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DIGGING PANAMA CANAL
OopjrlKtit bjr Wnlilon Pswn-tt. When John F. Stevens, chief engineer of the Panama canal, resigned his pcsition in February, 1907, and President Roosevelt decided to turn the work of completing the isthmian waterway over to government officials he selected Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Gcethals, U. S. A., as chief engineer to superintend the work. Col. Goethals is also chairman of the csnal commission. The work of complet ing the canal has progressed very satisfactorily since he has taken charge. CITY WINS CONTEST. 'ENID, OKLA.. WHIPS RAILROAD IN BITTER FIGHT. I--...., *.... Attempt of Rock Island to Establish Townsite of Its Own Is Aban doned—Victory Accomplished by Aid of Senate. Enid. Okla.—The lust chapter in the most historic town fight of the south west was written when the Rock Is land railroad abandoned Its station In North Enid and moved the effects of the office there to this city. Enid claims the distinction of being the only city that ever whipped a rail road in. a townsite .tight and that evm succeeded in enllHtlng the United States senate's aid to bring about such a result. When the Cherokoe strip was opened for settlement In 189.1 the Rock Island had the only line across the strip from north to south in tlfe western part of the new country. Gov TIES STEFA IN JIFFY MILTON BEALER OF OKLAHOMA BREAKS WORLD’S RECORD. Ox I? Chased, Lassoed, Thrown and Bound in One-Third of a Minute Before Crowd of Ten Thou sand Persons. Fluid, Okla. —Before 10,000 persons. Milton Itealer of Xlnnekah, Okla. broke the world's record for lassoing and roping a wild steer the other day Healer's time was 2Q seconds flat. The former champion was W. E. Carroll of Mangiim. Okla., who had a record of 21% seconds. Carroll witnessed Beal cr's great .feat and declared him the world’s champion. Thirty steers from the Panhandle ot Texas specially imported for this oc caslon were the objects of the lasso They qame from a 20.000-acre ranch and were as wild as the plains of the southwest, could produce. Twelve widely known cowboy ropers partici pated in the contest, each mounted on his own pony. .When cue of the raugc steers was released from the corrul he was chased across the field until he came lu front of the judges' stand, and. if vthon running at a high rate of speed, n .flag was dropped and the fleet-footed pony, with Ills rider swinging a lariat, dashed down the field after the steer. The time made by Uealer appears WIFE BETRAYED HERSELF. With Hand Dipped In Salt Water Sh 2 Talked in Sleep. Trenton, N. J.—"An old sea captain once told me that if I would put th-i hand of a sleeping person in salt wa ter that person would answer truth fully any questions that I might ask them. I tried It with my wife. Sh • answered all my questions and gave Energetic Boy Hires His Father Fifteen-Year Old Merchant Also Em ploys Big Brother While He Studies. St. Louis.—McKinley Edmiston. IS .-years old, a student at a St. Louis , business college, knows what it is like to have his father and big brother work for liim. He also enjoys the ex perience of studying business methods after he has made a success that , would make many grown men proud. Ho catne home one night about two years ago and said to his father: *Tui going in tho newspaper selling business. I’ve got three dollars: will you lend me five dollars?" His father, J. D. Edmiston. at that time chief clerk and registrar of the office of the state inspector of grain for Illinois, made the loan. McKinley made use of the basement of bis home for a distributing station. His business grew until he had Id boys working for him. He paid back i his debt. When trade grew too large i for the basement Mr. Edmiston pur ! eminent townsites had been laid out, hut the railroad, in order to keep for itself the splendid profits that would accrue from the added value to lots in Ihe future business centers, refused to agree to the government townsites and established townsites of its own two miles distant from the officially platted ground. This was done in the cases of Medford. Pond Creek and Enid, hut the fight all centered at the last named place because it was be lieved. as afterward developed, that this was the most important point. Twelve hundred acres of land were bought by the Rock Island from the Cherokee Indians prior to the opening two miles north of the townsite of Enid ami a future city laid out. A -nation, the largest at that time south of Wichita to the Texas line, was erected by the railroad and the infor mation given out that this was to be a division point with shops for ail the southwest. But no depot was erected on the government site two miles dlstnnt. Thirty thousand persons assembled TYPE OF DIRIGIBLE BALLOON < '•U’/niflit l.y v\ • ui<in hiarttt. The war department has ordered several balloons of this type for tho army. Experiments will be made by the signal service branch to determine its practicability in time of war. incredible In view of what he had to do. His pony ran 100 yards before the lasso's loop fell over the steer's giant horns. That moment the pony turned, digging his hoofs into the ground, braced himself and waited. The rushing steer reached the limit of the rope and turned a complete somersault, landing on his side with a thud. Unable to use his head, the steer could not rise. Dealer was not on the pony. The very moment ho saw the lariat land I me the proof that I needed to briug j my divorce suit." ' This was the startling statement that caused Vice Chancellor Walker to reserve decision in the divorce suit of Richard Tague of South Amboy, brought ou statutory grounds. Tague appeared as his own coun sel and when asked by Vice-Chancel lor Walker how he obtained the names of the men with whom he charged his wife with Improper conduct, he ex cbased an old street car and had the , station moved. McKinley made use , *»f modern methods in interesting the ! boys working for him. He gave them a banquet at his home one night and planned othor amusements for them. Before long the street car was also outgrown and a newly built store rent -1 e»l. About that time Mr. Edmiston ! save up his office, which paid him Jl.1l) a month, in order that he might help his young son. McKinley Edmis ton was able to pay his father a bet ter salary than the state of Illinois. Fruit, candy aod notions were added to the newspaper trade. Mr. Edmiston and another son, Clyde, will take care of the business until McKinley has finished his busi ness course. How She Did Him. He—My wife never got the better of me but once. j Stye-rrLucky mao: When was that* j He (slghlug)—When uh« married ! m« on the two sites file day of the open ing, but the number soon diminished to about 5,000 at South Enid, as the Rock Island persisted in calling the present city, and 2,000 or 2,000 In North Enid. For «i year a fight was waged between the two towns, with the railroad supporting its site and refusing to stop trains at South Enid. In that year popular resentment reached a pitch where It was danger ous to life to ride on tho railroad be tween Kansas and Texas. On numer ous occasions bridges were burned along the line, and In each instance the following note was found posted near: To the Rock Island —Better build a depot in Enid. Wrecks became frequent, tracks were torn up or blocked. Conductors of trains going through were arrested by the sheriff for violating ordinances enacted by the city, and everything possible was done to harass tlie road. The city itself became an armed camp, every street patroled at night to keep unknown men out for fear It would he burned. Every afternoon nt two o’clock the firehell rang and the people of Enid assembled on the public squnre to listen to fiery ad dresses against the road and hear plans for further action. A few months after the opening federal troops were imported to pro tect the railroad's property in Pond Creek and Enid. Word that they were coming was received in advance, and when they arrived in Pond Creek on their way south they were met by a committee, it was shown to the officers that the troops were being used by the railroad against the people, and that it was not a fair fight. On this information an order was given for no man to alight from the train, and the soldiers returned to Kansas. So notorious did the loss of life and property and the reign of lawlessness become that congress finally took a hand and ordered the Rock Island to put in a depot at “South Enid.” Sen ator Teller of Colorado and Senator Berry of Arkansas championed tho city’s cause on the floor of the upper house in a hitter debate between tho friends of the Rock Island and tho friends of the government townsite. Hoke Smith, then secretary of the In terior. stood by the official plat and aided in getting the bill passed that gave Enid a depot. The first train stopped in Enid Sep tember 10, 1894, while the inhabitants of the city were holding a great anni versary celebration. From that time on trains stopped regularly. North Enid, however, died hard, but gradual ly It was forsaken. Within the last five years almost every building of importance has been removed to this city. To-day there is not a store, post office or building of Importance where once there was a thriving and promising city numbering thousands of inhabitants. A movement has been started to celebrate the abandonment of the sta tion. well over the steer's horns he slid from the pony's back and ran toward the roped beast. With six feet of rope he tied all four feet of the steer together in such