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ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM, ) 1XVAHIABI.Y I ADVANCE. VOL. 14. GLASGOW, MO., THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 1853. NO. 41 NEW ARRANGEMENT. Horses. Iluggics, Carriages, &c THE unilrrsitrnril having our- . .. Schascd the Livery Slahle of JVIcss.isfUflir Emkrkon Handlkv, beg leave to announce' to their friends ami the public, that they will lie at all times prepared lo accommodate the travcllins public, or pleasure parties, with (joo.l Saddle Horses, Buggies and Carriages. In addition to the stock purchased with the stable, we have made addition, both of horses and car riages, and will he continually adding, asourcus tom may demand, anil will stand ready at all times to accommodate such as may give us a call, as well if not better than has been custrmary, and at pri ces which shall be -atisfactorv. (feSr A good hearse, and careful driver, too-ether with carriages, at all times ready for funeral ocr-a- ' Sions. y Horses kept by the day, week, or month F. FISHER. A. A. I'UUH. Glasgow. March 10. 18P3 1v SMITH'S HOTEL, GLASGOW. MO. A The undersigned hus opened a laage and commodious Hotel between Second and Aflird, and Market and Howard streets, in this city. His house is new and fitted up in the very heil style, and has ample facilities for a first class iiotel. He has spared ne pains in making his rooms eiegant ana comloi taDlc. His table will at all times be furnished in a manner to gratify the ut- 1 most reasonable wishes ot his gnests. The situa-' Hon of his house is one of the qbst pleasant and , "sridB tt lie are respectf iilly invited to trive him a call. April 7 WM. N. SMITH DENTAL SURGERY. T. T.MAJOR. RESIDENT DENTIST. GLASGOW, MO., RESPECTFULLY announces to the citizens of Glasgow and vicinity that he has located per manently, in this place.' Persons wishing work done in Lis line will , please call, as ho has spared i:j pains in procuring!!! be: t n.ak-i i.ils and latest improvement- that can be nailn the science of Dentistry. Teeth inserted either singly or by the set, with or without gums, inexact imitation of Cleaning. Filling, and Extrlllting done in a sci entific manner. Particular attention paid to regu lating children's teeth. Ladies waited on at their residence in town or country, if desired. Charges moderate, and all operations warranted. Mr Room at the Glasgow House. April 7 tl L. E. TAVLOn. H. L. WHITE. Taylor cfc Wlaito, (Successors to F. W. Digges it Co.) Wholesale and Retail Druggists. GLASGOW. MO. HAVING purchased the stock of Drugs, Med icines, i.c.,of F. W. Dioces fc Co., would respectfully inform our friends and the public gen erally, (hut we will keep at the store of the old film, a complete assortment of Fare anil Fresli Drugs, Paints, Oilf , Ie Stuffs, Periuuierj . Rooks, Stationery, Fancy Articles, Togther with every article usually kept in a drug store, w hich we oifer on the most 'favorable terms. We solicit a continuance of the custom of our I predecessors, and ask a call from all who may want anything in our line. Cy Physicians prescriptions compounded at allTours. TAYLOR 4. WHITE. Glasgow, Aug. 18, 153. WM. B. ALMONT5. II. CLAY COCKEIIILE AEMO.VU & rOCUERIEL, .ITTORJfEYS AT LA W, Platte City, Mo TJROMPT attention given to II business with Ine or the other ' X w hich tliev are entrusted. One may always be found at their oflice. November 17 6m n.jan.ca.oirjti. ilOUSC, Main street, Hontsvii.li., Musouni. I I.. HtElilliR, Pronrie or. rpiIE public are informed that I have open- fl jl au a eommoaious Douse tor the aeeom. dation of travelers and boarders, which slm kept in a style inferior to none and superior to most in the' country. L. HEETHF.R. November 17th, '1853. books; books:: O. HnJfDKRSO" Bao. have annronri- ' 'ated a part of their extensive Drug room i to an assortment of School and Miscella neous BOOKS and Stationary. Among the School Books are (lie Eclectic se- j ries, Goodrich's readers, the several Arithmetics, Geographies, tc,, used in the various s.hooli. oi l he country. Among the miscellaneous woiks are Clark'? Commentary, Dick's works, Rodin's and Hume's histories, Plutarch, Josephus, Bricdit's Practice and Lssay, the several British and American Po- ' hii ets: and me book that evlmu: "a" . . im uiiu utv uuuk uiai eve nMvuaH. V. k.i T...,.a i . , r. ' Folio. And let those who have read "Uncle I Tom," call and get the "Review of (Tncle Tom's ! as;. caoin," uy Dr. Woodward, ol