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"There Can Be But One Outconu c
War," Says 'Joffre of Serbia'
Merely Question of Time.
GREAT ABILITY AS STRATEGIST
Record Remarkable Considering Lack
of Munitions During Two Months
of Trench Warfare.
By HENRY WOOD.
General headquarters of the Ser
bian army, Kraguyevats, Serbia,
April 27.(By mail to New York.)
"There can be but one outcome to the
present war. The allies have almost
completely encircled the Austro-Ger
man empires with a wall of steel
and fire. Against this impassable
barrier, the Austro-Gerraans are now
beating out their ever-diminishing re
sources. It ia merely a question of
time until* they must be beaten."
His Longest Interview.
With this statement, the longest
interview he has ever grantedField
Marshal Putnik, chief of staff and
the silent "Joffre" of the Serbian
army, received me at general head
quarters today. The Serbians call
him their "Joffre" and the Germans
might admit that he is the Serbian
"Von Hindenburg" for at the close
of the second Balkan war the Ger
man military attache with the Ser
bian army, in his official report to
the German government paid high
tribute to Gen. Putnik as the greatest
military strategist of modern times.
Like the French generalissimo, Put
nik is taciturn in ordinary conver
sation and speechless when it comes
to military operations. Brief as are
the communiques given out by the
Serbian government they are alto
gether too verbose with the com
mander-in-chief. At the close of the
last great battle with the Austrians,
in December, when Putnik drove the
enemy out of Serbia and forced them
to leave behind 30,000 dead and 40,-
000 prisoners, he forcibly expressed
his disapproval of the text of the of
No Austrians Left.
This was Gen. Putnik's own idea
of how the communique should read:
"Following our operations ^f the
last jLhree weeka there are BOW no
Austrian soldiers on Serbian soil, ex
Putnik's great ability as a strate
gist first brought him into promin
ence in the last two Balkan wars.
He crushed the Turks and by such
carefully planned strategy that the
Serbian losses were comparatively
very small. At the famous battle of
Komanvo, the Turks left 50,000 dead
and wounded on the field and the
Serbians only 16,000.
In the present war his remarkable
ability in handling armies was put
to still greater test, owing to the ex
hausted resources of his forces, fol
lowing the two previous wars. In
the first clash with the Austrians at
Sabatz and Losmitzia, where early in
September the enemy suffered their
first crushing defeats at the hands
of the Serbians Gen. Putnik's army,
nevertheless, lost heavily. There fol
lowed one of the most masterly re
treats in history. It was until early
in November that the Austrians
gathered another army and started
against Serbia. They planned first
to take Kraguyevats, where the Ser
bian arsenal is located, then to march
on Nish, the temporary capitol and
then on even to Salonika, the Aegean
port at which Austria has cast long
ing eyes for half a century.
Held Invaders Back.
Putnik's army had spent nearly all
of its remaining munitions in two
months of trench warfare interven
ing between the September and No
vember campaigns. France promised
aid, but it was known it would be
weeks in arriving. It was during
these weeks that the Serbian "Joffre"
performed miracles of strategy. He
placed his troops at points in the
mountain passes where the Austrians
were forced to traverse and at a mini
mum expenditure of ammunition held
back the invaders until the French
ships reached Salonika. When aid
came the Austrians were within a
(Continued on last page.
SUNDAY IN THE CHURCHES
Low mass at 7 a. m. High mass
at 9 a. m. Sunday school at 10:30
a. m. Vespers at 8 p. m. May de
votional meetings every evening dur
ing May, at 7:30. Father J. J. T.
Sunday school at 10 o'clock. There
will be no other service. Archdeacon
Services in the Elks' hall Sunday
morning at 11 o'clock. Wednesday
evening services will be held in the
EMPIRES Wi:V ALL OF STEEL AND FIRE"
:m?m ON WAR CAUSES
TiU Be Held in Revered In-
dent, jnce Hall for Purpose of
Preventing Future Struggles.
