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COWBOYS QUIT GAMBLING
Licensed Games of Chance to Be Abolished i Terri ories. HOT MUCH PROFIT IN THE BUSINESS THESE DAYS Handlers of the Roulette Wheel and the Faro Deck Ready to Surrender to Public Opinion Without a Fight Lit tle High Play of Late Years, Anyhow—Even Euchre Is Now Forbidden in the City of Prescott, Arizona. f*aton. N. M.—P.y the middle of this y ta r licensed public gambling will ft'obably have disappeared from the turrttories of the United States. The e-we und apparent willingness with which the tiger bus surrendered sur f.*-*ies some people who looked for a IlSl.t. I.ut the end has been approached so gradually, through regulation and It gh license that even the gamblers themselves were prepared for It. It !■. a complete surrender by what was once regarded as an Impregnahly in t.'filched evil. This passing of the professional gambler shows the ad vance of public sentiment due to per aistent agitation, and it follows natur ally the disappearance of the frontier. T here are no longer any wickedest towns. Where tho gamblers will go or what they will do Is not certain. The Ari zona closing law becomes effective April 1, and It is expected that by July 1 a similar law will be in effect in New Mexico. A number of the Arizona professionals will doubtless come up into New Mexico to think the matter over, and then drift down Into old Mexico, or over into Nevada, v here everything is still wide open. Business No Longer Pays. One reason why the gamblers have given up is that the business of pub lic gambling no longer pays—there is nothing in it. The high license fee in this territory S4OO a year for each Raton's Leading Wide Open Gambling Shop—Bar on Opposite Side of Room. table, and the disap|>earance of cow towns and mining camps have caused the profits to dwindle. The writer has been at Raton for about two months, and in that time has not seen or heard of a game worth mentioning. Unless a stranger wanders Into a saloon he would never suspect that public gambling is a source of reve nue for the support of the public schools here. Last summer, when a couple of new railroads were being built Into this city, there was high play, but since then the business has been dead. There Is practically no playing at all in daytime, and at night there are only a few Isolated games of poker. Once a month, on the occasion of a railroad payday, the roulette wheels - may whirl for a night, and then dust Hetties on them again. Nor is there perceptible anywhere the demoraliza tion which is supposed to accompany tlie legal recognition of public gam bling. This town of 6,000 inhabitants is as quiet and orderly and clean mor ally as any town of like size in the United States. Leading Gambler Talks. When the leading gambler of Raton was questioned as to tho outlook he said: “They’ve got the drop on us and we must submit. It's poor consolation, but still a consolation that we haven't much to give up. Some games will stop entirely and a number of sports LARGE SUMS SPENT BY WOMEN ON PERFUMES F ve Thousand Dollars a Year by No Means an Uncommon Sum for One Member of “Society" to Expend on Various Sweet-Smelling Devices— Scent That Sells for S6O a Small Bottle Bought by the Dozen Bottles. Five thousand dollars a year is the sum that a considerable number of women in New York spend for face creams, lotions, perfumes, hath and toilet powders, according to a drug gist who has a smart clientele. •‘Yes,” said he. “I know ofThand of at least 20 women who spend fully $5,000 a year on toilet articles such as perfumes, face v.. earns, tonics, toilet and bath powders, and this is entirely exclusive of toilet articles such as powder boxes, bath sponges, manicure articles, etc. -This may sound like an exaggera tion. but when 1 tell you that we have perfume costing S6O a bottle that Is bovxht by rich women by the doz< n Lo . s and that powders, both hath will leave the territory; the rest will be driven to cover." “Are there any big games now run ning In this territory?" “None that an oid gambler would call big. Of course there is stiff play in Albuquerque, where the profligate sons of new rich men abound, but such games are raerly public. There is only one blooded player In Santa Fe. "The only really profitable games are away out In the mining camps or at the front of new railroads. About the deadest town in New Mexico Is Cimarron, which was once to the south wliat Julesburg was to the north. “With the disapi earance of the cowboy and the petering out of new mining camps gambling for high stakes has died out. When the gam bling spirit subsides it doesn't matter much what the law is— so we simply don’t care whether or not the legisla ture prohibits public gambling." Some of the liquor sellers and gam blers of New Mexico are men of su perior intelligence. The other day a tenderfoot had occasion to consult a hook "The Land of Sunshine." by Lil lian Whiting. The only available copy in town was the property of a gam bler. When he went to return the book he found a barkeeper Immersed in an abstruse scientific work. Deslr ing an expert opinion on the new cor poration law passed by the territorial legislature, the same \isitor was re