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URGES CONSERVATION OF
THE NATION’S RESOURCES President Taft Sends Special Message to Con gress Recommending Prevention of Land Frauds, Control of Water Power, Fos tering of Soils and Kindred Subjects Washington. Jan 14 —Following Is he complete (ext of Ihe special uies sage on the conservation ot the na Jon's resources sent to the senate ind house ot representatives by Pres ident Tult today: To the Ki-nuto mi l House* of l!i*prr«rnta lives: In my annual message* I reserved the subject of tin* conservation of our na tional resources for rilxpmnlion in a spe cial message, us follows In several departments there Is pre sented the necessity for legislation liHik- Ing to the furtlu-i «c»n***i vntion of our national resources, snd the subject is one of such Importance as to lojulre a more detailed and extended discussion than can be entered upon in this eninmuniCM tlon. For that reason 1 «h#ll lake an early opportunity to send a special mes sage to congress on the subject of the Improvement of our waterways, upon the reclamation and Irrigation of arid, neinl arld and swamp lands, upon Ihe preser vation of our forests snd the re foresting of suitable areas, upon the ri*-<-laa*in«*a tlon of the put.lie domain with s view nf separating from agricultural settlement mineral, coal and phosphate lands and .sites belonging to the government bor dering on streams suitable lor the utili zation of water powei In IAUO w*e had a public domain of 1.f18R.- 911,288 acres We have now Trtl.ltM.uxi acres, confined largely tA the mountain ranges and the and and semi arid plains. We have. In addition. JOi U& 975 acres of land In Alaska Disbursement of Public Lands. The public lands were, (luting the earli est administrations, treated as a national asset for the liquidation of the public debt and as a source of reward for our soldiers snd sailors fatter on they were donated In large amounts In aid of the construction of wagon mads and rail ways In order to open up regions In the west then almost Inaccessible All the principal land statutes were enacted more than a quarter of a centurv ago The homenfe.nl act. the pre emptlon snd tim ber-culftire set. Ihe coal land and the mining acts were among these The rapid disposition of the public lands under the earlv statutes, and the lis methods of distribution prevailing, due. I think, to the better that these lands should rapidly pass Into private owner ehlp. gave rise to the Impression that the public domain was legitimate prer for the urscrupulous and that It was not contrary to good morals to circumvent the lard laws Tills prnl'.gal manner of disposition resulted in the passing of Urge ureas of valuable land and ninny of our national resources Into the hands of persons who felt little nr no responsi bility for promoting the national wel fare through their development. Fraudulent Titles. The truth Is that title to millions .if seres of public lands was fraudulentlv obtained and that the right to recover a large part of such lands for Ihe govern ment long Stnce ceased by reason of stat utes of limitations. There has devehtped In recent years a dec-* concern In the public mind respecting the preservation and pro|*er use of our natural resources. This bus le-en particularly direct cl toward the conservation of the resources of the public domain A vast amount of discussion has appeared In the public prints In generalized form on this sub ject. but' ihere has been little practical suggestion It has been easy to «ay that Ihe natural resources In fuel supply. In forests. In water power, and In other public utilities. must be saved from waste, monopoly, ard other abuses, and the gener.il publ'c Is In accord with this r -oposlllon as they are with most truisms The problem, however. Is how to save and how to utilize, how to con serve and still develop, for no snne per son can rontend that It Is for the com mon good that nature's blessings art only for unborn generations Noteworthy Reforms. Among the most noteworthy reforme Initiated by my distinguished predecessor were the vigorous prosecution of land frauds and the bringing to public atten tion of the ne«-* salty for preserving the remaining public domain from further spoliation, for the maintenance and eg tenslon of our forest resources, and for the enactment of laws amending the ob solete statutes so as to retain govern mental control over that part of the pub lic domain In which there nre valuable deposits of coal, of oil. and of phosphate, and. In addition thereto, to preserve ran trol. under conditions favorable to the public, of the lands alopg the streams In which the fall of water can l*e made to generate power to be transmitted In the form or electricity many miles to the point of Its use. known as "water power" sites Th<- investigations Into violations of the public land laws and the prosecution of land frauds have l»*rn vigorously con tinued under mjr administration, ns has l>een the withdrawal of coal lands for classification and valuation and the tem porary withholding of power sites Since March t IM. temporary withdrawals of power sites have been made on 102 streams and these withdrawals therefore cover 220 per cent, more streams than were covered by the withdrawals made prior to that date. The present statutes, except so far as they dispose of the precious metals and the purely agricultural lands, are not ndnpted to ’carry out the modern view of the heat disposition of public lands to private ownership, under con ditions offering on the one hand suffi cient Inducement to private capital to take them over for proper develop ment. with r.