a manner that they foukl not be freed, jumped on the boast, raised his hand and removed his hat as a signal to the judges and the spectators that he was through. All this done in the third part of a single minute. Milton Healer Is just past 22 years old. He has spent his life on a ranch. ploited the salt water method. Tague said that eight days after the marriage he found in his wife's possession a let ter from another man. Mrs. Tague filed a cross-suit, nam ing a co-respondent, but this phase of the case was not brought out. The man who neglects to put his best foot forward when he has a chance may feel like kicking himself later. RARE SPORT IN JERSEY. Farmer Catches Carp, Goo3e, and Ot ter on Fishline. Towaco. N. J.—Wesley Jacobs, farm er. living on Hook mountain, shot into a flock of wild geese, which rose from a marshy Inlet of Passaic river, and brought down two. He was surprised a moment later to see another goose rise in the air again and again, only to fafl to the ground. Upon investigation Jacobs discov ered that the goose was caught on a set line nearly 500 feet long, with 50 hooks set at intervals. A section of the line was on the la*nd, and the goose had swallowed one of the baits. Following up the line. Jacobs found it drawn down into a hole under a stump. Pulling the line, he dragged out of the hole, a snapping, snarling otter and an 18-pound German carp. Exactly. Sweet Sixteen—Papa, what is the difference between firmness and ob stinacy? . Papa—Merely a matter of sex, my dear. HORTICULTURE ROOT GRAFTING. Considered Easier Method Than Other Forms of Grafting. Trees may be propagated by root grafting more easily than by any other method. The main part cf the work cun be done in winter, assuming that the roots are obtained before the ground is frozen too hard. Roots lrom nursery trees of medium size about one year old are best. The scions may be cut any time before the buds swell. The grafting may be done any time In winter in the farm workshop or basement. The scions should be five or six inches long and cut so that a strong bud will be at the top of each piece. Cut the lower end as shown in the il- How the Root Graft Is Made. lustration. Make a long, sloping cut at the butt end about 1 % inches long, tapering to a point. Then cut a slit one-half inch long, parallel to the cut Just made, forming a tongue, and with its point a little below the middle of the slope. Then, taking a piece of root five or six inches long, cut it lu precisely the same way as the scion, so that the two fit together and corre spond. Join scions and roots of the same size, so that the cut edges will fit well. If a number of scions are cut ut the same time It will bo easier to find one which will lit each root as it is cut. When root and scion are fitted to gether, says Farm and Home, hold the graft firmly, and with the spliced part between the thumb and forefinger, take a piece of waxed thread in the right hand, put tho end of it under the left thumb to hold it fast while the thread is passed around the graft and made to bind down the end. Wind the thread, or roll the graft in the left hand, 60 as to bind the cut sur faces together, and snap off the thread without tying it, as the wax will hold it In place. The tying is a very simple operation, and children can learn to do it. but cutting and fitting the graft should be done with care. Tie the completed grafts In bun dles and store away in sawdust or similar material until planting time, keeping them in a damp, cool place where they will not freeze, and where mice will not get at them. At tree planting time set them out in rich, mellow soil, placing them deep enough to cover the point of union. If kept cultivated these grafts should make good growth the first season. PRUNING FRUIT TREES, Apple Trees Should Allow of Passage of Wagon Beneath Limbs. Apple trees should not be given such low heads that a horse and cart cannot be driven around in tho or chard quite close to them. It is con venient to pick fruit standing on the ground, but the inconvenlece of low trees overbalances that advantage. If the branches start from the trunk five feet from the ground and the pruning is properly done afterward large horses can be driven along as closely to the trees in plowing the orchard as is necessary, without interfering with tho branches. In pruning, keep an open top, and as straight branches as possible. Trim from the trunk or from the branches and look after the tree closely enough so a heavy pruning knife or a pair of shears will do the work where a saw would be required later. If'big limbs are cut one to two inches in diameter, don’t forget to cover the stubs with thick paint. HORTICULTURAL NOTES. Don’t plant too many fruit trees, but enough so that you can give them the right attention. Do away