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The Pioneer is member of the United Today's world's news today. VOLUME XVIII. NO.5* FOUR COUNTY FAIRSPLANTO OBTAIN SANE OUTSIDE ACTS Beltrami, Itasca, Clearwater and Hubbard Will Co-oper- ate to Secure Best WOULtyGET GOOD STUFF AT MODERATE EXPENSE Same Program Would Be Given at Each Fair Held on Different Dates Officers of the county fair associa tions of Beltrami, Itasca, Clearwater and Hubbard counties will meet on Saturday, March 13, at the Bemidji High school to formulate plans for the 1920 county fairs. Dates for the fairs in these coun ties will be arranged by the officials at this time, that booking of attrac tions can be made to the best advan tage of each association. In this manner, the same free attractions can be secured for each fair without ad ditional cost for excess transporta tion, which would be caused by set ing the dates with a long interval between ea.ch fair. Aeents Will Come. Booking agencies will be represent ed at this meeting and the attrac tions lor the fair will be arranged. The officials will also make plans to secure a bunch of good racing "horses to come to the fairs in these four counties. By combining their efforts each fair promises to be bigger and ibetter than ever before. TRADES ASSEMBLY TO BE FORMED SUNDAY President E. G. Hall of the State ^Federation of Labor, who is making an official visit to the Bemidji trades unions, is also instructing them in the formation of a central organiza tion, which will comprise all of the organizations, a body which serves in many ways, in an advisory and "helpful way, not only to the mem bership but to the community as well. Mr. Hall says that the unions of labor are interested in many ways, other than the mere dollar, and as sures all that a body, such as is hoped will be formed, will prove not only of benefit to labor, but will demon strate a value to the city in removing much of the misunderstanding, as well as misrepresentation. The meeting will be held in the Moose hall Sunday evening, at 8 o'clock. TURKISH WARSHIPS MAY BE DESTROYED By Ed L. Keen (United Press Correspondent) London, March 5 'Political ob servers today saw in the decision of the council of foreign ministers, to award Thrace, Smyrna and Adrian ople to Greece, another victory for Premier Venizelos. The decision of the council was announced officially last night It came after considerable debate, and the details remain to be worked out. Turkish warships will probably be destroyed UNITED STATES MIGRATION TO CANADA SHOWS SLUMP Ottawa, March 5.Immigration into Canada from the United States fell off 43 per cent during the last fiscal year, according to a report of the Canadian Department of Immi gration Last year 40,715 Ameri cans settled in Canada, against 71.- 374 the preceding year. For the year just closed figures show 9,914 settlers came from the United King dom and 7,073 from other European countries BLOODY FIGHTING IN PORTUGAL UNDER WAY (By United Press) Paris, March 5.-Madrid dispatch es today said that bloody fighting be tween rebels and government forces was under way in Portugal Many persons have been killed and wound ed in the fighting in Lisbon and Oporto, dispatches sa The trouble, it was said, grew out of the efforts of radicals to institute a soviet control of industries. In earlier dispatches, the Portuguese legation had denied reports that a rebellion had broke loose, received from the Spanish frontier. tASTERN STARCHAFTER LAYS DEPARTED SISTER BENEATH FLORAL BANK Solemn Ritual Given as Their Farewell to Beloved Member Beneath a heavy coverlet of flower ing tributes, Mrs. Walter Marcum was laid to rest in Greenwood ceme tery. Thursday afternoon, under the rites of the Order of the Eastern Star, following services at the Pres byterian church, conducted by Rev. Hibbard, pastor of the First Presby terian church of Crookston. The Elks male quartette sang at the church, and a choir of the East ern Star sang at the grave, where the chapter had charge of the serv ices. Mrs. Marcum was a member of the Eastern Star and members of that order met at the Masonic hall prior to the services at the church and attended in a body. She was also a member of the Presbyterian church and up to the time she was taken ill was very active in the church work, as well as in chapter work. A host of admiring friends are lett to mourn her untimely death and join to extend their sympathy to the be reaved family. DISTRICT DECLAMATORY CONTESTHELDTONIGHT AT H. S. AUDITORIUM After Program, Informal Party at Rooms of Bemidji Association Representatives of the various High schools in this district gather tonight at the Bemidji High school auditorium to take part in the dis trict declamatory contest. A very interesting program has been arranged and it is urged that all friedns of the school be sure to attend. The program is made up of many well known declamatory selec tions and will be punctuated with several