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THE DELTA INDEPENDENT.
maoazixe section CLARA BARTON ACTIVE. Red Cross Tleroine Will Estab lish Railnmd Hospital Car Service. Although Over Eighty Years Old She Has Started in with Great Energy to Organize New Relief Work to Cope with Wrecks. Clara Barton, the famous Red Cross leader, has Just given new evidence that she is one of the most remarkable women the world has ever known. Feel ing that the Red Cross work has been placed on a permanent basis and no longer needs her close supervision, this untiring woman, although upward of eighty years of age. has lately returned to her old home in Massachusetts and opened headquarters for a great new movement to alleviate suffering, name ly. a project for organizing hospital corps on all railroads in order that with the aid of hospital cars speedy succor may be brought to persons in jured In wrecks The portrait here presented is ot especial interest, inasmuch as it is the only likeness which Clara Barton has permitted to be made in many years. The famous Bed Cross worker has no love for the camera, but her close per sonal friend. Mrs. John A. I>»gan. after much persuasion finally induced her to •It for this picture. Mrs. Logan is seen •landing by her side. WORKED IN CrVIL, AND FRAN CO PRUSSIAN WARS. Clara Barton, who is entering with •o much enthusiasm into a new mis- MISS CLARA BARTON AND MRS. JOHN A. LOGAN. •lonary work, waa born in Oxford. Mhhh . In 1830. During tho Civil War ■he did relief work on the battlefields and organized tin* search for missing men for which Congress appropriated the sum of slf*.ooo After the close of ttint conflict site went nhrond and car ried on the Red Cross activities of the Franco-Pruaalan war. following which siie did heroic work at the Johnstown flood, distributed relief In the Russian famine In 1882. and tho Armenian mas sacre of 189 f», at the request of the President of the United States carried relief to Cuba In 1898, and conducted the Red Cross relief at tho Galveston flood. America's most Interest log repre sentative In the world's group of grand old women has boon loaded with hon ors by nil nations, and her home is filled with valuable tokens of esteem. Chief among tho treasures cherished by this Idol of conquering armies are the Jewels and decorations tendered her by the royalty of many nations, and constituting unquestionably the great est collection ever bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. GIFTS FROM A1 As SOVEREIGNS. Conspicuous In the glittering nrray are the nmethyst cut In tho form of a patisv. ati Inch and one-half square, the gift of Miss Barton's personal friend, the Grand Duchess of Baden; tho Servian Red Cross decoration pre sented by Queen Natalie, the Gold Cross of Remembrance bestowed by the Grand Duke and Duchess of Baden, a medal presented by tho Queen of Italy, an English decoration pinned on Miss Barton's dress by Queen Victoria; tho Iron Cross of Germany presented by the Emperor and Empress, tho decora tion of the Order of Moluslne presented by t ho Prince of Jerusalem. Cyprus and Armenia, and the brooch and pendant of diamonds, tho gift of the people of Johnntown. In recognition of the great service rendered by Miss Barton aftor tho famous flood. .... Miss Barton's father was In boyhood one of the soldiers of "Mad Anthony" Wayne, and Clarissa Harlowo Barton, as her name Is Inscribed in the family Bible, came to the Bay State home as * human Christmas present. Like many another New England girl Clara Bar ton, when thrown on her own resources, took up school teaching as a means of livelihood, and when she was obliged to abandon this because of failing eye sight. she managed to secure a position in the Patent Office at Washington, and here she continued her service until the outbreak of the Civil War disclosed to her a life work. Her advertisements in the Massachusetts papers that she would receive money and stores for the wounded soldiers and personally dis tribute them at the front brought quick responses,and from this6mall beginning the scope of her work broadened. The ministering angel of the Army of the Potomac was present at the battles of Cedar Mountain, the second Bull Run. Antietam, Fredericksburg and the Wil derness. WAS WITH THE VANGUARD. In the Franco-Prussian war Miss Barton was the first person to enter Straaburg after the fall of that city, and was instrumental in organizing the relief. She performed a similar service at Paris, which she entered with the vanguard at