DEFINE INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS
Philadelphia, May 29.On June
1 the ancient and revered Indepen
dence Hall in this city will for the
second time in its history resound
with the words of men raised in be
half of independence of human be
For, by special concession of the
municipal authorities the Society to
Eliminate Economic Causes .of War
begins a conference in the Hall where
141 years ago the public meeting
was held that led to the signing of
.the Declaration of Independence.
That was on June 1, 1774, which led
to the final meeting of July 4, 1776
when the Declaration, was formally
And by a remarkable coincidence
at the meeting which convenes
Tuesday there will be thirteen dele
gates from South American countries,
which corresponds to the thirteen
representatives of the original states
that met in Independence Hall in
But, unlike the meeting 139 years
ago which brought on war, the con
ference which starts June 1 is call
ed together to consider ways and
means of preventing war in the
future. And, in place of a Declara
tion of Independence, the delegates
from the South. American states plan
to draw up a Decalaration of Interde
This pact, which is called the Com
mercial Federation, will contain a
clause binding all parties to it to
absolutely observe the neutarility of
the high seas.
Second, it provides that no coun
try shall change its tariff, shipping
or immigration laws without giving
other nations of the world due no
tice, as such laws are of international
importance and affect all mankind.
A third clause provides that when
a man himself is out of the country
or sends his money out of the coun
try, that becomes an international
question and not a local one.
Economists who "are to speak' at
the sessions beginning Monday claim
that had such a pact as they propose
been in force between the nations of
Europe there would have been no
war. And they assert that the success
of such a pact now with South Amer
ican countries, and possibly with all
nations in the Western Hemisphere,
will prevent war forever in this side
of the world.
Among those interested in the
problems which will be discussed are
Isaac Sprague, president of the N.
W. Harris Co., Boston. Roger W.
Babson, of Wellsley Hills, Mass., is
secretary to the Society to Elimin
ate Economic Causes of War.
DOES ADVERTISING PAY?
100 Stew-Pans Disposed of at Given
Store in Twenty Minutes.
Does advertising pay? That the
answer must always be in the affirma
tive was conclusively illustrated this
afternoon when 100 stew-pans of
fered for sale at the Given hardware
store were disposed of in less than
twenty minutes. Yesterday the
Given company in a Pioneer display
ad advertised that at 2 o'clock today
100 Wear-Ever aluminum stew-pans
would be placed on sale for ten cents
each, the purchaser being required
to present a coupon clipped from the
Pioneer. Only one pan was allowed
Washington, May 29.In the offi
cial report to the state department
of the attack on the Nebraskan, the
chief feature was the story of the
chief engineer of the vessel who stuck
to his story that he saw a white
streak on the starboard side and im
mediately afterward felt the explo
sion. This seemed to bear out the
theory of the Nebraskan being struck
by a torpedo.
DANCE WAS ENJOYABLE
Ball Given in Honor of High School
Graduates Last Night a Success.
One of the prettiest parties ever
held in Bemidji took place at the
City hall last evening when the ju
nior Class of the high school enter
tained at a ball in honor of the
graduates. The hall was elaborately
decorated in the colors of the high
school, blue and white, streamers
running across the entire length of
the hall. To distinguish the boys
of the junior class blue coats and
white trousers were worn. The
music, furnished by the band orches
tra under the leadership of Director
Vieson, was splendid, much improve
ment over the playing of previous
dances being noticeable. The or
chestra comprised the following: H.
Vieson, leader, violin clarinet, H.
E. Anderson trombone, Fletcher
Grimoldby cornet, Axel Kittleson
piano, Miss Ruth Riley, and traps,
Herbert Wood. Misses Dorothy Car
son, Milre Achenbach and Florence
Gratton presided at the frappe table.
WILL NOT CHANGE POLICY
Appointment of Sir Henry Jackson as
First Sea Lord Not to Alter.
England's Naval Plans.
