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FLEET WHICH THE SEA SWALLOWS YEARLY.
At the news of some terrible s hlpwreck In which hundreds are crowned —like the recent wreck of the filrlo —the whole world stands aghast, lamenting the loss of so many human lives In a single accident. In fact, such catastrophes as attract public attention are happily rare Others less striking happen, however, from day to day. The above cut from "L’lllust ration.” suggests in a pictorial way what a navy the sea devours in a year. Statistics of maritime losses and accidents published by the Bureau Veritas (the French Lloyds) show that in 1905 389 steamships and 649 sailing vessels, a total of 1.038. were lost. So each day blind ocean** swallows on an average three ships, a barge, a schooner und a steamer. AMERICA THE OLDEST. NEW WORLD IN REALITY MOST ANCIENT OF EARTH. Scientists So Conclude After Finding Skull of Broad-Faced Ox in Alas ka—Precursor of the Buf falo. Seattle. Wash -From the discovery In the valley of the Yukon of the giant skull of a broad-faced ox. known to science as Ho* Ijitlfrons." the geolo gists and others verg'd In the mystic lore of the time when the old earth was In her baby days read the start ling fact that the western hemisphere should be termed the "old country" and that Mother Asia after all Is much the Junior of the American continent K S Strait, of liawson. has sent the skull of the prehistoric monster to the Alaska club, of Seattle Secretary Sheffield proudly shows It to ali com ers ar one of the treasures of the club The skull of the great creature was dug out of a gold mine on one of the creeks entering the Klondike near Dawson From tip to tip the horns measure 3G Inches. The skull Is sup ]toned to have been pushed alniut to gether with rock and gold nuggets by the action of the glaciers of the past Scientists claim that the Itos 1-atlfrons Is the precursor of the great Amer ican buffalo. They also state that there Is reason to believe that the western half of the world knew noth ing whatever of the horse ami camel and that these were products of a later age and long following the time when humanity and animal life throve on this continent. Prof. K. S Meany. of the University of Washington, examined the skull with great Interest He said, regard Ing it "The forsll skull sent to the Alaska club by K. S Strait is undoubtedly a specimen of the broad faced ox A few years ago a similar specimen was found underground on claim IS above, on Bonanza creek, near Dawson, and was presented to the I’nlverslty of Washington by Judge Arthur K. Grif fin. Of Seattle. "The same creature formed part of the lift* in Oregon during past g«*o logic ages The greatest authority on such things In this region Is the ven erable Thomas Condon, professor of giMilogy at the University of Oregon In fils valuable hook called "The Two AN OLD MORMON SHRINE. FIRS'! CHURCH BUILT BY JOSEPH SMITH. Is Still Standing at Kirtland. 0., as When Erected by the Prophet- Now Used by Latter-Day Saints. Klrtlnnd, O.— Tin* first shrine of Mormonlsm Is hIIII stnndlnK «• Klrt lnnd. O. If the occupants of the liftlo cemetery near It could rise, they would toll how tunny u fevered zealot gave his lands, his home nnd his nil to provide funds for the build ing of the temple. It was In 1830 that Smith appeared In Klrtlnnd, nnd with his coming there was a social revolution, the like of which Ohio had never witnessed. Hus bands left their wives and children, mothers deserted their homes nnd babes were placed In the poorhouso. The end came when Joseph Smith was compelled to flee the state of Ohio. The temple was nil that was left be hind. "A storehouse of the Lord.” ns Smith called It. was begun In 1831. and by 1834 wns completed. Its found ation was laid on seven small ridges or hills In imitation of the Homo of old. The dimensions was about GO by Ixs feet. The Btono wnllß are two feet In thickness. Tb*» temple stands to-day about as Inlands" Is found this paragraph about Bos I-at if runs ” ‘The precursor of tlie buffalo In Oregon was thin broad-faced ox His horns were longer and stouter and his bony forehead was wider than that of the buffalo, measuring 19 inches across the line of the eyes HI? skull was not only very wide, but unusual ly thick, being two and h half inches In midforehead.' “The book contains the picture of a skull that was found five or six miles east of the I>allas. Ore "Klsewhere In the book Prof Con don speaks of the probable age of this creature as follows: “ The field Intended by the term surface beds includes all slight de pressions of the surface producing (Hinds with sediment enough to pre serve