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LAMAR, - - - COLORADO Peril of the Turnstile Door. It is surprising that the turnstile door has not long ago aroused a strong protest on the ground that It consti tutes a menace to public safety. We say this with due appreciation of the Ingenuity of this device, and the suc cess with which it accomplishes Its desired end of preventing the inrush of cold air which accompanies the opening and shutting of doors of the ordinary hinged type. The object of the turnstile door is to provide an in termittently obstructed passageway between tho interior and the exterior of a building, and it certainly fulfills Its end only too well. The peril of this device lies in the fact that, in so successfully shutting the cold air out It effectually shuts the occupants of the building it. The drafty effects of the ordinary door are avoided by per mitting only small pockets of air to enter in slow succession, and the men ace of the door lies in that fact that people can pass through this same exit In these samo rotating pockets only one at a time. It is true, remarks the Scientific American, that tho leaves of the revolving door are arranged to fold together, thereby allowing two persons to pass the door abreast; but In tho ovent of panic the Jnm might be too great to permit tho folding of the leaves. Moreover, the doors, even in the folded condition, present at best but a narrow passageway. We have In mind, as we write, a certain hotel recently opened In this city (Now York) —and this is merely a typical case among many—in which the only exit to the street In case of flro would bo through one of these doors. Contracts have been awarded by the war department for three flying ma chines heavier than air. If the ma chines do not fly they will not bo-ac cepted; but the contractors —Wright Itros. of Dayton, 0., A. M. Herring of New York, and J. P. Scott of Chicago —are confident that they will succeed. Tho Wright Bros, recently an nounced that they had sailed In the air for 15 miles or more at tho rate of 30 miles an hour. Their flights have been made in comparative private, or In the presence of only trustworthy persons who would not disclose the se crets of construction. A new competi tor for the honors of tho sky made its first flight In public near Hammonds port, N. Y.. In March. The aeroplane Red Wing, having 385 feet of sustain ing surface, propelled by a 45-horse power motor, after running on the ice of Lake Keuka for 400 feet, rose in tho air, sailed 319 feet, and came down again. Alexander Graham Bell, who has been experimenting with tetrahed ral kites. Is one of those interested in the development of this aeroplane. The design for It was made by Lieut. Selfridge of the army. All the lighter than-air flying-machines yet made have been aeroplanes, nnd ns an English authority on the subject says, are “more properly sklmming-dishes than airships.’* China is a silent tmuntry. and new facts are constantly cmnlng to light to show that half the story of tho great tragedy enacted at Peking, when the foreign troops looted the imperial pal aces. has never been told. The latest Is tho discovery, in a barroom In southern Germany, of the marriage contract of tho present Chinese em peror. It is a gorgeous piece of silk, four feet long and a foot wide, richly emblazoned with Chinese characters. To the German tavern keper It was merely a pretty piece of Chinese em broidery, and hung side by side with brewers’ calendars and other simple decorations. The finding of it was due to the world wide search which Chi nese diplomats and consulur agents have conducted ever since it was stolen. It has now been restored to the Imperial family. The only living American ex-presi dent celebrated his seventy-first birth day last month. Grover Cleveland has been a private citizen for 11 years. Benjamin Harrison lived eight years after his retirement, but President Ar thur survived less than 20 months. Mr. Hayes lived 12 years, and Grant eight years. John Adams, however, survived lor 25 years. Fillmore 21. Madison and John Quincy Adams each 19, nnd JefTerson 17 years. In 1868 there were three ex-presidents still living— Fillmore. Pierce and Buchanan—but since 1875 there have never been more than two alive at the same time, and for the greater part of the period there has been but one. An Indiana man of s:; years of age Is starting for Alaska on his forty-fifth unsuccessful pilgrimage for gold. His life, remarks tho New York Herald, teaches young men two valuable les sons—the nobility of perseverance and the elusiveness of riches. A Manitoba man has announced his Intention of retiring from politics to spend the balance of his life running a saw mill. He doubtless sees the folly of trying to saw wood and meddle with politics at the same time. Among other conveniences which are clamoring to be discovered by some capable inventor is an asbestos mattress, as