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THE DELTA INDEPENDENT.
MAGAZINE SECTION YOUNG DIPLOMATS. CHILDREN OF AMBASSADORS AND MINISTERS AT THE NATION’S CAPITAL. They Constitute Quite a Foreign Col* ©ay. Repre©entat«ve Type© From the Court© and Government© of all Nation*. The city of Washington has among its Inhabitants a colony of foreign children who bring to our Republic, the manners and customs of many far off lands. They are the sons and daughters of the officials known as diplomats—men sent by the various governments of the world to act as their agents at the headquarters of Uncle Sam. Quite a number of these children of foreign parents have been born in this country and a few years CHILDREN Of MINISTER FROM PARAGUAY. •go a Chinese baby opened Its eyes In our capital city on the Fourth of July, and was named Washington. Another youngster who la a native 1 of the United States Is the little son of Senor Qucsada. the Minister or Envoy from the Republic of Cuba. Senor Qucsada and bis wife have two chil dren*, both strikingly handsome with largo dark eyes and the olive complex* ion of the Latln-Amerldan. Their oous* In, a young girl whose home la In Use city of Havana Cuba, epende her va cations with them and they never fall to give a great childrens' party in her honor every time she visits Washing ton. From the Antipodes. An exceedingly pretty little girl Is Frau Matilda Uussche. the daughter of that blonde giant Baron Bussche. Secretary of the German Embassy and his dark-complexioned South Ameri can wife whom he married while sta tioned In the Argentine Republic at the other end of our continent. Little Mlaa Bussche has a striking combina tion of dark eyes and flaxen hair and despite her tender years sho .peaks I two different languages. Other South American children In thin odd community In Washington, are the two son. of Senor Baei, the Mlnteter from the llttlo known Re public of Paraguay. The new Mexican Ambassador and Sen ora Caaoaus have aeven children: Hector, axed eighteen: Kvanxellna. fifteen: lloracio. fourteen; Marxarata. thirteen; Mario, eloven; I-con, nine and Jorge, seven. At the home of the Envoy from Coeta Rica there are half n dozen children; the Minister from Haiti has two dark-com plexioned sons; there are several young people In the household of the flrat Minister from the new Republic of Panama; and live attractive young atera enliven things at the residence of the new Ambassador from Brazil— the first Ambassador (n diplomat of higher rank than n Minister) to come to the Unted States from any South American country. These young people from Brazil, speak the Portuguese language whereas the junior cltlsena from all other Pan-American oountries speak Spanish. Chinese Children. Conspicuous among the Juveniles of all nations gathered In Washington are those from China. The present Minister from the Celestial Empire, Sir Chentung Llsng-Cheng Is a widower who has a large family but only three CHILDREN Of CUBAN MINISTER. of thaor aecompanlad him to thla ooamtrr —* daughlur agod about awm imo who la famoua la Waahlngtoa tor har auparb |mh ui two aoaa om wawgaija £ to Ow aa«aa JwaaahoM aro tour hatt AtoStiaa ahnEtoTSa ltttlu aoaa aad daughters of Yung Kwai, & Chinaman who acts as interpreter at the Legation whose wife is an American formerly living in Springfield, Mass. The daughter of the Minister is known even to her intimate friends as Miss Liang. Like other Celestial women of high station she has a given name but the Chinese are a very for mal people and the Minister's daughter is seldom addressed by her first name even by her father. Minister Liang's two sons who now speak Eng lish almost as fluently as their father adopted American dress from the day they took up their residence in Wash ington but the daughter of the Envoy still clings to her native dress con sisting of loose blouse and trousers. Chinese fashions have not changed in centuries but Miss Liang s costumes are made by a Chinese tailor connect ed with the Legation. Her costumes are of the richest silks and satins, black and white being her favorite colors. The quaint Chinese shoes that she wears cause this young lady to walk in what appears to American eyes, a rather awkward fashion but she has not the small, deformed feet such as have prevented some of her predecessors at the Chinese Legation from walking without assistance. Young Chilean Ladles. Two young people wh_" have made many America friends during a long term of residence in the United States are the daughters of Senor Don Joa quin Walker-Martinez. the Minister from Chili. These young ladies have been living under the Stars and Stripes for nearly five years and have attended American schools. They have the clear olive complexion, dark hair and eyes and rich coloring typi cal of the Latin Races. As has been mentioned above there are mnuy young people in the house holds of the envoys from South and Central America and the West Indies. At the Legation of Haiti, are the Misses BourUe, popular- young rela tives of Minister Leger. who by the way is one of the veteran diplomats at Washington, having resided in this country continuously for ten years. MISS MATILDA BUSSCNC. Daughter el Secretary el German Embury* The agent of the Republic of Bolivia at Uncle Sam's aeat of Government has a very pretty daughter, Elena Calderon by name, and there are several girls In the large family of Senor Cairo, the