-strletive conditions on the Other which shall aecure to the public that character of control which will prevent a monopoly or misuse of the lands or their products. The power of the secretary of the Interior to with draw from the operation of exlatlng statutea tracta of land, the disposition of v.-htch under such statutes would be detrimental to the public Interesta. Is not clear or satisfactory This power baa be«-n exercised In the Interest of the public, with the hope that congress might nfllrm the action of the execu tive by laws adapted to the new condi tions I'nfortunately. congress has not thus far fully acted on the recommen dations of the executive, and the ques tion ns to what the executive Is to do Is und<r the circumstances, full of difficulty. It seems to me that It Is the duty of congress now. by n statute, to validate the withdrawals which have been made by the secretary of the Interior and the president and to uae the secretary of the Inti rlor temporar ily to withdraw lands pending submis sion to congress of recommendations as CHASE GAME IN MOTOR CARS New Sport That Is Said to Be Popular Among Hunters in West ern Kansas. Automobiles are revolutionizing methods of hunting wild game in western Kansas A wolf hunt under the new plan Is most exciting One runs the automobile and another does the shooting A machine can run miles and miles in the open prairie of to legislation to meet conditions or emergencies as they arise. Properly to Classify Lands. One of the most pressing needs In Ihe matter of public-land reform Is that lands should be classified accord ing to their principal value use. This ought to he done by that or department whose force is best adapted to that work It should be done by the Inter ior department through the geological survey Much of confusion, fraud, and contention which haa existed In the present has arisen from the lack of an official and determlnatlve classifi cation of the public lands and tlielr contents. It is now proposed to dispose nf ag ricultural tanda aa such, and at the same time to reserve for other disposi tion the treasure of coal. oil. nshphal lum. natural gas '>nd phosphate con tained therein This may he best ac complished by separating the right to mioe from the title to the aurfare. giving the necessary use of so much of Ihe latter ns ma v he required for the extraction of Ihe deposits The sur face might he disposed of ns agricul tural land under the general agricul tural statutes, while the coal or other mineral could he disposed of by lease on a royalty basis with the provisions requiring a certain amount of develop ment each year; and In order to pre vent the use and cession of said lands with others of slmilnr character so ns to constitute a monopoly forbidden by law. the lease should contain suitable provision suhlecting to forfeiture the Interest nf persons participating In such monopoly Such law should ap ply to Alaska as well os to the United Slates Statute Difficult to Frame. It Is exceedingly difficult to frame n statute to retain government control over a property to he developed by private capital In such a manner ns to secure the governmental purpose and at the name time not frighten sway the Investment of the necessary capital Hence. II may be necessary hv laws that are really only experi mental to determine from their prac tical operation what Is the best im lhod of securing the result aimed at The extent of the value of phosphate Is hardly realized, and with the need that there will he for It as the years roll on and the necessity for fertiliz ing the land shall become more acute. Ibis will he a product which will prob ably attract the greed nf monopolists Public Land Along Streams. With respect to the public land which lies along the streams offering opportunity to convert wnter power Into transmissible electricity, another Important phase of the public land question la presented There are val uable wnter power sites through all the public land stntes. The opinion Is held that the transfer of sovereignty from the federal government to the territorial governments as they become stntes. Included the water power In the rivers except so far as that owned by riparian proprietors. I do not think It necessary to go Into discussion of this somewhat mooted question of law It seemu to me sufficient to say that the man whq owns and controls the land along the stream from which the power Is to be converted snd trans mitted. owns land which Is Indispens able to th* conversion and use nf that power I cannot conceive how the power In streams (lowing through pub lic lands can be made available at all except by using the land