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NOTES FROM MEADOWBROOK FARM
By William Gitt Have you mowed the weeds along the roadside? A little forethought will prevent many a vain regret. Liming the soil destroys insects and fungi, and it also corrects any acidity which may exist in the soil. A combination ration generally gives better results than the single ra tion In growing beef animals. Scrub animals may gain in weight as rapidly as pure-bred animals, but they will not bring as good a price. Remember as you house your poul try for the winter that they can stand lots of cold, but very little of drafts or dampness. ' Why not have a blackberry patch on that unused corner of the farm. Set out a good variety and you will be repaid for the trouble. Present indications are that while the hay crop this year has been good the demand will be quite equal to the supply and the present prices main tained. Don’t make a practice of overwork ing the horses. They may stand it for a while but will soon break down under the strain, and then —you are the loser. Don’t turn your roast of meat with a fork, as the punctures made allow’ tlie juices to escape. Rather take a spoon. Show this to the wife or tell her about it. Look over the flock night and morn ing and any little irregularities in the sheep or lambs will be detected and easily overcome; whereas neglect may result in loss of animals. "Three moves are as bad as a fire,” was Franklin’s opinion. Be slow to make the move which will lose you the present farm and take you to an unknown and untried section of the country. I The blackened wood and leaves on i the pear tree caused by blight should be cut out without delay and the cut tings and leaves burned. Dip the knife used frequently in a bottle of || alcohol to disinfect and prevent spreading the disease. The day when the speculators run the agricultural fairs has passed. Now i in almost every case these shows are of the farmers, and by the farmers and for the farmers, and as a result they are serving a valuable mission in the agricultural industry. Interest your boy in the farm by making him a partner. Ask his ad- Tice about things. Don’t dictate to him too much. Let him use his own judgment sometimes. What if he I does make mistakes? It will be one way of making him more thoughtful and careful. Sun scald is the effect of the sun .on small trees in the w’inter time, followed by freezing at night. When the sun shines warm against the trunk of the young tree the sap will start and in some instances will de velop sufficient moisture to do con siderable damage. A few trees may be protected by shields, but trees in large plantations should be leaned to the south. ' Sw’eet potatoes must be handled most carefully to be kept successfully. As soon as the tops are nipped by frost they should be removed from the plants, even if not ready to dig, for we have found that the decaying tops will affect the roots. While the Irish potato is a tuber or underground stem, the sweet potato is a true root in which the plant has stored up food for another season’s starting of the eyes around the upper part. The Pacific Dairy Review in speak ing of the move for sanitary milk de clares that it may do as a philan thropy or a hobby, “but as a business we will first have to educate the con sumer to pay the price the production of such milk Involves.” If by sani tary milk is meant certified milk he is right, for such milk cannot be produc ed except at greatly increased cost, but if the term sanitary is used in it 3 rightful sense we believe the paper is wrong, for sanitary merely means cleanly and no man has any business In the dairy business who is not clean by nature and disposition and method. We fear that a good percentage of the dairy farms of the feountry would not bear close inspection. There is big room for improvement in the ordinary methods of handling the cows and their product. Look about you, Mr. a? d ud e for yourself. Breed counts, but feed and care count more. Careless picking and packing loses many a dollar to the fruit grower. In mating a team not only color and size, but strength, endurance and gait must be considered. Accustom the heifer calves early to being handled. It will make their handling when calving much easier. Even the common cow will often as tonish one by the results she will give with proper care and generous feed. Is the well close enough to the barn to catch the surface water when it rains hard? This is important. If it is stop using that well. Make things snug for winter. Get everything under cover. Store the root crops properly. Do everything you can to cut off winter losses. Again this winter you will probably wish that you had built a silo. Make