Minister from Costa Rica. Son A West Pointer. Minister Cairo, by the way has a son who Is a cadet at West Point and Is rendering a most excellent acoount of himself, standing well toward the head In all hi* classes. The new Russian Ambassador to the United States has a decidedly pretty daughter, Baroness Elisabeth Rosen and the only daughter of jthe British Ambassador constitutes another Im portant member of the foreign oolony. The last-mentioned young lady. Miss Josephine Durand, Is one of the partic ular chums of President Roosevelt's eldest daughter, Just married. The Turkish Minister Cheklb Bey has two young sons who wear American dress and speak the English language. A Implmad Birthdaj PtmmmuL Am soon aa a Lapp baby la born a reindeer la presented to him. Thlt reindeer Is literally his start In Ufa for not only that deer, but all Its young, and aa they grow up, all their young dear, belong to the child. When he la of age ke has quite a herd o( his own. This custom to of muoh greater ua* to hiss than If every aunt., unde and to be Moat % DELTA. COLORADO, FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1906. GULF STREAM SWIMMERS. THEY 'ENCOUNTER MANY UN KNOWN ASO SINGULAR DENI NESS OF THE DEEP. 4 Starling Experience of a Moonlight Swim in the Great Ocean Current Accomplished by Shark-Scared Biff Mah Away. The wharf rats of New York and other large cities who seem willing to brave the wrath of the officers of the law are but the making of many of the most fearless swimmers of the world. A commercial traveler who Journeys, not only all over the pre cincts of the United States, but in foreign lands as well, in speaking of his happy boyhood days when he as sociated with the daring swimming population of the Metropolis, said that, however pleasant and enjoyable his youthful excursions, they were not to compare with a swim in the Gulf Steam —the Gulf Steam, teeming with life, that only one whose nerves are in absolute consonance with the ocean can escape. W rigging and dart ing things grip unseen at the swim mer’s breast and arms. Silvery flashes before his face tell of fish turning their glittering sides sharply as they leap away at his approach. Big and little, rising out of enormous deptha to sink again half seen, all conspire to make that sunlight splendor a place of sudden terrors to any except the fearless. Moonlight Swim In the Tropics* “One evening,” said the man Of commerce, “after I had been In Ja maica, having a week of the Joys of swimming this stream. I proposed to a couple of my friends that we break the monotony by taking a dip in the water by moonlight. One of them con sented. and we were soon disporting ourselves in the clear moonlit water. “We were going along easily and en joying the swim immensely. Rarely have I seen the water so phosphor escent Every stroke made lire whixl •round in, and one*, when I looked over at my companion, who waa swim ming abreast ot me probably a hun dred feet away, be seemed to bo Ab solutely Immersed In sparkling flame. But that same moment I became aware ot a third area ot awtftly moving phos phorescence between us; and the next Instant I realised that It waa mnde by a big shark, a good three teet longer than I am. Shark Waa Carney, “1 splashed hard, but the shark, contrary to the habits of his kind, did not turn tall. He kept right on. and then my companion saw him and became nervous He began to swim unevenly, and I knew at once that ho might not keep his head If the big flsh should really try to annoy him. So I struck stralgkt across at right angles "Just as I got halt way over, the shark pufon speed and forged head down on me. For a moment, as I saw that green, submarine streak of Are, with the glistening dorsal fln sticking up higher than my head, com ing straight tor me like a shot, I was nearly panic stricken myself. But I turned directly at him pounding and lashing the eea with hands and feet and blowing the water to make a bel lowing noise. The man-eater sank be neath the surface, and I oould see his faintly Illuminated outline going down, down, slowly, tin it glimmered fnth oats deep- Than t gat my hand under Sm gi l " 1 * “* Mpid n gMan you tent etar jnmt a moon light swim here again after that, eh?” said one of his hearers. “Oh, we were kind of scared, all right,” was the reply, "but it wasn’t that bad. Only I will confess that we sat around for nearly an hour getting our nerves straightened out before we swam back.” GREAT CULEBRA CUT. Biggest Piece of Digging Ever Under taken—A Huge Mexican Drainage Cut. The huge excavations for the Pana ma Canal across the Culebra divide will be by far the greatest furrow in the earth's surface ever made by human agency. This statement is made by the Engineering News, in a com prehensive discussion of the great excavation projects of tho world. The big Panama cut is so large that the mind fails to grasp its real magnitude, and it can only be appreciated by comparison with some familiar object. A question of considerable interest re cently raised by a correspondent re lates to the largest existing artificial excavation which is at all comparable with the Culebra cut. Great amounts of excavation were done, of course, on such works as the North Sea Canal, tho Manchester Canal and the Suez Canal; but all these were built through comparatively level country. So far as it has been able to dis cover, the only deep cut at all com parable with that