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a-AWAW .... COLORADO. Peary did not find any fee trusts on his travels. Football is not even as exciting for tbc doctors as it was.- Austria has a pottery trust. That would he a good one to smash. When a lawyer merely charges n nominal fee. it Is really phenomenal. Artificial diu.nonds are going up so .fast that it will soon pay to wear real ones. There are only four letters in love, hut there are thousands of love let ters. The Kaiser lias talked into a phono graph. Every Gorman may now hear Ills master’s voice. "Castro Is better.” says a Venezuela cable. Theio nro persons who do not believe he could bo worse. The old schoolboys of Boston say that the three It's are being noglcct ed in tho public school. Right they are. Yale university bus raised tho sal aries of its professors. Some of them make almost as much now au a foot ball player. London rejHirts the sale of an odontoglcssum crlsplum pittannm for 15,750. They've gone up sinco we bought ours. Prof. George F. Moore says that wc owne much to Babylon. The claim, however, seems to have been out lawed some yea's ago. Pretty hard on Count Bonl being cut off from all those millions, with tho cost of living higher than It has been for 20 years. J. F. Comma and wife celebrated the seventy-fifth anniversary of their tnarriago tho other day. A pretty long sentence for two Commas. German | olice arrested a man and had hint lined three marks for sneez ing In public. It must be expensive to havo hay fever In Germany. ' Tho startling suggestions about matrimony that are constantly being made, says the Washington Star, never make any dlffe.enee in the busi ness done by tho marriage license clerk. Ontario is now producing radium, gold, silver and diamonds. With a little more training it would scent to boa very simple matter for a fertile soli like that to yield up bank notes und government bonds. A Pltffeburg woman has been driven to matrimony as a protection against burglars. Some other women, unfor tunately, says the New York Ameri can, wouldn't mind a burglar as a protection against their liUHbands. At Dresden, Germany, a public bathing house for dogs has been oponod. If Dies ion is one of the places where dogs are utilized in the sausago business it is no more than right that they should be kept as cloan is possible. If that Wiener Maenergesangverein knew what a Nord Amerikanischc Saengehund was like, and an Indiana polischcr Colosseum into the bargain, says - tho Indianapolis News, It would lump id lit down the throat of an In vitation to get there. The patient hen has a rival. A Brit ish government analyst reports to the fisheries committee of the Cornwall county council that the eggs of dog fish when boiled are similar to hard boiled hens' eggs, and that they are wholesome and highly nutritious. "There are." says the Indianapolis ■tar. "thousands of happy homes for which the trial marriage possesses no charm. Turn the husband and wife loose, and they would marry twice as quick as before.” Still, if would per haps bo best not to take any needless risk by turning them loose while groceries are so high. Wo seem to have landed In the Congo all right in the matter of the acquisition of rubber, mining and rail way concessions. Possibly this may lead to our tnking a hand in the suppression of the atrocities that are alleged to be flourishing so extensively there, says the Boston Herald. Hu manity should keep pace with trade. Seattle now wants a ' world's fair” and tho chances are that she will get it. although the appellation bestowed on the enterprise is apt to be a mis nomer. This is an era of "expos' tions" and the public funds at Wash ington, says the Philadelphia Bulle tin, can usually be relied upon to fur nish a goodly sharo of the cash needed. A scientist has discovered tha* women do not Htutter. If women are going to have impediments, they are not going to have them in their Bi>eech. We wonder if Miss Krupp assured her husband's papa that she would be able to keep tho young man in the luxury to which he had been accus tomed. Many a man who thought he wa* getting in on tho ground floor has dis ;overed to his sorrow that there was a basement. Two Warsaw anarchists recently throw bombs at an actress. If her ad vance agent isn't making the most of the incident she ought to Are him and •mpioy a good, live American. One reason why the railways in creased wages may be that food has bocome so expensive that it takes moro money to keep a man in condi tion to work. The Binghamton minister who has *«»Vr«d the riddle of the sphinx la Y >ttx * s »hat of a sphinx himself. He re -A^'oujk. COLORADO NEWS ITEMS R. L. Chambers of Colorado Sprlng3 has secured 284,000 acres of mahogany timber in Tabasco, Mexico, for Den ver and other Colorado capitalists. Two dozen Japanese, lately arrived, have been put to work at Eller smelter at Pueblo. These are the first Asiatics ;;iven employment by the smelting company. Kansan City papers announce that F. G. Bon fils of the Denver Post is preparing to build a twenty-s.ory ofllce building in that city, to be fireproof and cost from $500,000 to SGOO,OOO. Dr. L. F. Ingersoll, a