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The Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971, April 16, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063381/1912-04-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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R. 6. Bun and Company Figures
Show Number Increased But
Amount Decreased.
Trading Liabilities Less Although
Those of Manufacturers Are
Gopher State Losses Found to Be
Diminished By Over Two
The number of commercial failures
in the United States reported to R.
Dun and Co., during the first quar
ter of 1912, was 4,828, a very large
total for that period. The amount of
liabilities was $63,012,323, also a
large total. The average liabilities
per failure amounted to $13,051,
which has been frequently exceeded
in the earlier records, and which
compares with $14,969 in 1911, with
$20,732 in 1910 and with $15,422 in
1908. It was, therefore, in number
rather than in magnitude, of mercan
tile defaults that the first quarter of
this year was distinguished. The
three months' liabilities $63,012,323,
compared with $52,196,045 in the
last quarter of 1911, with $59,651,-
761 in the first quarter of 1911 and
with $73,079,154 in the first quarter
of 1910. The number of defaults,
4,828, compared with 3,985 last year,
3,525 in 1910 and 3,850 in 1909. The
failures were also 485 greater than
the last quarter of 1911.
In every section of the country, ex
cepting the western, the number of
defaults was larger than a y^ar ago,
the increase being greatest in the
middle states and the central south.
The largest increases were in the
middle states, $25,644,029 against
$21,003,039 in the corresponding
quarter a year ago in the central
south, $8,888,662 against $5,931,149,
and in the New England, $4,767,394
against $2,157,469. The biggest de
crease was in the central west, $4,-
308,770 against $7,293,040.
The increase in the number of de
faults extended to each business clas
sification, manufacturing, trading and
other commercial, and also in bank
ing. The trading defaults were 3,559
against 2,910 a year ago, although
the trading liabilities showed a de
crease, being $28,377,940 against
$20,763,784 in 1911. The manufac
turing liabilities aggregated $25,-
706,157, against $23,539,177 in 1911.
The brokerage and agency class re
ported liabilities of $8,928,226 as
compared with $6,348,800 in 1911.
While there were five more banking
failures than last year, the liabilities
were only $5,756,468 against $12,-
Failure statistics for three months
are compared below for a series of
years: Yr. No. Assets Liabilities.
'1912 4,828 $41,653,365 $63,012,323
1911 3,985 38,360,036 59,651,761
54,260,803 33,147,908
48,985,483 19-,453,364
Reduction in Minnesota.
In the seven central western states
only two reported increased liabili
ties while there was a reduction in
Minnesota from $3,464,530 to $937,-
292 in Iowa from $751,200 to $638,-
130 in Missouri from $2,263,962 to
$1,202,795, and also in Kansas from
$570,395 to $539,953. While there
were thirty-three more trading fail
ures in this group, the amount in
volved showed a decrease of almost
$2,700,000, and manufacturing loss
es were smaller by fully $1,000,000,
though a slight increase occurred in
number. Two defaults of exception
al size in the third class swelled the
total above normal, the liabilities
showing a gain of over $700,000 as
compared with the previous year.
Number Liabilities
1912 1911 1912 1911
74^ 937,292 3,233,179
60 638,130 751,200
134 1,262,795 2,203,952
23 395,155 207,315
8 280,650
38 305,795
97 539,953
1910 3,525
1909 3,850
1908 4,909
1907 3,136
Minn. Iowa Miss'ri N. Dak.
S. Dak.
Neb'ka Kansas
98 80
31 23 53
73,079,154 44,460,950
75,706,191 32,075,591
273,696 570,395
Dewey Theater Absorbed^
Minneapolis, April 16.The Dewey
theater has been bought by the Na
tional Amusement company, owners
of the Gayety, and hereafter the Gay
ety will be the only burlesque house
in this city.
New Farmers Club.
Carl E. Wallin has been elected
president of the Quiring Farmers
club. The club has an initial mem
bership of thirty-two.
New Crookston School.
Crookston, April 16By a vote of
777 to 144, the people of this city
passed a bond issue of $150,000, the
money to be used in the erection of
a new High school.
Cummer to Organize Band.