to be made through the Cuelbra divide is the great Nochi stongo cut through the hills which surround the Valley of Mexico. This huge excavation was begun in 1C40, for the purpose of affording an outlet to the flood waters which had inun dated the City of Mexico and destroyed a great part of the city and its in habitants. For more than a hundred and forty years labor on this great work was the chief task of the Mex ican nation, and it was not until the year 17S9 that it was finally completed. The total length of the Nochistongo cut is twelve and one-half miles. Its greatest depth is 197 feet, and its-great est width is 361 feet The total amount of material excavated was about 54,- 000.000 cubic yards. In comparison with this the cut at Culebra will have a considerably greater maximum depth and width, even for the project with the eighty-flve-foot summit level. The total cube of excavation at the Culebra divide was estimated by En gineer Wallace as ISC.000,000 cubic yards for the sea-level canal and 111,- 000,000 cubic yards for a canal with a sixty-foot summit level. While in mere size of excavation tht cut through the Panama divide is by far tho larger, the fact that the Nochistongo cut was made with abso lutely no aid from machinery or me chanical power, but wholly with hu man muscle, makes our task on the isthmus seem like mere child's play 1 in comparison with that accomplished] by those patient toilers under the tor-, rid sun of Mexico two centuries ago. When one recalls that this deep, arti- 1 fleial valley, more than twelve miles kmc. was all dug by the labor of In dians, who excavated tho material with the crudest hand tools and car ried It in baskets on their heads to the plfHV of final deposit, the great cut of Noohistongo is entitled to rank, with the Pyramids of Egypt, among the Vsrld*s greatest wonders. Whml Governs Price of Dogs. The price paid for a dog seems to be governed not so much by the value of ihe animal as the sentiment of the pur Phaser in the vast majority of cases ind, as a rule, the sporting dog bring? tlio lowest figure. Doubtless this is Jue to the fact that the man who wants i Son dog is a practical person, while thn seeker after the “show dog” pays .*or running the "show.” It is granted right here that many a good gun dog slto shows well, but the highest prices go far the show animal, pure and sim plot v— ▲t a recent sale of pointers and set tore at Birmingham. England, one of tho most Important sales in years, the satire lot —two score or more—sold for $1,086. The highest price paid was $868, for the famous female pointer. Coronation (four and a half years) the winner of many championships; while among the setters the choice was Ightlleld Bang (four and a half years), ; a groat Held trial winner, who brought only 9186. American purchasers ' would have thought these dogs cheap st $1,000 apiece. In contrast with these prices, the bull terrier Wood cote Wonder sold in * Now Haven for $5,000 to a San Fran ’ nitre purchaser. Richard Croker. Jr.. ; paid $8,000 for his champion Rodney Stone, and Frank Could paid as high | so $6,000 for a St. Bernard. These are ' real prices— unlike many of the amounts running up into the thousands tarePd on to bench space, of not a few 30>eent dogs, exhibited at some of the kennel shows, where It is believed nec | eeoary to have something attractive. » Higho it Salaried Woman. Min Kate Holliday Claghorn. of 1 Brooklyn, haa boon appointed to bo i registrar of tho tenement house depart* I moot of tho city and la the highest paid i woman |n tho civil seprice of New York ■ State, hor aalary being 13.000 a year. At a competitive examination, tho i oaly other paraoa to pass was George , Hake, a veteran la the department, ■ whaaa average waa a little lees than ■ that made hr hta aacoeasful rival. I IDaOMion |e a van prottv vouag ■ RESOURCES OF THE SOUTH. THEY ARE MaGSIFICEST : BUT DE YEL OPAiEXT HA S OSL Y JUST CQMMESCED . No Section of the United State* Offers Productive Land So Cheap. Opportunnes for Many M'.lions of Rural Homes. BY WILLIAM E. SMYTH E. It Is a comfort to us to look forward to the day when our children and our grandchildren will be fulldedged citi zens of the Republic? Will they have the same chance or an equally good chance with us, or the chances that our fathers and our grandfathers had to enjoy the blessings of our free in stitutious? Will they have the chance that we have to make or secure, each, a home of his own? It has been said that the true test of statesmanship is the provision which is made for the comfort of posterity. The present population of the United States WILLIAM t SMYTHE. is 80,000,000. A generation more, at the present rate of increase, ami it will be 120,000,000 or 130,000,000. A century hence, it will be 500.Q00.000 The children of some of us, anyway our grandchildren, will lire to see that date. Will the United States then be able to sustain such a population? No. nor half that number, even with every arable acre cultivated according to present methods. It is estimated that with every such acre cultivated after the present manner, the country could produce only enough to sustain 144.