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The Pioneer is the only daily within 100 miles of Bemidji and has the 'largest circulation in Northern Minnesota. VOLUME XX, NO. 1 RITCHIEGIVES OUT POLICIES ASCANDIDATE Outlines His Stand in Regard to Number o Projects of Importance to Public MAY 10 LAST DAY FOR CANDIDATES TO TILE Senatorial Candidate Given Encouragement From Both City and Country May 10 is the last day for filinf for state or county offices, and the day approaches the "hats" on? one, are being cast into the ring for the searching scrutiny people. jj. Of course this is a free CQ V^tnd every man has the right for office, provided he is a c* of the community in which he The one outstanding upon the part of the citizens of feis county at first appeared to be that of proper ly distributing representation. Especi ally was this true of the senatorial and representative situations. In the case of A, P. Ritchie and W., T. Noonan, from the information available, it appears that the office did seek the man and not the man the office. For the past eight years Ko ochiching county supplied the senator. SThis year citizens from both counties ijpnceed that in fairness to the district as a whole, Beltrami county should be entitled to represent the district in the state senate1. Weeks passed by and no candidate announced himself for this office. The citizens of Northern Beltrami County urged that they be given the selection of the house member and conceeded to Southern Beltrami coun ty the right to name the senator. A. P. Ritchie was urged by many so-called factions to make the race. He consented to do so, provided both ends of the county could get togeth er upon his candidacy, as well as up on someone from the north end forreal the house. The demand for Ritchie and Noon an seemed- to -nfdetr '-immediate approval from practically every sec tion of ihe comity. Mr Ritchie is receiving most en couraging reports from city and coun try districts in both counties. En dorsement after endorsement from farming clubs and communities have been made for Mr. Ritchie. Considerable interest is being tak- JHI in drainage laws and in this con- ,/^nection Mr. Ritchie gives out the fol lowing interview, which clearly shows his stand in this regard. "Taxation has become burdensome therefore public expenditures should be limited to public necessities and these spent only where they will do the most good. "Our drainage laws in some cases have been abused until they are likely to become a liability upon the entire population of the county and that this abuse may not further be encouraged and become a burden upon the people, I am in favor of an amendment to our present ditch laws whereby the lands benefitted only, may become liable for the assessment of such improve ment. "The present automobile law is in many cases unjust and should be amended to make the burden more equitable. "During the past year the agricul tural interests of the country have been "hard hit." This is the basic in dustry of our entire country and un til something can be done to relieve this depressed condition prosperity can not return permanently to us. There should be closer cooperation be tween the producer and the consumer to the end that the producer could re ceive more for his products and the consumer secure them for a little less. We hear a great deal about the devel opment of our "idle acres", these will remain idle largely until farming can be carried on at a profit. When that time comes the problems of the real estate dealer will have been solved. SOne will not then have to beg people to buy or clear up land they will do in spite of even opposition, "Closer cooperation should be hadranged (Continual on Page 8) ASSOCIATION MEMBERS ENJOY SHORT PROGRAM Roy Papermaster, who just recently moved here with his parents, enter tained the members of the Civic and Commerce association after the noon luncheon Wednesday by giving his masterful reading entitled "When "Foch Spoke to JohnttV". This reading won first honors in the oratorical contest in which Mr. Papermaster represented the Grand Forks high schooL He is a graduate this school ana is now attending le University of North Dakota. L. F. Johnson, forest ranger of this district, gave a most interesting talK on Forest Protection Week. Mr. Johnson cited many fauses of forest fires and stated that over 90 per cent were caused by human agencies. He called attention to the work be ing done by the rangers throught the state and pointed 6ut the advantages of maintaining efficient fire-fighting forces in the wooded districts. itts&!