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"'fl i,' The Pioneer li thr only daily within 100 miles of Bemidji and has the largest circulation a Northern Minnesota, *NCOLUME XX. NO. 44 .Ocr tr (3TY IMPROVED PSIDERABLY Building, Re-Decorating and Repairing Progressing in .._ 1 Al.l Sections of City TWO NEW OIL STATIONS AMONG IMPROVEMENTS New High School Building to Be Ready for Use When Fall Term of School Opens, I Building, repairing and- redecora- ting in and about Bemidji have pro gressed considerably during the past few weeks with the result that the Bemidji business district is being made more attractive from day to day. Numerous stores have been putting in new fronts while others have been decorating old fronts. Clifford & Co. recently had a new front installed on that. store, cor ner^of Minnesota avenue and Fourth street, which greatly improves its ap pearance. The old Erickson hotel which is now owned by Joe Blondo- has been undergoing extensive repairs since he purchased the buildings The rooms have been redecorated and are now getting the finishing touches, \nd are greatly improved. The Dor an Plumbing company has the con tract for installing a heating plant and plumbing in the hotel which when completed will make it modern in ev ery respect and give Mr. Blondo 22 modern rooms. The I. B. Olson restaurant and rooming house on Second street be tween Minnesota and -Beltrami av enues, has been improved by a new brick front," while the interior of the building downstairs has been greatly, improved with the addition-" of new furniture. The rooms on the second floor are now being made over and the exterior of the building is still to receive further improvement. The new gasoline filling station recently begun by the Peoples Oil company at the corner of Fourth street and Beltrami avenue is now practically completed. This struc ar si readily recognized as a big ,,irf^improvement to this corner site and i when the decorative plans of the company have been carried out, the station will present an even better appearance. On the corner of Second street and Beltrami avenue is the new gas oline filling station erected by the Northwestern Oil company. This station is now under operation, al though further improvements are being made on the grounds surround ing it. This station, is also a val uable improvement to this corner, which has heretofore been an eye sore. Throughout the residence districts a number of new houses are under construction, while others are being improved by the addition of porches and other improvements.,' A number of new summer cottages are also being erected this year, the major ity now being completed. Nine of these are located at Birchmont and are used in connection with the sum mer hotel. Waville, Bemidji Beach and La vinia summer resorts are also being improved and several new cottages are being added. Work on other structures in and around Bemidji is progressing rapidly and included in (Continued on Page 8.) NA JOHNSON, FORMER RESIDENT HERE, PASSES Miss Anna Johiwon, neice of John O. and A. O. HoglnSon of this city and for several years an employee of the Pioneer Publishing Co.,'passed away last night at the home of her parents in Wilson, 'Wisconsin, ac cording to word received here this morning by the Hoganson families. Miss Johnson is well known in Be midji, havig lived here for a number of years, and she has a host of friends who mourn her death. She survived by her father and mother, "Mr. and Mrs. Halvo Johnson, two brothers and four sisters, all living at Wilson4 Funeral services will probably be held Sunday/ although the message telling of her death did not state so. Mr. and Mrs.' J. 0.( Hoganson will leave this evening to attend the fun* eral &. ~W. if" fc&K J. j&J. VACATION LAND COOL WHP EAST S\yElTERS Several Overcome* |by jrieat in, Milwaukee Chicago Today Relieved- byf'Breexe- (By 'United. Pr^ss) St. Paul, June 9While the east swelters the vacation land is cool today, temperatures as low as 76 on the Canadian! border were re ported. It was partly cloudy with probable showers predicted. This follows four days of heat. (By United Press) Milwaukee, June 9Several per sons were overcome by heat yester day and all Milwaukee moped its brow in real distress when temper atures reached 88 degrees.- Relief in temperatures was expected when an electric storm accompanied by rain arrived shortly before sundown. (By United Press) New York, June 9Although the day started in New York with the sun hiding behind the clouds, the temperature threatened to exceed yesterday, the hottest of the day86 degrees. (By United Press) Chicago, June 9A cooling west ern breeze brought relief to suffer ing Chicago today. Five persons died from the effects of the heat yesterday. The temperature was 88 degrees,. There |were many mad dogs and scores of prostrations PADUCAH WILL REACH DETROIT NEXT MONDAY For the benefit of the mothers who have boys on (board the U. S. Navy boat "Paducah" the following message received this morning from E. A. Barker is given in full: "Que bec, June 8, 1922Just six days since we left Portsmouth. Every thing working perfectly except the weather* First two days were ter rible. Fog and heavy sea. Most everyone- seasick. Fog lifted Wed nesday. Since then everyone