definite plans for building one next year, and then don’t forget the corn to fill it. Three things are needed to handle a horse in the breaking. A good whip, but use it little. A rear rope, use it kindly. A surcingle and trip rope, best of all. I3e sure in distributing the manure that the thin bare places are well cov ered. Sometimes the fields that need it least get it because they are handy to the barn. This is a mistake. When unhusked corn is fed to the cows care must be taken to supply only the requisite amount of grain, which can be determined by selecting an average shock, husking out the ears and ascertaining how much shell ed corn it carries. The only preservatives which should be used in milk are cleanliness and cold. Milk through a sterilized cheese cloth cover on the pail, remove the milk at once from the barn and cool to 60 degrees or below, and the milk will not sour sooner than it should. The horse stepped on my foot the other day. My, how it hurt and how the hot blood rushed to the head and made me want to use the whip on the animal. Hut it was not his fault. It was my carlcssness. I am glad I didn’t lose my temper, for to punish a horse for something for which he is not to blame is to do the animal a real and lasting injury. A farmer who has had much experi ence with quack grass and the meth ods of eradicating it says he finds that the only way is to dig it up root and branch, and he accomplishes it in this way: He goes over the field with a spring tooth harrow, followed by the ordinary harrow several times. *As fast as the roots accumulate under the harrow they are gathered and carted to the road or put into a heap with dry straw and set on fire. Green tomatoes left on the vines after the first heavy frosts can be ripened by pulling up the whole plants and placing them on a freshly spaded corner which is sheltered. Spread them on the ground and cover with straw, leaves or burlap and thus the fruits will ripen beautifully. Another way is to turn a dry goods box into a ripening-house. Put in sliding shelves that can easily be shoved in and out so as to examine the toma toes and have a close-fitting door. Keep a warm, moist atmosphere in the box and the fruits will ripen well without the sun. The quality of the butter depends much on the nicety with wliich the various processes are carried out. As soon as granules are well-formed water with a handful of salt should be added and the churn agitated slightly. This thins out the buttermilk, makes it more fluid. The salt adds gravity to the caseine and settles it. If this butter is left in the “wash” for a few minutes undisturbed, the butter will all rise to the surface in a distinct mass, and then the buttermilk can be drained out from beneath it. Do not draw out all of the fluid. Stop when you think it is nearly all out and re peat the process two or three times, or at least until the water runs clear, but the last time let the butter drain all it will. Then let the butter stand in salt brine 20 or .'lO minutes and it is ready to mold for market. Soil nitrogen is lost In three ways, by crops, by gas given off in free form by the soil, and by leaching. A recent experiment of the Minnesota station has demonstrated that 30 bushels of wheat will remove something like 40 pounds of nitrogen. If the ground be kept in wheat for 12 years there will be an annual loss of about 95 pounds of this element through the drainage waters and air. For every pound that is taken from the soil to make the crop, more than two and one-fourth pounds are lost In the other ways named. It should be noted that this is true If the ground be kept in con tinuous cultivation to wheat. When a rotation of crops is practiced in which clover is grown, live stock kept and manure used, the supply of nitro gen Is maintained. There will be a certain amount of nitrogen lost through the air and drainage waters in spite of all that can be done to pre vent it, but this can be more than returned by the growth of clover and the application of manure. RELIC OF SCOTTISH QUEEN. Englishman Owns Handbag Once Property of Unfortunate Mary. In the possession of Dr. A. F. Ger main of llrighton, England, is a beau tiful embroidered little handbug. It is an interesting relic of a bygone time, and figured in a famous scene. When the unfortunate Mary, queen of Scots, was led to execution this lit tle satchel of violet velvet formed part of the costume she wore. It contained a rare and costly handker chief. As she passed to the block, Mary took the dainty handkerchief out and handed the bag to her favor ite attendant. Lady Jane Douglas. Sho cherished it ever after as a memento of her lamented queen. The little hag is made more interesting and valuable