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VOLUME XXI. SUGAR BEETS Worth More Than Cold Mines to the Rich Arkansas Valley. The following description of the Arkansas Valley is taken from the Kansas City. Journal, and is a fair statement of the great work going on here: The sugar beet has come to the Arkansas valley of Kansas and Colo rado to make it the most productive and profitable of all territory of like area traversed by the Atchison, To peka & Santa Fe railway, in its long journey from the Great Lakes to the ocean. This in the irrigation region. Eastward, in the lower valley of Kaneas, where abundant rainfall nourishes the soil, this valley by its wheat and corn ane alfalfa and cat tle and orchard and dairy has be come a wonder of agriculture and, by the same influence, the Cotton wood and the Kaw valleys no less marvelous; but when the upper Ar kansas valley, from Dodge City, Kan., west to Puoblo, where the waters of the stieam disgorge from the mountains and enter the plains, shall have oome to its own, there will be no other soil so productive on the face of the continent. This is no fancy sketch of idle prophecy; for even nojv, when the earth's surface in these parts barely has been scratched with the plow and agriculture is in its iufanoy, some of the valley, by intense tillage, has be oome the most valuable farm land in America, and it only is a mattex of time, until the whole valley within the range of irrigation will be equal ly productive and valuable. For this arid pad once neglected region only lacks the hand of industry and the nourishing touch ol water to turn every foot of it into gold. Already three oounties of the val ley in Colorado, for the moment not considering the rich counties over the line in Kansas, annually produce more by the industry of husband man than the value of a whole year's jgold of the Colorado mines; and the credit belongs to the sugar beet. To be sure, cereals and fruits came to the valley and made it habitable and profitable before the beet was in troduced; but it was not until the beet came with its marvelous reward of industry that land values became fixed and certain. For the sugar beet of the valley has rivals only in isolated and peculiar soil and cli mate, while cereals and fruits are staple products everywhere. Agriculture leads all other pro ducts of the state oombined nearly a miilion dollars in value. The Ar kansas valley of Colorado produces, it'is estimated by authorities quoted above, three-sevenths of the state’s agriculture, or last year, a littls more than $32,000,000 of value. This was $3,000,000 more than last year’s value of all the state’s gold. The valley in Colorado includes the counties of Prowers, Otero and Bent and a small part of Pueblo. The total population of this territory including all of Pueblo county (census of 1900) was 52,785. The irrigated land of the four counties (1906) is 388,921 pores, or about 200,000 acres less than the total area at present lying within reach of the canals. The Arkansas valley of Colorado produces sugar beets, wheat, corn, barley, alfalfa, wild hay, sorghum, flax, oats, potatoes, watermelons, can taloupes, apples, peaches, plums, nectarines, prunes and bush fruits; And all in great abundance. The -wheat crop is enough to bread the inhabitants and some over for ship ment. It is the best milling wheat, and weighs 64 pounds to the bushel. The yield is 40 bushels per acre and there is one record of seventy. And these possibilities are not not only in Colorado. The soil and elimatio oondiiions are the same in Kansas, only the sugar beet has not been so long established there. That part of the valley has been growing cereals, fruits and alfalfa many years but until this year the sugar beet has been only an experiment. Now, however, it has come to stay, and it is so sure that a beet sugar plant, with 7,000 acres of beet fields around it, is in operation at Garden City. The excuse for the sugar beet in the Arkansas valley, end in ell Amer The Lamar Register ica for that matter, first is the native instinot to make the best use of what nature has provided for the good of the human family, and, second, the large consumption and short pro duction of sugar by the United States. In 1905 6 the estimated world’s production cf sugar was 11,- 897,000 long tons, of which 4,908,- 000 tons were cane and 6,990,000 tons beet. The consumption of sugar in the United States, 1904 (estimated), was 2,767,068 tons were imported and 520,959 domestic. Of the domestic supply 15,310 tons were manufactur ed from imported molasses; 323,549 native cane; 170,000 native beet, and 12,000 native maple. Here is.a pro duction in the entire country of 550,- 000,000 tons in round numbers against a consumption of 2,750,000 tons, and that is why the sugar beet is so actively engaged in business in the Arkansas valley of Kansas aud Colorado and elsewhere in the West where valley lands are accessible to water. In the Arkansas valley of Colora do and Kansas there are six sugar mills, as follows: The American Beet Sugar Company, (2) Rocky Ford aud Lamar, Colo.; The Holly- Sugar Company (2), Holly aud Swink, Colo.; the National Sugar Company, Sugar City, Colo., and the United States Sugar and Land Com pany, Garden