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BELTRAM I BOYS
IN STATE CONTES
Many Youths of This County to Take
Part in Acre Yield Corn Test Con
ducted by Agricultural College
MET AT HIGH SCHOOL TODAY
Will be Instructed by Agriculturist
Gile$800 Offered for Prizes by
Minneapolis Seed Firm
Nearly every one of the boys who
met at the high school building to
day, for the purpose of receiving in
struction in the Acre Yield Corn con
will not only enter the county
contest for which tempting rewards
are offered, but they wiJJ also be can
didates for the prices which are of
fered in a similar contest superin
tended iby the state Agricultural col
lege. Northrup, King & company,
a seed firm of Minnenapolis have of
fered prizes amounting to $800 for
The meeting at the high school to
day was attended by nearly every
boy who has announced his intention
of entering the county and also by
those who are considering to do so.
The contestants were addressed by
Bueford M. Gile, agriculturist in the
Bemidji schools, who is much inter
ested in both contests and who is as
sisting the boys in preparing their
Basis Of Awards
The state contest prizes will be
awarded on the following basis:
Yield af corn, 60 iper cent financial
statement showing ecenomy of pro
duction, 20 per cent completeness of
reports and excellence of story on
'Vllow I Grew My Acre of Corn,". 20
per cent. The Lnancia statement
must consist of an accurate account
of each operation, such as cost seed,
fertilizing, plowing, harrowing plant
ing,cultivating and husking. In the
cost of production will be included
horse labor, man labor, rent, ma
chinery cost, and any other expen
Bach contestant must agree to the
1. He must raise more than four
acres of corn from which to pick the
best acre at harvest time.
2. The corn may be drilled or
.checked any distance in the row, but
the rows must be tbree feet eight in
ches apart, three feet six inches
.apart, or three feet four inches apart,
in order to make the demonstration
-acre conform to normal farm prac
2. The acre plot chosen must be
at least twelve rows wide and in
clude the ground beyond the two out
side rows, to a distance half as great
as that between the rows.
4. He must do all the work re
quired to grow the crop, unless he is
too young to plow the ground or do
the work preparatory to plowing, it
being permissaible to secure assist
ance in this work if full account of
all expense is entered in the cost of
5. He must keep a record of all
operations on blanks sent out by the
Agricultural Extension Division, and
must send in all reports promptly.
Three reports will be necessary, one
after the planting has been complet
ed, one after cultivation has ceased,
and one after harvest.
SUNDAY IN THE CHURCHES.
Sunday school at 12. There will
be no other services on account of the
pastor's absence. J. H. Randahl, pas
There will be services in the Ger
man language in the Swedish Luth
eran church, corner of Sixth street
and America avenue, at 10 a. an. Rev.
Kurz of Brainerd will preach.
First Scandinavian Lutheran
There will be services in the morn
ing at 10:30 in the Norwegian langu
age and in the evening at 8 in the
English language. Sunday school at
12. Rev. C. M. Homeland of New
Richland, Minnesota, will preach tooth
morning and evening. All are cor
dially invited to attend these ser
Morning worship at 10:40. Sub
ject, "Prayer." Sunday school at 12.
o'clock. Jr. League at 3:30. ST.
League at 7 p. m. Evening service at
8. Special music morning and even
ing. Two anthems will he given at
the evening service. A cordial invita
tion is extended to all. Charles W.
Tomorrow will be a special day
morning and" evening. Dr.' Gerritt
Verkuyl, who has charge of the edu
cational work of our Sunday school
board will he here and preach. Dr.
In Command of Troops
En Route to Vera Cruz.
NEWEST VESSEL IN SERVICE
Dreadnought New York Is Admiral
New York, April 25.Rear Admiral
Winslow has raised his flag over the
new super-dreadnought New York.
This vessel, placed in commission last
week, thus will become the flagship
of the special squadron created for
possible blockade service in Mexican
It is assured here that the Texas
and the Washington will sail with the
New York Sunday. Both these ships
"BILL" SHOWS UP AGAIN
Missing Traveling Dollar Exchanged
for Stamps at PostofficeRefused
To Visit Superior With Segal
MRS. FALLS TO SPEND IT HERE
Our friend "Dollar Bill" is still on
earth and in Bemidji. The last we
heard of 'Bill" was when he reached
the Segal Emporium. Just after
"Bill" was tucked into the Segal
safe, Mr. Segal was called to .Su-
perior on business,. but "B,ill" re
fused to go along. One would be sur
prised that a dollar bill would pos
sess so much intelligence, even after
being assured that he would be re
turned or brought back.
