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The Lamar register. [volume] (Lamar, Colo.) 1889-1952, July 17, 1907, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063147/1907-07-17/ed-1/seq-6/

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1 fif nwvrr v> ww ■■ •
f did not come down to breakfast
noKt dajr. aad when luncheon was
Barred v Miss Carney remained- away
t»* 4m» evTtla Miss Weston, who was
coaMtofU to her room, if not to her
At dinner, which was a- formal af
fair In honor of the rector and his
wife. Mio» C&raey greeted me cordial
ijr. aad/ unaffectedly. but, beyond' an
evanescent flush that lighted up her
fan c/- ami* vanished as quickly as it
came, she gave no sign that my te
inarityr o* tile night before hath made
tar slightest impression- upon her
aalnd. She was superbly gowned, and
liar manner, while natural and eatlre
. Ijn unconstrained, impressed me as
lining, in. a. way. unusually thoughtful
aad serious; yet at times her face
falrlg glowed with the contested, sat
faded; expression of oae whoso cup
oC happiness was Ailed and overflaw-
I know what it meant, for I could
n» longer hide the truth from myself
if 1 would, and yet I even than strove
t* dOHse a plan* by which I could
take myself away, and out of her life
Htftbfct in time bar heart would again
la free.
I did this in good faith, for, realiz
ing my unworthiness as I did and
Imowingr well that many circum-
Kfennen tmd conspired to give her an
caalted opinion of me and my abil-
HSert. which, otherwise, she never
would have reached. I felt it ray duty
4m step aside and not stand in the
Wi>— oP the far- greater conquest that
she was surely destined to make.
No tongue can tnll the eat#at to
which. 1 regretted my act of tempo
rm-y weakness on the p rev ions even*
inve. and I cursed uy indiscretion in
Udiidlf advantage of her hour of sor
enw and despair when I should have
hhen strong enough to withstand the
tnmpter, if only by virtue of the great
and ever increasing magnitude of my
devotion. That she knew it now there
cauld be no doubt, and I knew with
nqu&l certainty that she returned my
ike with - all the ardor of her great
warm heart.
Mr. Arthur Sedgewick. the rector,
•roved to he a jovial sort, of an Indi
ctdual, of the florid type and port
Winn complexion, while his wife was
a demure little woman who regarded
him with unconcealed admiration and
whose greatest satisfaction in life
WBt (PrTteiT from ftatf-sttftnd cxclama
•>ns of mock horror at his constant
anconventlonai sallies and Jests.
"So you saw all the plays in New
T‘ he asked, as the conversation
hnperceptWT look a theatrical form
"Oh. yes!” exclaimed Miss Carney,
ic almost her childish enthusiasm.
“We went every night and to aU the
matinees, too. We had not been in
an English-speaking country in so
t£at we fairly reveled in the
ater and we even saw Maud Adams
•Cur times."
“Veu like her. then.” I remarked,
want of something better to say.
ttit feeling it my duty to show an In
terest clearly at variance with the
tkue object of my thoughts.
"Now. Mr. Ware, that is altogether
teo had!" returned Miss Carney, in
an obviously assumed tone of bad
inage. "You said that in exactly the
Way that the traveler at sea greeted
roommate one morning, when he
observed politely, but with about a9
much enthusiasm as you yourself have
last shown, ‘Good morning, old man.
V hope you are well; not that 1 care
• Just to start the conversa
tion!* "
The rector’s wife looked properly
while her liege lord laughed
aproariously and cried:
"1 heard that story when I was in
oollege. Miss Carney, hut unless my
memory falls me. the- wording was
somewhat different."
"I expargaterfi it for your especial
sir," returned Mtsft Carney sol
emnly and then, in reply to my ques
tion. she added:
"I think Miss Adams is just too
sweet and dainty for anything. Is it
really true that she is married?"
