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ffi si*!**- ^m^ The Pioneer is tthe only daily within 100 miles of Bemidji and has the largest circulation in Northern Minnesota. VOLUME XIX. NO. 308 CYCLONETAKES OFFIFTY ,rr,ttjl Middle Western States SufiFer Heavily Hardest Hit Are Illinois and Indiana WINBS ADD TO Greatest Fury of "Storm Kelt When Hendrick (111.) Was Swept Qff the Map (By United Press*) Chicago, April 18Fifty killed and hundreds injured was the toll today of cyclones that swept the middle west. Indiana andi Illinois were hardest hit. Property loss will reach several hun dreds of dollars, according to reports coming in over badly crippled wires. High winds accompanied the cloud bursts throughout an "area extending from Nebraska to Ohio., Winds added to the havoc already caused by the overflow of dozens of rivers and streams in Indiana and Illinois. Inhab itants of scores of towns were left shelterless when their tents erected on high ground after their homes had been swept down the coure of the riv ers, wer$ blown away. Telephone and telegraph wires were hurled together in a hopeless tangle. Thousands of heads of livestock were destroyed. Farm building, homes and railroad stations were carried away in the path of the tornado. The series of twisters originated in Northeastern Arkansas. Several miles of farm lands were swept and! the wind lifted. All was calm when the tornado hit Irvin ton and Centralia, Illinois mining towns. At Irvington seven, men were hurled to ceath. every building but a Baptist orphanage was destroyed. The Illinois Central station was carried awav in the storm. The greatest fury of the storm was felt when Hendricks. 111., was swept off the map. Eiehtj persons were kill ed. Plainview, Illinois was literally picked up and blown away. Twenty square miles was devestated when the hurricane hit. Missouri and Iowa were pelted with hail, causing great dam age "to -property- and lives. HUNGARIAN ARMY OFFICER MARRIES WRONG SISTER (By United Press) Geneva, April 18.Capta:n Franz Oserheim, a Hungarian army officer, is trying to divorce his wife, who im personated her sister at the altar. Captain Oserheim was to marry the second of three sisters named Brun ner, at Bregenz, Lake Constance. The eldest sister, howver, loved him, and determined to marry him. On the wedding day she doped her sister, and heavily veiled, went through the marriage ceremony with the Captain. When they returned to the hotel,' she confessed the deception and de clared her love for the Captain who left alone for Hungary. Both are Catholics, and Captain Oserheim will have difficulty in obtaining a divorce. CHARGED WITH ROBBERY OF JEWELRY STORE IN ST. PAUL St. Paul, April 18."Gloomy Gus" Shaffer and Jack Harris began their trial here today for the robbery of the Shapira jewelry store, Novem ber 3. Two men, with three others, are charged with having stolen more than $40,000 worth of jewels. They pleaded not guilty at their prelimin ary hearing. LOYAL ORDER OF MOOSE TO INITIATE CLASS TONIGHT There will be a meeting of the Loyal Order of Moose tonight at 8 o'clock at the Moose hall. There will be initiation. All members are urged to be present. LIGHT AND POWER LINE TO BE EXTENDED SOON The Minnesota Electric L:ght and Power company, through it local manager, Elmer E. Swaftson, an nounces another surprise by way of service extension. The company de cided some time ago-to extend serv ice to cottages at 'Birohmont and to day the announcement comes that the line will be- extended heyond Birchmont and nearly out 'to the.Be midji Country Gltfb 'golf links. ..i This will meantight and electrical fuel for all cottages mt the head of the lake, includ"ng those at Sandy Hook. The extension work will begin about May 1st. Poles and line ma terial have been shipped and will be -*H)n the ground soon. The surcharge rate, to which there has been some objection, has been taken off and in place of this a mini mum charge will be made. A suit able cooking rate will also be made to outside-of-the-city users. Ottawa, Ontario.The value of all the zinc production in Canada in 1020 is given in official returns at $3,000 000 for about 20,000 tons. -^r ~A*iSi/ -L_-^^ ^^ftawwwwr Am (BOYS AND GIRLS'aUB WORK WELLUNDER WAY 'SJV Much Interest Is Already Be ing Shown in y&jgiu Pro jects in Beltratni County .The Boys' and Girls' club work is. already under way in Beltrami coun- ty:' Dairy judging is attracting con siderable attention. A goodly num ber have enrolled* and more are com ing in. The applications for pigs to be distributed by the Northern Min nesota Fair through the Boys' and Girls' club department are coming in daily. Last year, twelve pigs were purchased and distributed to boys and girls in Beltrami county. Each member is to return two pigs to the Association this year, which will again be distributed. The bread baking contest for the girls has been started. The winners in the local contest will be selected some time before June 1st. The following club projects will be encouraged for the coming year: The Potato ContestEach contest ant must grow one-eighth of an acre of potatoes, keep a record, write a story and exhibit 32 potatoes at the local fair. Demonstration