When Mr.-Segal returned Bill was
taken to Uncle Sam's postoffice where
he was exchanged for stamps which
were used in sending out advertis
ing literature for the Segal store.
Today "Bill" is in the possession of
Mrs. John Falls, who received him as
change from George Elletson, post
"Wibat are you going to do with
'Bill?' was asked of Mrs. Falls to
day. "Oh, I am going to spend him
in Bemidji. iHe'll go like most of
the dollar bills do when I get them.
I expect to spend 'Bill' in Bemidji
some time during the day and will
advise the Pioneer where," she re
Watch the p/aper Monday for
YOUTHFUL BANDITS TAKEN
Parent and Smith Under Arrest Fol
lowing Long Pursuit.
Escanaba, Mich., April 25.Clyde
Smith, comrade of the bandit Parent,
previously captured, was taken from
a Duluth South Shore train at Nes
toria by Deputy Sheriff Olson.
Smith made no resistance. Parent
has made a complete, long confes
sion, the police say. The two youths
fled from the police here a week ago
and shot one officer, seriously wound
1,600 miles of steam .railroad in
the U. S. have been electrified.
MEETINGS WERE SUCCESS
Spiritualist Sessions Addressed
^Mwj Whitwell Well Attended
Mrs. Joseph Witwell of St. Paul
ipastor of the St. Paul Alliance and
missionary of the State Spiritual as
sociiatdon, will return to her home
this eyening. the series of Spiritualist
meetings which she has been con
ducting here coming to a close today.
The meetings have been very success
ful and the public meetings were well
attended as were the home Circle
meetings. Last evening's Home Circle
was held at the home of A. A. Carter
and the meeting this eyening, which
is not open to the public will he held
at the home of Mrs. Rose Koors, on
FEAR HEALTH CONDITIONS
American Army Must Obey Strict Re
quirements in Certain Parts of
MexicoTyphus Fever is Danger
SCIENCE DISCOVERIES HELPFUL
By Congressman C. H. Tavenner.
on the upland plains of Mexico a
foe to American soldiers more dead
ly than the most desperate band of
Mexican soldiers. The foe is the
dread disease known to Mexican doc
tors as tabardillo, to the Mexican
peons as "el tio" and to the world as
"Unless sanitary precautions taken
hy any invading American force are
unusually good, typhus fever will de
mand a toll of lives that will make
the American .people shudder. It is
one of the deadliest diseases known,
the fatalities among victims rang
ing between 25 and 50 per cent. Ty
phus exists today in only three spots
in the- worldin Asia Minor, in nor
thern Africa, and on the Mexican
Verkuyl is a very able preacher and
will have a message well worth hear
ting morning and evening. Bible
class and Sunday school- at 10.
Morning sermoh by Dr. Verkuyl at
11. Jr. C. E. at 3. Young Peoples'
Meeting at 7. Evening worship at 8.
Sermon /by Dr. Verkuyl. Mid-week!New York, Chicago, Atlanta and
service for prayer and Bible study, elsewhere is a mild form of typhus.
Thursday evening 8 o'clock. The
The last case of true tyiphus known
in this country existed during the
Civil War. But the troops of North
and South were iparUc\ilarly fortun
ate in escaping this scourge, which
had decimated the armed forces of
every previous great war. American
and British soldiers -died like flies
from it during the Revolution. It is
one of the oldest of contagious dis
eases, having ibeen called at different
time "anmy fever," ".camp fever,"
"jail fever," "ship fever," and the
like, for it had always 'broken out
where men were brought together to
live in close quarters such as jails,
ships and military camps.
The cause of typhus was discovered
only in the past five years, and equal
credit for this discovery goes to Drs.
Anderson and Goldiberger of the Pub
lic Health Service. These doctors
went to Mexico in 1910 to study ta
bardillo. They noted that the dis
ease exists only on-the high plateau
of the Mexican interior and is never
found in the tropical lowlands of
the coast. They also noticed that the
upland peons were usually covered
with lice, while lice cannot live 24
hours in the heat of the coast coun
try. They guessed that the disease
was transmitted toy lice, and subse
quent experiments with monkeys ver
ified the truth of their deduction. In
cidentally Dr. Goldberger was strick
en with typhus and nearly died.
The work of these men and others,
however, now makes ft possible for
an American army to enter Mexico
and escape a general scourge of ty
phus. The secret of immunity is
absolute cleanliness, and it is likely
that the army authorities will form
a new sort of corps for regiments that
may invade the country. The new
division will he the wash-tuih corps.