pioneer physi cian of Grand Junction, and one of the most prominent doctors In western Colorado, died suddenly in his office on the Bth Inst, of heart disease. The colored orphanage at the Old Folks’ Home In Pueblo was formally dedicated with elaborate ceremonies on Sunday, the 9th inst. A number of prominent colored people from Den ver and other cities of the state were present. Harry Lee of Colorado Springs, who has made u considerable reputation by photographing wild animals in their native haunts, has gone to the Pacific coist and proposes before he returns to attempt the ascent of Mount McKin ley In Alaska. Tho Denver Chamber of Commerco Ins appointed a committee consisting of James T. Callbreath, Jr., George »i-itch, Charles F. Onderdonk and H. A. Lindalej to confer with other com "Mttees In regard to a celebration of Denver’s semi-centennial In 1908. Boulder Is ready to maintain Its own high school free from connection with tho Stnte Preparatory School ami •in effort will be made to have the In • omlng Legislature do away with the Rate Preparatory School altogether, as tho university no longer needs it. Ten years’ Imprisonment and- fine of *1,500 was the sentence Imposed In the federal court at Denver by Judge Rob ■ rt E. Lewis on Dr. James Danslow Eg lcß on. son of President Eggleston of the Pacific Express Company, who was convicted of counterfeiting and milli ng photographic negatives of a $lO Lill. T. S. McMurray of Denver, vice pres ident itn.l general manager of the Fort Collins Electric Street Rallwaj Company, and G. J. Hartman, superln t ndent ?»f the electrical department ot : he Colorado & Southern, have been at Fort Collins outlining plans for start ng work on the Fort Collins street railway. A number of eastern physicians, with D. A. Canfield and Greeley busi ness men, are planning to build a $250,- ()0 sanitarium on tlie hill south or Greeley. If the project succeeds Dr. George Pogue of Greeley, who has haJ ong and successful experience In the rc atment of tuberculosis, will have barge of the Institution. Fiank Miller, a flftt on-yenr-old or phan boy, living with H. E. Keller, on a ranch three miles northwest of Brighton, was found dead on the Bth nst. He Is believed to have swallowed •trychnine because he feared he* would lie arrested for stealing, as It was alleged that lie broke into a utchcl belonging to a workman and ' oob clothes. Fifty Japanese arrived at the Pueblo -.•eel works a few days ago In chirg < f one *>f the Japanese employment ents who have been bringing As'at ! s recently from Pacific coast points. Os’ of these men are common labor ! .s. but a few are skilled in cerUOu ‘ ays and command fairly good wages, "his makes a total of nearly 600 Japs Li the B sterner colony. David Babb, who is charged with the murder of his wife’s cousin, Bennett tJuiliron, at Earl, thirty miles east of Trinidad, was arraigned before Justice of tho Peace Coney at Trinidad, where lie entered a plea of not guilty and .vai\ed a preliminary hearing. He was emoved back to the county jail and I. bond was fixed at $3,000, which he was not able to furnish. Word lias bee*n received of the es cape from the Jacl son. Missouri, jail n Kansas City, of Henry Hurley, alias Id. Foley, the notorious “lone bigh ayman" who terrorized scores of drug tores in Drnvcr three/ years ago, ami vho was sentenced last spring by the lansas City authorities to serve six »nrs for highway robbery. A reward of SIOO Is offered for his arrest. A few days ago what is known ns •he W. "E. Pabor house, on Seventh street near Ninth avenue, one of tho ddest landmarks in Greeley, was •roved from where it had stood for hlrty-slx years by the use of a trac «->n «ngino. The house, which is a wo story name, was the handsomest -esldrnce In Greeley wh n built bv W. Pabor. secretary cf Union Colonv •*ow of Florida, in 1-71. It has lately been used as a blacksmith shop. Tho Colorado-Yab* Association w:ll held its twenty-sixth annual meetln •t the University Club in Denver, D * •ember 29'h. The officers of the clu’> •re anxious to obtain the names and *ddress«*s of all Yale men who hav«* onto to Colorado recently an-1 are no numbers of the club, as it was desired o have all thos« who have attended Yale present at the banquet. Theron R. Field '*f the Colorado National Ban'; s president of the club and Frederick 11. Morley is secretary. The Santa Fe Railway Company has let a contiact for the extension and im provement of the depot and eating heuse at I a Junta. The depot will be extended 100 feet, the lower portion to be used for waiting rooms and of ce, and the two upper stories by th‘* Harvey company as a hotel. The hag gage shed will be built west of the do not. The size of the employes’ read ing room will be doubled. Tho Wells v argo Express office building will be doubled In size*! In common with the citizens of the ether western states, the people of Colorado have been ask'd to partici pate in tho Seattle exposition of 1909 and erect a Colorado building at the AlasUa-Yukon-Paclflc exposition. A meeting of the members of the Colo rado State Society in Seattle passed resolutions asking the Colorado State ' eglslature to appropriate funds