well as fireproof blankets and sheets, for the use of the man who Insists on smoking in bed. Tho home for many years of the poet Cowper at Olney, Bucks, has just un dergone a thorough renovation, con ducted on reverent lines, at the hands of the trustees in whom it Is vested as 8 museum. CONDENSATION OF FRESH NEWS THE LATEST IMPORTANT DIS PATCHES PUT INTO SHORT, CRISP PARAGRAPHS. STORY OF THE WEEK SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF EVENTS IN OUR OWN AND FOREIGN LANDS. WESTERN NEWS. Fire at La Plata, Missouri, destroyed ten buildings and caused a loss of $50,- 000. The Union Pacific has awarded con tracts for 150 new locomotives for freight and passenger service, to be delivered in time for the fall business. Governor Johnson of Minnesota will deliver the address of welcome at the annual meeting of the National Assoai- Uion of Fire Insurance Agents at St. t’au! August 11th to 13th. The Jury at Topeka in the case of 11. 11. Tucker, Jr., charging him with using the mails In a scheme to do- Traud in promoting the Uncle Sam Oil Company, brought in a verdict of not guilty. ! The Denver & Rio Grande March ! report shows a total Income of $521,- i 155. a decrease of $152,991; and a sur plus of $232.162, a decrease of $147,- ii*7. From July Ist the surplus was [2.652.41C. a decrease of $179,452. The Colorado & Southern March re | f>ort shows gross earnings of $1,055,- j 136 against $1,108,594 for tho corre spondiug month of last year; and net •arnings of $277,565, agains; $330,890 lor March of 1907. The Oklahoma state board of equal- J Ization has completed its working esti mates on the valuation of the railroad property in the state subject to taxa tion, fixing the total at $172,489,910, which is more than twelve times as high as last year. Two thousand employes of the St. Louis & Sau Francisco railroad shops at Springfield, Missouri, were laid off on the stli inst. for an indefinite per iod. The reason assigned by the com pany for the shutdown is finauclul de pression. The American Mining Congress will hold its annual meeting early in Oc tober or late in November at Colum bus, Ohio. The date will bo set so as not to Interfere with the presidential election anil an unusually large atten dance is expected. To call the attention of the govern ment to what they believe is a delib erate attempt to rob them of lands, a deputation of Indian chiefs, represent ing eve-y tribe of Britisli Columbia coast Indians, will ieavo Vancouver for Ottawa ou May 26tli, to interview Sir Wilfrid l.aurler. A Are in San Francisco on the 4th Inst., which started In the Mentone res taurant on Geary street, between Kearney nnd Grant avenue, consumed about fifteen stores in the block bound ed by Market, Cleary, Kearney and Grant avenue. It is estimated the loss will be $400,000. The Atlantic battleship fleet steamed through the Golden Gate Into the harbor of San Francisco on Wednesday, the sth. Rear Admiral Evans was In command and Ills pen nant flew from the flngship Connec ticut. It seemed os if the whole pop ulation of California lined the shores nnd docks. The decorations were pro fuse and officers and men were enter tained in true San Francisco style. President Roosevelt and Secretary Straus of the department of com merce and labor have approved the re port of the committee ap minted by Secretary Straus to inquire Into the statistical work of the department of commerce and labor. It is proposed that each of the executive departments of the government and the interstate commerce commission appoint a statis tical export, the several appointees to constitute on Inter-departmental statistical committee. This committee will have general charge of all the sta tlstlcal work of the government. GENERAL NEWS. Every henlthy Chicago cow Is to have a tuberculosis test button clnmped In her right enr. The political campaign recently de cided upon by the American Federa tion of Labor will be directed from Chicago. At Nag Head, N. C., April 30th, the Wright brothers’ aeroplane covered a two-mile stretch nnd apparently could have proceeded indefinitely. The view that a railroad employe who Is riding on n pass is entitled to damages if injured has been upheld in .the Supreme Court of New York. Tlie boycotters of Japanese mer chants at Hong Kong are persistent in ' heir efforts and are creating a wide spread sympathy with startling effect. The imperial government of Ger -1 many must borrow $250,000,000 during the next five years according to the admission of Secretary of tho Treasury iSydow. The total casualties by the explosion sf the Japanese cruiser Matsushima were 208 men, including twenty-three I Dfflcers. thirty-three midshipmen, one warrant oflicer and 150 men. A dispatch from Tangier says that the report of Raisull’s assassination is talse. It is true, the dispatch says, •hat a hand of Elktnes fired a volley »t him from ambush, but Itaisuli was aot bit. The Republican national