It is essential that the soldiers bathe
as frequently as possible and that
their linen be boiled once a day.
There is admitted to he danger
that typhus will be (brought to this
country Iby troops returning from
Mexico, and the health authorities
concede that it is entirely possible to
have an epidemic in the slums of the
larger American cities. Recent
studies have shown that Brill's dis
ease, which exists among children of
public is cordially invited to these lice were transmitting Brill's disease,
services.S. E. P. White pastor. But where this anild infection can
it was discovered that
WHOLESAL E HOUSE
CHANGESOWNERSHI Gamble-Robinson Company of Min
neapolis Purchases Bemidji Inter
ests of Fitzimmons-Baldwin
HARRY KOORS TO REMAIN HERE
Will Be Connected With Model Manu
facturing CompanyIn creased
Business Demands New Building"
By a deal which was closed this
morning, the well known Minneapolis
firm of Gamtole-Robinson company^
wholesalers of fruits and groceries,
become the owner Of the' Fitzsim
mons-Baldwin company's wholesale
house of Bemidji. j'
Elmer E. Nelson and G. T. Free
man of" the iGaimtole-Robinson com
pany, and C. F. Fitzsimmons, of the
Filtzsmmons-Baldwin company, spent
yesterday and today in Bemidji wind
ing up the affairs of the change and
the purchasers will assume control of~
the business Monday.
To Increase Territory
"It is the intention of the Minnea
polis company to make the Bemidji
house one of the largest of fourteen
associated houses, and the territory 'to
be covered will be much increased.
Forest Halgren of Minneapolis, who
has heen connected^ with Gamble
Robinson for mlmy years will arrive
in Bemidji tomorrow morning and
will have charge of ihe management.
Mr. Nelson today said that while
the wholesale house-
here will be
owned by the Gamible-Robinson com
pany, that it will be practically inde
pendent of the head office.
Will Boost Bemidji
'The object of the 'company is to
make the Bemidji house one of its
largest associated establishments. We
have great faith in Bemidji and re
lize the importance of a first class
wholesale fruit house to the city. It
will be our one aim to boost and ad
vertise Bemidji to the best of our
ability," said Mr. Nelson.
Model to Build
Harry Koors, who has been in
charge of the Fitzsmarions-Baldwin
interests here, will remain in Bemidji
and will be connected with the man
agement of the Modj^Manufacturing
company, in which tie is'one"of the
chief stock holders. Mr. Koors stat
ed this morning (that the increased
business of the 'Model has necessitat
ed that a new building he erected.
The new structure will be built dur
ing the summer and when .completed
will give the iModel one of the most
modern bakery establishments in the
Noll to Leave
George Noll, who has heen secre
tary of the Fitzimmons-Baldwin com?
pany Bemidji house, will remain in
Bemidji for about a month. He will
then go to Duluth where he will be
connected with the Fitzsimmons
D. A. R. "MACHINE" WINS
Washington, April 25.The admin
istration ticket of the national society,
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, won a complete victory in the
annual election. Those elected vice
presidents general were Mrs. George
Mayna*rd Minor, Connecticut Mrs.
Joseph S, Wood, New York Miss
Elize P. Leary, Washington Mrs.
Charles Clement Abbott, New Hamp
shire Mrs. A. V. Lane, Texas Mrs.
George T. Smallwood District of
Columbia Mrs. Samuel W. Jamison,
Virginia Mrs. Charles R. Davis, Min
nesota Mrs. E. F. Noel, Mississippi
Mrs. William S. Crosby, Wisconsin.
exist it is possible for the dread form
of typhus to. spread.
The discoveries of modern medical
science since the Spanish War should
(prove to he a wonderful safeguard to
American soldiers in Mexico. Yellow
fever can he avoided by protection
against mosquitoes ^Mosquitoes also
carry malaria, but recent discoveries
have shown that small daily doses
of quinine will prevent malaria.
Vaccinations for smallpox and ty
phoid are relied upon to pre
vent epidemics of these diseases.
Dysentery can be avoided by the Jise
of clean food and water.
John Hillaby, who was a lieu
tenant in Bemidjl's company of the
State Militia, today received a let
ter from William Smith railroad mail
clerk on the M. & I., and who resides
at Brainerd, requesting that he be
given an opportunity to join the Be
midji company should it be called
to Mexico. Smith stated that he had
heen connected with the Iowa nation
all guard tor three years, and also
took part in the drills of the Second
Wisconsin regiment at Fort Harrison,
Indianapolis/ He,asked that he be
informed as to what action is to be
taken here, in order that he might
enlist elsewhere if not needed.