Luitinnati. Dr. T. H. ItlVI'S Also, a general assortment of Testaments, pock- T) ISPECTFULLY offers his professional ser ct and family Bibles, Hymn and Song book-;. .It vices to the citizens of Glasgow and its vi writing, letter and note paper, envelopes, pens, cinity. blank books, memorandums, &.C., &c making (-Office with Br. Vaughan. a handsome assortment in this department. j GlaieoH-, Sept. 1, 1853 tr They have recently added fo Uicir stock of Drugs Medicines, Perfumery Paints, Dye Btufla, THOMAS B. REED. tc, all of which will be sold on accommodating 1 ... terms. September 18 3m Attorney at Law. - - II UNTSV1LLE, MISSOURI. bTOVEs A M D T'J SWIRE. ! "VFFIC'E on south side of Main street fronting tierliurdt & ( arson, I KJ the Clerks Office. June -8th 1853. Respectfully announce to the publi that I they 111; Uxteiisivc A.Kortment i.F m..i .u ...I Tliite... .11.1 ...I.:.!..!.:. .:m j:. ... n.i.,. mej win uis- posoor at low prices. (Particular attention paid to Guttering . to. r ' r r ' ; VIUWI IB i dit UI LU V i I Ii III V ft I 1 t'in ICii I . CShopin the house formerly occupied bv Dunnicait Hutcbeaon. ' Glasgow, July iS, 1S53. ..., I M 1 1 1 1 11 .11. ir null mar . a. Li 1 . ,,,,,, inuniininiaHiiig. : MRS-, holm AN having just returned flfrom St. Louis with the latest fashions, bon- ' tenets, trimmings, tec, respectfully solicits the patronage of the ladies of this place and vi- cinity. All orders executed at the shortest notice in the latest style of fashions. Call at her residence on Third street, op-! positj the Presbyterian Church. (Nov3 r. D. NUI.IJVA& to., JEWELLERS WATCH ii CLOCK MAKERS. ! No. 38, Fourth Street SL Louis, Mo., jl A large ard well 'selected assortment o'f jS V Clocks, Watches. Jewelry, Silver Spoons, ime&.c., constantly on hand for sale low. All kinds of Jewelry inade to order and neatly repaired. Engraving neatly executed, and all or ders promptly atienaeu to. JBTTbe highest price. naiJ.for old Goid and j su i o4. ir,rilfr !-,- ; -?""r) I LOGAN D. DAMERON, DEALER IN Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Water Street, Qfaegottj Mo. KEEPS constantly on hand a general assertion,, of seasonable goods. TALLY &. MATTHEWS, CABINET MAKF.KK, Corner second and Market sts., Glasgow. ! '7 ,v" ' make to order, in the iical-jo. ZlT J'" mos' fa-diionabh style, amlNaL rPrP from the best materialsall kinds offTl FrnMTUHF. Particular attention paid to makine- Gnnm Also Patent Mctalic Coffins kept constantly on hanit September 2 185" DR. II. WALKER, OFFERS his professional services to the citi jtem of the place and vicinity. (2-OlIice at Dr. Henderson's Drug Store, and residence on Market st., at one of which places he can always be found, when not professionally absent. 1 ' Glasgow. Jan 13, 1852 THOS. SHAC'HEEFORD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, GLASGOW, MO., WILL practice in the Courts of Howard, Sa line, Cooper, Randolph and Charitoncoun ties, (jr Ullice on lust street. W. II. SWITZEFK. Attorney at Euv, Urumwick, Mo. itssssgi JZ. tion of claims. faugll. A. F. DES.W, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ST. LOUIS, MO., WILL give prompt attention to all btisinesscn trusted to him. GSrOflicein the new Post Office buildings. May 13, 1852. CARLOS HOARDMAN, Attorney at Law, Linneus, Linn County, Mo. WTLL continue the practice of the Law, in Linn and the adjoiniiic counties. All busi ness entrusted to his care will receive prompt at futiop, April 3, 1851. SADDLE AND TRUNK MANUFACTORY, ROPER & liROTHER, Manufacturers of Saddles, Harness, Trunks, and every description of Saddlery. Water Street, Glasgow. April 29, 1852. Al-STIX A. KING, Richmond, Mo. THOMAS II. STAHN'ES. Parkville. Mo. KIXU Si STARVES, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, XflUt4 give tlndr joint attention to all buflnea t ciiinisieu to mem in the C Buchanan and Andrew counties. entrusted to them in the Courts of Platte. (iy Particular attention will bo given to the collection of debts in our Circuit. May 10, 1853. jvo. d. rr.Rav T1I0S. J. nARTHOI.OW. PERRY & E ARTH0L0W, Grocers, Deakrs In JImp,and Produce Generally. rOKWAHCINU AND COMMISSION MEI1CI1ANTS, Gi-ist;or, MO. ATTENTION THE WHOLEI The subscriber begs to announce to his friends and the nublie. nmerallv that lie har, talceH the store room formerly oeennied hv D"r"liea 40 Hutcheaon, w here he w'ill be happy to P wa" 011 a" "le cuslomcri who may .favor him with b iwui Luriuent oeeu pieo ny ...1 i . . , r . ! .v nwnu ussi.i uueiii oi