for the exposition building so that Colo rado might be appropriately repre sented. The committee in charge is «omposed of C. W. Clis°, J. T. Corn forth, D. B. Fairley and IL Sweeney. The plat of the townsite of Crystola has been recorded in Teller county by President Bourg and Secretary Ring of the Crystola Brotherhood Town, Mines nnd Milling Company. The new townsite is located on the border be tween Teller and El Paso counties in Ute pass, below Woodland Park. J. B. Stroube. day operator at the Rio Grande depot at Florence, has been promoted to the agency at To luca, two miles from Sedalia, where the Dupont Powder Company Is con structing large powder works. As soon as the factory is completed the new station will be called Dupont. INSURANCE LAWS RECOMMENDATIONS OF INSUR ANCE SUPERINTENDENT. CONDITIONS IN COLORADO Income from Department Has In creased—Unauthorized Companies Barred—Governor Should Appoint Superintendent. Denver. —E. E. Rlttenhouse, deputy superintendent of insurance, has com pleted his review of the work of the department during tho past year and his recommendations in the way of re form legislation to be presented to the Legislature at its coming session. This nus been submitted to State Audi tor A. E. Bent, ex-officio superintendent of insurance, who will incorporate it in his annual report. A gain of more than SIO,OOO has ac crued to the state from the vigorous < nforcemcnt of the department’s af fairs since Mr. Rlttenhouse assumed charge July 1, 1905. He collected $6,126 ngents’ license fees which were )n arrears, with an increase of only p49G.57 in the total expenses of the de triment over the previous year. The icorne of the state has also been in reas 'd $4,072 by further enforcement f the la v relative to the collection of solicitors’ fees. etc. Regarding the un f'.uthorfzcd soliciting of insurance in Colorado the report says: "The department can not prevent un authorized companies front soliciting insurance through the mails, but It has po far as possible put a stop to tho practice of unauthorized companies tiding solicitors to operate in this Atato in defiance of the law. All Colorado companies have been examined during the past year, with ‘ho exccptiou of one, which will bo ex amined after the first of the year. Tho report continues: The Mountain Mutual Fire Insurance Company nnd the Loyal-Northwestern lutual Fire Insurance Company, both local assessment concerns, wore re ”uired to go out of business because f their failure to pay fire losses. Bnih •vere managed with grent extrava gance and with no regard to their obll ations. In the case ?if the Loyal- N’o'thwestrrn Mutual Fire Insurance Company, largely through the effoits of the d< pnrtment, the loss's were paid ' y another company as a consideration 'or tho privilege of reinsuring the out standing risks." Three companies outside of the state were found to ho doing an illegal busl n as nnd were forced to suspend in this state. "There are over SO,OOO people In Colorado holding policies in life insur ance companies, and as many more arc Tsured in fraternal orders. These 1 GO,GOO life policy holders, with their direct beneficiaries, number over 320,- 900. In addition to this, nearly every house owner in Colorado carries fire insurance, and several thousand hold > usually end other policies. It Is, • here fore, reasonable to say that ninety per cent of our peonlc are «11- rrctly or indirectly Interested in main ‘-'nine a h'gh standard of efficiency in *h' ’nsuraitco department. "They have a right t i expert It, for ♦h'y pay the bill. Tho salaries end •'xprus's of the department are paid 'or by fees collected from the Inour anco companies, which means that in * h o Mid the policy holders pay them, '"he fees collected by the department I ’st year amounted to $31,619.2?. while •tv total expenc's were but $17,023.48. r n add iff an to ibis, the companies paid f 43.541.93 to the department in taxes 'two per cent) on their gross pre miums. "Tho usefulness of the department can be greatly enhanced by transfer- It from tho jurisdiction of the an "■or of s’atc to that of ih- governor. auditor is row superintendent of *tßUfaacc ex-officio. Unde:- the const!- ution he inn s°rve but two years, nnd •s he appoin’s the dmuty sup**ilntcn ’•mt of insurance. who is now the tic ■*vo head of the department, the latter Tidal serves but two years. This •'-nns that lie scarcely baa bad a banco to 'amiliarizo himself with the any intricate and technical phases of s duties before he must make way •r his successor. “A number of our present laws gov ain g the work of the department ould be revia-’d. The Insurance ms should be defined, and the latvo lating to their licens'ng should hu •de mere clear, and the primary rc j 'nsMiili'i for procuring Ibe license I odd be placed upon the solidicr. his • -nlicntion to be approved officially by company that proposes to tmpioy • .nt. "The law relating to examinations of Insurance companies should be re vised and an effective penalty provided 'or its violation. This law should also arovido .hit insurance companies will ■•ay tho expenses, but in no cas ■ any ersonal recs to regular officers or om •loyes of insurance departments. Any atnpanv or agent refus'ag t/j furnish nformation or to permit of an in.ri-c --ion of books by tho department shout 1 bo deprived of their license to do bus!