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i Only Daily Within 100 MUM of Bemidji VOLUME XVIII. NO. WORLD'S BES EXHIBIT OREANDIf.AT SHOW N I RE 4y Citizens of Bemidji Owe It to Themselves to Visit Armory Display 41 STATE OWNED MINES ILLUSTRATED Peat Considered Second in Mineral. Resources Shown by Samples and Charts It seems hardly possible that Be anidji should be favored with the first exhibit of minerals which is consid ered by experts to be the best ever gathered anywhere, but this is never "teiess a fact. Bemidji citizens should crowd the armory tomorrow for the purpose of seeing this display, if for no other. An exhibit of the state mineral re sources is made by State Auditor J. -A. O. Preus thru the Mineral Lands -Department. Diagrams, maps and photographs cover wall space in the armory to the extent of 2,500 square feet. Sam jples of ore materials and rocks oc cupy tables, 50 feet along the wall. The geology of the iron ore ranges is shown by maps, charts and cross sections and by a series of rocks showing the nature of the formation in which the iron is found. 41 state* owned mines are illust rated by photographs of open pits And head frames of underground .mines. There are large labels giv ing the production in tons and direct .profits to the state as royalties paid. This shows that the total production .has been over 25,000,000 tons and I' -that iue permanent school fund has Received *6,&00,OQO as royalties. The ores shown are principally low grade ore materials, which can be $eaeficiated sou made into,m#rehan*- able ore. The iron ores now mined are nat ural concentration or iron ore from the rock formations. The exhibit shows that the high grade ore of the Mesaba range will last at the present rate of consumption about 40 years. By the methods of concentration shown titey will last 1,200 years. Exhibits are made of the magnetic concentrates of the eastern Mesaba ores from the plant at BaoDit where .the Mesaba Iron company are bund ling a plant to treat these ores on a scale never attempted before. A method of concentration of lean ores, depending on the use of peat, (Continued on Pace Ten) BOXING CONTEST AT FAIR GROUNDSTONIGHT The boxing and wrestling contests which are scheduled for this evening .at 7 o'clock at the fair grounds, prom See to be a big drawing card for both the townspeople and visitors. Jack Young, of Crosby, arrived in the city this morning and will meet Prank Mantell, middleweight cham jpion of Canada, in a six-round ibout. The main wrestling match will .be between L. C. Curtis, of this city and Charles Jordnoff. "Chub" Frost is pitted against Pete Brosivick as a preliminary boxing match and C. Curtis will take on Frank Smith in a catch-as-catch-can wrestling match. The proceeds are for the benefit of the National Guard and the match is "being conducted under the auspices oof the American Legion. HARDING ACCEPTS WILSON CHALLENGE (By United Press) Washington, June 18. (Raymond Clapper).The republican party will gladly accept the challenge of presi dent Wilson for a referendum of the league of Nations, senator Harding, xepuoiican presidential nominee, saiflj today. When asked regarding the' president's interview, Harding said M. am sure the republican'party -will gladly welcome a referendum on the question of foreign relationship. This republic and the republican at titudejo preserve nationality will 'be -overwhelmingly endorsed." Hanflng breakfasted with Herbert ffJoover. Hoover later caned upon all republican factions to support Harding and the Coolidge ticket. PAVEMENT DANCE TONIGHT AT 9:30 The out door pavement dance will be held tonight at the cor ner of Beltrami avenue and Fourth street at 9:30 o'clock. All delegates to the N. M. D. A. convention, visitors and citi sens are cordially invited to participate. In nortt $. Minnesota on the Me saba, Vern%Vn and Cuyuna ranges, in St. Louisv "^isca and Crow Wing counties, twa hundred and fifty thousand peopy. ijne hundred thous and of whom lfejn Duluth and the others in twenty plages and cities ranging from &ve.*vjndred to fifteen thousand populatit COMPANY COMPLETES LAST DAY OF DRILLING ATSUMMER ENCAMPMENT Breaking of Camp Woolnough Completes Two Weeks Train ing Period at Fair Grounds Carrying out the regular drill schedule today, company complet ed the last day of drilling at the sum mer encampment at Camp Woolnough this afternoon. Tomorrow morning breaking of camp will begin and as soon as all work has been completed the company will be dismissed. With out a doubt all members of the com pany will be able to return to their homes in the afternoon. Friday afternoon all men not on detailed duty were given their first opportunity to take part in a short march of about tour miles northwest of the fairgrounds. After resting for a few minutes the company returned to camp and then took part in a short snappy drill which tended to take out the kinks which resulted from the h*ie. First Sergeant Scherman of the Sixth regiment encamped at St. Paul lett for Bemidji last night and will arrive this afternoon, having ibeen de tailed to take back the payrolls ot company K. In this case the memb ers of the company will probably be paid tor the encampment on the next regular drill night. Considerable interest is being shown toward the boxing and wrest ling exhibition which is to be held at the camp tonight, and it is ex pected that every member of the com pany will be present. Arrange ments have been made to care for an exceptionally large crowd and it is urged that all friends of the company and all athletic enthusiasts be hand. SPEECH BY CARL H. SHUSTER OF BIWABIK DELIVERED AT LEAGUE OF MUNICIPALITIES CONVENTION. BEMIDJI. JUNE 16. 