bones and teeth washed into i them, and also swamps and tM*gs into which large mammals often sink to their death, leaving their bones to such preserving agencies ns might occur there And inasmuch as the ■ latest great surface-leveling agency of the north temperate rone was that of the glacial ice. most of those surface depressions would date from glacial times, and would, therefore, Ik* prop- I erly designated as Pleistocene. Fur -1 thermore. up to the glacial jierlod the horse and the camel were abundant here, ami the question of their contin uance in Oregon through glacial times Is still in doubt, so that our group of surface sediments must provide the settling testimony on this question. " If the bogs, swamps and minor surface depressions furnish no horse or camel bones, then must it be nc cepted that the glacial cold drove CRIPPLE CURED BY DREAM. Nightmare Results in Restoration of Dislocated Hip. Mnrlnn Ind \ dream terminated with unuoial reality l:i the rase <»f George Gilpin. who has been a cripple for many years Gilpin suffered a dls location of the hip joint a number of years ago Surgeons were unable to Join the dislocated parts properly-and he has b'M-n compelled to walk with crutches since the accident. The In jured log became shortened as the re sult of the accident and he could not walk wlth-Mit the aid of crutches. Wednesday night (illpin had a It was when built. On the first floor i Is the main audience room, filled with walnlit benches surrounded by a high railing The doors to flic pews have locks or catches, so that when closed whoever Is speaking Is reasonably sure of holding his audience. At each end of the room a series of ' elevated thrones, one rising above the other, markH tin* position during 1 worship used by the dignitaries of Joseph Smith s reign. Hows of hooks in the celling shov. how the curtains which were once used were arranged to divide the floor Into four apart ments The floor above is bare ami deso late looking. About CO chairs placed CRIME ALARMS NEGRO LEADER Booker Washington Says Lawlessness of Black Is Pronounced Atlanta, On. —"Malting all allow ances for mistakes, injustice and the Influence of racial pride, 1 have no hesitation in saying that one of the elements in our present situation that gives mo most concern is the large number of crimes that are be ing committed by members *of our race. Tho negro la committing too much crime, north and south," said Hooker T. Washington in an address to the National Negro Business league. j those mammals away or destroyed them. It is plain that the mammoth elephant cot him a coat of fur and lived through the cold spell of tho times. The fossils of this group of ! surface beds, such as the mastodon, the mammoth, the broad-faced ox ana mylodcn. though (jeeply interesting, - bring added historical attraction from . the fact that a large part of their geological period overlaps that of pre historic man ' [ “While it must be largely a matter of conjecture even with the most > skilled geologists, it is interesting to note that Frederick A. Lucas, of the Smithsonian Institution, published in McClure's Magazine for October. 1900. an article on the Ancestry of the Horse Illt-t trating the article was a i diagram giving the times of geologic ages as computed hv Henry F. Os ln>rn. the paleontologist of the Amer ican Museum of Natural History, of , New York In that diagram the Pleis , tocene which Prof Condon gives as , the age of the broad faced ox. is put , down ns extending from about the 500.000 years of the I'pper Miocene to the present time. 'Such specimens as this new- arrival at the Alaska club start interesting • trains of thought, it is only necessary’ I here to suggert one. The so-called new world of America is in reality a very old world, and It may be that tt • is the oldest land on earth The an cient inhabitants of America were strangers to the modern horse, camel i and ox. These creatures were evolved on the eastern hemisphere and were brought to the western hemisphere since its discovery by Columbus Yet geology discloses the indisputable evi ■ deuce that the progenitors of these useful creatures did exist here in the dream. He imagined that a number of men attacked him and in self-de fense he struck with both hands and kicked with both feet. When he awoke he was greatly surprised to learn that he was using his right leg Then he attempted to walk and was delighted to learn that hi' could. He was about the streets during the day and his friends could hardly he made to be lieve his story of the dream. Surgeons say the only expinna: of tin- queer recovery is that while Mr (•ilpln was asleep the muscles and