Saddles, Uridles, Harness, Trunks, constantly on hand. c ! ,, ,1 .. i. . ....... notice. A call is solicited, and no pains'will be spared to give entire satisfaction. jp" Entrance either from Water or First streets. March HI, 1853. JOHN E. DEV. . H. UrilCKH IRDT, Attorney at Law, Hnntsville, Mo., Y,7"1LL practice law tn the counties of ltan- V V djlnh. Char Inh. Chariton. Howard. Boone. Monroe Adair and Sch lyler. All business entrusted to him w ill receive his prompt attention. Oltire in the second story above McCampbell & Coate's store. Oct 24 31. JOH1V C. IRAWI.EV, 1 T T O RJVE Y AT L. 1 W , Kej-resvillp, Mo., tttii i :.. r.i . ... .. I W - I.'"" wHjriwn anu aujoining counties; prosecute all claims entrusted to is entrusted to a".,.. . - ' Office up stairs in the Court House. Marea ai, isoa, Ui. , ....:..?.." A". . Ml """ "r"""3 ""' lmur.uracliirers, the larcest and mosl CIJipett, assortlont o( ornatt,c,ltaI a,,d useful fur. ,.iture ever opened in Glasgow, All who wish to l. l. it ll - x i i . ii a ,, lmfv.'fuJ "guaaiee 10 call, , i the State Oar Mock 'consists in r ar' of he 1 f 1 , win . r't;.. ,1 consists m part of the , following articles: 12 cupboard safes; 6 Cribs; tl lounges; 14 1 drawer do; . - . 1011 be.isteaits wardi rober; lit dinner i breakfast 5(1 doz chairs; tables; 24 rockers 40 dressing bureaus; 12 work stands; 10 sofas; 1U card tables; J. S. THOMSON, Glasgow, September 22, 1863. OatN and Corn Wanted. .Innik Bushels Oats, 11XK1 o. Corn, wanted. UUU for winch the cash will be paid by ENGLISH, DOHANEY&CO. ALSO 20 good choppers, to whom liberal wa ges will be given. E. D. .' CO. Glasgow, Aug. 11, 1S03. Embroideries. Ladies' Collars from it rents to $H ROearb. do Handkerchiefs from 10c to $10 00. do (Jndersleeves from 'Me to Si 50. ZXtrlZ, up dollars r yard. All of the newest ttvle fnfflg l.OflAK IV DUMP do Chemoisettes from 25c to $7 75. 1 to three les. DtAMBIOM. Council Bluff Mitsouri River Packet, ste.1 u:h sr. jxge. P. E. Hannum. Master. T.L, Chawfoiip, Clerk. I ICSi i This l ast and elegant steamer has been Lrr."' it' .......I..,...! ...-..-...-..i,. p..- ti, -i i , jfa un.lJrcone extensive rcnaira. new fur- niturr, &c, will, upon the opening of navigation, maKe regular trips to council mulls ami interme diate points, during the season. Her accommoda tions for pasent'ers are unsurpassed by any boat in the river. Her extreme light draught strongly recommends her to shippers. Her officers promise to use untiring exertions lo merit the patronage of I the public. Tlie St. Anee is amply provided with life ore-, servers, metallic life boat, and all the requirements of the new steamboat law. For freight or pas sage apply on hoard. feblO 3m .S anson & barthoi.ow, Agents. 183:1. Kfgul.il- ISM, Missouri River Passenger Packet EE PASO. A. WIN ELAND. Master. ... WILL leave St. Louis every alternate t Saturday, at it o'clock, P. M".. for St. oseph. Weston, l-t. Leavenworth. Parkville. Kan sas, Independence, Liberty, Richfield, Sibley. Cam- j den, Wellington, Lexington, Dover. Waverfy. Car rollton, Miami, Winsor city, Brunswick ana point! i below. Commencing her regular trips from Saint ' Louis on Saturday, February 26th March 12th ' and 26th; April tl'th and S3d May 7th and 21st; ! June 4th and 18th; July 2d. 10th. and 30thj Au gust 13th and 27th; September 10th ami 24th; Oc- 1 tober Sth and 22d; November 5th anil 19lh. I On her return will leave St. Joseph every alter- nate Friday at 12 ut March 5th and lttth; April 2d 16tb and 361b) May 14th and 84th) Juna nth and 25th; July tlth and 23d; August 6th and 20th; Sep-1 tember 3d and 17th; October 1st, 15th and 2'Jlh;' November 12th and 20th. Departing from St. Joseph at 12 o'clock, m.. Weston on Saturday S o'clock, a. m.. Ft. Leaven worth Uo'clock a. K.j Parkville 10 o'clock a. Mi. 1 Kansas 12 o'clock M., Wayne city 1 o'clock r. m.J Liberty 2 o'clock p. m., Richfield 3 o'clock p. m., : Sibley 4 o'clock, p. at., Camden 5 o'clock p. at.. Wellington 6 o'clock p. H., Farm villa landing 7 o'clock p. M., Lexington. Sunday 8 o'clock a. M., I Dover, 0 o'clock, a. at., Waverly 1 o'clock a. Hi. Hill's landing 11 o'clock a. at., Miami 2 o'clock p. 1 K.i Winsor City 3 o'clock p. at.. Brunswick .1 o'clock p. M., Glasgow. Monday. 8 o'clock a. m. NANSONii UAItTlIOLOW, Agents. rebruarv24. 