ODD BOATS IN MANY LANDS
O any observing tourist who might
journey around the globe the various
typos of Kni ami river craft that he
would see on such a trip are as dis
tinctive ns are the costumes of many
of the countrios ho would travel through.
Few Americans there art* who are not famil
iar with our present styles of wator craft, such
ns the common rowboat and sailing yachts, but
there are many who. if told that these boats set
down on some foreign stream would excite con
siderable curiosity, would be greatly surprised.
However, If they would stop to consider that
these boats were evolved from the primitive
crafts of our forefathers und that the various
conditions in different lands would make these
boats- impracticable, the surprise would be some
First, let us consider the gondola of Italy, re
nowned in song and story. The gondola has
probably- been drawn oftener than any other
boat on record. Crank and black and dismal, with
the bright steel beak on the lofty prow, tlita
boat does not appeal so successfully to the nau
tical mind as it would seem to do to the artistic
and | octical one But on the miles of canals
in the dtv of Venice this craft is peculiarly
adaptable. The gondola was formerly the only
means of petting about the city, but it Is now be
ing displaced in part by small launches. The
ordinary gondola is 30 feet long and four or five
leet wide, and is flat-bottomed so that the draft
• s light The bottom rist-s slightly above the
wat« r at the cads, while at the bow and stern
slender ornamental stem and stern pieces reach
10 about the height of a titan's breast. There is
a covered shelter for passengers in the middle
of the boat which is easily removable. In ac
cordance with mediaeval regulation gondolas are
painted black. The gondolier stands erect with
his face toward the bow and propels the boat
with a forward stroke, making his way through
the narrow and often -crowded canals with amaz
Throughout the islands of the Pacific the ca
noe is a common sight Strictly speaking the
canoe is a light boat designed to be propelled by
n paddle held in the hands without any fixed
support, although in some cases canoes may be
s->en that bave an auxiliary sail to be used under
The canoes most commonly seen in the waters
of the Hawaiian islands are built from a single
tree ttunk hollowed out with an outrigger as seen
in the Illustration Wonderful sailors, too. are the
natives who in them often undertake long sea
\e>;>..es far out oft! « >:uht of land, and passing
fro n one Island to another.
The canoes of Sam *a are built of several
get her and cemented w.,h gum to prevent their
leaking. The eo.-i> > of the mainland of Siam,
Burmah and China a.so swarm with canoes.
While the cat an ..ran i> a type of water craft
that may ( be s on in s -veral countries, each type
as a its distinctive features. The cata-
ODD SOUTH AMERICAN ANIMALS
Ferocious Big Frags—Hjg* Rats and
a Toothless Curiosity.
Many cations animals haunt the
marshy parts of South America north
of the pampas. Frogs Mg and fero
cious tthe ceratophyrs > given to mak
ing vicious springs when closely ap
proached; the capybara. a cavy "ooa
enied with the bulk of a sheep;" the
mge ooypu rat and the swarthy pig
ke tapir are frequently seen.
▼ WORLD OVER
r 75 • m
mm or mm
fnaran is a favorite of the Chinese fisherman and
the larger streams of that oriental country are
well populated with these boats. They are con
st! ucted of two narrow canoes fastened together
and propelled from the stern with a long, narrow
oar. In its original form the catamaran consisted of
three logs, the middle one being the longest,
lashed together. It was used by the natives of
the Coromandel coast, particularly Madras, and
also in the West Indies and on the coast of
The Fiji islanders developed the catamaran
idea in their war canoes, which consist of two
parallel logs joined together with a platform on
which a mast is placed. These boats are safe
and also very swift.
The flying proa of the Ladrone islanders is
another type of the catamaran made with two
hulls of unequal size. The larger hull, which car
ries the rigging, is perfectly flat on one side and
rounded on the other. On this are placed bam
boo ]ioles projecting beyond the rounded side,
and to their ends is fastened a boat-shaped log
one-half or one-third the size of the larger hull.
This prevents capsizing as effectually as the Fiji
double canoe. Both ends of the proa are made
alike, and the boat is sailed with either end first;
but the out-rigger is always to windward.