*ui*iia. BEMIDJI MUSICAL ART CLUB MEETS TOMORROW American Composer, MacDow ell to Be Honored in Pro gram Friday Afternoon The Bemidji Musical Art Club will honor Edward .MacDowell, the Ameri can composer, in the program tc-.be given Friday, April 21 at the Civic and Oommerce association rooms. As a native composer, MacDowell is possibly nearer to the hearts of the [American people than any other geni us this country has produced, and his works are a,never ending source of pleasure and inspiration to the lover pf the quaint and original in music. The following program gives prom ise of being a highly enjoyable one. Current events Mesdames. Burke, /White, MacMillan, Moore, Smith, Mis sess L. Flatterly, N., Flatterly, Dofge, Hoag, Wilson. Piano prelude, from the First Mod- e"" Suite by Mrs. Einer Johnson. A aal, -To a Wild Rose, by High yjol Girls' Glee club. ^Viano, From an Indian Lodge, Song A-om sea pieces, A. D. MDCXX, by ^Mrs. William Budge. Vocal, The Robin Sings in ithe Apple Tree, The Maid'Loves Light, by Miss Helen Wilson. Piano, Scotch Poem, To a Water Lily, Shadow dance, by Mrs. Einer Johnson. A. F. & A. .MASONS CONFER WORK ON LARGE CLASS Third degree work was put on by Bemidji lodge No 233, A. F. & A. Masons in regular communication at the Masonic hall last evening, a large plass being taken into the order i Prior to the degree work, the regular busi ness meeting was held. Lunch was served at the close of the session. A special communication is to be held next Wednesday when third de gree work will be conferred on anoth er class and it is urged that there be another large attendance for this ses sion. DAILY PIONEER ENTERS TWENTIETH YEAR TODAY With today's issue, The Bemidji Daily Pioneer enters upon its twen tieth year. Twenty years ago to day it made its appearance' in Be midji, when this city contained a population of less than 2,500. A venture at this time, the pub lishers professed faith in the expan sion of the city and the expansion of the paper, which was'sure to follow the growth of Bemidji. The first issue of the daily prophesied that some day Bemidji would become a city of 10,000 inhabitants. Today that is a very conservative prophesy, although at that time it might have been considered rather doubtful. The Bemidji Weekly Pioneer was published for eight years previous to the daily publication and has been continued since. Both papers have shown gradual expansion, justified by the expansion of the city, until today the weekly issue is considered one of the best in the northwest, while the daily stands alone in its class, being the only daily paper within a radius of 100 miles. KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS ARE AIDING NEAR EAST RELIEF Sometime ago Dr. Brock of Minne apolis, who had been touring this part of Minnesota in the interests of the Near East Relief, appeared before Bemidji Council 1544, K. of andgirls, related to them the said plight of the Armenian orphan children. After hearing his address the memb ers of the council decided to make a direct appeal to the members and a committee was appointed to call on the members and although the com mittee has not been able as yet) to see all the members a very nice amount has been secured which will be turned over to the Near East Re lief/ KARHUNSAAR1 WRESTLES CURTIS TOMORROW NIGHT L. C. Curtis, Bemidji middleweight wrestler, is to meet Henry Karhunsa ari, of Virginia, the "Terrible Finn" at Brainerd Friday evening for the second encounter between these two mat artists. At the previous match at Brainerd, the referee called the bout a draw after Karhunsaari hadf fouled Curtis. Later another match was ar and the Finn failed to appear, Curtis taking on a substitute wrestler and winning the match easily. There is a possibility that a sec ond meeting between Ralph Parcaut (of Royal, Iowa and Curtis may be ar ranged to be held here within the next few months. Parcaut defeated Curtis in their first match here after one hour and 20 minutes of hard wrestling (Winning the second fall as the result of injuries forced upon Curtis during .the first. If Parcaut is induced to come here, and he has made a very favor able offer for the second match, he will probably make/ the trip by air plane, his pilot using the machine for passenger service while here. This meeting may be arranged if sufficient interest is shown by the fans it is an nounced. REV. W. H. MILLER TO SPEAK AT BAPTIST CHURCH SUNDAY Rev. W. H. Miller, representing the Anti-Saloon League of Minne sota, will speak at the evening serv ice at the Baptist church Sunday. He comes here highly recommended by the league, and the general pub lic is urged to hear him. NESTOSNAMED ASCANDIDATE FORGOVERNOR Jamestown Convention Names Present Incumbent to Head G. O. P. State Ticket SIMON NOMINATED AS DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE Plans for Amalgamating Two Parties After Primaries Being Talked Over (By United Press) Jamestown, N. D., April 20. Amid an ovation lasting for several minutes, Governor Nestos* name was placed before the conference this morning. He was unanimously re nominated for re-elecCion. The Dem ocrats nominated Charles Simon of New England, present assistant at torney general, for governor. Both candidates must go into the primaries in June. The conference was expected to complete its work by noon. Accord ing to an agreement from the forces of Senator P. J. McCumber and his opponents, the Republican confer ence would not endorse acandidate for senator. E. B. Burkner of Grand Forks and George Young of Valley City were endorsed for congressmen from North Dakota. J. F. T. O'Connor of Grand Forks was endorsed by the Democrats for senator. Plans for amalgamating the twowas parties after the primary election were worked out this