com fortable. Will be in Detroit the 12th., Send night letters there." "E. A. Barker." BULK OF ROAD MONEYS SPENT ON ACTUAL WORK Figures Show About 5 Cents of Trunk Highway Dollar Spent for Overhead Minnesota highway department overhead expenses are taking only slightly over five per cent of the trunk highway funds, compared to the 7 per cent average in other states. General administration, surveying, engineering, superintendence ev erything from rent of the new head quarters building in St. Paul to the wages of the survey party cookis covered by the figure which further establishes the economy with which the department is managed. Admin istration costs, which include the sal aries of executives and headquarters and many field employees, rental and other general office expenses, are more than covered by the annual fund of $150,000, less than 1% per cent of the business volume. Engineering and superintendence accounts for the big part of the remaining 4 per cent. The figures from the official rec ords are given this week in a bulle tin from the, state highway depart ment in answer to inquiries follow ing revival of unfounded reports that comparatively little road money was-going on the roads. They show that nearly 95 cents out of every trunk highway dollar goes into road betterments and the rest for engi neering and other necessary items. J. T. Ellison, assistant highway commissioner, said that the Minne sota showing is among the most fa vorable in comparison ,with those of other states. While the Minnesota overhead aggregates a little more than 5 per cent, he said, that on maintenance is but 3% per cent, and for new construction is about 6 per cent, or less than the general aver age for other states. All expenses except amounts paid to contractors are included in construction over head, he explained, while the main tenance item embraces everything except the wages of the patrolmen and other expenses going directly in to road, betterments. tUT PREPARED BYRAH BOARD Reduction Now Planned Will Effect 250,000 Amount Is Not Announced SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO APPEAL TO PRESIDENT Statistical Experts of Rail Union Prepare Analysis of Wages and Living A*r~'t BEMIDJI, MINN., FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 9, 1922 Jnlted Prem) 9.Another wage 000 men, is being nited States Rail- became known ition, it is ex- Nd next week the threats %AtS been cut. i5n of the board ..^rfges of clerks, station ary firemen and other employees. The amount of the decrease was not announced. (By United Press) Cincinnati, June 9.Drafting of an appeal to President Harding to prevent the $109,000,000 wage cuts recently ordered by the United States Railroad Labor Board, to become ef fective July 1, was begun here by a special committee. "Suspend the wage reductions un til we have had an opportunity to prove to you the disastrous effects which the enforcement will have on the workers," .was to be the gist of the appeal. Statistical experts of the railroad unions began preparations today of a detailed analysis of the wages and cost of living situation. This report will be included in the appeal. It will show, union officials said, the wage reductions will put the shop craft and maintenance of way on a starvation basis. BUSINESS COLLEGE CLOSES DAY SCHOOL CLASSES TODAY Announcement has been made that the Bemidji Business Qbllege will close its day school this afternoon for the summer months. The night school will continue until June 23. After enjoying a summer vacation the school will be re-opened with day and night classes during the first week in September. This school has enjoyed a steady growth during the past few years and especially so since the school has been moved to its new quarters. Indications are that the opening of the fall term will see an increased enrollment.i ^rfSgffflS^&vp "VW^w^ w^^M^:^f^ $^^^aw ^^^vr^*' ^^g^:^, $* BEMIDJ I DAIL PIONEER BABCOCK HIGHWAY MAPS ARE FREE ON REQUEST The Pioneer this %eek received from the Minnesota Highway depart ment a limited supply, of state trunk highway maps for free distribution among its readers. Persons having use for a map may, procure one by calling at the Pioneer office. The trunk route map, 17x21 inch es, is printed on strong paper. It shows all the so-called Babcock roads with their official numbers corre spendjing to those on the yellow star markers along the routes. Also, paving, graveling and other improve ments on each section are shown. A suggestion is made that the map be framed by hotel and garage keepers and other business houses with the weekly road condition bulletins pub lished in daily newspapers. This will supply a complete trunk highway condition service at slight expense. Charles .Babcock, state highway commissioner, published the map as required by law. Newspapers volun teered to circulate them and the postage saving is being* used for more maps to supply a la|ger num ber of highway users without in creased expense to the state. The supply is limited, however, and those desiring maps should call for them before the supply is exhausted. MUNICIPALITIES LEAGUE TOMEETATCROOKSTON The ninth annual convention of the League (pf Minnesota Munici palities will be held! in Crookston June 21-22, The Mayors Confer