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FROM GERMANY BY
Entrance Into War Understood to
Have Been Brought About by
Promise of More Land.
SAVOYS SEIZE MUCH TERRITORY
500 Square Miles of Enemy's Terrain
Taken by Advancing Army
Period to Mobilize Important.
By W. MASON
New York, May 31.The entrance
of the eleventh belligerent into the
war this week, has been followed by
a rapid advance of Italian frontier
troops into Austria Probably 500
square miles of the enemy's terrain
has been seized by the Italians The
retreat of the Austrians has been
general and indicated that the Teu
tonic commanders have agreed that
the war cannot be carried into Italy
at the start of the campaign.
The non-appearance of the German
troops during the first week of the
Italian war and the careful avoid
ance of battle by the Austrians is
conclusive evidence that the reports
were generally exaggerated which in
dicate that more than half a million
Austro-Germans were mobilized
along the Italian frontiers. If any
such number as this had been ready
when Italy declared war, the north
ern Italian province would now be
invaded. Italy mobilization is cer
tain to take some time, and during
the period of mobilization, an excel
lent opportunity far afforded for a
demoralizing blow being struck.
That the Teutonic allies have not
been able to take advantage of this
opportunity may have an important
effect upon the Italian campaign for
the first serious blow must have the
large advantage in field operations
that will precede the trench opera
Italy's direction of the concentra
tion seems to be toward Trieste but
it is probable large bodies of troops
are being secretly ferried across the
Adriatic to Dalmatia and Albania
The forces doubtless will be used
to overrun Herzogovina and Bornia,
and to threaten a flank attack against
Austro-Hungary. The trans-Atlantic
movement may in fact become most
important of the campaign. It will
be capable not only of relieving se
rious Austrian pressure against the
Trieste advance, but also may com
pel the Austro-Germans to abandon
their Galician offensive.
Gen Mackensen's army has com
pleted its second week's halt at the
San river after having driven across
85 miles of Galician territory in the
previous fortnight. The Russians
are making an excellent rally and
there is evidence that the Teutons
are short of ammunition. The ar
rival of Gen. Mackensen at the San
on May 15 coincided with the sud
den critical stage of the Austro
Italian relations. It is apparent
Austro-Germany were compelled to
cut down the army's demands for
Why Jtaly Entered.
Italy's entrance into the war is
understood to have been final'y
bought by the allied powers with
an agreement guaranteeing Italian
possession of the territory wrested
from Austria for 15 years after the
close of hostilities. This report is
being circulated among Englishmen
who do not favor the realization of
Italian ambitions at the expense of
non-Italian nationalities in the Aus
The former Italian premier, GioU
itti, opposed to the last Italy's par
ticipation in the war because he be
lieved a war of revenge would follow
the present strife in which Austro
Hungary and Germany will be able to
isolate Italy and crush her. It is
now fairly certain that England,
France and Russia overcame the ar
gument of Signor Giolitti by prom
ising to defend Italy against attack
for half a generation after the sign
ing of peace terms. When that per
iod has passed, Italy must look after
her own interests and must protect
herself by a new alliance based on
conditions prevailing at that time.
Russian Consent Difficult,
Russia's consent was the most dif
ficult because to secure the 15 years'
(Continued on last page.)
BEMIDJI WINS LOOSE GAME
Defeats Polk County Nine 13 to 12
Play Again Today.
In a poorly played game of base
ball Bemidji yesterday registered its
first victory of the season when it
won from Fosston by a score of 18
to i The contest was slow and
uninteresting. Bemidji gained an
early lead but this was soon over
come by the visitors Yesterday's
lineup was as follows: -^^s-.
Pederson c. r.. Cords
Gauser lb Berrigan
Louis Roy 2b Tanner
Courtney 3b Rice
Stadsvold ss Howe
Smith If Brandon
Whaley cf Bailey
Roy rf Bell
The same teams will play this af
ternoon and a much better contest
MANY HEAR SERMON
Methodist Church Packed to Hear
Rev. Alvord Address Graduates.
"Ye Are of a Chosen Generation,
a Royal Priesthood," was the sub
ject of Rev. Ira D. Alvord, the Bap
tist minister, in his sermon to men
bers of the high school graduating
class at a Union service held in the
Methodist church auditorium last
evening Rev. S. E. P. White, pas
tor of the Presbyterian church, read
a passage from the bible and music
was provided by a girls' chorus, as
sisted by Misses Newton, Ostrem, Er
wm and Pfeifer, solos by Miss Beth
Evans and Miss Margaret Newton
and a trio, comprising Misses New
ton, Ostrem and Erwin The col
lection was taken by boys of the
junior class. The church was filled
to its capacity and the graduates oc
cupied front seats.