morning, con ference committees having been named before a late adjournment last night to work out a plan of dove-tailing the two tickets for the fall election to oppose the Non partisans. ORGANIZED LAND CLEARING NOW ON IN SIX COUNTIES Organized county-wide work in land clearing is now in progress in six northern counties, say land clearing section men of t&e University of Min nesota. Business! Men and farmers of Aitkin county joined forces on April 4 in organizing the Aitkin County Land Clearing association. Other counties which have such associations are St. Louis, Beltrami, Cass and Crow Wing. Each county association will co-operate closely with the coun ty farm bureau and various organi zations of the town business men. One of the first acts of the new Ait kin county association was the mak ing of financial arrangement where by credit for purchasing dynamite can be readily obtained. NORTH DAKOTA PROFESSOR ADDRESSES FARGO SENIORS (By United Press) Fargo, N. D., April 20Prof. Got tfried Hult, of the North Dakota Uni versity, will be speaker here today at cap and gown day at the Fargo col lege. The senior class, all of whom are appear today for the first time n acedemic dress. They will be guests at dinner tonight of -Dean and Mrs Guy R. Vowells. C. L. Isted left last evening on' a business trip to Minneapolis, and while there will visit his son Elwood. tOwrrtita) WHEN VOl) WEKE A P0V/A rtlCKLE WAS A WHOLE LOT Of MONEY/ BUT (WELLUT5SEE) HERE'S* HICE I 1 yy0f+m**t*^*-****^'^'#r-to~'^*^ BEMIDJ I DAIL PIONEE HEW RVECENTS PIECE- AN'DWflJ SPEW IT ALU IH ONEJWE BEMIDJI, MINN., THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 20, 1922 A. P. RITCHIE Mr. Ritchie is a candidate for the state senatorship from this district at' the coming election. Known as a progressive worker for the welfare of the community and state in which he lives, he is expected to poll a heavy vote when his name is sub mitted to the people. SALKAGi^ ITS PATRONS BIG SUM Farmers' Co-operative Firm Is Marketing Livestock at Less Than Half Regular Fee i (Farm Bureau News Service) South St. Paul, April 20Another record breaking financial statement issued today by the Central Co operative Commission association. Since January 1, it has accumulated profits of more than $30,000 for its iarmer patrons. The Central Co-operative Commis sion association was established on the So. St. Paul market eight months ago. At the close ol its lirsv live mon ths of business it declared a patronage dividend of 25 per cent and a stock dividend of 8 per cent. It paid back to the farmers $19,124.22. That sum amounted to $2,349 more than the total amount paid in by the farmers for the capital stock of the selling ag ency. The announcement made today showed even greater savings for thethat first three months of 1922. In Jan.conference. ^ind February, the agency showed a jnet surplus of $21,800. For March its gross profit is $10,339. These protits accumulated to be Returned to the patrons of the associa tion in dividends amount to about 60 per cent of all the money received by the association in commissions. In tother words the farmer's cooperative company saved its patrons approxi mately $8t90 on every car of stock it handled in January and February. It cost the average private firm $14.50 a car to handle livestock in 1920, according to figures made pub lic last week by the National Live Stock Exchange. In January and Feb ruary this year, it cost the Central Cooperative Commission association $6.88. The National Livestock Ex change also informed the joint cong ressional committee investigating agricultural conditions, that the aver age profit made by the commission men amounted to $1.72 a car in 1920. All profits and savings made by the Central Cooperative Commission association go back to the farmers in patronage dividends. In addition to the $30,000 profits (Continued on Page 8) Rfmember NOW! .1 WHOLE NICKLE LLOYDGEORGE CALLSPARLEY A BIG SUCCESS Declares Cornerstone of Peace in Europe Has Been Laid at Genoa Conference GERMAN DELEGATION NOT TO ANNUL PACT Lloyd George, However, Be lieves Germany Will With draw From Treaty (By United Press) Genoa, April 20."The success of the Genoa conference is assured," Premier Lloyd George declared to day. "The cornerstone of European peace and reconstruction has been laid," he said. "Both the Russian and German obstacles will be overcome," the pre mier declared. He srfid that prob ably these would be settled today and announced the conference will take up consideration of the Pan-Ameri can pact of non-aggression. The nations will agree not to at tack each other without lengthy con sideration. Referring to the Russo-German treaty, signed at Rapallo, Lloyd George said: "We have reason to believe that Germany will withdraw from this treaty. Had any other nation, represented here at Genoa, so signed behind our backs, it would have broken up the conference." Lloyd George was optimistic in his predictions. "We are having the greatest success," he said. In closing his speech, the premier referred indirectly to the United States. He said: "It would never fully succeed until all nations of the world belonged." Genoa, April 20.