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Forthcoming Vacation HE quaint little community of Beverly, Mass.. Is pretty certain to enjoy the dis tinction of ranking ns the "summer capital" of the United States bo long as William H. Taft Is presi dent. The Tnfts chose the lit Uo seashore resort for a vacation retreat for the first summer of the present —ll f BBSS IffiillliillJ administration somewhat an an experi ment. No member of the family had previously uiieut much time on the famed ‘North shore" of Massachusetts and consequently they were obliged to accept InrgHy on Imartmy Its claim a to pre-emlucnce as un Ideal summer playground. However, after thoir first Heaton at this pleasuro domain the White lloubc household was more than enthusiastic regarding the local ity and forthwith decided to return there In future summers, lienee the action of the president In extending his lease on the cottage he occupies at HnrgesH Point. For a decade and a half prior to the election of William H. Taft as presi dent. the present occupants of the White House, together with the mem bers of all the other branches of the very numerous Taft imnlly, had been wont to gather each summer at Mur- FFO/OF/YCF OF JOHHH/tYxJ HAMWnOX ray |:a)r, Ontario, a plcturnsqne resort «>ii the north bank of the St. Lawrence rlvei They hnve not, to this day, lost any of their n(Tedlnn for the hamlet that was so long the rendezvous of the Ta#t clan, but Murray Hoy Is. of course. In Canada, and the president Is not supposed to go beyond the bor ders of the United States, even for a vacation. This put up to the president and the first lady of the land the problem of selecting a new summer domicile. That the North shore of Massachu setts was chosen was largely due to the Influence of Mbs Mabel Itoardman. the well known Red Cross leader, and Mrs Taft’s closest personal friend The Hoardm.ins have long had a sum uier home at Manchester by-tbe-So.i. which Is but a few unties from Heteily and Miss Hoardman. like bet parents. Is more than enthusiastic re gai.llng this "summer colony belt." she accom panied Mrs Taft on a house hunting expedition hi>t spring, and was her chief ad riser in the se lection of the roomy frnrae cottage which was finally chosen as the "summer White House." tine factor In the satisfaction of tho Tafts, and an Influence in the decision to return to Beverly this summer. Is found In the circumstance that this vacation retreat proved beneficial to Mrs. Taft it may be remembered that Mrs. Taft broke down in health only a few weeks before tho time set for the departure of the family for their sum ni i home. When the physicians prescribed abso lute quiet some of the friends of the mistress of the White House were dubious as to the effect of I loverly, for although the town Is a quiet enough «omtuiinify, tho whole North shore of Massachu- Spurred by the efforts of Miss Georgia Frazer a descendant of an old revolutionary family, and Charles M Higgins, a wealthy manufacturer of Pros pc 11 Park West, Brooklyn, the city authori ties ate taking steps to acqttlre for the erection of n suitable monument and a children's play ground the plot of ground covering two city blocks on which part of the battle of Ixmg Island was fought in the Revolutionary war on August 27. I7if» Tho plot is located between Third and Fifth streets and Fourth and Fifth avenues. Brooklyn, and there are now only about ten houses on the entire plot, which la owned by the Litchfield estate. The rest of the land Is vacant. Directly behind the row of houses In Fifth ave nue. between Third and Fourth streets, stands an oh! willow tree, marking the site of the old Stone blouse at Uowanus, where an Important engage ment between the Ilrltlsh and Americans was fought The Americans, although Inferior in num bers, dislodged the British troops from the old Slone house, which was used as a fort, and as a result Washington was able to cross the East river with his army, thus saving the patriots from utter annihilation and virtually deciding the coun try's ftte. The old Stone house of Gowanus Is not visible now and very few of the present generation know anything about It. The plot where It stands was very low—much lower than the surrounding places—and It became a dumping ground. As a result the historic house has been buried by 16 feet of earth. A willow tree which stood at the entrance to the old house was also buried, but from its branches rose another willow tree, which is still standing, and it is because of this Eggs of Various Birds Ostriches lay the largest eggs of all birds now extant, according to a wri ter in the Scientific American, but the ostrich’s egg would have appeared amall beside that extinct Madagascar frlrd. tho epyoruls, which measured coore than 30 inches in its smallest circumference. The smallest birds’ eggs are those of the minute species .«* humming birds, which are smaller BY WALDON FAWCETT TSf/r m r>f?