the conclusion of the siege. After her return to the United States she directed relief work in addi tion to the Instances above mentioned during t tie Mississippi flood of 1882, the overflow of the Ohio River in 1883, the iami.siana cyclone of the same year, and the Texas drought of 1889, ever at the fore aiding, sustaining, and sup (Mirttng by her untiring presence the failing courage of those who in their suffering learned to depend upon her with passionate love and gratitude. Mrs. John A. Logan (Mary Simmer son Cunningham I>>gan) who appears with Clara Barton In this picture, la a native of Missouri, but was educated in Kentucky and married John A. l-o gau in 1855. Since his death she has enKn*o*d in literary work, ami has re sided In the city of Washington, mak ing her lioim* in a quaint old house filled with mementoes of her hero hus band. This residence is on a most at tractive little estate of about one-half acre in extent, located on the brow of a hill overlooking the nation's capltol. COLONEL HENDERSON'S POEM. Severn I yours njro tlio Into Col. D. B. Henderson wrote n poem entitled "Yes or No?” which slumbered until the other dny, when It wns rend In Dos Moines at a mooting hold in tla* famous iownn'N memory. The poem runs: In then* a mentor strong and good Thst always indicates the roml Where we should go, Thst tells us with unerring voice Which of the words should In* our choice-- The Yea or No? We have the Mhles of the esrth. With nil their holy power and worth* And yet we know The world Is wild with disputation As to the ••true road to salvation"*** The Yes or No. When seeking virtue's truest path And nil the purent gems she hath* Is-there no woe? Is there no doubt lu noblest mind Who In tho word from heaven weuld find The Y’os or Noj Our hearts will whisper: "Thla ta right; Here live and love and drink delight Nor dream of woe." When reason suddenly cries out In tones that fill the heart with doubt And thunders: “No!” And ever ttma we rise and fall. We hope and feur aud tremble Ail Until we go. Theu we shall have a sweet repose. There Is n light that molts our woes, Lost is tho No. SQUIBS Recent events In Zion City make It ap parent that Rlljah the third has gone up nlmoat as effectually as did the original. A Kansas woman wan kicked by a mule, running her to bite off her tongue. 8he realties now It Is bad bualueaa to talk back to a mule. It la bard for Russell Saga to underatand why people want to travel In alr-ahlpa whan walking la no much cheaper. DELTA. COLORADO, FRIDA MAY 25, 1906. ERUPTION OF KRAKATOA. Volcanic Explosion# in East In flies the Most Terrific in History \ Vast Volumes of Ashes Blown Twenty Miles Above Earth Detonations Heard Three Thousand Miles Dis tant. By Sir Robert Ball. The following description by Sir Hubert Hall of the eruption of Kraka toa will be read uith .special interest at the present time. It is taken from his book. "The Earth’s Beginning," re cently published by If. Appleton & Co. Until th«* year 1883 few had ever heard of Krakatoa. It was not in habited. but the natives from the sur rounding shores of Sumatra and Java used occasionally to draw their canoes up on its beach while they roamed through the jungle in search of the wild fruits. The island seemed to owe its existence to some frightful eruption of bygone days, but for a couple of centuries there had been no fresh out break. In 1883 Krakatoa suddenly sprang iuto notoriety. Insignificant though it had hitherto seemed, the little island was soon to compel by its tones of thunder the whole world to j>ay it in stant attention. It was to become the scene of u volcanic outbreak so appall ing that it is destined to be remem bered throughout the ages. At first the eruption did not threaten to be of any serious type, in fact, the good people of Batavia, so far from be ing terrified at what was in progress in Krakatoa. thought the display was such an attraction that they chartered a steamer and went forth for a pleas ant picnic to the island. Many of us. I am sure, would ha\e been delighted to have been able to Join the party who were to witness so interesting a spectacle. With caution* steps the more venturesome of the excursion party clamlwred up the sides of the volcauo. guided by the sounds which were issuing from its summit. There they beheld a vast column of steam pouring forth with terrific noise from a profound opening about thirty yards in width. As the summer of this dread year advanced, the vigor of Krakatoa stead ily Increased. The noises became more