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1 $ i -I fpUrger Credit Than Ever Will feBe Needed to Move Crops ^Sri-\ TbU Season 4'f COMMODITY PRICES Not as Active tail Trade '-it i as a Year Ago 'b Get ting Nearer Normal According to a financial review of K'.-,m of the largest banks of eastern United States, credit conditions are i^ improving Very quickly in the l$pinks of the country. Large credits late being arranged for the moving financing of crops and moving .,__ them to markets. The report is oj*e that reflects not only the condi J%pns in the eastern markets, but ap- iflfeUes equally well to this section of ifetle middle west. M* The cro moving season, during _. ich the country's credit require ments reach their maximum intensity, now close at hand. Because of G*me difficulties of transportation, it $Vnlay be expected that the volume of ^v credit needed this year to finance **fcrop marketing will be larger than 3&hwual. While the traffic movement Wat agricultural staples in the fall. *.-laie crops, to an unusual extent, may .have to be held this year. Recent experience has demonstrated fully 5 the effect of any interference with ^bMerly commodity shipments in lying up an enormous amount of ^credit. ?This prospect enhances the impor '/lince of the credit situation which, durihg the current period of June 16 to July 15, has experienced no -relief from the tension' of the past -several months. Since last-Novem- (Continued on Page 8*) ft I fEALTHY ALLEGED DRAFT EVADER PLACED IN JAIL i i i I O (By United Press) I St. Paul, July 28.Grover C. Clem ming, wealthy alleged draft evader was- captured bv federal agents In a big-was'placecar5near louring MartUsGn, S D. -J in GOVERNOR BURNOUIST PAID HIGH TRIBUTE J-i'wVfTO ac HOW SLIGHT DECLINES ^S^^S&TWaSK/W the northern .Province of the lc#^of"-tf~4ft*inM**rlrW ber,'the federal reserve institutions Amendment No. 1, a party of 55 auto- ,and member banks have been seeking mobiles has been touring the state for to curtail- non-essential borrowing, to, the past week. Gathering from vari- limit loans to necessary requirements jail here-toda after year's search. He was arrested if^iriVtbe north woods early4n,e ^sst^freeion flioOO bail.: Minneapolis residents. I *\'x 1918 an Iefthed Testate. His parents are millionaire iim EilLROAD WOBKERS GO ON, A STIKE te.% i'lKBy,United Press)'*" _ublfn, Jiiiy 28.Twelve' thouS nd railroad workers, struck and re fn$ed to^carry droops and especially around Bemidji, a He"meeting of the board of directort of that organization held on Tuesday, it was decided to secure as much in formation as possible concerning the condition of the roads. "C^rds will b% prepared and taken to the various garages and hotels where tourfsts will stop^,and,on these %,car-d- the travelled will be_ requested -to state the condition ~pffthe roads .tliey encountered, white entering the city and make any complaint they de sire to express. Signs will ,ibe erect ed ouf posts at the junctions- of roads Reading to Bemidji and on these prop information will be,placed to di avellers to this city, cards showing the reports of condition on the roads near here ^tll be collected from time to time and the information will be compiled "by ?.the secretary of the association and forwarded to the Minnesota state Automobile association. Every effort will be made by look1 after the needthefassociation those visitino this ,c4ty and immediate attention will be given to all complaints. SALVATION ARMY Recent Communication Com-' mends Activities of the Splendid Organisation Whor Buraquist pays just tri- y* thenSalvation Army done dr nu The good \f?J andre the Salvation'the Army, has been mentioned. 'Reports from the field indicate thatv tforty-three county advisory boards hate oeen organized. They are composed, of the mpst representa tive %nd,influential citizens in each county, who will work in conjunction with the army in Ms efforts- to place the program. on a permanent basis. Investigations are being conducted in all of the communities with regara to local'conditions including poverty and other social distress. Through the Home Service Pro gram the Army will render the neces sary service in each case called to its attention according to the facil ities at hand. "tye are nfore than pleased with the manner in which Minnesota citi zens are co-operating