ferred to a saloonkeeper as the only man in town who had made a study of It. In his message lo the legislature Gov. Hagerman advocated the passage of a stringent anti-gambling law pro viding penalties of from S2OO to $5,000 fine, and imprisonment of from two months to one year, and recommended that any deficit be made up by In creasing the amount of the liquor li censes. At present two-thirds of the net amount received by the territory from liquor and gambling licenses is paid Into the district school funds and one-third into the general county school funds. This open indorsement of public gambling is objectionable to citizens generally and peculiarly so to prospective settlers from the east. The numl>er of retail liquor licenses in the territory in 1905 was 583. whole sale licenses 23. and gambling licenses :!60. The total income therefrom to the territory was only $164,000. of w hich less than half came from gam bling licenses. The figures for 1907 show no material change. In the city of Raton there are 19 saloons and 17 licensed gambling tables. The former pay to the city SIOO a year and the latter S2OO a year each. Equal sums are paid to the ter ritory for the county and district school funds. Most Games Unfair. In the towns of Roswell and Artesia gambling has been abolished by ordin- and toilet, with the same scent are , equally costly, you can perhaps see how so much money could be spent in this way. ‘‘An Interesting fad of rich women to-day is to have a certain perfume made for them exclusively. It Is naturally an expensive operation, but anything to be individual. “It Is productive of some funny epi sodes at times. Women are like , sheet). They all follow one another, and If one woman gets something new or unusual they all want the same thing. “They will come to me and say 1 casually: ‘That Is rather good per fume that-Mrs. Blank uses. Do you know what It Is?’ That Is a trade secret, cr rather a matter between my customer and myself, so I merely say: 'lt is made to Mrs. Blank's or der. If she Is willing that you should know I'll be very glad to tell you or make It up for you, as the case may be.’ "That settles it, for Mrs. Blank has no inteation of divulging the secret, -he moans, if possible, to be ’n li vidual and ha e :that < ancc. and the experiment of exceed ngl.v high liquor licenses, as much a. $2,000, has been made with satisfac tory results. That most of the games are unfai requires no proof. In his inessag* Gov. Hagerman treats of this feature thus: "Some of the gam -s a3 played her afford the player 250 per cent, les* rhnnee of winning than similar g line aTord In the large gambling estal lishments or Europe, which pay enor mous dividends to their stockholders . . . The games most general in Ne- Mexico are so arranged lhat thi chances are many times in favor o. the proprietors." There has been long and gradua preinraiion In New Mexico for tin impending prohibition of public gam bllng. About 1890 the female warb lers, or concert hall singers, were pus out of business by territorial enact ment. Then came a further tightening o' •he lines which did not become ef fectlve without a struggle —the law against lacking guns. By the six shooter law every man cn arrival in h town or city was compelled to shed h!s revolvers and cartridges und leave* them In the custody of some resident until he was ready to go home, or to pay a line of from SSO to SIOO if li«* refused or neglected to do so. Stil. heavier fines were imposed for using or brandishing a deadly weapon. Stringent Law Proposed. Now the* territorial council is con sidering a bill providing that “any person within the territory of New Mexico who deals, plays, carries on. opens, o*- emus* s to be opened, or con ducts either as owner or employe, whether for hire or not. any game ot faro, monte, roulette, lansquenet, rouge-et-noir, rondo, fantan, poker, seven-and-a-haif. twenty-one. cliucka luck, slot machine, or any hanking or percentage* game, or any other kind of gane playeef with cards, dice, or any device, for money, checks, credit, or any other representative of value, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,009 or by imprisonment in the county jail lor not more than one year, or both.” As in all reforms the impelling force has been a gradually crystal!;;* ing public opinion. Both Arizona an t New Mexico have ambitions in the di rection of statehood. The d ’feat of the joint proposition last fall has In creased the rivalry between them. The threat of the Littlefield bill put Arizona on her good behavior, and now New Mexico is compelled to fol low suit. In their excess of zeal, however, some Arizona municipalities have gone too far. All Games of Chance Prohibited. The Arizona gambling law is due to take effect April 1. But Prescott, the capital city, could not wait until then to show off her newly donned white robes of virtue, and passed an anti-gambling ordinance, effective Feb ruary 1, which shut down all 40 of her public games and Interfered seriously with social diversions. The ordinance prohibits the playing of euchre for prizes, and all other gambling games popular in social cir cles are likewise put under ban. Hereafter the Prescott woman who offers her guests prizes for winning any game or chance or skill puts her self exactly on the same plane, so far as liability to arrest and punishment is concerned, with the gambler, who backs a crap game. Fear of enforce ment of the new ordinance has also stopped the giving of prizes at partiea and church entertainments. Purchased Fidelity. Fidelity purchased with money money can destroy.