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ODD BOATS IN MANY LANDS
O any observing tourist who might journey around the globe the various typos of Kni ami river craft that he would see on such a trip are as dis tinctive ns are the costumes of many 71 of the countrios ho would travel through. Few Americans there art* who are not famil iar with our present styles of wator craft, such ns the common rowboat and sailing yachts, but there are many who. if told that these boats set down on some foreign stream would excite con siderable curiosity, would be greatly surprised. However, If they would stop to consider that these boats were evolved from the primitive crafts of our forefathers und that the various conditions in different lands would make these boats- impracticable, the surprise would be some what tempered. First, let us consider the gondola of Italy, re nowned in song and story. The gondola has probably- been drawn oftener than any other boat on record. Crank and black and dismal, with O' I -Jl OF CHIN# the bright steel beak on the lofty prow, tlita boat does not appeal so successfully to the nau tical mind as it would seem to do to the artistic and | octical one But on the miles of canals in the dtv of Venice this craft is peculiarly adaptable. The gondola was formerly the only means of petting about the city, but it Is now be ing displaced in part by small launches. The ordinary gondola is 30 feet long and four or five leet wide, and is flat-bottomed so that the draft • s light The bottom rist-s slightly above the wat« r at the cads, while at the bow and stern slender ornamental stem and stern pieces reach 10 about the height of a titan's breast. There is a covered shelter for passengers in the middle of the boat which is easily removable. In ac cordance with mediaeval regulation gondolas are painted black. The gondolier stands erect with his face toward the bow and propels the boat with a forward stroke, making his way through the narrow and often -crowded canals with amaz ing dexterity. Throughout the islands of the Pacific the ca noe is a common sight Strictly speaking the canoe is a light boat designed to be propelled by n paddle held in the hands without any fixed support, although in some cases canoes may be s->en that bave an auxiliary sail to be used under favorable conditions. The canoes most commonly seen in the waters of the Hawaiian islands are built from a single tree ttunk hollowed out with an outrigger as seen in the Illustration Wonderful sailors, too. are the natives who in them often undertake long sea \e>;>..es far out oft! « >:uht of land, and passing fro n one Island to another. The canoes of Sam *a are built of several tea get her and cemented w.,h gum to prevent their leaking. The eo.-i> > of the mainland of Siam, Burmah and China a.so swarm with canoes. While the cat an ..ran i> a type of water craft that may ( be s on in s -veral countries, each type as a its distinctive features. The cata- ODD SOUTH AMERICAN ANIMALS Ferocious Big Frags—Hjg* Rats and a Toothless Curiosity. Many cations animals haunt the marshy parts of South America north of the pampas. Frogs Mg and fero cious tthe ceratophyrs > given to mak ing vicious springs when closely ap proached; the capybara. a cavy "ooa enied with the bulk of a sheep;" the mge ooypu rat and the swarthy pig ke tapir are frequently seen. ▼ WORLD OVER r 75 • m mm or mm fnaran is a favorite of the Chinese fisherman and the larger streams of that oriental country are well populated with these boats. They are con st! ucted of two narrow canoes fastened together and propelled from the stern with a long, narrow oar. In its original form the catamaran consisted of three logs, the middle one being the longest, lashed together. It was used by the natives of the Coromandel coast, particularly Madras, and also in the West Indies and on the coast of South America. The Fiji islanders developed the catamaran idea in their war canoes, which consist of two parallel logs joined together with a platform on which a mast is placed. These boats are safe and also very swift. The flying proa of the Ladrone islanders is another type of the catamaran made with two hulls of unequal size. The larger hull, which car ries the rigging, is perfectly flat on one side and rounded on the other. On this are placed bam boo ]ioles projecting beyond the rounded side, and to their ends is fastened a boat-shaped log one-half or one-third the size of the larger hull. This prevents capsizing as effectually as the Fiji double canoe. Both ends of the proa are made alike, and the boat is sailed with either end first; but the out-rigger is always to windward. Against a head of wind the proa is kept away till the stern approaches the wind, when the yard WHY THE BOY WAS BAPTIZED At a little luncheon given on the day before his d< p.