City, Kas. The liocky Ford mill has a capacity of 1000 tons of beets a day, twenty-four hours; the Lamar mill, 600 tons; the Holly mill, 600 tons; the Swink mill, 1,200 tons; the Sugar City mill, 500 tons, and the Garden City mill, 800 tons. Tfie Swink and Garden City mills were not operated last year. Next year at least two more mills will be built and ready for the cam paign of 1907-08; one at Las Ani mas, Colo., by the American Beet Sugar Company, and one at Deer field, Kas., by the United States Sugar and Land Company. The four mills in operation last year made 50,600,000 pounds of sugar, or 22,589 long tons, employing in. the four months of the campaign, 2,176 men. Besides the four mills of the Arkansas valley, eight others mills were operated in Colorado last year, producing 136,000,000 pounds of sugar, or 60,713 tons. The lands of the sugar companies are even more valuable than the .mills, and the companies, while 6ome of them sell improved tracts to beet growers, are buying additional raw land all the time. They also own valuable water rights and irrigation oauals, which are expensive to main tain. For water is gold. Without water, laud in the arid region is of no value, and all agricultural indus tries would languish. So, to conduct the sugar industries the companies constantly must invest in new canal and ditch improvement and mainten ance, which item is charged to the cost of sugar production. Sometimes the fear is expressed by uninformed persons of an over production of sugar in the United States, but in ten years consumption has increased from 1,872,400 tonß to 2,372,316 tons; au average of 5 per cent each year. If this rate has continued since 1901, the amount of sugar used this year should be more than 3,000,000 tons—an increase since 1901 of about 640,000 tons. But the increase of the producrion of beet sugar in the United States, with all its phenomenal growih from 1901 to 1905, was only 188,070 tons. If this year’s production should reach the estimate of 400,000 tons, it would be a total increase of about 274,000 tons. Whereas, the increase of consumption of sugar has probab ly been more than twice that amount. It is evident, therefore, that there is no danger of beet sugar factories be ing built sq fast as to overstock the market. The sugar beet causes intense farming aud thereby land increases tremendouslyin value. Witness Rocky Ford, where land is held up to val ues from $175 to S3OO an acre. This has been done by small farmers and the rest of the valley will come to it. A man makes more money per acre by farming forty acres, than eighty to 160 acres, and twenty acres are even better than forty. Of course he may hire an army of help and grow beets on a large scale, but even then ha must diversify his crop, for OPPISIXti ITE-Xr3Pa.PBR OF PKO'JTEKS COT7ITT y LAMAR. PROWERS COUNTY. COLORADO, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 26. 1906. land will not stand beets more than three consecutive years. The cantaloupe is a rival of the beet in profit. It even does betcei sometimes A profit of $125 an acre is not infrequent. Tomatoes aud sweet potatoes and fruits are great growers. Canning factories take care of the surplus vegetables and fruits. It is all alike from the Rocky Ford diatrict to the Garden City district, and the Kansas lauds are no less pro ductive than the better known irri gated lands above. The Garden City factory will tell the tale this season for the Kansas lands, and that it will be a tale of profit and plenty is assured in advance by the invest ment of $2,500,000 in sugar mill, canals, reservoirs and farm improve ments. There is no guarantee like money invested. In September, the state engineer of Colorado has a record of 526,924 acres of the Arkansas valley “under the ditches," of whiph 338,921 actu ally were iirigated. He reports also that the average daily amount of water carried by the cauals is 3,542 cubic feet per second of time, aud that the xeservoirs of the valley store annually 4,000,000,000 cubic feet. The appropriations (lawful allowance of wuter) of the thirty one canals of the valley aggregate 4,259 cubic feet per second. The aggregate carry iug capacity of these cauals, especial ly the larger, or main cauals is very much greater than the lawful allow ance. To be added to the present canal system of the valley is tne proposed “Bent aud Prowers canal," which if constructed aud given water, will ir rigate about 100,000 acres of land which now are not within the irri gated region. Bonds of $1,300,000 to construct the canal have been vot ed by the new district, whioh lies south of the Arkansas river, aud will be suppled witu water from the Fur gatoire river twelve miles above its confluence with the Arkausas. A number of reservoirs with a capacity of 34,000 feet aro added to the source of supply. The survey of the the proposed caual. bv its meandering* is 110 miles long, aud the capacity of the canal will be 650 feet per second of time. In the new district are 39,00 0 acres of laud proved up under the homestead aud desert laud acts of congress; 30,000 filed ou; (15;000 acres of public domain subject to entry, and 35,000 acres of state laud. The total area of the district, if “un der the ditch," would be no less pro ductive