ence association and the Minnesota section of the American Waterworks association meet jointly with the league. The cbnvention, therefore, will |be of unusual interest. The convention will be called to order at 9:30 Wednesday forenoon, June 21, with President L. C. Hodgson, ex-mayor of St. Paul, presiding. An interesting program hasten ar ranged which includes a number of important committee reports. Reports will be heard from the committees on public safety, judi cial decisions, public health, sewer age and sanitation, waterworks, mu nicipal accounts and budgets, tax ation and assessments, parks, play grounds and city plans, charters and legislation. On the afternoon of the second day of the convention, the annual business meeting will be held and officers will be elected. The next place of meeting will also be select ed at that time. DETROIT TOURNAMENT IS POSTPONED UNTIL JUNE 25 The inter-city golf tournament between the golfers of Detroit and Bemidji to be staged at Detroit has been scheduled for Sunday June 25, instead of Sunday June 18. At that time i tis expected that the Bemidji club will be largely represented, a large number having already signi fied their intention of attending. Transformation MUSICMAKING GREATSTRIDES IN THIS CITY List of Students Compiled by Musical Art Club Is of Special Interest CITY HAS REASON TO BE PROUD OF TALENT Band, Voice, Violin, Orchestra, Piano and Club Students Listed by Committee Bemidji is making great strides in musical lines at the present time, and this is especially noticeable from the fact that so many young people have become interested in the study of music. The.student committed of the Be midji Musical Art club has compiled a list of the various students engaged in active study and the committee takes pleasure in presenting this list to the public. Some of the names appear several times, indicating a versatility of talent possessed by a number of individual workers. A few of the students are from out of town who come here each week for their lessons. Altogether, the city of Bemidji has reason to be justly proud of its musical talent and those studying or intending to study music in Bemidji have reason to be encouraged by the public in general. Seventy-one are listed as members of the Juvenile band. They are as follows: Cornet sectionCharles Johnston, Reid Elwell, Winthrop Batcheldcr, Fred Bourcjcr, Angus Vandersluis, Charles Funk, Oscar Baney, George Thompson, Terry Frost, Benjamin Kolbc and Lloyd Lind. Alto sectionRaymond Maneckc, George Gillean, Robert Koehn, Emer son VanDervort, Donald Hayes, Tom Wright, Raymond Breen and Basil Brittan. Baritone sectionDonald Henry, Lester Kiehl, Louis Cohen and Lloyd Hazen. Trombone sectionRobert John ston, Victor Jahr, Lester Winklcsky, (Continued on Page 8.) CHIPPEWA SUIT AGAINST UNITED STATES D1SMMISSED Washington, June 9Justice A. A. Hoeling in the supreme court of the District of Columbia has dismis sed the suit brought by John Morri son, president of the Chippewa coun cil, in which he sought to restrain the secretary of |the interior and the commissioner of Indian affairs from further administering the affairs of the Chippewa Indians in Minne sota. ^py^s/fr*' TEACHERS OF NATION WILL MEET IN BOSTON National Educational Associa tion Convention Is to Unite Educational Effort Washington, June 9, (Capital News Service),."On (to Boston is| the cry in educational circles. The Na tional Education Association, which has united teachers for 05 years, will hold a monster convention in Bos ton July 2 to 8, inclusive. The mem bership of the association is now about 100,000, and twice the number of delegates which were expected at Dcs Moines last year are expeted at Boston. The general theme for the pro gram is "Education and the Demo cratic awakening," emphasizing the connection between the great demo cratic impulse following the war and the intensified interest in every phase of educational endeavor. Among those who will address the sessions are Mrs. Thomas G. Winter, president of the General Federation of Women's Clubs Alvin M. Owsley, national dii-ector of the Americani zation Legion Mrs. Maude Wood Park, president of the National League of Women Voters Freder ick J. Libbey, secretary of the Na tional Council for the Reduction of Armaments, and Gov. Channing H. Cox, of Massachusetts, who will wel come the teachers. Dr. W. G. Cove, president of the National Association of Teachers of England and Wales, is making a special trip to America to attend the Boston convention. M. B. A. HOLDS REGULAR MEETING MONDAY NIGHT The Modern Brotherhood of Amer ica will meet in regular session Mon. day evening, June 12, at the new Moose hall at 8 o'clock. All mem bers are required to be present. Following the business meeting, dancing will be enjoyed, music to be furnished by the Melody boys. SEVERAL NEW ROAD JOBS LET BY COUNTY BOARD Bids Requested for Work on Road From East Bemidji to Mississippi Outlet A number of road contracts were let by the board of county commis sioners in regular monthly session here thin week.. Included in these is the contract let to A. J. Moen at $0,400 on the road to connect Thief River Falls with Red Luke. This amount of money will not complete tht road but the action taken assures lesidents of the community affected that a road to Red Lake will be con structed. Completion will probably take place next year. Other road joh.s which were let this wick include Job No.2211, which includes five miles of road from east, of Tenstrike to the state road south of Blaekduck. This con tract went to Charles Bcgcman on a bid of $5,585.78. Charles Carter was awarded the contract on Job No. 2212 for a road running south of Tenstrike and connecting with the Twin Lakes road for a distance of about three miles on a bid of $5,207. .04 Job. No. 22i:J, from Fagan's Spur in Taylor township south a distance of two miles, was also award ed Charles Carter on a bid of $1,961. 