—Seneca. other woman she knows doesu't have. “To show you how this thing works, one of my customers with no end of money came in the other day. saying: ‘Can't you get me up a special per fume? I have asked two or three other big houses to do so, but wouldn’t dream of using the concoctions they sent me. I want something delicate and lasting and one that is decidedly distinctive.’ “ 'Come In a couple of weeks and It will be ready for you,’ I replied. “I set my chemist to work and had a variety of odors made up. one of which my customer decided on. "One woman came in here the other day and ordered $250 worth of toilet stuff to be sent to Italy, where she is to spend the winter. So that Is the way the money counts up. "Most of these women of whom I speak think no more of spending sev eral hundred dollars on toilet things 1 at one time than they do of buying a l iostage stamp. However, I happen to kn-'.v that they spend ten times that • int in philanthropic ways, which es ml; -e their seeming c* Farm & Garden STILE FOR BARB-WIRE FENCE. Arrangement by Which Fence Can Be Crossed Without Tearing Clothes. Everyone has experienced the nuis ance of trying to cross a barbed wire fence without tearing his clothes or scratching himself The cut shows a safe way. Let one post be longer than The Stile for Barb-Wire Fence. the rest, and nail two cross-pieces to stakes on either side the fence, as shown. One can now step up on* side, over and down the other, with ease and safety, says Farm Journal. Two bits of board are nailed over the upper wires, as shown, to prevent the wires catching Into one’s clothes. If you must cross such a fence occasionally, try this plan. IT DOES PAY. An Earnest Plea for the Home Straw berry Bed. One often hoars the objection urged: "I wouldn’t raise strawber ries: they are too much trouble. They have to be replanted too often.” This is a mistaken notion. A strawberry bed will yield choice fruit in abund ance for several years without renew ing. by using the simple precaution of keeping the runners cut off. It Is these ofT-shoots. thrown out so per sistently through the growing season, which sap the vitality of the parent I'Jant; ami not only is this true, but b.- the second or third year, if allowed to take root, they will spread until they become so matted and choked tl ere Is no chance for cultivation and enrichment: and the same thinfc hap pens that would happen were a great er number of stock to be crowded onto a pasture than It can afford nourish nent for; the parent stock becomes loan and diseased, and its offspring small, inferior and lacking in vitality. Berries from matted, neglected plants grow smaller and more# knotty from year to year, and finally cease bear iLg altogether Of course, it Is some trouble to keep the shoots pruned off., but not more s-) than other gardening operations that are done as a matter of course; and there is no labor that Is better re warded. Most persons in setting out a straw berry bed—from a mistaken idea of economizing the ground, and not al lowing for the growth of the plants —set the plants too close together. It is true the small, newly-set plants do look rather lonesome, set, as they should be. in rows two and a half or three feei apart in the row; but they won't look lonely after they get a good thrifty growth; and this allows for cultivation and a passageway between the rows in gathering the fruit. Then with proper enrichment of the soil aid a mulch of straw, in winter, which may be left on to keep the weeds down if preferred—well, just try it once and let results speak for themselves. No matter where I have lived, says a correspondent of Indiana Farmer, nor how damped the quarters. If I had any ground at all for garden purposes, a part of it was sure to be conse crated to the growing of this "food for the gods:" being careful to plant early and late varieties, so as to In sure a long fruitage. I remember one experience In particular. On a large town lot I had three plats, aggregat ing probably 80 or 90 feet square, planted to berries, and in one year that I kept account, there were sev eral bushels gathered from this small area, one bushel at a single picking, after a day or two's lapse, being gath ered by relatives from the country, who rather shamefacedly reversed the usual order of things by coming to town to gather their harvest—and a harvest that only neglect and lack of forethought and a little labor pre vented their gathering from their own farm. But for home use alone, so large a bed is not necessary; and fur thermore is more than one would want to care for as an Incidental to other work. A bed ten or 15 feet square, well spaded before planting, and carefully tended, would Insure the ordinary family an ample supply of berries for table use. POINTERS FOR THE FARMER. We regard whole oats as a danger ous food for cattle. They often gather In the third stomach and make trouble. Feel bl«««\ do you? Just take the axe and g-i alone out Into the woods and chop for a time. We have found It a good cure. Save the money you spend without any good return and put It Into some good farm tool or a good farm paper or book.