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BEWARE! END OF THE WORLD
ONLY 12,000,000 YEARS AWAY! Then the Sun Wilt Shrink, Lose Its Heat and Inhabitants of the Earth Will Freeze and Star-Ve to "Death. .EASONINO from the | rinol- I ’ pies of the pretty gener- I ally accepted nebular hy- I pothesls the end of the I ‘ world is to be reached very I R' Kradually through the* increasing reign I of cold and the lengthening of the I t arlh's day. For It is evident that the I sun cannot keep on radiating heat at I 8\7 .000.000 ) # YEARS Ms* 0 00.000 v f VCAPi / fl TH AT WILL,/ I BE HEItT /> I w&e.k s lf\. |Ht>w Ntre ] 1 JOYiryaM mm i IVc HH tlie present rate. or. indeed, at any ra‘e. forever. As Lord Kelvin has well said, ire know that the sun la cooling off JUH w certainly as we should know that a hot stone which wo encountered la a field was cooling <»:T, though wo had not seen It long enough to measure the rate of ita moling. Hegt Is not a permanent quality of aay known object. The sun must l»e kmlng its beat, and hence In time will become u cold hltd lifeless object. If tiling continue to go on as they now do, astronomers tell us. the sun will lose its life-giving heat long before 12,000.000 years have elapsed. Like all * ther cooling bodies, the sun must be diminishing In size. It* diameter must l»<* contracting. Newcomb estimates fhat In less than 5,000.000 years the sun's diameter will contract to one half Its preqent length, so that the sun will occupy only <ihe-«lghth of the spnee It now occupies. It is hardly possible for It utter that to coutlmu* to furnish as much heat ns it does now. but It must then cool off with groat rapidity. This reasoning Is bn.ed on the supposition that its mass is still in a gaseous state. Hut the force of gravity upon the sun is so great that the gas Is < (impressed into a much smaller proportionate com pass than it is on the earth. The force of gravity on the surface of the sun is 27 times that on the earth, so that a man weighing 150 pounds on the earth Weiild weigh nearly two tons on the sun. So great is this pressure of gravity on the gases of the sun that are they reduced to one-quarter the ciousiiy of the solid nucleus of the earth. Hut so long ns the nucleus of the sun continues to be gaseous It will continue to grow hotter as it dimin ishes in size. So soon, however, as It loses suf ficient heat to allow the material to take on the solid'form, a crust will be formed and the radiat ing heat will rapidly diminish. Probably, also, the heat radiated will diminish long before that time, eveu though the sun is growing hotter, be cause of the diminishing size of the globe. The only way that the astronomers can see to avoid this slow’ paralysis of the sun. and so of the whole solar system. Is that lately proposed by Prof. Langbw ia a sensational article depicting what would happen if a dark world moving at an incred ible speed in space should come so near our sun that the two would collide. In this, case the origi nal heat of the sun might be restored, but the ca tastrophe would practically produce such an ex pansion of its volume and such an increase of Its radiatlßg power that everything on the earth would be burped up. producing about such phenomena as arc described by fhe Apostle Pqter. Indeed, the re semblance between the words of the apostle and the theory of the Washington astronomer was as striking as it was unexpected, so much so that some reu.ders may not know from which source the fol lowing quotation is taken: Our Older Civilization. You always have to travel to the •ast for monuments of a time older than your own. New Yorkers go to Europe, Europeans go tp China and Japan. But It is not often that New Yottcera think of themselves as typify ing aonethfog of this kind to others, says the New York Press. Yet In a recent issue of a Chicago paper the editor of questions answered column suggests to one of his readers that she go to the Catskills or White mountains By G, FREDERICK WRIGHT, A. M., LL. D. High Drotved Scientists Have It 'A.II I Worked Out —“Things Are in a Had Way “ I Warns Adherent of fiebular Hypothesis I World's Center Giving Forth Warmth I May Save \Ar for a Time. Hut X/itimate I Destruction Is Inevitable. Wise Ones Say. B "The heavens shall pnss away with a great noise, and the elements shall be dissolved with fervent heat, and the earth and the works therein shall be burned up.” Hut the suggestion of the astronomer was pure speculation. There are no apparent signs of any such approaching catastrophe as Dr. Langley sug gests as possible. At any rate, we mny settle dowu lo the conclusion that so far as astronomical forces are concerned the present order of things will not be disturbed for three or four million years. Hut an equally gloomy prospect Is before the world in the distant future from another cause which is in slow operation. The length of the earth’s day is slowly Increasing through