Itself ms the site for the construction nf the plant by which the power Is generated and converted and accurlng a right of way thereover for transmission Hnes. Un der these condition. If the government owns the adjacent land- - Indeed. If the government Is the riparian ownrr—lt may control the use of the water power by Imposing proper conditions on the disposition of the land necessary In the creation nnd utilization of the water power. Value of Water Power. The development In electrical appli ances for the conversion of the water power Into electricity to be transmitted long distances has progressed so far that It Is no longer problematical, but It Is a certain Inference that In Ihe future the power of the water falling In the streams to n large extent will take the place of natural fuels. In Ihe disposition of the domain already granted, many water oower sites have come under absolute ownership, and may drift Into one own ership. so that all the water power under private ownership shall be a monopoly. If. however, the water power sites now owned by Ihe government-and there are enough of them—shall be disposed of to private persons for the Investment of their capital In such away as to prevent their union for purposes of monopoly with other water power sites, and under conditions that shall limit the right of usr to not exceeding thirty years with renewal privileges and some equitable means of fixing terms of rental snd with proper means for determining a reasonable grad uated rental. It would seem entirely pos sible to prevent Ihe absorption of these most useful lands by a power monopoly. Aa Inn* sa the government retains con trol snd can prevent their Improper union with other plants, competition must be maintained and prices kept reasonable. Soils Must Be Conserved. In considering the conservation of the natural resources of the country, the fea ture that transcends all others. Including woods, waters, minerals. Is the soli of the country. It Is Incumbent upon the gov ernment to foster by all available means the resources of the country that produce the food of the people. To this end the conservation of the soils of the country should be cared for with all means at the government’s dls|»osal Their productive powers should have Ihe attention of our scientists that we may conserve the new soils. Improve the old soils, drain wet soils, ditch swamp soils, levee river over flow soils, grow trees on thin soils, pas ture hillside soils, rotate crops on all soils discover methods for cropping dry land aolls. And grasses nnd legumes for all soils, feed grains nnd mill feeds on the farms where they originate, that the soils from which they come may be en riched. A work of the utmost importance to In form nnd Instruct the public on this chief branch of the conservation of our re sources is being carried on successfully In the department of agriculture: but It ought not to escape public attention that state action In addition to that of the de partment of agriculture (as for Instance In the drainage of swamp lands) is es sential to the best treatment of the soils in the manner above Indicated. The act by which. In seml-arld parts of the west without coming in contact with a fence or a creek. When a wolf or coyote is scared up the auto mobile takes after him A wolf runs in an easy circle. He doesn't dodge back and forth. So it is comparative ly easy for the driver to keep right behind him. But the automobile must have great speed. A coyote can run 30 miles an hour with ease A few days ago some Gar den City hunters ran down a 'coyote and killed him with the wheels That was considered a great hunting feat. the public domain, the area of the home stead has been enlarged from 160 to 320 acres has resulted most beneficially In the extension of "dry farming” nnd In the demonstration which has been made of the possibility, through a variation In the character and mode of culture, of raising substantial crops without the presence of such a supply of water as has been heretofore thought to be neces sary for agriculture. But there are millions of acres of com pletely arid land in the public domain which, by the establishment of reservoirs for the storing of water and the Irri gation of the lands, may be made much more fruitful and productive than the best lands In a climate where the mois ture comes from the clouds. Congress recognized the Importance of this method of artificial distribution of water on the arid lands by the passage of the reclama tion net. The proceeds of the public lunds creates the fund to build the works needed to store and furnish the neces sary water, and It was te.'t to the secre tary of the Interior to determine what projects should be started among those suggested and to direct the reclamation service, with the funds at hand and through the engineers In Its employ, to construct the works. No one can visit the far west and the country of arid and seml-arld lands with out being convinced that this Is one of the most Important methods of the con servation of our natural resources that the government has entered upon. It would appear that over 30 projects have been undertaken, and that a few of these nre likely to Ik* unsuccessful be cause of lark of water, or for other rea sons. hut generally the work which has been done has been well done, and many Important engineering problems have been met nnd solve!!. Funds Inadequate for Service. One of the difficulties which has arisen Is that too manv projects In view of the available fund* have been set on foot. The funds available under the reclamation statute nre Inadequate to cnmnl« e these projects within a reasonable time And yet the projects have been begun: settlers have been Invited to take tip qnd. In many In stane.