*rtr.re for Europe to Joseph Cowen. the Knglish Zionist, the subject of apostasy came up and one man, to illustrate its prevalence, related that only a few days ago the first child In the home of one of New York's wealthiest Jews had been baptized because "the parents hoped by that means to remove an obstacle in the way of the boy's piacross." This recalled to another man at the table a story told at Basle by the late Along the forest margins troops of J peccaries are often met with, occa si on ally the jaguar, sometimes the , puma, likewise that toothless curiosity the great ant bear, long in claw, long nosed and remarkably long longued. Very plentiful too are those "little knights in scaly armor.” the quaint, waddling armadilloes; long toed ja canas pace about upon the floating leaves. i A familiar object is the great jabi BY J. B. GAIRING the <sts?e/v<se . oe/hd/e M, \ THE ] I.xV.'.W.VTA J Ho/- VEM/CE I ■n. a stork with a preference for the lesolate lagoons, where it may often '•e observed statuesque on one leg and wrapped in prospect ion—Ex , change. Convenient Arrangement. Dorothy is five years old and longs j supremely to join the gay democracy trooping by every morning to the pub lic school on the next block, lnd- : dentally, she keeps the family in formed of school affairs after they have been refashioned in her infant mind. The other day she hurried he" is swung around, and what was the stern be | cotues the bow. Proas are from 40 to 63 feet long and six or seven feet wide, and are said to attain a speed of 20 miles an hour. The Junk is the distinctive type of Chinese) marine architecture, a somewhat unprogresslvo science among the celestials. Even before tha Christian era. John Chinaman voyaged from port to port in vessels of this build and rig. Tho sails are made of matting and are reefed in much the same way as a Venetian blind la raised. The junk Is built along the lines of an oriental slipper with the curved keel for tha sole and the drop aft for the heel. The com mon river boat or sampan is on the even mon familiar ntcdel of the inverted flat iron. Th| modern large junk is a good sea boat and wid ride a severe typhoon in safety. On the streams of India may he seen a type of rowboat which somewhat resembles our American craft. It Is. however, of clumsy con struction and the oars, which are lashed to i vgmm m&y. ODD 'SOUTH E# s wooden uprights fastened to the sides of the boat, overlap each other The natives, however, are expert in the handling of the craft. lu southeastern lnd.a. near the Strait Set tlements. an odd sailing craft may be found. This vessel is rigged with four sails, the larger one set slightly to the front of the center, while two ethers of still omar.tr design are set one at the prow and the other midway between the two. The smallest of tL~ sails is rigged at the stern and is intended to aid in steering the craft. On the rivers of England and Ireland may be seen several types of the wherry, which is very popular in these waters. Oars are used to aid the single sail in the smaller boats of this type but the Portsmouth wherry, used in the open sea. has a mainsail and rejoices in a topmast and a topsail. The Turkish caique is a familiar object in the Sea of Marmora and among the islands of the Aegean She is distinc shed by her peculiar mainsail, which is a comb.nation of a fore-and aft sail and a square sail. Paces of interesting r- ling might be written cf the many peculiar boa’s which may be found the world over. While he essential principle of boat-building must ne<- -sarlly be similar, vari ous nations and tribes bave developed the idea along different lines until • -day the various styles and types of water craft can be numbered by the hundreds. Dr. Theodor Herzl. At a dinner party, so went the story, given by Mr. S’.ocksen Bonds, a preco cious child asked the father; "Do all people turn ir.to Jews when they c r old?" “No. my boy." answered the father, who Lad renounced his faith and become a Christian t fore the little fellow was born; "no. my boy. why do you ask?” "Well, father, we children are a ; Christians, you and mother are Christians, bgrandfather, who just came from Russia, he's an awful Jew ” mother to the window to observe a very elegant and severe-looking lady passing by. That's the very headest lady at the school. " explained the would-be schol ar. importantly. "They send yon to her when you're naughty, an' she . opens the window an' sticks you half out. *n' 'en sb~ shuts it down on you while she spanks what hangs inside.” —Lippincott s Italy a little before Hannibal's tima. was able to send into the field nearly | L.