with that ladder leading to the hayloft and put in steps. It will be time well spent. Keep your orchard as near like a garden as possible from the time it is planted to the day of its death. Three fine requisites are necessary to secure early potatoes, viz, early soil, early planting, eprly variety. Every farmer should take an inter est in the forestry question. It vitally concerns the farmer as well as others. In taking up young trees for trans planting they should be marked so they can be put in the ground Just as they came out Hen manure seems to have a spe cial value for the onion crop. If none is at hand 1,500 pounds per acre of a good potash fertilizer will do. Onion land should be plowed in the fall or early winter. Give a shallow harrowing just before planting the seed. Plant early in drills 14 to 16 inches apart. Beautify Your Grounds. It costs practically nothing but labor and not much of that to beautify the home or tho schoolhouse grounds. A smooth, nicely-sodded lawn and a few trees, shrubs, vines and flowers about the house add dollars to the value of the farm and untold wealth and com fort to the occupants. Cutting Potato Seed. It is not so important to cut tho po tatoes to one, two or three eyes to each piece as it is to have each piece as large as possible with one to three eyes. Serves Him Right. The farmer who thinks more of his own welfare than he does of that of his live stock is often disappointed on market day. Don’t Do It. No truck gardener or farmer should contract to sell his products at stipu lated prices the entire season. FERTILIZING WITH CHARCOAL. Experiment Has Shown That It lm proves the Soil for Plant Growth. A horticulturist connected with the botanical gardens in Washington is quoted as saying that experiments with reference to the use of charcoal as a fertilizer for plants have de veloped the fact that plants will vege tate and grow in nearly pure charcoal and that plants grown in a mixture of two-thirds coal and one-third of vegetable mold greatly surpasses those grown in the ordinary way. Thickness is added to the stems, richness to the color of the leaves and beauty to the blossoms. In all cases where it is customary to mix sand with the mold in which plants are set the substitution of char coal dust for the sand will render the vegetation stronger and more vig orous. Pure charcoal acts excellently as a means of curing unhealthy plants. Take, for instance, an orange tree af fected by the very common disease in which the leaves become yellow, and it will acquire within a few weeks a healthy green color by removing the upper surface of the earth from the pot in which it is contained and plac ing in its stead a layer of charcoal of an inch in thickness. The charcoal to use is the dustlike powder from fir or pine coal and the best results are obtained when the coal has been exposed to the action of the air through a winter season. The properties of charcoal are man ifested in two ways, says the Eplto mist; flirst, by its tendency to pre serve all plants and substances from decay, and secondly, by the carbonic gas it furnishes during the slow de composition it undergoes and which, in a few years, converts It into coaly earth. It yields directly and constant ly one of the most essential elements of plants and gives beautiful color and great luxuriance to them. Where large quantities of charcoal are used the plants consume and require more wa ter than ordinarily, ns the air is given free access and dries the roots rap idly. STARTING HORSE RADISH. Set Out the Roots as Early as It Is Possible. Horseradish is started by setting out roots as early in the spring as the ground will permit. These roots are known as waste root 3, cut from the sides of the marketable crop. In taking u p horse-radish, there are always several email roots radiating from the main or tap root which is used largely for grating. These small roots are cut off and used for starting new beds. Roots as large as a lead pencil, and larger, are taken off and used to good ad vantage. They are cut into lengths from 4 to 6 Inches and taper at the top or thick end, that is. they are cut on a slant as seen In the cut. and not square off. These are put in the ground so that the thick end is upward. They are planted about 2 or 3 inches deep. This is prevent any water from ac cumulate.