"It has been rumored that she is
married to her manager,” I replied,
“but r hardly think It possible, for
they are almost never together. You
know, she spends her summers in
Massachusetts while he is In Lon
don. and. just as soon as ho re
turns In the autumn, she always
starts for the west with the ‘Little
Minister—* **
“Merapt" exclaimed the rector's
wife, in unfetgdfed astonishment.
wfaAe we<all laughed in- spite of our
selves. and the revereod gentleman
folk into a violent fit of coughing
and dropped his fork on. the floor.
When the general levity caused by
my remark had subsided somewhat,
and he was able to speak, he explain
ed: “The ‘Little Minister,’ my dear.
Is a play, and not a man: I must
take you to see it the next time we
are in town.”
"Is It a biblical play?" asked Mrs.
Sedgewick with l interest.
“Oh, ' dear, no," replied Miss Car
ney. "Just the ordinary sort of a
play, with a man and a woman and
a whole lot of pathos and comedy
sandwiched in and spread around.
But it is very sweet and enjoyable.
Jlaven’t you read' the book?"
“No," returned Mrs. Sedgewick
boriously. "1 am so absorbed in
E. P. Roe’s works just now that
[ haven't time for anything else.
l>on’t you think he is a wonderful
‘Tnrr aehamed to confess that I’ve
never read him at all." said Miss
Carney-sweetly, "but I hope to, some
day. however.”
"Mrs. Sedgwick thinks that I only
care tor biblical plays.” broke in the
rector, hurriedly, as if to forestall any
discussion of his wife’s favorite au
thor. "and I do think that good pro
ductions of that sort should ha en-
couraged and supported. The stage
and the pulpit go hand in hand in
educating the masses, and plays that
direct the mind toward nobler things
are- worthy of every commendation
and the approval of all good citizens.
Many a man. who never gave a
thought to the Bible, has been led to
a careful study of the Scriptures after
witnessing a stirring drama founded
on Scriptural history and presented
with proper regard to accuracy and
"1 am sure that is so!" exclaimed
Miss Carney, as a mischievous light
came into her eyes. "I remember once,
when we were coming away from a
most intensely interesting production
of ’Ben-Hur,’ overhearing two people
engaged in a heated discussion as
to whether the Book of Hezeklah was
historical or prophetical. I don’t
suppose the thought had ever en
tered their heads before, and I
have always meant to look it up my
self. but I have never done so.
Won’t you tell me about it, Mr. Sedge
“Hezeklah Hezeklah." mused the
rector, puckering up his forehead and
rubbing his chin thoughtfully. "You
know that Is a book to which we
seldom refer, but—er—strictly speak
ing. Miss Carney, I feel that it
should be regarded—er—in the main
as—-er —historical—although some au-
“You Know, Annie Is Grow ing Steadily Worse.”
thorities do—er—lbbelievee —er—claim
—er— ’’
A merry laugh from Miss Carney
interrupted this learned speech and
her roguish eyes fairly beamed with
glee at the momentary discomfiture
of her guest, who had recovered him
self in an Instant and exclaimed:
"I am afraid you are incorrigible.
Miss Carney, but I did not think
you would be so cruel to me of all
Miss Carney returned his good na
tured smile and said, apologetically:
"I expected you would refer me
to Mr. Ware for my answer or I
shouldn't have dared to be ro rude,
but I thought It only courteous to
put the question to you first of
As soon as dinner was over she
excused herself for a moment to
visit Miss Weston and then joined the
other ladies in the drawing-room,
leaving Mr. Sedgewick and me to
our cigars and benedictine. I fear
I made a poor companion, for my
thoughts were far away and I realised
that, like myself, but with greater
success. Miss Carney had been wear
ing an air of forced galty and good
spirits all the evening.
1 was heartily glad when the guests
were ready to leave, and. although I
was tired from my practically sleep
less night, I wandered disconsolately
about the place until nearly ten, when
I seated myself in a quiet corner of
the veranda to smoke a small cigar
before retiring to my room. My
brain was so overwhelmed with the
realization that my heart’s desire lay
within my reach that I sat in a stupid
ly dazed sort of way revolving the
matter slowly in my mind and try
ing to determine the proper course
to pursue.
My cigar was nearly burned out
and I was on the point of going to]
my room when a shadow fell across
the railing in front of me and Jf?*s
Carney stood by my side.