(By Henry Wood)The German delegat'on to day declared flatly they would not annul or withdraw from the com mercial treaty signed with Russia at Rapallo on Easter Sunday. Walter Rarhenau, former minister, confer red with Senatoi Schanzer of Italy in an effort fo frame the German of ficial reply, which announces this, so it will not disrupt the Genou SHORTAGE OF YOUNG FARM HORSES INDICATED Surplus of undersized unsalable farm horses, with young horses of good quality in diminishing supply, tractor to supplement rather than to supplant horses on the farm. These are the important conclus ions drawn from the returns of the state horse survey conducted from University Farm by J. F. Kuehn, sec retary of the Minnesota Horse Breed ers association cooperating with the Minnesota Livestock association in an effort to encourage breeding. Nine hundred replies have been re ceived to a questionnaire addressed to all county agents in Minnesota, secretaries of county fairs and agri cultural societies, graduate veterin arains and leading livestock breeders. "The report shows," says Mr. Ku ehn, "that only one third as many horses were raised last year as in 1917 that there is a decided shortage of young horses of good quality, and that most farmers now realize that the tractor will supplement rather than displace the horses on the farms. YMATPIDyoiA POVvlTHTrfAT HALF COLLAR SPENT rr i 60ESS- COW OK 6IV6 N|EA WILL YOU vesT&RPAyj?/ I BEMIDJI COUNTRY CLUB MAKING IMPROVEMENTS Work Already Started on New Nine-Hole Course Season Will Open May 1 The Bemidji Country club is mak ing a -number of improvements at the golf grounds at the head of Lake Be midji this season. Fred Goughnour, one of the new members, is rolling the course, using his ten-ton tractor to pull the bur steel roller. The whole course has been top-dressed with black dirt and all re-seeded so that when the season opens, May 1, there will not be a better nine-hole course in the state. Wednesday morning a crew of five men started to work clearing and brushing for the new nine-hole course in the 60 acres recently acquired, adjoining the present course, so that when this is completed, the club will have a full 18-hole course. It is not contemplated to complete the new nine holes this season, but work will be done only as the income war rants. About ten new members have joined this year and, as yet, the membership committee has not com menced the'r work, and when they do, the membership will be over 100. Last year's income from out-of-town players was over $1,700, and it is expected that it will be over $2,500 this season. Willard Crummy of Minneapolis has been re-engaged as professional and instructor for the season, and he and Mrs. Crummy will be here April 29th. A new cottage for them to live in is being erected on the golf course. Gust Stahl is again in charge as greens-keeper and has his crew get ting the course in shape, and a num ber are playing though the season has been cold and backward. BABY CYCLONE SWEEPS CHICAGO GIRL KILLED (By United ProstO w*k.. **-fi *.iUv..v*.ji- Chicago, April 20.One school girl was killed, two probably fatally hurt and fifty injured when a baby cyclone swept Chicago's loop district last night. The g.rl, Vita Jacobson, 8, wasplorable. struck with a piece of rock, blown from a three-story building. Frank Brand, a saloon porter, was snatched from death by a pedestrian in rubber boots, who broke Brand's contact with a fallrng trolley wire. The prop erty damage will total thousands of dollars. JURY FINDS IN FAVOR OF DEFENDANT IN FROST SUIT In the case of Frank Frost vs. Tom Fenson, in which the plaintiff sought to recover alleged losses to the amount of $500 as the result of participating in a poker game in thedicated place of business operated by the defendant, the jury found in favor of the defendant. The case of Henry Seado vs. Jimpractically Cummings is now before district court. This is a su't entered by Seado to recover alleged damages re sulting from the rental of a fnrm by Seado to Cummings. .HOLDING HEARING TODAY ON TEACHER'S RETIREMENT FUND (Uy t'nltcMl Press) St. Paul, Minn April 20Hearing on the teacher's retirement fund is being held here today by the retire ment insurance board. No action re garding the fund was taken at the re cent meeting of the board. The next legislature may be asked to provide additional funds for the teachers. REPORTS VERY HELPFUL EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS Miss Mary Lilleskov, assistant coun ty superintendent of schools returned last evening from St. Paul where she went last week to attend a series of educational meetings held there Wed nesday and Thursday. County superintendents met on Wednesday and in the morning took up the subject "Certification," and instructive talks were given in the af ternoon when P. C. Cunning dis cussed "State Board Examinations" James McConnell discussed "Teach ers' Qualifications," and Dr. Hagger ty also gave an educational talk. General sessions for all were held on Thursday when Dr. Courtas of De troit, Mich., gave a series of talks on "Rating Teachers,, Dr. Horn of Iowa, discussed "Silent Reading" Fletcher Swift, professor of education, of Minnesota, spoke in the