Charles Cummer is endeavoring to
organize a High school band. Mr.
Cummer offers to start the band from
new players and teach them to play
inside of one year. The instruments
will be purchased direct from the fac
tory and will be sold to the players
at cost. The only additional expense
will be three dollars a month for in
Seniors Select Class Fins.
The seniors have chosen their class
pins for this year from a selection
procured from the Barker Jewelry
company of this city. The pins are
very neat and are made of solid gold.
B. H. S. in bright polished letters on
a Roman gold back ground give the
pine an attractive appearance. A
small figure '12 set in raised enamel
completes the figure.
Talked to Students.
Dr. E. H. Marcum delivered an ad
dress on tuberculosis to the High
school students yesterday. Doctor
Marcum warned the students about
sleeping in closed rooms where there
is no fresh air. He also stated that a
great majority of cases could be pre
vented if the people subject to this
disease would follow the doctor's in
structions. Doctor Marcum says that
a great majority of the people believe
that tuberculosis is an incurable dis
ease and refuse to believe the doctors
when they tell them they can be
Council Orders Several Hundred
Dollars to be Paid.-
Following is a list of the 'pills
passed by the council last night:
R. F. Murphy $
St. Hilaire Lmbr. Co
George Kirk, stamps, etc..
Neptune Meter Co., pipe,..
L. Eckstrum, poor farm
Same thawing septic tank.
Street gang, April 1-14
Watrous Engine Works, pipe
Frank Miller, labor
Beltrami Elevator, mdse..
E F. Netzer, mdse for fire
Neptune Meter Co meters.
P. M. Dicaire, mdse poor,.
L. P. Eckstrum, jail pipe,.
Wm Peckles, septic tank
L. P. Eckstrum, repairing
J. E. Harris, special police.
S. E. Bogart refund
Aug. Berg cord wood
Special police
Schreider Bros., mdse
Wm. Streeter, sawing wood
Geo. Rhea, interest money
Chas. Nangle, mdse
W. H. Utley
A. B. Hazen, March board.
Same, court fees
Northern Groc. Co.* mdse.
16.50 36.30
10.62 50.00
56.20 14.00
6.18 3.00
13.20 88.03
Provisional Regiment to March From
Dubuque to Sparta.
La Crosse, Wis., April 16For the
purpose of testing out the new mili
tary equipment, the new organization
and the new infantry drill regula
tions, companies of three regiments
of the United States army are about
to be brought together at Sparta,
Wis., according to announcement
made here by Congressman John J.
Esch, by authority of the war depart
Next month a provisional regiment
of war strength is to be organized
from companies in the Fourth, Twen
ty-seventh and Twenty-eighth regi
ments, United States infantry. It
will consist of twelve companies of
150 men each, one machine gun com
pany of sixty-six men, one band of
twenty-eight men, headquarters de
tachment of thirty-six men and fifteen
mounted scouts.
The troops will assemble at Du
buque, la., and march to Sparta. The
march will be made to study the new
equipment and several experimental
outfits will be tried on the march.
The regiment will be accompanied by
ajutomobile trucks, to ^est their suit
ability for military purposes, and a
new cooking outfit will be experi
mented with. At Sparta the battle
tactics of the new infantry drill reg
ulations will be used. It is proposed
to determine whether the regulations
head further ameMment,^^^
&l>* M*smz
White Star Liner Titanic Known to
Have Gone Down Early Mon
day Morning.
865 Feople Learned to Have Been
Saved But Over 300 Are
Diamonds Worth $5,000,000 And
3,424 Bags of Mail Were
On Board.
Minneapolis, April 16.(1 p. m.,
Sptcial Pioneer wire service)Lat
est estimate gives 1,314 as number
lost on board Titanic. 866 saved.
Among those known to be saved are
Mrs. Snyder and Mrs. Douglas of Min
neapolis Miss Constance Willard, of
St. Paul and Mrs. H. F. Chaffee, of
Amenia, N. D.
