Newspaper Page Text
Yule-Tide Pranks in the
U.S. Navy T »HE ENURE holiday season and especially Christmas day. Is pre-eminently an occasion V for “letting down the tars" with reference to the ? personnel of the enlisted force of the U. S. navy. 1 Ordinarily pretty rigid discipline is enforced on the warships of our navy—as Is necessary where so many men are crowded together in close quarters— but at the joyous yule-tide season the officers are wont to tllow the bluejackets pretty free rein for their frolics. This latitude is allowed not merely because Christmas week is uni versally recognized as an occasion for mirth and merriment. Folly as potent is the fact that a general good time at Christ mas keeps Jack from getting homesick for the sort of family WJMT/J y<? LETTERS TO THE TDLRJ AT ROAfE reunion that most other people are enjoying during the closing week of December. Of course, any one of Uncle Sam’s tars may enjoy an old-faehionoed Christmas at home if the ship to which he is attached happens to be in a port where his parents or other relatives reside, but. naturally, that is a rare contin gency for any of the boys in blue. The average naval seaman Is bound to be away from home on Christmas and he lays plana accordingly Many of the features of the average Christmas program in the navy indicate above all else that excess of animal spirits that might be expected from a whole community of red-blooded and militantly healthy young men who have been cooped up for some time previously. This accounts for the prominence given to sports and athletic contests In the yule-tide program. Of course muscular competitions do not monopolize attention on this day of days There are other red-letter events on the twenty-fifth of December, not forgetting the traditional Christ mas spread and the almost inevitable minstrel show which rounds out the day. It is in connection with these, by the way. that the men-o’-war’s-men play many of the pranks, the privi lege of practicing which they claim as their Inalienable right on such occasions. Your keen-witted naval sailor dearly loves a Joke on any occasion and all through the year the bluejackets display that propensity for playing pranks that might be expected of a body of husk) lads who combine with strenuosity that irresponsi biUty which comes with the comforting assurance of an unfailing supply of substantial rood and warm clothing. At Christmas this spirit reaches a climax. The tars play pranks on each other; they play pranks on their officers, who cannot resent such attentions at this time, and they are pretty apt to play pranks on every body In sight. They start In before daylight on Christmas morn- ing. when many of the boys swing themselves out of their hammocks unusually early In order to •'dress’’ the ship with holiday greens ere the sun Is up. Usually the glbea for the offl cert are reserved for the mlnstre* show In the evening, but there have been occasions in the history of the navy when the bluejackets played decidedly practical Jokes on their superiors In connection with the Christmas dinner For in stance. at Shanghai. China, a few years ago. a delegation of the en listed men got ashore almost as soon as the ship dropped anchor in port, and having forestalled the wearers of gold braid they proceed ed to "corner" the limited market of turkeys. Thus they had plenti ful slices of the light and dark meat at their spread, while the ward-room mess had to put up with a not altogether satisfactory sub stitute. The high prices paid for fowl on this occasion constitute but one of many Illustrations that might be cited to prove how lavish are the bluejackets In their expen ditures when It comes to providing ammunition for the proper observ ance of Christmas. The mischievous nature of these boys grown tall crops out in the character of many of the contests that take place on Christmas after noon. There are boxing, wrestling and fencing contests that are in deadly earnest, but there are also such merriment makers as egg races, ptftato races, three-legged races, sack races, etc., and Anally there are ludicrous pie-eating con tests and similar stunts. A time honored Christmas prank aboard Yankee Aghtlng ships Is that wherein a procession of fantastic ally garbed sailors visits the cap tain’s quarters, carrying a bucket of whitewash, and petitions the commanding officer to literally or figuratively wipe out all scores or demerits standing against members of the crew for minor Infractions of the rules. If the master of the craft Is not utterly lacking In that tact and discernment which makes for