"1 wondered if you would be here,”
she said, nervously. "I wanted to see
you, for there is something I forgot
to say to you last night."
She had slipped a long coat of
dainty brocaded stuff over her dinner
dress and. as she stood in the
light of the drawing-room window,
she made a picture worthy the brush
of the greatest genius that ever
"I won’t sit down, thank you," she
continued, interlocking her fingers
and playing with her rings as If
greatly agitated. “You know, Annie
is growing steadily worse, and the
doctor from the village says she
must have a nurse, so 1 have tele
graphed for two to come at once.
Oh! I thought that dinner would never
She seemed to feel the chilliness of
the night air. but, declining my offer
to get her an additional wrap, she
drew the fur trimmed collar of her
cloak more closely about her neck,
and went on hurriedly:
"You remember 1 once told you
that Annie and Jack, my brother, had
some sort of a disagreement just bet
fore he went away and that he leff
this country because of it. Well*
Annie told me some time ago that
I was entirely wrong in my under
standing of the matter, and 1 have
wanted to tell you all about it so
many times, only I could never bring
myself to speak of it.”
She paused, and I could see that
she was weeping softly, but I had
myself well in hand, and even be
fore I could speak, she resumed
"You saw Jack when he returned,
Mr. Ware, and you must know how 1
feel about it all, but since Annie has
told me that he went away only be
cause, when she knew of the nature of
her disease and that her condition
was hopeless, she broke the en
gagetnent between them and Insisted
upon his leaving her in the hop«
that his love would finally die out.
1 cannot but look upon the mattei
in a different light. That is why 1
have tried to do everything in my
power for Annie, for, while at first
I merely valued her as a friend, I
now love her as a sister, but I have
never been able to bring myself
to a point where I could condone
Jack's behavior. He has my sym
pathy, of course, but he has no
reason to follow the course he has
and few or no excuses can be made
for him.”
Her feelings overcame her at last
and, wiping away her tears, she sank
into the chair that I had left and
continued, plaintively:
“Annie speaks of him now almost
all the time, and the doctor asked me
about It, and when I told him he said
that if Jack could come to her at
once it might do her a world of good.
I know it Is a dreadful risk to take
in many ways, for Annie did not
see him when he was here before,
and has no idea of the depths to
which he has sunk, but perhaps he
would realize his position and do
better with her. What do you think
about it?"
"I hardly know what to say," I re
plied. "Have you spoken to Miss
Weston about sending for him?"
“Oh, yes.” she returned, "and I
don't know what to do at all. When
ever I speak of Jack it only throws
her into a hysterical state, and just
as soon as she thinks I am out of
hearing she begins to say those dread
ful things I told you about. I am
afraid it is a matter we will have
to decide for ourselves, Mr. Ware.”
Annual Value of Farm Products In
the United Btatos Greater Than
the Output of the World's
Statistics gathered by the United
States census bureau afford interest
ing studies to those who care to delve
Into economic subjects. According to
the government reports issued cover
ing the years up to 1905. the total
amount of capital invested in manu
facturing in the United States is $12,-
686,265,673. During the year 1905
there w r as produced of manufactured
products $14,802,147,087.
The same authority gives the in
formation that the farm values of the
United States reached the enormous
sum of $20,514,001,836. and to this,
which is the land value, must be add
ed sls, which represents
farm improvements. It Is needless
to give the value of miscellaneous
stocks, etc., but it is sufficient to say
that during the years 1905 and 1906
that the annual production of the
farms of the United States amounted
to $6,500,000,000. It will be seen
from this that while the value of
farms and improvem**uts is very near
ly three times the amount invested in
manufactures, that the production of
the farms annually is only about one
half of the value of the manufactured
products; but when it is taken into
consideration that the farm supplies
more than 50 pqr cent, of the articles
that enter into the manufactures, it
shows how important is the Amer
ican farmer.