by the fact that Queen Mary herself embroidered and made it. The needlework is very beautiful and rare, being peculiar to the time of the beautiful young queen. Until recently the bag has been in the possession of the Douglas family in Scotland, be ing kept at Castle Dumfries among the family heirlooms. A late Lady Douglas presented it to a favorite brother-in-law, Sir William Watkins Wynn, and this gentleman, realizing the appreciation of Dr. A. F. Germain for this interesting relic of the un fortunate Queen Mary, gave it to him, and it is still in his possession. The bag is prized very highly by Dr. Ger main, and he keeps it in a glass case, with a descriptive historical note at tached to it. DO BEST WORK AT NIGHT. Quiet Hours the Proper Time for In tellectual Labor. Prof. Victor Hallopeau of the Paris Academy of Medicine declares that the best Intellectual work can be ac complislied between midnight and dawn. “The true secret of long con tinued, valuable brain work," he says, “is to cut the night in two. The scholar, the inventor, the financier, the literary creator should be asleep every night at ten o'clock, to wake again at. say two, in the morning. Three hours’ work, from two to five, in the absolute tranquillity of the silent hours, should mean the revealing of new powers, new possibilities, a wealth of ideas un dreamed of under the prevailing sys tem. From eight to eight or 8:30 sleep again. Take up again the day's work; the brain will still be saturated with the mental fruits of the night vigil; there will be no effort in putting into practice or carrying further what was planned or begun those few hours be fore. The habit may be hard to ac quire, but mechanical means of wraking at first will induce the predisposition." By Proxy. He was a man with a large rotund personality, ancj he stood at the head of a large line of impatient men, wom en and children who were waiting for a chance to pay their fares and get past the turnstile of the elevated rail way at Madison and Wabash, says the Chicago Tribune. He was searching leisurely in his pockets for the necessary nickel, and it wasn’t in any of them. Finally he produced a five-dollar bill, which he slowly and methodically unfolded and passed over to the monopolist inside the ticket office. “Dom his bastcly hide!” fervently exclaimed a man with a strong Tipperary accent, half way down the line. “O, you mustn’t talk that way!" said a sweet feminine voice directly behind him; “but thank you very much!” Tobacco Bmoke Poisonous. It is often said that tobacco smoke is a powerful germicide. The com position of tobacco smoke is complex, the principal constituents being oils of a tarry nature. Nicotine itself is a strong germicide, but the quantity of this poison In tobacco smoke is minute. The oil matter which accumulates in a tobacco pipe is highly poisonous, but does not contain any appreciable quan tity of nicotine, the chief constituent of residue being a very poisonous oil known as pyridine.* Tobacco smoke contains a defcided quantity of carbon monoxide, which is a preservative and which must possess germicidal prop erties. Recently it has been observed that one of the principal constituents accounting for the germicidal prop erties of tobacco smoke is the power ful antiseptic formaldehyde. At the Literary Club. “How did everything come off at the literary last night?” "Well, the barbecued beef was tiptop, an’ the Brunswick stew couldn’t be beat, while the corn liclcer had enough beads on it io make a pearl necklace look sick.” “But —was there no lit erary discussion?” “Lemme see, now —I believe the president did hit the vice president 'side the head with a copy of Runyan's ‘Pilgrim’s Prog ress.’” —Atlanta Constitution. Loaded. The old man looked reflectively at the brass tip of his wooden leg. "Then," he said, “the surgeons took me up and laid me carefully in the ammunition wagon, and —” “Hold on, captain,” said a listener. “You don’t mean the ammunition wagon. You mean the ambulance wagon." But the captain shook his head, "No,” he in sisted; “I was so full of bullets that they decided I belonged to the ammu nition wagon.” Putting It Mildly. “You resent that critic’s opinions?” “Not at all," answered Mr. Storming ton Barnes. "Whut I resent is his egotistic presumption in considering his opinions to suff'clent importance to warrant their public expression.” In YTRAGOon this Store Offers You The Best Boys’ Clothing Made You the Label in Every Garment HI gv They Are I ||p /2Sj| Absolutely Guaranteed &BB '*>•" Sg* l THERE are not many makers who have HB |j|j|gj| f - y ■*" reached the mark of superiority by which B _ iMlll ,we judge boys’ clothing; only about one in ten; you f||||j BV \ v can count them on the fingers of one hand. / . \j But we’ve found the best of all. We’ve gone over the Hflß W /"• \ / / field, sorted, sifted and rejected until we’ve settled^ 1 mi' A' upon and know that T\ A I XTRAGOOn I W lip I|\ CLOTHES FOR BOYS ij\J? B Kl represent the best any maker can pro- b , & \* /T& K|[ duce, the best any store can sell, the best ,ly f c y/l f||H any customer can buy. &&'/ J&fwL ft lj In X T P*9 OO D you get fit, style, quality j and better service. You secure more of i v Ifeta va * ue * n these respects than in ordinary clothes because of the higher grade of [■ 'i imgjM cloth, linings and materials used; and | f I fm" / because of the newer way of cutting, fit- / ? * .