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The Lamar Register
VOLUMB XXIX. LAMAR CELEBRATES Twenty-ninth Birthday and Installa tion of Lamar Lodge No. 1319 B. P. O. E. Monday was the big day in Umar and the town wore more gala attire than at any time since the Rama! day celebration of the establishment of the Helvetia Condensery here. The occasion this time was the 29th anni versary of the birth of the town, but the principal cause for the decorations and the jubilee was the installation of an Elks lodge here. Lamar has at last become familiar with anniversary celebrations although still a fairly new city, but every place cannot have an Elks lodge and our citizens were considerably enthused over that event. Nearly all the business houses of the town were well decorated with the Elks colors, purple and white, and there was a large number of elk and deer heads and a few goats used in some of the most attractive windows. The proceedings began witfi the arrival of the I*a Junta delegation on Train No. 8 at 12:30, and a big pro cession of visiting and home Elks led by the Lamar band marched to the anuory where a big dinner had been prepared for the visitors. It was a feast where no expense had been spared to see that all were hospitably treated, and that the visitors might know the baby lodge was worthy of an order devoted to hospitality and charity. After dinner they repaired to the lodge room in the Fraternal Temple, where the crack La Junta team spent the afternoon in branding and dec orating with horns a class of twenty candidates. There were encugh “friends" among the already branded Elks in Umar to see that each of the new member* got everything that was coming to him and then some. This part of the program occupied the entire afternoon, and at its close an other big spread was served at the Armory. The evening was spent in institut ing the new lodge and installing the officers, and after these ceremonies the time until the arrival of the 2:30 train was spent in a social good time, and the visitors were accompanied to the train by the entire membership of the new baby lodge. While the Grand Lodge limited the charter membership to fifty so that only a limited number of candidates could get in, there is a long list of petitioners on file which will keep the new officers busily at work for some months before the rush is over. It is probable w’hen the work already cut out is completed it will be the largest lodge of the town and one of the strongest ones of the state. The question of a home for the new lodge will be one of the first to be solved as the Fraternal Temple is already too crowded to make satisfactory ar rangements for the new order. The day marked the successful con clusion of the efforts of several of the most enthusiastic local Elks, who have been hard at work for several years to secure this lodge, and they are feeling correspondingly elated. It is a great order with a noble pur pose, and Lamar is to be congratulat ed that there will be a home of the great organization located here. The visiting members were given the free dom of the city and both they and I,a mar seemed pleased with all the pro gram. The officers and membership of La mar Lodge No. 1319 are as follows: Officers Exalted Ruler, C. R. Strain. Esteemed Leading Knight, C. C. Huddleston. Esteemed Loyal Knight, J. A. Rourke. Esteemed Lecturing Knight, A. C. Mitchell. Esquire, H. J. Johnson. Chaplain, A. C. Gordon. Tyler, H. W. Traxler. Treasurer, R. E. Adams. Secretary, Walter DeWitt. Inner Guard, Fred Lee. Trustees, F. H. Kelsey, M. L. Con well, Leon Butler, W. F. McCue. House Committee, F. W. Sayler, W. THE PIONEER NEWSPAPER OF PROWERS COUNTY LAMAR, PROWERS COUNTY, COLORADO. WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1915. B. Gordon, Paul Denning. Charter Members Old Members —R. E. Adams, Leon Butler, N. E. Butler, R. F. Creaghe, J. P. Campbell, Paul Denning, J. A. Downing, A. E. Fox, A. Friedman, W. C. Gould, A. C. Gordon, C. C. Hud dleston, Granby Hillyer, T. F. Hover, 1.. E. Likes, Fred Lee, F. Levin, W. A. Leonard, Chas. Maxwell, A. C. Mitchell, W. F. McCue, C. J. McCall, C. V. Newman, Chas. Owens, Jack O’Neill, I. D. Pixley, T. J. Sayler, ,F. W. Sayler, Ray Strain, C. R. Strain, H. W. Traxler. Newly Branded —C. H. Wooden, E. A. Lumlgren, Wm. Corson, Ed Apple gate, Walter DeWitt, St. George Creaghe, H. C. Byrnes, J. A. Rourke, H. J. Johnson, G. C. Pyle, D. L. Sil ver, W. B. Gordon, J. P. Campbell, E. I. Ball, W. O. Sheller, W. L. Burger, F. H. Kelsey, M. L. Conwell, W. A. Zimmer, E. H. Knowles. Civility Don’t try to bully the world. It does not pay. Whoever enters the ring for a rough and tumble fight with pub lic opinion is pretty sure, eventually, to be "knocked out.” Society is a Briaerus, and who would think of en countering with a single pair of fists a hundred armed fellow ? Better shake the multitudinous hand of the giant, good naturedly, than unnecessarily provoke his wrath. Despise the world if it so please you, but as you have to live in the world and to lean on the aorld it is just as well to treat it civilly. Shrewd men, who under stand their race, never seek a quar rel with society. They understand that it is possible for an individual to lead and quietly control a community, but not to fight it down and not to force it to their way of thinking by means of narrow laws. If you desire to reform supposed or real evils or disabuse your fellow men of their prejudices, the surest way not to suc ceed is to resort to denunciation and abuse. Kindness, conciliation and the influence of a good example—these are the true and effective means of re form. Seven Day Program The Chautauqua program of this circuit for 1915 is to reach the highest point, we think, in popular approval , of any other of our nine years exper ience. looking back over the years it is not too much to say that some of the greatest lecturers and enter-, tainers of America have been offered on this circuit according to Secretary Homer. Thousands of letters written and statements made from fathers, and mothers and young people would in dicate that these programs have had a tremendous influence in shaping the lives of young folks and in enlarging the vision of all people. This is to be the big popular year. I make no apology in offering mon entertainment, more