busy Day.— Take three cups of good, well-sea soned tomato sauce thickened with a heaping teaspoonful of flour rubbed into one of butter, and keep it hot in a saucepan set at the side of the stove. Toast dices of bread, butter them, and spread them on a dish, put ting n tablespoonful of tomato sauce on each. Into the remainder of the tomato sauce turn two cupfuls of minced mutton, and put the saucepan over the fire. Stir the mixture until the meat is thoroughly heated, season it to taste, and pour it upon the toast. Potato Luncheon Biscuits. —BOl l eight potatoes and mash them smooth ly with a little milk, and beat into them two tablespoonfuls of melted butter, eight tablespoonfuls of flour, two of grated cheese, one tcaspoonful of baking powder sifted twice with the flour, half a teasj>oonful of salt and just a suspicion of cayenne. Mix these ingredients into a light dough, with one tablespoonful of cream and the yolk of an egg. and roll it out half an Inch thick; then cut it into rounds, nnd brush it over with the beaten white of an egg. Bake these In a quick oven, split them open while they are hot. and serve them at once. They will also be found useful for afternoon tea. Salmon and Cucumber Sandwiches. —Cut rounds of bread slighthly larger than the slice of cucumber, and spread thorn with butter and sprinkle the un der sides with a few grains of celery ralt. then spread them with a layer of chopped and pounded salmon. Next add a few drops of vinegar and a little white pepper, then a thin sllco of cucumber and the top round of bread. Garnish the dish with a few slices of cucumber or crisp lettuce leaves. Egg a.id Cress Sandwiches. —Rub several hard boiled eggs through a sieve nnd season them with salt, pep per and lemon Juice, and mix them well together with butter to a rich paste. Spread white or brown bread evenly buttered rather generously wl*.h this mixture, then sprinkle on »- half with plenty of finely-chopped fresh cress, and press the pieces to gether. Lamb’s Tail Soup.—Cut six lambs’ tails Into joints, and boll them till ten der in some weak stock, with a slice of raw ham or a ham bone. Season with a little onion, parsley, a bay leaf, a blade of mace and a few mushrooms. Simmer slowly for four hours, and then strain through a cloth. Thicken the soup with flour, add salt and cay enne and white wine to taste. Boil up. add the pieces of tall, and serve. To Make Sparkling Lemonade.— Some people prefer the effervescence of the lemon squash beverage, and often soda water runs short. Spar kling lemonade may, however, be made, with the addition of bicarbonate of soda. Take half a teaspoonful of the powder, nnd dissolve It in a glass of water, adding a little sugar; then, having squeezed out the juice of n lemon, add It to this, and a very active sparkling beverage will result. Taming a Madman. A story Is going the rounds of the Belgian press in which it appears tha. the mayor of one of the communes of Augers had ordered a gamekeeper and a butcher to take a madman named Legrand to the St. Gemim-s lunatic asylum. On the way the gamekeeper noticed that their charge was in one of his lucid intervals, and concluded that he would never con sent to be handed over to the au thorities. It was decided therefore to make him drunk, and all three ad journed to the nearest inn. Legrand took his liquor kindly: so did the others; and when the trio arrived at the asylum the governor could not make head or tail of their story. He therefore wired to the mayor, asking him which was the man who was to be detained. The mayor replied: “Le grand,” but the telegraphist spelled It in two words. "Le grand” (the tall one). The governor, on examining the three men. saw that one was much taller than the others, so he promptly helped him into the strait waistcoat and sent the other two away. It was three days later before the error was discovered. t Boston Brown Bread. There is a new wrinkle in making Boston brown bread, and that is cake crumbs in place of wheat flour. Tin regular rule calls for one small cup corn meal, the same amount of grn ham flour, ditto cake crumbs or wheat flour, the former much the better. Mix these dry ingredients together. Put into a bowl one cup sour milk, two-thirds of a cup of molas.s>a pinch of salt, and a teaspoonful of soda. Stir until the soda stops "purr , ing." then stir into the dry ingredi ents. A cup of cut raisins may be added or not as desired. Many think 1 them an improvement. Pour into but tered molds, nnd steam three hours, starting with cold water. If a larger j quantity of bread is required, a teacup I of entire wheat flour is added. Combining Silk and Cloth. It is odd to notice how effective the combining of silk and cloth, it reminds one of the time when taffeta gowns were trimmed with cloth, a fashion that was smart and never be came common. Now this reversal of the combination, the trimming ° f cloth with taffeta, is more popular even than that was. and the g* - ® 3l danger is that It may become tor. pop ular. the usual fate of a fashion tba: is unusual and worth following- In light shades as well as in dark this *f>le of trimming Is much in demand- But the great danger to the inexpert dressmaker is in the difficulty of ting a shade of silk that looks veil with the cloth. It is a great ®isW* e to choose any shade that is not 88 exact match. A color slightly °“ completely ruins what would be oth erwise a smart and attractive cre ation.