committee j will meet in Chicago on the 15th of May for the purpose of making prep arations for the holding of the Repub lican convention June 16th. A fact that is not generally known s that former President Cleveland i iraws a salary of $25,000 a year os president of the association of presi dents of the old line life insurance com -1 panics. A fire at Atlanta. Georgia, on the Sth nst. entirely destroyed two solid busi ness blocks. Including the Terminal ho •1. Loss, $1,250,000; insurance, $750,- 100. The Chinese boycott of Japanese Soods, which came about ns a result of he humiliation because of the Tatsu tlaru incident, is said to be weaken ng. At a reception by the Reform club n London to their new chief. Premier \squith, the premier outlined his pro >osed program. He nailed to the mast :he flags of free trade, education, li censing and old age pensions, but .Sought shy of home rule. King Edward and Queen Alexander returned to London on the 4th inst. from their Scandinavian tour. The steamer Empress of India has brought to Vancouver news of a series of disastrous conflagrations at Pekin, Involving the loss of many lives due to incendiarism. Residents of Saffarana. Etna, Lin gaglossa and many neighboring vil lages are fleeing In terror on account of the threatening aspect of the vol cano, Mount Etna, which is in erup tion. The citizens of Auckland. New Zeal and have appointed various commit •tees to arrange for an adequate wel come to the American fleet of battle ships when they cull there next Sep tem her. From 250 to 300 officers and cadets, including members of some of the prin cipal families of the Japanese nobil ity, were drowned April 30th when an explosion in a powder magazine sent tlie cruiser Matsushima to the bottom. John Murray, the London publisher, has obtained a verdict of $37,500 dam ages against the London Times be cause the Times accused the publish ing firm of extortion In selling the let ters of the late Queen Victoria at a high price. Count Henry Do La Vaulx, Jacques Faure and Alfred Le Blanc, the aeronauts, have been selected as the French representatives in the interna tional balloon contest for the James ' Gordon Bennett cup in Berlin October 11th. The London postal authorities have learned that two bags of mail from London, containing securities and val uables worth $500,000 were stolen ii> New York the latter part of March. Both bags disappeared in transit be tween the steamers and tho postoffice. The news of the conclusion of the arbitration treaty between the United States and Japan has been well re ceived at Tokio and it Is believed it will remove whatever suspicion exists regarding the mutual relations of tho two countries. The twenty-fifth delegated session of the general conference of the Meth odist Episcopul church, at Baltimore, was begun on the Cth inst., being called to order by Bishop Henry W. Warren of Denver. Delegates and vis itors were present from twenty-four countries. Edwin E. Brennan, a lawyer of Butte, Montana, was arrested in the office of F. Augustus Heinze in New York, charged with attempting to extort $40,- 000 from Heinze. Heinze alleged that Brennan had threatened Heinze to ex pose some illegal copper transaction of which he, Brennan, knew, if he was not paid $40,000. Wright brothers, aeronauts, now at Kill Devil hill, near Manteo, North; Carolina, made a first flight in their new aeroplane on the 6th Inst. Al though hut a test flight, it was success ful in every respect, the machine un der the perfect control of its two makers, traveling 1,000 feet. It was mude to alight r*ith ease and in per-, feet safety. Blackie, the only cat In the world with a private fortune of $40,000, died at Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, a few days since, being chloro formed to end his pain when it was scon that lilh illness was hopeless. Blackie and his dead sister Pinkie, were left $40,000 by the late Benjamin F; Dlllcy, of Wilkesbarre. the income to ho used in providing for them as long as they lived. Frank J. Bruno of Colorado Springs addressed the delegates to the national conference of charities and correc tion at Baltimore, urging the estab lishment of a national sanatorium for the treatment of consumptives, as tho most economic way of relieving cer tain had conditions among sufferers from the white plague. He argued that the Rocky Mountain region was the preferable situation for such an Institution. CONGRESS AND THE CAPITAL Thomas J. Sullivan, director of the bureau of engraving and printing, died at Washington on the 4lh inst. Senator Guggenheim gave notice th«t when the sundry civil hill reaches the Senate he will press an amendment carrying an appropriation of $75,000 to pay express charges upon silver dol lars ordered by hankers from various sub-t rensuries. Senator Clark Introduced an amend ment to the sundry civil bill to pay jurors and witnesses before United States courts in Western states