- ness in Colorado. “The assessment accident insurance laws should bo abolished, hut If it •« not deemed nine to do so, they should certainly be bj amended as to elimi nate tho present very questionable fca ‘tires conne'ted with this branch of the business in this state. “A mutual fire insurance law prop orly safeguarding the interests of the policy holder to badly needed. The op en. tlon of tho present incomplete mil ;ur.l Pro insurance section has opened •. field for graft, caused loss »o in my policy holders and filled the pockets of a numb r r of enterprising promoters. "Stock fire insurance corporations operating only in Colorado should be remitted to organize with a capital of $50,000, instead of $200,000, as at present. "Insurance solicitors known ns brok ers shou d lie required to pay a license in Colorado, as they are in a num bar of other states As it is now, the regular agent must have a license, while his competitors, the brokers, are not required to have them. This dis crimination should be eliminated. The money or securities representing the capital of Colorado stock companies should bo deposited with tho slate.” Success of Wireless Telephone. Berlin.— The German Society of Wireless Telegraphy has succeeded in holding wireless telephonic communi cation between Berlin and Naen, twen ty-four miles away. Professor Slaby, In an interview described the experiment as eminently successful. Professor Slaby says the problem of wireless tele phony Is solved, hut that the limit of distance is not yet known. He sees no reason to set any limit and believes the time Is coming when a man will be able to speak wirelessly with a friend in any part of the world. HEAVY INHERITANCE TAX Advocated by Andrew Carnegie In New York Speech. New York.— Andrew Carnegie, In an address before the National Civic Fed eration Thursday said that he believed the major portion of the estates of enormously wealthy men should go to tne state upon the death of the pos sessor of the fortune. Mr. Carnegie opposed a graduated income tax. Melville E. Ingalls of Cincinnati addressed himself to the subject of an income and inheritance tax, especially with a view to limiting the large accu mulations of wealth In the possession of individuals. He said that there had been In tne last few years three pro lific sources of multimillionaires which are open to criticism. These, he said, were the tariff, lilt gal favors and contracts given to the shippers by the railways, and the securing by means which were questionable, of contracts at nominal prices for the use of the streets of various cities for the pur pose of transportation and lighting. He said that illegal favors had boon in many cases wrung from the railways by the shippers and said that this form of evil had been used in combination with the tariff. William D. Guthrie, a lawyer, who led the fight in the local courts against an income tax, on constitutional grounds, held that there must, under American Institution.*;, be equality or taxation. Andrew Carnegie, who followed, said that he was In hearty accord wilh Mr. Guthrie. "I think an income tax would pene trate business to tho core,” said Mr. Carnegie. "I think this country would never regret anything so much as to Impose such a tax. I differ with the President strongly on the subject of the Income tax. But lam In a pe culiar position on the Inheritance tax, advocating that as something like get ting a better distribution of wealth. "The subject of wealth distribution will not down." Mr. Carnegie said he believed, inas much as the wealth properly belonged to the community, the latter, on the death of the possessor, should acquire a great portion of the wealth, having had a largo portion to do with Its de velopment. "Our country falls in its duty," said Mr. Carnegie, "If It does not exact a share, a tremendous share, of the es tate of the enormously wealthy upon his death. The money belongs to the community. Do not mistake me. I dc not advocate the mai Ing of a man a pauper, or the pauperizing of his chll dren. but it is not the millionaire whe made the wealth. He did not make the ore, or the coal or the gold that he dug from the ground. The Montana cop per mine owner did not make his wealth. It belongs in the abstract te the people who use It and who produce the use which makes it valuable. "I am with the President, then, tc tax heavily by graduat'd taxation ev cry man who dies leaving behind him his millions ' *”»t excessive .. aith left to a child Is an iujury.” DUBOIS ON SMOOT. Censures President for Assisting Mor mon Republicans. Washington.