—Farm Journal. “Mulberries" Is the title of bulletin No. 194 Issued by the North Carolina experiment station, at Raleigh, N. C. Write there for a copy. George T. Powell, of New York, es timates that the bearing orchards in that state bear Interest on a valuation of $1,200 to $1,500 per acre, which at six per cent, would be from S7O and S9O per acre. If the vegetable bins show nothing put potatoes and a few elderly tur nips or cabbage at this season, the men folks may be led to see the ad vantages of a good garden every time they eat their dinner. —Rural New ■Yorker. SELECTING SEED CORN. Care Should Be Taken to Have It the Best. The great results obtained from a careful selection of seed corn In ex perimental work are attracting a great deal of attention to that featute of corn growing. Instances are reported where the results have been almost double the ordinary production. This should be very encouraging to the farmer, for there is no other me thod by which he can double his crop with so small an expenditure.) The usual manner of picking out what is presumed to be the good look ing ears is good us far as it goes It has had something to do with keeping the corn up to the present standard. But there are features that this method of selection will not embrace, and besides some knowledge of the essential features of a good e.»r of corn should be obtained before a good selection can be made. We are told that in order to get a high grade of development, says Or ange Judd Farmer, the seed patch must be isolated beyond the possibil ity of cross-pollination from other corn; and that pollination should be permitted only from the most desira ble stalks: and that the selection of seed corn should take place in the patch at time of maturity, selecting with reference to both ear and stalk. We all know from experience that ex traordinary height in the stalk does not contribute to the size of the ear. that It requires plant food to support the stalk that should give vigor to the ear. Fn case of a windstorm it is the lofty stalks that blow down. Seed should be selected that will give regulation in height and body of the stalk, then. If there is any sur plus of vigor, it should be directed to the ear. Repeated selections in this manner from year to year have re sulted in the development of the corn that is attracting the attention of the farmers everywhere. Every farmer can have a seed patch of his own. It need not be so large but what he can give it careful atten tion, which would consist mostly in detasseling undesirable stalks. In this manner choice seed for his own plant ing could be obtained every year. Many of the farmers have not the advantage of such selection for the general planting for this year, but they can with a little more care make a better selection than heretofore. The ear should be of good size and weight, well filled at the ends, and the space between the rows should be well filled by the expansion of the grains. There should be a deep grain and the cob should be large enough to hole! the grains comfortably and give a good body to the ear. If the corn has been in the dry and not exposed to damp air or freezing weather, the probabilities are that it will grow without any trouble. If It has been kept under the reverse con ditions. it should he well tested be fore planting. Even if the core will grow there may be such a lack of vitality as to prevent rapid gr>wth, except under the most favorable con ditions. The season for planting is so short that one cannot afford to make a mistake in getting good seed. Grains on the ends of the ear should not be planted, as they are not of the ideal in size and shape; besides, to get anything like an equal number of grains in a hill, there should be equal ity in the size of grains. Grains ex cessively large sometimes get wedged lengthwise in a small plate, causing complete obstruction until it becomes dislodged. Selection of seed should be made in the field In the fall, for it Is the only time that the stalk, time of maturity and conditions of growth can be taken into consideration. SUPPORT FOR HUSKING CORN. Handy Way in Which to Hold Corn Stalks While Husking. I have a handy way of holding corn fodder off the ground when husk:ng. says a correspondent of Prairie Farm er. I take two pieces of two by four scantling seven feet long. If these pieces are not available fence rails can be used. These are run through the rear wheel of wagon, as shown in Handy for Com Husker. the illustration. Let them remain high enough so that a man can throw down an armful of corn, husk, bind and clean up for another one. It furnishes plenty of table room and you can stand erect when you husk and throw corn in the wagon. Alfalfa Cuttings. The various cuttings of alfalfa dif fer Bomewhat in looks and value. The first is always the heaviest in yield, the stems in it will usually be rather coarse and there are Borne few weeds. We consider