tendons became relaxed and when the violent exercise brought about by the dream occurred the dislocated hip Joint dropped hack into place. hero Indicate that it Is need as n sort of lecture hall, hut in the days of Smith curtains divided this apart incut Just as below. Rollers fastened to the ceiling of the second floor, together with a sys tom of pulleys, enabled the operator to raise or lower the curtains of both first and second floors at the sane time In tin* third story several pa titlons running north and south make a number of separate chambers. The Reorganised Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the bod' which worships in this temple, now tries to follow literally the Hook of Mormon, which, he it known, prohih its polygamy. The doctrine of plural wives was one of Smiths "revela tions." Yet this sect defies Joseph Smith, polygamy and ail. "Wo cannot bo too frank or too strong in discussing the harm that tin* committing of crime is doing; to our race." ho continuod. "Let us stand up straight and speak out ami act In no uncertain terms in this direction. Let us do our part and then let us call on the whites to do their part." Mr. Washington condemned lynch Ing ns one of the greatest hindrances to the progress of the black race. As illustrating the progress which tht* negro Is making he said the blacks la Georgia owned at least $l!O.Ol)i).OUv) worth of taxable property. The south, ho said, offered the best opportunities as the permanent abidiug place of th. masses of the race. HORTICULTURE A FARMER'S NURSERY. It It Easily Managed and Should Be ? Feature of Every Farm. A si!. i home nursery is easily man aged a:. ! :n many eases highly profit able.' W, ,e old orchards of good stai.da varieties exist, it is a com par*ti\* simple matter to grow young . . Ity planning a little ahead. * farmer may grow* his own fruit • and plant a considerable orchard .• slight expense. Seed good quality must be pre served -•■•»w stocks for budding or graft!::- This Is done by cleaning and v :.g them when they are re moved m the fruit and allowed to dry ir. • sun. They may be kept over ’> in a box of moist sand, or pi’.- leaves left out of doors. It is i allow them to freeze, which ' ;ack the shells sufficient ly for ring The seeds are sown in ro" dree feet wide, and three to six ln< apart in the row. Stocks usual! r ain sufficient size to bud or graft v. •»* one year's growth. , Methods of Grafting. Ap; plums and cherries may be Brown grafting. while peaches. ;»ears < -berries are more frequent ly bn Hither operation requires that g : >•••.' >ns 1h» obtained from health •»*s of the desired variety. This * here th*- farmer may make use of g*«*d varieties of the neigh* borho In • winter, before frost has in jured ’wigs, cut Good scions for sprint -fting Take those from the most >ti< trees, particularly from the en : - ' the main branches, where the b . ire well developed These may and into bundles and kept in th< it until used Buds are cut as th* • needed Gra c i' a simple operation which may • .trned with a little practice and t be done in the winter when other »rk is not crowding. The most cessful graft for nursery prac tice the tongue graft. T ie root. a. is cut. as shown in Vie. w :h n tongue, which is fitted into a r.' ;ch cut in the scion, b. The two a e 'tuck together with the bark lay « - opposite and th**n wrapped with a * >rd or string Ordinary N « 1 * cot u wrapping twin.- best, as it rots »p >y the time th*' Graft is ready to -•! ' The grafts a-, j laced in cellar ir time to plant n spring They ar -et six inches a; ar‘ in rows 'hree wide with two ad- on the scion e ground aiding is d •*• ;n the summer >o a the scions are ::: most vigor growth Th. scions should be f-oni strong health) trees Trim leaves as shown in Kic - at a and 'f the buds ,i' the> ate set The> inserted under the bark at b. an 1 •ped with twtne or raff.a to keep 1 securel) in place After the have begun to grow vigor- usly ops of the s*ocks ma> be trimmed •imulate growth • r once well smarted, says the i and Home, 'he bodies sb n l be clean to prevent undue branch ! and in.’ e them g-ow tall r, >od vatlou is neeessar) at all times. ' will usual!) grow from one to feet high during the first year, if the soil is favorable, will be !y to transplant to the orchard second autumn SPADE DEEPLY FOR TREES. 1 und Should Be Well Prepared for the New Tree. hen a now tree is to !>*• set out the tnd should !>«■ well pn parol for it •*n largo plantations are t > l»o put a plow may ho used in tin* prop lion of the ground. More often. 