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The Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971, December 15, 1922, Section One, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063381/1922-12-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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Minnesota: Partly cloudy to
night. Rising temperature in the
east and .south portions tonight.
Colder in northwest Saturday.
Ambassador to London Has
Been Instructed to Return
For Consultation
British, German Ambassadors
Lay Situation Before
Secretary Hughes.
(By United Press)
(By A. L- Bradford)
Washington, Dec- 15American
intervention in the European crisis
is imminent. The United States
will shortlyak major steps of far
reaching importance in the serious
situation abroad, the United Press is
informed in highly authoritative
quarters today.
George IJarvey, American Ambas
sador to London, has been directly
instructed by President Harding and
Secretary of State Hughes to return
to Washington for consultation on
the European crisis. Another inter
national conference in Washington
this one desired to bring about
relief from the desperate economic
situation in Europeis a possibility.
Talk of a big loan from private
interests, Andrew Bonar Law's dark
view on the European situation and
his statement that Britain can't pay
her debts to the United States unless
she receives money from Germany
and other debtors, the threatened in
vasion of the Euhr Valley by France,
the coming of the British debt com
mission to discuss refunding of the
war debt, Clemenceau's pleading for
the return of this country to Europe
all these have served to bring the
situation to a .climax.
Within the last few days, the Brit
ish and German ambassadors here'
hcve^MO^fev^^t^fcary HogKes
the situation ftvolving. the .-collapse
(Continued on page 4)
(By Baited-Kress)
Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 15.
The giant gray, wolf that for years
roamed Mesa County and caused
(hundreds of dollars in losses to stock
men, has made itiiast kill.
Luke Hummel of the Dolores sec
tion is financially much better off
as the slayer oi ihe great wolf for he
collected a score of rewards.
The wOlf lead,et of a bold pack
measured severi and one-half feet
from tip to tip ahd weighed 150
pounds. Veteran trappers and hunters
say it is one of the largest ever killed
on the western slope of Colorado.
Score of hunters have tried vainly
for years to run down the giant labo,
but he always avoided their baited
traps and kept out of range of their
Hummel set a large trap and at
tached a heavy log to it* The next
morning the trap and log were gone
and a trail led through the forest
Hummel started in pursuit.
For three days he followed the
windings of the furrowed path left
by the log as the wolf sought to es
cape- At the end of the .third day,
fifty miles from the place where he
set the trap, Hummel came upon the
animal, exhausted, but showing fight.
A shot from his 30-30 ended the
wolf's long career.
(By tJnltad Preu)~
Chicago, Dee. 15Oscar E. Brad
fute, Zenia,. Ohio, succeeds J. H.
Howard as president of the Amer
ican Farm Bureau Federation. Mr.
Howard refused to be a candidate
again for office, declaring that politi
cal maneuvering had hampered the
federations'work. W. H. Walker
of California, was elected vke-pres
ident. J. F. Reed of Minnesota got
a place on the executive committee
for the-central region
The conference went on record as
demanding more freight equipment,
some reduction in freight rates, im
provement of highways, enlarged
water-ways and shipping ports', open
ing of the Great Lakes water-way,
opposition to the "Pittsburgh Plus"
system of selling -steel an dthe en
dorsement of a national transporta
tion institute.