teams will be organized as well as potato clubs in the various communities. Dairy Calf ContestThe people who are feeding their calf the second year should records not later than May 1st. There (Continued on Page 8) HISS BEATRICE KIRK BECOMES APRIL BRIDE Miss Beatrice lone Kirk, daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. George Kirk, 1109 Lake boulevard, became the bride of Frederick E. Bieri of Min neapolis at 6 o'clock this morning at the home of the bride's parents, Rev. Lester P. Warford, pastor of the First Presbyterian church, perform ing the ceremony. The bride was attended by Miss Marie Bieri of Minneapolis, sister of the groom, and the groom was attended by Thomas Steele, also of Minneapolis, a close friend of Mr. BierL" Only the mem bers of the immediate family were in attendance. Miss Margaret Bieri of Moorhead, another sister of the groom, was included among the out of-town relatives present. Shortly after the wedding cere mony, a buffet lunch was served the guests, following which Mr. and Mrs. Bieri left by automobile for Minne apolis where they wilL spend-a few days be'fore continuing on to Lake field, where they wilh visit Mr. Bieri's mother, Mrs. Elsie Bieri, and bib sister, Mrs. L. W. Rue. They then expect to return to Minneapo-1 lis to visit relatives there, returning for a short visit here in about a month. Mrs. Bieri has made Bemidji her home for the past 18 years and has a host of friends and acquaintances who wish her and Mr. Bieri a very happy wedded life. She is a graduate of the Bemidji high school with the class of 1918. Mr. Bieri has been a frequent visitor in Bemidji during the past year and also has a large number of acquaintances here. The newly-weds expect to make their home in Minneapolis after an ex tended tour of the west this sum mer. MENNONTTES SETTLING IN HOMES IN MEXICO Fifty Complete Trains in Next Three Years to Carry Sect to Mexican Homes El Paso, Texas, April 18 (United Press).Mennonite colonists, numb ering 1,100 have arrived from their former home in Canada and have taken up the work of making homes on their land, across the border in Mexico, according to word brought .here. The sixth, train of colonists, the Jast to arrive until June, passed here recently. It carried 258 persons, with their household goods, farm imple ments, etc. These migrators are fast laying the foundation for a settlement on the 2,000,000 acres purchased from the Mexican government. The land is sit uated in the Northwestern part of Chi huahua, in the vicinity of Torreon. The religionists are building "solid ly" from the "bottom," according to visitors to- the settlement. They will have their own industries, business es tablishments, local government, scho ols, churches, etc. Their first buildings built adobe style, consists mainly of "community houses," sheltering fam ilies and clans. Each community is to have its "master" who will direct the activities of his "family" their educa tion $nd religious ceremonies. German ,the native tongue of the sect, will be used exclusively throught the dolony. .Forcing the attendance of the Men nonite children to Canadian schools, where ...German is excluded, is one of the reasons of the migratory move ment. The movement of the 14,000 Men nonites now in Canada, to join their coreligionists across the border from here, will begin in June, according to J. C. Hildebrad, in charge of the move ment, who was here recently, Fifty complete trains, leaving Cana da at intervals in the next three years will be required to bring the entire sect into the new settlement, J. F. Wiebe, agricultural agent of the Mexi co Northwest Railway, who is supervis ing the sects entrance to Mexico, said. RGURESSHOW INCOMETAXIS BEINGEVADED Nearly Twenty Million Persons Failed to File Returns on Incomes, Records Show MANUFACTURING GROUP USED AS AN EXAMPLE Writer Declares Entire Income Tax Law Must Be Revised to Remedy Situation Editor's NoteThis is the second of a series of arti cles dealing with the fed eral income tax situation. The third will appear tomor row. By Bruce Bliven New York, April 18In an arti begin tfor keep tale published in this paper yesterday ithe writer revealed the existence in the United States at the present time pf what is probably the most appal ing income tax iraud in all history. He quoted government statistics, and the deductions made from them by Jason Rogers, publisher of the New York Globe, to show that 15,- 000,000 to 20,000,000 wage earners in the United States broke the law by failing to make income tax returns in the year 1919, the latest for which we have any complete figures. And apparently the same situation prevail ed every other year since the federal tax law went into effect. These millions of tax dodgers, per haps aided in part by some of the 5,300,000 who did file income tax re turns, have concealed from the gov ernment more than $40,000,000,000 of our national income, which is prob (Continued on Page 8) FIRE DEPARTMENT HOLDS VERY ENJOYABLE DANCE One of the largest* crowds which has ever "attended an affair of sim ilar nature at the new armory, was present at the Easter Monday dance staged by tne Bemidji Volunteer Fire Department Monday evening and apparently all