(K*0.003 men. Washington Whisperings Interesting Bits of News Gathered at the National Capital. House Remembers Cannon’s Birthday WASHINGTON. —Speaker Cannon was 72 years old the other day. but being a presidential candidate, he was not aware of the fact until the anniversary was half over and then reminders came thick and fast, and brought tears of emotion from him. The first hint was contained in a tele gram from a constituent in Danville, HI-, who is the family Bible expert for that part of the country. "What day of the month is this. Bus bey?” he asked of his secretary. "Here is a fellow who has the nerve to say I have turned another mile stone.” A calendar was consulted, and ”l T ncle Joe” acknowledged that the boys back home had one on him. In a few minutes Mr. Busbey was called out to the corridor and notified that about the biggest floral piece ever seen in the capitol would arrive at four o'clock, and that there would be big doings in the speaker's room. "Uncle Joe" was kept in ignorance of the arrangements, and when, at the Tattooing Very Popular in the Navy AN INTERESTING report on tattoo ing in the navy has been made to Secretary Metcalf by Surgeon Ammon Farenholt as a result of his observa tions while serving on the receiving ship Independence at the Mare island navy yard In California. The enlistment records of 3.572 men were examined by Dr. Farneholt. this being the enlistments on the Independ ence for eight and a half years. These records show that the percentage found tattooed on examination for sec ond and subsequent enlistments was 53.61. and the percentage found tat tooed on examination for first en listment was 23.01. The opinion is ex pressed that about 60 per cent, of the sailors who have served over ten years in the navy are tattooed. Dr. Farenholt says it is not fair to assume from the figures that 23 per cent, of the male citizens are tattooed, as a considerable proportion of appli cants for enlistment are sea-faring men. He was surprised to find so many, probably eight per cent, of the recruits, who are tattooed and who de nied having been at sea or even hav ing lived in seaport towns. In Dr. Big Weekly Pay Roll of Wage Earners WHEN the bureau of the census took the census of manufactures in 1905 it also undertook the task of classifying the weekly earnings of the employes in all kinds of manufactur ing establishments. Questions as to the actual earnings of all employes were asked of each manufacturer in the country and the surprising num ber of 123.307 establishments replied. This number of establishments is C 2.9 per cent, of all enumerated in the census and they employ more than one-half of all the wage earners en caged in the factory industries in the country* In a bulletin just issued by the cen sus bureau, containing compilations of these statistics it is shown that of the 3.297.519 wage earners covered by the Investigation, 2.619,053 were men; SSS.- President Roosevelt a Good Churchgoer 'HE president is not only a good churchgoer himself, but deserves T the thanks of at least two Washington preachers for his aid in boosting the size of their congregations. With his predilection for having everything reformed it is no more than natural that his church also should bear the magic label. It is Grace Re formed. a rather small, gray stone building on Fifteenth street, not quite a mile from the White House. Grace Reformed is not a fashionable church. The congregation is unas ‘ suming in appearance and would be decidedly modest in size if it were not fer the president. He fills cer tainly two-thirds of the pews. So far as audiences go the preacher may have to look for lean years after March 4. 