with us," said Colonel Stephen Marshall command- GOOD ROADS BOOS TS ONTOUR OF NORTHWEST MAKE VISIT AT BEM1DJI ~T John H. Hohmann, President State Automobile Associa- tion, Is in Party a JJ CONDITION OF ROADS WIL BE REGISTERED ^Presi^ent E, A. Barker ot*^h.e Be midji Civic and- Commerce associa tion has announcel that, for the con venience of tourists and travelers by afiiomobile in this sectionBemidjistate ha Boosting for good roads and ou points in the southern part of the state, the boosters assembled at the Twin Cities and from there made the trip to Duluth and Two Harbors, visit ing towns and cities en route. Sev eral 'different routes were followed, and along each talks were made boost ing for the passage of the Babcock plan for a good roads system in Min nesota.' At Two Harbors the party divided into several groups and one of these, consisting of five cars arrived in Bemidjrlast evening to- spend a short time here. Good roads as well as bad' have been encountered in all sectio?is road iof the ^tate and among the classed among the poor is iro distric HlfCEDEFKTT WILL BE PAID its *b i a commujnioatio ceiyi the Provincial Headquart ers o\ \rmy in Minneapolis. In comme/ tg on the work he said: "I haV fr highest regard for the Salvatfonv & and do not hesitate to bespeak. the of every one?\ t^elflshcooperation work it has vhis splendid, or ganization is stamps it as of inestimable valuv Vhe progress and development of ail people." LUnstinted praise of the Salyation Army by. Governor Burnquist both for its, past service in the larger cities and its proposed extension of activ ities Jn, every coutfty in the state through the application of its Home Service Program for 1920 reflects, In a measure, the attitude of cititens wherever thke Casss Lake-Bemidji road All spea very highly of the" roads through the an sa fnineteen iit efavoh A t%& \tAr3p*\jii theyjare- bout the best they have seen any i where., x\ J6hn. H. Hohmann of Mankato, i president of th*e Minnesota IState .automobile association, and. his fam ily "are *ift "the" par^y. Anqthercar -has, its home garage at Waseca,- The party visiting here today is composed of persons, and, all are .en- oying onei of, ,tihe b^sjt trips,' ever undertaken. Members of the party have ex pressed the opinion that much more publicity must be given Amendment No. 1 if the good roads system in this state is to be ah actuality. In a B1)MMS around at ^-~..j. of the numb^of the places which the pafrty littlev ig of the plan and so- no reason for votingi fors it until the proposition was explained to them thoroughly. Some of the boosters planned to leave this afternoon for Park Rapids, stopping off at Itasca State park for a fetf hours. The,remainder of the party plans to leave soon and will follow, the preceding cars as far as Park Rapids. At that point the'party will be split up, some going to De troit and others continuing on south. resdent knew very HAIL STORM WIPES OUT FARMERS AT DRAYTON Drayton, N. D., July 27.A heavy hail storm near here completely hail ed out a number of farmers west of here about 5:30 o'clock Monday after noon. The storm cut a path about four miles wide. In addition to a number of fanners who had crops entirely destroyed, much age was- done to others. m- i^&^&fi/ te ~?*k. 4'V 1 TORAILROADS Under Agreement With Rail* roads There Will Be at Least' 4 400 Million Due MORE THAN TWICE PREVIOUS DEFICITS Sum May Be More Than 500 Million Dollar MAN SENDS POISONED CANDY TOWIFE KILLS INMATEOF ASYLUM Director. Parmalee Estimates and his party "have for the past (By United Press) Washington, July 28. (By Ralph Couch).The government under its, agreement with the railroads will soon be called upon to pay them at least four hundred million dollars to meet deficits Incurred during, March, April, May June, July and August, director "Parmalee of the Bureau of Railway Economics estimated today. Parmalee characterized this estimate as conservative. It probably will reach five hundred million dollars he said. This is nearly twice as bigJ. as the largestvdeficit incurred in any twelve months of government opera tions. 'WasfivUlej, Wnjnft July 28.