At 1:30 tod"ay, word reached the
Pioneer by its special wire* service
that 1,350 people on board the Ti
tanic were drowned without a shadow
of a doubt. 865 people were trans
ferred to the Parisian and are expect
ed to reach New York Thursday
night. The names of 500 of the saved
have been learned but they do not in
clude many of the notables known to
have been on her sailing list. De
tails of the wreck and sinking will
not be learned until the arrival of
some of'the survivors. Newb of the
disaster was flashed by wireless from
Cape Race, 400 miles from the spot
the Titanic is thought to ha^e gone
down. 365 people, beside the 1,350
known dead, are unaccounted for and
unless they have been picked up by
other boats, will go to swell the death
New York, April 16The White
Stai Liner Titanic sank in mid-ocean
Monday morning at 2:02 a. m. fol
lowing a collision witli an ice berg
off the New Foundland banks. It is
thought that approximately 1,500
lives were lost but details have been
slow in reaching this city. The ship
sank three hours and fifty-five min
utes after being struck. The 865
known survivors were left on the
surface in life boats wlien the boat
went down and were later picked up
by other ships.
As far as learned none of the not
ables on board are included in the list
of rescued.
Among the passengers on board the
Titanic of interest to Minnesota peo
ple are Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Chaffee,
of Armenia, N. D. Mr. and Mrs. Wal
ter D. Douglas, of Minneapolis Mr.
and Mrs. John Pillsbury Snyder, of
Minneapolis, returning from their
honeymoon Miss Constance Willard,
of St. Paul John Jacob Astor, and
his bride, Madeline Force Benjamin
G. Guggenheim George D. Widener
Isador Straus Col. Washington
Roebling, builder of Brooklyn bridge
and J. B. Thayer, vice-president of
the Pennsylvania railroad.
The cost of building the great liner
was estimated at $10,000,000, and it
carried $5,000,000 insurance by
Lloyd's and it is thought additional
amounts in other places. It is under
stood that it had diamonds on board
to the value of $5,000,000 and also
bonds of great value. The freight
carried was small and is not expected
to leach over half a million. The
liner was known to have on board 3,-
424 bags of mail, value unknown, and
which are not believed to have been
Oi the lists of rescued which have
been received to date, nearly all of
the names are those of women indi
cating that a large number of men
are among those lost. Captain E. J.
Smith was in command of the Titan
The Titanic left Southampton,
England, on her maiden voyage Apr!}
10. She had a displacement of 66,-
000 tons and was 882 feet and 6 inch
es long.
Limit is 320 Acres..
St. Paul, April 16Attorney Gen
eral Smith has ruled that one person
or corporation cannot buy more than
320 acres of land at any state land
sale. He says, however, that there is
nothing to prevent their taking over
of land from other purchasers.
$$ 3 $ 4
es$s$s3ei$ $$
American Association.
Won Lost Pr.Cent
St. Paul i .5 1 .833
Columbus 5 i3
.83 3
Minneapolis ...4 1 .800
Toledo 4 2 .667
Louisville 2 3 .400
Milwaukee 2 4 .333
Kansas City 1 5 .167
Indianapolis ...,.0 6 .000
St. Paul, Leroy and Murray "I
At Louisville, Northrup and Schlei 6
Minneapolis, Olmstead and Smith- 6
At Indianapolis, Merz and Pearce 2
Kansas City, Fiene and O'Connor 6
At Toledo, Falkenberg and Carish 7
Milwaukee, Nicholson1
and Schalk 3
At Columbus, Dean: and Smith. 2
American League.
Won Lost Pr.CeUt
Philadelphia. ...,.3 0 1.000
Boston J..3 1 .750
Chicago 8 2 .600
Cleveland .3 2 .600
St. Louis |.2 3 .400
Detroit j.$ 3 .400
Washington ...|.l 2 .333
New York L.Q 4 -.000
Boston, Cicotte and Nunamaker. 1
At Philadelphia, Plank, Thomas 4
Washington, Johnson, Ainsmith. 1
At New York, Quinn and Street 0
Detroit, Mullin and Stanage. 7
At Chicago, White and Block. 12
St. Louis, Pelty and Kritchell. 5
At Cleveland, Mitchell, Easterly. 8
National League.