TAKES LORD FISHER'S PLACE
By J. W. T. MASON.
New York, May 29.The appoint
ment of Admiral Sir Henry Jackson
as first sea lord of the British admir
alty does not mean that there will
be any essential change in England's
naval policy. Admiral Jackson owes
his post primarily to the fact that
Lord Fisher resigned as first sea
lord and committed the unpardonable
sin of leaving the admiralty in a
rage before final action had been
taken on his resignation.
Strength of Will.
His passing emphasizes the effect
of strength of will when combined
with error of judgment. Lord
Fisher, who is strictly subordinate to
the civil head of the admiralty, tried
to make himself the Kitchener of the
navy. Unfortunately for himself,
his supreme effort to dominate the
nav^came at the moment_when Lord
Kitchener's dictatorial. authority at
the war office-was being overthrown.
Having at last put Kitchener in his
place, the British government had no
intention of permitting Lord Fisher
to become a new irresponsible and
so he was not recalled to his vacated
desk. Winston Churchill acted in
quite the opposite manner to Lord
Fisher when the crisis between the
civil and naval heads of the Admiral
ty arose. Instead of running off in
(Continued on last page).
BASS SEASON OPEN
Many Bemidji Fishermen Take Ad
vantage of Season Opening.
Today the bass season opened and
as a consequence of the pleasant
weather many Bemidji fishermen de
parted for their favorite haunts last
evening and early this morning.
Several left with the intention of not
returning until Tuesday morning,
Monday being a holiday. The opening
of the season makes it legal for a
fisherman to land 15 black bass of
not less than nine inches in length.
The bass season in Wisconsin opens
Sunday, when the angler may land
15 bass of not less than 10 inches in
length. In the latter state there are,
many county fishing regulations
which it would be well for the fisher
men to investigate before planning a
trip. In either state the non-resi
dent license for fishing with hook
and line is $1.
Sunday night at 8 o'clockSermon
to graduates by Rev. Ira* D. Alvord,
Baptist minister, in the Methodist
church. This will be a union ser
Wednesday eveningClass play,
"The Dream That Came True."
exercises in the Methodist church au
Automobile Races, Street Contests,
Water Events and Baseball Gaines
to Feature Fourth of July.
ARRANGE BIG STREET PARADE
Committees Appointed and Work Will
Begin Immediately t$ Make Event
Big SuccessMoney it Raised.
Bemidji is to have a Fourth of July
celebration this year which will ex
cel all previous attempts here or in
any other city or town of Northern
Minnesota. The success of the cele
bration is assured by, the splendid
manner in which the business men of
the. city are responding to a request
for donations to finance the proposi
tion, it being stated by Eugene B.
Berman, chairman of^the soliciting
committee, that nearly\atf of the nec
essary $1,000 has been subscribed.
Committees Are Named.
Friday afternoon the' general com
mittee met in the roomB of the Com
mercial club, formulated plans and
appointed sub-committees to have
charge of the various divisions of the
celebration. The committees named
Committee in charge of priv
ileges and attractions is E. B.
Berman, chairman, and Frank
Contests on streetsJ. K.
Given chairman, E. B-. Denu and
Charles Cominsky. &~~
Advertising and publicityE.
H. Denu, chairman, ,F. G. Hal
gren and R. L. Given.
Water eventsGeorge T. Ba
ker, chairman. [t
Auto races and horse races
E. A. Barker, chairman.
Automobile parage -r- Frank
Koors, chairman. j$
The judges in this last event will
be left for selection or^appointment
by the Woman's Study club.
The committee will make every ef
fort to secure all merchants to co
operate in the way of'^ decorations,
each to be requested to decorate his
window and store fronts.
Arrange Big Parade.
Special efforts will be extended in
order that, a large^turBHut_may be
secured forJilie ^autdn^flMle .parade
and it now, seems likely- that five
prizes for the most attractive cars
will be awarded. There was an en
tire lack of interest in the parade
last year and the result was rather
disgusting, only a small number of
machines being entered in the parade.