popularity In the navy, he hast ens to take cognizance of the spir it of the day by granting this re quest for universal clemency. The opportunities for enjoyment open to our American bluejackets at Christmas have been materially enhanced by the present policy of having the warships, whenever possible Bpend the holidays In some populous port. For instance, the plan, at this writing, is to have the big battleship Aeet spend The Bad Bill "He reminds me”—Senator I*afol lette was condemning a corrupt pol itician who had come a cropper—"he rersinds me of Harrison and his bad five dollar note. "Harrison hurried down to New York for the Hudson-Fulton celebra tion. He had In his vest pocket a bad flve-dollar note, and one night after a banquet, getting out of a taxicab, he haried tbe driver this bad note by Christmas in New York harbor. This means plea ty of entertainment for the bluejackets when tbey have "shore leave,” and It likewise gives many of the tars opportunity to entertain fair friends aboard and proudly show them over tbe Aoatlng fortress. A CHRISTMAS ARGUMENT Ob* noralai la ft* lh« Holly aad the MUIe- Met. aad otralshtway lata araraaieat they fells -vAiT Holly la hla pride bla eery hardrat tried To aho«v he **■* hy far the greatest a welt. -Oh, tjj. jolly, folly, folly!*’ erled the Mlaleto* to "To give yoaroelf the allly airs yoa dot \ JLJ For >oa'll very aooo dad oat that the world, with- 1 // \ not o doobt. Coaid get aloag qalte aleely wlthoat yon.- “ Ah * * •‘■•w. I kaow. ■ kaowr aald Holly to the Misha oe, “Toa’re aa eat loos as ever yoa eaa bei S'- v .A>- Aad yoa’re rroaa aad aagry very, ‘raaar yoa ////7 IP-mTiT havea’t got a berry ■“d vonad. aad bright aad heaatlfal. Ilk* A aawered Mlaletoe tbea. laaghlagi “Why, of . I I # room* >oa’re oaly ehafflm. ,—<'U' ' **| If l*ve a berrry too, aa pare and white as aaow. Every Christmas Hate they dad me, aad they taka me la aad blad me Juat above tbe door, aa very well yoa kaow.** “What a allly tale yoa’re telllag!- eroded the 110 - V, ly, proudly awelllag. MW “For ooe of you they’ll uae a dosea of aw. ✓ Yoa’re an Interloping personi aad yon oaly grow, The braorbeo of some other kind of tree. J “Now, to children, I’m tbe symbol of the nights f-1 y w °\ 'Z wheo ’Haot-the-Thlmble,’ ’Rllad-Maa’a Had,’ and aurh games keep them A\* T « ont of bed| \ And the plum-pnddlog at dinner, yoa will dad, Always has a sprig of holly la hla head." * »Thea tbe Mlaletoe aald, wlaklagt “There’s Juat on* a mall polat. I’m thlaklag. That yon have altogether failed ta aeet If at Christmas time I’m mtaalag, why there can’t da the palm, yon mast admit, belongs to at." Now the moral of this story la. If yoa’re Inclined la yoar own Importance, you are sure to dad Tbat la others* estimation yoa’ve a less Impodtaat ——■ Aad la ■rgaaeat yoa may get left behind. mistake. The driver gave him hia change—a dollar bill —and drove off very hurriedly. "Then Harrison became aware of what he had done, and he shouted to the man: "‘Hey, stop! That bill’s bad.’ "‘lt’s good enough for you!’ the driver called back, defiantly, putting on even greater speed. "And Harrison, examining his dollar By WALDON FAWCETT CHRASTMAS ATHLET/C£~Z //Y THE NAVY s 4 change under a steel lamp, perceived that it was a counterfeit." Coincidence in Names. In a New York public school one of the teachers has four pupils whose names are the same as her own, and the principal and the janitor get each other's mall for the same teason. An other singular thing In this line oc curred not long ago on the East side, where the clergyman and the man and woman whom he married had the same name. m m l LAL///T/YC/A tr CWAASTSfAS CAEST/HGS -w BY SLAG CASZMJJ/YG » Another new line of policy in the navy that makes all holi days more worth while Is that outlined In the recent order of the secretary of the navy which prescribes that work aboard our warships shall be reduced to a minimum on Sundays and holi days. Even ship inspection and In spection of the crew are dispensed with on such occasions—or rather is tt ordered that such functions shall take place on some.other day and that the men be given prac tically a "free day" for their own amusement. Hluejackets who do not attend as participants or onlookers the Christmas athletic program may often be found on the holiday reading in come un frequented corner of the ship, wri ting to loved ones at home, play ing cards, or mayhap exchanging Christmas geetlngs with friends on other ships of the Aeet by means of the picturesque wig-wag system of Aag signaling. The Business Instinct. A small Detroit boy was given a drum for a Christmas present, and was beating it vociferously on the sidewalk, when a nervous neighbor appeared and asked: "How much did your father pay for that drum, my little man?” "Twenty-five centa, sir." was the reply. "Will you take a dollar for It?