English build ing on "School Support and the Dis trict System", chancellor of the Uni versity of Kansas spoke at the Uni versity armory on "University Con vocation." A conference of a few of the coun ty superintendents was called where the "Indian Children" were discussed relative as to whether it was best to let the child attend the public school or'whether the national government should look after the child's education and how such a school should be fin anced. Miss L'lleskov reports a very enjoyable time and helpful sessions. JUNIOR ORDER OF MOOSE TO GIVE DANCING PARTY TONIGHT The Junior Order of Moose will give a dancing party this evening at the new Moose hail. Their friends, members of the Moose lodge and the Mooscheart Legion and friends of tr-e Moose and the Legion are invited to ,scheduled to meet Bosco Brown of allt rid Z'ZFTi %K $o Minnesota Par night and Friday somewhat warmer tonight in east and south portions. _, ^jm!ttm 55c PER MONTH TAXLAWMUSI BEREVISED TO STOPDODGING Breakdown of Present System in Practice Shows Need of New Form of Tax is SITUATION REVEALED IS TRULY DEPLORABLE Abolition of All Exemptions Over $500 Is Suggested by N. Y. Publisher Editor's note. This is the fourth of a series of articles dealing with the federal income tax sit uation. By Bruce BHven New) York, April 20Income tax dodging exists in the United States today on a scale so tremendous that one hesitates to describe it. Millions of persons who should have pnid taxes have failed to do so, withholding from the government bil lions of dollars. Other millions have violated the law by failing to file income tax re turns though they were not obliged to pay any tax. Under the law everyone with an in come of $1000 or more must file a return, even though his exemptions are larger than his total income, and he, therefore, owes the government nothing. Through ignorance or indif ference, millions of persons have broken the law in this regard, and are liable to fine or imprisonment. These facts, as they have been de veloped from official government sta tistics by Jason Rogers, publisher of the New York Globe, have been sot forth in detail in preceding articles in the series of which this is the fourth' and last. Breakdown of Government The situation revealed is truly de It means no less than the complete breakdown of our govern ment in one of its most vital functions and a function which touches the very heart of the democratic theory. What can be done about It? Must we admit, as the French have done, that the income tax is an uncoltec't able tax, and seek to raise the neces sary revenues for government ex penses by other methods? By no means though Mr. Rogers believes that the situation here re vealed is an excellent argument in favor of the sales tax. New Form of Tax Needed But his chief interests is in the in faults in our income tax sys tem. Not the tax itself, but its pres ent form is bad, in his judgment. He would remedy it by abolishing all exemptions on income* of $500 and up. He would begin with a flat tax of 1 per cent., or some other virtually nominal amount on incomes of 9600 or more. He reasons that an individual who won't i pay $b a year toward ttie maintenance of his government is a pretty poor citizen. To raise the amount necessary, he would tax larger incomes at progres sively higher rates. A Hodge-Podge of ComprotnUe* We have all accepted the present in come tax law, with its complicated surtaxes, its numerous loopholes, and it's exemptions, some of which, such as the exemption of federal and state salaries are vicious and unfair, as matter of fact, it is a hodge-podge of compromise, a most imperfect docu ment. Its exemptions place a premium on lying. Mr. Rogers wold have the nominal income tax collected at the source wherever that is praticable, as it would be when an individual receives his income in the form of wages, sal aiy etc. The Cost of Collecting The argument has been advanced that almost universal tax dodging which now goes on cannot be stopped because it would cost more to collect these taxes than they amount to. Mr. Rogers rejects this argument as fal lacious. A tax should either not be levied at all, or it should be-collected whatever it costs. But there is no reason why the government, under tints law, should not assess a small fine on (Continued on Page 8) FRANKLIN KNOCKS OUT FORMER BEMIDJI MAN Dick Franklin of this city, heavy weight fighter, knocked out Al Tardy of Grafton, a former resident of this city, at Grafton Wednesday evening.Graf A right cross to the jaw sent Jhe on man to the mat for the count in the fifth round of a scheduled ten round bout. Franklin states that Tar dy was in much better shape than he had expected him to be and that he had a hard time in putting him away. A number of matches have been arranged for Franklin at Grafton and other North Dakota cities within the next few months. Included among these is a match at Grafton in May when h(r will take part in the main event At this same match Al Tardy will meet Young Miller. Franklin is also to meet Fred Fulton of. Minnea polis at Devil.-. Lake next June dur in th._ Legion convention. He is also Fnigo sit Grand Fork's next month.