--George Littranl, 2Modtty confessed that he and his young sweetheart sent poison ed candy to an insane asylum for his wife, hoping to kill her so that they might be married. TJie plot result ed in the death of Mrs. I^izeie Brooks, inmate, and the illnes of two aitend ante- Mrs. Littrual refused to eat the candy. WINONA LEGIONAIRES AFTER 1921 CONVENTION Winona, Minn., July 28.Members of the local post of the American Legion have begun a campaign to win the 1921 convention of the Min nesota department. The campaign will come to its climax at the state convention, in Duluth, August 16, 17 an,d 18. The Leon J. Wetzel post will be represented by Commander C. A. Lester and Alphonse Goergen, of the executive committee of the post. An nouncement of the Winona campaign has been spread throughout the state. It is understood that several other posts are after the meeting but local Legionaires believe that Winona will be supported by delegates from posts in southern countiesJ "o-Y1 .^r^. INTERESTING TALKS ON VARIED SUBJECTS HEARD AT NOON LUNCH Good Roads Booster?, Evangel- ists. Dairy Expert and Red Workers Present Goocf roads ,religion, good cows, and protective recreation were the 5,1 subjects of interesting talks heard .jqr *t the meeting of the Bemidji Civic "and Commerce association held this noon following the luncheon. John H. Hohmann of Mahkato, president of the Minnesota State Au tomobile association, who with a party of road| boosters is visiting Bemidji today, was the speaker on good roads. He pointed out clearly what must be done before the fall election in order to insuife the passage of Amendment No. 1 for a system of good roads in 'Minnesota under the Babcock plan. U. S. ARMY PLANES ON NOME TRIP REACH CITY OFEDMONTON, ALBERTA Edmonton, Alberta, July 27.6n their second day's flight across Can ada, on a trip from Mineola, New York to Nome, Alaska, four United States army aviators who left Saska toon, Sask., this morning arrived here at 2:13 p. m. DEflOTS REPORTED few days been touring the state and have visited at numerous'points on the wai At several cities he has talked, j&od roads and has found that jfr places where the plan.is thoroughly Understood by the voters endorse ment islfavored. He afeo remarked favorably con cerning his first impression of North ern Manpesota and the reception he awarded by tfie interstate commerce has received at the cities where he has visited. Speaking in behalf of the party, all of whom were guests t the luncheon today, he extended -his thanks to the Association f6r the opportunity to be present at a meet ing of such a live-wire organization. Concluding his talk, he introduced E. Kelly of Waseca, one of his party who today is receiving many returns of his birth anniversary. His friends took this opportunity to sur prise him with a number of gifts, and then Mr. Kelly responded with a short talk :n v.hldi he expressed his ap preciation of the welcome he has re ceived in this part of the state. Religion was then discussed by Evangelist Weigle, who ha3 been con ducting,,religious -services? in* the-city for the past few weeks. He explained i,he object? of the services such as evangelists are conducting and point ed out that the ultimate purpose is to. build character. With this in view, he firmly believes that the people in this vicinity should realize that his work and, the work of similar evange lists and ministers of the gospel is a great asset to the building up of the community in general. Ensign Knudson of the Salvation Army, who has recently been trans ferred to the Bemidji territory as a successor to Captain Orchard, gave a very interesting talk, pointing out the necessity of close co-operation by (Continued on Page 8) BY LARGE RAILROADS April Operating Deficit Was Over Twenty-Five MU- lion, Says Report *.i if- I Washington, July 24.The larger, or class one, raltroadsnoday' report ed to the interstate commerce com mission a deficit of 126,881,485 in railway operating income for April. The government's guarantee to the railroad, which runs until September 1 amounts to approximately 976,- 000,000 a month, and the April defi cit makes a loss of more than $100,- 000,000' to the government for the month. Western and eastern roads report ed deficits, the former showing |20,- 848,079 for the month and the lat ter $6,508,040. Southern carriers reported a pro fit of $1,474,634. Operating revenues for the railroads as a whole increas ed in April over the operating reve nues for the corresponding month in 1919 from $389,487,271 to $401,- 604,695, and expenses from $344,- 770,607 to $404,480,142. 