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Chronology of the Year 1919 t:!lUl:,M;iNtN:Mlnuu!lmiIli;il;lltt;n;uiULml!fl;liiu!l;L'4; Compiled by E. W. PICKARD WAR AND PEACE J. it:. 2 1'rt-sulviil SVii.n arrived in luily. Hiitisii lairl.til iroiT in ti'.nn. Lilian iirni U'iniiau to rnn.'ii.i the lji.lsW'Vikl. Jim. 0 l-'iVKiiii'iu W'il-m'i leculvcd in ItuIlK'. Iluuvi mixta head of inK:.'mit.icjn;il re lief ot Ljan.iiaitun. ' 1'ok.s in iafl piiHfit'.siu:i if i"o:seli. Jan. I -Ni".v Si.ii'iaii-i '! u .maii-Siovcne K'.H rn mrli I fornard at Vt I:;.iic. i i s ! - : i . iki i aptnif.l lti:i. Jan il-iiii wai- beiern yoven,iiHnt fonvM i. ml ti.e Siiarlavans hruUe nut in Merlin. I ;if lalii-r vapluicl liiu i:iutfau ersu.al. Jan. 7 i'l esidi'iit Wil.-iun returned to 1'ariH. Utilin rioters fun-eil Ct n. Harries to haul iImvvii tit Aiiitrii-aii 'l;u;. Klien lat iion on top ';i liiriin after se vere siivi-i liljtiiif;. Jan. '.i- IndepL-nd.-Mit socialists set lip new eoverniiKi.t in llnriin. Jan. In iti-pu'.iiic prociainied (n I.uxem buiur, Inu sniJinessed at once by tlie French. Jan. 11 Socialist republic proclaimed In Breint-ii. Count Karolyl made president of Hun garian republic. Jan. 12 Supreme council of peace, con gress held its first. mueiliiK i. i'aris. Sparlat mis deicated in Hui'iin. Kpartacaiis gained coutiul of Constance, Baden. -- Jan. 13 Many Spin; .ans executed in JBefltH. Jan. 1" Oratlii Duchess llarle of Lux emburg; nliilicaled and a.' succeeded by lier sister Charlotte. Jan. it; Karl Uubknecht an 1 I'.osu Lux emburg UillciJ.in Merlin. Jan. 17 L'liunter-icvolution h.oke out in Petrogt-.nl and bolsheviUi organ retreat ensttranl from Ksihonia. Armistice Kianted Uennany expended one montli. Jan. 1.- Interallied peace congress for mally opened. - Jan. Hi- liolshevlsts raptured Kiev. 1 i " :h I . coalition cabinet funned by I'a dercwMii. ticrtr.an elections resulted generally fa vorably to the majority socialists. Jan. -J! White iiussia proclaimed its union v.Uli '-lie IttiKAiian soviet republic. Jan. Z'S Allied supreme council asked Russia n factions to send representative to conference nt the i'rinces' islands, Sea of Marmora. Jan. -a American troops forced to re treat from Slienkui'sk, northern Kussia. I'eace conference adopted plan for LeiiKUe of Nations. Czechs captured OderbuTg from the Poles'. Jan. President " Wilson" visited " the Chateau Thierry and liei.ns regions. Feb. 1 rian of tiivin-j Cerinan colonies to allied countries as mandatories of League of Nations adopted by supreme council. l-'eb. . 4 Kli;htin between Czechs and Poles stopped by order of supreme council. Americans defeated bolshevik! at Vistav ka, northern Kussia. German no1, ennneiit troops bombarded jBremcri and c.i.M-ted U'e Spai lacans.- l-'cii. li - CH-inifin national assembly opei i d 'n Weimar. l-'eb. s -Unssian anarchists evacuated Vilna. I'"eb 11 INilisli constitutional assembly met In Win saw. 1'eb.. 1!-1-i-it ih-rleh Klu-rt elected presi dent fit' Herman republic ami i'iiilipp 8chcid-ma nn inade pn nner. Fell. 1 lu-jiuhlican revolt in Rnumaula; Kiny l-'enhniiiiil sliyhtlv wounded. i-'eb. 1H Urn ft of l.eauue of Nations plan complctcil and adopted by coiumis sion. len. Denlkine's antl-tiolshevilt iinnv rea-hed the Cnspic.ri after heatih hiu aovict army an-I taktni; :il,'ii. prisoners. l-'eb. l."j Pro ..idem Wilson sailed for home. , l-Vb. lfi tiertnans Accepted nevv terms for renewal ef armistice, under pi-cu-st. I-Vh: i;i fremler Clemeneeau ? ad in Bhoulder by an anarchist. (lovernnienis of Siberia. Archanuel and Southern Itussi-i formalle te.ie-etcd the proposal for conference-ai j'rite es' Islands l-'eb L'l rretnier Kurt Kisner cud sev eral other members, of the Uavariau gov ernment assassinated l-'eb -.'l--rrcsidcnt Wilson landed in Bos ton and Hpohe. in behalf of l.