1853 MISSOtlH RIVER PACKET. THE ENTIllK NEW AND EAST STIUP. P. X ATJBRY, AMBROSE RF.EDF.ii MASTER This new and artlitirl W ,,.,...., A packet is now finished, and will soon ! ai commence makine her regular tries This boat, having been built expressly l or the Missouri River, is of light drauirht. and very fast. No pains or expense has been spared to have ac- i commodations for passengers equal, if not supe- ! ii'ji 1 any uuai in II1C II UUC. The undersfsmed takes tor the r. . Aubrv from shippers and the miaes that nothing shall . ' , "s "'."K. himself or his ofiicer ' . wuu may naur nun will! ine A. IIKEDF.R. N.vnson & Baktiioi.ow, Agents. Glasgow, April 7. St. Louis and St. Joseph Packet7 JSr, J The elegant Passenger Packet. Ban- r.iifr Slate, J. H. Holland, Master, ontinue in the trade during the season. will She will leal St. Louia every .-econd Wariiuu. day for St. Joseph end all ii terinediate ports. Returning, will leave St. Joseph every second vt e.ines.iay tor Be. Louis and intermediate perls. Pile Ilui.ner State was was built expressly lor the Missouri river (ra and has recently been refuted, -"i i. inniiui iu uu uu.ii in ine ir.Kie, in every a 7 . " .c". rui iirigiu or passage, apply on oard, or to nihil N ANSON BARTHOLOW. Ag'ts. .4 a It A X E M E J T Monday Packet, KOK JEEEERSON CITVj lOONVILLC, ARROW ROCK ANI1 GLASGOW. THE new and magnificent steamer, Elvira. Ja Dozek.! Master, will run me remainder ol the season between St. Louis and Glasgow, makiiiL' weekly trios. She will I..:,,.. ou coins ever' .violiilav at 1 o'clock wuTfe&'atWo i , u"l.""7 " nieuiaiejmmis, arriving at M. : i ii ;-. a i . .' . 'I For lreiirht or nassasre nnolv on hnm d nr ,n ds NAN80M ii. BABTHOLOW, Agents MISSOURI RIVER PACKET lltlVIll IMs j a liberal ahare of rstrmn -j j , , . . . n 1 tli rionll ; 1, i . . Ijieut. JJonelfon. in nhiv travelline nnblie. nd n 7,. uu anu Puo,'s"ea. gat deal of useful in- . . " . . " " 1 "m.-xamma- ....... i :. be wanting on the part of formation will be spread before the nublio -day the mam party , under Lieut. 10 ,:ls uu1 Wm. Conee y, Master L. Moams, Clerk. laUofl less than one-half greater, shows 21,- Pass' T'H' Rre!" !ii"lcull' ln exploring the jrWFtt . The superb and popular steam 221 natives who do not read or write P3S3 of ,1,e Rock.v Mountains, and the eoun-rfrV'-'.-'f.! iiaeketHOIilIi4sthi.-liiiiii-iin. ' ! . . - . i : ... . . naBaaataaaaBMiasi season, was a great tawnite in the trade, has recently been i emu -....I ,rC,nn.i - i. . ...... the trade, lias recently ht-en rnovatd nA cr-fitto.- "TV.'V " -?? ." conic-to our levee. Her eomin:,iwli i- rn,t r. ; ley. (late of the Haulier State,) is determined to use his best etlbrls in giving satisfaction to ship ; pers and passengers, and respectfully announces that the Honduras will leave St. Louis for Lexing ton, Independence, Weston and St. Joseph, every alternate Thursday at I o'clock, r. St., and will run regularly nnfil the close of 'navigation in the iau. for ireighi or passage apply on board or to SANSON & BARTHOLOW, Aosmti. Glasgow, April 7. "PANKORIT11." IMPORTANT TO THOl'SANDSI MI F.KS' i:TR.4CT OF ItOCK UOSEI An Invaluable remedy for all BcaorCXOTI Dis kasks, luiligestion, Salt Rheum, Sick Headache, Canker, Nursing Sore Mouth, and general De bility, and us a rnrijier of the Wood ij Cnrquall, To be convicced that it is the most valua- .u t,Ie Medicine of the day, you have nlv to read "!e lrfmu.ni '," U" emctcy. AaaJamilyMe.il c,,le U is invaluable, and one which no persoi should be without. Tlie Rock Hose has gained a reputation at home and abroad, which no other Medicine has ever done iu the same length of time. According to the opinion of Eminent Physicians, the Bock Rom Plant is unequalled in Curing Scrofula in its Various Forms! HPThe Sich Headache, in obsidian, and Chrou ie cases, may here lind a sovereign Remedy. JJ The Canker and Nursing Sore Mouth, in numer ous cases, have been speedily cured. Fr sale by POWELL k CO., Cambridge, Mo., and dealers iu Medicine generally, where pamphlet, may be had gratis. Manufactured by W.m. 1'kanki.in Si Co., New Haven, Conn. Aug25, 1853 Iy. R. V. 1IANKNKAM1'. r. L. GILPIN. ..to. KEAL1IOU.