aud more vehement. These were pres ently audible on shores ten miles dis tant. aud then twenty miles distant, until thi gr»at thunders of tht cano. now so rapidly developing, as tonished the inhabitants that dr over an area at least as large ns Great Britain, and there were other symp toms of the approaching catastrophe With each successive convulsion .1 quantity <>f fine .lust was project* Aloft Into the clouds. The wind could not carry this dust away as rapidly as it was hurled upward by Krakatoa. and accordingly the atmosphere be«-:»nu heavily charged with suspended parti clou. A pall of darkness thus hung over the adjoining seas and islands Such was the thickness and the density of these atmospheric volumes of Krakatoa dust that for a hundred miles around the darkness of midnight prevailed at midday. Then the awful tragedy of Krakatoa tinik place. Many thousands of the unfortunate Inhab itants of the adjacent shores of Su matra and Java were destined never to behold the nun again, i hay were ently swept away to destruction in an invasion of the shore by the tremen dous wn\os with which the seas sur rounding Krakatoa were agitated. The development of the volcanic en ergy proceeded, and gradually* the ter ror of the inhabitants of the surround ing coasts rose to a climax. July had ended before the manifestations «»f Krakatoa had attained their full vio lence By the middle of August the panic was widespread, for the supreme ( catastrophe was at hand. On the night of Sunday. August _v>. ISB3. the blackneHs of the dust clouds, now much thicker than over in the Straits of Sunda and adjacent parts of Sumatra and Java, was only occasion-j ally illumined by lurid flashes front the volcano. The Krakatoa thunders were on the point of attaining then complete development. At the town of Batavia, a hundred miles distant there was no quiet that night. Tin* houses trembled with the subterranean vlo lence, ami the windows rattled as if heavy artillery were being discharged in the streets, and still these efforts seemed to be only rehearsing for the supreme display. On the morning of Monday. August 27. 1883. the rehears als were over and the performance be gun. An overture, consisting of two or three introductory explosions, was succeeded by a frightful convulsion which tore away a large part of the Island of Krakatoa and scattered it to the winds of heaven. This supreme effort it was which produced the mightiest noise that, so far as we can ascertain, has ever been heard on this globe. It must have been indeed a loud noise which could travel from Krakatoa to Batavia and pre serve its vehemence over so great a distance: but we should form a very inadequate conception of the energy of the eruption of Krakatoa if we thought that its sounds were heard by those merely a hundred miles off. This would he little Indeed (Him pa red with what Is recorded, on testimony which it is impossible to doubt. Westward from Krakatoa stretches the wide expanse of the Indinn Ocean. On the opposite side from the Straits of Sunda lies the Island of Rodrigue/., the distance from Krakaton being al most 3.000 miles. It has been proved by evidence which cannot be doubted that tho thunder of the great volcano Attracted the attention of an Intel 11- gent coastguard on Rodrigues, who carefully noted the charsets* #4 tho sound# MM Ml #1 IMd tMSt renc had luard them just four hour • r the actual explosion, for this 'imp the sound occupied on its . If is were vigorous enough to emit : • like Krakatoa. how great wou the consternation of the wori - ha report might be heard by 1 i: Iward. at Windsor, and by the .v Moscow. It would aston ish -man Emperor and all his subj ,r would penetrate to the se clus Sultan at Constantino ple. >uld have extended to the sour the Nile, near the equator. It w tve been heard by Moham med -rims at Mecca. It would hav* ■ 1 the ears of exiles in Si beri. nhabitants of Persia would hav* beyond its range, while pas sen half the liners crossing the Atla ' mid also catch the mighty reve ■ .on Or. to take another Ulus let ns suppose that a sim ilar -baking event took place in a cei •. position in the I’nited States. Let • for example, that an explo sion rr* d at Pike’s Peak as reso: that from Krakatoa. It wou a:nly startle not a little the inha of Colorado far and wide. The ,f dwellers in the neighbor ing - would receive a consider- ' able With lessening intensity ; the would spread much farther aroti • b-ed. it might be heard all over i'nited States. The sonorous wav i roll over to the Atlantic coas > would be heard on the shor Pacific. Florida would not • far to the south, nor Alaska too to the north. If. indeed, we «• relieve that the sound would trav freely over the great conti nent id across the Indian Ocean, then t> boldly assert that every ear 'h America might listen to the *-r from Pikes Peak, if it rivn a Can w« t that Kra< made the greatest noise that has ••••n recorded? At 'he many other incidents coni with this explosion. 