fun, more that is light, than in previous years. But the lectures and the solid material have by no means been neglected. This is' the year when we want to make peo ple forget their troubles by remember ing their blessings. The big Euro pean catastrophe has cast a pall of uncertainty and moral depression over the country. The public has sustain ed more ugitation and has responded more generously to reform movements in the last decade than ever before perhaps in the history of civilization. The people have shown a big heart edness and good citizenship, and their unselfishness in making an honest attempt to bring about political and economic reform. In my opinion too much violent agitation should cease for the pres ent: Why not give the people a chance to enjoy the blessings that they have earned ? We want to have the best time that we have ever had, but the big keynote of the 1915 Chau tauqua program is Patriotism. Not the Patriotism of War, but the Pat riotism of Peace and Happiness. The next big thing that will stand lout is Inspiration. That is why, for | this year, we will dispense with tech- Inical discussions, with political har- I ungues. Politics are tabooed. The .intellectual growth of the people of the middle west has been marvelous, and they are well prepared to receive the splendid entertainment and musical offerings that this program will af ford. WILL DENVER BE WET OR DRY? How One of Colorado's New Fads Sur prises Its Friends (By Alva Swain) The situation that has jtrisen in con nection with the fight to make Colo rado dry is unique. It never could have resulted had it not been for the adoption of the recull of judicial de cisions by the people two years ago. Because that amendment was written into our state constitution at a time when the so-called reform wave way sweeping the country, Colorado now faces the proposition of having to re peal that part of our constitution or of having all towns acting under th< Home Rule amendment go wet if they so desire, irrespective of the consti tutional amendment adopted last fall. To be sure the attorneys for the drys I will make a desperate legal fight to overcome the situation but even they -admit that in our haste to adopt an up-to-date reformed constitution we have come very close to making the city and town government greater than the state government, if the peo ple of the cities and towns so desire A review of the history of the pres ent situation is not amiss. In the winter of 1901 the legislature submitted what is known as the Rush bill to the people. It was a proposed constitutional amendment consolidat ing the city and county government of the city of Denver and the then county of Arapahoe, and sought to give to the people of Denver what is jcommonly termed “Home Rule.” It gave them the right to gevem them | selves on matters purely local and i pertaining to city government. A num ber of suits following testing the val idity of the amendment and finall} the courts passed upon enough legal points to give Denver an idea as to where she stood from a governmental point of view. Following this a num ber of cities in the state decided that the Rush Home Rule act could be ap plied to them the same as to Den ver; that a constitutional amendment : giving Denver certain rights necessar ily gave the other cities of the state the same rights if they cared to avail themselves of those rights. Quite a . number of the cities, including Colo rado Springs, Pueblo, Grand Junction and others, by direct vote of their electorate adopted home rule under the name of commission government. Following this came a number of le gal cases in which the charters of these towns appeared to be in techni cal legal jeopardy. Two years ago there was submitteu to the people under the initiative and referendum what is known as the Home Rule amendment. This amend , ment sought to amend the state con stitution so that any town or city that so desired could operate under the commission form of government and it specifically named the towns of Denver, Pueblo, Colorado Sproings and Grand Junction and declared their charters and governments to be valid There were two provisions in that Home Rule amendment that were ex tremely strong in language. They were: “The people of each city or town in this state having a population of 12,000 inhabitants as determined by the last preceding census are hereby vest ed with and they shall always have power to make, amend, add to or re place the charter of said city or town which shall be its organic law and extend to all local and municipal mat ters. “Such charter and the ordinances made pursuant thereto in such mat tors shall supercede within the terri torial limits and other jurisdiction of said city or town any law* of the state in conflict therewith.” The last section is admitted by the drys to be their stumbling block. | At the same election there was sub- Imitted an amendment to the constitu tion known as the Recall of Judiciul Decisions. This amendment provides that where the supreme court decides a question relative to a city or town the people of thut city or town can. through petition signed by 5 per cent of their electors, force the legislativi department of said city or town to submit the question to the people of that city or town and if the people votc against the court then the ruling of the court is of no avail in that city of town. The provision of the recall of judi cial decisions relative to questions per taining to cities or towns is as fol lows: “If such decision concerns a charter or an amendment thereto of a city or city and county acting under Article XX of this constitution, it shall not ( be binding until sixty days after it has been filed in the office of the clerk of the said court. Within sixty days u referendum petition, signed by not less than 5 per cent of the qualified electors of such city or city and coun ty, may request that such charter or amendment thereto be submitted to the people of such city or city and county for their adoption or rejection. It shall be the duty of such legislative body to publish the text of such charter or amendment thereto as initiative ordin ances and published as near as may be and submit such charter or amendment thereto to the people of such city or city and county, at an election to be culled