and territories $3 per diem for attendance, and mileage of 15 cents for stage, and 1 5 cents per mile for railroad travel. The sundry civil appropriation bill, as reported, carries $55,000 for double cavalry barracks at Fort Logan; $6,- 900 for the Leadville fish hatchery; $7,500 for the protection of the Mesa Verde National park, and $79,000 for cavalry barracks and officers’ quarters at Fort Russell. Three of the star graduates of last year’s cluss nt tlie United States Mili tary academy, who were nssigued to the corps of engineers, have been or dered to proceed to the Isthmus of Panama for duty in c nnectlon with the Panama canal and Panama railroad. Senator Depew in reply to Mr. Hey burn’s attack on tlie forestry policy of the administration, commended the action of President Cleveland in in inaugurating the system of forest re serves by setting aside 20,000,000 acres, which was Increased to 40,000,000 un der President McKinley, and is now 150,000,000 acres. In the last two years, he said, France has spent $50,- 000,000 for reforestation, in view of the enormous damage to property and the homes of the people by floods. A general arbitration treaty between the United States and Japan has been signed by Secretary Root and Ambas sador Takahira. Senator Depew said in his forestry speech that only the other day New York state received 1.000.000 trees from Germany for use in reforesting the Adlrondacks. Mr. Teller, in reply, snid the w’ork of New York state in reforestation was the kind he approved. He objected to having the general gov ernment go into that business. 1 It was for the states to do such work within their borders. He objected to the vot ing of a lump sum of $500,000 for the forestry division. The house committee on fisheries reported favorably on Representative Bonyngn's bill appropriating $25,000 to establish a fish hatchery in Estes Park, Colorado. A strong recommendation for the appointment of an officer to be known as "chief of cavalry” has been made by a committee of cavalry officers at tached to the army staff college. It is Senator Guggenheim's intention to introduce as an amendment to the omnibus public buildings bill a pro vision for an appropriation of $1,800,- 000 for the erection of a public build ing at Denver. SETTLERS NEED NEW RAILROAD RUSH OF HOMESEEKERS IN FER TILE VALLEYS NEAR THE UTAH LINE. D. AND B. G. MAY BUILD LARGE IRRIGATION ENTERPRISES ON FOOT IN WESTERN MONT ROSE COUNTY. Denver. —So great has been the in vasion of homcseckers into Montrose county during past months that the people there are clamoring for greater railroad facilities. From the town ol Norwood, San Miguel county, on the filo Grande Southern, lo the Utah ine, there is a great stretch of fertile territory, now being rapidly put under irrigation, hut having no railroad fa cilities whatever. It is probable that in duo time the Denver & Rio Grande railroad will build an extension into Montrose county. There are innumerable big irriga tion and improvement projects on foot in the Naturlta-Paradox valley. At present thiH land is reached byway of Norwood, through the town of Placer ville. In this extensive valley there are 400,000 acres of rich land, capable of hearing any product when water Is applied. The Naturita Canal and Water Com pany is now preparing to irrigate 7,000 acres of land. A new company, the Empire Irrigation Company, capital ized by residents of Des Moines, lowa, is preparing to build a new reservoir and enlarge other reservoirs and ditches it has acquired, so that within three years it will put 100,000 acres of land under water. Residents of Norwood and the town of Nuciu have put between 1,500 and 2,000 acres under cultivation and plans are now under wav that within two or three years will place 10,000 acres under water. Dr. Cross of Telluride and Galloway brothers of Norwood are promoting a big project which will ultimately Irrigate 45,000 acres. This work will begin about June 1. The Dolores river does not run lengthwise of the valley, hut cuts It Into two sections, known as East Para dox and West Paradox. In West Para dox the Paradox Valley Irrigation and l.and Company is about to irrigate 18,000 acres. It is putting in a reser voir this season and will follow with another next year. The water for this project comes from the La Salle moun tains in Utah. Very little of the water in the valley is taken from the Dolores river. The Redinnds company is still an other outfit which is now getting ready to water 25,000 acres of land. The Lilly Lands Company will put 10,0001 acres under cultivation according to present plans. The Montrose Orchard Company has put out 300 solid acres of land in fruit trees. Pettibone Returns to Denver. Denver. —George W. Pettibone, com panion of Moyer and Haywood, and in dicted with them for complicity in the murder of Gov. Frank Steunenberg of Idaho, reached Denver Wednesday evening and was taken at once to his home, 