the re tarding Influence of the tides produced by the moon. To be sure, this effect is so slight that it has not been directly perceptible since accurate methods of measuring the time of the earth's revolution on Its axis have been observed. Hut that it must be taking place is as sure as that friction will stop a railroad train when the steam is turned off. The tides raised by the moon's attraction are distributed by the continents so ns to present many anomalies, but when considered in them selves thej" act the same as a wave three feet high constantly running In an opposite direction to the revolution of the earth, and so by friction re tarding its motion. Astronomers are agreed that similar tides produced on the moon have reduced her revolution on her axis to a period of 28 days. Eventually the revolution of the earth will be reduced so that our day will be several times long er than now. When that time comes the nights will be so cold that nothing can stand ft. and if they could the days will be so hot that what was left by the cold would be destroyed by the heat. Hut that time, also, is so far in the future that the presont generation may put it out of their minds. This cat ast i-ophe will not arrive for many million years yet. Indeed, before that time arrives the for a walking tour rather than to Colo rado, the one given reason for the eastern trip being that the inquirer “will meet an older civilization.” Jumped at Him. Mas Knox — Yes, that’s Mr. Dubley. He's Miss Passay's second fiance. Miss Wise—Nonsense! He’s the first one she ever had. Miss Knox —You misunderstand me. I mean she accepted him In a second. perpetual sunshine prevails. It, therefore, will not he impossible that the desert of Sahara and the sandy wastes of Central Asia shall In the future usurp the place now assumed by tlie localities in proximity to the great coal fields of the world, while the latter become overgrown with briars and brambles like the mounds of many an ancient center of civilization. Still another possible source from which we may draw infinite quantities of heat and power is to be found In the heated center of the earth. As we descend below the surface of the earth, the temperature rises on an average of one degree in 60 feet. At a depth of two miles, therefore, the temperature of boiling water would be reached, and at a depth of five miles a temperature of more than 400 degrees. It would, therefore, not seem by any means impossible to bore into the earth deep enough to make a portion of Its heat available for all ordinary purposes. The world, however, is concerned with impend ing catastrophes nearer at hand. The prosperity of the present time is largely due to the rapid ity with which we are using up the reserved stores of nature upon or near the surface of the earth. Thus geology, while it opens up to mankind the stores of good that are buried for safekeeping in the depths of the earth, points to their limited quan tity. and calls upon men to use them economically and leave as much as possible for future genera tions. Wastefulness of these limited stores is n sin. At the same time it gives the philosophical student of history a sobering view of the destiny of man. Nothing is more certain than that man has not been always on the earth, and that he is not always to stay here. The world 1b like a transcontinental railroad train and the human race l!ke a passenger who gets on at one end and has to get off at the other. Out of mystery man came and into mystery he goes. The visible world is a passing show. All that is unchangeable lies in the world of the unseen. (Copyright. 1908, by Joseph B. Bowles.) THE LA TEST WORD. In artistic circles at the present time, in fact, among all people of New York who go in for esthetics of all forms, there's one word that has the call in all conversations and mono-, logues. The word is "absolutely.” Where one used to hear a painting, a piece of sculpture or a stained-glass window described as a very “swell" thing nowadays the comment will be worded, “It's absolutely all right." And ecstatic young ladies and gentlemen sun will have become so far cooled off that we shall be indifferent to everything else that happens. Another limit to the future of the habitable portion of the earth is brought to light by the rapid prog ress of erosion that is going on all over the land surface of the world. Wallace estimates that one foot of - t —■ cJ|il.’Aj Five X MILES \ OELOW I AWP / FOUR [ DfdgfES . ABOVE \ it FeeLi M At IF ft /M 16HT OB THe // , i Place ... \ wovv/.'