—The* Senate Thursdaj listened to the second speech wnicl has been made this session against the continuance of Rend Suioot as sma tor from Utah. R was delivered b> Senator Dubals of Idaho, who after re viewing In detail the workings of thi Mormon Church and Mr. Root’s proml nent connection therewith, concluded with the charge that President Roos« velt used the w ight of his admlnistru tlon to assist the Mormon-Republican vote In the last election. Mr. Dubcis n&sertea the control o‘ the church to be complete in the filer archy, consisting of the president and the twelve apostles, of which Mr Smoot was one This control, he main talned. was ecclesiastical, political an commercial, and was exercised com plctely over followers who come prln cipally from foreign countries. Th' constant tench ncy, he said, was t( make the church and state one, witl the control In the church. As to Sc nator Smoot, he said, I made no difference whether he was o was not a polygamist. The senato was a pillar in the church and In con trol of its temporal, spiritual and pc litlcal policies, and was selected fot the Senate because of his position. “Smoot.” he said, “represents th church and not the state and would d' the bidding of the church before h would serve the real interests of tli* state or of the nation. By being a: apostle of the chuch, Smoot Is a mem ber cf this high conspiracy. He is on of the chief conspirators, and by hi* acquiescence supports the plans an<‘ alms of the conspiracy.” The breaking down of the influenc of the church In politics. Mr. Duboii asst rted, would do more than anythin! else to put a stop to polygamy. German Reichstag Dissolved. Berlin. —The existence of the Reich stag was terminated suddenly Thurs day amid scenes of considerable ex citement. upon the defeat of the gov ernment’B bill for a supplementary ap propriatlon to support the troops ir German Southwest Africa, and new elections were ordered. This action although foreshadowed several dayt ago. took the house by surprise, as dls solution means a direct attack upor the Clerical party, which has growr into such Intimate relations with th government that It frequently ha been characterized as the governing party. Irrigation Treaty Ratified. El Paso, Tex. —Private advice* from Mexico City state that the Mexl can government has ratified th< treaty with the United States refer ring to the great irrigation dam ai Enele, sixty miles above El Paso. Th** action brines to an amicable settle ment a bone of contention betweer the two republics and litigation that has been pending for ten years, and settles tho claim for $20,000,000 which the Mexican government filed against the United States for damages on n<* count of deprivation of water rights hi the upper Rio Grande and ri.pariac rights In the fower stream. Lead Reaches High Figures. New York—Lead prices were ad vanced Thursday from 5% cents s pound to G cents a pound. This is the highest price In many years. Notice* of the advance in lead prices were sent out Wednesday by the Americau Smelting nnd Refining Company. Cop per prices wore also advanced frac tionally and the highest prices for electrolytic copper since the Secretan corner was reached. Electrolytic cop per sold at 23 cents a pound and sales at that price were made. TRAMWAY LINES PROPOSED EXTENSION OF DEN VER ELECTRIC BYSTEM. NORTHERN CONNECTIONS Statistics and Plans of Denver City Tramway Company. Will Build Forty-Two Miles of Extensions.— Northern Towns to Have Rapid Transit. Denver.—The Republican gives the following statement of the plans of the Denver City Tramway Company: For twenty years the Tramway com pany has been the Infallible barometer for the city of Denver. It has risen with the city, suffered with the city and prospered with the city. Denver is prosperous to a degree and it is go ing forward at a wonderful pace. So with the Tramway company, which has arrived at another milestone in Its his tory and will have to Increase its sys tem and its capital In order to meet the demands of the growing popula tion. Plans for a remarkable scries of extensions and improvements were de tailed to the Real Estate Exchange yesterday by William G. Evans, presi dent of the Denver City Tramway Company, who is a doer of things and never sptaks in public unless he has something of moment to advance. He told of what his company had done in the past, what was in progress of ac complishment and what was intended in the immediate future, the last two involving an expenditure of $J,500,000. An official announcement was made at the same time by Mr. Evans of an agreement with the Colorado & South ern lailroad by which the pass.-ngers on the new electric line of the latter company running northward will be carried to the kcait of D.nvcr—to the present postoffice, in fact—over the 'tramway system. This in itself means a very great deal to the city, the bring ing into direct communication with Denver that ilch belt of country in cluded In Boulder, Larimer and Weld counties, a territory that Is a-J.ancing by leaps and bounds, and w.icta will very soon be a suburb to this cosmo politan city. The business of this new section, added to the other com munities that are to be brought into direct business dealing with the city, means a s ill grcati r Denver. The elec tric road to the north is under way and will be completed by the time that the Tramway company is n adv to accept the passengers and convey them over the mw line running from Gloheville via Twenty-third street nr.d Arapahoe* and Sixteenth streets. Following are some of the* facts and statistics of the Tramway’s