-s have taken up. the public land with t the projects, relying upon their prompt completion. The failure to complete the projects for their benefit Is. In effect, n breach of faith and leaves them In a most distressed con dition I urge that the nation ought to afford the means to lift them out of the very desperate condition In which they now .are. This condition does not Indicate any excessive waste or any corruption on the part of the reclamation service. It only Indicates an over-zealous desire to extend the benefit of reclamation to as many aerea and ns many stntes ns possible. I recommend, therefore., that authority he given to Issue, not exceeding J 30.000.000 of bonds from time to time, as the secretary of the Interior shall find It necessary, the proceedn to be applied to the comple tion nf the projects already begun and their proper extension, nnd the bonds running ten years or more to be taken up by the proceeds of returns to the reclamation fund, which returns, aa the years go on. will Increase rapidly In amount. There is no doubt at all that If these bonds were to’he allowed to run ten years, the proceeds from the public lands, together with the rentals for water furnished through the completed enterprises, would quickly create a sinking fund large enough to retire the bonds within the time specified. I hope that, while the atatute shall pro vide that these bonds are to be paid out of the reclamation fund. It will be drawn In such away na to secure In terest at the lowest rate, and that the credit of the United States will be pledged for their redemption. I urge consideration of the recom mendations of the secretary of the Interior In his annual report for amendments of the reclamation act. proposing other relief for settlers on these projects New Law Requisite. Respecting the comparatively small tlmttered areas on the public domain not Included In national forests because of their Isolation or their special value for ngrlrultural or mineral purfMisea. II Is ap parent from the evils resulting by vir tue of the Imperfections of existing laws for the disposition of tlnil»er lands that the acts of June S, I*7*. should he re pealed and a law enacted for the dispo sition or the limiter at public sale, the lands after the removal of the timber to be subject to appropriation under the agricultural or mineral land laws What I have said Is really an epitome of the recommendations of the secretary of the Interior In respect to the future conservation of the public domain In his present annual report. He has given close attention to the problem of disposi tion of these lands under auch conditions as to Invite the private capital necessary to their development on the one hand, and the maintenance of the restrictions necessary to prevent monopoly and nbuse from absolute nwneiwhlp on Ihe other. These recommendations are Incorporated In bllla he haa prepared, and they are at the disposition of the congress. I earnest ly recommend that all the suggestions which he ha* made with respect to these lands shall be eml»odled In statutes and. especially, that the withdrawals already made ahull he validated so far aa neces sary and that doubt as to the authority of the secretary of the Interior to with draw lauds for the purpose of submitting recommendations as to future disposition of them where new legislation Is needed shall be made complete and unquestioned. Disposition of Fofest Reserve*. The forest reserves of the United States, some 190,000.000 acres In extent, are under the control of the department of agriculture, with authority adequate to preserve them and to extend their growth so far as that may be practicable. Tl.e Importance of the maintenance of our forests cannot be exaggerated. The possi bility of a scientific treatment of forests so that they shall be made to yield a large return In timber without really re ducing the supply has been demonstrated In other countries, and we should work toward the standard set by them as far ns their methods are applicable to our conditions. Upwards of four hundred millions acres of forest land In thla country are In pri vate ownership, but only three per cent, of It I# being treated scientifically and with a view to the maintenance of the forests. The part played by the forests in the equalization of the supply of water on watersheds Is a matter of discussion and dispute, but the general benefit to be derived by the public from the extension cif forest lands on watersheds and the promotion of the growth of trees In places that nre now