** "Oh, ycr, sir," said the boy eag erly. "Ma said she hoped I’d sell It for ten cents." Tbe exchange was made, and the drum put where it wouldn't make any more noise, and the nervous man chuckled over his stratagem. But to his horror, when he got home that night, there were four drums beating In front of his house, and as he made his appear ance. the leader stepped up and Bald, cheerfully: "These are my cousins, sir. I took that dollar and bought four new drums. Do you want to give us $4 for them?** The nervous neighbor rushed In to the house in despair, and the drum corps is doubtless beating yet in front of his house. Doctors Versus Lawyers. Most lawyers take a keen delight trying to confuse medical experts In the witness box in murder trials, and often they get paid back In their own coin. A case Is recalled where the lawyer, after exercising all the tangling tactics without ef fect, looked quizzically at the doc tor who was testifying and said: "You will admit that doctors sometimes make mistakes, won't you?” "Oh, yes; the same as lawyers," was the cool reply. "And doctors' mistakes are burled six feet under ground," was |be lawyer’s triumphant reply. ‘fYes," he replied, "and the law yers' mistakes often awing in the air."—Philadelphia Public Ledger. A Time to Give. Every boy and girl should make something to give to another at Christmas time; there Is scarcely anyone who is not able to do some thing to make another person hap py at this season of the year. Literary Note. There’s a big difference between the book bug and the book worm. The book bug lays the book and then batches It and the book worm devours It If he doesn't get sick after his first bite. A Casual Inquiry. "I never have tasted liquor of any kind nor used tobacco nor uttered an oath in my life.” “Urn! You haven’t, eh? Do you wear ruffles on your night shirt ?”—Exchange. PUMP TO IRRIGATE Windmills Sometimes Used, But Cannot Be Relied Upon. Efficiency of Rotary Pump to High, Usually Exceeding, in Large Sizes, That of Any Other Style. Hydraulic rams are of little value for irrigation. They do excellent work for supplying water for a res idence or for a few head of stock, but for more than a few acres of land a ram Is out of the question. If water is to be secured from wells of small diameter more than 30 feet in depth it is necessary to use a cylinder submerged in the water in the well, the plunger being operated by means of a rod. Windmills are sometimes used for'operating these pumps, but as the wind cannot be depended upon entirely it Is a good thing to use a gasoline engine or a motor so con nected that it can be used when the, wind does not blow. U is seldom possible to secure more than 200 gallons of water a minute from a deep well and in order to se cure this it is necessary to have about a ten-inch casing, using a cylinder eight inches in diameter with a SC inch stroke, writes Edwin C. Reybold in Denver Field and Farm. These outfits usually range in capacity from 5- to 20 gallons a minute. Ro tary pumps are excellent, but rather expensive in all sizes. Their efficiency is high, usually exceeding in large sizes that of any other style of pump. When it is possible to connect direct to a slow-speed water wheel there is nothing better than a rotary pump. It cannot be used direct connected to motors unless gears are used, since the speeds are very slow while those of motors are high. If a small quantity of water is de sired and the head rather great, ex ceeding 5 feet and up to 150 feet, it is necessary to use some form of positive pump and as a rotary pump is rather high In price a horizontal piston pump is frequently used. These pumps In capacities from 15 100 gallons a minute are quite reason able in price. A still better form of pump for these heads, and one which may be used for any head up to sev eral hundred feet, is the triplex pumi* The cost of this pump is considerable, but it has the best efficiency of all. as It will deliver water with a less con sumption of power than any other. Such pumps are used very generally for city water works. It Is probable that over 95 per cent, of all water pumred for irrigation Is handled by centrifugal pumps. They may be had in anr capacity from ten gallons a minute up t 0200.000 or 300,- 000 gallons a minute. They are also made for any head desired, some be ing