- auue of. Na tions plan March ' j I'resident Wilson sailed for f'ais, March !i Manv Sicir-t.-icnns suinmnrily executed in I'.crlln after l-liMid;.- battles. March 111 I'resident Wilson lanucu In I-'rance. March 111 I'kralnlanii captured Lenibei-?? from l'o!cs March Count Karolyl, head of pro visional government of Hungary, re xined, nud new novernment proclaimed solidarity ami armed alliance with the Kiissian soviet Kovcrnment. March l.'"i Hrit ish "secretary of War Chun hill announced Kit-.pt was. In a vir tual state of Insurrection. March 31 C.eneral strikes and fatal riots in 1-terlfn and other (ieriuan cities. April 1-Several hundreds killed In trlke riotR in l-'rank fort April 4 Soviet novernment established In Munich Antanas Smetonatj elected president of Lithuania-! republic. April 7 Ukrainian soviet troops captured Odessa. UeTieral ptitke In Magdetiurg, followed by riots. April 0-'' government tronpfi regained possession of .MaKdeluirR anil Kssen. April 1iV Oerieva, Switzerlatid. chosen as eeat of Lciiutie of Nations American engineers reached Murmansk. April if. ,!en. Mailer's Polish divisions left l-'rnnce for Poland. April lti Lilian seized by Herman troops nd Lettish provisional government over thrown. April 17 First-bolshevik nrmy. on the Pripet surrendered to I'krainians, April IS Soldiers' council took control of Vienna. April 1 Reds put to rout in Vienna. April 20 Kvaeuatlon of Sebastopol by allies announced. April 21 Victory loan campaign opened in U. 8. Ukrainians took Kiev from bolshevlkl. April 24 President Wilson declared Italy could not have Flume, and the Italian delegates abandoned the peace confer ence. Mexico declared It would not recognise the Monroe doctrine, and withdrew its minister to France. April 28 League of Nations covenant unanimously adopted by peace confer ence. April 29 German peace envoys reached Versailles. April 30 Peace council decided dispute ever Klau-Chau In-Japan's favor. May 2 Most of Munich taken by gov ernment troops. May 4 Wilson, Lloyd George and Cle meneeau Invited Italy to return to peace conference, promising; to give her Flume after two years. Burrender of Hungarian soviet govern ment announced. Jtfay Complete peace treaty adopted by allied delegates. Great Britain recognised Independence f Finland. - Chinese cabinet Instructed Chinese dele gates not to sign peace treaty. May 7 Peace treaty banded to German delegates. U. 8. recognised government of Finland. May 14 Austrian peace delegates ar rived at St Germain. May IB Greek troops occupied Smyrna iter ngnuni f it Nmw ann eemmlst aerern' oisnt of Huncary set ud at Arnad. iUf IS British ships oefeatea bolshevik est In. Quit of Finland. liafy B Qermaa dsleamtea siren exten sion of time to May to reply to terms. lay Si uimsnrs rspiy w peace lenss a-8rltlsh warships defeated eel- IBS SMUG. ., '' 'f . June 1 Rhine renubllc proclaimed In va rlous cities, with Dr, Hans A. Dorten at Its head. June -'i I'eace terms presented to Aus tria's delegates. v June 6 U. 8. Senate adopted resolution asking hearing by peace congress lor ''tree Ireland" representatives. June 16-Allles' reply to German counter-proposals and final draft of treaty handed to Germans and seven days al lowed them to sign. June IN President Wilson visited the ruins of Belgium. Hussian, cruisers Oleg and Slava sunk by British warships. JttTie r.i-itn-'lian cabinet resigned, being refused a vote of conlidence. June I'c German government decided to sign peace treaty and the Scheidemann cabinet rescued. June L't-Castav flauer formed new Ger man eabinct.' . - Surrendered German warships at Pcapa Flow nearly all sunk by their crews. Franecsei, Nitti made premier of Italy. June