"V# M*J'*-*i*-i
America Will Shortly
Take Important Steps
In Situation Abroad
|V\7] ft.T
Secretary of Labor Proposes
Examination Before They
Leave Foreign Homes
Washington, Dec. 15.-Sielectilon
of immigrants seeking admission to
the United States by examination be
fore they leave their foreign home
"countries was proposed by Secretary
of Labor Davis in a reemmendation
which would revolutionise the pre
sent system of immigration exami
nation, set forth in the Secretary's
annual report recently made public
The Secretary declared that the pre
sent system gives to foreign nations
the privilege of selecting the immi
grants whom they will permit to come
to the United States'. Secretary Davis
presented hi$ proposal as follows:
"With the close of the World War
America faced a veritable flood of
immigrants, seeking refuge from the
conditions in the war-torn countries
of Europe and the Near East. To
stem the tide Congress passed a law
limiting the immigrants from' any
froeign country to 3 per cent of the
tionality resident in the United' Stall*
foreign country to 3 per cent of the
States in 1910. Under this law the
United States has checked the
stream of aliens flowing to this
country, arbitrarily, pending the
framing of a policy under which only
the best of those applying for admSs^
sion will be allowed to enter. In the
first year of its operation the 3 per
cenj law cut down thevnymher of
l^g^^Sr'admitted by more than'
half a million.
"Nearly 1,000,000 foreigners, re
presenting- every element in the
tangled populations of the Old
World, and every race beneath the
sun, sought admission to America in
the year before the percentage law
became effective. During' the first
year under the law less than 300,000
.were admitted. One effect of the
law was to cut down materially the
percentage of the total immigration
which came from southern and east
ern Europe, the source of the alien
stream which the year before
brought about 750,000 to our shores.
(Continued on Page 8.)
Conditions in the Clearwater
River Basin Show Early
Settler's Struggles
A farmer who ,came to Equality
township, Red Lake" county in 1896,
the year the reservation was opened
for settlement, gave recently an in
teresting account of early conditions
in that seetion
of the country, espec
ially- with reference to the Clear
water river basin. When he came
in July of that year the swamps and
higher lands were ,alike dry and the
river flowed within its bed- In the
summer* of 1897 a heavy continued
rain came just as the log drive had:
passed. The low lands were flooded
and from that time on for several
summers at the time the drive came
down the lands Vere flooded. The
people were not slow in demanding
that log driving on the Clearwater
river be done away with feeling
assured that the flooding would stop
if the river was left to its natural
For several years after the log
driving ceased, the hay on the mead
ows near the river bed could be cut
in season while those farther back
having no outlet ior surface water
would sometimes be wet during the
greater part of the summer.
About the year 1906 with the de
mand for roads and drainage ditches
growing there began the establish
ment of town", county or judicial
ditches, all of them emptying their
contents into the Clearwater river.
These ditches have been constructed
practically every year from that
I time op to the present.
I About the years 1909-10 the peo
pie along the river bottom began to
break and cultivate their land assum
ing they were safe from floods. A
(Continued on page 3.)
Thugs Rob Bootleggers a*
Each Side, is Ordina
Quick with "GP JA&\*
Run Greater Risks for Greater
Gains Make Life Miserable
For the Bootleggers
By James T. Kolbert
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Chapter III
Washington, Dec. 15 (United
Press) "Highjacking" is almost as
profitable at bootlegging.
The "highjacker" preys on the
bootlegger. He operates on land and
sea and is the nightmare of the boot
Traveling in gangs', heavily armed
the "highjackers" infest the recog
nized routes of bootleggers, robbing
'them not only of their cargoes of
contraband, but usually stripping
them down to their shirts.
Most of title "highjackers" are or
dinary thugs, running greater risks
for great gains. Other recruits, par
ticularly for holdup work on the seas
Fare found among the ranks of
younger men who thrill to the pi
rate's calling.
The water "highjackers" operate
as follows:
They employ small, fast vessels.
They lay in wait for a ibootlegging
craft bringing in a load of liquor.
When they spy such a ship, the "high
jackers" pretend to be revenue a
gents and give -chase. The bootleg
(Continued on page 3.)
T. bailey is Vice-President
and J. L. George Succee ds
Himself as Treasurer
John C. West, superintendent of
the Bemidji public school, was elect
'ed to the presidency of the local
'Kiwahis club at its regualr noon
meeting held Thursday at the Elks
club rooms.