denuded and that once had great flourishing forests, goes without saying. The control to be exer cised over private owners In the'.r treat ment of the forest* which they own Is a matter for state and not national regu lation. because there Is nothing In the constitution that authorizes the federal government to exercise any control over forests within a state, unless the forests are owned In a proprietary way by the federal government. Improvement of River. I come now to the Improvement of the Inland waterways. He would be blind Indeed, who did not realize that the peo ple of the far west, and especially those of the Mississippi valley. have been aroused to the need there Is for the Im provement of our Inland waterways. The Mississippi river, w'lth the Missouri on the one hand and the Ohio on the other, would seem to offer a great nat ural means of Interstate transportation and traffic. How far. If properly improved When hunters used to chase coyotes on horses and with dogs there was never a record of where they drove the coyotes to their dens. But It is different with automobiles Coyotes run until they are about to be taken In and then make for their dens In order to "smoke them out" the driver attaches a rubber tube to the gas tank of his car and runs the other end down in the hole. That soon brings the coyote out, anc the race Is resumed until the animal Is Lagged.— Chicago News. they would relievo the railroads or so*, plement them In respect to the buUder and cheaper commodities Is a matter of conjecture. No enterprise ought to be undertaken the cost of which Is not def initely ascertained and the benefit and advantage of which are not known and assured by competent engineers and other authority. When, however, a project of a definite character for the Improvement of a waterway has been developed so that the plans have been drawn, the cost definitely estimated, and the traffic which will be accommodated Is reason ably probable I think It is the duty of congress to undertake the project and make provision therefor In the proper ap propriation bill. One of the projects which answers the description I have given is that of Intro ducing dame Into the Ohio river from Pittsburg to Cairo, so as to maintain at all seasons of the year, by slack water, a depth of nine feet. Upward of seven of these dams have already been con structed and six are under construction, while the total required Is 50. The re maining cost Is known to be $C3.n00,000. It seems to me that In the development of our inland waterways It would be wise to begin with this particular project and earry It through as rapidly as may be. I assume from reliable Information that It can be' constructed economically In ten years. I recommend, therefore, that the public lands, in river and har bor bills, make provision for continuing contracts to complete this Improvement, and 1 shall recommend In the future. If It be necessary, that bonds be Issued to carry It through. What has been said of the Ohio river Is true In a less complete way of the Im provement of the upper Mississippi from St. Paul to St. Louis to a constant depth of six feet, and of the Missouri, from Kansas City to St. Louis to a constant depth of six feet and from St. Louis to Cairo of a depth of eight feet. These projects have been pronounced practical by competent boards of army engineers, their cost has been estimated and there is business which will follow the lm« plovement. As these Improvements nre being made, und the traffic encouraged by them shows Itself of sufficient Importance, the Im provement of the Mississippi beyond Cairo down to the gulf, which Is now going on with the maintenance of a depth of nine feet everywhere. m*y be changed to another and greater depth If the neces sity for It shall appear to arise out of the traffic which can be delivered on the river at Cairo. Cheap Rail Rate Necessary. I am Informed that the Investigation by the waterways commission in Europe shows that the existence of a waterway by no means assures truffle unless there Is traffic adapted to water carriage at <dieap rates at one end or the other of the stream. It also appears In Europe thnt the depth of the streams is rarely more than six feet, and never more than nine. But It Is certain that enormous quantities of merchandise are transported over the rivers and canals In Germany and France and England, and It is also certain that the existence of such meth ods of traffic materially affects the rates which the railroads charge, and It Is the best regulator of those rates that we have, not even excepting the govern mental regulation through the Interstate commerce commission. For thla reason. I hope that this congress will take such steps that It may he called the Inaugu rator of the new system of Inland water ways. For reasons which It is not nec essary here to state, congress has seen fit to order an Investigation Into the In terior department and the forest service of the agricultural department. The re sults of that Investigation nre not needed to determine the value of. and the ne cessity for. the new legislation which I have recommended In respect to the