Won Lost Pr.Cent
Cincinnati jr. 4 0 1.000
St. Louis .3 I .750
Boston [.3 1 .750
Brooklyn .2 2 .500
Philadelphia ft. 2 2 .500
New York 1 3 .250
Chicago 1 3 .250
Pittsburgh *.0 4 .000
New York, Mathewson, Meyers.
At Boston, Perdue and.Kling...
Philadelphia, Moore and Dooin.
At Brooklyn, Barger and Erwin
Chicago, Cheney and Archer.
At St. Louis, Harmon-'Wd Bliss.
11 innings.
Pittsburg, Adams and Gibson
At Cincinnati, Fromme, McLean.
0 3
6 9 2
2 3
Iowa Company Purchases 640 Acres
for a Demonstration Ground
Near Nebish.
In order to demonstrate their
stump puller, the Hercules Stump
Puller company, of Muscatine, Iowa,
.has purchased 640 acres of land near
Nebish from the Crookston Lumber
company. This morning a special
train on the Red Lake line carried a
large party to Nebish where the Her
cules puller was seen in action during
tho day. This is the first of a series
of demonstrations planned by the
Crookston people and it is understood
that the next will be made by a pow
der company.
This morning, the stump puller
was put to work and the farmers of
that vicinity shown how to clear
their land for the plow. After the
land has been entirely cleared, it is
said that the company intends to put
it on the market.! On the special
train were D. D. Tenney, of the
Crookston Lumber company, Minne
apolis offices B. A. Puller and Miles
Bateman, of Centerville, Iowa Hor
ace Klein, of the "Parmer" G. W.
Lindle, Muscatine, Iowa B. P. Saurin,
Chicago and Messrs. Lakin, Winter,
Lycan, Bacon, Wedge, Burke and
Schilling. ,z
Sun to Hide Her Face.
Washington, D. C, April 16Ob-
servers of the celestial spheres are to
day discussing the eclipse of the sun
which will occur tomorrow. Theoret
ically, it is a total eclipse, but prac
tically it is not, for the duration of
totality will be but a fraction of a
second To the inhabitants of this
section of the globe it will be only a
partial eclipse, and will be visible
only in the eastern states and eastern
Canada, Persons Uvfng west of a
line drawn through Pembina, N. D.,
Sioux City, Memphis and Pensacola
will-not be able to witness the pheno-
mena.!*: Washington astronomers are
apathetic regarding the eclipse, for
the reason that it will begin before
aunrlse Jn'thfe section.
The Chippewa chief was born in
1825 in what is now Crow Wing coun
ty, Minn. He is therefore eighty
seven years old, is still in fairly good
health and takes an active interest in
public questions affecting his people.
The old chief is progressive in his
ideas, and believes that the interests
of his people will be best served by
them adopting the white man's ways.
He can see no future for them as
old-style Indians, and has strongly ad
vocated all progressive legislation,
such as the allotment acts and the
Clapp act, and also all measures for
the education of the Indians.
Five mi'Hon dollars of the funds of
the Chippewa Indians have been ex
pended by the Indian Bureau without
any accounting to show who received it.
The Indians have been trying to se
cure an accounting for several yeara
past and Congressman Steenerson ha#,
been very active in the matter.
But in spite of their efforts the Iff
dian Bureau has so far been able to
avoid an accounting of these funds
It is the idea of the Indians that the
attacks on Congressman Steenerson
by Judge Burch and Congressman
Graham are for the purpose of dis
crediting him and preventing him from
forcing an accounting for the $5,000,000
of Indian money spent by the govern
ment officials.
Origin of the Steenerson Act.
Under the treaty of 1867, establish
ing White Earth reservation, each In
dian was to have 160 acres of land
Whenever be had'cultivated forty acres,
or forty acres whenever he had culti
vated twenty acres, or twenty acres
whenever he had cultivated ten acres.