T. C. Bailey was elected vice-pres
ident, to succeed Mr. West while
Jim George was elected to succeed
himself as treasurer. Dr. D. F. Mc
Cann, the retiring president, was
elected district delegate.
The following members were
chosen to act as trustees for the
coming year: Wm. Bowser, Dr. D.
L. Stanton, C. W. Vanderslius, J.
L. Elwell, Hallan Huffman, Ed
Boyce and Dr. McCann.
A committee consisting of Ed
Boyce and E. H. Jerrard was ap
pointed to take charge of a fund
subscribed by the club, to dole out
Christmas cheer to worthy families
if the committee finds any need for
such work. W- N. Bowser drew the
attendance prize.
There will be a special conclave
of the Elkanah Comandery tonight
at 8 o'clock in the Masonic hall.
Officers will be installed and drill
will be held. A large attendance
is desired. At the close off the meet
ing, lunch will be served.
in earnest a that time
A minstrel.
^A. tt^
"iilTai f^f^^^* A '&&&*&.
Ralph Gracie post of the Ameri- public place of business, shall be
can Legion met in Tegular session arrested by an officer of the law, who
may be cognizant of such offense
and further, it shall be the duty of
at the rooms of the' Civic and Com
merce association Thursday evening
and despite the small attendance, had all such officers, to arrest on com
fairly interesting business .session- plaint of one citizen, to arrest such
It was decided to tielay the member- offenders and take them before the
ship drive until after the holiday proper court. The court shall im-
rush and to go after more mebers pose a punishment at its discretion
..u..wt. staged lars, or imprisonment in the county
some time (Airin winter, WAS jail not#to exceed five days for each
also discussed again and some pro- offense provided, if said minor per-
gress was reported, although the son shall give information which may
chairman of the committee, Dr. D. F. (lead to the arrest of the person or
McCann was not present to report persons violating section two of this
personally. Reports were made on
Intervention by United States InEuropean Crisis Probable
Capture and Bind Passerby and
Hold im Prisoner While
They Make Getaway
(Br U*ltq Press)
If Present Practice Continues
Among the School Children
Arrests May Be Made
Smoking among school children of
this city has again reached the pro
portions that warrant action on the
part of the parents and police.
Glaring violations of the law have
been called to the attention of Sup
erintendent J. C. West and the school
Arrests may be made if the prac
tice continues and the board urges
the co-operatioh of parents and the
older students in discouraging the
knee-trouser lads from smoking cig
The law is specific and clear, and
Any person under 18 years of age,
any minor pupil, who shall smoke
or use cigarets, cigars, or tobacco
in any form on any public highway,
street, alley, park or other lands
used for public purposes, or in any
t. A
in the_ sum of not- tn excee(d tenn dolI
American Education Week, on the wny furnishing said minor person to-
pogram arranged by a committee bacco, and shall give evidence as a
of which F. P. Wirth was chairman, witness in such proceedings agajnst
The final report on Armistice Day said party or parties, the court shall
was also made. The next meeting-J have power tqsugpendjuch sentence
of the post will be held Dec. 28 against suc' minor person'
in giving or selling to, or in any
Lafakete,.Minn., Dec. 15Fou
armed bandits early today captured
and bound Einer Carlson on the
/streets here and held him prisoner
while they blasted and Ipoted the
vaults of the Fanners State bank.
The yeggs obtained about $1,000 in
cash and the contents of 160 boxes
in thesaftey deposit vaults.
Officials of the bank were unable
to estimate the value fsecurities
Three charges .of nitro glycerine
were used to open the vaults. The4sougbt
About 4 a. m-, Carlson, a printer,
was on his way home. The four men
stopped him, bound him and took him
tp the bank with them while they
worked, Carlson later freed himself
of his bonds and gave the alarm.