-1H. H4t:KAMI, GII.IMN & CO., WHOLESALE CHOCERS, t'umuai.sion and F01 urdiug .tier, rh tints, W. N Water ,-et. St. I.onn Mo. fau 1. ilM, imr.iiii TIT X f TT W W M BT JOHN G. SAXI. Of nil amusements for the mind, Fron logic dnivn to fishing, There is n't one that you can find So very cheap as "wishing!" A very choice diversion, loo, If we but rightly use it, And not, as we are apt to do, Pervert it and abuse it. I wih a common wish, ind'.cd My purse was something fatter, That I night cheer the child of need, And not my pride to flatter, That I might make oppression reel, As only eold can make it. And break the tyrant's rod of steel, As only gold can break it I I wish that Sympathy and Love And every human passion That has its origin above, Would come, and keep, in fashion ; That Scorn, and Jealousy, and Hate, And every base emotion. Were buried fifty fathoms deep Beneath the waves of Ocean I 1 wish that friends were always true, And motives always pure; I wish the good were not so few, I wish the bad were fewer; I wish that parsons ne'er forgot To heed their pious teaching; I w ish that practising was not So different from teaching! I wish that modest worth might be Appraised with truth and candour; I wish that innocence were free From treachery and slander; I wish that men their vows would mind; That women ne'er were rovers; I wish that wives were always kind, And husbands always lovers ! I wish in fine that joy and mirth, And every good Ideal, May come, erewhile, throughout the earth, To be the glorious real ; Till God shall every rieature bless With his siipremest blessing, And hope be lost in happiness, And wishing be possessing ! The United States. ' population of the United Slates is found r' , ; 1058,468 Slaves -19010 ' Total 23.RU7(j Tl'.e total Minn mila. f Ik. t ........ r ! ...ii.. ui i , ,.n i the United States is .iod : na cnx which ives a n,,,!,,.; f Tot ..... souare mile. T, . . ii.viiipii 1 1 ta nmn,,r oo avL. u"ini.i i iiuiciii's is ao,un i which number the Methodists have the greatest, 13.280. The whole number of children attending sehonl is sni ilnu.n ,,t .1 nco. mi; ...un. , 1 2(i..i(il colon-,!. i There is a striking disparity between .he- nnmher nc e ' read nor write in those States rcsnectivelv. whcrc t,lc school system prevails, 10I system prevails i 1 it 11 .i i . I anu moae wnicn provide no sitcli universal : ...:.! . ioi uisiuiiee. wan a no 'illation or !'. .. n J hn, ht 1 Sfll ,.l.. f. i I , wwt tMNn uvm liumii who vc ; il'i'erate; while Virginia, with a pop,,- ail,,,, less ih.n ...i,..tr u... .i. o x v..e . "B " ) " iorK, wnicn I... . n.l.l. i.,: ,on,u , . line n nAAim mmh1.iI. ion of 3,0-18.322, nearly I....1 . .u.. ., r ' eat as that of Loui In the whole United States and the .. .1. io , ..i , . . I 1 IT- ers, and 27.15f pupils. Tlu-ir total annual ' : i. e. i ... ! iiii'oiiic is, 1 1 -fin fiiuow inent, s-iyi:,Jl -1; ta- ation, $15,480; public funds, $184,549: other sources, 1 .204.281) total. l.!)l(i.. 628. Of Public Schools there are 80,!191; of teachers, f!2,000; of pupils, 3,354,173. Their total income is from endowment, $182,594; taxation, $4,086,414; public funds, $8 .574.ti59; other sources, $2,147, H53 aggregate $9,091,530. Of Academics and other schools there are 6,032, with 12,207 teachers arid 201, 362 pupils. Their annual income is, from endowments, $288,855, taxation, $14,202, public funds, $114,798; other sources, $4, 235,987 total, $4,653,842. The above items, not before published, and compiled by a correspondent of the N. Y. Times, from the forthcoming work oi De Bow, the Superintendent of the Census, which is now passing through the pre... Youno Aueaica. "My son," said a doting father, who was about taking his son intobiismess, "what shall be the style of the new firm':"' '-Well, governor," said the onc-and-lwenty youth, looking up in the heavens to find an answer, "I don't know; but suppose we have it John H. Samplin and Father." The old gentleman was struck with the originality of the idea, but could no$ adopt it. this occasion to solieit V the census returns now beimr com nil. ,l ""'ru lnBn onc moiliand feet lower, until : " ve sa ustacuon o all . From these retne,,. i. .1 .....i.:.. i Uonelson-a son of Maior Donedson. tl, u,,,MK:w r' '"P" "" r un-iness. i . . . ....... prw j. wginn wime . - PACIFIC RAILROAD. Gov. Stevens' Exploring Expedition. From the Boston Post, November 22. Fot Benton. Upper Missouri, ) September 16, 1853. ( Since I wrote you from Fort Union, my advance parties from the Mississinni and the Pacific, have met on the ridge of the s,la11' ,,,lring winter, collect many fncts ; partners In the American Fur Company, in Rocky Mountain. A Kood pass has been rtlfc upon this question, by a meteoro'e.g- charge of the posts on the Mississippi and found, and there serins scarcely a doubt of, lcal Post n,rfl 1 llllve established rt Fort Missouri, am I especially Indebted, the for the entire practicability of the great north-; Bcnto"- "nder Mr. Doty, and one which I mer both in Washington City, anil at Ilia ern