Publiahed Weekly by
GEO. B. MERRILL
Editor and Proprietor
Subscription price $1.50 per year
Entered at tiie Poalotfice at Lamar,
Colorado, as second class matter.
WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 28, 1923
The Air Mail.
A government mail plane has recent
ly made a new speed record of 485
miles in a little over two hours and a
half, with a 400-pound load. This is
important in two respects—it demon
strates the possible speed of delivery
of important mail and it also demon
strates the practical of airplanes
for other purposes. Carrying mail by
airplane will always be a minor fea
ture of our postal service. For ordin
ary mail the railway train will serve
as well as an airplane. Ordinary mail
could not, on the whole, pay the post
age that would be required to make
air service self-supporting. But as a
result of experience we shall develop
a mail service that will be of great
value to communications where speed
is a prime consideration. The air mail
service lias its chief value at present
not in tiie actual carrying of mail but
in the training of men in the opera
tion of airplanes, in the discovery of
better methods and the development
of belter meclmnisms. The men who
are engaged in this work are render
ing a great service to the nation and
to the world.
The Navy Department is right in
its determination to enforce an old rule
which provides that graduates of the
Naval Academy will not be permitted
to resign until they have been com
missioned for three years. The gov
ernment incurs great expense in giv
ing a young man an education at the
Academy and does it for the special
purpose of training men for service
in the navy in time of war. In order
to l»e fully fit for service, they should
not only have their scholastic train
ing but the experience that an officer
gets by actual operation after he has
received his commission. If, after he
has had this practical experience, he
wishes to resign and enter civilian life,
he may properly be permitted to do so.
In that event, his training will have
t»een such as to make him of value to
the nation as a naval officer in case
of war. Men who are not willing to
do this much for the government ought
not seek education at the naval acad
emy. There are other public institu
tions suited to their needs where they
can be educated at less expense and
without interfering with the aspira
tion of others who look toward the
naval service as a career.
The fact that half the gold of the
world is in the United States is of
slight consequence in considering the
ability of the allied governments to
pay their debts to this country. The
flow of wealth from the United States
to Europe is greater than the stream
in the opposite direction. The bal
ance of trade as measured by the
goods passing in anil out of our ports
is in our favor, but when we consid
er the invisible exchanges between
Europe and the United States and the
indirect exchanges represented by
American commerce with British.
French, and other colonies, it is found
that we are actually paying more mo
ney abroad than is being paid to us.
That situation will very soon be re
flected in a wider distribution of gold,
and long before the expiration of the
debt paying period, there will he an
ample gold supply in Europe with
which to meet the obligations.
There is just one way to avoid
“truth-in-fabric” legislation. Give us
truth in fabrics. No one wants the
legislation; everyone wants a fair deal.
Soviets Drop all Masks.
The monstrous blasphemy of the
demonstrations by which the Russian
bolshevik! attempted to satirize the
Christian festival of Christinas may
well bonify even those calloused per
sons who heard with cynical indiffer
ence of their orgies of massacre and
This i.- the first time since they have
been in power that the bolsheviki have
ventured in so open a manner to re
veal their purpose to destroy religion.
While they felt less sure of their pow
er, they allowed the people to continue
the usual forms of worship with little
interference. Last year the famine
was seized upon as an excuse for
plundering the churches, but the treas
ures thus confiscated appeur not to
have been used to relieve the suffer
ing of the starving citizens.
For protesting against such pillage,
many of the clergy, including the
Patriarch and principal bishops, were
imprisoned as “counter-revolutionists”
and some of them have been executed.
Financial Statement Shows Colorado
Conditions Are Improving and
Future Looks Bright.
Statistical evidence of a moderate
improvement in economic conditions
in Colorado during 1922 is to lie found
in the fact that the deposits of all the
hanks of the state on December 29,
1922, showed an increase of 12.fi per
cent over the deposits on Decemlier
31, 1921. There was likewise an in
crease of 12 per cent In the total as
sets of the same hanks and of a lit
tle more than 2 |>er cent in loans and
Compilations made by the State Im
migration Department for use in the
Colorado Year Book show that the de
posits in all the bunks of the state on
the date mentioned were $304,853,000,
compared with $270,208,000 at the
close of 1921. The banks of 62 coun
ties of the 63 in the state showed in
creases in deposits during 1922. Four
of the 11 counties showing decreases
are mining counties where the de
creases are accounted for by the fall
ing off in the production of metals.