it valuable feed, but it has these two objections. The sec ond cutting has smaller stems, na weeds and a very large proportion of leaves to stem. This is the kind we always try to sell. The third crop has even more leaves and generally a more attractive appearance than the first two. but. says Orange Judd Farm er, unless it has matured well be fore cutting. It is not as nutritious as the first two. To Economize Space. To economize space in the wagon house and elsewhere. Farm Journal suggests, heavy articles like wagon beds, sleighs, ladders, etc., are often suspended overhead. Whenever this is the case, see to It that the fasten ings are secure and strong enough for the load. Don’t take any risks, since a human life may be the forfeit. Examine Farm Tools. This is a good time to examine all the farm tools and to get any new parts that may be lacking. If you wait till you want the tools, you may have to make several extra trips to the shop or store before you can go to work. It is these extra trips that whittle the season away to n« uc ccunt. MAIL-ORDER WAYS * BAD ADVERTISEMENT FOR CATALOGUE HOUSES. AT SCHOOL OF EXPERIENCE Sooner or Later It Teaches Every flail Order Patron the Error of Sending His Money from Home. The methods of the mail-oi Jer houses are their worst advertisement. Sooner or later there will come a P.rae in the experience of every purchaser of their goods when he will wish ‘he hadn't done it,” when he will wish he had spent his money with his h *me merchants. This is not only because he will see the ruin wrought in his own community by the nefarious | rac tlce of sending the money of the com munity to the city, but also becaurj: of the practices of the mall order con cerns. The story in the catalogue sot nds well. It sounds like you would get the identical thing you wanted an i at a much lower price than you had im agined it could be bought for, and you order it. The purchase arrives jnd when opened you feel that some j ils take has been made, that the concern has sent you the wrong goods; it is not what you ordered.' Ah. but it Is! The difference is be tween the way it actually looks and the way it sounds in the catalogue. You explain that the goods you re ceived is not what you ordered and ask for an accounting, and are told that it is you that is in error, that you got just what you ordered, and then if you are wise you buy of the The one sure method of curbing the mail-order giant is to bind him with the thongs of home patronage. Are you helping in this work? Are you spending your money at home and helping your town to grow, or are you sending it to the city to swell the fortunes of the mail-order man? home merchant next time, and know what you get when you pass over the money for it. He may not be able- to sell you what you thought you -were buying from the mail-order house at the catalogue price, but he can sell you. if he has it. the same goods you get from the mail-order houses at an equal or less price than they ask for It. and what is more, he can sell you what you really want at as reasonable a price as you can get it for else where. The following letter, written by a Michigan farmer, explains In a clear and unmistakable way the danger of buying of mail-order concerns. It was addressed to one of the largest of this class of institution in this country: Baldwin, Mich., Jan. 12. 1907. Gentlemen: I have your favor of recent date, and also your catalogues and accom panying circulars offering premiums for distribution of the same among my friends. I have no doubt that, as you say, I will thereby confer a great fa vor upon you, but I am compelled to take issue with you on the statement that I will also confer a favor upon my friends. In my dealings with you, extending over some time past, I have received no favors from you—l paid for all I got, and the length of time I traded with yr nstead of establishing friendlj ions and gaining me ad ditional . . r as it would In a home store, gave you the opinion that, un like a new customer, to whom you give your very best, so they will come again. I was a steady comer and any old thing would do for me. Our last deal opened my eyes and convinced me of your policy. Your catalogues offer some apparently great bargains. But let us draw up our chairs and see if there are not a few things very essential to the rural citi zen that are not mentioned within its voluminous bulk. For instance, there is no reference to paying cash or exchanging goods for wheat, oats, corn, beans, butter, eggs and hay. How much will you pay for cattle, sheep and hogs. f. o. b., at Baldwin? How much will you pay to support the Lake county schools and educate our children? How much for improv ing our roads and bridges? For sup porting the poor? For the general public expense? On what page do you o"er to con tribute money to the support of our churches? What line of credit will you extend to me when my money is low because of sickness, or poor crops? What do you provide In the way of entertain ment for the public and in the way of providing those things that make a town desirable and thus keep up the value of my property? matter of fact, do you do any thing to help locally, or do you merely take the money dht of a