190*. While the president fills dozens of the pews by the mere fact of his ex . pected presence he occupies his own seat in solitary grandeur. Once in a while he goes with his wife and family to St. John's, but they don't seem inclined to reciprocate the at tention. St. John's rejoices in the local title of "the church of state.” ind always reserves a pew for the president of the United States, though t had not been in demand for a good aany years when Mrs. Roosevelt be- appointed lime, he was summoned from the floor of the house by the en tire Illinois delegation, he was genu inely surprised. Representatives Graff and Rainey, one a Republican and the other a Democrat, spoke felicitously and pre sented the floral piece, which was six feet high, of dogwood blossoms and American Beauty roses. As the speaker started to reply, a tear trick led as he said: "The sweetest flowers of all Bloom above the parting wall.” He then spoke of his long career In congress, thanked his 27 colleagues in dividually and collectively, and a few minutes later was called back to the floor of the house. A roll call was being taken on a motion to recess un til the following day. but when it was half over Champ Clark jumped to his feet and said: "It seems to me this is the speaker’s birthday.” This was the signal for general ap plause. and the speaker blushed, smiled and bowed like a schoclgirl as he waited for it to subside. Then he gave voice to his appreciation. "I move that in honor of the occa sion the roll call be suspended,” said Representative Macon of Arkansas. This motion was passed with a whoop and the Democratic filibuster was re laxed for a few minutes at least. Farenholt’s opinion, the custom is more common in camps and In places where men are collected in large num bers than is imagined. The report contains statistics re garding the location of tattoo marks and the frequency of various designs. Letters, mottoes, initials and allied de vices lead the list and constitute about 26 per cent, of all ink marks. Coats of arms and national emblems follow with about 25 per cent., then flags, anchors, etc. Female figures are shown in 18 per cent, of all tattooing. The usual types were found among them, such as "Holdfast” (a letter on the back of each finger); apprentice knot; pig on dorsum of foot, which, among the older men, was supposed to shield Its possessor from death by drowning: crucifix, which In case of death would insure burial in a Chris tian country, and "Jerusalem cross,” which would answer the same purpose on Moslem shores. Of the latter Dr. Farenholt found 14. all in re-enlisted men. One man was adorned with a sock covering each foot and extending above the ankle: another with a fox hunting scene. In one case the entire back was covered by a large Masonic column and globe. "Little Egypt" fig ured in two cases and a copy of a beer trademark In one. Designs showing the Goddess of Liberty, ships, eagles, pigs and apprentice knots were found to be more popular on re-enlistment than among those who came directly from civ|l life. i 599 were women and 90.167. or 2.7 per ! cent., were children. The pay rolls of I the 123,307 establishments for one week aggregated $33,185,791. and of j this amount the men received $29,240,- j 287. or SS.I |>er cent, of the whole: ; the women received $3.633.451 or 11 ! ;»er cent, and the children $312,023, or 1 per cent. 1 More than half of all the wage earn ers included in the bulletin earned $9 and over during the week. The earn . iags are classified for totals of states and of industries, while 23 industries i are shewn In detail by states and 'ter ritories and 25 states by leading in j dustries. Average earnings are also computed for all the states and indus : tries shown. The figures show that In 1904 the average wage earner employed in man ufacturing received $10.06 per week. I The average man received $11.16, the average woman $6.17 and the average child under 16 years of age $3.46. la the figures showing the average wages by states Illinois is fifteenth with $11.65. The highest is Montana with $18.19 ar.d the lowest is South Carolina with $1.68. j came lady of the White House, i Whether he goes to his own church . or not. no one but Theodore Roosevelt. unless it is some fiend or guest ac | companying him. which rarely hap j ;>ens. is ever seated in the president’s 1 pew at Grace Reformed. Two secret ‘ service men always accompany him. 1 but do not sit with hint Their Universities. Oxford, having lost the boat race, recovers the premiership, which it is permissible to regard as an equal or even a greater distinction. The list of Oxford prime ministers, to which the name of Mr. Asquith is now added, already includes the names of Pelham. Chatham. North. Shelburne. Addington. Grenville, the duke of Portland, the earl of Liverpool, Can ning. Peel, the earl of Derby, Glad stone. Rosebery and the marquis of Salisbury. The Cambridge list is a ! little shorter, and perhaps a little less distinguished. Among the names which figure on it we find those of Sir Robert Walpole, the duke of Newcas • tie. Rockingham. Pitt. Spencer, Per ! oeval. Earl Grey. Melbourne. Painter ; stone, the earl of Aberdeen. Mr. Ua|. four and Sir Henry Campbell Banner man. Edinburgh is represented by Lord John Russell, and the other uni versities are not represented at nil. The two nonuniversity premiers are not the least illustrious. They are Benjamin Disraeli and the duko of Wellington.