Ti Herman national assembly vot ed to slun treaty. Allies refused any fur ther moilitinition of terms. June MHerman government officially agreed to siin the treaty. June Woody rioting -in- Berlin and llauihui-i;. June Allies rejected apeal against di--uieiuherinent of Turkey, June JS--pence treat v with Germany signed at Versailles, only the Chinese del egates refusing to sign. vVnrf.iro Jictweeu Gel mans and Poles censed. .lone IS-President Wilson sailed from France. July President Wilson arrived at New York on George Washington. Julv. 9-tlertuan national assembly rati fied peace treaty by'vote of lie! to llo. Julv in-tillicial notification of ratifica tion of peace treaty by (Senium assembly given peace conference at Versailles. Julv II -Trade between I'nited States and Germany ordered resumed by slate department lit Washington. Julv 12-F.nver Pusha, Talnat Bey and lijemal Pasha, leaders of Turkish gov ernment during IVar, condemned to death hv Turkish court martial. July 14 Victory parade in Paris marked Bastille day. Julv l!i-Great victory parade in London. Julv IM-Complcted text of treaty with Austria handed to delegates from Vienna. "Terror troops" reported In control of Budapest. Belli Kiln ousted. July 21-British house of commons passed pi aee treaty and Angjo-Frcnch pact. July ::i-l 'resident , Wilson sent l-'rancn-Anicrieun treaty to the senate. July ill Polish parliament ratified treaty with 'Germans. Aug. 1-Socialists seized control In Hun gary and Boln Kun and his communist government fled. Aug. 4 Bouinanlan troops entered Bu dapest. Aug. G Austrian delegates made coun ter peace proposals. Socialist government of Hungary over thrown and Archduke Joseph put in power as governor, supported by entente. Aug. I'.i- Six' bolshevik battalions de stroved battle on the DVina. Aug. 17-1 'our bolshuf ist v essels sunk bv lirillsh Meet in GiuTt of Finland. 'Un'.shevikl drivitri'out of ud.-ssa by Uciu kine. Aug. 22-A.rf hduke Joseph resigned a head of IHnn-'ariun government. Aug. - Si Two I'. S. regiments ordered from V. S. to Sib-si t. Sept. 1 .ieneral Pel-shin.,' sailed for home. ' Martial law In Munich. Sept. 2 Final peace terms 'handed to Austria. Sept. :!Srrprcmc cniinil ordered Bou tnanlans to unit Hungary nini restore loot. Sept. li Austrian national assembly vot ed to sign pJ-iue treaty, under protest. Supreme council awarded fc-pjuhorg.-n to .Norway Sept. In Pr.' Karl ft'-iiner .signed the peace treaty for Acstria. Piaee treaty reported to I'. S. senate with suggested a tuenilmcii! s and reserva tions. Sept. I- P.ulslie-ikt announced ipture of Kolclia'k's southern army. 4,"..-rti men. li'ATrmmzin at head of Italian tro .ps seized Flume; other troop-', ordered to disarm his men, mutinied. Sept. hV China decreed separate peace w itli ( Senna ny. Sept. !! P'-ace treaty handed lo Bulga rian delegates. . Sept. L'j-Italians ousted from Trad by Anieihan marines, who turned town over to Jugo-Slavs. Seit. '7 Peace cimfei-iuice ordere-1 ulti matum to Germany on evacuation of Lithuania by Von iler Gol-tz' troops. Oct. 1 1'Miians and herbs fought in Spa lato; am kil'e.l. " Bussian northwestern army began of fensive against holslieviki. -Get. 2 -Fall anieiid-ncnts to peace treaty 1'e.lc ted by the senate. French chamber of deputies ratified peace lreat and treaties wirh America and Great lu.iiain. Oct. ii - B .isbe iki evacuated Dvinsk alter great defeat. Peace treaties ratified by Italy by royal decree. i let, s Germans and Uussians attacked Kiga. (let. 10- King George signed British ratj ilieiition ol German n'eaty. o.t. II Part of Itiga taken hy ilussvi Gciuiati foi-i-e and Letts lautlel at Libau I--;- eounter-at tat-k. Fram e latilied the German treaty. ('let. 1:1 -League of. Nations ollicially brought inio being. ( let. la General 1 letilklne announced cap ture of Orel tind other victories over bol- Hheviki. OcU lfl Kusslan nnrtliwest army took Pskov and Tsarskoe Selo. Oct. 17Kronstadt taken by British Meet. Oct! -'! Bolshe'ikl recaptured Tsarskoe Selo and Krasnoe Selo from White army. Oct. Ueverses for Denikine and Kol chnk ri-ported. Oct. as White army resumed advance on Petrograd. Nov. 11 Holslieviki recaptured Gatchlna from Vudenitcll. Nov. 7 Lodge preamble to treaty ratifi cation adopted by senate. 