Mrs. Haugen Dead.
Mrs. Knute Haugen died this
morning at one o'clock. Mr. Haugen
and family moved here from Mon
tana a short time ago, on account of
Mrs. Haugen's poor health. She had
been suffering from heart trouble
for several months past. She leaves
a husband and two children to mourn
her death, a daughter thirteen years
old and a three months' old baby
The funeral arrangements have not
as yet been made.
SACRED DUTY OF BOTH OLD AND YOUNG
KEEP GREEN THE DEEDS OF THE NATION'S DEFENDERS.
PHOT0W FRANK FOURrtiEfe
PETITION GOES TO EATON
Eighty-three Bemidji Young Men
Sign Request That Naval Militia
Division Be Established Here.
TO BE MUSTERED IN JUNE 7
1 Bearing the signatures of 83 young
men4 of Bemidji who desire that a
r&afal militia division be established
Here, a petition to that effect was
sent to Guy A Eaton of -Duluth,
state commander, last evening
It is believed that the commander
will approve the petition today and
that it will be sent to the governor
and adjutant general immediately
Following the endorsement of these
two officials the petition will be re
turned to Mr Eaton with instruc
tions, a date for the muster in, which
tions and date for the muster in which
Ralph Lycan, chairman of the
committee which has been in charge
of the militia plans, today issued the
following notice to those who have
signed the petition:
All men who have signified
their intention of enlisting in
the Bemidji Division of Naval
Militia will report at City hall
for purpose of making out en
listment papers. There will be a
man in charge at the following
Tuesday from 1 m. to 4
m. and from 7:30 to 8:30
Wednesday, the same hours.
Or at Hotel Markham any day
during the week between 8 a. m.
Much interest is being taken in
the militia and it is expected that
a most successful division will be es
tablished here. All petition signers
should remember to make out their
enlistment papers immediately.
Joseph LeFleur and Edith Ruth
Leason, both of this county, were
united in marriage by Judge D. H.
Fisk, court commissioner, late Sat
urday afternoon. They will reside
on a farm, two miles from Bemidji
on Route No. 2.
On account of the absence of Fr.
Philippe from the city, the
funeral of Bridget McManus of Ny
more has been postponed until to
morrow morning at 9 o'clock at thp
SENIORS TO P^fesENT PLAY
High School Graduates Will Stage
"The Dream That Came True" at
Armory Wednesday Evening.
IS STORY OF A FACTORY TOWN
Preparations for the presentation
of "The Dream Tha^Jcame True" by
members of the Bemidji high school
senior class are pracfically complete,
only dress rehearsals remaining be
fore the performance of Wednesday
Problems of a factory town are
revealed in the play. Several col
lege students are spending the sum
mer at the home of t$e factory owner
Who is in ocitroverafy with his em
ployes. The ownerij foreman real
izes the need of a change in condi
tions and after purchasing stock in
the company is able/ to relieve the
Factory life is prominent through
out the entire play and the jolly col
lege students add to'the interest.
Following is the cjast:
Nan, a factory giw, Harriet Dav
ids Gordon Clay, fordman of the fac
tory, Edwin Simons Margaret
Byrnes, Mabel Booth Robert Byrnes,
her brother, Fred Graham Mr. Nor
ton, owner of the factory, Robert
Shaw Peggy Gilbert^ Margaret An
derson Delphine Norton, daughter
of the factory owner,*Claire Nangle
Billy Best, captain of the 'Varsity
eleven, Alvin^Olson Lord Algernon,
Glen Conger Miss Louisa Hawkins,
Marie Cahill Mrs Jenkins, boarding
house keeper, Margaret McGee
Florabel Mullins, Mary Bany Jack,
the reporter, Eugenelcahill Ange
line Maud, the landlady's daughter,
Effie Klungness Misg^Biddle, a suf
fragette, Marie Larfj|j|f^Emmy XJOU
Norton, a small daugf$$r of the fac
tory owner, Gertrude Huntosh Doris
Hall, a cousin of the Nortons, Lucile
BIG SERIAL AT GRAND
"The Diamond From the Sky" is
the title of a big serial feature film
which will be shown at the Grand
theater, the first chapter to be
thrown on the screen this evening.
The picture features Lottie Pickford,
sister of the famous Mary, and Ir
ving Cummings. It has not been
completed, only six chapters now be
ing presented to the public. G. S.
Harding, manager of the theater,
while in Minneapolis recently, saw
three chapters of the play and states
that it is the best he has ever seen.