pub lic lands and In respect to reclamation. I earnestly urge that the measures be tak en up and disposed of promptly without awaiting the Investigation which has been determined upon. WILLIAM H. TAFT. A Bird’s Savings Bank. In California (he woodpecker stores acorns away, although he never eats them He bores several holes, differ ing slightly In size, at the fall of the year. Invariably In a pine tree. Then he And an acorn, which he adjusts to one of the holes prepared for Its re ception. But he does not eat the acorn, for. as a rule, he is not a vegetarian. Hla object Is storing away the acorns ex hibits foresight and a knowledge of results more akin to reason than to instinct. The succeeding winter the acorns remain Intact, but. becoming saturated, are predisposed to decay, when they are attacked by maggots, which seem to delight In this special food. It Is than that the woodpecker reaps the harvest his wisdom has pro vided. at a time when, the ground be ing covered with snow, he would ex perience a difficulty otherwise In ob taining suitable or palatable food His “Penitentiary Den.” "And now I must show you what I call my penitentiary den." said a popu lar author. "This." he continued, na he drew open a door, "Is where I oc casionally spend an hour or so when I am developing symptoms of that by no means uncommon malady among suc cessful men called ‘swelled head ’ " The room was a charming little snuggery about seven feet square, the only remarkable feature of which was the wall-covering. "If you look close ly." explained the host, "you will see that my wall paper consists, on two sides of the rom. of those too-famlllar and unwelcome printed fortna on which editors express their regrets at declining one‘a pet manuscripts." Zoological Puzzle. Italian zoologists have a puzzle to solve, owing to the dtscovery on Mount Blanc of the body of a white bear, which haa been brought to Aosta. It was thought at first that the bear must have died some three hundred years ago, and must have been pre served by the Ice. alnee It haa always been held that white bears vanished from the Alps three centuries ago. But It has aince been demonstrated that death could only have taken place a few days previous to discovery. At this would seem to show that there are still white bears In the Alps, ex peditions are to be sent to test the theory. Tooly Lural! "How far Is It between these two towns?" asked the lawyer. "About four miles as the flow cries." replied the witness. "You mean as the cry flows." "No.” put In the Judge, "he means as the fly crows." And they all looked at each other, feeling that something was wrong.— Everybody's Magazine. Carver of Figureheads. William Southworth. the city's old est wood carver, died the other day at the age of S 3 years He estimated, only a short time before bis death, that he had made carvings for more than 500 vessels His principal worK was the carving of figureheads for vessels, this beln*; o lucrative and im portant occupation at one time, until the rise of commercialism blotted out the poetic significance of these models.—Bath Correspondence of Lew iston (Me.) journal. Hints For Hostess TIMELY SUGGESTIONS « for Those Planning Seasonable Entertainments A Thimble. Party. Since sewing is again classed among the fine arts, thimble parties are much in favor for afternoon entertain ments The hostess sends her card with day and date written thereon, with a needle threaded with some gay-col ored silk thrust through one corner. After the guests have arrived and an hour or more of merry chat, with comparison of work baa past, cards bearing the following words are hand ed to each with a pencil and the re quest to straighten out the seemingly unintelligible conglomeration into good words, the objects described being in common every-day use. After a limited time, the cards are to be collected and compared with the key, which is kept secret by the hostess. No help is allowed and each guest Is to work out her own problem. A dainty prize is given to the one who succeeds in transposing the most words, also a consolation prize to the one having the least. Such dainty trifles as work bags, embroidery, scis sors. emery, needle cases, etc., make the appropriate prizes. Refresh--* ments, elaborate or simple, may be served. Ices and creams frozen in molds to represent thimbles, spools, and emeries are a pretty conceit, but expensive. Bewlng Intricacies. 1. Nips—pins. 2. Raduth—thread. 5. Keasnetcmap— tape measure. 4. B< - oaalos—scissors. 6. Bllmeth—thimble. 6. l-'aelden—needles. 7. Hopao—hoops. 8. Kutd—duck. 8. Tubnot— button. 10. Reyme—emery. 1L Wltst-twlat. 11 Dblra—braid. 11 Kelln—linen. It. Stork be daw—work basket. 15. Tonoct—cotton. 16. Evetvlene—velveteen. 17. Kblnnawhe— whalebones. 19. Pcelanlre—percs line. 20. To Ustet—stiletto. 