This is what is called the cultivation
clause, and only about 200 Indians
ever secured their full 160 acres un
der this clause. The Nelson act of
Jan. 14, 1889, provided for allotments
of only eighty acres each, but that
law was not to take effect until ap
proved by two-thirds of the male adult
Indians of each tribe or band. When
the commissioners, Senator Rice, Bish
op Marty and Mr. Whiting, held the
council with the White Earth Indians
they refused to agree to the law, un
der which it was proposed to cede
4,000,000 acres of land in Northern
Minnesota to the government, unless
they were promised the 160 acres
mentioned in the treaty of 1867. They
promised, and thereupon, in consid
eration thereof, the Indians signed the
agreement, and the Nelson act went
Into effect. The land was ceded to the
United States in trust to be disposed
of the agricultural land to home
steaders at |1.25 per acre, and the
timber land to the highest bidder.
When the secretary of the interior
proceeded to allot the land to the In
dians of this reservation under the
law he issued instructions and direct
ed that each Indian should only have
eighty acres. The White Earth In
dians went to Washington and made
a protest, and. invoked the promises
made by the representatives of the
government. The secretary of the in
terior and the commissioner of Indian
affairs asKed the commissioners, Sen
ator Rice, Bishop Marty and Mr. Whit
ing, if they had promised 160 acres
to each, aid they wrote back and said
that they had so promised, and re
ferred to the printed council proceed
ings, and said further that they
thought they had the right to
so promise and waive the cultivation
clause of the treaty of '67, The secre
tary then, in 1892, wrote a letter to
the senate committee on Indian affairs
requesting that a law be passed au
thorizing him to carry out the'prom
ise of 160 acres of land made to the
Indians, and Senator Dawes of Massa
chusetts, then chairman of the senate
committee on, Indian affairs, intro
duced and secured the passage through
the senate of a bill which is exactly
the same proposition as was after
wards passed and which is now known
as the "Steenerson act" of 1904. The
Dawes bill failed of consideration in
the house. It was again introduced
in the senate in 1897, and on motion
of Senator Nelson #as again passed,
but it again failed of consideration in
the house Later on it was three
Bead Chief of White Earth Chippewas.
different sessions of congress by Co*
gressman Eddy, but failed to get con
sideration until Air. Steenerson took
hold of it soon after his first election.
The honor of the United States was
pledged to the Indians to pass the
"Steenerson act," giving them the ad
ditional eighty acres. That promise
was the consideration for the ratifica
tion of the Nelson act, under which
more than 4,000,000 acres of land was
ceded, and no one can justly criticise
congress 'for enacting the law, hut a
-great deal of criticism can be laid
against th administration of it by the
Administration of Steenerson Aet.
The commissioner of Indian affairs
now admits that these provisions of
the act were so violated that there
are four or five hundred Indians en
i^iedf to additional allotments- who
cannot^ee^ve them because there in
not'enough Tand toga around- -Th^e
was ample authority in the department
to cut down the additional allotments
to forty acres of agricultural land,
and they could have reserved from
allotment- all the pine timber for the
common benefit of the tribe but they
saw fit to so administer the act that
the valuable timber was not only un
equally disposed of, but four or five
hundred Indians entitled to additional
allotments were left without possibil
ity of securing even a part of the same.
The Allotment Incident.
In recognition of Mr. Steenerson's
services the Indians held a council
and elected him a member of the
tribe. They also decided he could
have an allotment on the reservation,
and the old chief wanted to give him
his own allotment. Mr. Steenerson re
fused at the time, in the presence and
within the hearing of thousands who
had gathered to witness the ceremo
nies, but later he was visited by a
delegation of Indians who explained
that a refusal to accept the gift
would be regarded, according to In
dian usages, as an insult to the tribe,
and he consented to sign an applica
tion on the condition that if anything
came of it he would return the value
of it to the tribe by establishing a hos
pital, or in some similar way. The
Indian council proceedings proposing
the enrollment of Mr. Steenerson were
certified by the Indian agent to the
secretary of the interior and he held
that the White Earth band alone
could not authorize the enrollment,
but that it required the favorable ac
tion of all the Chippewa bands of Min
nesota, and as soon as Mr. Steenerson
was notified of this he requested that
his application for.allotment be with
drawn and nothing more was done
with it. The facts in regard to this
episode were extensively published in
the newspapers throughout the district
at the time and were referred W in
Mr. Steenerson's official biography.