those present had a very enjoyable time. Music was furnished by the Jazzadores of Red Lake Falls and it proved to be quite satisfactory* The armory was taste fully decorated for the occasion, streamers adding much to the ap pearance of the hall. The orchestra was provided a specially constructed stage to one side of the hall, the Stage also being neatly decorated. The firemen wish to thank all those who assisted in making this event such a big success. The proceeds are to be used to help defray the ex penses of entertaining the state con vention of firemen here next year. The next big public dance of the season, which promises to be a real social event, is that planned by the Ralph Gracie post of the American Legion to be held on Monday eve ning May 1. The committee in charge assures something entirely out of the ordinary in the line of public dances and arrangements are being made to accommodate an ex ceptionally large attendance. L3J- BEMIDJ I DAIL PIONEE BEMIDJI, MINN., TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 18, 1922 BERTILLON SYSTEM TO BE USED AMONG CATTLE (By United Prej?s) St. Paul, April 18Minnesota is the first state to adopt! a bertillon system for identification of fine dairy cattle. The man who evolved the sys tem, which will save, purebred cattle men millions of dollars, is drawing a jneager salary. Identification is made positive by taking nose prints. William E. Peterson, superinten dent of the office for testing dairy cattle in Minnesota and assistant pro fessor of Dairy Husbandry at the Uni versity Farm school, woAed out the .system. He began experimenting af ter a conference with O.W.. Baker of New York, chief of the ftegistry of Merit of the American Jersey Cattle club. More than one thousand pure dairy cattle in the state have^een "print ed" and positively iddfitified with their records in the starafiles. "In the past some breeders practice fraud by submitting similar animals ,in the testing so a$ to make a big rec ord. This has been made impossible by the nose print system. The system is positive. No two of tha one thous and or more noses are anjfching alike. This system is as great?** the won derful system for criminal identifica tion carried on throughout, the coun- try," Peterson saidi MERCHANTS COMMITTEE SHOWS MUCH INTEREST Regular Meetings Held Twice Each Month and Topics of Interest Discussed With a representative attendance of the mercantile interests of the city present, the merchants trade commit tee of the.Civiq and Commerce asso- cjatiOn held its regular bi-monthly meeting at the association rooms Monday noon. After the special lun cheon E. A Barker, president of the committe, called the meeting to or der and set forth a number of things Which "the trade committee will oe called upon to deal with the coming year. He especially urged that all merchants make every effort to at tend the next meeting of the commit tee, which is to be held Monday noon, May 1st. Committees have been appointed to look into the merits of a number of different propositions, of special in terest to the merchants, and these committees are to report at the next meeting. The staging of the annual- dinner for the farmers of this community was discussed and final action rela tive to the date for this event was leit to be decided upon at the next session. This was the second meeting of the year's trade committee and every merchant present took a lively inter est in the discussions, and it is plan-' ne"d to make all of the meetings an open forum for the discussion of problems that are vital to the inter ests of the merchants in general. A time limit for these noon lunchon meetings has been set so that the merchants who attend will know just how much time he will need to give to the meeting and plan accordingly. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS! We want every subscriber to get The Da^ly Pioneer every evening without fail. Our news boys have pledged themselves to do perfect work. Subscribers will confer a fa vor upon all concerned by tele phoning 922 if The Pioneer is not delivered regularly. The newsboys will appreciate this co-operation as well as the management. Bemidji Pioneer Pub. Cd(. In Deep Water COUNCIL HOLMREGULAR BUSINESS MEET Resignation of City Engineer Bourgeois Is Accepted Effective April 23 REPORTS OF VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS HEARD Bids Requested on Sidewalks, Crossings and Curbs to Be Designated Later Routine business occupid most of the attention of the city council in regular session Monday evening, and little else was brought up for con sideration. The resignation of City Engineer E. J. Bourgeois was accept ed-to become effective not later than April 25, according to the letter of resignation. It has not been an nounced just what Mr* Bourgeois plans in the future, but it is under stood that he has been made a better offer elsewhere. The council ordered that an advertisement for bids for the office of City Engineer be pub lished and no further action will be taken until such time as the bids have been received. Reports of varioud departments were heard and among these was the report of the city water department for the first quarter of 1922, com pared with the same periods in 1921 and 1920. The mun'cipal court re ports for the weeks ending April 8 and April 15 showed a total of .