4S to 4(1. Supreme council ordered Roumanian troops out of Hungary ut onre. Nov. ill Senate adopted reservation" to Article X of league covenant. Nov. 14 D'Anniinzlo seized Zara, Dal matla. Nov. 15 Ten drastic reservations to treaty adopted by senate General Vudenitch retreated to Estho nian border and resigned command of Hussian Northwest army. Bolshevists captured Omslj. Nov. 1H Senate rejected ratification of treaty with and without reservations. Nov. 21 Lettish troops captured Mitau from German-Huss army. Nov. 27 Treaty of peace with Bulgaria signed. Dec. 7 Russian bolshevlkl offered terms of peace lo Ksthonia. Dec. S Supreme council warned Ger many that allies would denounce armis tice if protocol were not signed. Dee. 12 Bolshevlkl captured Kharkov, Denikine's base in southern Russia. jec 4 Agreement reached by England, France and Italy that Italy shall have Finnie; D'Annunzio to hand city over to regulars. Dec. 17 Bolshevlkl announced capture of Kleff and Kupiansk. Dec. 18 German delegates declared Ger many could not deliver the 400,000 tons of harbor and dock material demanded In reparation for sinking of interned war ships at Sea pa Flow. Objections by D'Annunzio's troops blocked the 'turning over of Fiume to the Italian regulars. David Lloyd George announced the al lies would make peace with Turkey with out waiting longer for America. DOMESTIC Jan. 2 Michigan legislature ratified pro hibition constitutional amendment. Jan. 7 Legislatures of Ohio. Oklahoma and Colorado ratified the prohibition amendment. " Supreme court declared constitutional ths act forbidding shipment of liquor into dry territory. r - Jan 8 Berger, Kruse. Germer. Engdahl and Tucker Socialists, convicted in Chi cago of sedition and disloyalty. Tennessee. Idaho and Maine legislatures ratified prohibition amendment. Jan. West Virginia ratified prohibi tion amendment , Attorney General Gregory resigned, ef fective March . v Jan. rmnimiiim i"-- "-"w by Illinois. Alabama, Arkansas, Califor nia. IDOiana, iwsnaaa uv nvrtH uiiimu Jan. 16 Iowa, Utah, Colorado. Oregon and New Hampshire ratlDed dry amend ment, Jan. It-Nebraska ratilied prohibition amendment, making the three-fourths majority necessary, and Missouri and Wyoming followed. Forty-six I. W. convicted of con spiracy in Sacramento. Cal. Jan. 17-Wisconsin and Minnesota rati fied prohibition amendment. Jan. - 21-Nevada ratilied prohibition amendment. Jan. 29-State department proclaimed ratification of prohibition amendment and get Jan. 10, 1920, us date when it is eftec rtve. ' Feb. 10 Suffrage amendment .JseUten In senate bv one vote. 1 Feb. lSBerger, Kruse, Germer, Kng duhl and Tucker, socialists, sentenced to 2o years' imprisonment for violating es pionage act. Feh. . 2.". New revenue law, signed by president, went into effect. Feb. 2J II. C. Wallace. Taeotna, ap pointed ambassador to France. A, Mitchell Palmer made attorney gen et al. March 1 Norman HapKuod made minls . ter to I lenluark. March S-Victory loan bill -passed by senate. March 4 Congress adjourned sine die. April 7-Thonms Nelson Page, ambassa dor to Italy, resigned. April Hi-Hugh Gibson appointed first F. S. Minister lo Poland. April 2!i Postmaster General Burleson directed -return of cable companies Co., pri vate ownership May!'