21. Bald girl arm—darning ball. Neckwe To-Day UCH of the new neckwear la made of mull of the sheerest and daintiest variety, combined with lace. Irish crochet (and M": Its very clever Imitation), cluny and imitation cluny are the fashionable laces. Nothing Is prettier than the hand crochet and tatting for pretty neckpieces, and these provide fascin ating pick-up work, which Is more use ful than doing nothing. A revival of tatting may be looked for, and those who have a shuttle should bring It out and and take up oace more this work, which Is really a recreation. In order to fulflll the requirements of elegance, neckwear should be wash able. Pieces are most successful when they can be easily taken apart, laundered properly, and put together again. These dainty web pieces should be made by hand. Laces are to be whipped to narrow rolled or hem stitched hems. The mull should be well woven and possess a little stiff ness. When the pieces are laundered. they require some starch, very thin and clear. Some neckwear is made of silk ribbon In the form of stocks and turn- A Curio Party. Ask each guest to bring some ob ject of interest and be prepared to re late its history. It is astonishing what an interesting evening will be the result For Instance, a sword cap tured during the rebellion, a lace handkerchief belonging to Marie An toinette, a piece from an old battle flag, a tile from an old Texas mission, curious pieces of lottery. Jewelry, an old book, etc. Nearly every one has something which would contribute to wards making a delightful and in structive entertainment. Almost Too Pretty. Almost tqo beautiful to realize at a glance are the rare beauties of the embroideries introduced on the gauze and crepe de chine evening gowns. The mingling of crystal and silver bugles with aluminum thread and mock stones, such as topaz, sapphire, emerald and oftentimes great cabocb on, disclose a wealth of artistic In spiration. The most cherished of these evening confections are simple In the extreme, although, perhaps, a trifle disposed to be outre in the mat A Bathroom Shower. A bathroom shower was gotten up really as a joke on a young girl and her fiance, but who were known to be addicted to water, fellow swimmers and advocates of cold water plunges, so when the engagement was an nounced one of the crowd said. "Well, the only thing ‘Polly' will I appreciate will be a bathroom shower.” The result was a most i Jolly evening, for the men were in cluded. As the couple were to go Into a new house, the soap dishes, towel racks, etc., were most acceptable, be sides towels, soap, sponges, bath powder, toilet water, wash cloths and a fine big hamper for soiled linen, tied with tremendous bows of white ‘ribb'jn. The souvenirs were doll wash tubs, boards, etc., which were used or the refreshment table. MADAME MERRI. Fancies of Fashion The army cape and overcoat are “ fashionable wraps for late fall days. Velveteen is a fashionable and prac tical material for the long dressy coat. Prune-colored cloth, with long ties and gold ornaments make a handsome theater cloak. Black still indicates that it means to rule in tailor as well as in after noon gowns. New winter materials are rough for street and crepe and dull finished for the house. Stripes prevail in the latest French flannels, and some of them are highly effective. Colors are the same In names as last year, but this season they are of duller hues. Every well-fitted wardrobe will have a black suit or costume of some sort this season. over collars or ruches are worn with their ties and bows of velvet ribbon are worn with stiff collars and there are some pieces of silk and lace, oth ers of chiffon and velvet ribbon, not intended for washing. The best of neckwear, however, is washable, and it is a lady's work to wash them for one’s self. Fine embroideries afe used, as well as lace. In combination with sheer mulls. Hand embroidery, it goes with out saying, is most beautiful. Little buckles make a pretty fin ish for some pieces, and tiny pearl but tons are used on others, sometimes with a pearl buckle. Little balls and bells of crochet make the prettiest fin ish for those pieces made of Irish lace. Cluny lace should be chosen for neck pieces which are to be worn with tailored gowns and apt to need frequent laundering. Good neckwear Is an expensive item, if one must buy It ready made. But with time to make It, any woman may furnish her own supply of these pretty accessories which do much to ward completing the toilet and giving that neatness and finish which be speak elegance. ter of the decolletage, which is usu ally of the flimsiest description, as are also the incidental sleeves, these grow ing smaller and smaller and beautiful ly less. On the decorative beauties of the metal-embroidered net one could write a tome. And these are rapidly super seding tucked chiffon and lace for the still inevitable liUle chemisette. Baby Pillow at its Best. White swiss or mull is successful material for the covering of the baby pillow when transparency is an ob ject. Linen, although of a sheer qual ity, will often conceal the colored cover beneath. One of the best swiss pillow covers has been sewn up each side and left open at each end, where it was scal loped and provided with eyelets two Inches from the extreme edges for ribbons, which held the back and front together and the rose colored silk pillow inside. The ribbons used are narrow and white and to each corner of the pil low is attached a rosettelike