In laigan, one of the counties showing
a decrease the deposits of a national
hank temporarily closed are not in
cluded, which accounts for the appar
It is also worthy of note that de
posits at the end of 1922 were about
$8,000,000 greater than at the close of
1920 and less thun $7,000,000 below
the high mark reached at the end of
1919. At the same time loans and
discounts are approximately $26,000,-
000 below those at the end of 1920.
While loans and discounts increased
Miinewhat during 1922 they did not in
crease in so large a ratio as did de
The report shows that nearly all
farming counties have increased their
hank deposits slightly during the year
and most of them show little or no
increase in loans and discounts. This
is taken to indicate that farmers have
curtailed their expenditures during
1922, for their 1922 crops and live
stock brought them but little more
than they received for the 1921 out
put. In the rase of nearly all crops
except hay the advances in price did
not come until after most farmers
had marketed their surplus production.
Average prices received for livestock
were higher than for the previous year.
The only important crops for which
lower prices were received were po
tatoes ami fruits, hut losses on these
crops were rather heavy.
The fact that farmers under ad
verse conditions have been able to in
crease their hank balances is taken
to show that the agricultural indus
try in the state is fundamentally in a
sound condition and will show a quick
response to the expected increase in
the prices of farm commo<lities
Filibuster in Senate.
Certain members of the Senate,
chiefly Democrats, who have l>een at
tempting for some time to defeat by
indirection the administration Mer
chant Marine Bill, are now resorting
to an open filibuster against the meas
ure. It is generally admitted that the
bill would pass if brought to a vote,
and the minority are, therefore, at
tempting to take advantage of the
Senate rule, which gives to each mem
l»er the right of unlimited debate.
In an effort to break up the filibust
er, which prevents the majority from
expressing its will, and in order to
transact the necessary business of the
country, the administration leaders are
conducting night sessions in the Sen
ate. Daily that body meets earlier
than usual and remains in session un
til nearly midnight.
In this connection the Washington
“President Maiding foresaw the fil
ibuster, apparently, when he asked the
Senate to bring the shipping bill to a
vote. He asserted that the country
had a right to expect a vote, and he
added that the executive was entitled
to know the will of Congress on the
subject of the merchant marine. The
executive can not discharge his du
ties satisfactorily in the absence of a
decision by Congress. The mere fail
ure of Congress to decide, as a result
of a filibuster, will not throw' any
light whatever upon national policy
with regard to the merchant marine.
The President will still lie in the dark
concerning the wishes of Congress,
and the Treasury will still be paying
out $50,000,000 a year as a net loss
under the existing provisional arrange
“The filibuster, if successful, will
therefore continue for unother year
the present arrangement, with an ad
ditional loss of $50,000,000, most of
which might have been saved if the
shipping bill had passed.
“The opposition to the shipping bill
offers no alternative plan for the reg
ulation of the merchant marine. The
defeat of the shipping bill would save
nothing, but on the contrary would in
sure continued loss. Therefore the op
position, in conducing the filibuster in
the Senate, is virtually conducting a
raid upon the Treasury. The rambl
ing filibuster speeches seem to cost
nothing but the physical vigor and
self-respect of the speakers, but act
ually they are costing the people of
the United States millions of dollars.”
"EFFICIENCY” HARD TO BEAT
Bom of Ditch Digger* Kvolvod Novol
Plan for Dotting Result* From
Gang Under Him.
Jethro Mills Boone, the efficiency
expert. Mold la a lecture In ChU-ttgo:
"The efficiency engineer atudtea
men‘a mot lona and at once put* hi a
studies to practical uae Let me tell
you a story that cuntalna a grain of
“A gang of men were digging a ditch
In a wet, atlcky eoll that via la coo
tlnual danger of flooding.
“ ‘All out!' the efficient young boea
yelled one morning.
“The men were out like a flaah
" 'All in I* the boea then yelled, and
the men tumbled back Into the ditch
again, realizing that the call had been
a false alarm.
** 'Ail out!' came anochar yell.
-Out tumbled the men
“And they disappeared once more In
the hole, grumbling a little.
“Well, after half a dozen repetitions
of this business, the men got angry and
asked the boas what the dickens be
meant by It.
** *Wbat‘a yer gamaf they snarled
There's no water coming.'
“The efficient young boas ■railed
“*1 know there Isn't.' he said, “but
I find that you fellows take out more
dirt on your shoes than you do uo your
“And then, lifting up hla voice
cheerily, he resumed the old cry:
" ‘All out I' ”
WILL PLEASE MUSIC LOVERS
Wagner's "Liebeaverbot,” Practically
Forgotten, la Boon to Be luued
by a Berlin Firm.
