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STATE BOARD OFEDUCATION LOOKING INTO TEACHERSPAY Shortage in Minnesota Presents Problem That Cannot Be Avoided CONFERENCE O SCHOOL BOARDS IS SUGGESTED Investigating Committee Will Report at Annual Meeting of Superintendents Commissioner of Education J. M. McConnell, of the department of education of the state of Minnesota, has sent to each of the county super intendents of schools a number of circular letters to be mailed to the members of the various school boards throughout each county. These let ters tell of the plans which are being made to hold a convention soon to formulate further plans to meet the present situation and determine the best solution for it. Lack of well trained teachers is very evident and something must be done at once to regulate the living conditions of the teaching force, as well as to plan on an increase of salary. Details of Plans. An inquiry made some two months ago by the department of education showed more than 300 school rooms or departments closed because no teachers could be obtained. It also showed more than 1,800 teachers em ployed in positions for which they do not possess full qualification, accords ing to standards set up before the war. It showed further that while in the year 1916-17, the state normal schools graduated more than 750 stu dents and the high,school training departments almost 1,450, the same institutions will this year graduate less than 600 and 1,000 respectfully. Nor is the showing for high school teachers much better. While colleges and universities are overflowing with students, the schools which train teachers have not regained their pre war enrollment. This means that young men and women are not now preparing to teach. Furthermore, be sides those who left the work during the war, relatively few of whom have returned, we are steadily losing to other more attractive fields our best superintendents and teachers. The conviction is widespread and well founded, not only that teaching does not pay, but that it does not furnish a living. The problem presented is one that cannot be avoided by those who are burdened with the responsibility for administering our schools. The edu cation of the children of the state is at stake at a time when the need of education was never more apparent. It is our business to see that the best minds and the best personalities teach the children of Minnesota. Question of Salary. The question seems to be mainly one of salar-y, and that we may know exactly what the situation is, and so far as it is possible determine the best solution of the problem, the state board of education suggests a conference of all the school boards Minnesota to consider definitely the question of teachers' salaries. Since a committee appointed by the Minnesota Educational associa tion is now investigating the question throughout the state, and will report at the annual meeting of superin tendents, held in Minneapolis, March 31 to April 2, it would seem best that the conference be deferred until this report is m. It may be possible to hold the conference during the closing days of the superintendents' meeting. It is hoped that the boards through out the state in all grades of schools will realize the seriousness of the sit uation and will see that they are rep resented at this conference. The following resolution was adopt ed by the state board of education at a meeting held January 26, 1920: That school boards and superin tendents throughout the state be noti fied that it will be the policy of the department of education for the school year 1920-21 to adhere to the requirements for teacher certification and standards set forth in the printed rules of the state board of education that renewals of permits now in force to persons not fully qualified will be granted only on evidence of satisfac tpry teaching and continued profes sional progress by attendance at summer sessions of the state normal schools or college of education that such permits will not be granted to new applicants except on request of school boards who are able to show to the satisfaction of the department education that they have made every effort to secure fully qualified teachers and have offered reasonable salaries for the same, and when the department finds that qualified teach rs are not available for such posi tions. Cautious Clara. *Be my wife and yon will make new man of me." "Tea, and as soon as you'd become a SeW man you would probably think yon were good enough for some other TOmfuV-Boston Transcript MEN LIKE THESE WOULD RULE YOU TYPIt OP COMMUNIST AGITATORS DBPORTID BY U. 8. DEPART. MINT OP JUtTICK. ADOUPH 8CHNAML, Lsadsr of Union of Russian Works**, powerful, anarchistic* organization In America. ALEXANDER SCHATZ, Loader of Communist group In this Country. FAIR ELECTIOir CERTAIN. ASSERTS PROMINENT MEXICAN OFFICIAL Since the Rule of Diaz That Country Has Been Scene of Revolutions By Ralph H. Turner (United Press Correspondent) City of Mexico, Feb. 2. (By Mail.) If Mexico, in the ten years of po litical evolution that has followed the overthrow of the Doar regime, has reached the stage where she will abide by the will of the majority, then she has achieved one of her greatest objects in the struggle for democratic government. Next July Mexico will have an op portunity to prove to the world that she has reached that stage. In the coming presidential election there is material for political dissension and resultant disorder. But the election also offers Mexico the chance to merge peacefully from the first real battle of ballots that the Republic has experienced since the days of Diab, when it wasn't even necessary to count the votes. Mexicans today declare that if their country can weather the troublous waters of an election sea, it will mean the nation i & on the sure road to peace and pros perity. The crisis will have passed. New Election Laws. The difficulty, if there is any, will arise from contests over the results of the voting. With two strong mili tary men in the race a dispute might lead to grave internal complications. Such danger has been removed, how evei, according to Aguirre Berlanga, Secretary of Gobernocion, by the re cently enacted laws of election re form. "Even though both parties may present themselves as victors," Ber langa said in a statement to the United Press, "the executive will recignize as elected only the candi dates able to present authentic proof. The government in power does not have to think twice about the mat ter, its role Being reduced to the simple execution of the people's will." By winning a majority on the permanent commission which func tion while congress is adjourned, the Carranza government will be In con trol during the election. Fifteen