1920 K. anxiously, but hopefully, await ths future decision of the next state lature in its deliberations on the and death struggle of the iron oia industry in Minnesota which industry has, in itn portance, only the agricultural su perior to it. In a county, the size of a New England state, stretching a distance of seventy five miles east and west and lying seventy miles north of Du luth, where the winters are cold and the summer nights delightfully cool for the tired miner, the MesaDa range has locked in its bosom a medium high grade, soft iron ore which may be mined by open-pit or underground development. Much smaller and twen ty miles north lies the Vermillion range with its high grade, hard ore. Recently discovered, the Cuyuna range, in Crow Wing county, seventy miles west of Duluth, with its low grade ore, shows the possible future to this industry if encouraged and not hampered. Assuring the Minne sota iron ore industry a life of over 1,000 years, if encouraged, the very recently discovered magnetic process for separating the iron ore from its low-grade condition of the eastern end of the Messabe range, will bring this state more aditional fame and wealth than can be dreamed of. on STATE MASONIC HOME OPENS JULY 3,19 20 Minneapolis, June 18.The "open ing" of "Minnesota Masonic Home" will occur on Saturday afternoon, July 3, 1920, at three o'clock. The ceremonies will 'be brief. Hon. Gid eon S. Ives of St. Paul, the president of the corporation, will preside, an historical sketch will he presented by Hon. T. W. Hugo of Duluth. and two short addresses by Hon. Edmund A Montgomery of Minneapolis, Grand Master of Masons of Minneso, ta, and by Mrs. Harriet M. Hoover of Duluth, worthy grand matron of the Grand Chapter of the Eastern Star, and then the home will be de clared formally ready to receive resi dents under the rules and regula tions. The home is situated on the Minne sota river, in Hennepin county, and consists of two hundred and seventy one acres of the river bluffs and cul tivated lands. GOMPERS RE-ELECTED PRESIDENT A F. OF (By United Press) Montreal, June 18.Samuel Gomp ers was re-elected president of the American Federation of Labor this afternoon, almost unanimously. Only one rote was cast against him. Although the Minnesota Tax com mission was especially created to as sist this industry to figure its just tax revenue and although iron ore is taxed a higher rate than any other' Kind of real or personal property, the proponents of a tonnage tax bill, which is a bill to single out iron ore from all other forms of property and to levy upon it, in addition to the ad valorem tax levied upon all property, a special or super tax based upon tonnage production, advocate its adoption at the next legislature ses sion for the following reasons: 1. Because they believe in the wisdom of and the right to such a tax. 2. Because they believe iron ore does not pay enough of the taxes. 3. Because they believe that iron ore is a heritage and thus belongs to the whole state and as such should be taxed before it is tent east, down the Great Lakes, to the furnaces. 4. Because they reason that to take away ore diminishes in value the land from which it comes. 5. Because the primary purposes of tonnage tax was to compel the manufacture of iron and steel in the state. At least live important questions are thus raised which the opponents challenge as follows: 1. There is no right to such a tax because in the last thirteen years the representatives of the people in legislative assemblage, have with two exceptions, refused to adopt such an unfair' tax. The two exceptions resulted in vetoes by former Gover (Continued on Page 10.) SPECIAL GRAND JURY TO EXAMINE PORTER ON MURDER CHARGE Judge Stanton Orders Hearing for June 22 at Bag ley, Minn. Jesse Porter, an Indian, who was brought to Bemidji recently on. charges oi-having murdered his fatti er, Scott Porter, in their home near Ebro, will be examined by a special grand jury at Bagley, June 22, an order to that effect being made this week by Judge C. W. Stanton of this city. Porter is accused of shooting his father with a shotgun and then slashing the body with his knife, and it is said that he claimed to have a grievance against his father. As the killing did not take place on the In dian reservation, the case will go through the state court. Porter at present is lodged in the Beltrami county jail, which is also used by Clearwater county,' where the crime was committed. GOMPERS CALLS SECRET MEETING OF COUNCIL Montreal, June 18 (Ralph Couch) President Gompers at noon today called a secret meeting of the exec utive council of the Federation of Labor. Gompers, it was reported, planned to lay before the meeting the question as to whether he should run for re-election The members were understood to be