It costs but little to decorate a car
in a manner sufficient to enter it, and
this fact together with a spirit of
loyalty and patriotism should result
in at least 200 machines being placed
in the parade.
The committee is arranging for a
mammoth feature attraction and is
extending invitations to all the
neighboring towns in this section of
the state. Ball game, horse races,
auto races, running races, boat races,
pig race, sack race, three-legged race,
potato -race, tub race, canoe race and
dozens of other forms of amusement
will be placed on the program. Watch
for other developments.
LITTLE CHAP BELIEVED FOUR
CENTS WOULD PURCHASE FORD
With four red pennies clasped
tightly in his tiny fist a three-year
old lad stalked into the office of the
Jewett automobile garage this after
noon and in a business-like manner
stated that he wished to buy a Ford,
offering his wealth in payment. Mr.
Jewett informed the little chap that
he was entirely sold out. With keen
disappointment the boy, who said his
last name was Nelson, but that he
had forgotten his first name, walked
from the shop. "Everybody wants a
Ford," said Mr. Jewett following the
Pupils in Recital.
Fifteen of the junior pupils study
ing music under the direction of Miss
Sallie Witting, held a recital at her
home on Bixby avenue this after
noon. After the program refresh
ments were served. The pupils have
organized a club and will meet every
four weeks at the home of Miss Wit
SCHOOL NURSE ENDS WORK
Physical Condition of Every Pupil in
Grades Tested by Mrs. Sohroeder.
Mrs. A. L. Schroeder, visiting
nurse, who has spent the past two
months working in the schools of
Bemidji, departed for her home Li
Minneapolis last evening. During
her stay in Bemidji Mrs. Schroeder
has tested the physical condition and
examined the eyes, ears, nose and
throat of _every boy and girl in the
grades of the local schools, complete
records having been secured. Her
work has been of great value and Is
much appreciated by those who have
become familiar with it. Mrs.
Schroeder was brought to Bemidji
through the efforts of the Woman's
Study club, coming for a period of
one month. The importance' of a
longer stay was realized and the
Study club, assisted by the BChool
board, provided funds for another
month. It is possible that a nurse
may be secured for the Bemidji
schools during the next term. A
complete record of conditions in the
Bemidji schools as found by Mrs.
Schroeder will be published in the
Jf-ANETTE STECHMAN WINS
High School Girl Awarded First Prize
and Free Trip to Minnesota State
Fair in Bread Contest.
EACH LOAF MARKED ON POINTS
Jeanette Stechman, a member of
the junior class, was awarded first
prize in the high school bread baking
contest which was concluded yester
day, the judges, Mesdames W. Z.
Robinson, G. M. Palmer and A. P.
White, spending the entire day in
judging the 53 loaves which had been
Each loaf was marked on points,
Miss Stechman's bread scoring 98%
points out of a possible 100. The
bread was marked under four divi
follows: IGeneral ap-
pearance, (A) size 5, (B) shape 5,
(C) crust-color 4, character 3, depth
3. IIFlavor, (A) odor 10, (B)
taste 25. IllLightness 25. IV
Crumb, (A) charactercoarse or fine
5, (2) tough or tender 5, (3) moist
or dry 5, (4) elastic jor not 5,j[B)^
color ,5, (C)-grain^5*~^-
In winning first place in the con
test Miss Stechman will be given a
free trip to the state fair of next
fall where she will compete with
winners of contests conducted in
other schools of the state. Should
she win this contest a trip to Wash
ington, where the president of the
United States will be visited, will be
awarded her. She also wins a cash
prize of 5.00.
With a score of 98 Miss Alice Min
nick won second place and $4.00 in
the contest Miss Dorothy Carson
$3.00 for third place and Miss Lottie
McDonald $2.00 for fourth place.