The sheriff^ of Nicollet and of
Brown counties were notified and
the police of the Twin Cities were
advised to be on the outlook for
ihe yeggs-
*&*, .%pAi.^- _^
!i "'I,
First Picture of Chilean Quake
Ruin and desolation like this at Vallenar was spread through Chile by te earthquake and tidal wave which
recently brought death and injury to thousands, wiping tout scores of villages and sweeping ashore many ships.
(Br United Press)
Paris, Dec. ISGermany is
planning another war with new
and deadly poisonous gases that
will penetrate any mask and an
especially designed aeroplane
charged with liquid that will an.
ihilate cities, Andrew Michelia,
speaking before a gathering of
political and industrial leaders,
(By United Press)
Washington, Dec 15^Represent-
ative Oscar Keller of Minnesota, au
thor of the impeachment resolution
against Attorney General Daugherty
defied the House Judnciary Commit
tee. He refused to appear before
the committee in answer to a sub
{poenaj (Issuance o| the subpoena
followed an acrimonious wrangle be
tween Keller and the committee last
night during which the congressman
to.read, a statement charg
ing that the inquiries thutf*ffhrbad
been a white-wash and announcing
he was through with the affair.
As the result of Keller's failure
to answer the subpoena, disciplin
ary action before the bar of the
'house was recommended by Repre
sentative Graham of Pennsylvania,
(member of the committee. Other
members favored delaying any such
action for a day to allow Keller more
time to appear.
(By United Press*
(By Llawrence Martin)
White Sulphur Springs, W. Va-,
Dec. 15The governors' conference
here will refuse to take a stand on
the Ku Klux Klan, it was definitely
decided today by the leaders of 17
state executives in attendance.
Governor Sproul of Pennsylvania,
chairman of the conference and oth
er members of the executive com
mittee flatly/ refused the demand of
Governor Parker of Louisiana that
the conference adopt resolutions on
both subjects.
Election of officer* will be
held by the Fifth DivUiori of
the Naval Militia at its regu
lar meeting to be held Monday
evening, December 18, at 7:30
o'clock at the new armory. All
members are ordered to be pres
An ensign and a lieutenant,
junior grade, are to be elected
and it it important that every
member of the unit be present.
(By United Press)
1 New York, Dec. 15-Mrs. Anna
Cataldo, 30, and her
^rr^^n'^"*^"" 'j" *"4 ijjv
Fred, 9,
were murdered in their Stflwell ave
nue home in Coney Island early to-1
day by an unknown assassin or as
sassins who stabbed them to death
and then set fire to the house, ac
cording to police reports.
The bodies of the two were dis
covered on the kitchen floor when
firemen answered an alarm and
found the place enveloped in flames.
Gas from jets, that apparently had
ien opened by a fiend, spread the
fire. The room was in disorder as
though the woman had put up a des
perate battle tor her life and that
of her small son. Police immediate
ly st|artedj an investigation. They
declared they possessed important
4- r
Bowen Warns Residents They
Must Use Every Means to
Obtain Substitute
(Br United Prsss)
St. Paul, Dec. 15With less than
ten days supply of anthracite coal
in Minnesota and no prospects of
relief within a month, Ivan Bowen,
state railroad and warehouse com
missioner, today warned residents
they must use every means to obtain
substitute fuel.
Sub-zero weather of the last few
day8 has brought on a serious sit
He said coal arrivals this year to
taled a little less than a third of
last year's arrivals. He said while
1071 coal cargoes were unloaded at
the head of the lakes last year, only
454 boats have been unloaded fchiV
year, and navigation is now closed.
The total coal supply of the north
west arrived at the head of the lakes
this year is 5,705,295 tons, last year
the total supply arrived was 10,164,
849. This year the anthracite total
ed only 566,362 tons, while last year
1,844, 642 tons arrived. This year
so far coal supply amounted to 5,-
138, 943 tons, and last year 8, 325,-
207 tons arrived.
The regular meeting of the I. O.'O.