unanimous for him. BEMIDJ I DAILY PIONEER Til* PioBMr a Member of the United PressLeased Wire Service Today's World News Today BEMIDJI, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 18, 1920 WILSON IN INTERVIEW WITH NEW YORKWORLD Says Republican Candidates Harmonize Admirably With Platform RESTORATION OF HEALTH WILL BE COMPLETE, SAID Correspondent Says He Is Most Beloved|and Hated Man in Nation (By United Press) By courtesy of New York World, June 18.Extracts from an inter view with President Wilson obtained by Louis Siebold at the White House, are herewith presented, copyright 1920, by the Press Publishing Co., New York World. Nine, months of courageous bat tling to repair the consequences of illness resulting from the profligacy with which all earnest men drew upon their balance in the bank of na ture, has neither'daunted the spirit nor impaired in the slightest degree the splendid intellect of Woodrow Wilson. The. president has paid in flesh, there is, no doubt about that, but with sublime courage he fought while he lay almost physically help less. Now that bis complete restoration to health seems assured, he fights with determined purpose to bring America into what he considers it's sense of duty to the rest of the world with the fullest realization of his own duty to America. Mr. Wilson's vision and courage through these nine months of illness have but serv ed to make him the more determinel that justice and right, as he ap praises them, shl prevail through out the world -0 every -force or In fluence at Kt*^ Command can accomp lish it. These are the^outstanding impres sions that I brought back from a three hour visit on Tuesday last to the best loved and most hated man in the world, also a half hour's visit on Wednesday. Regarding the nominees for presi dent, he declined to make any com ment beyond expressing the belief that the gentlemen selected for pre sident and vice-president at Chicago admirably harmonize- with the plat form. JUYMOND BARN STRUCK BY LIGHTNING: DESTROYED Lightning struck the barn on the I. E. Raymond farm five miles east of Bemidji Monday and totally destroy ed the building and contents. Mr Raymond is seventy-eight years old and has successfully operated his farm single handed The loss sus tained is a severe shock to him and friends are soliciting funds in his be half. Contributions are being received jy Roe and Ed. Akre and those who are in a position to give may be assured that the cause is a most worthy one N. D. A. PROGRAM SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1920 AT ARMORY Foreaooa 9:00 Address"The Importance of Organization of the Farm ers to Prevent and Control Forest Fires," Hon. E. A. Colquohoun. Address'Tarm Management," Dr. John D. Black. SoloMiss Ida Virginia Brown. Address"The Mineral Resources of Minnesota," Hon. Frank A. Wildes. Address"Methods of Improving Iron Ore," Hon. D. E. Woodbridge. Address"The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway Pro- ject," U. S.' Senator Charles E. Townsend. Noon Community Picnic Dinner. Juvenile Band Concert At Diamond Point. 2 P. M. Address"Our Country, the Land of Opportunity and Fair Chance," Hon. Constant Larson. 4P.M. Baseball Game at Ball ParkMcintosh v. Bemidji. A real baseball game. Evening 3 vB'jEWM Band Concert by Juvenile Band. Pavement Dance and Entertainment by Bemidji Civic and Commerce Association. WiMkhoi forecast, 24 hrs. Markham: Generally fair cool with winds. N.M.D. A.MEETING OPENSWITHRECORD ATTENDANCE BIG FEATURESATTRACT Exhibits of Fish, Eggs, Ore, Peat and Mineral Are Wonderful Community Picnic, Pave ment Dance Tonight and Tomorrow _______ "p SPEAKERS OF NATIONAL REPUTE ADVANCE EDUCATIONAL IDEAS Bemidji Citizens Urged to Extend Hospitality to Visitors One Thousand Pounds of ,-tffc Pike Ready for Hungry Guests The summer meeting of the Nor- glass may be viewed by spectators. them Minnesota Development asso ciation was launched in this city this morning with a delegation which bids fair to exceed in numbers any previ ous meeting ever held by this asso ciation. Under the direction of President E. E. McDonald, the "stage settings" were completed last evening and early this morning and everything placed in readiness for the welcome of the delegates and visitors. The program of the day was opened by the Bemidji Juvenile band, which gave a concert on the downtown streets and later went to the Armory where a short program was given previous to the opening of the regular session of the association. The meeting was called to order by President E. E. McDonald of this city and the invocation was pro nounced by Rev. Lester P. Warford, pastor of the Presbyterian church. This was followed by the address of welcome which was delivered by Mayor L. F. Johnson and response by E. E. McDonald, president of the association. Other interesting addresses of the morning program were the talks of John Dwan of Two Harbors, his sub ject being "A Review and an Outline for the Future," and "The Iron In dustry From the Standpoint of the Miner," by E. E. Hunner. Interesting features of the conven tion are the exhibits that are being shown to demonstrate the great nat ural resources of the state of Minne sota. Of no small interest is the fish exhibit which is being