of the twenty members composing the commission were chosen in the cham ber of deputies last December, the government candidates winning d&- cisively over those who represented General Obregon. Thus the govern ment not only will be in technical control of the election, but Carranza, through his generals, is pushing plans to completely pacify the coun try before July. Should Interest U. S. There are sidelights in the Mexi can presidential campaign which form the subject of much specula tion. Discussion of this character chiefly centers around the question of whether th government will throw its support to a particular candidate. And the identity of the government condldateIf there is to be onenaturally is being sought with eagerness i- Mexican political circles. Both Gonzalez and Bonillas are mentioned. But the subject is a delicate one, and one that is dis cussed quietly in Mexico City. In many circles the situation as sumes added interest from the fact that a civilian candidate is to make a bid for votes. Bonillas' fate at the JOHN DUBOPP, AefJvo organiser of ComsMmiot group tot fkabotli, N. J. NICHOL08 MICHAILOV, Violent agitator among anarchists la America. polls may be an answer to the oft advanced theory that "Mexico is tired of military men." Then there is the query, often pro pounded in American quarters: "What will the choice of a new Mex ican president mean to the relations between the United States and Mexico?" Mexico's presidential election, as a matter of fact, should hold almost as much interest for Americans as it does for Mexicans. Plant Secrets. The use of X-ray photographs for revealing the inner secrets of the structure of the bodies of men and animals has long been familiar but their application to the plant world Is more recent. The numerous mineral constituents of plants all appear clearly In the X-ray picture, and the fact that even the most delicate structure of plants can be thus photographed bears wit* ness that even those bodies which are apparently transparent to X-rays do absorb them to a certain .degree, which is governed by their consistence and thickness, then content of air and of sap, and their chemical constitution. Like other objects, plants appear upon the photographic plate not as mere shadow pictures,"but in so-called "plastic" representations i. e., giving an effect of three dimensions. Index youi*Records the way YQU want tliem IVpetlwUlMl insert it in the Tab, cut the i Tab the length desiredand in an instant your records are I indexed the way yon wont them I Rand MAKUROWN Tahs are strip* of transparent Fiberloid in any colormoulded to protect and hold the labels firmly. The Government and hundreds of biff Arms use large quantities of MAKUROWN. They find it the money-saving way of indexing records. MAKUROWN Tabs aremade in 6-inch lengths and in 8/16', V, and fa* widths, in varietyof six colors. Ideal for every kind of indexing. 1 Pioneer Stationery House Bemidji, Phone 799-J LONG CREDITS WOULD AID FOREIGN TRADE (International News Service). Boston, Feb. 18."France is re covering from the ravages of war with amazing rapidity and is more eager than ever to resume normal business relations with America," declared C. D. Snow, who has just returned from Parisj where he has been commercial attache for the United States Bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, since July, 1919. *Snow grives some practical infor mation to exporters on the French outlook, and he suggests a way of "getting around the exchange prob lem "Undoubtedly the fallen franc has slowed down business with France," said Snow, "since the more francs are required to buy an American dol lar, the more prohibitive it is for the French to place orders. "To be sure, France is still buying absolute necessities trom America, but she is foregoing articles less needed. Naturally France is turn ing to other markets, where she *a get the goods cheaper. That effect should only be temporary, pending the rates of exchange and business conditions throughout the world gen erally "Our manufacturers can obviate this obstacle by giving long-term credits that would be to defer pay ment with interest, for a tew years hence This would not be a great gamble on their park, since the man. ufacturer would require payment in dollars Bemidji Lodge No. 119, I. O. O. F., Beltrami Ave. and 4th St., meets every Friday evening at 8 o'clock.. THIS WEEK SECOND DEGREE C. J. Winter, N. G., Tel. 862J R. A. Hannah, Rec. Sec, Tel 719W A. Brose TOBACCONIST 400 Minnesota Avenue Keeps the best stock of Tobacco in the Northwest, also Pipes. We do Pipe Re pairing. B. A. IK0LBE GROCERIES The Best That Money Can Buy Corner Eleventh and Doud Phone 6S7 EAT AT Third Street Cafe Our Waiters Do the Waiting QUICK RELIEF FRO CONSTIPATIO N GetDr. Edwards' Olive Tablets That is the joyful cry of thousands since Dr. Edwards produced Olive Tablets, the substitutefor calomel. No griping results from these pleasant little tablets. They cause the liver and bowels to act normally. They never fotce them to unnatural action. Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets are a soothing, healing, vegetable compound mixed with olive oil. If you have a bad taste, bad breath, feel dull, tired, are constipated or bilious, you'll find quick and sure re sults from Dr. Edwards' little Olive Tabletsat bedtime. 10c and 25c a box PHONE For your Livery Car Service and Courtesy Our Motto Ward Bros. Auto Livery THE BEMIDJi DAILY PIONEER WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 1920 SCHOOL PHOT OS Quality and price in portraits made us official photographers for the High school annual. Careful work, good materials, tjne folders, yet low prices. Let us aiso serve YOU wifih photographs. Kodak finishing, toocertainly, at economy prices. RICH PORTRAIT STUDIO Phone 570W 10th and Doud HUFFMAN & Q1EARY FURNITUREAND UNDERTAKING H. N. M'KEE, Funeral Director PHONE 178-W or Subscribe for The Among Other I How the Gothic Roof is made We have ordered and will carry in stock at Bemidji Ready Cut Rafters for Barns 30 ft. 32 ft., 34 ft. and 36 ft. wide Rafters are all ready to nail together and save a lot of carpenter work ST. HILAIRE RETAIL LUMBER GO. G.W Harnwell, Bemidji, Minn. Peerless Radiator Equip your Ford with Peerless honey comb radiator and Hassler shock absorbers. I have a big stock on hand and at a low price. Call me up or come in and see me. Also a good line of Ford supplies. We Can Save You Money Edward Akre Phone 265-W Nymore Minn. THE PIONEER WANT ADS BRING RESULTS A PHOTOGRAPH OF YOURSELF GOOd ThingS on which you could spend A FE W DOLLAR S 1Q GOO ADVANTAGE A REALLY TRUE LIKE- NESS THAT YOU, YOUR FAMILY, AND YOUR FRIENDS WILL ALL AP- PRECIATE. LET US O THE WORK HAKKERUP STUDIO BEMIDJI, MINN.