selections by the High school (By United Press) London, March 5.President Wil son's second Adriatic note was de livered to the council of premiers this afternoon DEFINITE MOVE TO END TREATY DEBATE EXPECTED TOMORROW Lodge Angered at Democrats Who Refused to Stand by Conferences By L. C. Martin (United Press Correspondent) Washington, March 5 Senator Hitchcock, democratic leader, has written President .vilson, asking him to receive Senator Simmons as an emmisiary of democratic senators, who want to compromise on reserva tions to article of the peace treaty By L. C. Martin (United Press Correspondent) Washington, March 5 A definite move to end the debate on the treaty is expected in the senate tomorrow, it was indicated today. It may be a motion to recommit the treaty to the foreign relations com mittee, thus getting it out of the senate, or to bring up Article at once, and thus come quickly to the core of the whole matter. Considera tion of reservations continued today. Senator Lodge, angered by the re fusal of the democrats to stand by the work of the recent bi-partisan conferences, has announced he will offer no more amendments to the Lodge reservations. Influx of Settlers Seen North Mmnesota Few Years After the program at the High [settlers into Northern Minnesota the school building there will be an next few years is a certainty. Indl- informal party in the rooms cations are that soon there will not of the Bemidji Civic and Commerce be enough improved farms to go association. The local students are planning on showing the visitors a splendid time and it is urged that all local students do their bit. The program which has been ar ranged, contains the following num bers: MusicHigh school orchestra. "Americanization "Paul Schultz, Park Rapids. "Happiness and Liberty" Oscar Lendgren, Akeley. Toussaint L'OuvertureGlen Skin ner, Blackduck. "The New South"Thomas Sim ons, Bemidji. MusicSelected "The Lost Word"Eva Orroch, Park Rapids "The Death Disc"Vivian Pershe, Akeley. "Mandalay" Margaret Oberg, Blackduck "The Martyr"Margaret Dono van, Bemidji. MusicHigh school orchestra Decision of judges. SECOND NOTE DELIVERED. GET TODAYS NEWS OUT OF TODAYS PAPER ^^SMIDJI DAILY PIONE [FARM LAND IN IOWA SELLING AT HIGH PRICE SAYS VISITOR Minnesota Land Owner Re visits Former Home in Waterloo, That State FORECASTS LARGER INCREASE THIS YEAR to A. E. Gibson, who owns consider able farm land in Northern Minne sota and who has a large sheep ranch near Tenstnke, returned the first of the week from a visit to his old home in Waterloo, Iowa. In an interview with Mr Gibson, regarding the farm land boom in Iowa and Southern Minnesota, he said that deals were going through at high prices and indications were that an increase would be asked next year, above the prices paid. Cheap Land Inflated. "This has but one meaning," said Mr. Gibson, "increased rents and re turns, which means increased valua tion on cheaper lands. There seems to be nothing to the land inflation propaganda. The prices advertised are actual facts and farms are chang ing hands every day. "Twenty-seven trains passed thru one town in a short time, loaded with farm equipment and household goods belonging to farmers, who are mov ing from western Iowa to eastern Iowa. The same is true in Southern Minnesota." Settlers Will Come. That there will be an influx of around. These farmers prefer to buy -improved lands and will pay a good price for it. "They have been used to working cleared lands and know little about the stump business. The more land cleared by the present owners the better price the land will bring. So anxious will be the new settlers for improved land that they would pay far more than what it cost to clear Cran, filed in the United States Su it, plus the value or the land. The fact that there are thousands of acres in Northern Minnesota at from $50 to $100 an acre, which will produce as much as the land Iowa farmers sold at $400 nn acre, will see a won derful movement toward this section. AMERICAN-BRITISH ARRESTEDBY SOVIETS (By United Press) Christania, March 5 All Ameri cans and British found bj the Rus sian Soviets in the Murmansk district have been arrested and sent to Mos cow, said a dispatch here today. Soviet troops are reported to have occupied Petcnanga. L. H. WOOLSEY RESIGNS. Washington, March 5Lester H. Woolsey, solicitor of the State depart ment, has resigned, his resignation to take effect on April 1 or earlier. Mr. Woolsey was a close friend of former Secretary Lansing but it was said that the retirement of Mr. Lans ing had nothing to do with his resig nation, that he was leaving for finan cial reason.s REV. WARF0RD HO' Rev L. P. Warfora returned from New York this morning, where he was called two weeks ago by the death of his mother. BOLSHEVISTS READY TO ATTACK POLAND (By United Press) Washington, March 5.A bolshe vist attack and invasion of Poland is imminent according to government advices received, William R. Casslell of the state department agent told the house rules committee today LAKESHORE CAFE HAS OPENED FOR BUSINESS Rivet Brothers have opened the Lakeshore Cafe in the building at 106 Third street, formerly occupied by the Lakeshore Confectionery, and are ready for ibusiness. The building has been remodeled and the proprie tors are in a position to give first class restaurant service, specialising in home-made pies and cakes. -1? BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH S, 1920 ^""Zw'^J*, i!""