1225 Cherokee street. Mr. Pet tibone gave a fervent "Thank God; this is home at last,” when he sank on a couch, worn out. Since the conclusion of his trial at Boise, where he was acquitted of the charge of being partly responsible for the crime, his health, which had been had while he was held in prison, broke down completely. At first he was ta ken to Ix)s Angeles, in the hope that (the ocean breezes would give him an opportunity to w’in hack his lost health, nnd now he has been brought hack to Denver, where it is hoped the mountain air will do what the sea breeze failed to ' accomplish. So ill was he when it was resolved to bring him to his homo that the doctors had some fears that he might not survive the trip. He Is so ill that no one out side of the immediate family is al lowed to visit his room. He hopes to ,regain his strength here, and then to return to the const. The members of his family came to Denver with him. Farmers’ Union at Rocky Ford. Rocky Ford. Colo. —A convention of representatives of the Farmers’ Edu catlvc and Co-operative Union was held here on the 7th inst., attended by thir jty-five delegates, at which a district union, comprising Pueblo, Otero, Bent, Prowers and Kiowa counties was or ganized. Tho purpose of the union is to co-operate with the state organiza tion in securing better market facili ties and lowi r prices and rates on ne cessities. Tho following officers were elected: President. Senator John H, Crowley of Rocky Ford: vice president, J. F. Michael of Pueblo; secretary. J. N. Sholas of Rocky Ford; treasurer, Hud son May of Flower. The convention endorsed the erec tion of an independent sugar factory at Manzanola, which will not be com pleted until the 1909 crop matures, it having been tound that $50,000 extra would have been required to complete the factory for this year’s crop. The convention also endorsed the es tablishment of a public warehouse at Pueblo, which will he made a centra* distributing point. Frederick Law Olmstead, the Charles Elliott professor of landscape architecture at Harvard, has been en gaged by the Boulder Improvement Association for the purpose of making j plans for beautifying the city, and to ( lay out a system of parks. An election will be held at Fort Mor- ( gan May 30th for the purpose of vot- ' ing $55,000 worth of bonds for the ex tension of tho water and electric light system. The city has grown so rapid ly that the present machinery and the light plant will be far too small to sup- j ply tho city by next fall. Three Japanese jurists have been in Denver looking into the Juvenile Court as conducted by Judge Ben B. Lindsey. The visitors from the Orient are Tyojlro Midzukami, procureur gen eral of the Court of Appeals of Naga saki; T. Tanio, counselor to the min ister of justice, and Kauwajima Alsao, C.F.D. and Ph D., of Tokio, Japan. The American Bankers’ Association, through its executive committee, has accepted an invitation to hold its next annual meeting In Denver. It will probably be held in September or Oc tober next. The bankers of Colorado will see that the delegates are well en tertained and shown over the state. 1 ADMIRAL EVANS LEAVES FLEET TURNS OVER THE COMMAND TO REAR ADMIRAL CHARLES M. THOMAS. TO RETIRE IN AUGUST HIS ELOQUENT ADDRESS OF FAREWELL IS READ ON EACH OF THE SHIPS. *' rtn San Francisco. Cal.—Rear Admiral Robley 1). Evans’ flag; was hauled down Saturday from the main truck of the battleship Connecticut In San Fran cisco harbor amid a salute of thirteen gun:;, and the first commander-in-chief of America s first battleship fleet Is now on his way to his home in Wash ington to remain on waiting orders un til the date of his retirement for age on his sixty-second birthday, the 18th of August. Accompanied by members of his fam ily and his staff. Admiral Evans left ut 6:20 p. m.. No advance announce ment of the hour of departure had been made. In order that crowds at the ferry terminal and the Oakland railways might be avoided. As the blue ensign of the retiring commander fluttered down to the after bridge of the Connecticut, a new flag of similar design was broken out in token of the presence of a new chief. Rear Admiral Charles M. Thomas, who brought the ships from Magdalena bay to Santa Cruz, and who acted for Ad- I miral Evans at all the South American , and Southern California social func tions of the cruise, taking over control of the big fleet in his own right. The new commander was saluted by thirteen guns, fired from every ship in the fleet. On board each of the six teen battleships, the six torpedo boat destroyers and the auxiliaries of the Atlantic fleet an address from the de parting commander-in-chief was read. Admiral Evans was not permitted by | his physician to go aboard the Connec ticut during the ceremonies attending his relinquishment of active naval serv ice. The address expressed the great regret the admiral felt in leaving the Bhips and his thanks for