'over, the spado is used for pro mg the ground in which trees nre do set. The depth of the spado is it ten inches, which is about four 108 more than tin* depth of or ary plowing. The depth of the do, says the Farmers' lleview. »ild he the measure used in turn over the ground for trees The ice so prepared should he ten to t more in diameter, and this pro ed space should he increased as tree grows. The object of the e . 1 • remen t of the space is to prevent forming of a natural watertight sin in which water would accumu -• to the detriment of the tree. To Check Tree Growth. If a tree persists in making too - ich wood growth, head it in severe late in the summer, about the tine* tn* wood stops growing and begins to ripen up for winter. This has a ten .vnev to check wood growth and in i ice fruit bud formation. Apples slum Id he picked when they i re. fully matured, but before they l.a* begun to get mellow. THE CODLING MOTHS. Autumn and Winter Habits of Thi» Troublesome Enemy of the Orchard. An examination of the fruit in the fall will show how important a late spraying for the apple orchard is. The codling moth begins early and thins out the fruit by means of its first brood. This fruit is out of the way early. It drops off when less than halt grown. These early larvae enter the apple at the calyx, as is well known. Later comes the moth for the second brood. She lays her eggs largely on i leaves, where they do not damage, but some of them are laid on the green apples, and the larvae that hatch out enter the fruit wherever it is most convenient. So the scientists have told us. and a little observation will prove it. These worms are caught by the late July spraying. A film of poison on the apple will put an end to the worm before it can do any in jury. Much has been learned about the codling moth within recent years, but there is still room for further re search. The worms that hatch on the leaves eat the under side, and have been known to burrow along the mid rib. There is reason to suppose that they can develop in the leaf Is it often that they do this? That may explain why the insects are plentiful, even after a year in which there have been scarcely any apples. Not having fruit to live in. they have grown up ' in leaves. If this should prove to be the fact, it will be as important to spray in "off" years as when there is fruit, perhaps more so. as the larvae can be killed better on foliage than on the apples. This is an interesting question, and one which owners of or , chards can assist to answer. Not only are there two broods of the codling moth during the year, but it is now considered possible that there might be three, though that many have not been actually reported. Hut the development of the pest differs so much in the length of time required that there are mature insects from the beginning to the end of its season. We can get along quite well without a third brood. The codling moth larvae hides away somewhere in the fall, or as soon as i: leaves the apple: then spins a cocoor. but does not become a pupa till the return of warm weather. If it is in an orchard it hides in crevices of the bark, on tree trunks or under rubbish. The fewer hiding places there may be. the greater is the probability that it will be picked up by birds, fowls or predacious insects, or attacked by ichneumon flies before it can find win ter quarters The moral is obvious clean up the rubbish. The codling moth came from Eu rope. but unfortunately did not bring its enemies with it. There are sev eral of them, so it appears. The de partment of agriculture is now inter est ed in them, and has been experi- J menling with several. The results | have been sufficient to excite the hopes \ of fruit growers. In time the codling moth may go. as has already been dieted, but that time is still some dis tance in the future There is as yet no safe and easy means for getting rid of the worm in apples, and there may not be till spray pumps are worn out that are still unmade. PICKING BAGS. Tn the northwest great pains arf taken both in picking and packing Huckets and baskets and baps are all used, and one man says that ho pro vides his pickers with coal scuttles. The one great object is to provide packages from which the fruit cannot readily be poured inti* the barrel, but which must be gently and slowly un packed. Hot tomless bags are use I by The Apron Picking B.ig. some. In tht'in tin* fruit is permitted t.» roll from tin* bottom While those might answer with oranges. says the Rural Now Yorker. they should not l*o used with tirst-class apples. as tho pouring into tho has will suroly brulso tht'in As Prof, .1 ml son says, tho aver age piokor cannot withstand tho tomptation tt» stand up and let them sluH*t out