Prizes of one dollar each were
awarded to the following: Petra
Larson, Cecelia Olson, Ethel Roe,
Ruth Thatcher, Hilder Anderson,
Leona Smith, Elsie Nuss, Florence
Hayes and Elsie Jennings. Miss Car
son scored 93 points and Miss Mc
Donald 92. The lowest Average
among the prize winners totaled 84.
GERMANY TO LIMIT
Washington, May 29.Germany is
willing to agree to limit her
submarine warfare against merchant
vessels of enemies. It proposes to
permit time being given to passen
gers and crew to take boats, provid
ing that German submarines are not
endangered by such action and as a
result of this decision will insist that
neutrals properly mark their boats.
Two Couples Married.
Lawrence Towney and Fannie
Hillock of Lincoln county, Wis.,
were united in marriage by Judge D.
H. Fisk, court commissioner, yester
day. Judge Fisk also officiated at
the marriage of Anton J. Waller,
If If Had Been Anybody Else But Scoop-WELL GOODNIGHT! By "HOP
who resides on a farm near Bemidji the Modern Samaritan lodge.
and Ida J. Bergwin, of Door county,
Wis. Subscribe for the Pioneer.
GERMANY'S ANSWER TO AMERICAN
PLANS ARE COMPLETE
Committee in Charge of Memorial
Day Ceremonies Announce All Is
Ready for Proper Observance.
SCHOOL CHILDREN IN PARADE
Memorial day, as in past years,
will be properly observed in Bemidji
and the committee in charge an
nounces that all arrangements are
now complete for the Monday observ
The procession will form at the
City hall in the morning and the
march to the cemetery will begin at
10 sharp. Nearly one thousand chil
dren of the Bemidji schools will
march in the parade, as will the
band, firemen, members of the G.
and Circle, civic societies and cit
izens. It is urged that automobile
owners donate the use of their oars
during the morning in order that the
old soldiers and their wives may be
taken to the cemetery for the cere
monies which are to be held there
by the G. A. R. A salute will be
fired over the graves of dead soldiers
by a squad of veterans and the school
children will sing several patriotic
songs. The band will play a few
At 12:30 the veterans and their
wives will be the guests of F. S. Ly
can, president of the council and pro
prietor of the Hotel Markham at a
dinner which is to be served at that
hostelry. About 50 will be in
cluded. The orchestra will play dur
ing the dinner.
The afternoon program will begin
at 2 o'clock in the City hall, James
4.. Peterson, the prominent Minne
apolis attorney, known as one of the
most powerful orators in the state,
being the principal speaker. Charles
W. Scrutchin of Bemidji, whose
father was a slave, will deliver a
short address. W. P. Dyer, superin
tendent of the Bemidji schools,
chairman of the committee, has an
nounced the follpwing afternoon pro
Program Starts at Two.
The, afternoon program will start
at 2 o'clock and will be as follows:
^ITvocationfRey. S. 13. P. WJ^ite.
Reading of Lincoln's Gettysburg
Address^Supt. W. B. Stewart.
ExercisesSalute to Flag and
Flag SongSecond Grade Children.
Seng"Flag of the Free and Hur
rah for the Flag," Fourth Grade
AddressCharles W. Scrutchin.
ExercisesGun Drill, Second
AddressHon, James A. Peter
W. P. Dyer, superintendent of
schools, has announced that there
will be no school Monday. Business
houses of the city will be closed be
tween 12 m. and 3 p. m.
PLAY BASEBALL TOMORROW
Bemidji and Fosston Teams to Meet
in Two-Game Series.