# on the end of the plant, thus causing decay. Horse-radish de lights in a rich soil and is ready for market by October 1. It can be left all winter and marketed early in the spring if desired. I know of but one variety, says a writer in Orange Judd Farmer, and it is as hardy as a dock root when once started. Usually from two to five plants can be cut from each root during harvest, besides having roots for sale. I started with 1,500 plants and in three years set out 40,000 be sides selling a considerable number. The cost of horse-radish sets or plants ranges from $2.50 to $3 per 1.000 roots. When set out, the row? should be set about 3 feet apart and plants about 14 inches in the row. Imitating His Elders. Young folks are quick to pattern after their elders, bad habits as well as good. A little Rochester boy was sent on an errand by his mother to the grocery store, and when he came back he was contentedly eating a ba nana. “Where did you get your ba nana?'* asked his mother. ‘'Bought it,” he replied, quietly. "But I gave you no money to buy one." she ob jected. "Oh. well,” he said, noncha lantly. "I told Mr. Brown to let me have two. and I would drop in and pay for them next week.” That was beginning the credit system at an early age. Exit Stale Tobacco Smell. Lavender units are used in our home to freshfen the air of the living room, where smoking is occasionally in dulged in. Select a large mouthed bottle—a stick candy jar which will hold a quart is just the thing. In this place one pint of pure (not household* ammonia, add two ounces of oil of lav ender and then fill the bottle with carbonated ammonia blocks. When using shake the bottle, remove the stopper and leave for half an hour. The odor is peculiarly invigorating and not at all overpowering if not too close a sniff of the jar is taken.— Good Housekeeping. Plan Bed for Next Year. To make a success of strawberries, the ground should be well manured the year before planting and should have grown a crop of potatoes that have been well cultivated and no weeds allowed to mature. This ground should be plowed late in the fall; some soils will be better plowed again in spring, some may be disked and well dragged. Feeding the Cow. Feed the cow which gives milk of average richness one-third as much finely ground grain as she gives pounds of milk. Give her all the rough feed she will eat up clean. Growing Potatoes. Potatoes require an abundance of available plant food to have large yields. PURELY FEMININE! DRESSING THE HAIR FASHIONABLE COIFFURES RE DUCED IN SIZE. Heavy Elaboration, So Marked a Fea ture of the Winter’s Style, No Longer the Mode Marcel Wave Out of Date. Nature, or a reasonably good repro duction of the dame, again holds sway in the realm of fashionable hairdress ing. No longer are hard, upholstered effects considered in the height of the Graceful and Natural. mode. Neither are great quantities of artificial hair required to build out the fashionable coiffure, which is in the act of shrinking to a size some what more in conformity with the proportions of the human head. It may be that the protests of theater goers, who have found the impreg nable fortresses of hair erected in front of them as difficult to see through as the most blatant of pic HINTS FOR THE HOME SEWER. How Time May Be Saved and the Patience Preserved. Many ill humors and wrought up feelings are created at the machine. A great many steps may be saved by equipping yourself at the start with a few helps. If you are working on fine white goods, have two spools of thread the same size, so If your bobbin should run out It will not necessitate un threading the needle to refill.- This will save a great deal of time, especial ly it you should be at the middle of a tuck. Another time tfiVCT Is Id have the upper right hand drawer empty, tti use for clippings and basting threads an you remove them while sitting at the machine, otherwise they are bound to get scattered. Have a small pincushion attached to the machine in some convenient place within reach, filled with pins and needles. Have three or four needles threaded with basting thread and knotted, ready for use. A suggestion recently seen was a small vial for holding broken needles and also for pins without points, as you come across them. Of course machine needles, thread, pins, needles, binding tapes, etc., all careful sewers keep on hand. Care of Furs. Many a fine set of furs is ruined and many an ordinary set worn out in half its due time by carelessness or ig norance. It is not the wearing of them that hurts, but the lack of care after they are taken off. They should never be placed in a closet damp or crumpled up or with other clothing on top. If they have been snowed upon shake them as dry as possible and spread out in a warm place until they are bone dry. Then they should be brushed the wrong way and hung up or laid in a roomy box. Ermine and chinchilla should be placed in layers of tissue paper and cleansed occasion ally with a lump of magnesia. Most furs Which have become slightly soiled may be freshened with a piece of cot ton damped with gasoline. Bride's "Jar” Shower. To a bride just going to housekeep ing a "jar” shower would prove truly acceptable, so the very next time you wish to honor a bride-elect