- I 000.000 people. What about the re maining 350,000.000 souls of which our | children or grandchildren will boa part? Do we ever stop to think that the ' matter for organizing rural settlement j throughout the United States—of ' 'Building the Unfinished Republic,** i you please—is not merely a matter of increasing material prosperity, or ever a matter of making homes for the homeless, but something which is ab solutcly vital to the very existence of the Nation in times to come, and to come very shortly? Somebody must look ahead: some body must take amount of the needr of the future. This is a portentou question which the futmae must an swer, and which the Wure simpl? cannot answer unless the present gene ration begins to organize its forces for • lie systematic and scientific develop ment of our entire fund of natural la no* an ImproTcmant on tba old alyl* mo METHOD uf burning oil which baa mad# common ktroaaaa (or coal oil) Uao aaool aallafatwry of all iilamioanla. I And when wa say satisfactory wa maar satisfactory—not an iltuminant that merely II Rivea a brillant light* but ox tha combines brilliancy with soft, restful. plcaaiUK Qua*- |J ft ”“»t 1. c. nr?niMt tallow candia; ud yet ao auonomtad to iutn | that in a (ew months' uaa Q IT ACTUALLY [PA YU FOR ITBILF H TTto ordinary Inntp with ttw roand wick. gmwiallT 'VSfjSSjiS I lighting mcilvda, burn. but about » hour, on a quart ol oil. Lamp I burns a full I# hour* on the same quantity. Thia, even where oil is cheap. Boon amouota to B n,oAih.u'u"mi™orffiis?i,L But in, anotherwnr » *a«a n.mt*h-p..h.|»inot.. H Ordinary lampa must always be turned at full height, although o an averaaa of two || hooran nfglit aU th»t i. ro«nr~rUrtl J* • dm. lt»ht rwuU to b. turned upTui wlwn M wanted, k gallon of all a wee* absolutely waned, simply because. WR turned low without unbearable odor. All this ianayed in The Anglo Lamp. fw whether I] burned at full height or turned low. It fives net You should know more about the lamp, which for its onU noth, roautal light, might ba aon.tdarrd a luanry w*ra It not lot tha wondrrfuj roooomv wnlch makja It an actual naewaity. Writ, tor oar catalog,. • M"lullyncUßnl Uuanawpctacipla of oil lighting, and lot our propoaillaa to peon tbaaa atatamaata by 30 DAYS’ TRIAL THE MM mWIGTOWOL,7S-HWIIIY CT.,EW WM PART TWO wealth .nor even then unless methodf are devised to prevent waste and t< increase efficiency in every direction The Prophecy of Malthus. A century ago, one Malthus, started the world by depicting the horrors which would some day come from over-population. His theory was thai the number of human beings increased much faster than the means of subsistence; £ hence, that disastei must come *a the natural course of events. It was not given him to foreset how vastly the means of subsistence would be increased through the inven tion of labor-saving machinery, the dis covery of new crops and methods of cultivation, and the improvement of the means of distribution. So that many of the present-time writers, having in mind the advance of science, speak in no little deroga tion of the teaching of Malthus as narrow and e™’inded upon ignorance of the vast, ever-unfolding resources of the world. Nevertheless Malthus’f warnings were not entirely unjustified, and as applied to ourselves it must be conceded that the thoughtful people of the United States have no more urgent business than to make broad outlets for surplus population upon the soil and to train the rising generation so that it will know how to make the best possible use of natural resources now wastefully employed or altogether neglected. Necessity, the prolific mother of invention, will doubtless continue to place in our hand* new tools which will multiply our power of production; v **t if we would escape grave trials and hardships we must do thoroughly and well the work which needs to be done in organizing pros perity for our peoplo by means of rural settlement. The rural settlement, and all that this term involves in its broade«t e plication—the division of land Into smaller farm homes, sufficient for the support of a family from the soil, the diversification of crops, and their ut most cultivation and the improvement and breeding up of plants so that they will yield their greatest product, the utilization of every waste and unpm ductive acre—in short, the settling of the entire country into small rural homes, so that each family shall own a piece of land from which he may secure a living for himself and his family—this is the work than which there is no more Important Question before the country to-day. The Empire of the South. Now all this is merely introductory to a discussion of the opportunities for domestic expansion in various parts, of our great country, and of the need of private and public enterprise in mak ing these opportunities available for the masses of men. First of all, let us look at that great empire which lies between Mason and Dixon’s line and the Gulf of Mexico, and, for the most part, east of the Mississippi River. A native of New England and a citizen of the Pacific Coast. I never fully grasped the truth about the South until through travel, I saw and came to know things as they are. I once thought of the South as an old country, vastly interesting because of its historic associations, running back to the earliest English settlements on this continent, but practically deve loped to the limit of Its normal growth and possessing resources in ferior to some other portions of the Union, especially to those of the Far West. f * The truth is something eery differ ent. In an economic sense, the South : Is a new country, with Immense re- (Continued on next Me.)