Mr. Steer erson has been elected to
congress three times since and the
whole matter was forgotten by nearly
everyone until now resurrected for po
litical purposes. This is all there is
to the allotment matter. The news
paper reports of the Graham investi
gation ba/e sought to create a wrong
impression by insinuation and infer
ence, so that many good people got
the idea that Congressman Steener
son received an allotment and sold it
for |12,000, and it is proper that they
should be set right on that point, for
the insinuation is utterly unfounded.
Of course Mr. Steenerson's political
opponents will question his sincerity
in stating what he expected to do
with the allotment if he got it.
That is politics.
But Mr. Steenerson has a record of
thirty yea^s of honorable dealings with
the people of Northwestern Minneso
ta that wall not be forgotten dealings
that will stand the test. Thirty years
during wnich he has fought for the
laborer, for the farmer, and the small
business man, as against the more
powerful lailroad and other corpora
tions and he has fought for the
rights of the Indians against the
bureaucrats at Washington, who are
eating up the Indians' funds, in the
same way that he fought for the lum-
timsi'lntroduced in the heut* In three berjack and the laborer as an attorney.
Matter Brought Up in Council Meet
ing Last Night But Not in
Proper Form.
Hannah Offers Scheme of Raising
Fee $50 Per Month Until $1,000
Is Reached.
Plants South of Railroads Ask For
An Additional Four Inch
Water Main.
Higher saloon licenses were advo
cated by E. W. Hannah in the coun
cil meeting last night and Mr. Han
nah introduced a communication call
ing for an increase in the, lipense of
$50 per month, beginning June first,
until the sum of $1,000 is reached in
March, 1913. No .action or Expres
sion of opinion-was taken by the
council as the matter was not-intro
duced in proper forpi hut it is under
stood that it will be re-introduced at
the next meeting in the-form of an
Although no formal vote was taken
sentiment on the council appeared di
vided as to the advisability of raising
the licenses. Mr. Bisiar objected
when it war suggested that the mat-*
ter be left to the license committee
and said that it was a matter for each
member to investigate for himself.
It is probable that the issue will come\
to a head at the meeting'May 6.
The bids of the city banks for de
posits of the sinking iund started a
discussion as to condition of finan
ces with the xesalt that the finance,
committee, the mayor, and represen
tatives of the hank are to meet next
Monday and discuss plans for putting
the city on a cash basis. Each of the
banks bid three per cent for the sink
ing fund monies and it was decided
that the deposits should be made in
proportion to their capital.
Communications ore read from
the handle factor} and Fitzsimmons
Baldwin company asking that anoth
er water main be laid across the
Great Northern and Soo tracks so
that they could have fire protection.
At present but one four inch main
carries water to that part of the city,
and should this one break, the entire
section would be left without fire pro
tection. The matter was referred to"
Mr. Chamberlain to take up with the
Great Northern and George Stein for
the Soo.
The septic tank caused consider
able discussion as it was found that
it was costing the city over $500 to
clean it and that under present con
ditions this would have to be done
twice a year. A communication from
the Cameron Septic Tank company, of
Chicago, was read in which the com
pany offered to change the present
tank to correspond to their patents
and then care for it for a considera
tion The matter was left to the city
clerk and attorney for further cor
Application for a transfer of sa
loon license from Ryberg and Nelson
to Ed. Fay was granted. Application
for a renewal by Matt Thome was
granted and bond approved. F. S.
Tibbetts applied for a license to date
from May 6, the saloon to be con
ducted in the building now occupied
by the Model Clothing store. Dun
can McDougal applied for a license to
conduct the saloon formerly operated
by Louis Anderson. Larkin and Dale
applied for a renewal.
The fire committee was instructed
to meet with the firemen and draw
up a series of signals by which fires
can be located in different sections of
the city.
Members of the Beltrami Develop
ment .Association Coming.
The annual meeting of the Beltra
mi County Development association
will be held in the Commercial club
rooms tomorrow afternoon. A large
attendance is expected from out of
town, --,._*
Auto Driven to Meet,
Fergus Falls, April 16.The secre
tary of state has issued a call for ail
auto liverymen of the Ninth district
to meet in Fergus Falls on May 1?
lor the purpose of taking the exami
nation for .competency required by

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