Announcement that a Berlin firm of
music publishers la about to Issue the
score of Wagner’s “Llebesverbot" will
be hailed with acclaim by music lovers
throughout the world.
“Prohibition of 1.0ve,” to translate
the title, wim written during the youth
of the famous composer, and ahOws
more plainly than do hla other earlier
works the |»eriod of transition through
which he passed before he matured li
to the producer of the composition*
which brought him fame and estab
llshed hla particular school of mush
It Is based on "Measure for Meas
ure.” It Is the only Wagnerian compo
sition In which the characters speak
some of the lines. Ninety years ago
the composition was given a perform
anre in Magdeburg. It proved a dis
mal failure. It was never published,
and on Uhrlstmas, 1860, Wagner him
self gave the score to Ludwig II of
Bavaria. Since then, the manuscript
has been preserved among the Bava
rlan crown treasures.
Though the text of the opera has
been published, only fragments of the
music have been available In the past.
Preparations are being made through
out music centers to give the offering
an elaborate revival when It Is Intro
• luced to the public of today.
Girl Would Be Soldier.
Becoming enamored with the army
posters describing life In the tropics,
ii young girl dreused us a hoy. tried to
enlist In the unuy at K«*-hester. New
Hello What happened? Motorcar
.icdueut? - ’
-'Nope. Met a fellow 1 ran over
once and he recognized me. —Judge.
By MORRIS SCHULTZ
(i$, 1123. Wevtrrn I »
Jeffreys, the silk Mocking candidate
for mayor, consented to receive me
young man who ha<i Something of
the utmost Importance for Ills private
lie listened aghast. For thirty years
his inline had stood for integrity and
good citizenship, and here the secret
of his boyhood stood nuked at lust,
revealed to this eowurdly bluckinnii'cr.
The young man was fluent. lie
sneered and smiled. “It means the
end of your political uspirutions, Mr.
Jeffreys," he said boldly. “It will cost
you fifty thousand dollars, or —"
“The new spa|ters —"
Jeffreys laid a suave but trembling
hand on his shoulder. “My boy,” he
said, "you’re commencing a criminal
career young. That sort of thing leads
to state's prison. No newspaper
would print it, among the decent ones.
The other kind wouldn't dare. It's
not u criminal offense."
“No, it isn’t ; it’s a moral offense,
and I guess your tower of respecta
bility will come tumbling down."
“As sure us you dure to commit
yourself I’ll have you arrested." an
swered Jeffreys sternly. “There’s no
man living can hluckmall me."
"Oh, I don’t have to commit my
self," sneered the other. "A word
whls|>ered in Boss Higgins' ear and
it’s all over with you and your candi
dacy. Come, Is It fifty thousand?”
Jeffreys stared at Idm In speechless
rage. Then suddenly he leaped for
ward, despite his five and fifty years,
grasped the fellow by the collar, and.
the front door being open, propellwd
him down the steps Into ttie street, ad
ministering a vigorous kick at each.
"I*o what you please and be
damned!’’ he shouted.
The young man picked himself out
of tlits gutter uud shook a list at Jef
“Oh, don't you worry!" he shouted.
“1 guess this men ns the end of you
and your candidacy.”
Jeffreys went In and shut the door.
And, alone In Ids study, he begun
to wonder whciher he hud acted wise
lie might have bought the fellow
off until after his election, at any rate.
And the ele«*tlon wu* a foregone con
clusion. Public opinion had heeu
thoroughly aroused against (he cor
rupt administration of Moss Higgins'
lie pictured the Joy with which the
old Itoss would rewlve the news at
Ids headquarters. The blackmailer
would not have to wait long for his
Ami himself, disgraced and ruined.
Ills wife—his son at Yale—his daugh
ter at Vassar.
It had all happened years ago—
that affair with the girl. He had acted
as many young men acted. He had
never dreamed that it would return
to overwhelm idtu now.
What should he do? Sue to Moss
lligglns, offer to withdraw on grounds
of "III health" If the black mailer
could he hushed Up?
Moss Higgins was all-powerful. A
word from him would muzzle every
newspaper In the city and state. He
would have to go to him, then, go
down on Ids kness. crawl before him.
lie had uever met the Moss, but be
hud seen his pictures In the papers—
a vindictive-looking old man. He had
heurd stories of Ids revenge upon men
who hud sold him out.
For Ills wife’s and children's sake
he would have to go and crswl before
lids creature. If necessary he would i
He stretched out his hand for the
telephone. He must ask for a private
appointment. Of course he could not
he seen going Into Boss Higgins’ head
But as he put his hand on the re
i-elver the hell rung.