. April .'iti-plot to kill many prominent Amerlyuns with limited bombs uncovered. Slav 1 .Mav day riots in many cities. May 7-1'iesldent called extra session of conyress for May 19. May 19 Special session of congress opened: Gillett elected speaker, I'rederick G.ilett, elected speaker of next house. May 20 I'resident Wilson's cabled mes sage read to congress. .May 21 House adopted woman suffrage constitutional amendment resolution. May 27-l)r. Lynn Harold Hough elected president of Northwestern university. June 2 Anarchist plot to destroy hnmes of law enforcement officials in eight east ern cities ,-menipted. Two persons killed. June 4 Senate adopted woman suffrage '-constitutional amendment resolution. June a-Piistmaster General Burleson surrendered operation of telegraph and telephone systems to the companies. . June' 10 Legislatures of Illinois. Wis consin and Michigan ratilied woman suf frage amendment. July l-Wartiine emergenrynohlbiUon law went into effect. July 11 Federal trade commission re ported to President that packers planned complete control of all foodstuffs. July 12 President Wilson vetoed agri cultural hill because of its provision . re pealing daylight saying law. Julv Kl-President A. C Townley and Joseph Gilbert of Noi.ar'tisan league of North iJalio'.:-. found guilty by jury at Jackson. , Minn., of conspiracy to teacli disloy;iiy. ,L,iy 21-Unce riots In Washington, four persons killed. July 27-Buee riots In Chicago; two killed, manv hurt. July 2S Chicago race war spread; 3G in nil were killed and hundreds hurt. July :i'--State troops In action to quell Chicago ra'-e riots. Julv HI Government relinquished con trol of the telegraph and telephone sys tems. Aug. 1 Congress repealed daylight-saving law. Aug. (1 President Wilson ordered civil and criminal proceedings against the "Big Five" puckers. Aug. S President Wilson addressed con gress tin high cost of living. Aug. 14 Henry Ford, won libel suit against ChFago TribufTe, with nominal damages. Aug. IS- President - Wilson - vetoed the davliglit-saving repenl act. Aug. 2ii Daylight-saving repeal bill passed over president's veto. A. Mitchell Palmer' confirmed by senate as F. S. attorney general. Sept. 2 Bill to make Pershing general for life passed ttv congress. Sept. --President Wilson started on speaking lour of country; Sept. 4 Pershing nominated general and conlirme-l liy senate. Sept. :"--Seei etary of Commerce Redfield resigned, effective Oct. '21. Prohibition enforcement bill passed by senate. Sept. li Charles M. Galloway resigned as federal civil service commissioner, and attacked postmaster General Burleson. Sept. 7 Great fake stock swindle plot liarel bv arrests In Chicago. 'Five hundred convicts at Pontiac, 111., revolted anil, killed n guard, Sept. S-General Perilling landed at New York and was given great reception and commissioned general for I'I'e. Sept. 9 Cardinal Merrier of Belgium landed nt New York. Sept. 12-Cnl. J. I. Bell. Brooklyn, elect ed cnmtuonder-in-chiof of the G. A. U Sept. P--Thnnks of congress given to Gene'-al Pershiior. Sept. 2i; Prescient Wilson's trip ended bv his il'nefS Sept. :" (Sreal mob in oinaha lynched ttegl o prisoner, fen: ht puli. e. set tire -to coiir'hoitse an 1 almost killed Mayor F. P Smith Sept. ::o--'Br:ind Whitlock made nmhas sadi'.r to Be'gium (let. 1 -. Fc. e wliit men and eleven ne croes ki!b-d In race war at I'laine. Ark. rt . King and queen of the Belgians landed In New York. (let. 2" -1 nterna i i"'-a I -trade conference opened in Al'antic Citv. (let. 27-President Wilson vetoed prohi bition enfiu-cenic ut hill and house re passed it, (lit -.s Senate passed prohibition en forcement Mil over president's veto and It became law. Farmer's