Against a head of wind the proa is kept away till
the stern approaches the wind, when the yard
WHY THE BOY WAS BAPTIZED
At a little luncheon given on the day before
his d< p.*rtr.re for Europe to Joseph Cowen. the
Knglish Zionist, the subject of apostasy came up
and one man, to illustrate its prevalence, related
that only a few days ago the first child In the
home of one of New York's wealthiest Jews had
been baptized because "the parents hoped by that
means to remove an obstacle in the way of the
boy's piacross." This recalled to another man
at the table a story told at Basle by the late
Along the forest margins troops of
J peccaries are often met with, occa
si on ally the jaguar, sometimes the
, puma, likewise that toothless curiosity
the great ant bear, long in claw, long
nosed and remarkably long longued.
Very plentiful too are those "little
knights in scaly armor.” the quaint,
waddling armadilloes; long toed ja
canas pace about upon the floating
i A familiar object is the great jabi
BY J. B. GAIRING
. oe/hd/e M,
\ THE ]
Ho/- VEM/CE I
■n. a stork with a preference for the
lesolate lagoons, where it may often
'•e observed statuesque on one leg
and wrapped in prospect ion—Ex
Dorothy is five years old and longs j
supremely to join the gay democracy
trooping by every morning to the pub
lic school on the next block, lnd- :
dentally, she keeps the family in
formed of school affairs after they
have been refashioned in her infant
mind. The other day she hurried he"
is swung around, and what was the stern be |
cotues the bow. Proas are from 40 to 63 feet
long and six or seven feet wide, and are said
to attain a speed of 20 miles an hour.
The Junk is the distinctive type of Chinese)
marine architecture, a somewhat unprogresslvo
science among the celestials. Even before tha
Christian era. John Chinaman voyaged from
port to port in vessels of this build and rig. Tho
sails are made of matting and are reefed in
much the same way as a Venetian blind la
raised. The junk Is built along the lines of an
oriental slipper with the curved keel for tha
sole and the drop aft for the heel. The com
mon river boat or sampan is on the even mon
familiar ntcdel of the inverted flat iron. Th|
modern large junk is a good sea boat and wid
ride a severe typhoon in safety.
On the streams of India may he seen a type
of rowboat which somewhat resembles our
American craft. It Is. however, of clumsy con
struction and the oars, which are lashed to
i vgmm m&y.
'SOUTH E# s
wooden uprights fastened to the sides of the
boat, overlap each other The natives, however,
are expert in the handling of the craft.
lu southeastern lnd.a. near the Strait Set
tlements. an odd sailing craft may be found.
This vessel is rigged with four sails, the larger
one set slightly to the front of the center, while
two ethers of still omar.tr design are set one
at the prow and the other midway between the
two. The smallest of tL~ sails is rigged at the
stern and is intended to aid in steering the craft.
On the rivers of England and Ireland may be
seen several types of the wherry, which is very
popular in these waters. Oars are used to aid the
single sail in the smaller boats of this type but the
Portsmouth wherry, used in the open sea. has a
mainsail and rejoices in a topmast and a topsail.
The Turkish caique is a familiar object in the
Sea of Marmora and among the islands of the
Aegean She is distinc shed by her peculiar
mainsail, which is a comb.nation of a fore-and
aft sail and a square sail.
Paces of interesting r- ling might be written
cf the many peculiar boa’s which may be found
the world over. While he essential principle
of boat-building must ne<- -sarlly be similar, vari
ous nations and tribes bave developed the idea
along different lines until • -day the various styles
and types of water craft can be numbered by the
Dr. Theodor Herzl. At a dinner party, so went
the story, given by Mr. S’.ocksen Bonds, a preco
cious child asked the father; "Do all people turn
ir.to Jews when they c r old?" “No. my boy."
answered the father, who Lad renounced his faith
and become a Christian t fore the little fellow
was born; "no. my boy. why do you ask?” "Well,
father, we children are a ; Christians, you and
mother are Christians, bgrandfather, who just
came from Russia, he's an awful Jew ”
mother to the window to observe a
very elegant and severe-looking lady
That's the very headest lady at the
school. " explained the would-be schol
ar. importantly. "They send yon to
her when you're naughty, an' she
. opens the window an' sticks you half
out. *n' 'en sb~ shuts it down on you
while she spanks what hangs inside.”
Italy a little before Hannibal's tima.
was able to send into the field nearly
| L.(K*0.003 men.
Interesting Bits of News Gathered
at the National Capital.