Last year the wealth produced by
American farms was live times great
er than the value of gold and silver
produced in the United States for' the
year. It is estimated that the gold
produced in the world since the dis
covery of America by Columbus up
to the present time is approximately
$11,368,000,000. During the same pe
riod the production of the silver of
the world was $12,120,000,000. Thus
it can be seen that about every four
years American farms bring wealth
into the world greater than all the
gold and silver that has been pro
duced since Columbus’ time. The
wealth of the United States Is now es
timated at $112,000,000,000. American
farmers are adding to this wealth at
the rate of between 16,000,000.000 and
7,000,000,000 yearly. The total wealth
of Great Britain and Ireland- la placed
at $60,200,000,000. At the present
wealth producing capacity of the
American farmer, in less than ten
years the wealth he produces would
aggregate more than the total wealth
of the great kingdom of Great Brit
ain and Ireland. The total wealth of
all of Italy is estimated at $13,000,000,-
000. Every two years the American
farmers produce enough to buy the
kingdom of Italy, and every year
American farms produce wealth suf
ficient to purchase all of Belgium.
Outside of the 13 original states
in adding to its (tossessions expended
$87,039,768. This includes the Louis
iana purchase, the Mexican purchase,
Alaska, the Philippines and all United
States possessions, covering 2,037,613
square miles of territory. The corn
corp of the American farmers each
year is valued at 104 times the amount
that was necessary for the United
States to pay for all Its great posses
sions. The cotton crop alone for 1906
was seven times enough to reimburse
the United States for its expenditures
on account of the acquirement of the
vast territories purchased. It is need
less to further make comparisons, the
American farmer is the great wealth
producer of the union. Upon his work
is based nearly all the manufacturing,
and It may be said nearly all the com
While the farmer is a great wealth
producer and Is one of the most In
dependent of American laborers, he
has perhaps just reason for complaint
as to compensation received for his
efforts. While the results of his
labor has given employment to an
army of millions of workers, the
American farmer has also been sub
ject to the operations of combina
tions that directly oppose his best in
terests. These are the great trusts
that control the marketing of what
the farms produce. None will deny
but that distributing agencies are
necessary, but when these agencies
become oppressive and make extor
tionate charges for the handling of
the produce of farms, they become in
stitutions that are oppressive. But
the American farmer to a great extent
appears to be responsible for the
building up of such combinations. In
his prosperity he has ignored simple
principles recognized in business and
which are important to him. Presi
dent McKinley in one of hia addresses
made the statement that to locate the
factory near the farm means the
greatest economy and the highest
prices for farm produce; In other
words, the factory makes the home
market. For years farmers in the ag
ricultural sections of the United
States have not alone contributed to
ward the support of the stock gam
blers and the managers of the trusts,
but have assisted in making possible
the building up of mammoth aggrega
tions of capital in great financial cen
ters, and this capital has bem used in
the furtherance of combinations that
have made it possible to dictate to
the farmer what prices he must take
for all that he has to. sell.
The farmers should understand that
money sent from districts to the large
cities means the concentration of
wealth in these cities and greater
support for the trust builders. They
should also understand that their
farm values to a great extent depend
upon the activity and importance of
the home town. Should the farmer re
lieve himself of the burden that is
placed upon him by the trusts and
combinations, he can do it by assist
ing to the greatest extent the build
ing up of industries in his own
his county and state. The question
is worthy of the most careful consld*
eration of every resident of a rural
district. The greatest utilization of
all home resources can only be
brought about by a cooperation of
the people. Every land owner and
every person employed in the tilling
of the soil, should give greater study
to economic questions and discover,
if possible, how much better all con*
ditions under which he labors can be
made by a practice of the old-time
home patronage rule.
Progress of Agricultural Districts and
Cities and Towns Go Hand in Hand.
The building up process of a coun
try commences with the cultivation
of the soil generally. First the pio
neers, the settlers on the land, begin
the building of homes, and closely In
the wake of the agriculturists follow
the towns.
Town building is an Interesting
study. It is the highest develop
ment of communism. As far back
as we can reach in the history-of the
world we find the spirit of community
of interests. When Columbus reach
ed America he found the Indians had
their villages. Even among the most
barbarous races the communial spirit
is found. In our state of civilization
cities and towns represent most per
fect communial development.