£ * \ l ting and shaping these into garments. S jMjjgf Keep the name XZE&S2SD in mind. Remember it in connection with this store. If* V Come here for boys’clothing. i... \ 1 U,/ * or School and alt Occasions. —Boys* double- r '‘ _V HH ? breasted coat and panto Bulls, eleo Norfolk*, ages 7 to f >Bfi 17; also Russians, Sailors and Juniors for youngsters fif ■Hj M 2.'j to 10. A great variety of fabrics that are suit* •*;'** r a f ill y able and all the colors and patterns desired. Prices $5.00 to $12.00. INGTON-ELUOTTI ~p *’*” 00 Shoe and Clothing Co. |H EDERHEIMF.R. STEIN A CO. MAKERS DELTA NATIONAL BANK ...Successor t 0... Farmers & Merchants Bank Capital Stock • $50,000.00 With ample capital and strong bank connections we in vite your account, promising you every accommodation con sistent with conservative hanking. It is our aim to con duct our business strictly in the line of commercial bank ing, not engaging in any out-’ side enterprises. Officers and Directors-. GORDON JONES, B. P. SMITH. President. Vice Pres. H. H. WOLBERT. N. W. CHILES. Cishlcr. Asst, Cashier. L. W. Swciuer, Fred N. Dickerson. John J. Travis. Milton R. Welch. AS SOLID AS THE PYRAMIDS Yon will find our roimirM to any make <>f wheel—we make them to hurt, and ‘.pan* neither time nor material to af ford you perfect wit inflict ion. Acci dent* will happen, bicylo* will break; but wo bend every enenry toward niukinK your win-el a* k<»<*l hh new when it seetn Into Imd Hha|»n. Keep ing it that way if you will stive uh the opportunity. G. C. ENGLISH, Bicycles HE HANDLE STEEL CIAD AUTOMOBILE POLISH IN 35c. 60c and Bsc. SIZE BOTTLES. GEO. C. WILSON t Manufacturer and dealer* In AND Repairing neatly done, DELTA, OOLO We do Job Work of all kinds with neatness and despatch. Profe««l<>9&l Mjd &u«l9e«« Ca^rd* I L. MacD. BURGESS Physician and Surgeon Office over Stephan & Obert’s, Delta W. ALVAH RIDLEY Physician and Surgeon Office over Stephan & Oberts; Residence, opposite High School. Phone Colo. Red 382. i ■■ l L. A. HICK, M. D. Delta, Colorado. o. p. McCartney Physician and Surgeon ! • Delta :: :: :: •: :: Colorado — H. K. GIBBS J. E. WHEELOCK Osteopathic Physicians Co-Op. Phone, Office 59, Rest. 63- F. Delta, Colo. ' I C. H. BURGIN Physician and Surgeon Office in rooms previously occu pied by Dr. Hunter. Office Phone, Red 262; residence, Red 672. W. J. FAIRFIELD, M. D. Physician and Surgeon. Office in llilluiHii Htiilriintf, nccond floor. Onto. Phone. Office, 878; Ibwidonco 083. Delta, Colo. MILLARD FAIRLAMB Attorney at Law Office South Main St., Delta, Colo. ASHLEY FORREST, B. M. Instructor in Piano Porte anil Musical Theory. STUDIO OVER DfITA NAIIONAI BANK DELTA. COLO. A. E. AMSBARY, Clerk of the District Court. Lurid Offici* piipcrH of all kind* orcpnrnd. KnlricH and llmil proofn taken. Money to Loan. DELTA, COLORADO GEORGE STEPHAN Attorney at Law Practices in State and Federal Courts KING & STEWART Attorneys at Law Real Estate, Loans and Insurance H. J. BAIRD Lawyer Owes Rooms 4 and 5, Hillman lU«>ck Phu “* DR. A.. R. DOUTHITT, Veterinary Surgeon Office at Hornsby &c Gilbert’s bam Colo, phonr. Red 652 Co-op phooe 20 J. H. ANTROBUS Architect and Superintendent Blue Print Plan* for public or private build* inga, with complete specification ■ and contract Phone either lnih , i**n(lont l.mnlierCo. or (Jraml Mi«*n Luiiilnt t o. R. B. ROSS Surveyor Pitch Work n Ciilifomiit Miwit. W mihw HOiitliwc*t of Delta Adilrew, Olnlhn R. K. I>. No. I WILLIS A. DAVIS AUCTIONEER (lo nnywhere. Hut inflict ion tfimrnntwd. Ternm rciiAotinhle. Ituncli mid *t<>ck miliv* ii H|M>ciult>. Writi*, photic or me liefore r Ini mi UK n date. DELTA, t’O-LO. MILTON R. WELCH Attorney at Law U. S. Commissioner Special attention given to Pre-emption, Dcßcrt Land and Coal Pre-emption Filings Desert land yearly proofs, pre emption, homestead and desert land final proofs taken. Delta, Colo. Brotherhood of American Yeomen. • Fraternal Insurance Order. Meet* in Odd Fellow* I Ml the 2nd and 4th Tue*day'» ol each month. Vialintt memltcr* are welcome.