/vATr afacm" at ArYrRLY: STA&tS. leaders so that a "summer capital" quickly springs Into existence as a setting for a "summer White Houre." However, all misgivings to the contrary, Mrs Taft was enabled to enjoy a thoroughly quiet and restful summer at Beverly, and this program will be repeated this season, for the health of the first lady of the land continues anything but ro bust. The Taft cottage being located on a point of land and surrounded by water on three sides. Is well located with reference to quiet, and also for the securing of the sea breezes which have proven Mrs. Taft's best tonic. On the land side the house Is located only about a hundred yards from a trolley line, but It Is well screened by trees, and the fact that the cottage may be approached by land from only one direction makes it a com paratively simple matter for the secret service men to intercept unwelcome callers. President Taft has planned for the summer of Where Men Fought and Fell treo that the movement to uncover the old house and erect a lasting monument to the defenders of the country who fell there has received such an Impetus. Mr. Higgins, who. although of Irish extraction. Is an ardent American patriot, was touched by the survival of the old willow and looked upon It ns a mute appeal to those now living to remember the men who fought and died that the country might become free forever. His attention was called to the spot by a book written by Miss Fra zer In which she gives the history of the old Stone house at Gowanus. Miss Frazer's attention was first called to the house by a painting executed by I.ouls Grube in 1846 at the order of George An derson. her granduncle. Miss Frazer spent her girlhood at the home of her uncle. Thomas Easton of Newport. R. 1., to whom the painting had been sent, and she took a great Interest in the picture and the story attached to 1L At a dinner given recently by the Prospect Heights’ Citizens' association at which Mayor Gaynor, who is a neighbor, was present, Mr. Hig gins aroused the enthusiasm of the gathering by his appeal for the restoration of the old Stone house and the consecration of the plot sur rounding It to the memory of the revolutionary heroes who fell there. He said it was a patriotic shame that the his toric spot should have been neglected so long Mayor Gaynor. Borough President Steers and oth er officials who were at the dinner let It be known that they were In favor of the restoration of the old Stone house, and the board of estimate Is ex pected to make an appropriation for the purpose in the near future. than the eggs of certain kinds of tropical beetles. But the cuckoo lays the relatively smallest egg. That is to say, while the Jackdaw and the cuckoo are about equal ih size, the former's egg la five or six times larger than the latter's. The fact that the cuckoo Is wont to deposit its eggs In the nests of birds which are usually much smaller than Itself doubtless ac PPZ6/DF/VT FAFTg> r/n'oji/rjr Aforor? h/g/yway^ KSI/A/Afr/? S/QAtS OF FjYF FKFG/OF/rr setts Is a very lively place socially In Rum mer. even rivaling New port in that respect, and the migration of a presi dent to n rummer resort Is always followed by the transfer of many of the diplomatic establish ments from Washington, to say nothing of the In flux of ambitious social 1910 a much longer and more restful vacation than hn was abb* to enjoy last year, when. It may be re called, the extra session of congress nnd the fight over the ta: Iff kept him In Washington until well Into Augurt. The president hopes to get to Bever ly early In June, and with the exception of occa sional trips, r ostly to nearby points, will remain there throughout the heated term. A year ago the president planned to devote most of the summer of 1910 to a trip to Alaska—a Journey that would have far surpassed In point of time consumed and num ber of miles traveled, the famous transcontinental golf links The courses In the vicinity of Beverly Include rome of the finest and also some of the most difficult In the country, and the chief magis trate's summer program calls for three or four hours of golf every day. He will not lack for worthy partners and opponents either. His espe cial chum "Jack" Hammond and W. J. Boardman, have cottages nearby; his brother, C. P. Taft of Cincinnati, also a golfer, has leased a cottage on North shore, to bo near his brother this summer, and he will also have with him Capt. Archibald Butt, who In addition to serving as the president's military aide can likewise always be drafted for a golf game. Next to golf the president takes delight In motoring on the magnificent roads of the North shore—perhaps the finest in America. Several of the White House automobiles are transferred to Beverly, and these place the president within easy reach of three or four different golf courses. counts for this. The relatively largest egg is laid by the kiwi, a strange, wingless New Zealand bird. The egg Is no less than five inches long, al though the extreme length of the bird Itself is only twenty-seven Inches. Teaching Women Responsibility. Princess Ingeborg. a member of the Swedish royal family. Is among the most regular of the 800 women who have been attending the course of lec tures given In Stockholm under the direction of the Swedish Women's Na Miss Frazer, who Is very modest about her con nection with the matter, told a reporter how she came to discover the site of the old Stone house “After much research." said she, "I found a bronze tablet that had been erected many years ago on the front of the two-story brick house that stands at the corner of Fifth avenue and Third street. It was almost hidden by grime, and In the shadow of the “L." It contains this Inscrip tion under a picture of a battle field: “Here on the 27th of August, 1776, 250 out of 400 brave Maryland soldiers under the command of Lord Stirling were killed In combat with British troops under Lord Corn wallis.’’ "I found that the old Stone house around which the battle was fought, and which was also called the Cortolyou house, had been burled under 16 feet of earth, nobody knowing that It was famous 75 years before the battle of Long Island was fought In and around ft. It was built In 1699 by Nicholas Vechte, a Dutch colonist, and In 1790 It passed to the Cortelyous, the price being $12,500. In 1846 the Lltchfields, who now own It. bought the property from the Cortelyous. It stood on the banks of a brook emptying Into Gowanus creek. 15 or 20 feet below the present street level, and was famous as the largest and most substantial house on Long island at the time. "The spot became a city dumping ground, and in 1546 only the upper part of it was visible. Some one took away the Iron brace that supported the roof and the roof fell In. Gradually It was cov ered up entirely, but I believe that when It la unearthed the lower portion of the house will be found in a good state of preservation.” tlonal Suffrage association. The lec tures aro Intended to prepare women for their new responsibilities under the new municipal law which makes them eligible as town and county councillors. Though the women of Sweden have long had the municipal vote, they are now for the first time eligible to office. The total number of patents Issued in all countries which thus protec: their Inventors from the earliest tim* to December 1, 1909, was 2,999,433. WATER BY FURROWS Method Adopted When Distribu tion by Flumes Is Too Costly. Spouts Made by Nailing Together Four Lath and Set in Bank of Ditch Method Reduces Cost of Irrigation. When flumes are considered too costly the water is distributed among the furrows through wooden spouts set in the bank of an ordinary earth en ditch. These head ditches when in operation are divided into a series of level spaces by means of drop hoses which hold the surface of the watei at the desired elevation. The spacing of these drop boxes depends on the grade of the head ditch and their cost averages about $2.50 each. Spouts are made usually by nailing together four lath. There is a special lath on the market somewhat heavier than the ordinary one used for plastering build ings, being 0.5 inch thick, two inches wide, and three feet long. Four of these when nailed together cost about 3.5 cents and each spout in place costs about 6.5 cents. Assuming that they are spaced four feet apart the spouts for a square tract of ten acres would cost $10.73, or slightly more than $1 per acre. The cost of an ordinary head ditch, with four drops or check boxes, would be about sls for the same tract, or $2.50 per acre for both, exclusive of grading, smoothing and leveling. Tin tubes, 0.5 Inch in diameter, one to each furrow, have sometimes been used instead of the wooden tubes. When set 0.5 inch be low the w’ater surface each tube dis charges about 0.1 miner’s inch, which is about right for a slope of three per cent. The tubes are set while the water is In tho ditch and are kept at the same level between check boxes. The cost of tin tubes two feet long is about $3 per hundred. In many places neither flumes nor tubes are used. Water is taken through cuts in the ditch bank and divided among the furrows as evenly as possible by di recting it with the shovel. This prac tise reduces the cost of preparing the land for irrigation, but It increases the cost of applying water, and does not secure an even distribution among' the furrows. Furrows in alfalfa fields are most commonly made by the use of a marker, or furrowing sled. Sleds with more than two runners are sometimes used, reducing the time required for furrowing, but not producing quite so satisfactory furrows, since an ob struction under one of the outside run ners will lift all but the other outside runner out of the ground and leave obstructions In the furrows, which. If not removed, will cause the flooding of the surface. Sometimes n marker is put on the sled to Indicate the plnce for the next furrow. "swing around tho circle" in which Taft Indulged dur ing the autumn of 1909. However, va rious influences, primarily the state <> i Mrs. Taft’s health have caused the presi dent to abandon this Alaska trip, and ho will rest quietly at Beverly 1 save for visits to fairs, conventions, etc., none of which will consume more than a few days. The president Is planning a very busy and beneficial summer on the CROP GOOD FOR THREE YEARS Alfalfa Dot* Not Do Well After That Length of Time—Requires Much Water. Alfalfa does not do well after the third year. This is chiefly due to the height at which the ground water is kept during the spring and summer months. Then, too, the soil is lack ing In humus. Theso conditions have led the farmers to grow alfalfa on a tract for two or three years and then to turn the alfalfa under and raise grain, sugar beets aud potatoes for the next three years. Under this rotation the yields per acre on well managed farms nre 40 to 60 bushels of wheat, 75 to 110 bushels of oats. 50 to 90 bußhels of barley. 