—Westminster (Eng.) Ga zette. There is a woman s prison In Ron mania that has only women officials. HEALTH VERY POOR RESTORED BY PE-RU-NA. Catarrh Twenty-five Years— Had a Bad Cough. Miss Sophia Kittlesen, Evanston, Illinois, U. S. A., writes: •-I have been troubled with catarrh for nearly twenty-live years and have tried many cures for it, but obtained very little help. “Then m.v brother advised me to try Peruna. and I did. “My health was very poor at the time I began taking Peruna. My throat was very sore and I had a bad cough. * •Peruna has cured me. The chronic catarrh is gone and my health Is very much Improved. “1 recommend Peruna to all my friends who are troubled as I was.” PERUNA TABLETS: Some people pre fer tablets, rather than medicine in a fluid form. Such people can obtain Peru na tablets, which represent the medici nal ingredients of Peruna. Each tablet equals one average dose of Peruna. Man-a-lin the Ideal Laxative. Manufactured by Peruna Drug Manu facturing Company, Columbus, Ohio. ITS a Fit*. Falling Sicknaas or kiliirta Uo ao.au ■oovary ead Traetateat l*m Immadlata r»IU». and aikrd tc do la to Min it tor U«J uf Dr. Ala/ a TICIDE CURE «t and r*ru*» Art ofOrarma imblatv a.rert noa. alao t»-»- tFS. etc.. tRF.K by mail. G*v» AGE and (all addrw , M 3 Narl Strait, b. Tart. WRITER OF REAL TALENT. Evidently the Bushby Clarion Had a Genius on Its Staff. The editor of the Bushby Clar'on leaned back in his chair and surveyed his visitor with a solemn and unwink ing gaze. “You want to know if there's any good reporter in this town?” he said, impressively. “Well, there Is. There's Gid Hobart.” "What sort of work can he do?” asked the visitor. "His capabilities haven't had their full chance vet.” said the editor, slow ly, "but he's getting on. and I'm afraid we shall lose him before long. Why, last week that fellow’ wrote a two column account of a fire that wa.* thrilling. I tell you I" "Farmhouse, old mother, grand father born there, and so forth, I sup pose?” said the visitor. "No. sir!" said the editor. “It was a deserted hen-house, that's what it was. I can tell you, that takes talent I We can't expect to keep Gid with us always."—Youth's Companion. Feeding the Stock. The victim of the following story, told in Mrs. Henry W. Cole's "A I-ady's Tour Around Monte Rosa.” was possessed of a keen sense of humor. Otherwise his dignity might have boon ruffled by the unconscious revelation which came to his ears. "In the course of Mrs. Cole's trav els she met Rev. Robert Montgomery, the poet, who told her an incident of his early career In the pulpit. When he was first admitted to holy orders he was appointed cu-ate in a rural Scotch district, and lodged in the house of a small tenant farmer. "Notwithstanding his office of clergyman, the family did not appear to held their l»carder In high venera tion. for one day he heard the woman servant call out to her mistress: " 'Missis, shall I feed the pigs first, or gie the mou his dinner?’"—Youth’s Companion. DR. TALKS OF FOOD Pres, of Beard of Health. "What shall I eat?” is the daily In qniry the physician is met with. Ido not hesitate to say that in my judg ment a large percentage of disease is caused by poorly selected and Improp erly prepared food. My personal expe rience with the fully-cooked food, known ns Grape-Nuts, enables me to speak freely of its merits. "From overwork, I suffered several years with malnutrition, palpitation of the heart and loss of sleep. Last sum mer l was led to experiment person ally with the new fvx>d. which I used in conjunction with good rich cow's milk. In a short time after I com menced Its use, the disagreeable symp toms disappeared, my heart's action became steady and normal, the func tions of the stomach were properly carried out and 1 again slept as sound ly and as well ns in my youth. "I look upon Grape-Nuts as a per foot food, and no one can gainsay but that it lias a most prominent place in a rational, scientific system of feed ing Any one who uses this food will soon be convinced of the soundness of the principle upon which it is manu factured and may thereby know the fncts ns to Its true worth." Read "The Rond to WeliviUe," in pkgs. "There's a Henson." Ever read tha abeve letter? A new one appear* from time to time. They are genuine, true, and full of human interest.