Where there are people engaged in
any indusstry, it is necessary that
there be tradesmen to supply neces
sary wants. These tradesmen gen
erally seek the most convenient loca
tion in the settlement and form the
nucleus of the town and city. With
the setlling up of the contiguous ter
ritory, new industries are brought into
existence and gradually there is a
growth of the hamlet to the propor
tions of a village. The village soon
becomes a small city, and its Impor
tance is gauged entirely by the trade
that it can command to give employ
ment to the people residing within it.
Geographical location is always an
important factor in town and city
building. The average agricultural
town has a limited territory for its
support. From this territory must
come the trade to maintain it. The
large cities are small towns "grown
up." While the small town may re
ceive its support (rs>m the immediate
territory surrounding it, the city is
maintained by the trade given it by a
multitude of small towns, and by cer
tain conditions that perhaps may
make it a place where manufacturing
and jobbing may be carried on advan
tageously. While the geographical
position is important to the small
town, it is more important to -the
large city, as there are numerous con
ditions to be met. and such things
as transportation facilities and freight
rates are highly important.
It may be said that the majority of
American cities and towns are de
pendent to a great extent upon the
agricultural sections of the country.
The farms supply the major portion
of the articles of commerce and man
ufacture, and as well the trade that
supports the towns and cities.
The community should take pride
in the progress of the town which it
has been instrumental in building up.
The town is all important to the resi
dents of rural districts as it affords
educational and social advantages
that would otherwise not exist. I&
many localities there is an erroneous
impression that the interests of the
residents of towns are different from
the interests of the people of the con
tiguous territory. A little thought
will show how the interests of both
classes, the residents of the country
and the citizens of the town, are
equal; how the" town depends upon
the country for its support, and the
country looks to the town as a mar
ket place and as a convenience in gen
eral. Thus we have plainly illus
trated how much to the interest of
all residents of rural districts that
the home town be a progressive place
and that all its interests be protected.
Try for Factories.
Small manufacturing plants are de
sirable factors in the business of any
town. There must be employment
for the residents of a city or town,
and any means of supplying this need
is commendable. But there is one
thing that many citizens do not take
into consideration, and that is, it is
better for the citizens of a town to
build up industries already establish
ed than to strive to gain new indus
tries. A manufacturing plant is ben
eflcial to a place in accordance with
its payroll and its output of goods
that bring a revenue to the town.
Some small concerns that will em
ploy a dozen hands will have a pay
roll of perhaps $35 or S4O a day. Tho
value of its products may amount to
$15,000 or $20,000 annually, all de
pendent upon the character of the
business. But what is most consid
ered is the payroll. From the aver
age small town it is estimated that
trade lost, and which goes to large cit
ies through the mails, is more than
SIOO a day. If citizens of a commu
nity would retain this SIOO a day and
do their trading in the home town, it
is evident that it would be twice as
beneficial as the small factory that
has a payroll of S4O or SSO daily.
Schemes to Defraud.
One of the latest plans of traveling
agents to defraud the people residing
in the country is the wire fence deal.
Lately a number of traveling agents
have been working in different west
ern states. They represent to the'
farmer that they will install an eight
strand wire fence with iron posts
for only eight cents a foot. No money
is asked in advance, but a promisory
note is given that upon the comple
tion of the fence the same will be
paid for at the agreed price per foot.
After the fence is put in position the
farmer finds that his note has been
placed in the local bank for collection,
and that instead of he securing his
fence for eight cents per foot, It is
eight cents “per wire foot,” which*
makes it 64 cents per foot. This is
puiely a modification of the old light
ning rod swindle. It hardly ever pays
the farmer to have dealings with trav
eling agents who make extraordinary
promises as to the goods they ha'p
to dispose of.
Style of Structure Which Will Allow
of Easy Handing of Hay.
When a considerable quantity of
hay is to be stored, the style of bam
should be such as will permit easy
handling both in unloading and re
loading. To store 60 tons of hay,
with a 14-foot driveway between each
bay and with 12-foot bays 18 feet deep,
would require a length of 64* feet, the
floor space would then be 38x64 feet,
divided into two bays 12 feet wide, of
four 16-foot bents each.