300 to 500 bushels of potatoes. 15 to 20 tons of beets and 4 to 6 tons of alfalfa. The land sells for SIOO to $l5O an acre. Alfalfa requires more .cater than most crops. This is readily accounted for by the character of the plant, the number of crops produced In one sea son. and the heavy tonnage obtained. As a result of careless practise there is a lack of uniformity in the quantity of water used, the volumes applied frequently being far in excess of the needs of the crop. The majori ty of the records collected and pub lished by the office show a yearly duty of water for alfalfa ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 feet in depth over the surface, while in quite a large number of cases the volumes applied would have cov ered the area irrigated to depths of 6 to 15 feet. From a large number of measure ments made on the duty of water it is possible to select some that possess great value, since they indicate what can be accomplished with a given quantity of water. ONE GAIN OF CHECK METHOD Chief Advantage Is One Man Can At tend to Large Volume of Wa ter —Other Factors. The chief advantage of the check method is that one man can attend to a large volume of water and can irri gate 7 to 15 acres in ten hours, making the cost of applying water less than by any other method except the border method. To counterbalance this Im portant gain, there are several disad vantages which western farmers ought to consider. These are the removal of a considerable quantity of surface soil to form the levees, which fre quently decreases the yield on the graded spots; the extra cost of pre paring the land; the damage done to farm implements in crossing levees; and the fact that this method is not well adapted to a rotation of crops. Pineapple cheese is a hard rennet cheese made from whole cow's milk. The cheese is quite hard and is rather highly colored. The early process of manufacture is the same as with Cheddar, except that it is cooked much harder. The curd is pressed in the desired shape, in various sizes up to six pounds in weight. After pressing, the cheese is dipped for a few minutes In water at 120 degrees and Is then put in a net for 24 hours, which gives it the diamond-shaped corrugations on the surface. It requires several months to ripen, and during this time the surface is rubbed with oil, which makes It very smooth and hard. Pineapple Cheese. CUCUMBER THRESHING IS NEW Modern Farming Methdds That Have Come Into Western Country With Irrigation. In western states, where most vine crops grow to perfection on the irri gated lands, hundreds of acres of cu cumbers, cantaloupes and watermelons are reserved for seed by seed com panies and by farmers who grow them for the seed houses. It is a common sight from October to December to see the seed threshers in the fields of cucumbers and melons threshing them for their seed. The growing of cucumbers for seed is considered very profitable, and oft en the owner clears from SIOO to $ 15C an acre, as the seed brings $1 to $2 a pound. While the cucumbers might be sold to canning factories, many farmers prefer to let them remain for the seed, as the expense of gathering Is not so great, the income an acre being about as much. The threshing costs a reasonable amount. Tho cucumbers are grown In rows six feet apart both ways, and the seeds are planted the last of April or the first of May. After the plants come through the ground they are hoed and irrigated, the furrows for the water running lengthwise with the rows and close to the hills. A cul tivator Is used to stir the soil and keep it mellow until the vines are running well between the rows, then the cultivation ceases. The cucumbers are piled together. The cucumber thresher is built on a wagon-like frame, supported by great wide wheels and drawn by two horses. At the rear of the machine is stationed a little two-horse-power gasoline engine which operates the machinery of the thresher. Just in front of the engine is the crusher that looks like a common cider mill. It contains two iron rollers, moving to gether and crushing the cucumbers m they pass between. Against the crusher sits the framework containing the seeder. The cucumbers pass from the crush er into this large cylindrical seeder, which sits horizontally. The outer surface of the seeder Is a wire netting with meshes large enough to permit the seeds to drop through into the vat below, but retaining the crushed cu cumbers. The front end of the cylin der being lower than the rear, the cu cumbers aro rolled slowly forward by Its revolutions until they drop out at the horses’ heels. When the vat beneath the cylinder is filled with seeds a seed box Is drawn on a low sled to the opening at the side of the machine, and the seeds are allowed to run out a spout Into It. The threshing proceeds, aud the seeds nre hauled away to a place where they are thoroughly washed from all foreign matter and spread out on screening wire inclosed In frames to dry. IRRIGATED DRY FARM GARDEN Limited Amount of Ground Can Be Profitably Watered by Means of Wind Mills. Tests made by the