used in mines for pumping to lifts of over 1,000 feeW They are also widely used for pumping directly Into mains of city water works and into pipes conducting to the various hydrants for irrigating lawns. Centrifugal pumps are made In two styles, horizontal and vertical. Hor izontal pumps are usually recom mended when It is possible to place them within suction limit of the sur face of the water. Water may be sucked as much as 20 or 25 feet at sea level, but at an altitude of 5,000 feet It Is not customary to place the pump more than ten feet above water, and the closer the better the results will be. Vertical pumps are used when conditions require them. For Instance, the Palisade irrigation dis trict uses vertical pumps geared to vertical water wheels. When water Is pumped from wells vertical pumps are also frequently used, as shafts may be extended to the surface and a quarter-turn belt used between the en gine and pump. Or a vertical motor can be connected direct to the pump shaft. Never use a vertical pump when It is possible to use a horizontal, as the difficulties encountered In prop erly Installing them are great and i roper oiling is almost Impossible. The standard type of vertical pump is a terrible consumer of power. Good Spray Pump. A good spray pump should be part of the equipment df every garden. For the small garden a good bucket, com pressed air or knapsack pump will be most satisfactory, while for larger gar dens a barrel pump, with an attach ment for spraying several rows when occasion demands, or an automatic nump geared to the wheels of the truck will be found more economical of time and labor. The small com pressed air sprayer Is handy, a* it leaves both hands free for use. and is therefore useful If it is desired to spray two or three small trees, pos sibly with the use of a step ladder to reach their tops. A supply of those insecticides which are needed every year, such as parts green, arsenate of lead, whale oil soap, tobacco dust, cop per sulphate or prepared Bordeaux mixture, Bhould be laid In at the be ginning of the season, so that no time may be lost when an insect In vasion occurs. Building Irrigation Ditch. In building an irrigation ditch, say one or two miles long, how much fall should It have to the rod. For a goofl, substantial ditch to carry water to Ir rigate 160 acres, what should be the dimensions? R. M. F., Twin Falls, Idaho. Ans. —The fall for such an irrigation ditch should be about from a quarter to a half an Inch to the rod. The size of a ditch to irrigate 160 acres of land will depend largely on the fall available and the character of the soil. Under ordinary conditions a ditch 12 Inches wide with a diameter of three feet six Inches on the top and 18 inches deep on a grade of not less than one-fourth of an Inch to the rod should be sufficient. If a steeper grade can be secured the size of the ditch can be reduced correspondingly. Gather Sweet Corn Seed. Seed corn should be gathered before serious frosts and hung up where It will dry thoroughly. It should not be allowed to freeze before It becomes absolutely dry. This precaution should also be taken with all other varieties of seed corn. It Is best to remove U from the stalk before it gets dead ripe. KILLING AN ALFALFA CROP May Be Done on Irrigated Land in Midsummer—Moist Soil De composes Foliags. There is often some difficulty It getting rid of a stand of alfalfa. For satisfactory work a sod plow with a long moldboard should be used. The share should be kept In good cutting condition by frequent sbarpenlngs and a file should be taken along into the field and the edge of the share sharp ened several times a day. The plow should be set to cut several inches less than the full width ao that no alfalfa roots at the outer edge of the furrow slice will be left uncut. The depth should be from four to five in ches. hi order that the alfalfa roots may be cut with a drawing cut rather than a lifting one do not give the share too much suction, but set to run nearly straight from point to keel. A lifting cut may be prevented by having one and a half or two inches of the edge rolled so as to run almost flat on the bottom of the furrow, thus cutting ahead of the lift and avoiding a dragging cut. A horizontal cutter may be bolted to the landside to cut a part of the roots In the next fur row. Alfalfa may be killed qulfe suqgeas fully on irrigated land in midsummer. The fields may be irrigated a short time before plowing. Let the land be harrowed after plowing to close ft up and preserve moisture. Do not let the ground dry out, but irrigate If