$108 collected in fines and fees. The Bemidji Pioncr was designated as the official publication for- the council proceedings and all other legal notices required by the char ter, the bid of this company including the publication of such proceedings (Continued on Page 5) CHICAGO PACKERS PLAN BIG MERGER. IS REPORT (By United Press) Chicago, April 18.Packers here today planned a $500,000,000 mer ger, according to information in financial c.rcles. Three of the "Big Five" packers may join the combine, according to plans now being work ed out. They are Armour & Co., Wilson & Co.,'and the Cudahy Pack ing Co. Consummation of the plans would place J. Ogden Armour as chairman of the board of directors and Thom as Wilson as president. The' idea for the merger, it was reported, came from Armour who has no son to suc ceed him in the packing industry. GERMAN INVENTORS BUSY FLOOD BRITISH OFFICE London, April 18.The British patent office is inundated with Ger man patents. Of every hundred ap plications for patents, approximate ly twenty are made by Uermans, it was disclosed today. The latest ap plications include: wireless appara tus, liquid fuel, ships, rudders, vapor condensers, patent cigaret cases, paper carpets, dye stuffs, optical lenses, musical instruments, electric torches, meat cutters, patent peat cutters, suspenders. OHIO ELECTION TO GIVE VERDICT ON FAVORED SON Party Leaders Agree Coming Campaign Will Indicate Judgment on Harding (By United Press) Columbus, Ohio, April 18Ohio will be called on, in the coming con gressional campaign, to pass judg ment on its favored sonPresident Harding. Party leaders, picking Ohio for the political battleground, agree that the vote on congressman, senator and governor will determine the degree of popular approval in Ohio of the Harding administration. Further interest in the situation is caused by the possibility that former Governor James M. Cox, defeated by Harding for the presidency, will take the stump in Ohio and Massachusetts. Democrats hoping for a turn against the Republican sway in Ohio, are confident they will succeed in cutting materially the large plurality piled up in November, 1920, and car ry into office at least part of their congressional and state tickets. They declare that Marion, Presi dent Harding's home town, repu diated his administration in the elections last November, when a Democratic mayor replaced the Re publican incumbent. They also point to the large gains made throughout the state in electing Democratic mayors. The issues in Ohio will bo cloar-cut the four-power pact, soldier bonus, (Continued on fage 8j SCHROEDER DAIRY FARM UNDERGOES IMPROVEMENT The Alfalfa Dairy farm owned and operated by W. G. Schroeder, located about four miles West of Bemidj, has undergone a number of improvements in the past year which have cost con siderable money, with a view to im proving thet conditions of the large herd of pure bred cows which Mr. Schroeder has been adding to each ear. This farm has always been point ed to with pride as an example of dairy farming and has never been al lowed to get into a run-down condition On the contrary, any worthy im provement in tin? dairy business has been adopted. The 64 head of Hol stein cattle on this farm were recent ly tested by the city veterinarian and found to be in healthy condition, no reactions showing up in the tuber culosis test, all being free from that disease, and in a line to be classed as a credited herd when passed in the state test. Improvements costing $600 have been completed in the cow barn and an enlarged cooling room costing M00 in which the milk is kept, a now well driven to a depth of 60 feet for pure water for the stock, and one more delivery outfit makes tins model dairy in every way. Fred Webster and sno are em ployed to look after the herd and at tend to the proper milking, these men being considered experts in this line. Mr. Schroeder has also found it profitable to/ raise 20 head of thor oughbred Duroc hogs in connection with dairying. A heating plant to be used when necessary! is another im provement for the stock barn. TWO CHINESE MAY BE FIRST TO DIE BY GAS Nevada May Soon Test Out New Method of Carrying Out Death Penalty (By United Press) Carson City, Nevada, April 18 Making death of a condemned man "painless mentally as well as physi cally" is the underlying purpose of the Nevada law, making execution by means of lethal gas the legal mode of carrying out the death penalty in Nevada. That was the declaration of Assem blyman James Byers to the United Press in explaining what the frames of the measure had in mind when they caused its passage by the last session the Nevada legislature. The bill was fathered by Assemblyman Harry Bartlett of Elko, Nevada, with whom Byers collaborated "ft was the intention of the framers of the bill," Byers said, "that a single condemned cell' shou'd be constructed in a row of regular cells at the prison. "With this cell pipes carrying the lethal gas would be connected. The gas would be turned on by one of three valves, two of which would be 'blind' in order that none of the three