He received a telegram to ship the
film to Duluth tonight where it will
be shown at the New Grand, Du
luth's leading photo-play house, to
morrow. The "Diamond From the
Sky" is a play replete with terrific
scenes and is one of the most in
teresting romantic novels ever pic
CHIPPEWAS TO CELEBRATE
Will Be 47th Anniversary of Settle
ment of White Earth Reservation.
Chippewas of Minnesota are to
have another celebration on June 14,
observing the 47th anniversary of
the settlement of the White Earth
reservation. The celebration will
last several days and there will be
all kinds of Indian sports and games.
On June 14, 1868, the first contin
gent of Chippewas arrived upon the
White Earth reservation from their
former reservations near the Missis
sippi river, and on June 14, 1873,
this event was celebrated for the first
time. Since that date annual cele
brations upon June 14 have been
held every year.
DESPERADOES HAVE KtUED
\TWlLL3fi A SWELL.
WI LL BE FIRM
Will Cite International Law Calling
Attention to Fact That Repetition
of Acts Must Be Prevented.
DESIRES REPARATION BE GIVEN
Answer to American Note Says Kaiser
Wishes to Co-operate in Clearing
Berlin, May 31.Germany has re
plied to the United States note which
was sent here two weeks ago follow
ing the sinking of the Lusitama
which 1,500 lives, including over 100
Americans, were lost. She sa
that she keenly wishes to co-operate
in a frank and friendly way in clear
ing up possible misunderstandings.
Firstly, regarding the Cushing
and Gulfiight incidents, the German
government had no intention of sink
ing neutral ships in the war zone
and is guilty of no hostile aattacks by
its submarines or aviators, German
commanders being very specifically
instructed in regard to this.
If it attacked only isolated cases,
this was due to Britain's abuse of
neutral flags together with suspicious
and culpable behavior of masters of
these ships. Germany is ready to
express regret and offer indemnifica
tion in these cases. Submarines
have attempted to give passengers of
liners due time to escape but on the
Falaba, the British commander in
stead of heaving to, attempted to es
cape by throwing a rocket signal.
Given Much Time.
The submarine gave the captain of
this boat ten minutes' notice, the ac
tual time being twenty-three minutes
and a torpedo was fired only when
other vessels were coming to the as
sistance of the Falaba.
Sinking of Lusitania.
Regarding the sinking of the Lusi
tania, Germany reiterates her regret
at the loss of neutral lives, but, how
ever, believes that important facts
which are not known are open to
discussion. Germany wishes to ascer
tain whether the facts were known
before starting actual consideration
of the president's note on the as
sumption that the Lusitania was re
garded as an ordinary unarmed mer
chant vessel, and Germany takes this
means to cite that the Lusitania was
one of the largest and fastest British
merchant vessels afloat and was built
by government funds as an auxiliary
cruiser and was carried expressly as
such in last navy list issued by the
The British shipping company cer
tainly understood the danger and
certainly used American lives as a
protection for the ammunition
aboard. Great Britian acted against
clear provisions of American law
which expressly forbids the forward
ing of passengers on ships carrying
ammunition and provides a penalty
therefore. The quick sinking of the
Lusitania was attributable to a sec
Wilson to Answer Soon.
Washington, May 31.Decoding
the German note was finished at
10:15 this morning. It is believed
that President Filson will send an
answer within 48 hours and will
answer the Teutonic claim for a bill
of particulars. In cold, plain terms
he will state to Germany that the
Lusitania was not recognized as an
(Continued on last page).
Scoop Always Disappoints The Boss By "HOP'
^MmMm. ^.i'-^liw^- ^^^ff^^^MM^^I^gf^
WILL AGAIN LEAD REVIEW
Col David J. Palmer, now com
mander in chief of the Grand Army
of the Republic, who headed the first
regiment ttt pass in parade before
President Johnson in 1865 when the
victo"ous Union tioops marched up
Pennsylvania avenue, is to lead an
other review of some of the same men
next September during the national
encampment of the A. in Wash
ington Colonel Palmer's regiment
was the Twenty-fifth Iowa, which he
commanded After the battle of Shiloh
lie was left on the field for dead, but
recovered and took part in some of
the bitterest campaigns of the war.
This semicentennial ill be one of the
events ot the year at Washington
PLACE BtOODHOUMS AN'
I RACK OF MISSING WOMAN
Two bloodhounds arrived in Be
midji yesterday morning and were
rushed immediately to the dense
woods west of Red Lake where they
will be used in an effort to locate
Mrs John Anderson, an aged woman
of Jelle, who has been lost since last
Wednesday. The dog were secured
through the efforts of Sheriff Johnson
who has been giving every assistance
possible to aid in locating the wo
man. The hounds were taken to Red
Lake by automobile and were soon
working on the trail. Mrs. Ander
son had been visiting at the home
of a neighbor and became lost on
her return trip. Searching parties
have scoured the woods for her, one
man reporting that he had seen her
12 miles from her home running
through the woods. Mrs Anderson
is believed to be insane.