.y | the earth's surface Is, on the average, washed away by the streams every 3,000 years and deposited at the bot tom of the ocean. This amounts to more than 300 feet in a million years. As the main elevation of North Amer ica is 748 feef, and that of Europe 671 feet, it follows that by the operation of present forces Europe will be washed Into the sea in 2.000,000 years, and America in 3,000,000 years. What providence has in store for us after that, no man knows. If the sunk en portion shall rise at the end of that I>eriod, as it did at the end of the coal l>eriod, there will be dry land to live on, but It is doubtful If it have such stores of iron and coal as have blessed the present race of human beings. There are two other sources of heat to which we may look with much con fidence and hope. It was more than a dream of Ericsson to invent an en gine which could be run by collect ing the direct rays of the sun through Immense sun-diais. thus generating the heat to set In motion the wheels of industry. Hut the suc cessful carrying* out of his plans would necessitate the transfer of our great manufacturing centers to the rainless regions of the world where no longer say a thing Is “perfectly grand:” they phrase it. “absolutely perfect.” To be In the know one must put great stress on the word, pro nouncing each syllable with the utmost nicety. Not Quite. “Did you say golf was a parvenu sort of a game?” “Not exactly. I merely remarks that It had its caddy aspect.” Dainty Neckwear for the Summer Not every woman can expose her n»ek, but the majority can and will this summer. That is one respect in which woman can be more comforta ble than man, for it is a relief to the whole system to get away from the stlfT-boned stock and the high turn over starched collar, with a line like a saw under the chin. They are both too hot for summer weather. They are both uncomfort able. True, they must be endured by the woman, who through nature or carelessness has allowed her neck to become scrawny or encircled with dark rings. The girl of the day, however, has an exceedingly good neck. It is an American characteristic. It may be from daily baths, from exercise, from the erect way she is taught to hold her head—but, from whatever cause, the round, strong neck is hers. The Dutch neck, the Byron collar and the rolling neglige collar have all come back into first style for this sea son. The wide soft white collar fast ened to the neckband and starting at the base of the neck Is usually called the Puritan collar, but it is doubtful if the Priscillas of those*days wore such dainty finery as these pieces of embroidery and lace. The thin linen, starched and plain, is also worn by young girls for morning. This is more Puritan-like. The variation from its severe style is the picturesque Byron ic collar of linen, with its wide roll from the neck and Its loose cravat in front. These are not only in pictures and in writing. They have appeared on the streets. They go very well indeed with the large sweeping sailor which has a large crown. It la a little difficult to get the Byron collars, but they can easily be made. The Puritan collar can be bought at any counter where they sell clothes for young boys. They are just such as are worn by a boy ten years old. They are put on dark frocks, especially worn with muslin and linen shirtwaists, and are widely used for separate shirtwaists under coat suits. The majority of these collars are made of fine fabric. They are quite wide, from four to six Inches, and are shaped to a slight point in front where they open. They can easily be made at home. Cut a good pattern out of brown pa per. baste the strips of insertion and lace on It, and then finely whip to gether. Finish the edge with a ruffle of lace.w!thout many gathers. There are surely many pieces of good all-over lace put away in boxes which are not large enough for any thing but such collars. By using them up you can make smart additions to your summer gown. The fine lace ones are especially pretty on soft white muslin blouse stilts, but they should not be worn with shirtwaists. They are also good on frocks of veiling and foulard, but should not be worn on the guimpes of jumpers. SEQUIN EMBROIDERY Here Is a very effective design, suitable for ornamenting a small theater bag; it may be worked entirely in sequins, or In ribbon and sequins. A very dainty bag may be made of cream or pale tinted satin, lined with silk of the same color or white; and we have seen very charming little bags made from the tops of very loqf white kid or suede evening-gloves. These would form an excellent foundation on which to work the design. Sequins of various shapes and sizes may now be obtained in gold, silver, steel. mother-of-paat-I. and various colored metal, so that quite a pretty com bination might be employed in working the design. The stand or basket would in any case look well in small gold sequins. The flowers might be in silver, mother-of-pearl, bronze, pale blue, green, end gold sequins, and the stalks worked with gold tinsel thread. Tether Your Baby. When baby must be out of doors each day. and there is no one to take care of him. tether him. This method will give him. fresh air, freedom of limb, and happiness without the fear that he will wander away too far into the hands