necessary. With the soil moist and the weather warm the roots as well as the foliage turned under will de compose* readily. The decay spread ing to the roots insures the killing of the alfalfa. Late in the fall plow again, this time deeply: Alfalfa may also be killed satisfac torily by fall plowing. This should be shallow so as to leave the roots ex posed. which will ensure complete killing during winter. Deep plowing in spring will cover them up. Some kill alfalfa successfully by plowing late in spring when it 1b 10 to 12 inches high. Whether the plowing be in midsum mer or In fall' the roots should be finally left In the ground to decay, as thereby the full fertilizer*’value of the alfalfa Is secured. Some farmers rake out the roots and haul them off In wagon loads. Much valuable organic matter and plant food Is lost by such a practice. ALFALFA IMPROVES THE SOIL It Is Chief Leguminous Crop and Can Supply Nitrogen Which Ordinary Crops Do Not Add. Alfalfa is Just as important as an Im prover of the soil as it is as a hay crop. If the fanners realized this and managed their cropping accordingly they would be vastly more prosperous. The difficulty is not that there Is not enough alfalfa grown but that the farmers are loth to plow It up and In troduce some rotation. Our soils are very well supplied with the mineral el ements essential to plant growth, but are deficient in humus and nitrogen. Fortunate It Is that these constituents which are lacking can easily be added by growing alfalfa. Such crops as small grain, potatoes and sugar beets add scarcely any nitrogen, but on the other hand draw upon that con tained In the soil. Grain stubble and such portions of those crops as be come incorporated into the soil supply humus. Since alfalfa la our chief le guminous crop and can supply the ni trogen which ordinary crops do not add to the soil Its great value for soil improvement may be appreciated. GENERAL FARM NOTES. Feeding is Important, but the hen house needs constant care, too. Do not feed the pullets until they will have no ambition to forage. Keep fresh warm milk separate from the old, as it keeps better. Keep the heifer Intended for the dairy in thrifty, growing condition. Test your milk. It Is not quantity so much as quality that counts. Don’t let the weeds have a chance to seed. That is sowing trouble for next year. Winter cover crops will greatly as sist and reduce the cost of carrying stock through the winter. Sand burs should be burned off as soon as they dry up. Then disk and plow the land, leaving It rough. The larger the losu the less the cost per bushel for marketing, and that is where good roads have their In nings. Deep, rich soil, of an alluvial na ture, soli which contains plenty of hnmus, la excellent for planting small fruits. If a small grain crop does not catch or Is winter killed, the land will be left In splendid condition for planting spring crops. It costs less to cultivate one-fourth of an acre on the most intensive sys tem than it does to treat an acre In the usual slipshod manner. One reason for the continued popu larlty of the Ben Davis is that there are thousands of city folks who don’t know what constitutes a good eating apple. Self-Supporting Farms. An old farmer said with some troth: “If It were not fcr the factories and railroads we would still be swapping cheap butter at the stores for high priced sugar, tea and molasses.” There are those who assert the old times were better when the farms were “self-supporting” and before the factory people came, says the New England Homestead. But suggest tc such that there is still a chance tc live under exactly those conditions: In a new country like the far north west, and they show no enthusiasm to leave their comfortable homes tc get back Into primitive conditions, where farm products as well as land is cheap and plenty, but money and comfort scarce. Forty years ago the “simple life” was still a sure enough reality. Most farmhouses had bare floors except in the parlor, and coun try families went to church In a spring wagon. It was easy to ex change good* at the store, but the dealer took a wide margin both way* and there was very little cash from any source. When you come to think it over the world has moved after all The Philosophy of Jugs. “Hey, 7 o’ Gid! What fo’ yo* want to look in dat Jug so? Can’t you git the cork out?” “ ’Taint no cork in. Say, Mingo," broke off Gid, perplexedly, “how ebber can the darkness In this yah Jug keep the light from going in at the hole?” “ ’Taint that way,” was the knowing reply; “It is the light what keeps the darkness from