national congress opened in llagerstow ll. Md. (let ill Secretary of Commerce Bedfleld retired from the cabinet. Nov 4 Republicans won election (n Massachusetts. New YorR and Kentucky and Democrats won In New -Jersey, Marvland and Mississippi Wets won in Ohio. " - Nov. 7 Hundreds of Beds arrested by federal agents nil over country. Nov. 111 W. W. members fired into American Jesion parade at Cenlrnlia. Wash., killing four ex-soldiers; one of murderers lynched. Prince of Wnles arrived In Washington. President Wilson left his bed for first time in six weeks. Nov. 12 Franklin P'Olier elected na tional commander of American legion. Nov. ir Secretary of the Treasury Car ter Class appointed 1J. S. senator from Virginia. inv 1S House adlourned. Nov. 19 -Senate adjourned. Nov. 29 F. S. Senator Newberry of Michigan ami ' 134 others indicted for election frauds. p,,,. 1 Regular session of congress opened. Dee. 2 President llson s message reaij to congress. Congressman J. W. Alexander of Mis souri made secretary of commerce Dpo. 10 Tlepiibl'cah national committee set the convention for June 8 in Chicago. Dec. 11 Dr. H. A. Garfield resigned as fuel administrator. Dec. 1 3 Senator Johnson. California, announced his candidacy for presidency. Dec. 15 U. S. Supreme court upheld con stitutionality of war-time prohibiii jn act. Dec. 16 Senator Harding, Ohio, an nounced his candidacy for Republican nomination for presidency. ' Dec 17 Big packers agree to discon tinue 'all their side lines. Dec. 19 Victor Berger, convicted Social ist, re-elected to congress from Fifth Wis consin district. INDUSTRIAL Jan. 9 Great strike of marine workers of New York begun. Bloody battles between strikers and troops in Buenos Aires. Jan. 12 New York strike ended pending 'arbitration by war labor- board. Jan. 13 General strike in Lima and Callao, Peru. - Jan. 31 Great strike in England, Scot land and Ireland. ' Feb. 4 Building Trades Employers' as sociation declared a lockout in New York. Feb. General strike In Seattle to sup port striking shipbuilders. .-eb. io Seattle general strike called off. March 4 Marine workers at New York struck again. April lb New England telephone work- ruck. April gfc-rww E.Mna imiii amSS May 14 Chicago milk drivers struck. May 16 Great general strike In Wlnnl- TS'ay M Chicago milk wagon driven won their strike. ' May H General strike called In Calgary and Edmonton, Canada. 1 Msy General strike la Toronto. . . . . . -J -- June S Toronto strike called oft. June 6 Commercial telegraphers' union members in southeast struck. June 8 Detroit carmen struck. June 10 General strike of telegraph op erators started. " ... June 22 Gompers re-elected president of A. F. of L June 23 A. F. of L. declared for 44-hour week for all crafts and U. S. employees. Julv 18 Building Employers' association of Chicago locked out 200,000 employees because of carpenters' strike. Boston street car men on strike. - July 28 Strikei of Atlantic coast ship workers ended. . ." - July 29 Chicago surface and elevated car men struck, ' July 31-Police of London aniT.r.ngllsh provinces , called on strike, btjl few re sponded. . Jf , . Aug. 1 Chicago street carstrike ended by compromise. Railroad shop workers owU. S. struck. Aug. (i Brooklyn RapidTransit work ers struck. B Fourteen railroad unions demanded In creased wages. Aug. 7 Actors on strike in New iQrk. Aug. 12 Actors' strike spread to Chi cago. Aug. 14 Railway shopmen voted to re turn to work , . Aug. 24-1'aeific coast railways tied up by strike. . . Aug. 2o-rresldent Wilson granted 4 eent an hour raise to railway shopmen and issued explanatory statement to pub lic, calling for Industrial truce. Aug. 2(1 Railway shopmen's committee rejected President Wilson's offer and or dered vole on strike