than lands now fovored with ditches. For water iu this region possesses the touch of gold, aud low laud or uplaud, valley or hill, will respond to it. Since iu Kansas the sugar beet in dustry only is in its beginning, the principal seat of irrigation in the Arkansas valley is iu Colorado, fiere the canals aud smaller ditches are very numerous, rauging some of them, fifteen or tweuty miles back from the river. This especially is true ou the north side of the vulley, and the sugar beet aroa thereby has been carried so far away from the main line of the Atchison, Topeka Sc Santa Fo that branch lines, with drop aud spurs, are to be construct ed. This work already is under way. Originally the work took the form of rival aud parallel construction — the Holly Sc Swiuk railroad by the Holly Sugar Company, and the Ar kansas Valley by the American Beet Sugar Company. Both were organ ized corporations aud both owned expensive equipment and employed operating forces. Finally, the Atchison, Topeka Sc Santa Fe, by agreement, took over both lines and now will join the two and construct one line. It will leave the mainline of the Santa Fe at Holly and, travers ing the heart of the beet lands, run to Rocky Ford, The entire distance will be about ninety-three miles, adding drops, or cross lines, to the main line at Lamar, Las Animas and Swink According to testimony given in the Kansas Colorado case, there are 18 large irrigation canals ans num erous smaller ones in the Arkansas valley of Colorado, but it would not add to the value of this story to enumerate them all. It is sufficient to say that their total decreed water appropriations are 4,259 cubic feet 1 per second of time, and that 526,924 acres of land are under them. How ever, it might be of interest to men tion the canals which irrigate the lands which are owned by the sugar companies, for these canals were constructed at a great cost of money and upon them, more than upon the numberous smaller oanals, primarily depends the prosperity of the valley. The others are of no loss value to the lands they react], but it is the big enterprises that keep the little ones going, and the big enterprises of the yalley are the sugar factories. The Lamar canal, sixty miles long and fifteen feet wide, is the property of the American Beet Sugar Company which has factories at Rocky Ford and Lamar. Its headguto is near Lamar aud on the south side of the river. It has a decree, I appropria tion of 212 cubic feet of wuter per second of time, extends six miles from the river and would irrigate 15,000 acres. Its dam and headgate were constructed by Mr. Thomas Berry, of Lamar, and they have with stood ail the floods of the Arkansas valley. The Rooky Ford high line cannl, the Otero canal, the Catlin ca nal, the Rocky Ford canal and the Fort Lyon canal also, are owned by, or irrigate lands tributary to, the Rocky Ford and the Lamar factories (continued on Bth page) GOLDEN RULE STORE PARTNERSHIP DISSOLUTION SALE -In order to dissolve our present partnership we of leer our whole stock until January Ist HT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES , s=r sag ■ ■: 1 . ■ "■■■- 1 ■ '■=— ' Men's $7.50 Suits go at $5.95 I -adies’ $2.50 Walking Skirts go at $1,481 Men’s $lO.OO Suits go at $7.95 -adies’ $4.50 Walking Skirts go at $3,481 Men’s $12.50 Suits go at $9.95 -adies’ $6.50 Walking Skirts go at $5.491 Men’s $ 15.00 Suits go at $11.95 -adies’ $1.25 Waists go at 85c I Men’s $B.OO Overcoats go at $6.95 -adies’ $1.50 Waists go at 98c I Men’s $lO.OO Overcoats go at $8.95 -adies’ $2.50 Wool Waists go at $1.981 Men’s $12.50 Overcoats go at $10.95 .adies’ $3.50 Shoes go at $2.501 Men’s $15.00 Overcoats goat $11.55 -adies’ $3.00 Shoes go at $2.001 Men’s $2.50 Shoes go at $1.95 -adies’ $2.00 Shoes go at $1.291 Men’s $3.50 Shoes go at $2.95 .adies’ 50c Union Suits go at 34c I Men’s $l.OO Dress Shirts go at 69c I -adies’ White Handkerchiefs 4c I Reductions on Furs, Toilet Sets, Fancy Boxes, Toys, Leather Goods, Silk Handker chiefs, and all Holiday Goods. GOLDEN RULE STORE ■HnUBOHL« SMART & SIMON north side feast block SILVER BROS. GROCERIES EAST SIDE MAIN ST. 'PHONE NO. 53 RED EVERETT & CO. Dealers in Meats All bills doe in SI days Plkm 473 Black New Year Greeting We take this opportunity to thank our many friends and customers for their liberal patronage during the year about, to close. We are now almost, at. the end of our 12t»h year in the Drug Business in Lamar, and every year has shown an increase over the one previous and t>his one has far exceeded all others. We expect, to con tinue in the future as in the past. t,o conduct, our business so it. will continue t>o grow, and the only way to do this is to sell the best, goods t,he markets afford for right, prices. If our , Goods please tell your friends, if not, tell us. Again thanking you and wishing you the com pliments of the season, we are Yours very respectfully, McLEAN BROS. Reliable Druggists and Jewelers B. B. Bio***, Prai. A. N. Parrish, Vice Pres. W. O. Gould, Oasbr The First National Rank CD IT LAMAR, COLORADO. Capital $50,000 Surplus slo,oot | JjIRBOTORS B. B. Brown. T. M. Brown. W. G. Gould. M. D. Thatcher. A. N. Parbibh. 3D. H 3. COOPER ► * Real Estate, Loan t Insurance Agent. 8 Pages NUMBER 29.