93. Job No 2214 for a road south east in Taylor township to connect the south side of Twin Lakes with the state road, a distance of about four miles, was let to Paul Halupt zok of Tenstrike for $0,018.38. The county board appropriated $2,- 0.00 to be spent in building a road one and oneJ-half' miles in length for the bridge on the south side of Big Lake to the dam on the Missis sippi river cast of Bemidji. Al though this road is short, it is of great importance to the citizens east of this city. Bids will be received at the next meeting of the board on the road from the'East Bemidji school north through tljd Kugglos timber to the bridge at 'the outlet of the Missis sippi river.. Bonds amounting to $39,000 have been sold to the Lincoln Trust and Savings bank of Minneapolis to com plete work on Judicial ditch No. 25. The board also sold bonds to the amount of $5,000 to the First Na tional bank of Bemidji for work to be done on county ditch No. 6. Residents of Nebish have petition ed for a new school building and tV date for this hearing has been rot for July 15, to be held at Nebish. 55 Cents Per Mont DISPUTESHOLD STATESB Statistician Indicates Several Factors Responsible for Slowness of Recovery BUILDING AND AUTO INDUSTRIES ACTIVE Babson Says There Is Still a Real Connection Between Religion and Business Wellesley Hills, Mass,, June 9. Rogers W. Babson, ttho statitician, today indicated several of the fac tors which are responsible for the slowness of business recovery. "The floods still continue to troub le the Southwest," said Mr. Babson. "Nearly four millions acres of land arc said to be submerged. This tends to delay planting as well as to inter fere with transportation and general buying. With the exception of thii flood situation and the lateness of spring, the crops are coming along very well. A little scare in the case of cotton will do no harm. Scares do not affect crops but only straight en prices and make for business ac tivity. "The four industries which are the most active at the present time are the building industries, railroad equipment, public works, and auto-" mobile manufacturing. They are all industries of a fundamental nature. Not only is development of these in dustries giving temporary employ ment, but they provide permanent and productive capital for the coun try. This is especially trqe in the first three instances: building* 'rail road equipment and public works.' "Very hopeful reports come froth the Michigan district. Mines which have not been opened for a year or two arc now running on full time. Thousands of men in the mining'sec tions arc now going back to work, and the whole Michigan district, looks more prosperous. Although the. copper situation is still very flat,, it* is like man flat on his back. There is only one way he can look and that is upward. Michigan, during the next two years is apt to be a very busy state. "The mill situation in New Eng land is upset. Thousands of people, are still out on strikes. Although both sides claim decided advantages, statistics are rather in favor of the employers. It is believed that a cat is inevitable, and it is only a ques tion of what the cut will b*e. When the mills nre opened, wage reduc tions will run from 10 to 20 per cent although these reductions will do little good unless tho workers feel right and are happy. As'somft mills reopen, they will reopen on*an open-shop plan, although I believe that in many instances these manu facturers will go back again and deal with the union as soon as business becomes good and help scarcer "Wage reductions apply noii only to the textile industries but to the shoe industries, and in some cases to the building industries. The Struc tural Iron and Steel Workers- Unien in Syracuse, N. Y., have recently, ac cepted a wage scale of a dollar an hour for all work. I emphasize that these labor conflictswhichever side is to blameare the one important factor preventing business from com ing back to normal. Both profits and (Continued on Page &.)- WOOLWINE TO REOPEN VALENTINO CASE SOON (By United Press) Los Angeles, June O.-r-Dissatisfieid with the verdict of the justice who freed Rudolph Valentino, movie ac tor, of a charge of bigamously nuur rying Winifred Hudnut, perfume manufacturer's daughter, District Attorney Woolwine plans to reopen the case, according bo indications here today. Woolwine's plans were revealed when several subpoenas were issued to appear today before the grand jury. The district attorney refused to disclose particulars, but stated, he is talcinpr measures to prevent others from making similar marriages,^ MA.