by the. men. Aug. 29 Pacific coast railway men voted to call off strike. Sept. B Actors won their strike. Sept. 9 Three strikers killed in riots In Hammond, Ind. I'nionlzed police -of Boston struck. Sept. 10 State troops called to Boston:, seven persons killed in riots, a Steel workers' committee called strike for September 22 against United States Steel corporation. Sept. lfl Carpenters' strike in Chicago district ended bv victory for union. Sept. 22 Great strike of steel workers begun. Two killed and several hurt in riots in Pittsburgh region. Sept. 27-B'ritish railway men struck. Sept. 29,-Sirike begun in Bethlehem steel works, Oct. 1 Lockout and strike in printing trade in New York; many publications suspended. Oct r Serious strike riots In Gary, Ind. British rail workers' strike ended by compromise. Oct. fi Federal troops sent to Gary and martial law proclaimed in Gary,. East Chicago and Indiana Harbor. - Industrial conference opened in Wash ington. Oct. 10 New York harbor tied up by & X v k f s Oet. 14 Nation-wide strike of soft coal miners ordered for Nov. 1. Oct. IB New- York harbor workers' strike called off. Oct. 22 Labor bloc .withdrew from in dustrial conference because Its resolution on collective bargaining was rejected. Oct. 21 Industrial conference dissolved. .Miners rejected all offers of compro mise Oct. 2' International congress of work ing women opened In Washington. Internatinnal labor ' conference opened in Washington Oct. 21 Government obtained Injunction against the coal strike, Nov. l-strtke of soft' coal miners be gun, Nov. SFedernl Judge Anderson ordered mine leaders to call off strike by Nov. 11. Nov. 11-Mirers'; union ortictals canceled -the strike order. Nov. 2:1 Now York printers voted to abandon strike. Nov. 27 Government's efforts to end coal strike by negotiation failed, miners rejecting offer of 14 per cent increase in wages. Dec. 1-Wnr time coal order renewed by Fuel Administrator Garfield. ' New industrial conference opened in Washington. - Dec. 2 General strike In Borne, Milan and Florence, Italy. Dee. S Fuel Director Gartield Issued drastio orders' for conservation of coal. . Dec.' 9 Compromise olTer from Presi dent Wilson presented to miners' offl cl.ils. Dec. 19 Miners accepted President Wil son's offer of II per cent wage increase and commission to determine scale and conditions for future, and called off their strike. Pec. 11 London tailoring contractors and garment workers struck. FOREIGN Jan. 20 - Royalist revolution broke' out in Portugal .Ian 21 The Irish parliament met in Dublin and proclaimed the independence of Ireland. Jan. ' 2a - Portuguese royalists defeated in several batlies. Feb. 17-Portuguese government an nounced roval'st rebellion wis ended. March 19 Wireless telephony estab lished between Canada and Ireland. April 1.1 Open rebellion in the Punab, India June 13 Pcr'ons anarchist riots In Zu rich. Switzerland. Julv 1- Great food riots In Fori!. Italy. Julv s King Fniuianucl of Italy issued decree that iroliteers will be lined and imprisoned and goods confiscated. July 11 Resignation of Viscount Ishli ns Japanese ambassador to Fniled States announced by government at Tokyo. July 2S lioi-lor Prssoa inaugurated pres ident of Brazil. Aug. 1 Antonio Almeida elected presi dent of Portugal. Aug S About SO killed In food riots In Chemnitz. Germany. Aug. 12-Shah of Persia fled his country. President Tinoeo of Cnsta Rica lied. Ba tista ijuiroz took the office. Aug. 13 Viscount GreJ- made British ambassador to America. Aug. P Suppression of Sinn Felners In County Clare, Ireland, caused much fight ing. Sept. 8 Honduras revolutionists forced President Bertrand to flee the country. Kinjuro Shiilehara appointed Japanese ambassador to I'nited States. Sept. 