United States government experiment stations have shown that a limited amount of ground can be profitably Irrigated by means of wind mills and reservoirs, or by pumps worked by gasoline or other engines. As the dry farmer Is, as a rule, dependent npon wells for his wa ter supply, he should, by all means, supplement bis farming with a garden of from one to five acres, for which a pumping plant of sufficient reservoir capacity can be put In place for a mod erate sum. The government experi ments have shown that there Is a good profit In gardening under these condi tions, and by application to the United States irrigation Investigations depart ment, Cheyenne, Wyo.. those Inter ested can secure pamphlets giving the results of experiments and compara tive statements as to cost and effi ciency of the different makes of wind mills and gasoline engines used In demonstrations. POULTRY NOTES. Skimmed milk added to mash will give good results. Let it be remembered that the fowls need plenty of fresh, clean drinking water at all times. Flat perches are more comfortable than round ones and will prevent crooked breast bones. Perches In the poultry house should be far enough from the doors and win dows to be out of all drafts. Pullets should be at least ten months old before they are mated, and only with rigorous males. Throat trouble and lung diseases In fowls can often be prevented by pla- j cing a piece of alum in the drinking water. Never feed growing chicks Intended for layers an excess of food, but fur nish them a variety, including plenty of green stuff and mineral matter to ! build frame. Damp foul coops are unwholesome places for chickens to stay in. Clean them once a week, Uiera and throw In dry road dust. If the poultry bouse la damp, it is a sure sign that the ventilation is faulty. A damp poultry house Is a disease-breeder. Look to the ventila tion. If you shut up your hens and ex pect them to keep right on laying Just the same you will have to supply them with a generous feed of many kinds. Keep Alfalfa Healthy. It is my opinion that Increased fer tility of the soil and stirring the baked surface with disk or renovator will keep alfalfa plants healthier, stronger and more resistant to drought, snys a writer in Field nnd Farm. Another potent factor in keeping nlfaira fields healthy is the time and mnnner of Irrl gating. Whenever possible the field should be Irrigated at night or In tho cool of the day. Of courso on largo farms this rule will be Impossible to follow but even on largo farms wo rnn make the night run go a long way if we tend to it. Care in Feeding Hogs. Never feed more than the hogs will eat up cleanly. Many farmers do not practice this, but keep a quantity of unclean feed lying around tho lot at all times. Never Vary in Quality or Taste , Because the utmost care is taken by Libby’s Chefs to select only the choicest materials and prepare them in the same careful manner every time. You are thus assured of uni form goodness, and this is the reason that the use of Libby's gives such general satisfaction to' every housewife. Try Libby j Dried Beef Mexican Tamales Ham Loaf Chili con Carne , Vienna Sansage Evaporated Milk For luncheon, spreads or everyday meals they are just the thing. Keep a supply in the house. You never can 'tell when they will come in handy. Ask IN HIGH SOCIETY First Burglar—l’ve been in the very best houses in town. Second Burglar—l am much sought after myself. For the Critics. Creston Clark, whose untimely death at Asheville robbed America of a serious and capable actor, was somewhat impatient of criticism. To a Philadelphia critic he once said: “You chaps are unwilling to accept a man for what he is. You want to change him to your own taste. But each of you has a different taste. To whose inclination, then, is he to bend? “No. no! Take the artist for what he is. That is the right critical atti tude. Don’t be like the farm urchin I once saw—an urchin who, as he stoned a frog to death, repeated se verely : " Til l’arn ye to be a toad.’ ’* Old Men in Responsibility. The American business system, which gives mere boys responsible po sitions before they hnve acquired prac tical experience. Is to an Knglishman quite unaccountable. He wonders whether It docs not cause reckless trading and wild speculation. In other countries they prefer to keep elderly men in responsible positions because they can be depended upon. Messrs. Dyke & Sons, Somerset, Fngland. em ploy 66 men. More than half have com pleted 30 years’ service. 20 have been there 40 years, nine over 50 years and one 70 years. What He Knew. "You can tell me the names of the twelve apostles. Sam?" said the pret ty Sunday school teacher one morn ing. Sam’s face fell, and he shifted his weight from one foot to the other. "Can’t do It. ma’am." he said, sor rowfully; and then his eyes bright ened; "but I can call off all of the pitchers in the league teams." he vol unteered.— Harper's Magazine. We arc our best when we try to be It not for ourselves alone, but for our brethren - Phillips Brooks. A Breakfast Joy— Sweet, Criap, Golden-Brown Post Toasties Heady to serve from the package with cream —no cooking necessary. "The Memory Lingers” 10c ui 15c. ruSTim CEREAL CO.. Ltd., battle Creek. Mich.