conducted urn der the personal supervision of Carlos Avery, state game and fish commis sioner. This exhibit was gathered locally by local men, who donated several days of their time in securing the various species of fish that are on display. Carlos Avery, state game and fish commissioner, spoke on "The Value of Game and Fish to Northern Min nesota From a Commercial Stand point." Mr. Avery has a host of fig ures to show the value of fish in reducing the high cost of living and he explained that in Minnesota there are some 119 species of fish at the present time, but that a federal sur vey would undoubtedly develop many more species. He also stated that the commercial fisheries of the state produce 35,000,000 pounds of fish a year and that this production may be materially increased through propa gation methods. Another feature that is of interest is the fact that during the past year more than 20,000 anglers were attracted to the state on account of the large amount of game fish to be found here and that this number is increasing every year. Minnesota is the only state in the union where state owned fisheries are being operated at the present time and these are located at Red Lake, where a large amount of the fish consumed at the state institutions are caught. The Red Lake fisheries have been in operation three years and dur ing that time they have produced 1,250,000 pounds of fish, valued at about $100,000. During the month of May this year the Red Lake fish eries produced 132,000 pounds of fish. The propagating program of the Minnesota state game and fish com mission is a large one and each year 800,000,000 fish fry are placed in lakes through the state Jto replace the fish that have been tsBen by ftsh ermen. New hatcheries are being built and the facilities of the state for properly handling the propagation of fish are being increased every year. Another exhibit of unusual inter est, which is being shown for the first time in the history of Minnesota, is a showing of game bird"eggs by Dr. Elmer Langevin of Crookston. This unusual exhibit has complete set tings of 300 varieties of birds and represents practically all the wild bird life of Minnesota. Water foul, game birds and birds of prey make up this exhibit which is attractively arranged along the south wall of the Armory, and the eases which are covered with av Each species of eggs are labelled and the entire exhibit is of a most inter esting character. Iron mining, one of the greatest exhibits of Minnesota, is explained in every detail in a large attractive exhibit which is under supervision of experts. Pictures showing the various mines throughout the north eastern part of the state and large posters showing the magnitude of the state owned mines are feautres of this exhibit. Samples of the many varieties of Minnesota ore are shown and a picture of the great plant of the United States Steel corporation at Duluth is shown. Iron mining in Minnesota is shown from its primi tive stages to the present day when it constitutes one of the greatest in dustries of the entire United States. The methods of mining both high and low grade ore are shown. A. P. Silliman of Hibbing, in speaking of the iron industry of Minnesota, says that few realize the magnitude of the mining industry in" Minnesota, but that the assessed valuation,, of this great industry is really one-sixth the assessed valuation of the entire state, this being based on one and one-half billions of tons of iron ore. Mr. Silliman says that it is believed there are more than one hundred billion tons" of ore in Minnesota, the great bulk of this being on state property, and that if properly conducted the mining industry will last in Minne sota for hundreds of years. OF M. CONVENTION CLOSES SUCCESSFUL SESSION IN BEMIDJI Officers Elected and Wino na Chosen as Meeting Place (or 1921 The League of Municipalities con vention closed a successful two-day session at Birchmont Beach Thurs day, with an attendance of nearly two hundred The program provided and enter tainment given was pronounced the best in the history of the organisa tion. The windup of the session was held at Itasca Park, where a picnic supper was given the visitors They were taken to the park in automo biles from Birchmont Thursday after noon Officers elected late yesterday aft ernoon at the League of Municipali ties convention here were: Presi dent, Charles Hall, Red Wing vice-president, John Dwan, Two Har bors executive secretary, E. L. Ben nett, Minneapolis secretary-treasur er, R. P. Price, St. Paul trustees,. J. E. Samuelson, Duluth O. H. Ihle, Thief River Falls, O. H. Schuster, Bi wabik. Winona was chosen as the convention city for the 1921 meet ing. M. J. BROWN IN CITY ON LEGAL BUSINESS M. J. Brown, assistant attorney general, arrived in Bemidji this morn ing from St. Paul and will spend a few days here. PICNIC DINNER SATURDAY NOOK AT DIAMOND POINT Bring your basket and Join the Community Picnic dinner party at Diamond Point tomor rom noon. The Juvenile band will play while you eat. All citizens are urged to come with their fam ilies. Show the N. M. D. A. delegates and the other visitors within our gates the hospital ity to which they are entitled. Join them at the picnic and make them feel at home.