community, returning nothing whatever, beyond the value of the goods bought? Think ing it over carefully, I believe it is better to call upon our local dealer and look over his stock where we can see the goods before buying. There are then no errors in change or re funds to be haggled orer across a 300- mile stretch. Yes. it is better to f rade at home. Our home merchants, guarantee upon an article means something, as he wants our good will. Keeping the money at home bene'lvt horar indus tries and thus, indirei jy, us. \\ e can not expect to sell our products to the local merchant and do our trading in Chicago. It is all one-sided %nd some time we would have no local merchant to do our buying. Catalogue houses, I have found from bitter experiences, are tricky. If those who are dealing with them will watch their purchases, they will find it so sooner or later. Our last deal, had It occurred here at homo, would have been straightened out in five minutes and without feeling, but with you It takes me all winter to get my money back when the goods are net satisfac tory, and even then I get only a credit card which is lost through studied carelessness upon'the part of someone in your concern so that I have noth ing to show for my claim. Every man should trade at home if conditions admit of purchasing a good article at reasonable prices. If not, then he had better trade at the next town or city that his money may go to build up the country around him. He sends it to Chicago that it may go into profits of some big mail-order house until there is enough sucker money to build and endow some*great charitable institution as a monument to the greatness of the mail-order man and the gullibleness of the easy pub lic. 1 have already asked that you adjust the matter of our last deal. I want my money returned without further dickering and unless I get it I shall certainly get its equivalent In adver tising you and your methods among the people of Lake county. Awaiting your reply, I am. Yours truly, CARL SCHULTZ. Wolf Lake, Michigan. P. O. Baldwin. Mich. Can you, Mr. Purchaser, not profit by the experience of others and turn your money into home channels by trading with home merchants where you will get a dollar’s worth for a dol lar, or must you follow the mail-order man's lead to trouble for yourself and destruction for your community? Do not wait for that evil day when you have learned wisdom in the expensive school of personal experience, but profit by that purchased by others.V You will find it far cheaper and more satisfactory in the end. Duel Between Partridges. The mating season is a time of great excitement among the par tridges, and generally extends over a fortnight or three weeks, according to the size of the stock and the pro portion of the sexes, says the Country Gentleman. Should cocks preponder ate to an excessive degree, the busi ness will not be settled till many a pitched battle has been fought to the bitter end. and the weaker males el- 1 ther driven away or actually killed. A cock partridge is so poorly armed for the fray that it is a matter for surprise he should be able to kill one of his own kind, but if a battle Is watched there will no longer be cause for wonder, once a bird recognizes Itself beaten it appears to make no further attempt at defense, and tamely submits to be scalped by its successful rival. There Is nothing in the whole ani mal world quite so craven as a beaten partridge, for it seldom makes an ef fort even to escape. A Turkish Health Report. The French government, wishing to obtain definite statistics on points re lating to certain Turkish provinces recently sent blanks with questions lating to certain Turkish provinces, to be answered to the Provincial ernors. The replies received frosP the Pasha of Damascus are worth quoting: Question. What is the death rate in your province? Answer. In Damascus it is the will of Allah that all should die. Some die young and some die old. Q. What is the annual number of births? A. God alone can say—l do not know*, and hesitate to inquire. Q. Are the supplies of water suf ficient and of good quality? From the remotest period no one has died In Damascus of thirst. General remarks as to the local san Ration: Man should not bother him self or his brother with questions that concern only God. A Squelcher. “I gave that odious Mrs. Dough purse something to think of this after noon,” says Mrs. Bankfull to her hus band, who was amusing himself by tossing S2O gold pieces into the artifi cial lake in the drawing room for the pleasure of hearing the gold pieces plunk as they sunk. "Whajja say to her?” asked Mr Bankfull, rolling himself a cigarette in a hundred-dollar bill. "She was boasting about the solid gold radiators they are having put Into their new house, and I told her we thought steam heat was so old-fash ioned that we were going to heat house writh radium hereafter."—JuiflP Minister Discovers Comet. Ministerial duties do not prevent the Rev. Joel H. Metcalf, of Taunton. Mass., from pursuing astronomical in vestigations. His study of the stars has resulted in the discovery of a new comet, which is now being closely ob served by astronomers throughout the world. It has been named MetcaL* comet.