the loyal sup port of the men and officers during his long tour of command. The address in full was as follows: "United States Atlantic Fleet, U. S. S. Connecticut, Flagship. "San Francisco, Cal., May 9, 1908. "Fleet General Order No. 9. "Upon relinquishing command of the United State 3 Atlantic fleet and haul ing down my flag this day aboard the U. S. S. Connecticut, flagship, I desire to express to the officers and men of the fleet my great regret at leaving them and my apprecia'ion and hearty thanks for their continuous and loyal support, it has been a source of much gratification ami pride to me through out my period of command, not only to see the number of vessels in the fleets steadily Increase and the units become more and more formidable, but to see the steady improvement in drill, shoot ing and in everything that tends to ef ficiency, and especially to witness the growth of that feeling of comradeship and spirit which transforms a group of vessels Into an efficient war fleet. I am sure that both officers and men feel this same pride in the great increase of efficiency In these matters, and, as it has been accomplished through their loyalty and zeal, to them I extend my thanks for all that they have done. "In taking leave of them, I wish to sny to each and every one that they have my warmest sympathy an.l best j wishes for continued prosperity and [good fortune in the future. I shall al ways watch their movements with pride and Interest, and I trust they will extend to my successors the same loy alty and hearty support that they have ' always given me in order that I may be [ able to see from my home the fleet which I am now leaving progress steadily in efficiency, so that it may justify the faith of our people that our war fleet is and always will be a per fect source of strength for upholding the safety and honor of our flag and •security for such as pass on the seas | upon their lawful occasions.’ I “I desire that this order may bfc read as soon as possible at a special muster aboard every ship in the fleet as a farewell greeting from a departing | commander-in-chief, in whose henrt the officers and men will ever find the j warmest sympathy. (Signed) "R. D. EVANS. "Rear Admiral U. S. N., j "Commander-in Chief United States At j lantlc Fleet.” i The salutes prescribed by naval reg ulations were the only manifestations |of pomp or ceremony attending Ad miral Thomas’ assumption of com mand. It was his desire that the re quirements of the occasion should be iis simple as possible. Not long after his flag was flying he had returned to the shore to participate in the welcome which Oakland, across the bay—dc lired to extend to the fleet. Ater a late night ashore, attending the city banquet at the St. Francis and 1 the Greenway ball at the Fairmont ho tel, senior and junior officers alike were turned our early next morning to march In a brigade parade of blue jackets and marines from the combined fleetß through the streets of Oakland and in review of the secretary of the i navy, Oakland being his home city. Another long week of never-ending gayeties is before the officers and men Df the Atlantic fleet here before they let sail for Seattle and other cities on Puget sound on May 18th. Speaker Cannon's Birthday. Washington.—Speaker Cannon was seventy-two years old Thursday. The Tact that the weight of years has not worried him much was attested by his remark when a congressman remind ed him of his natal day: "Ry Jove,” he said, “I hadn’t thought anything about It.” Flock to Scene of Murders. La Porte, Ind.—All roads in La Porte county led to the Gunnes3 farm, more than 15,000 sightseers visiting the place of death before sunset. Prac tically every able-bodied resident of t this city made the trip, and the rail roads and trolley lines brought about 1,000 more to the city. Mayor Darrow found it necessary to Issue stringent orders that the Sunday closing laws ihould be strictly enforced, and the hotels and restaurants were overrun . with patrons. Practically every con veyance in the town was pressed into 1 lervice. AUTHORITY OF THE PRESIDENT LETTERS TO SENATORS ASSERT HIS SUPREME CONTROL OF THE ARMY. DEFENDS HIS COURSE WAS UNDER NO OBLIGATION TO GRANT COURT OF INQUIRY TO DISCHARGED NEGROES. Washington.