try it. Then if each guest would add the recipe for making the contents of her For Dressing Table. There is one silver trinket to give when in doubt. It is a dainty little silver-handled feather intend ed to flick away the stray motes of dust and powder that settle on the dressing table after the room has been put in order in the morning. When not in use it lies on the dressing table as an ornament, its feathered end con cealed in a bell-shaped cover of etched or perforated silver. Or if maids are too scrupulous to allow powder dust to gather, the dressing table duster can be converted into a brush gently to durt ostrich plumes and hat trim mings. Another novelty for dressing tables are the toilet sets of a yellow metal, which is neither brass nor gold plate, but something new, less costly anri more easily cared for. Discarding Embroidery Hoops. By discarding embroidery hoops and basting the material firmly upon stiff brown paper. I can accomplish twice as much. The work may be bent and crushed without disturbing the design, and ii% this way one can get much nearer the pattern. It does not matter ture hats, are responsible for tho modification of this mode of hair dressing which is already observable. It may be that women have gradual ly found out that the heavy elabora tion of the early winter’s style of hairdressing was not becoming to a majority of faces. However It came about, certainly a change for tho bet ter in the adoption of more natural styles is to be noted in the coiffures of women who are entitled to be consid ered leaders of fashion. Stiff. fussy arrangements are avoided. The marcel wave is no long er fashionable. The hair is curled and then combed out in graceful, loose waves, as shown in the illustra tion. Little curls are made around the face, if becoming, especially for an evening coiffure, but stiff rows of curls and puffs, such as are bought by the yard, are not considered in very good style unless the elaborate coif fure chances to be most becoming to the individual. If artificial hair is used an attempt Is made to conceal the fact, and therefore it is not used in such quantities as could possibly be furnished only by a growth as phe nomenal as that of the hair advertise ment signs. New Challis Patterns. What has turned out surprisingly at tractive this season is the new line of challis. They show a pale groundwork in color patterned with beautiful flow ers or odd figures. Made up with tunic skirts and bodices with lingerie fichus they are the acme of chic. Like most of the other thin fabrics, challis have invaded the province of bordure materials. These follow rtie effects of the mousselines, chiffons, etc., and In fact go them one better, since some lovely challis have their borders wrought in fine silk soutache stitched upon the delicately tinted background in Roman and Greek key effects. The trimming of the bodice is then carried out in the same design by means of lace and embroidery, com bined with soutache. jar and the hostess would provide a book for pasting in these rules, this new Little housekeeper would surely rise up and call her friends blessed. These showers for hospitals and other charities are quite popular just now, and in this way a fine assortment of delicacies is added to the emergency shelf and the demand on the individual donor is very small. GIRL’S COSTUME. A pretty shade of dark blue face cloth is employed for this costume. This skirt is arranged in plaits which turn towards the center front, the foot is trimmed with a narrow stitched strap. The coat is strapped at the edge and up each seam, the lower edges are rounded, tiny straps of silk braid and buttons are used for ornamentation. The collar and cuffs are faced with brown velveL Munh room shaped hat of blue felt trimmed with glace silk the same color. Materials required: Seven yards 46 inches wide, three yards lining silk and one-half yard velvet. If the paper is caught In the stitch, as it easily washes away.—Good House keeping. Centerpieces. Beautiful centerpieces are made oI linen embroidered in dahlias made of loops of linen braid held down by a aingbi stitch of white floss. The center of each flower is made of five or six yellow French knots. attractive centerpiece is made of linen edges with a circular border of flat net, which is embroid ered in heavy mercerized linen in a conventional dlslgn. This is an ex tremely beautiful table decoration, the filet net giving the effect of Mexican drawn work. The Over-Blouse. What the separate jumper waist was last year we now find the over blouse fast taking its place. It Is made of silk, satin, lace or dress ma terials to match the skirts and is a plain, pretty affair without sleeves or yoke, rather ornamental with trim ming, embroidery and various touches of artistic needlework.