'For the four months ending with April rail way operating income amounted to $52,556,840, which includes approxi mately $50,000,000 of back railway mail pay earned before 1920 but not commission until January. As a re suit railway operating income for the first four,months this year amounted to only a little over $2,500,000. The deficit for the first four months in the eastern district amounted to $35,728,967. The opleft eratic? income for the southern roads for the period totalled $2S,710,366 and for the western carriers $68,- 676,441. MINERS, OPERATORS AND UNION OFFICIALS-TRY TO ARRIVE AT TERMS A? Conference of Operators, Called by Lewis and Brewster Today By United Press) Chicago, July 28.Federal investi gation of unauthorized strikes of coal miners In Illinois, Indiana and Kan sas was under way today as mine of ficials, union men and operators be gran maneuvering for a peaceful set tlement, Independent of 'government action. Thomas Brewster of the op erators committee of the central com petitive field, in response to a tele Miners president, today called a con gram from John Lewis, International ference of operators to determine whether to accept the place for the joint conference with the miners. QUAKE SHAKES RIVERSIDE AND SAN BERNARDINO. AL. (iBy United Press) Riverside, Cal., July 28.RJ,veto side was shaken by an earth quake shortly before 8 o'clock. No damage. has been reported. The quake was also felt at San Bernardino. ':iNEW YACHTS ICBEMT. 1E2 CONTEST Sir Thomas Will Leave Shan*N rock IV Behind Will Build New Shamrock, 1922 AMERICAN DEFENDER WILL BE DISMANTLED Designs for the Next Not Decided Until Rules are' Discussed! S (By United Press) New York, July 28.Witft Amer ica's cup saved to the New York Yacht club for at least another year, the Resolute, which yesterday crossed the finish line thirteen mfnutes an* five seconds ahead of the Shamrock had ended her career. The yachfe will now be taken to the yards an& dismantled. Nor wilt Lipton's greet* challenger race agatn. She will be* behind when her owner-retwrne to England to prepare his fifth chial lenger for 1924. He will build1 (By United Preps) Paris, July 28.The- Polish army facing the Bolshevik! is retreating along the entire front. Resistence is feeble at both ends of the line. VILLA SURRENDERS AND HAEGLIN IS RELEASED (By Uited Press) Eagle Pass, Texas, July 28.That Francisco Villa has surrendered un conditionally to the provisional Mex~ lean government is reported here. Carl Haemlin, American, who was im prisoned by Villa at Sabinas and held for ransom has been released re port said. SECRETARY OF LABOR WILSON RECALLED TO WASHINGTON (By United Press) Washington, July 28 Secretary of Labor Wilson has been recalled to Washington by President Wilson to take charge of the labor departments 6f work on the Illinois coal strike. AN TH0T TO BE LER0Y ARRESTED IN KANSAS Body of Woman Shipped Trunk Identified i} fff as Katherine Leroy (By United Press) Lawrence, Kansas, July 27.A man answering the description of Eugene Leroy, of Detroit, wanted in connection with the murder of a woman who has been positively iden tified as Mrs. Leroy, was arrested here today by Sheriff J. R. Woodward Ashley of Sadler, Ky., and said ho of Douglas county. The man gave the name of Dillard had an army discharge and identifi cation at Omaha. His hands were badly blistered, showing that he was not accustomed to farm labor The arrest was made on informa tion from Kansas City and the man is being held awaiting the arrival of. Kansas City officials. (By United Press) New York, July 28.Thp body of the woman found in a tinnx. here was positively identified Mrs. Leo Trumbull of Detroit today as Mrs. Katherine Leroy of that city. Her husband ,a policeman of Detroit, also identified the body as that of Mrs. Leroy. !*f. ft* an other Shamrock. The design for- the next defender will not go forward until suggested changes in rules and sailing conditions are thoroughly discussed. REGULAR WEEKLY DANCE AT BIRCHM0NT UttDAY On Fridge evening the regular i &Frchmbnr^ac^umnieVhoteir'riF ^^f Syncopators orchestra wtll furnish the music for the occasion. These, dances are becoming more and more popular each* week and Bemidji peo ple are especially invited to be pre sent. POLISH ARMY RETREATING AL0N0 ENTIRE HNS n 1 A3.