*""" HOUSE REFUSES TO REPEAL DRY ACT BY LARGE MAJORITY Overwhelming Vote Is Cast Against Killing Volstead Enforcement Law Washington, March 5.The House yesterday,vrefused by an overwhelm ing'majority to repeal the prohibi tion enforcement act The repeal measure was offered by Representative Egan, Democrat, New Jersey, as an amendment to the leg islative, executive and judicial appro priation measure, and Speaker Gillett overruled a point of order against it. Mr. Egan also proposed elimination from the bill of an appropriation of $4,500,000 for enforcing the dry act. Both proposals were defeated on one roll call. The vote on the Eagan motion was 254 to 86. The House then passed the legisla tive bill without a record vote. The State of New Jersey, through its attorney general, Thmoas P. Mc- preme court a suit seeking to have the prohibition amendment declared uncontsitutlonal and to prevent en forcement of the Volstau act. The suit is directed against Attor ney General Palmer and? Dnie v,. Roper, commissioner of internal revenue The bill sets forth that the amend ment was drawn improperly, that in twenty-one states the legislatures have not ratified it as provided by their state constitutions and that there is no power in Congress to pro pose a constitutional amendment reg ulating the hotels and morals of the people REVOLT REPORT DENIED. (By United Press) Madrid, Spain, March 5.Rumors of revolution and establishment of the bolsheviks in Portugal were de nied officially today by the Portu guese legation. BEMIDJI UGH TEAM PLAYS WALKER TONIGHT ON NEUTRAL GROUND Each Has Won Game and Now Will Settle the Third One With a large number of loyal boost ers and ardent backers, the Bemidji High school basektball team left this noon for Cass Lake to meet the Walk er High school quint in the third game of the season. The first con test at Bemidji resulted in a 25 to 9 victory for the locals but when Be midji traveled to Walker last week, the Walker bunch turned the tables on Bemidji and won by a count of 22 to 11. Since this contest is a district game to decide the outcome of the two pre vious games, much interest is being shown by the local team's followers who turned out to make the trip pre pared to back the aggregation to the limit tonight. Several more local fans are planning to go to Cass Lake this afternoon on the freight to be there in time to witness the battle. Walker will be present at Cass Lake with a large crowd of backers but the local boys, before the evening is over, are going to try to make them "backers-out." VIEWING NATION'S PRECIOUS DOCUMENTS Scene in the state department library, Washington, showing some of the thousands that have viewed the nation's most precious documents since they were opened to public Inspection. The original*? were shown of the Consti- tution of the United States, the treaty between the colonies and Kuglnnd, (1788) by which the United States gained Its Independence the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation, the Spanish-American war treaty, minutes of the continental congress, and the trent between Wash- ington-and the Northwest Indian tribes. DEMAND INCREASING FOR COMPLETION OF HUDSON BAY ROUTE Northwest Canadian Farmers Are Insisting That Work Be Resumed (By United Press) Winnipeg, March 5.Insistent de mand for completion of the Hudson bay railroad, on which the govern ment has already spent $13,000,000, is growing 'particularly among the farmers. The government is being asked to spend eleven million dollars more to complete the project. The history of the Hudson's Bay railroad is at. romantic as any of the pioneering by individuals or go\ern-, ments on the continent. More than a quarter of a century ago, demand arose that communica tion be established with Hudson Bay. Finally, in 1908, location work was begun and in 1911 the railway was already under construction After the lapse of nine years the railway is still uncompleted. From The. Pas, Man to the second crossing of the Nelson river at Kettle Rapids -a distance of 332 milesthe track is laid. For the remaining 92 mile'., to Port Nelson, the grading s complet ed. Over thirteen and a half millions of dollars have been expended on the railway and six and a half millions of dollars have been expended on the harbor improvement at Port Nelson. During the last three years, little work has been done either on rail ways or harbor Improvements tl is estimated the new route will provide an