The filling can be expeditiously
handled with the horse fork in two
ways, explains Central Herald —first,
filling each bent by itself from a car
rier running lengthwise along the
ridge of the shelter, dropping the hay
in the center of the 14-foot space of
that bent and filling this bent JWith
one kind of hay; the second and third
bents would be filled in the same
manner, and the horse fork could be
worked from either one or both ends
as desired. If the first unloading is
to be done by hand, the hay can be
unloaded by driving crosswise, stop
ping the wagon opposite either of
the 12-foot spaces or the 14-foot space.
If the center driveway is to be kept
free for more expeditious removal of
Rian of Barn.
the hay, the simplest and most con-'
venlent method of handling the fork
is represented In the cut, where the
hay fork is represented as working
on a track suspended under the ridge
of the roof, and running the full
length of the barn. Befieath the
forkful of hay is represented a tilt
ing platform which, when inclined as
represented in the cut, throws the
hay on the right side; if tilted in the
opposite direction, the hay "would
fall on the left side of the driveway;
but if the tilting platform is not un
der the forkful of hay the hay would
fall in the center. With such an ar
rangement as this, the hay can be de
livered on one side or the other of
the driveway, or it may be dropped
in the middle, at the will of the op
erator on the bay, and hence the ar
rangement can be used equally well
for entirely filling each bent of the
shelter at once, and thus diminish the
labor of distributing the hay, over
what would be required if each fork
ful of hay was dropped at one place.
This tilting platform can be made
in various ways—most simply in the
form of a series of slats made of
inch boards and carried on a central
axis on which it turns. The length
of the slants would be determined by
the width of the driveway, and must
be long enough so that the hay falls
on the bay after sliding from it. The
width of the platform should be in the
neighborhood of 12 feet, and it should
be carried on palallel tracks, as rep
resented In the figures. A bar should
connect each pair of rollers carrying
the platform car, just below the roll
ers, so that as the platform Is tilt
ed it stops when striking this bar,
causing it to deliver its load at the
proper place.
About the Only Cure for Sick Birds
Is the Hatchet Cure.
We hear a great deal about cures
for chicken cholera, but it is my opin
ion that if a man has the chicken
cholera in his poultry establishment
the best thing he can do is to get
to work and butcher as many fowls
as possible, if they seem to have the
cholera. I have no faith In any rem
edies. If the remedies seem to do
good I know then that the fowls have
no cholera, but have indigestion, as a
result of improper feeding.
It is my belief, continues this corre
spondent of Farmer's Review, that
there is very little chicken cholera
In the country. When it does come
It makes a clean sweep of most of the
fowls in a flock. I have known of
flocks that were simply exterminated
by the disease.
I have not heard of a genuine case
for so long a time that I feel sure
that with proper sanitation we will
hot have much more trouble from it.
It is said to have come from Europe
and to have swept over this country
like a plague at first.
My way of keeping out cholera and
all such diseases is to raise all my
own birds. In doing this I think I
am presenting a barrier to disease.
A new file if a good friend to carry
along in the garden or field when hoe
ing time comes.
When you sell «&eat and buy bran
see that you get more than an even
exchange with time and hauling
thrown In.
It is claimed that Luther Burbank
has an apple tree on which be has
placed 526 different grafts, ail of
which will bear fruit.
Squashes and cabbage require
strong manure and a generous quan
tity of it. They are great feeders.
They also “use up” a good deal of
A good way to increase the fertility
of the farm is to raise more clover,
feed the hay to the stock, and return
the manure to the land. Be sure to
get a stand on the winter wheat field.
Alsike is especially good on wet
Directions for Building It So That
It Wilj Shed Water.
Setting a stack of hay appears sim
ple enough to those who have had no
experience with it, but those who
have had quite a little hay “spoil” by
the rain soaking into an Improperly
set stack know it is easier said than
done. I don’t remember whether the
first few hay stacks I set shed
rains properly or not, but those I
make nowadays never "rain in” more
than a few inches on top.