bow of wider ottoman ribbon. The young man with a slender sal ary should choose for his bride a young woman of small waste. ' Many a rich man, in bringing up his son, seems ambitious of making what Aaron made—a golden calf. “Have you heard my last speech?” asked a political haranguer of a wit. “I sincerely hope so,” was the reply. It takes a wise man to Bit afill and run a farm. Old-time cowboys to the number of seventy met in the office of Cattle In spector Charles Hartman at Denver and formed an association which will ereafter hold a reunion during every stock show in Denver. It will be known as the Cowboys’ reunion. The only qualification for membership is that the applicant shall have served on range prior to 1890 and shall be white. Eugene Williams of Greeley is presi dent; Mark Beethan, vice president, and Charles Hartmann, secretary and treasurer. GOOD SEEDS MAKE GOOD GAR DENS. Seeds of the best quality are apt to fall through improper treatment, by sowing the seed too deep or too shal low ; in too wet or too dry soil. Seeds differ greatly as to temperature re quired for germination. Some will germinate rapidly at a certain tem perature, while others, if sown under the same conditions, are apt to decay, and for these reasons it is imperative that great care and judgment be exer cised in selecting seeds, planting and caring for your crops. Be sure that you select your seeds early to avoid possible delay in get ting your order delivered, and also to fortify yourself against any possible rise in prices, which is sure to come to the late purchaser. Seeds for west ern planting must be particularly adapted to this climate, altitude and conditions. The large seed houses, such as the Barteldes company of Denver, have experts constantly test ing and grading their output, so as to Improve the quality wherever possible. There is no question of doubt but that the splendid record the Rocky Moun tain country is making in yield per acre is due in no small degree to the fine quality of acclimated seeds that are being so generally used. Giving It Away. “A woman Just can’t keep a secret,'* he declared, opposing a statement. "Oh, I don’t know,” contradicted the fluttery lady. *Tve kept my age a secret ever since I was twenty-four.” “Yes,” he replied, “but one of these days you will give it away. In time, you will Jdst simply have to tell It.’* “Well,” she replied with confidence, “I think when a woman has kept a secret for twenty years, she comes pretty near knowing how to keep it.” —Philadelphia Ledger. Bobby Stands Reproved. Little Bobby's Ma —Joslah, Bobby has been using slang again today. Little Bobby’s Pa—Now, see here, kid! You’ve got to cut it out! I won't stand for It! See? —Browning’s Maga zine. “A BQUARE LOOK INTO ETER NITY.” An astounding book. To the point. By mall fl.oo. J. C. Jensen, 405 Charles Block, Denver, Colo. Quantity, Not Quality. Teacher —Willie, have you whis pered today without permission? Willie—Yes, ma’am, wunst. Teacher —Johnnie, should Willie have said “wunst”? Johnnie (triumphantly) No. ma’am; he should have said “twict.” —Brooklyn Life. A man who is serving a life sen tence in an Ohio prison has written a book —probably to demonstrate the power of the pen. DENVER DIRECTORY A $4O Saddle for > $30c.0.d. M For * «hort time only »* off*r this •addle. ■ »»*! ‘ In-hr,. *' rrii|- •I •*' -r • " •"•'1 •tlr j rup« «»rnni*-1 In •»- !)■ I I I Tfc* rr.l Hi.ll.f 1 V I Saddle* Haras «sCa A A f 1413-MIS Ijtrlm-r It, bram. Col*. non I 1 nnr in «ll kinds of MRS OUR I.LUUk riIAXIUMK. Mammtth nU log n ailed free. Cor. 14th and iilake. Denver. BUGS 6 LINOLEUM *t Whnlwalt price, W* pay the freight. Heat catalog In Dtnvtr mailed free. THE HOLCOMB 4 HART ysSJffij; RAW FURS price list and tag*. Highest price* paid and uturactory return*. I.OTZ HI DK * WOOL CO. CaU. traatoa*. I*. Ba*M City, a a f "erfect ROOFS UO9RLI IM t; WL STERN k^^f^&lKiAirimi.Konr no C" . Denver. I K-l.lUt.le Mid* If ■ linur d*i er doe* not W-B 1 W handle, write us direct. THE M. J. O’FALLON SUPPLY CO WHOLESALE Plumbing: ami Steam Goods Boilers and radiators for heating resi dences and public bulldlnga. General steam and water works supplies; pipe and flttinga. pumps and windmill* Brass pipe, sewer pipe, cement, garden hose, fire hose. etc. Inquire for our special pipe cutting toola. Write fer genera! Information OFFICE 1514 WYN KOOP ST.. DENVER. COLORADO. PIANOS M If you Intend to buy a Plano this fall get this offer **w. Save $lOO to $l6O. l iberal Payment Plan. THE KXIUHT CAMPHK.I.I. MUSIC CO, Denver, the West's oldest and largest music house. Established 1574. B. E. BURLINGAME & CO, ISSM OFFICE Established in Colorado,lB66. Samples by mail or express will receive prompt and carefnlat tent ion Sold &Silfirßiilloa *•••»•« eOHCENTH*TIOII, tloYXil& CYANIDE TESTS N». to .«loei lot. n rite for terms -1735-I7s> Lawrence St.. Denver, Coin. HOWARD E. BURTON, ASSAYER 4 CHEMIST LKAOVILLK. COLORADO Specimen prices: Gold, silver, lead. 41; gold, sliver. 74c; gold, 60c; sine or copper. 41. Mailing envelopes and full prlc* Hat seat on application. Control and umpire work *o •cited. Reference. Carbonate National Bank.