1 may spec ention the wonderful sys tem • rgent ripples that started in © "sphere from the point at whir »*ruption took place. The inlti t us was so tremendous that the.- spread for hundreds and thou ■ f miles. They diverged, in fi. * they put a mighty girdle rout earth, on a great circle of whl* n-.atoa was the pole. The ar mos waves, with the whole earth now in their grasp, advanced into the -posite hemisphere. In their prop -s they had necessarily to form gradually contracting circles, until at t they converged to a point in Cen- Amrr 'a at the very opposite p it of the d■ a meter of our earth. \ 0 miles from Krakatoa Thtis the w es comp 'tc >• embraced the earth. 1 ry par: of our atmosphere had »►. i set into a tingle by the great —— r ■■ ■ ~'~= M 'N Ottilie Guenther, who was recently given * te UoIhgc b% Pope Piua X isaChicag jn ■ .i daughter of Ulto Guenther of the firm of t ...milter, Bradford A t • This i* not *hc first time «'u 1 >• been honored by the head of her laith, r.eo MU. having granted her a special audience a year N-t • hia death. Mias Guenther has been taking a law . ourae in the I’niveraity of Berlin. She ha* .1. much nhilanthropu work among the poor It..!' oi* of Chicago and will resume this when she returns there nest month. She will be graduated fto Northwestern University ! aw School in lfc*7. eruption. The waves passed over our heads, the air in our streets, tin* air in ( our houses, trembled from the volcanic impulse. The very oxygen supplying \ our lungs was responding also to the i supreme convulsion which took place 1 10,000 miles away. It is needless to object that this could not have takeu place because we did uot feel It. Self registering barometers have enabled these waves to be followed unmistak ably all over the globe. Such was the euergy with which these vibrations were initiated at Krakatoa. that even when the waves thus arising had converged to the point diametrically opposite lu South America their vigor was not yet ex- (Coattmnd M nut p»j* column (.) AWFUL BALLOON VOYAGE. German Military Aeronauts Safe Only After a Terrible Ex perience. War Airship Was Driven Five Hun dred Miles Over Baltic Sea and Dropped in Swedish Snow Bank— j Barely Averted Drowning. The progress of balloon experiments in the German army has just received a severe setback by the fearful experi ences of two members of the Aero static Corps, named/Wolff aud Brand, who have returned to Berlin after hav ing been given up for dead, following a balloon ascension, during which they completely disappeared. The two men were blown all the way from Berliu to the Baltic Sea. where they were driven by a gale clear across that body of water, and finally landed, half dead, in a little village in Sweden, traveling al together more than five hundred miles. The story of their flight is one of the most thrilling in the history of bal looning in Europe. ENABLE TO MAKE DESCENT. The two balloonists, caught in the gale in the upper air, were blown at terrific speed for three days, unable to make a descent without being dashed to death. As the wind seemed to slacken, the balloonists opened their valve, prepar ing to descend. Whak was their horror upon seeing as they dropped from the douds that the open sea was beneath them. They tried to shut the valve, but were only partly successful. When within a few hundred feet of the water, the valve was closed by Wolff, who climbed up to the cordage surrounding the gas bag to do it. But the balloon still dropped ncy r the sea. Finally, desperate, th** balloon- I isis climbed into the balloon's rigging and cut the basket from under them. Clinging to the cordage atxmt the balloon, the two meu hung between hope and fear for a few moments as the bag seemed to hover uncertainly. The thought came into their minds I simultaneously that one must dr«*p off and lighten the weight to sav** his comrade; otherwise both must drown. But slowly the bag began to rise once more. : CLI NG TO CORDAGE FOR HOURS. I After cliuging for hours to the eor ; cage, thousands of feet in the air over i the sea, the two soldiers made out the I j.ind. As soon as it was safe, the valve was opened again, anil the balloon was allowed to descend slowly. The two ! men landed in a snow bank within a 1 few miles of a little Swedish village. They had to walk two miles, almost exhausted, through the snow, aud col , lapsed just as they reached the first ! cabin. — "Thet there tree. Mlrandy, reminds me amazinly uv a Jay-bird.’' "Look-a-here, Si. vew're gettin’ dli>- py. Haow on airth kin a tree fallen acrost th’ road put yew in mind uv a jay-bird?” •’Becuz. Mlrandy, It hez blew daowo. I | Glddap, Nance.” Earn Morefloney i....