2S Luxemburg voted to retain Grand Duchess Charlotte as ruler. Oct. 7 Norway adopted prohibition, ex cepting wines and beer, by plebiscite. Nov. fi Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxemburg married to Prince Felix of Bourbon-Pnrma. Nov. Ifi Lady Astor elected member of British parliament. Nov. 16 Radicals routed In French elec tions. Nov. 2(1 British government proclaimed suppression of Sinn Fein and like organ izations inrougnoui ireiana, Dec. 19 Assassins attempted to kill VIS cou IT Frencn, iora ueuienum 01 ireiana. MEXICO 'April 16 General Blanquet, revolutionist leader, killed in tight. May 29 Vllllstas proclaimed revolution ary government with Gen. Felipe An geles as provisional president. Juarez. June IB Several Americans in El Paso having been, killed or wounded by shots from Villistas, American troops crossed to Juarez and attacked the Villa- forces. "NJune 16 American troops routed Villls-, tas at Juarez and returned to El Paso. ! July 6 Armed Mexicans attacked and robbed boatload of American sailors near, Tampico. " ' Aug. 16 British charge ordered from Mexico by Carranza. I Aug. 17 Two American army aviatort held for ransom by Mexican bandits,' Aug. 19 U. 8. troops entered Mexico in pursuit of bandits. 1 Aug. 21 Carranza demanded withdrawal of U. 8. troops and President Wilson re-1 fused. Punitive expedition killed four ban-, dlts. I Aug. 24 Pursuit of Mexican bandits by U. S. troops abandoned. 1 Aug. 29 Complete victory of Carransa In elections announced. ' I Sept.- 1 President Carransa In address: to congress defended Mexico against ac: cisations, denounced League of Nation and defied Monroe Doctrine. 1 . Sept. 2 U. S. army aviator shot by Mex icans near Laredo, Tex. - I Sept Mexican government protested, against U. . aviators flying over Mexico. 1 Mexican rebel organisations sppesiea ic. United 8tates to restore order In Mexico. Nov. Zapatistas surrendered to gov ernment forces. Nov. It-General Angeles, Villa's chlel aid. captured. Nov. it U. B. requested Immediate re let m of Consular Agent Jenkins, arrested at Pucbta on charge of complicity Srttt bandits who kidnaped him. . nmntttimnnnnninnnntmnnnni C3-OOC3L There never was a time when good gates en the fsrm pud such high dividends. They save time, high priced crops, feed and many times they save the lives of our most valuable animals. The attractive Can't-Sag Gate is permanent, substan tial and good looking. It is made of ten ribs of steel se curely bolted together, with boards between, it's a com bination of wood and steel, light, but strong. They will make your work easier. They will not drag or sag. Ask for the Can't-Sag gate. We have them painted and all ready to hang. Or we will sell you the steel and bolts ?nd hinges and you can make your own Can't-Sag Gate. , Log an.- Moore Lbr. Co. BUTLER, MO. LOMOCO SERVICE PHONE 18 The Name on Your Policy Is What determineb how fairly a claim will be met and how promptly it will be paid. THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY By a Century's record of prompt, fair settlements totalling over $3oo,ooo,ooo.or has established the good name of Insurance service. GAINES & HUPP, Agents Office Phones 23 and 399 Residence Phones 365 and 400 SEE Denton-Coleman Loan and Title Co. FOR FARM. LOANS and ABSTRACTS BUTLER. MO. is-tf , ' Were You Lver Asked To Give References? Then you know what a wonderful ' satisfaction there "References ? Sure ! Just ask the Peoples Bank.' Keep your valuables la our bow Safety-Depoalt Vault Moderates Rates. PEOPLES BANK or butler -; 'The Bank on Which - 'f'4" is when you can say: 3L i V You Can Always BankVf4 . :.', ': " . . . ..!-. ..: -!. 0 '.';. ' f'.'-.' ' ","-' -''.( ;'-". ' ' . i- : v. ' s ;'-.-'r. ' v '"" ' ' HiiX ' "