t*f tho bag when the fore man's back is turned. Tho best pick in" bag appears tt* bo tho on*' shown in our illustration This is callo lan apron bag. being usually made from a heavy grain sack It hangs in fn*tu convenient tor tilling. and is shallow s«* that tho tirst apple can be laid in it without dropping. Noth hands are free tt* pick, and tin* bag will hold all that tho wear* r can easily carry, yet it can not be poured out unless the picker stands tin his head. This seems to b ■ the best way tt* avoid bruising in pick ing and handling In th • orchard. Tho apples are put from thl* nron bag into apple boxes. Those used for orchard handling have a slot in each end for » hand, and they can be easily nicked up anti carried to the packing shed. Fir this journey a spring wagon Is used, or if the distance is short a stone b.' la frejuently employed. Glass Building Works. The making of glass bricks for build ings as well as paving has become a recognized European industry. The Germans have carried the invention further than anybody else. In Ham burg glass walls are erected where light is needed, yet where, by police regulations, walls must be both win dowless and fireproof. These bricks are translucent, admitting light, but permitting no view of the interior. Mexico’s Marvelous Cacti. Mexico has a cactus which grows toothpicks; another, ribbed and thickly set with toothpick spines which fur nishes the native with combs; there is another castus, the long curved spines of which resemble fishhooks; there is another which is an almost perfect im itation of a sea urchin; still another resembles a porcupine; there is still another covered with red hair which la nicknamed the “red-headed" cactus. “How do you find business?” He asked of the rising Young merchant. H»- answered “By good advertising.” LEARN EXPERT SHORTHAND New. quick method: Jlo to $-•’> posi tion guaranteed. lesson free. Pernln Business College. Denver. Even a graceful man looks ridiculous when he attempts to pat himself on the back. AVIA CIGARS Will not make you nervou* A«k your d«a>r or The M Hyman Cigar Co.. Slo iTth street. Denver. Colo. The millionaire who is compelled to subsist on crackers and milk finds it easy to believe that poor people eat too much meat. Write f->r cloth sample* of mr 110 Hand Tailored Suits, made by I. Rude, the little tailor, 15th and Curtis St . Denver. One good thing about having poor re lations is it makes you feel so virtuoua to give them wornout clothes you can't wear. Denver Directory crnvc KEPAIKB of every knowa mU* WlUlb 3 ,f stove. furnace or range. Oeo. A. Pullen. 1331 Lawremr. Denver. Phone 724. r ™J r3 J. H. WILSON STOCK SADDLES a.«k your <lrai*r for them. Take no other. BROWN PALACE HOTEL European I'lan. *1.50 and Upward. AMERICAN HOUSE blocks from union d-pot. The t eat $: per day hotel la the West. American plan Oxford Hotel Denver One block from L’nlon Depot. Fireproof. C. H. MORSE. Mgr. WANTCn-MEN ANP POT? to learn plumb- T?MW I Cuing trade day *r, 1 r.icht \-»*es: graduate* admitted to ur.t >n: life scholar ships, special rate* f>r « the way to sue. e*s ata'. free < ,»lom.b> S<'hiMil Prac tical Plumbing. IftlS-Sl Arspah.*e St.. Denver. E. E. BURLINGAME & CO., ASSAY OFFICE * ND LABORATORY Established in Colorado. 1566. Samples by mail or | express will receive prompt and careful attention Bold&Silver Bullion "* li o"S'-e“uicMr.«r i Concentration Tests — 100 1736-1738 Lawrence St.. Denser, Colo* Finest rooms and equipment, best teachers. actual business methods. Awarded many gold medals for super b>ru. % Fall term opens August 21st. lowest rates. Write to-day for beauti ful free cut.Cogue \V. T PARKS. Pr. Com'l So l*i pal. Club Building. 1731 Arapahoe St. DKMKK 111 -INESS 1 NIVEHSITY. R •***» * hand Itrv.mt K\t- -l -\ her*. ■ - »i lulnment: >m • fug >h ■•tli vt'd typewriting etc. On’.- - ««■«•:■» and t-ird In t’nlver «l ' bui.d.na p —r: >ns securest y'atal g free. Colorado House Tent. COLORADO TENT AND AWN IN'CI CO. largest canvas goods house In the West Write for Illustrated catalog. Kot't S Cut shall. I* res. 1621 Lawrence St.. Denver. Colo. ORGANS U/A KITE fl YOUNG MEN TV HII I L U for the NAVY .ages 17 to 35. must be able bodied, of good character and American cttlsena. either native born or naturalized. Ap ply to Navy Recruiting Office, room 22 rinno*»r htilldllU Denver or room 4lt PualolUco building. Pueblo. Colorado. HOWARD E. BURTON.. Specimen prices: Hold. all.er. i«ad. II; cold, silver. 7be. gold. 30o; sine or copper. It. Cyanide testa Mailing envelope* end full price list sent an applies'lot Control and umplr* work solicited l.esdvllle. Cel*. R*f*r*sca Carbonate National Hank.