railroad. Our subsequent efforts the ProPosc lo Mtabliah at St. Mary's under residence on the St. "peters, devoted much present season will be directed to a thor- Mr' MuI,an- But more is to be done. Lt. time and attention to the survey, and ren ottgh examination of this pass in the raoun- Grovcr. man of iron nerve and great re- dercd its very valuable assistance, taina, and all the others in the intcrmedi-, so"rce!, 'tart from this point in Janu-, I met Mr.' Culbcrlsor. in St I ouil in ate range of the Pacific, viz: the Bitter 1 nr' with a dcg (rain- and will in the dead of May, and found his great experience derived Root and Cascade ranges. I have long been " ',1,er Ta" over the whole route to the Pa- from twenty years' rcsidcr.ee nmong tfre satisfied that between the head waters of clfir' cro6slnP Rocky Mountains, and , Indian tribes of the Upper Missouri and the Missouri and Columbia rivers, there ,he Bi,ter Root an,J Cascade ranges. It his perfect knowledge of mcn and thinffs . 1 1 - 1. 1 - cnnin nti taiiaiaukalluf.t. 3 - . .a t I I - r musL ue goou passes lower and more prac- j licable than the South Pass. Our attention had especially been given to the passes from ! the forks of the Missouri those from the! : forks of the Marias, and the intermediate ; one in which my advance parlies met. i ! Bcf"'e living Washington it was deter- minca to direct the explorations upon this pass first, and Lieut. Sa.iton, a son of Massacbusetls. in command of the advance parly from the Pacific, had 01 dors to estab lish a depot at St. Mary 'a village, just west of the mountains, and to cross the mountains and meet me at Fort Denton. I arrived here on the first day of this month, and not hearing from him I se.it forward a small parly under Lieut. Graver, to reconnoiler the pass and ascertain whether he reached the St. Mary s village. They met just tliis side of the ridge. The pass in ex--! cellence exceeds every expectation. Ti c : ascent in both direction is gentle, and it would seem that the whole range had been sunk at this point for the express purpose of allowing the passage of a railroad. Ac . cording to the barometer, it is more than two , thousand five hundred feet below the South Pass; but I would not venture to pronounce forrr10'' editor of the Washington Union moved forward to carefully examine this' paSS' WUI' W cxPeriellJ ientif,e and en-; i Binccr corPs- I-'etit. Mullen is now ex- j P'w ing a I,ass from the forks of (he Mis. f'ri. I But the pass north, leadint- from the fori. i of the Marias river to the Columbia, will. Columbia, w ill. seems to me be found to be the best of tlic tiiroe. I had asMrrned to Mr T.nnA M v - one of the civil engineer i. tlie dntv nf nv. I :irai,,mS !! but learnir from Lieut. : aon that Lailot s pass was excellent, and axton that Cadet's nass was evrollct ,n,i m!lcl' work reB,wned to he done west of the mountains. I determined to nnti m,- of the mountains, I determined to push mv whole force through it, in order to intn rCacI'inS ,he Paci,ic before the close of the season. Liout. Mullen had been dea.tnl, . Td before t. Saxton's arrival, and thc 1 wPreM' 85vinK information of his coming, j nVAffiWlll mil tv i. u n mi or ' J "'i WJ from Fort Benton to the Blackfoot camn i where I was rroimr with Tr I.m,n,l. ... ----- p -.. , ,tl lw procure guides, and get detailed information' to bt'st Maria. rass. ine great dillicultv in exnlonm? the iirvwesiis mine immense ouamiiv or tim. , , ' her. obstructing a lew o! the conntrv and ! the trails uursued by the Indians. This i i uurnuirn msgue wunina in arias raaa. .I.... !..!.. .1 '.1. .1 W I r. ' I and more time would huva l.o,. ,...t-A ; the examina,ion tha" I '""1 my disposal. It should ho iMr..ll..l. .i " j uWUci cm The mountains west of the Rocky Mouu-1 tains, viz: the Bitter Root and Cascade ranges, are also densely wooded, and snows ! on the dividing ridge occur the last of Octo- ber. The Indians cross these mountain : cross these mountains ' ... ..ufviymr, the m.gnlfloent scenery, fertile valleys, beau- tiful rivers, and the otranrdin,v f growth of Washington Territory. Out of i i , . the very luxuriance of nature arises the principal obstruction lo liie exploration of the country. Yast forests cover the hill tons and fill the valley, making it .lilRc.,1. . . . ------ . i ,.v nV- . .. , . .. i ...... , uuu a hui . tut; ueaiiurui .M. Iia-i . ry a Valley, at the western base of the j - - " Rocky Mountains, is beyond description,1, lias a mild climate, and cattle keep fat in winter as well as in summer, on the nu tritious grasses. This valley connects all the passes, and is only five or six day's journey from the falls of the Missouri river. I am satisfied that the Missouri is naviga ble for steamers to the falls; but I am now having it surveyed lo determine that que.