of the gypsy, the cis tern. or other dangerous places. Take a belt, fit it comfortably to the baby's waist, so he cannot slip through. At the back tie a piece of clothesline, al lowing him plenty of freedom. Fasten the other end in some shady spot near by, changing the location from time to time as he may grow tired of one place. Give him sand and toys, and watch the result, both to tired mother and runabout babe. Flower-Trimmed Beat Chapeaux. Daisies and forget-me-nots seem to be nature's flower children, and cer tainly their millinery replicas are most suitable garnishings for little girls’ hats. Some of the fine white straws in cap shapes are deliciously prim. Their brimß are faced inside with several fine lace frills, and on the outer side, close to the Joining with the round crown, are set wreaths of Long Coats Are a Pad of the Moment The long coat is at its best this year, and utility is a minor point in its se lection. It must be picturesque and eminently becoming, and it must har monize with the costume worn with it Long and loose and* very slender in general effect, it has the modish em pire waist, or else a snug-fitting back, and it is trimmed as long coats have never been trimmed before. Pongee, rajah and tussor motoring coats are now planned grith costumes of similar material, the trimming en tering into the decoration of the un derneath frock and being repeated on the cuffs, collar and waistcoat of the coat. Some of these harmonizing outer garments are made with waistcoat ot contrasting fabric and color, and not a few have been displayed with waist coats of cretonne and chintz showing some charming color effects. Apropos of waistcoats for the woman who docs not wish to be bothered with a removable waistcoat, and who still clings to the feminine desire for variety, a happy compromise has been invented by one ingenious designer, whereby the separate waistcoat may be buttoned into the under arm seams of a semi-fitting or loose garment, and to all appearances become an integral part of it. But with hardly a moment’s work a different waistcoat may be substituted and the entire effect of the garment changed. So much for inge nuity. While many trimmings are debarred of necessity from entering into th« decoration of the coat designed for motoring, one sees huge crochet but tons, brandeburgs of cords and braids pendant ornaments, folds and pipings of color, as well as soutache tightly curled Into solid rings for the decora tion of bunds of self material, or for the trimming of collars and cuffs. A somewhat novel arrangement is the placing of these disks of soutache the entire length of the sleeve and some times up the shoulder seam as a con tinuation of those on the sleeve. Oc casionally a similar line of soutach* ornaments outlines the large revers. and the decoration may also appear at the center back and form a heading for a plentiful shower of braid pen dants. Fancy buttons, too, play an Im portant part on these coats. In most models ef the dressy variety, here referred to, the sleeves are loose and roomy, giving ample spare for the frock worn beneath. Many are of the wing or cape variety, and are cut in one with the body of the garment. For rainy weather there are a num ber of firm materials only slightly rub- L'fized, so as not to be uncomfortable in hot weather. They are to be had in almost all the desirable colors, such as gray. tan. blue, green and rod, as well as in black and white. One of the most unusual of these models seen In New York is a tight fitting redlngote of scarlet waterproof serge, perfect fitting und plain. Modistes are copying it in firmly woven linen and a silky quality of mohair. Black and white checks are also used for very smart styles. small flov*ers matching the shade of the liberty satin strings. There are charming hats of embroidered pique or muslin with generous flopping brims and Tam crowns. These also are flower wreathed unless big bows and streamers of delicately hued ribbon are preferred. Ribbon Ties. A new tie to take the place of the black satin band which often encircles the throat just below the collar line is made by plaiting together three pieces of hair-inch ribbon, and allowing them to fall Into a sort of fringe depending from the knot in front. Nothing could be easier, for anybody can plait ribbon, and the three pieces may be in three shades or in one sglid color, as pre ferred. The idea may be varied by plaiting eight pieces of baby ribbon or four pieces of one-quarter-inch ribbon. .A tie which is finished with a fringe, and which forms a band around the bottom of the collar is, for the mo ment, in style. Take heed thou bless the day on which love took possession of thee, fc thou oughtest so to ds.