House Remembers Cannon’s Birthday
WASHINGTON. —Speaker Cannon
was 72 years old the other day.
but being a presidential candidate, he
was not aware of the fact until the
anniversary was half over and then
reminders came thick and fast, and
brought tears of emotion from him.
The first hint was contained in a tele
gram from a constituent in Danville,
HI-, who is the family Bible expert for
that part of the country.
"What day of the month is this. Bus
bey?” he asked of his secretary.
"Here is a fellow who has the nerve
to say I have turned another mile
A calendar was consulted, and
”l T ncle Joe” acknowledged that the
boys back home had one on him. In
a few minutes Mr. Busbey was called
out to the corridor and notified that
about the biggest floral piece ever
seen in the capitol would arrive at
four o'clock, and that there would be
big doings in the speaker's room.
"Uncle Joe" was kept in ignorance
of the arrangements, and when, at the
Tattooing Very Popular in the Navy
AN INTERESTING report on tattoo
ing in the navy has been made to
Secretary Metcalf by Surgeon Ammon
Farenholt as a result of his observa
tions while serving on the receiving
ship Independence at the Mare island
navy yard In California.
The enlistment records of 3.572 men
were examined by Dr. Farneholt. this
being the enlistments on the Independ
ence for eight and a half years. These
records show that the percentage
found tattooed on examination for sec
ond and subsequent enlistments was
53.61. and the percentage found tat
tooed on examination for first en
listment was 23.01. The opinion is ex
pressed that about 60 per cent, of the
sailors who have served over ten years
in the navy are tattooed.
Dr. Farenholt says it is not fair to
assume from the figures that 23 per
cent, of the male citizens are tattooed,
as a considerable proportion of appli
cants for enlistment are sea-faring
men. He was surprised to find so
many, probably eight per cent, of the
recruits, who are tattooed and who de
nied having been at sea or even hav
ing lived in seaport towns. In Dr.
Big Weekly Pay Roll of Wage Earners
WHEN the bureau of the census
took the census of manufactures
in 1905 it also undertook the task of
classifying the weekly earnings of the
employes in all kinds of manufactur
ing establishments. Questions as to
the actual earnings of all employes
were asked of each manufacturer in
the country and the surprising num
ber of 123.307 establishments replied.
This number of establishments is C 2.9
per cent, of all enumerated in the
census and they employ more than
one-half of all the wage earners en
caged in the factory industries in the
In a bulletin just issued by the cen
sus bureau, containing compilations of
these statistics it is shown that of the
3.297.519 wage earners covered by the
Investigation, 2.619,053 were men; SSS.-
President Roosevelt a Good Churchgoer
'HE president is not only a good
churchgoer himself, but deserves
the thanks of at least two Washington
preachers for his aid in boosting the
size of their congregations.
With his predilection for having
everything reformed it is no more than
natural that his church also should
bear the magic label. It is Grace Re
formed. a rather small, gray stone
building on Fifteenth street, not quite
a mile from the White House.
Grace Reformed is not a fashionable
church. The congregation is unas
‘ suming in appearance and would be
decidedly modest in size if it were
not fer the president. He fills cer
tainly two-thirds of the pews. So far
as audiences go the preacher may
have to look for lean years after
March 4. 190*.
While the president fills dozens of
the pews by the mere fact of his ex
. pected presence he occupies his own
seat in solitary grandeur. Once in
a while he goes with his wife and
family to St. John's, but they don't
seem inclined to reciprocate the at
tention. St. John's rejoices in the
local title of "the church of state.”
ind always reserves a pew for the
president of the United States, though
t had not been in demand for a good
aany years when Mrs. Roosevelt be-
appointed lime, he was summoned
from the floor of the house by the en
tire Illinois delegation, he was genu
Representatives Graff and Rainey,
one a Republican and the other a
Democrat, spoke felicitously and pre
sented the floral piece, which was six
feet high, of dogwood blossoms and
American Beauty roses. As the
speaker started to reply, a tear trick
led as he said:
"The sweetest flowers of all
Bloom above the parting wall.”