plans as outlined by Mr. Evans: Building of forty-two tnilcs exten sions. Cost of extensions and additions. $3,500,000. First lines to be built: From Six teenth and Arapahoe to Globevillc; and loop in business circle. Bculdcr, fort Collins, Greeley. Long mont and other northern cities to have rapid transportation to heart of Den ver. All of Denver’s suburbs to have street car facilities as far out as Fort iLcgan. Denver’s growth requires increase in ■company's resources and Its system. Passengers earried in 193C —52,000,- 1000. Plans made to carry next year—Go,- 000,000. Employes of the company, 1,220. Annual pay roll, $872,000. FOR CHARITY’S SAKE. Colorado State Conference of Chari ties and Corrections. Denver. —The state conference of Charities and Conectlons closed the most successful session in Us history Tuesday night at the Woman's club by the discussion of state and munic ipal control of tuberculosis. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President—Prof. W. K. Argo, Colo rado Springs. Secretary—Mrs. Seraphlne Piako. Treasurer —Miss Gertrude Vaille. Vice presidents—Dr. R. W. Corwin, Dr. VV. S. Friedman, James H. Persh ing. Mrs. F. I. George. Dr. Eleanor .wney, C E. Hagar, E. W. Pfeiffer, Mis. James D. Whitmore, Dr. L. 11. Morritt, Mrs. Henry Van Kleeck and Nil 8. Nettie E. Caspar. Following are some of the more Im portant measures advocated at the con ference: Increased appropriations by the state. Greater economy In the operation of state institutions by abolishment of salaries. Laws to protect the state from im portation of orphans. Punishment of careless tubercular patients by law. Establishment of an insane ward at the penitentiary and provisions for the employment of convict labor. Enactment of laws for registration of tubercular patients and fumigation of their rooms. Addition to the Dencer county hos pital for the care of tubercular pa tients. Restriction of the indigent poor tu bercular patients. Increase in capacity of the Girls' In dustrial School. Spelling Reform Turned Down. Washington.—The House of Repre sentatives Wednesday went on record in opposition to the new spelling as recommended by the President. By a vote of 142 to 25 the following was adopted as a substitute to the item reported by the appropriations com mittee In the legislative, executive and Judicial appropriation bill: "No money appropriated in this act shall be used In connection with printed documents ordered by law or requested by Con gress or any branch thereof unless the same shall conform to the orthography recognized and used by generally-ac cepted dictionaries of the English lan guage.” San Francisco World’s Fair. San Francisco, Cay.—San Francisco proposes to have a world’s fair in 1913. The project was proposed shortly after the fire and is no longer an uncer tainty. Fifteen citizens ia.c formed u corporation to be known as the Pacific Ocean Exposition Company, which plans to give a mammoth fair to com memorate the four hundredth anniver sary of the discovery of the Pacific ocean by Balboa, and tae completion of the Panama canal. The organisation lx capitalized at $5,000,000. PORTO RICO MESSAGE. The President’s Observations end Reo ommendstioos. Washington.—The President’s mes sage to Congress giving the result of bis recent observations in Porto Rico and making recommendations concern ing tne government of that island was read to the Senate Tuesday. The mes sage was in part as follows: "On November 21st I visited the island of Porto Rico, landing at Ponce, crossing by the old Spanish road by Cayey to San Juan, and re turning next morning over the new American road from Arecibo to Ponce. The scenery was wonderfully beauti ful, especially among the mountains of the interior, which constitute a veri table tropic Switzerland. I could not embark at Sail Juan because the har bor has not been dredged out and can ujt receive an American battleship. I do not think this fact creditable to us us a nation, and I earnestly hope tbat immediate provision will be made for drtug.ng San Juan harbor. "I doubt whether our people as a who.e realize the beauty and fertility of Porto liico and tne progress tua. ..as been made under its admirable cOvernment. 'i siuppcd at a dozen towns all told, and one of tne notable features In ev ery town was tne gathering of the scuool children. The work that has been done in Porto Rico for education nas been noteworthy. The main em phas.s, as is eminently wise anJ p.oper, has been put upon primary ed ucation; but in addition to this there is a normar school, an agricultural school, three industrial and three niga schools. “I was very much struck by the ex cellent character both of the insular pol.ee and of tne Porto Rican regi ment. Tuey are bota of them bodies mat reflect credit upon the American of tne island. The in sular police a.e under tne local Porto .tican government. The Porto Rican regiment of troops must be appropri ated for by Congress. I earnestly hope that this body will be kept per manent. •In traversing the Island even the most cursory survey leaves the beholder struck with the evi dent rapid growth to the cul ture bota of sugar cane and tobacco. The fruit