“Is this Mr. Jeffreys? This Is Mr.
Higgins' headquarters. He wants to (
speak to you—privately.”
"All right." said Jeffreys. So the
blackmailer hud lost no time.
He waited, and now a voice like a
street laborer's broke In:
“Is this Mr. Jeffreys? This Is Mr.
Higgins spaklng. Are you’se alone,
sorr? Did youae receive a visit from
a crater—Ol can’t call him a man—
who wanted fifty thousand? Yes? :
Well, lie's just come to me.
"He told me youse had kicked him i
• Hit of your house, so Ol kicked him
out of headquarters. Sure, one good
turn desarves another. He kuows It’s
the pen for him If that story gets out.
So go ahead and hate us If youse can,
Mr. Jeffreys. We don’t folght with
AstoFs Action Appropriate.
Vincent Astor of New York city, a
direct descendant of John Jacob Ae- f
tor, who founded Aatoria, Oregon, as
a fur trading post in 1811, wired the
Astoria Relief Co in mission $5,000 for
Us Are relief fund Astoria was the . 1
first settlement in the Columbia River '
valley and was recently swept by a 1 \
disastrous nra. .
Bent-Prowers Horse and Cattle Grow
ers Association Protest Any
Change in Stock Inspection.
The members of the Bent and Prow
ers County Horse ami Cattle Growers
Association at their meeting in Las
Animas on February 17 were unan
imous in opposition to any method of
ugement of the State Stock Inspection
ugemento f the State Stock inspection
Board. The cost of supporting this
board is practically all paid by assess
ments on stockmen and sale of estray
animals, and is not a question that in
terests the other taxpayers of the
state. To merge the work of the
board in some department would in
sure its being taken out of the hands
of real stockmen and run as part of a
political machine. Its usefulness and
efficiency are gone the minute it pass
es out of the hands of the real honest
to goodness stock growers, and it
would be better to abolish it entirely
than to merge it into some of the
political machinery being planned to
boost the political fortunes of certain
individuals. The stockmen can get
along whoever is senator, provided
they have real stockmen to inspect the
shipments of stock to and from the
state. The meeting adopted the fol
“Resolved, By the Bent and Prowers
Battle and Horse Growers Association
assembled in its 58rd annual meet
ing, that this Association favors the
Predatory Animal Kill, provided,
some of the funds appropriated be
used in the counties of Bent, Bara,
Prowers, Otero and Crowley.
“Whereas, The livestock industry is
one of the principal industries of the
state of Colorado and is now in jeop
ardy because of the decreased price
of livestock as compared to the in
creased cost of production; and
whereas the principal cost of produc
tion is for grazing,”
“Be it resolved by the Bent arvf
Prowers Cattle and Horse Growers
Association assembled in its 63rd an
nual meeting, that the State Lam!
Board be requested to come to the
aid of the livestock industry by re
ducing the grazing rental to the rates
that applied before the War.
“We, the Bent und Prow’ers Cattle
und Horse Growers Association as
sembled in this 53rd annual meeting
favor the continuance of effort look
ing to the control and eradication of
tuberculosis of the domestic animals
of the State of Colorado, and consid
er it very important both from an
economic and public health stand
point and urge upon our legislature
the necessity for the passage of laws
and providing such appropriation as
can lie spured for the prosecution of
“Be it resolved by the Bent and
Prowers Cattle and Horse Growers
Association assembled in its 63rd an
nuul meeting that this Association is
opposed to any change in the con
struction or functions of the State
Board of Stock inspection, or its be
ing merged with any other board or
boards, this for the reuson that said
hoard derives the major portion of Its
income from sources entirely outside
of state taxation, collected directly
from those engaged in the business,
namely from the sale of estrays, from
brand inspection fees and from cattle
shipped and from the recording of
stock brands; participating in state
revenue only to the extent of 1-45 of
a mill j*er annum. And that ropies
of this resolution be sent to the Gov
ernor and all the members of the
The following officers were elected
for the ensuing year:
President —Boone Best, Rocky Ford.
Ist Vice President—J. A. Stinson,
2nd Vice President—Chas. W. Sweit
Secretary—Arthur S. Dean, Las An
Treasurer —P. G. Scott, La* Animas.
Fathers and Sons Banquet.
On next Friday evening, March 9th,
a banquet will be given at the K. P.
Hall by the Fathers and Sons As
sociation. Plans are being made to
entertain four or five hundred men and
boys on this occasion. The principal
address of the evening will lie mude by
Dr. Crabbe, president of the State
Teachers at Greeley. There
will lie other talks and an interesting
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