He then spoke of his long career In
congress, thanked his 27 colleagues in
dividually and collectively, and a few
minutes later was called back to the
floor of the house. A roll call was
being taken on a motion to recess un
til the following day. but when it was
half over Champ Clark jumped to his
feet and said:
"It seems to me this is the speaker’s
This was the signal for general ap
plause. and the speaker blushed,
smiled and bowed like a schoclgirl as
he waited for it to subside. Then he
gave voice to his appreciation.
"I move that in honor of the occa
sion the roll call be suspended,” said
Representative Macon of Arkansas.
This motion was passed with a whoop
and the Democratic filibuster was re
laxed for a few minutes at least.
Farenholt’s opinion, the custom is
more common in camps and In places
where men are collected in large num
bers than is imagined.
The report contains statistics re
garding the location of tattoo marks
and the frequency of various designs.
Letters, mottoes, initials and allied de
vices lead the list and constitute about
26 per cent, of all ink marks. Coats of
arms and national emblems follow
with about 25 per cent., then flags,
anchors, etc. Female figures are
shown in 18 per cent, of all tattooing.
The usual types were found among
them, such as "Holdfast” (a letter on
the back of each finger); apprentice
knot; pig on dorsum of foot, which,
among the older men, was supposed to
shield Its possessor from death by
drowning: crucifix, which In case of
death would insure burial in a Chris
tian country, and "Jerusalem cross,”
which would answer the same purpose
on Moslem shores. Of the latter Dr.
Farenholt found 14. all in re-enlisted
men. One man was adorned with a
sock covering each foot and extending
above the ankle: another with a fox
hunting scene. In one case the entire
back was covered by a large Masonic
column and globe. "Little Egypt" fig
ured in two cases and a copy of a beer
trademark In one. Designs showing
the Goddess of Liberty, ships, eagles,
pigs and apprentice knots were found
to be more popular on re-enlistment
than among those who came directly
from civ|l life.
i 599 were women and 90.167. or 2.7 per
! cent., were children. The pay rolls of
I the 123,307 establishments for one
week aggregated $33,185,791. and of
j this amount the men received $29,240,-
j 287. or SS.I |>er cent, of the whole:
; the women received $3.633.451 or 11
! ;»er cent, and the children $312,023, or
1 per cent.
1 More than half of all the wage earn
ers included in the bulletin earned $9
and over during the week. The earn
. iags are classified for totals of states
and of industries, while 23 industries
i are shewn In detail by states and 'ter
ritories and 25 states by leading in
j dustries. Average earnings are also
computed for all the states and indus
: tries shown.
The figures show that In 1904 the
average wage earner employed in man
ufacturing received $10.06 per week.
I The average man received $11.16, the
average woman $6.17 and the average
child under 16 years of age $3.46.
la the figures showing the average
wages by states Illinois is fifteenth
with $11.65. The highest is Montana
with $18.19 ar.d the lowest is South
Carolina with $1.68.
j came lady of the White House,
i Whether he goes to his own church
. or not. no one but Theodore Roosevelt.
unless it is some fiend or guest ac
| companying him. which rarely hap
j ;>ens. is ever seated in the president’s
1 pew at Grace Reformed. Two secret
‘ service men always accompany him.
1 but do not sit with hint
Oxford, having lost the boat race,
recovers the premiership, which it is
permissible to regard as an equal or
even a greater distinction. The list
of Oxford prime ministers, to which
the name of Mr. Asquith is now
added, already includes the names of
Pelham. Chatham. North. Shelburne.
Addington. Grenville, the duke of
Portland, the earl of Liverpool, Can
ning. Peel, the earl of Derby, Glad
stone. Rosebery and the marquis of
Salisbury. The Cambridge list is a
! little shorter, and perhaps a little less
distinguished. Among the names
which figure on it we find those of Sir
Robert Walpole, the duke of Newcas
• tie. Rockingham. Pitt. Spencer, Per
! oeval. Earl Grey. Melbourne. Painter
; stone, the earl of Aberdeen. Mr. Ua|.
four and Sir Henry Campbell Banner
man. Edinburgh is represented by
Lord John Russell, and the other uni
versities are not represented at nil.
The two nonuniversity premiers are
not the least illustrious. They are
Benjamin Disraeli and the duko of
Wellington.—Westminster (Eng.) Ga
There is a woman s prison In Ron
mania that has only women officials.
HEALTH VERY POOR
RESTORED BY PE-RU-NA.