REPORT OF ROBBERY
Much excitement was caused in
Bemidji and Nymore Saturday when
the report was circulated that Mrs
Thomas Ward, wife of an employe of
the Crookston Lumber company, had
been robbed of $345. The police
were informed that two masked men
had entered the home of Mrs. Ward
during the evening and demanded
that she turn over the money, claim
ed to have been drawn from a Be
midji bank Saturday. Frank Rip
ple, chief of the Bemidji police, and
Andrew Johnson, sheriff, investigated
the report and found that Mrs. Ward
had not drawn any money from the
bank mentioned nor had she ever had
an account at that institution. Fur
ther investigation convinced the offi
cials that no robbery had been com
mitted. The Wards reside at Ny
Need any neip? Try a want ad.
MEMORIAL DAY IS
250 School Children, Carrying Slags,
Lead Procession to Cemetery
Where Ceremonies Are Held.
PETERSON TALKS THIS P. M.
Public Invited to ProgramOld Sol
diers and Wives Honor Guests at
Hotel Markham Dinner.
Bemidji paid tribute to old soldiers,
both living and dead, today in a most
appropriate manner, impressive cere
monies being held at the cemetery
near the large G. A. R. monument.
In the procession which marched to
the burial grounds were nearly 250
children of the Bemidji schools, each
carrying an American flag, twenty
four veterans, a large number of the
Circle members, the band, firemen
and many citizens. W. P. Dyer, su
perintendent of schools, Julius Bes
tul and B. M. Gile, instructors, had
charge of the children. Last year
there were thirty veterans in the
The old soldiers were carried to
the cemetery in automobiles. The
school children sang "Tenting To
night," "Star Spangled Banner" and
"America," Miss Margaret Newton
being in charge. A short address
was delivered by James A. Peterson,
who is to be the principal speaker at
the afternoon program. The roll
call, many names remaining unan
swered, was impressive.
McCuaig is Marshal.
William McCuaig, mayor, as mar
shal- of the day, led the procession?
The cars in the procession were
owned by William McCuaig, H. M.
Clark, A. A. Andrews, A. P. White,-
E. A. Barker, John Moberg, Edward
Jackson, A. A. Carter, A. G. Wedge,
W. Foley, Anton Erickson, J. P.
Pogue, Eugene Berman, Harry Gun
salus, Thayer Bailey, James French,
Chad Jewett, Mclver's Livery, Charles
Carter, Ole Gennes, Andrew Klevin
and Charles Schroeder. All of these
cars were occupied by old soldiers.
These Veterans Present.
The members of the G. A. R. who
formed in line at the City hall this
morning were: Benjamin Carter, J.
M. Phillippi, H. G. Foster, V. M.
Taylor, C. S. Farris, J. W. Heath, A.
Howe, A. J. Booth, D. B. Smith, L.
B. Larson, Nels Thurlson, George
Cheney, Thomas P. Gerrigan, L. J.
Freeman, Peter Fessenden, William
Wallace, William Schroeder, C. O.
Ghdden, G. P. Irish, Dr. J. Wilkes,
sr., George Smith, S. B. MacColloch,
McMahon and T. A. Cross.
Flag at Half Mast.
At Greenwood cemetery the sol
diers marched from the gate to the
monument erected in honor of the
veterans and where the flag hung at
half mast. Together with the thirty
ladies of the G. A. R. circle they
formed in line while the band play
ed several national airs and the
school children sang.
Dinner at Hotel Markham.
This noon the veterans and their
wives were honor guests at a dinner
served at the Markham hotel. Fol
lowing the dinner a number of short
talks will be given by the old sol
diers and others present and at 2
o'clock the City hall program will
start, W. P. Dyer, being chairman.
This Afternoon's Program.
Following is the afternoon pro
The afternoon program will start
at 2 o'clock and will be as follows:
InvocationRev. S. E. P. White.
SongChoir. Reading of Lincoln's Gettysburg
AddressSupt. W. B. Stewart.
ExercisesSalute to Flag and
Flag SongSecond Grade Children.
Song"Flag of the Free and Hur
rah for the Flag," Fourth Grade
AddressCharles W. Scrutchin.
ExercisesGun Drill, Second
AddressHon. James A,
All stores of the city will be closed
between 12 m. and 3 p.m."
Several persons narrowly escaped
injury Saturday night when the Ford
automobiles owned and driven by
John Larson and Henry Funkley col
lided. The accident took place on
the Nymore pavement. Both cars,
were considerably damaged. ^&,^\