TO RUN OBSERVATION CAR
Manager Gemmell Announces That
Diner and Sleeper Will be Added to
Service of M. & I. Road
IN OPERATION AFTER MAY 29
W. H. Gemmell, general manager
of the Minnesota &'-International
railroad company, today notified R.
E. Fisher, Union depot agent, that
beginning Friday, May 29, several
new accommodations will he added to
the service operating between Be
midji and the twin cities, 'Which will
include a cafe-observation car and
The change will he made hy the
Minnesota & International, in con
nection with the Northern Pacific,
in orderd to afford the -best possible
and most comfortable train
for Beontidji patrons.
It has been expected for some time
that the sleeper would be provided,
but the announcement, of the cafe
observation car on the day trains
comes more or less as a surprise.
These changes will give Bemidji first
class train service. The sleeper,
which will be run between Bemidji
and St. Paul, will be operated as long
as there is sufficient patronage, but
the observation, car will he run until
the last of August only. _-
ACTING AS CHIEF ADVISER
John Lind to Remain in Washington
^.Washington, April 25.From pre*
ent: ihdlcatroris John Lind "ofMinne*
sotawill remain in Washington indefiV
nitely. His prospective visits to
French Lick and Minnesota have been
postponed indefinitely. Mr. Lind is
acting as the chief adviser of Secre
tary Bryan, and he makes frequent
visits to the White House for consul
tations with President Wilson.
Unless there is a change of program.
Mr. Lind will remain here some
weeks. Before the outbreak of hos
tilities Mr. Lind had planned to go
West. With the beginning of hostili
ties the administration expressed a
wish that he remain and give them
the benefit of his. knowledge of Mexi
can men and conditions acquired dur
ing his long stay in the Southern re
Mexicans at Ensenadir Make an At
tack on Foreigners.
San Diego, Cal., April 25.-Tele-
graphic advices received from Ameri
can Consul Guyant tell of anti-Ameri
can rioting at Ensenada. Mexican fed
erals and the populace, according to
the report, were attacking the Ameri
The monitor Cheyenne, now in San
Diego harbor, will leave immediately
under rush orders for the Mexican
city. TWO VOLCANOES IN ACTION
Vesuvius and Etna Belch Forth Si
Rome, April 24.Mount Vesuvius,
on the west coast, and Mount Etna, on
the Island of Sicily, became active
simultaneously. Violent tremors of
the earth ^-accompanied the eruptions.
There is said to be immediate danger
in the vicinity pt Vesuvius..
Team to Practice
The first baseball (practice of the
Athletic club team will be ^held to
morrow afternoon at the Fairtgrounds
As many candidates as possible are
urged to he present. Manager Daly
is already arranging games and only
those who have shown interest in the
welfare of the team will he given an
opportunity to play.
If The Boss Had Seen Her He'd Understood By"HO F'
Washington, April 25Renewed
reports that Secretary Bryan intends
to resign from cabinet in circulation
here. According to one story Sec
retary Lane has been picked as his
successor. Daniels will be shifted to
interior and Padgett of Tennessee
made secretary of navy.
Washington, April 25While still
professing that there is no war, and
that ihe next move must come from
General Huerta, the administration
has showed that it would not carry
diplomacy to the (point of danger.
Before dispatching the army, Pres
ident fv/ilson hoped that Huerta
would have to make a move to declare
Money on Demand
NINETEE N AMERICA N REFUGEE S TAKEN
FRO TRAI N AN SHO IS LAT E REPORT
Were on Way From Mexico City To Vera CruzOne British Subject In-
cluded in List of MurderedRumor in Washington That Secretary
Bryan Will Soon Resign Given Renewed Publicity
HUERTA EXPECTED TO MAKE DECLARATION OF WAR TODAY
Washington, April 25.American
counsul are Vera Cruz reports that
nineteen Americans and one British
subject were taken from train on
way to Vera Cruz from Mexico City
last night by Huerta forces and are
believed to have been shot.
army was sent on
a move made hy our forcesthe call
from Rear Admiral Badger for rein
War Seems Certain
On Capitol Hill, the expectation is
"general that the president will soon
appear before congress again to de
clare war and ask for volunteers.
While the administration is firm in
stating that there will he no "ag-
gressive policy," it is equally firm in
declaring that it will meet Huerta
and _Carranz!a in aggression. There
will he no half-way measurers when
the United States moves.