shinin' out.” —Success. It takes a clever oculist to cure an egotist of his I trouble. —Harper’# Weekly. Both Depend on the Batter. Nick Altrock, one of the real funny actors on the ball field, boarded at the same hotel with “Jiggs” Donahue last winter, and one morning at the break fest table, in conversation with “Jiggs,” said: "The buckwheat cakes at this hotel remind me of a baseball game.” “How’s that?” asked Donahue. “The batter doesn’t always make a hit,” —Terre Haute Tribune. “Did you ever play football when you were a boy?” “Only when I stub bed my toe.” WESTERN STOCK SHOW AT DENVER. January 8 to 15, 1910. During the week of the Stock Show the 13th Annual Convention of the American National IJve Stock Asso ciation will be held, January 11 to 13; also the initial annual meeting of the Beef Producers' Association of Amer ica. Tue Colorado & Southern will make a rate of one fare for the round trip from all points in Colorado. Tickets will be on sale January 9 to 14 inclu sive. Final limit, January 17, 1910. I.ady (on the bank) —My dear sir, how did you come to tumble in? Man (In the water) —My dear mad am, to be frank. I didn't come to tum ble In. I came to skate.—The By stander. COLORADO NATIONAL APPLE EX POSITION. Denver Auditorium, January 3 to 8. A rate of one fare for the round trip will be made by the Colorado & Southern railway, from all points in Colorado. Tickets will be on sale January 2 and 3. Final limit, January 10, 1910. RICHARD WATSON GILDER. The unexpected death of Richard Watson Gilder Is more than a per sonal bereavement to the thousands In every part of the land, and In other lands, to whom he was known affec tionately either in person or—even better—by the revealing personality of his poetry and other writings. To his associates of this magazine, who from the daily contact of many years knew his rare spirit, his uncompro mising scrupulousness, his high stand ards of personal influence, his large horizons of sympathy, his instinct and habit of usefulness, it must always seem that the noble qualities of the real man can never be made known to the world as they are known to us. To the readers of The Century, in which for the nearly forty years of Us existence he has been a formative and determinative force and for the last twenty-eight Its responsible and de voted editor-in-chief, his death must be like the loss of a friendly voice from the fireside, —a voice of hope and of warning, of optimistic faith and of brave encouragement toward worthy ends. —The Century. DENVER OMECTORY xBjK. $22 C. 0.0. Luring a btr- M n * s * complete |j* c oS' soil •*#ry»hfr* for It? 00 Band for our fro* cat alogue of aaddlea and harnrsa. prlcM In the V. S The Kred Mueller Saddle S llar —a Co.. I4IZ-I9 rimer HI- IVafrf. Colo. ony | I nnv In all klnda of HER* DUS I. LUUk CIIAMUNK. Mammoth cits lo* mailed free. Cor. l«th and Blake. Denver. RUGS & LINOLEUM at wholeeale prlrea. We pay the frelsht. Heat ratals* In Denver mailed free. THE HOLCOMB A HART RAW FU?S hides and pelts nn VI IUtAW Write for our complete price list and tags. Ut«hest price* paid and ull(factory returns. I.OTZ HIDE * WOOL CO. *»■'». Cafe. IraslM, IA BapM City. B. X I A DIF S’ UP-TO-DATE BTYI.EM fe.s BEST IN THE MARKET' FURS Katahllebed »TB I V II W Careful Attention to Mall Order*. THE MOWLAM I> SI ILLIS Kit V * ELK CO.* lOth and Ktout. Denver H. T. CRAIO Solicits your bualneaa, either to Kell or buy II ft DC FC Haraess.Waxons H u cat e* MM HO to' 4 n d Hnddlea. Auction Kales a a vIiVUU fT#rj Wednesday. Ipm. Went Denver Stork Varda. IJBJ Thir teenth Street. I’hone Main 3M2. PIANOS M It you intend to buy a piano this fall get this offer now. Save $lOO to $l6O. I. Psyarat Man. THE KNIGHT. r.AXPBRI.L MUSIC CO, Denver, tha « rat a oldest and largest music house. Established 1874. B. E. BURLINGAME & CO, ASSAY OFFICE -SKKU Established in Colorado,MM. Samples by mail or axpreas will receive prompt and carets lattent ion GUM &S llftf BllliM MMmH Assayed CONCENTRATION, AVALAaffISFbo sui/ssi «*' I7IS-IT3S Lawrence St.. Denver. Cole. SLIGHTLY USED PIANOS WEBER BABY 6RAND $490 GEORGE STECK GRAND $365 BALLET A DAVIS SMALL GRAND, beautiful mahogany case $485 V pa «. l P«y*n*nt on the Cable Inner Player Plano. n.fe!*. ot ee<rs c .* r, .°A£ of our a P*cl*l bar gains. $2.5 to $250. now on sale. KBHSE. HOWARD E. BURTON, ASSAYER k CHEMIST LKADVII.LE. COLORADO •seelman prices: Gold, silver, lead. $1; gold. .?. r - 7,c; F old - 00e: slno or copper, ft; Mailing envelopes and full pries list saet oa application. Control and umpire work so licited. Itefa -anca; Carbamate National Bask.