I have a system in hay stacking—as
I like to have in everythiilg else—after
the stack is a few feet high, writes a
successful Wisconsin farmer in Farm
ers* Review. We first carry the
nearest hay cocks by hand with two
light poles between the stack founda
tion. A cock is set on each corner,
and as many between and in the cen
ter as we have room- After these have
been made even, ray systematic stack
ing begins. Some more hay having
been carried to the incipient stack
or hauled down with a wagon, as is
most convenient, one man pitches it
onto the stack, while I commence at
one corner to lay a layer of hay
around the outside of the stack. I
aim to stay away for several feet
from the outside so they will stay
loose and thus settle more than the
central portion.
When the first layer around the out
side has been finished, I start an
other one several feet nearer the cen
ter, but enough onto the first one so
it will hold this one well. This second
one must be thicker than the out
side one. After this each succeeding
layer is made thicker until the center
of the stack is reached. After the cen
ter has been well filled and tramped
down, the stack will decline towards
the outside on all four sides. (I
make my stacks oblong, not round,
as some one might understand from
the above.) The greater the slant the
better. This depends somewhat on
what kind of hay is being stacked.
With prairie and marsh hay the de
cline from the center to the outside
cannot be so steep as with tame
hay without the first layer slipping
out. ■»
After the first course another one
is started on the outside and this is
continued until the stack is finished.
I like to start my stacks consider
ably narrower than they are to be.
and afterwards keep on widening
them, till near where they must be
narrowed again.
The “drawing In” should be gradual,
so that water will not have a chance
to soak in anywhere on the side.
There is perhaps not much trouble
here, though, for I think the rains
generally soak in from the top of an
improperly made stack. This comes
about by the center not having been
kept high enough nor tight enough.
Sled with Cutting Blades to Run Down
Between Rows.
For sled use two pieces 2xß by 6
feet. Fasten a wagon tire to bottom
of runners and have runners six to
eight inches apart on inside. Use any
heavy iron, as a buggy axle, for an
arch to hold the runners in position.
Bolt on inside of runners, a little in
front of where knives are attached.
Two bolts through runners and tires
hold the knives in place. Knives
should be three feet long, and set at
an angle that will keep them from
The Weeder Ready for Use.
clogging and yet will let them reach
nearly across the ridge between rows.
Attach them between the runners and
the tires, slipping in between the two
bolts. A niche in the forward end of
the knives catches in the forward
bolts, so the knives can be taken out
when desired. Drawing shows weeder
complete and one knife detached,
showing the niche that catches over
the front bolt. These weeders are
handy in case the weeds get a big.
start in listed stuff. The knives run!
under the ground an inch or two, and I
when the weeds are large this is
about the only way to get them.
By Laying Out in Long Rows It Can
Be Cultivated With Horse.
Too many farmers think they do Lot
have time to bother with so small a
thing as a garden, says Coleman’s
Rural World. The women and chil
dren manage to get the seed sown,
but the task of keeping it clean is too
much for them, and long before fall
the garden is a waving patch of weeds.
It is a mistake to think of the garden
as a small thing, for if properly man
aged It will furnish half the living
for the family during the summer
months. By laying out the garden in
long rows almost all the work of cul
tivating can be done with horse tools.
The modern cultivator can be adjusted
so as to do almost the work of a
hoe and an hour or two each week
will keep the weeds down and the
soil in the best condition for rapid
growth. Another thing that will save
much vexation is a chicken tight fence
around the garden. Such a fence will
pay for itself in a-very, few years.
Water Table and Roots of Plants.
The height of the water table in the
soil regulates to a large degree the
aepth to which the roots of plants
penetrate. A plant does not natural
ly send its roots quite down to the
water table, for the soil just above it
is too wet to permit the plant to get
the air and moisture in the proportion
needed. As the surface of the water
sinks down the roots extend down
ward to keep always In the kind or
soil they find best suited to them.
Sometimes the roots of our common
plants, like corn and wheat, will fol
low the water table down for seven or
eight feet while the roots of alfalfa
will follow it down for 20 feet or more.

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