by said legislative body not less thun sixty days after the filing of said petition, unless there should be under the charter of said city or city and county a regular election, to be held for the election of officers of said city or city and county within said sixty days in which event such charter or amendment thereto may be submit ted to the vote of the people at such regular election. All such charters or amendments thereto so submitted as herein provided when approved by % majority of the votes cast thereon in said city or city and county shall be and become the law of this state and of said city or city and county not withstanding the decision of the su preme court.” Following this election a case known as the People vs. Prevost was carried to the supreme court from Pueblo county to test the validity of the Home Rule amendment as adopted in 1912 which made valid the commission form of government of Grand Junc tion, Pueblo, Denver and Colorado Springs, and which gave all of th* other towns and cities of 2,000 inhab itants the right to establish similui governments, and the court upheld the new constitutional provision. At that time an effort was made to have that portion of the constitution re calling judicial decisions declared in valid, but the court held that the question was not before the court. I>ast fall the people adopted the pro hibition constitutional amendment, which read as follows: “From and after the first day of January, 1916, no person, association or corporation, shall, within this state, manufacture for sale or gift any in toxicating liquors, and no person, as sociation or corporation shall import into this state any intoxicating liquors for sale of gift, and no person, asso ciation or corporation shall, within this state, sell or keep for sale any intoxicating liquors or offer for sale any intoxicating liquors for barter or trade. Provided, however, that the handling of intoxicating liquors 'or medicinal or sacramental purposes may be provided by statute. “Section 2. All provisions of the constitution in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.” When the Denver election was to be held this spring the wets proposed an amendment to the city charter, pro viding that Denver shall be wet. It was so worded as to give the commis sioners of the city the right to grant 1 licenses to sell whiskey. The charter amendment was adopted. The wets ex pect that it will be carried to the su preme court and they expect the court to hold that Denver cannot sell whis key. Immediately they will act under NUMBER 52. the provision of the recall which g'/es the towns and cities the right to recall a decision of the court and under the provisions of the Home Rule amend ment, which has been sustained by the supreme court, and secure a petition signed by five per cent of the citizens of Denver and submit the question of recalling the court’s decision. If the decision is recalled by vote then the drys will take the matter to the su preme court on the ground that the recall of judicial decisions is in this case unconstitutional. The drys will claim that the prohibition amendment adopted last fall supersedes all other provisions of the constitution. The wets will claim that the Home Rule amendment and the recall of judicial decision amendment takes Denver and 'all other towns acting under charters i created under the Home Rule amend ment out from under the provisions of ( the dry amendment, j The drys will claim that the whiskey Question is a question for state-wide police supervision. j Both sides admit that the legul question involved are such that each I side has a good chance to win. Both aides admit that if the recall of ju dicial opinions insofar as they apply to towns and cities had never been adopted Denver would not now be facing the peculiur situation that con fronts her on the wet and dry propo sition. MORE BLUNDERING Democratic Congress Blundered In All Its Legislative Work Washington, D. C., May 24, 1916. — A typical example of inexecusable blundering by congress in the enact ment of a statute has been argued re cently before the Court of Customs Appeals. The court is asked to in terpret the meaning of paragraph 408 of the Underwood tariff act, the first important law of the present admin istration. The paragraph provides free entry for “waste” of any of the articles therein described “suitable” for the manufacture of puper. Careless use of the word “suitable” in drafting the law plunged it into uncertainty, for it admits a wide latitude of construc tion. Will free entry be given to anything that might be used in paper making; or must waste be used only in paper making in order to enter free of duty Already two opposing constructions have been placed upon the statute, one by customs officials who imposed u tax, another by the Board of U. S. General Appraisers who allowed free entry. Now the higher court is ap pealed to for a third opinion as to the intent of the law makers. The blunder is more notable be cause the language of former tariff acts wus an ample guide. The act of 1897 provided free entry for waste “fit only” to be converted into paper. The corresponding paragraph in the 1909 act extended free entry to waste “used chiefly” for paper making. With these provisions in the old law, it seems as though intelligent re vision would have been simplicity it self. But with their fatal gift of blundering the democrats seized upon .and inserted “suitable” in the law— the one word that neither customs of ficials, lawyers nor business men af fected could understand, and which rendered imperative the litigation now in the courts before the statute can be finally enforced. For the first two years of Mr. Wil son's administration there were thir ty-five thousand commercial failures. This number is some ten thousand in excess of similar failures during the first two years of the Taft adminis tration. The total liabilities involved in the commercial failures during the first two years of the Wilson adminis tration amounted to seven hundred and sixty millions of dollars. The to tal liabilities of the commercial fail ures in the United States during the four years of the Taft administration amounted to six hundred and forty millions, one hundred and twenty mil -1 lions less than for the two years of Wilson rule.