Catarrh Twenty-five Years—
Had a Bad Cough.
Miss Sophia Kittlesen, Evanston,
Illinois, U. S. A., writes:
•-I have been troubled with catarrh
for nearly twenty-live years and have
tried many cures for it, but obtained
very little help.
“Then m.v brother advised me to try
Peruna. and I did.
“My health was very poor at the time
I began taking Peruna. My throat was
very sore and I had a bad cough.
* •Peruna has cured me. The chronic
catarrh is gone and my health Is very
“1 recommend Peruna to all my
friends who are troubled as I was.”
PERUNA TABLETS: Some people pre
fer tablets, rather than medicine in a
fluid form. Such people can obtain Peru
na tablets, which represent the medici
nal ingredients of Peruna. Each tablet
equals one average dose of Peruna.
Man-a-lin the Ideal Laxative.
Manufactured by Peruna Drug Manu
facturing Company, Columbus, Ohio.
a Fit*. Falling Sicknaas or
kiliirta Uo ao.au
■oovary ead Traetateat
l*m Immadlata r»IU». and
aikrd tc do la to Min it tor
U«J uf Dr. Ala/ a
«t and r*ru*» Art ofOrarma
imblatv a.rert noa. alao t»-»-
tFS. etc.. tRF.K by mail.
G*v» AGE and (all addrw
, M 3 Narl Strait, b. Tart.
WRITER OF REAL TALENT.
Evidently the Bushby Clarion Had a
Genius on Its Staff.
The editor of the Bushby Clar'on
leaned back in his chair and surveyed
his visitor with a solemn and unwink
ing gaze. “You want to know if there's
any good reporter in this town?” he
said, impressively. “Well, there Is.
There's Gid Hobart.”
"What sort of work can he do?”
asked the visitor.
"His capabilities haven't had their
full chance vet.” said the editor, slow
ly, "but he's getting on. and I'm afraid
we shall lose him before long. Why,
last week that fellow’ wrote a two
column account of a fire that wa.*
thrilling. I tell you I"
"Farmhouse, old mother, grand
father born there, and so forth, I sup
pose?” said the visitor.
"No. sir!" said the editor. “It was
a deserted hen-house, that's what it
was. I can tell you, that takes talent I
We can't expect to keep Gid with us
Feeding the Stock.
The victim of the following story,
told in Mrs. Henry W. Cole's "A
I-ady's Tour Around Monte Rosa.”
was possessed of a keen sense of
humor. Otherwise his dignity might
have boon ruffled by the unconscious
revelation which came to his ears.
"In the course of Mrs. Cole's trav
els she met Rev. Robert Montgomery,
the poet, who told her an incident of
his early career In the pulpit. When
he was first admitted to holy orders
he was appointed cu-ate in a rural
Scotch district, and lodged in the
house of a small tenant farmer.
"Notwithstanding his office of
clergyman, the family did not appear
to held their l»carder In high venera
tion. for one day he heard the woman
servant call out to her mistress:
" 'Missis, shall I feed the pigs first,
or gie the mou his dinner?’"—Youth’s
DR. TALKS OF FOOD
Pres, of Beard of Health.
"What shall I eat?” is the daily In
qniry the physician is met with. Ido
not hesitate to say that in my judg
ment a large percentage of disease is
caused by poorly selected and Improp
erly prepared food. My personal expe
rience with the fully-cooked food,
known ns Grape-Nuts, enables me to
speak freely of its merits.
"From overwork, I suffered several
years with malnutrition, palpitation of
the heart and loss of sleep. Last sum
mer l was led to experiment person
ally with the new fvx>d. which I used
in conjunction with good rich cow's
milk. In a short time after I com
menced Its use, the disagreeable symp
toms disappeared, my heart's action
became steady and normal, the func
tions of the stomach were properly
carried out and 1 again slept as sound
ly and as well ns in my youth.
"I look upon Grape-Nuts as a per
foot food, and no one can gainsay but
that it lias a most prominent place in
a rational, scientific system of feed
ing Any one who uses this food will
soon be convinced of the soundness of
the principle upon which it is manu
factured and may thereby know the
fncts ns to Its true worth." Read "The
Rond to WeliviUe," in pkgs. "There's
Ever read tha abeve letter? A new
one appear* from time to time. They
are genuine, true, and full of human
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