Bemidji baseball fans will be af
forded their first opportunity of the
season to witness the local aggrega
tion in action when Fosston is en
countered at the Fair grounds tomor
row afternoon. A second game will
be played between the same teams
Monday afternoon. The Bemidji
team has been strengthened for the
games and Charles Dailey, manager,
announces that two fast contests are
assured. Ralph Brandon, who was
injured in a game at Blackduck sev
eral weeks ago, will play. Fosston is
represented by its best team in sev
Mrs., John Hedeen returned to Be
midji this afternoon after spending
the past four weeks with friends and
relatives at Duluth, Carlton and
Mrs. Earl Geil returned this morn
ing from Kelliher, where she has
spent a week, working as deputy for
DELIVERED TO GERARD THIS MORNING
Translated and Coded Immediately
Believed That Text of Message Will
Reach Washington Tomorrow,
NO INTIMATION OF CONTENTS
Further Exchange of Notes Probable
29,066 Americans Plan to Re
main in Germany Indefinitely.
Berlin, May 29.Germany's reply
to President Wilson's note sent to
Berlin two weeks ago as a result of
the torpedoing of the British Liner
Lusitania, more than 100 Americans
losing their lives, was deliveredTTo
Ambassador Gerard this morning.
Ambassador Gerard's secretaries
immediately translated and coded the
document, and then sent it to Copen
hagen, from where it will go to Lon
don and thence to Washington, the
text of the message reaching the
state department some time tomor
row. The message is described as be
ing polite but leaving room for fur
ther negotiations. It contained five
Contents Kept Secret.
Absolutely no intimation as to the
contents of the note have been per
mitted to leak out, announced Am
bassador Gerard. However, it is
known that Germany is asking the
United States that Berlin and Wash
ington meet agreement concerning
facts in connection with the sinking
of the Lusitania. It is certain that
a further exchange of notes will re
Few Americans Leave.,
Scandinavian steamship agents de
clare that among 1,200 Americans
500 are leaving for America. How
ever the census jf the consul's office
shows that there are 2,965 Americans
in Germany and of these 2,500 have
stated their intention of remaining iu
Washington, May 29.The passing
of two weeks with no reply by the
German government to the American
note has caused widespread
-tion -here The insistence of Lon
don'reports that the Nebraskan wai.
torpedoed, and published intimations ._.,
that Germany will send a series of/
notes in answer to the American com
munication, delaying the discussion
of the merits of the question until an
agreement on facts, has caused in
The German ambassador confirmed
the London reports that he sent a
wireless to the German foreign office
declaring that the American press
was becoming impatient over the de
lay of sending the German reply,
and that the Nebraskan incident had
aggravated the situation.
It is evident here today that offi
cials are loath to believe the German
government has underestimated the
intense feeling of the American peo
ple over the Lusitania disaster.
OFFICERS ARE SELECTED
Bemidji Tennis Club Form Permanent
OrganizaztionW. L. Brooks Pres
ident and Carl Johnson Secretary
MEMBERSHIP MAY BE LIMITED
W. L. Brooks, cashier of the North
ern National bank, was elected pres
ident of the Bemidji Tennis club at
a meeting held last evening for the
purpose of forming a permanent or
ganization. Carl Johnson of the
Crookston Lumber company office
force, was named secretary-treasurer.
The meeting was held at the courts
of the club and was largely attended.
President Brooks at once appointed
a committee comprising W. P. Dyer,
H. C. Baer and B. W. Lakin to draw
up rules and by-laws for adoption by
the club. He also appointed a tour
nament committee consisting of E.
H. Denu, Bueford M. Gile and Har
vey Wilcox for the purpose of ar
ranging a tennis tournament among
In connection with the tennis club
there will be a water toboggan and
bathiifg equipment located pn -the
water front near the courts, all of
which will be free to members of the
club. It is understood that others
who are not members of the club con
template joining for the water tobog
gan feature and the combination is
proving a big drawing card.
It was also suggested that the
membership be limited, the number
to be sumitted by the committee on
rules and by-laws. '~*c:~".
i.-1-J^ Will Publish Early. ~:j}
1 As Memorial day will pe^obserVed
in Bemidji on Monday, the Pioneer
will be issued at noon, making it pos
sible for employes to attend the ser
vices which are to be held in the
afternoon in observance of the day.r