executioners who know who actual ly turned the valve which meant death to the prisoner. "The prisoner under the death sen tence would be placed in the 'con demned cell, which' to all outward appearances would differ little from the othed cells. "He would not be informed defi nitely when he was to die. The gas would he turned on at an unexpect ed moment and with no witness watch ing him in his death throes Just when, if ever, the law w'Jl be carried out for the first time, remain ed uncertain. Hughie Sing and Gee Jan, Chinese tongmen convicted of murder are under sentence to death by lethal gas. Their case, however, has been appealed to the state u preme court which will be called upon to rule upon the constitutionality of the law which has been attacked on Uie ground^ that it embodies a cruel atu' unusual nu-ans of punishment. MINNESOTA HISTORICAL Minnesota il light rain or snow in and in Northeast Wednesday warmer tonight. Noi 55c PER MONTH KEENINTEREST SHOW IN ND. SENATEFKHT Independent Republicans Meet at Jamestown Tomorrow to Endorse Candidates McCUMBER IS CENTER OF CONVENTION FIGHT Federal Candidate Has Lead* ing Role on Political Stage Christianson "Best Bet" (By United Press) Bismarck, N. D., April 18For the first time in eight years a federal can didate is playing the leading part on he political stage in North Dakota. In tense interest centers in the senatorial race of the independent Republican convention at Jamestown tomorrow. Their candidates will oppose ex-Gover nor Lynn J. Fraser, non-partisan can didate, at the June primaries. Choice of the convention tomorrow will probably be between Porter J. Mc Cumber, present member A. J. Gron na, former senator defeated two years ago by E. F. Ladd P. D. Norton, for mer Congressman, and Jugge A. M. Christianson, of the state supreme court. Others mentioned as likely to draw considerable support from th independent voters association are J. D. Bacon, Grand Forks publisher, and Theo. G. Nelson, secretary manager of the independents. North Dakota voters will lineup at the June primaries on the issue of "for or against the league" in spite of the efforts of some of the candi date to point with pride) to the Hard ing administration. McCumber will be the centre of the fight at the convention. While he is not expected to muster enough strength to gain endoresment he may ,be strong enough to prevent the in dependent republicans from going on .record as favoring any candidate. An attempt which would be approved by state candidates who fear endorse ment will hurt their chances of suc cess at the June primaries. It is generally admitted that the in dependents will ontwiL the, James town convention. Heretofore the or ganization has not mixed in federal affairs but McCunmbers attitude dur ing the recall election last ^ear in which he refused to take a stand has thrown i the I. V. A actively into the fight against him| McCumber, however, will have his ,own following and the fact that the .remainder of the convention have not rallied around any one standard has weakened the Senator's opposition. Gronna, in the opinion of many re publicans, weakened himself when he appeared to make a bid for league support in his former announcement, his supporters in the league conven tion lost in a strenuous fight to gain endoresment of the nonpartisans. Judge Christiansen seems to be the best bet and it is believed by many that a formal announcement pf ,hjs andidacy would crystallize the major ity sentiment in his favor./ Although the Judge has refused to formally announce himself, that the fact that he has not quashed propaganda in be half of his nomination is taken to mean that he would accept the endor sement. _,_ It is probable that J. F. T. O'Con nor may be a democratic candidate* HARRY BRIDGEMAN FILES AS CANDIDATE FOR SENATE County Auditor A. D. Johnson an nounces that Harry Bridgeman of Fifth ward filed Monday as ft candi date for the senate from the Bel trami-Koochiching district. His til ing had been expected by a number of his friends and ccmes as no great surprise. Toronto, Ontario. According to the latest statistics there are 61,725 miles of roads in the province of On tario. TWO NEW SOUSAPHONES ADD TO JUVENILE BAND The Bemidji Juvenile band now possesses what very few organized bands have in the line of musical in struments, namely, two Sousaphones, bass horns of the latest and finest type manufactured. In announcing this purchase by the city -for the band, Director G. O. Riggs states that a remarkably low price was se cured in order to introduce these in struments into this section of the state. They were purchased from the Harry B. Jay Co. of Chicago and are valued at $320 each. These sil ver-plated instruments, the largest horns being manufactured, will add materially to the band, both from a musical standpoint and appearance. These horns are to be played by Bnrney Hakkerup and Alfred Gaines, bpth exper.enced membere of th band. Mr. Rfggs states that Very few musical organizations boast two such instruments, although there are a large number of bands which have one. The size of these instruments and their appearance has caused con iderable comment and added in jtoie-t in the organization. ...-&,,..