iudustry Is aiso grow.ng. Last year was the most prosperous year that the island has ever known before or since the Ameri can occupation. The total of exports and imports of the island was $45,000,- 01)0, as against $18,000,000 in 1901. This is the largest in the island's history. Prior to the American occupation the greatest trade for any one year was ti-at of 189 G, when it reached nearly $23,000,000. Last year, therefore, was double tne trade that there was In the most prosperous year under the -Span ish regime. There were 210,273 tons of sugar exported last year, of the value of $14,186,319; $3,555,1G3 of tobacco, and 28,290,322 pounds of coffee of the value of $3,481,1“2. Unfortunately, what used to be Porto Rico's prime crop—coffee—has not shared this pros perity. “There is a matter to which I wish to call your special attention, and that is the desirability of conferring full American citizenship upon the people of Porto Rico. I most earnestly hope that this will be done. 1 can not see how any harm can possibly result from It, and It seems to me a matter of right and justice to the people of Porto Rico. They are loyal, they are glad to be under our flag, they are making rapid progress along the path of orderly lib erty. Surely we should show our ap preciation of them, our pride In what they have done, and our pleasure In extending recognition fer what has thus been done, by granting them full American citizenship. "I transmit herewith the report of the governor of Porto Rico, sent to the President through the secretary ol state. "AH the Insular governments should be placed in one bureau, either In the Department of War or the Department of State. It is a mistake not to so ar range our handling of these islands at Washington as to be able to take ad vantage of the experience gained in one when dealing with the problems that from time to time arise in an other. "In conclusion let me express mv ad miration for the work done by the Con gress when it enacted the law under which the island Is now being admin istered. After seeing the island ptr sonaily, and after five years’ experi ence In connection with Its administra tion. It is but fair to those who de vised this law to say that it would be well-nigh impossible to have devised any other which In the actual working would have accomplished better 1 sulfa. "THEODORE ROOSEVELT.” Appointments Confirmed. Washington.—The Senate Wednes day confirmed the nominations of Wil liam H. Moody, of Massachusetts, to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States: Charles J. Bonaparte of Maryland, to be attor nt / general: Victor H. Metcalf to be secretary of the navy, and Oscar S. Straus, of New York, to be secretary of commerce. The opposition to Messrs. Moody and Bonaparte, which has been raised in the Senate by a number of Democratic senators. wa3 not strongly pressed at the session Wednesday and no roll call was asked for. Sugar Company Fined. New York. —Fines aggregating $150.- 000 were Imposed Tuesday by Judge Holt in the United States Circuit ~ourt upon the American Sugar Re ining Company and the Brookivn ’ooperage Company after the defen dants. through counsel, had pleaded -'tdlty to the indictments charging the acceptance of rebates on sugar ship ments in violation of the Elkins anti *-ebating act. No Meat Trust Wanted. London. —The British governmen* has refused its sanction to a scheme proposed by a powerful syndicate to bring cattle and sheep from South Ar -ica. Canada, and elsewhere, to the British island of Alderna}\' s "wbere if • as planned to slaughter them. Bishop McCabe Stricken. New York.—Bishop Charles Card .ell McCabe, who before his election o the bishopric of the Methodist Epis copal church, was popularly known vs "Chaplain McCiba.” war stricken with apoplexy just after he arrived here Tuesday. He was at once re moved to the New York hospital, where to-night It was said that, though •.he outcome of the bishop’s attack 'ould not be positively predicted, his present condition was decidedly favor, bio to a speedy recovery. INTERIOR REPORT SECRETARY HITCHCOCK FIGHT* ING LAND FRAUDS. IS PUSHING RECLAMATION Twenty-Three Irrigation Projects in Process of Construction Nearly Twenty Million Acres of Land Bold —Over One Hundred Forest Re serves. Washington.—ln his annual report the secretary of the Interior says: “The unusual activity lu tho public land service referred to In my last an nual report has not abated. The pros ecution of all persons conspiring to de fraud the government of its public lands is being continued with vigor, ns Is shown by the fact that 490 persons have been indicted In the various land states and territories for the violation of the public land laws. Eighty-nine have been convicted, and indictments are still pending against 401. “Until the opportunities afforded for the fraudulent acquisition of public lands by the timber.and stone act, the desert land acts, and the commutation clause of the homestead Inw, are re moved by the repeal or modification of those measures, the government may expect to expend its money and energy in apprehending and convicting those seeking to defraud it out of its public lands. I