___ _ - - - - - i • International Correspondence Schools. • i Hut WIT. M BINTOV PA. • flense explain. without further Ohlt**tlon en try part , . how I inn aiuil.ty f. r * »nrer salary tn the peat d , non NT. r- « I !.*t» iv.arK-*l X 1 % M ' ItoiiL Lreper «***»■ Draft**** ' »irK,.*r«,.hrr 1 rlrpkanr I ■*treer , H-.rm.ofrl "rllrr I'lw. I l«htl»C »»pt- H I Show Ur] U rlter We.H.n KnaTarv-r • ■i Nl.Jo. I rlmmrr *«rT*j*r 1 l lllwtnilar tl. II Ki»«Ue*r • |H tl«ll«cr<lre U«lUl»f C..n(r«.-Ur < hrmt.t ‘rrtltH l DrafUa*. • Tettlle Mill »•(>.■ Vrehlteet 1 i Klertrl. UK Mrwetnrnt *«««■»** | I Ire. » ncUerr HrlJ«e » »|l»«r • K»rr»M I'Uiaker Mli.U|» «*l»«r 1 l.w f \ siw(t ! V _ * », • CUJ *taw •] I- - * Secure Your Future To earn wore money —to secure your future —to luceeeti in lift — cut out, till in and mail to the International t'oraeepondence Schools the above coupon. They will show you how you can fit yourself easily and quickly in your spare time to gat morn money in your present poaition, or change to a more cougeuial and better paying occupation. Mind, the sending of this coupon does not obligate you to pay oaa cent. It simply gives the l. C. S. the opportunity of proving how easy it is for you to improve your condition right at home without ueglectiug your present work. No risk to run. No books to buy. The I. C. S. is an Institution with an invested capital of over $5 000,000, and a reputation of 14 years’ successful work It has taken a dav laborer and qualified him as an electrician with a \ salary of $3OOO a year. It has taken a bricklayer mid qualified him to become a building contractor with a business of his own of *200.000 annually. It has takcu a tailor ami qualified bun to establish of his own a yearly business of $50,000. It has taken tons of thousands of men and women of every age and iu every walk of liie and in a few months qualified them to double, triple, quadruple their salary. To learu who they are ; how it wusdoiie ; how puu cau do the same, till iu the coupon and mail it to-day. Succeed In Life PART TWO THE STATE OF SEQUOIA. The Same of the Originator of the Cherokee Indian Alphabet to be Honored. The decision of the convention. I which recently met at Muskogee. In* I dlan Territory, upon a name f<>r the new state to be added to the l nlon ; brings a total of thirty-three states ' which have adopted Indian titles for State names. The convention, after some little discussion, decided that the new state should be known as Se quoia. aa a tribute to the great Cherokee leader, and is a fitting honor which America owes to one of the reallv great nil men of this conti nent. The Cherokee Indian alphabet ■*as originated by George Gist, a half breed. known*to the tribe as Sequoia. Ue was a statesman and a peaceabl© leader among the tribe. He was an Illiterate man but the idea of an alphabet for the Cherokee tribe was conceived from the brands he saw on cattle. He carved eighty six charac ters with bis hunting knife out of pine bark, then he called the wise men to gether. and explained the rharacter*. The tribunal council adopted that, and in later years one of the tribe trans lated the Bible into the Cheroke© language, through which medium THE HALF-BREED SEQUOIA. Christianity was first taught muon* the Cherokees. It Is to Sequoia that tie Cherokee nation owes Its splendid system of schools. While In search of a lost band of Cherokee Indians in 1844. Sequoia lost his life California has already honored him by naming the "Big Tree ' of that state “Sequoia gigatea" after him Fnciand knows tb’s tree a* tha ••Wellington!.!.'’ Thirty-two of the stares of tha mien hare adopted Indian titles, bat they nr** usually place-names; n.-* rtafe commemorates tn its title acy original American tririzen. True we have Delaware named for Lord Do le Warr. Pennsylvania for the Quak er. William Fenn. and one for George Washington, but hod© to cenusemorai# f n Indian.