outlet for thirty million bushels of western wheat at a smaller cost than by the already completed route to the eastern seaboard. When the railway reaches the Bay it will open a larger area for inves tigation and financial enterprise than will any other railway to be built in Canada for several generations, it is believed. WEIL KNOWN AUTO AGENCY CHANGES HANDS Ray Kahher and J. A. DeLeuil have taken over the agency for the Over land and Willys-Knight cars and the International trucks in this city. The agency "was formerly conducted by George Keenan. Mr. Kaliher is an old resident of this city and well known here. Mr. DeLeuil came here a short time ago from Louisville, Ky He Is exper ienced in automobile engines and accessories, having worked in this line for several years. DEEP SNOWS FORCE ARCTIC BIRDS SOUTH (By United Press) Hartford, Conn., March 5.Deep snows and an unusually severe win ter in the Arctic regions are believed to have caused the migration to this state of thousands of birds seldom seen in this latitude. Last December the same pheno mena was observed and noted in New Hampshire and Maine by John Bur roughs, the celebrated naturalist and bird student. Burroughs attributed the cause to unusual conditions in Greenland and Labrador and pre dicted a severe winter to follow. That he was right in his contention is now borne out here in Connectict not only by the arrival of these strange birds, but by weeks of zero weather and heavy snowstorms. GERMANS ARE ANMISOVER FRIENDSHIPS UNITEDSTATES "What Is the Sentiment?" Query Asked Frequently From U. P. Staff Man REALIZE THAT AMERICA HAS THE MONEY BAGS Useless for Foreigner to Try to Discuss Guilty Who Started War By Carl Groat (United Press Correspondent) Berlin, Feb. 14 (By Mall.) "What is sentiment in America toward Germany? Is America ever going to be friendly toward us again?" These are the most frequent Ques tions an American meets in traveling about Germany. The writer has just returned from a journey on which he had an opportunity to question and be questioned And we found that the two above constituted the leading things In which the travelers weie interested. Some of them asked in the manner of people who didn't or wouldn't un derstand why America came into- the war Others aBked hopefully they were for the most part persons witn relatives in America, and they hoped that relations would again be friend ly in the near future. Self-interest Plays Role. Self-interest plays the largest role in the questions. Germans realize vinerica is the land with the money bags at this time. And they are in terested in friendly relations mainly because they feel that such relations would mean added food and added raw materials from the American storehouse. It was interesting to check up on German attitude as to the Kaiser. On a train between Hamburg and Kiel, there was a middle aged Ger uiuii of good appearance who had been in big business all his life. He admitted he was monarchistically in clined, but said emphatically he and Ins circle of friends were quite op posed to the return of Wilhelm. A republic for a time would suit them then if quiet and order were restored they would like a limited monarchy Women Not Interested. A woman of perhaps fortyevi dently a buyerwasn't interested in Wilhelm's return. Others indicated their feelings variously, but whether they wanted a monarchy again or not, weren't favorable to having the former Kaiser return. A wounded officer complained of present-day condition He could get no work be cause he is crippled and yet the gov ernment was cutting off his support "That is the thanks of the Father- land," he said bitterly "War Guilt" Taboo. It one talks war guiltand it's a useless subject for a foreigner to at temptone never gets a confession that Germany started the war. Some body else did or else Germany had only partial guilt, say the Teutons. Everywhere, too, the Germans are interested in the American "Alko holverbot"their word for prohibi tion "Why is it that was put into force in America," they ask One does his best to explain it so a Teuton mind shall comprehend but the Teuton mind isn't so eos structed as to understand American reasons or methods in handling the liquor question. NEW RIALT0 THEATRE, ST. PAUL, IS DESTROYED (By United Press) St. Paul, March 5 Fire early to day destroyed the new Rialto theatre. Candy Kitchen and restaurant, and' damaged an adjoining pawn shop and saloon. The damage is estimated at between $60,000 and $100,000. Firemen battled five hours in zero weather, while ice filled streets iblocked street car traffic The fire was still smoldering at 9 o'clock this morning. PREMIERS MODIFY ECONOMIC POINTS By Henry Wood (United Press Correspondent) Paris, March 6.The French office announced today that economic de cisions of the council of premiers with regard to Russia and Germany had been modified to meet the French view point. The text of economic notes will toe given out soon.