-; r n i i . .. mm. i.icui. iyuucison uas air.-avi mai e tne .. . . , , , survey lion it. mouth I kbei e 1 ett Union, butaproper survey i. very difficult at a a"' dow" ".a11 the maP"' run! near,.v "tie : attend the meeting in New York on Wednes later period. Hence the necessity of dis-1 we,t ,n wil,,i" one minJre(i miles of the day eve. dug next. Mr. Waller comes out patch in crossing tlie mountain, and lu7. 1 naOOtaJnf, and then deflecting rapidly to Pjjln'.v and une.pm ocally i:i defence of the veying the region west. i l'e north has its sources in the Cypre. TT f0?' an.J in Tiw'tion lor 0 6 L . , . 1 , . ' ' the course of the adtinn strat ion in the mat- Lieut. Saxton depict, in Rlowing color., n1 .pur. of lilt ter of appointments; and h. their recogn!- .1 r ... .... . . 1 ! be tne Krpat "Motion to tins route. We - "'l "uio uiiuenaKingj nut I know Lleut' trover, and do not doubt its '""il BocompHahment. In consequence of Lieut. Saxtonjbrlnging morc InPn to ,I,e w"rk- 1 '"ave decided to seml,)acl a" "ree of the dragoons at- ,1,c!'efl ,0 lhc "Pt'. I advised several ' u,t "",:,""L"' rny juagtnent, not good mn"",ain mM1 WMlgh for the duty before ""' 0 rct"rn n,so' T!,PJ' entreated me to ...... ,...,. u, ,um one, eve. r- mr n H'itfl),.e I r. I 1.1. lc ! . V ,1 ........ ... ii. I . 1 . V nil se wi n imp work before it and the uttr.ost coi:fidc::ce prevails. In the Caicado Range llitt gallant and uuic unicci , vapi. .vici. icilun, one my nooie broth'-rs in Mexico, is now ascertain- inP most practicable pass, and onc month I hope lo exchange congratulation! with him bl the entire success of our un- derlaking. Lieut. Saxlon wi! go down the Missouri , . in charge ot the returned men. and to carry information to the department in Washing- ton of tho condition of the exploration be- fore the session of Congress. As ,.n m !- dene of my sense of his services, I pub- Halted an order, of which I send in,, ,. irge of tne main y great force of j igcnce. and an unsur passed diligence and fir'elily. But our experience among the Indians is ns cxiraordinary as unexpected. Wo have traversed the region of the terrible Blaok feet have met them in war parties and in their camps, and have received nothing but .... ! k,mlncss hopu. ily, llle-v havc hroUghl.U fresh meat. c;uided wav' urouw "ltu oamp itraved animals, and have cruurded ns while ' i P Not one of our mcn has been .U " g ,ias becn i "" " ! wenuina our way to the ! northern Blookfeet camps when I was called ! - ,he exPreM "'forming me of Lieut- BttJtton arrival a little party surrounded our Blaolifeot friends, and not even kePne; any guard whatever at ninrht. 1 H' as true Ir.enas, took them a. ,'lelr wor( ' anJ d'rcctei1 " '' men to go down to sleep. Lieut. Saxton had nrnni.a. " tlle same xperienoe with the Indians w el Ol the mountains At this moment 7 ,U Urover ' by the c,'e r Oc tober. have completed it to the falls. Th data will then be collected for an official re - P!!t' Much has been said about tho obstruc - tionsto railroads from snow, and this will Mr. Stanley, the artist u r i i 1"','7" . miJt' i " ' ...- uwaiuug ins awaiting return, to push forward and join Lieut. Donelson. The aovernment has .mtl,lr. iV. I.J4 , . , . . "ou""8 'or iiitso iiuuat.s, and 1 Have int ; ,eu 'em w rou nei.ton tog.ve them a mcs ; sage from the great father, and to ascertain . . wlietlier they will agree for nine to come t ' to rcat a11 ,vlli(c'i as lhe' 1,ave Seated me landmine. .. .dan. range iro.n the Sasieatcha- w Cdlfwaa trail, and in the win. ,er have their 0,1 ll'e Milk and Mis-' S0Uri river"' rivcr- 'l'-e priliolpa : nrthe tributary of the Missouri, instead ' . . J ! I j ,r utc , uu.. nw0,n, "f lwt'en river and the mountains, between Milk '"rK5 " l"e "" """"T a V' ! teau r ne: cent v to the several nisse. in r',mp "'Uu ,.'e, ' ?,sse": ln ; 'Cr' d,rcehon praofeable for a railroad ! P "C 5eVeral ,ri!n"Brles flowing ! t,,rm,!h ,l ,0 Che Mis.nuri. and .everal very ; Trnmlrm r , .. . . .. .1... 