—Three members of the United States Senate have received letters from President Roosevelt with in the last few days declaring his su premacy as commander-in-chief, in all matters referring to the control of the army and navy. The letters have created Intense feel ing in the Senate and it Is not unlikely that they will precipitate a conference ;>f Republican members. The letters in every case are in de fense of his course in discharging with out honor the negro soldiers he be lieved to be guilty of shooting up tho town of Brownsville, Texas, and his action in bunishing Col. William F. Stewart to an abandoned military post in a desert section of Arizona. The third letter came to Senator Stewart of Vermont. A few days ago, during the debate on the Brownsville case, Senator Stewart asked a ques tion indicating that he had doubt as to the wisdom of extending to the Presi dent the power of passing on the inno cence or guilt of ex-soldiers applying for reinstatement, in view of the fact that it appeared the President still believes all of the negroes to have been I guilty of complicity in the affray. The senator was surprised to receive j from the President a letter bearing I on both the Colonel Stewart and the I Brownsville cases. Attached to the j communication were letters to Sena- , tors Rayner and William Ahlen Smith, the ono to Mr. Rayner asserting chiefly 1 the President s right as commander- ' in-chief to deal with an officer in such a manner ns he pleased, while the one I to Mr. Smith was confined to the ' Brownsville affair and reiterated the , President's belief that he had dealt ; with the case ns conditions demanded, j The President went further still in his letter to Senator Stewart, in ad- ! dition to repeating much that he said j to the other senators. He declared that Senator Stewart, from the question he asked in the do j bate, appeared to be proceeding under a misapprehension of the duties of the ! President of the United States in con nection with the army and navy. He quoted the law as he understood It, and denied that he was under any obligation to give to the discharged negro soldiers or to Colonel Stewart any court of inquiry. Several para graph’s were devoted to a discussion of Colonel Stewart’s case, and the personal faults which have cast him Into disrepute in army circles. After this discussion the President wrote that in every community there is foun I maudlin sympathy with murderers, and the Thaw case in New York is cited by him as an example. Marvelous Aeroplane Flight. Manteo, N. C.—With as much ease anil the same grace as a seagull sails over the water in search of fish to de vour, Orville and Wilbur Wright of Ohio, in their newest invention, the "War Aeroplane," defied the elements and sailed away far over the Atlantic ocean and back again to their place of rendezvous in Kill-Devil Hill, Nags Head, North Carolina. Not only did the aeroplane make a successful flight over the sea, but all up and down Nags Head, which is nothing more than an island, for a dis tance of about twenty-five miles. The machine sailed with perfect east, at nil times under perfect control of both the Wright brothers, who were In the machine. The machine was at least 3,000 feet in the air at one time, and it was apparent from the maneuvers that the two inventors were particularly In terested in proving the aeroplane ca pable of making sharp and decisive turns In all directions under all condi tions. The flight of the machine as it left the earth was really a beautiful sight. It actually shot up into the air like an inflated balloon after it had been re leased. When it reached a certain height it would sail away for some distance, then ascend or descend, ac cording to the will of the operator. Admiral Evans' Farewell. San Francisco.—Rear Admiral Evans hade a personal farewell to the officers of his command at the banquet given Friday night in honor of his visit of the Atlantic fleet by the city of San Francisco. He was wheeled into the room and in a characteristic fifteen minute address declared that what is needed to preserve the peace of the world is more battleships and fewer statesmen. As to armor belts, the admiral de clared it made no difference whether they were at the water line, or whether they were made of leather, wood or eggshells. “It is the men who can shoot the straightest and stand punishment the longest who win batttles.” he declared, "and it Is of such stuff that the Ameri can navy is made.” Washington.—The Department ot Agriculture in its summary of the May crop report places the total area of winter wheat standing May 1st to be harvested at 29.751,000 acres, which Is 4.2 per cent, or 1,328,000 acres less than the area reported as sown last Tall, and 5.8 per cent, or 1.619,000 acres more than the area of winter wheat harvested last year. The average con dition of the growing winter wheat May 1st was 89 per cent, of normal, as compared with 91.3 per cent April 1st and 82.9 per. cent May 1. 1907. In rye, the average condition of the crop was 90.3 per cent of normal. Black Paper and White Ink. Appelton, Wis.—Forest preservation and the saving of millions of dollars annually are two or the chief points advanced by Fox river valley print paper manufacturers, who linvo come forth with a proposition that would revolutionize the print paper Industry of this country. It is to use black in stead cf white paper for newspapers the ink to be white, instead of black.’ The matter will be brought to the at tention of the big Eastern paper manu facturers at the conclusion of the Con gressional investigating committee's work in W ishlngton. CAUSE FOR HIS HURRY. “Ah. I love to see a little boy In such a hurry to get to school!” "Yes, sir. Me little brother’s got de measles, an’ I’m hurrying up to get excused!” A Kansas Girl's Advice. A Lincoln county girl writes this ad vice to the Kansas City Star: "Why do young men do so much loafing? Go to work. Push ahead! I am but a young girl, but I clothe myself and have money in the bank. I lay up more money every year than any young man within three miles of my home. When they get a dollar they go to a dance and go home a dollar out. I advise all girls to cut clear of loafing boys. Stand by the boy who works, and never put your arm tbiough the handle of a jug.” Bees in Block of Stone. While workmen were sawing through a block of Bath stone at Exeter, Eng land, they cut into a cavity in which was found a cluster of two or three dozen live bees. The incident occurred at the works of Messrs. Coliard & Sons, monu mental sculptors. There was not much sign of life in the bees at first, but when air was admitted they gradually revived and after a few hours several of them were able to fly. Beware of Ointments for Catarrh that Contain Mercury, wunutau I'lvibUi j, as mercury will surely destroy the aeu»e of smei: end completely derange tbe whole system wtier entering 1* through the mucous surfaces. Butt articles should never be used except on preecrlp lions from reputable physicians, a* the damage thej will dole ten told to the good you can possibly de rive from them, flail's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney A Co., Toledo, O., contains no mar cury, and Is taken Internally, acting directly upos the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. U buying Hall's Catarrh Cure he sure you get the genuine. It la taken Internally and made In Toledu Ohio, ty F. J Cheney A Co. Testimonials tree. -old by Druggists. Price, ?Sc. per bottle. Take Hall's Family Pills for cons'Jpatloo. Rough on the Candidate. "There s a candidate outside, want in’ to see you," said the hired man. "Hang the candidate!” exclaimed the farmer. And the hired man went out mutter ing: "I hain’t lynched a man In a mighty long time, but ef he ain’t too much fer me 111 folier instructions!” —Atlanta Constitution. important to Mothers. • ■iiKvruini iu moil lor o. Examine carefully every bottle ol CASTORIA a safe and sure remedy for Infants and children, and see that It Bears the Signature of| In Use For Over :iO Years. The Kind You Have Always Bought The Reason. "Wouldn’t you be better off without your husband?” “I don’t thlDk so—his life isn’t in sured." With a smooth iron and Defiance Starch, you can launder your shirt waist just as well at home as tbe steam laundry can; it will have the proper stiffness and finish, there will be less wear and tear of tbe goods, and it will be a positive pleasure to use a Starch that does not stick to the Iron. Had Heard Later. "Shaw’s new play is said to be the last word on marriage.” “Impossible,” replied the married man. "It isn't even the latest word." Kill the Flies Now btfor, they multiply. A DAISY FI.Y KILLER kills thousands. Lasts the sea son. Ask your dealer, or send 20c to 11. Somers, 149 De Kalb Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Alike. Working for a living Is like Shake speare's plays—always praised, but avoided as much as possible. Garfield Digestive Tablets From your druggist, or the Garfield Tea Co., Brooklyn, N. Y., 25c per bot tle. Samples upon request. The true test of greatness is tne ability to wear the same size hat con tinuously.—Puck. SORE EYES, weak, inflamed, red, waterv ““.•wltaj eyes, use PETTIT'S EYE nAL\ L, 25c. All druggists or Howard Uroß., Buffalo, N. Y. Anybody can launch a national par ty, but to keep It afloat requires finesse.—Philadelphia Ledger. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. .. w m mMiining njrap. For children teething, eoftene the gums, warn to ll nmmailou, allays pain, cure* wind colic- a bottle. A well-informed physician is fre quently ill-informed. One of -the Essentials of the happy homes of to-day is a vast fund of information as to the beat methods of promoting health and happiness and right living and knowledge of the world’s best products. Products of actual excellence and reasonable claims truthfully presented and which have attained to world-wide acceptance through the approval of the Well-Informed of the World; not of indi viduals only, but of the many who have the happy faculty of selecting and obtain ing the best the world affords. Ono of the products of that class, of known component parts, an Ethical remedy, approved by physicians and com mended by the Wcll-Infonned of the World as a valuable and wholesome family laxative is the well-known Syrup of Figs and Elixir of Senna. To get its beneficial effects always buy the genuine, manu factured by the California Fig Syrup Co., °nly, and for sale by all leading druggists.