accordingly renew the recom mendations that I have consistently made for the past five years, that the above mentioned laws be repealed or modified. "In my last annual report twelve Ir rigation projects were reported us un der construction, under the reclama tion act. Such progress has been made during the past year that there are now twenty-three of such projects In process of construction, and one, the Fordo project, in Nrw Mexico, Is prac tically completed, nnd It is believed will be In operation In a short time. "An original suit In tho United States Supreme Court is that of State of Kansas vs. State of Colorado, the United Slates, intervenor. The qpsc Involves the control of interstate wa fers In connection with Irrigation pro Jects, and much time and attention has given by the assistant attorney general and his assistants to the pre paration of the case on behalf of the government. All the parties are now ready to submit the case to the court, but the importance of th** question in volved led the court to direct that the •*se should not be submitted uutil there was a full bench. “There was disposed of during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1906. public lands aggregating 19,431,187.47 acres, dasslfled as follows: Cash sales. 1,774.341.63; miscellaneous entries. < mbracfng homesteads, land warrants, scrip locations, •state s •'lections, swamp lands, railroad and wagon-road selections, Indian allotments, etc., 17.- 571,102.53 acres, an l Indian lands. 85.- 743.31 acres, showing an increase of 2.374.565.20 acres as" compared with the aggregate disposals for the preced ing fiscal year. "Tho total cash receipts during the fiscal year from various sources, in eluding disposal of public land, amounted to the e>- P'-ns-'s of district land offices were $780,417.80, and the aggregate expend itures and estimated liabilities of the public-land service, including expenses or district land offices *1 .690 641.20. leaving a r.et surplus In the treasury of $5,984,882.70. "There are now 106 forest reserves, created by presidential proclamations under section twenty-four of the act or March 3, 1891 <26 Stat. L.. 1595), embracing 106,999,423 acres. This is an increase over last year of 24,3*0.951 acres, and ninety ncres were released from temporary withdrawal during the year, and, after ninety days’ published notice, restored to entry. “During the fiscal year twenty-two additional forest reserves have been fstablished, the areas of three have been reduced, seventeen have been en larged, nnd two have been consoli dated, as follows: The Baker City forest reserve has been consolidated with the Blue Mountain forest reserve, n nd the Logan forest reserve with the Bear River forest reserve. "During the year cocmmenclng July 1. 1905. and ended June 30, 190 G, the total number of pensioners on the roll was 1.033.415, and the number remain ing on the roll at the CIOS'* of the fiscal year, June 30. 1906, was 9*5.971. a net loss of 12,470 from the previous year. "The appropriation for the payment, of pensions for the fiscal year was $140,500,000; repayments to the appro orlatlon made the amount available for payment of pensions, $140,521,- 558.65. The disbursements for army and navy pensions during the year, in cluding the amount disbursed by treas nry settlements, were $139,000,288.25. leaving an unexpended balance to be covered Into the treasury of $1,521.- 270.40. The expenditure for navy pen sions during the year was $4,204,004.63. “During the last fiscal year substan tial progress was made In the con traction of the irrigation works au thorized by the act of Congress of June 17, 1902. Practically all preliminary examinations and surveys have been completed, and the energies of the reclamation service are now being de voted to tb*.* work of construction. Water has been delivered to some of the lands of the Truckee-Carson and the North Platte projects. The Hondo project has b°en completed: also the greater part of the gravity system of the Minidoka project. “For the purnos'* of making plans for the future |t has been estimated that the fund for 1906 wHI be $4,882.- 0 r 4.10: for 1907. 1 90$, $4,062,170.59. It Is booed that by the latter year returns will commence *0 come in to th»* fund from the sal*- of water under th« annual install ments provided by law. “The experience already had, how ever, shows that th° government as a canal owner end Investor must, ust* a firm hand, and that Its agents mus: emnloy rare discretion In exercising con’rol. ; “One of the Import ant* Points which has already dev e t o ned is that greater protection mus* he thrown by law about the works when fin’shed. The works are of such magnitude that ma licious or Ignorant interference may •'csiilt seriously to nro«ertv. or even *0 life. 1 recommend that this matter he brought to the attention of Con Condition of Wheat Crop. Washington.—The monthly crop re -ort of the Department of Agriculture shows that the condition.of winter heat December Ist was 94.1 as com pared with 94.1 per cent, on December 1, 1905, and a nine year average of '2.9. The condition of the winter rye 'ecember Ist was 96.2, with a nine 'ar average of 95.8 per cent.