1 . . fork of ibp Mu..m;i i tl,.. ...,, n. v.. la - .1. :lo,"lv bultes. three over three thousand feet i . ulioArp Ine hmUi Z, .Jr., -pi nr-n , .. i . he flIllk river line affords extraordinary facilities for building a railroad, and has Stanley, the artist o! tne expedition.,!, b. i. ., , ., ... natural connection with every pass. ! uiise measures of '52 no more entitles them The country south of Missouri to the ' to be received back again into the party aa Black Hills, and that between the Milk ! Jwv " d" nT H,' ... . . , , . ard Whigs who were also compelled at Bal and .Missouri rivers has been explored hv timnr. n. i,.llu- rU.l.i... .1 l-" Dr. Evans, the geologist of the expedition who has not only made great additions to " "'rMT-J-'J cm,Dlr m mnue every large geoloiric:4l collection. H is , 1 . . . L- . . . .. ,. ... : .l- . . : now in the passes ot the mountains en h:s av sr 6teor I Before closing my letter I must notice ,,.7 UllptUl to the fre'ntlemcn of btffc lh fur j companies in St. Louis, for tiieir uniform t kindness and aid to the expedition. To Mr. ! Campbell particularly, I am indebted for his disinterested and nnttrlna. imhU. ; behalf. Tn Mr RlhW mnA Ut, rit.,,. ' m the country through which we had to pass, ntted him for n most valuable advi- - I appointed him special agent amorg the Bleckfeet Indians, subject (0 the approval of the Indian Commissioner. He has been untiring and indefatigable in his dlaelianta of duly, and has rendered invaluable aid to the expedition. At e great lost of time and absence from his business, he has continued up to this time with the expedition and In ms great Influence with the Indians, r ... d - r" nuvimi i ire: inrcil is Gtie ! r.rn. nnf T Cl 1 I , r tor the cr- snrre ,.1,;1. ..i it: cut ; course with the Ind r.rttr.ns Hi good lady, a member of the bloo.l tribe of the Blackfect nation, asked to ac company Mm on the expedition, fearing dif- faculties might recur between members of the s survey, and rr.ie of l.cr reonle. which :cr presence might obviate. On the night before leaving Fort Union, she s:iid to Mr rl!.vtc.,. ..T ,. ;n - .w nil WHIWVMFUIII 1 i I.I f(lt ILII you: I will do what I cm. to settle differ- enoei; and where yen die, I will die :! Her devoted kindness to us ha, obtained my friendly regard, and much of the unpleaa- antness of camp life has been removed by. ,. Truly vour friend, ISAAC I. STEVENS. Oaoca No. is. NoRTnrnN Pacific R. R. Exploba- i TION AND St nVEY, CAMP DoHBIX. near Fobt Benton, Sept. 15. The oliief of the expedition congratulate Lieut. Saxtcn ar.d his party cn their safe arrival at Fort Bcnttn. from the mouth of the Columbia. For indomitable enerjry, sound judgment, and :he most crowning ac complishment, Lt. Saxton has the thanks of all his -associates and deserves honorable mention at the nf ,.!! .nnr, -,.i. , . t ,i i , ... .w u.Mi'i.1. .Hi. uuuui anu rcrron n oi lueir country. Lieut. Grovcr. in command of the ad vance party to open a communication with the parties west of the mountains, and who met Lieut. Saxton near the dividing ridge, also receives the thanks r.nd congratulations of his associates in the great work now so . ri f success. Ua H Da) light now breaks through the strug gles of three months. On lhc 8th of June the camn train left Uamn Fierce, on Lake Amelia- .,..,1 it,. :,. m . , mv pari jus i rorn i lie Bill .U.ippi shook haiuls across the continent.- T, The pass of the Rocky .Mountains is found to be one thousand below the South Pass, and is not only practicable, but expressly made to our hands for the great northern railroad. (Sigiiedil Isiic I. Srrvj xs. Governor Washington Tcnitory, &c, in charge ol exploration. a- fr 1 1 . . - , " cllel ou aonai uemocraey. J, corresr""dent of tho ork Hcra,d' (22d) ,ils follow lnp; . ' VVeller. of California. ! writ ten .. iviicr 1:1 reoiv 10 l ie invitation nt ih COIIlil ll'.Ce OI IIIC A:lll.m:i I lum.if,....! t uoii 01 ine an ouren Ires tim set nn. L. y. n. wnt.ot l,rget that it was that fac llOU Will V ' . P"; W 4ts, anil that whilst the leud- er. of that movement must he reaarded as trailor6. he ltil is wUling ,0 adrnit lh( and file back again, not as a faction, but M Prt.on ol the National Democratic party. --.I 1.. A ...1 . 1 vv nis alnncsl.T' hoWevcr' "hould not entitl ; tnem to lront seals, to the exclusion of ' Ihn.n ll ltn l,n..a nl...n..- mi 1 H " .. t ..I n , - siu.ui 111 in in netenso 0f democratic principles. The loquiesenco nof the Van Buren faction in the ecmnro- v.. ... .uu- .aw.. lie evidently believes in the wisdom nf putting such men on probation, so as to test their sincerity. 25" Conidar it Hugraeeful to speak of a . . ,. . : , r vi thing, which could not be done u-'itho-re dishonor.