Congress is Willing
Therefore, depending upon hostil
ity from Huerta, congress expects to
welcome the president on a war mis
sion shortly. And the enthusiasm
which will greet him will be in strik
ing contrast to the lethargy which
followed his recent "peace"'message,
in which he asked for the use of the
armed forces of the United States.
Chairman Fitzgerald of the house
appropriation commitee assured the
president yesterday there will be no
delay in granting money for war pur
poses. The president thanked him
and said: "At present" he saw 'no
need of further appropriation.
A Republican of the house from
1die West said that a formal declara
tion of war and an adequate grant
of money will be voted unanimously,
that the house is only awaitrng the
action of the president, and that no
body in the house believes that the
operations in Mexico can be limited
to a movement against Huerta. He
said it will spread into a general war
and that we may as well accept the
situation now as later.
Funston Won't Dally
"In four days' time we will be
ready to invade Mexico if circum
stances call for it," said a high ad
ministration official today. And
Washington is not blind to the fact
that the officer at the head of the
possible, invading forces is the man
who captured Aguinaldo, Brigadier
General Frederick Funsiton. That
when Funston once starts for the cap
ital, his orders will be to "Get Huer-
ta," is no longer doubted here.
Army Being Massed
Meanwhile an army is to he mas
sed at El Paso, which is the key to
the only route into 'Mexico City.
Where mountain and ^eavy artillery
is the equipment of the force proceed
ing to Vera Cruz, light artillery is
ibeirag massed at El Paso, because the
march southward is through a coun
try where that only will he avail
able for use with cavalry and artil
lery. The general staff plan is to
join the two armies at Mexico City.
Burn Nueva Laredo,
Laredo, Texas, April 25.Nueva
Laredo, a thriving Mexican border
town opposite here, is in ruins, de
vastated by dynamite and fire by
Mexican Federal soldiers, who late
to flee southward before the guns
of the American border patrol. Two
Mexicans are known to have- 'been
killed by the ^United States, (troops.
Several were seen to fall when the
machine gun platoon from Toj$ Mc
intosh got into action.
Several hrisk skirmishes between
the Americans and Mexicans were
fought as the Mexicans got their
troop trains ready to pull out of the"
burning city, which began an indis
criminate fire across the internation
al (boundary, hut tonight there was
no evidence that their shooting had
Half Million Damage
The property damage at Laredo
Nuevo will reach half a million.
The American buildings destroyed
were the American consulate, the
municipal building, the postoffice,
one of the largest mills in this sec
tion, the railroad shops of the Mexi
can. National Railway and other
buildings. Latelast night the fire
was still burning with no chance that
it will be controlled until everything
inflammable was wiped but. No
property loss at Laredo, Tex. Both
International bridges are safe,
though efforts to dynamite them re
sulted in the death of two men en
gaged in the undertaking.!
Vera Cruz, April 25,Large
force of Marines has started in
land to guard railroad line from
attack which General Mass is
hourly expected to make.
Washington, April 25.Rea-
son for dispatch of army brigade
at Galveston, now enroute to
Vera 'Cruz, is because oif the dan
gerous position which exists at
Tampico where large number of
Americans are without protec
tion. On arrival of troops at Vera.
Cruz, Marines will be rushed to
Washington, April 25.Be-
cause of strong anti-American
feeling in Mexico (Sty, declara
tion of war by Huerta is one of
days strongest possibilities.
Panama, April 25Colonel Goe
thals, governor of Panama can
al zone, has issued orders placing
canal zone on strict war footing.
FAST GAME TOMORROW
Two Teams Organized for Baseball
Match to be Played Sunday
Ralph Lycan and Jack Herbert
have organized two baseball teams
which will meet tomorrow morning
at 10 o'clock at the Fair grounds.
Much interest is being taken in the
contest and some of the best base
ball talent of the city will he In the
lineup. Lycan and Herbert will be
the opposing pitchers. The game
will he played under the conditions
that the nine ahead at one o'clock
shall be declared the winner, even
though the required number of in
nings have not been completed.
CONTEST CLOSES APRIL 30.
John Ziegler To Award Cash Prize
For Best Advertising Idea.
John Ziegler, proprietor of the
second hand store, has announced
that he will (give |10 in cash, for the
best advertising idea suggested to be
used on the south roof of the Viking
boat house. Only a few have taken
advantage of this offer and these
are confined to children. Mr. Zieg
ler says that any person may com
pete. The offer closes April 30, and
he expects to receive hundreds of re
plies before that time.
yesterday began an orgy of destruc-f:^g
tion which did not end until forced ^?il