—Dante. The English Viewpoint. Little things frequently illustrate the English view of American geog :t’.pliy very plceuresquely. An En glishman had taken the Pacific ex press at Philadelphia, and. feeling tired, had retired to his berth. Just before he fell asleep, he happened to remember that he had forgotten, some thing. so he put his head out. between, the curtains and called: “Portah! Portah! ” The porter came. "What is it, sir?” he salcf. "Please wake me up when we get to San Francisco, you know?”—Phila delphia Ledger. Making It Pleasant For Him. Mabel —Papa, what did you say to Harold that upset him so? He-was ab sent-minded and nervous all the even ing after he had been in tor ask your consent. Mabel's Papa—Oh, nothing much. After giving my consent. I merely ad fled that I hoped he wouldn’t back out, same as all the other fellows had done, when he found out what a temper you had. The average man tries t» console himself with the belief that he Isn’t half as big a fool as he used, to be. Dissolution and Distillation. A man who had made his fortune in the West returned to Ills boyhood home in Ohio to spend it. “What’s become of John Falvey?” he asked of some old friends he met at the hotel. "Oh, lie’s dead. Drank himself to death. We burie d him two years ago." “Well. 1 declare. So old John is gone. And where is Jim Robinson? Is he dead, too?” “Oh. yes; we buried him three years ago. He drank himself to death, too.” "You don’t tell me. And where is old Peter Mareau? Has he passed over?” “Yes.” said one of tl»e home folks. “Old Peter has been gone about a year.” “You buried him a year ago. Well, well ” "Oh, no.” was the reply; “we didn’t bother to bury him. We just poured him back into the barrel.” New factories are springing up. like mushrooms in the Rhine country, and all are built substantially. There is a general complaint, in consequence, of the scarcity of labor. It has been said that no man in Germany is idle unless he chooses. Thought She Knew Him. A short time ago a surgeon had three leg amputations in a week. The unusual number caused talk in the surgeon’s household, and his little daughter Dorothy was greatly inter ested. A few days after the last oper ation, the surgeon's wife and little Dorothy were rummaging In the attic. In the trunk was found a daguerrotype depicting a girl about eight years of age. The portrait through u ifbculi arlty of pose, showed only one leg of the subject, the other being doubled up under her. “Whose picture Is that, Mamma?” asked Dorothy. “Mine; it was taken when I was a child not much >lder than you are now.” * “Did you know papa then?” "No, dear. Why do you ask?” “I thought maybe you did. 'cause M you’ve only got one leg.”—Delineator. ™ Put More In. One morning. Just before starting to school, little Bobble, aged six. years, was watching his mamma put up his noon lunch. Suddenly he said: “Mamma, I wish you’d let Katie put up my lunch instead of doin’ It your self. Won’t you?” “It's no trouble, my dear.” “I know.” “Then, why ” “ ’Cause, mamma, she’* got a bet ter appetite than you, an' she puts mere in.”—Delineator. Hotter Than Hades. A Hot Springs, South Dakota, man met a fellow from Phoenix, Arizona, re cently and writes “Smoke Wreathes” to tell of a little discussion they had about the weather. “How's the weather in Phoenix?” asked the Hot Springs man. "Hot." replied the Arizona man. “How hot?” “Well, it's so hot that a Phoenix man who died last week and went to Hades found it so chilly there he had to send back for his overcoat.” —Denver Post. Misery loves company, hut we feel sorry for the company. There is still hope for the bachelor who reads the marriage notices. Denver Directory •M , t’WiVfl.St,? “!i: log mall.-.I tif*-. Corner lftth and lake. |*nrer. STOVE :; E .V, A ” ,a r , lr “ n r .;;-„7 rl } n "—• Pollen. 1131 U»re»ef. Dwiwr. Phono 123. BROWN PALACE HOTEL ttSHiZS Eurupfn Plan. g|.gp Upward. 11l I llTrn Rustling young man t< e paying WAR I til proposition. Heterencm r w ‘l'Ured, ii* we mean hus'n**-*. Western Sale* On.. Ioi Empire Bldg., Dei.Ter. Colo. THE COLORADO Tilt i AwilnK Co. if;-” Good* limine In Uie Went. Ore Hni-ki, Kilter U lot tm. Cauip und loan Furniture. liu.iitunck*. Blankets and < 'uniform lßfci Lawrence at. Kolit. M. tiiit'hnU. I'ret.. lien Ter. Colo. The Denver Business University Colorado'* Greatest Sri o >1 of Shorthand and Bos.- n««. Fluent Mu tiding, (lent Location In Went. Shorthand taught lur owner, who In experienced re porter: commercial hranchen, by accountant and office man. Fall aewlon umiiii August 31. Student < may enter any time. Addren* «. M. AKTLIP, PreeiUrnt. Cor. W. 37th Are. and Bryant Street. Denver; Colorado. E. E. BURLINGAME & CO., ASSAY OFFICE -SSSSU Established in Colorado,lB6B. Samples bjr mail or express will receive prompt and careful attent inn 6old ASilwßuWo* AM»>ed CYANIDE TESTS - <® *«*• 1736-1738“ Lawrence St., Deliver, Colo. The I.arweat Wee tern Department Storem and Mall Order How. 40,000 People Shop here by Mail We arc pleasing others. We can please you. Return anything that disappoints. Aak for our Mail order Bulletin. Denver, Colorado.