F. will be held this evening at 8
o'clock at the K- C. hall and all mem
bers are Requested to be present as
there is work in the first degree-
Annual Report of Appointment
Division, Department of
Commerce, Made Public
Washington, Dec. 15.In his an
nual report for the fiscal year 1922,
the Chief of Appointment Division,
Department of Commerce, expresses
the opinion that low salaries of Gov
ernment employees and the restric
tion placed on promotion by the pro
visions of statutory positions are
largely responsible for the excessive
and therefore expensive turnover in
the service.
Giving a practical comparison bas
ed upon purchasing power, reference
is made to the fact that while be
tween 1913 and 1921 the cost of liv
ing had increased 58 per cent, the
purchasing power of the wages of
two large classes of industrial em
ployees had increased 51 and 30 per
cent, respectively, whereas the sal
aries of Government employees bad
received no adjustment other than
that given by the bonus, which was
entirely inadequate, providing for a
maximum of 30 per cent increase
for the lowest paid employee to none
in the case of those receiving $2,740
or more. Reclassification and read
justment of salaries are given as the
practical remedy.
The report also confutes the idea
generally prevailing that the average
Government employee takes 30 days
annual and 30 days sick leave every'
year. During the calendar year 1921
only 67 per cent of the Department's
employees used all their annual
leave, and only four per cent used
the maximum of annual and siclv
leave- i
Treasury Officials Preparing
Wipe Huge Sum from
Debit Side of Ledger
Government Financiers Ur ge
Holders to Exchange for
Treasury Certificates
Washington, Dec. 15 (United
Press).Owners of) War Savings
Stamps of the 1918 series will be
come eligible* January 1 to "cash in"
their stamps or certificates at full
value, $5-
Treasury officials are preparing to
wipe $625,000,000 from the debit
side of Uncle Sam's ledger, or trans
fer a part of it to another account
Two methods of redemption are
offered by the Treasury, cash re
demption or exchange for Treasury
certificates, similar to the stamp
The prereqisite to either method
of redemption is in the filling out of
"Form P. D. 750," copies of which
may be obtained at any postoffice,
from Federal Reserve Banks, from
the Treasury, and possibly from
local banks.
Holders of stamps who desire cash
must follow the following rules:
If their certificates are registered,
they must be presented to the post
office where registered, accompanied
by Form P. D- 760, as they are pay
able nowhere else.
If their certificates are unregis*
tered, they may be presented at any
moneyorder postoffice in the country
at any local bank, at any Federal
Reserve Bank or at the Treasury in
Washington accompanied by the nec
essary form. Unregistered certifi
cates are payable at any of these
Immediate cash redemption at
banks, however, is at the option of
the banks. Some institutions may de
(Continued from Page 4)
(By United Press)
Saskatoon, Sask, Dec. 15.The
ban on liquor exports goes on today
in Saskatchewan. The province on
Oct. 18th passed the order in council
requesting such action as provided
for by the temperance amendment
act of 1919. The requesting of the
dry order was kept secret for some
time to prevent a last minute scrsam
ble from whiskey runners along the
border to take advantage of the few
remaining wet days. It was feared
that highjacking, murders, etc. would
result if the rush started for heavy
Adventurers swarmed to Saskat
chewan when whiskey runners made
the export business immensely pro
fitable. In November there were six
licensed export liquor houses in the
province, two in Regina, three in
Saskatoon, and one in Moose Jaw.
It was estimated that their total
stock then was 65,000 gallons of
hard liquor with 50,000 more in gov
ernment bonded warehouses
The liquor can be stored two years
in government bonded warehouses
and most of the owners will take ad
vantage of this hoping for a reversal
of sentiment and return of the wet
The two children of Mr. and Mrs
Albert Berg of Nymore had a nar
row escape this forenoon when fire
which broke out about 10 o'clock,
destroyed the Berg home on Roose
velt avenue and Scott street, Fift
ward. Mrs. Berg is said to have
been at a neighbors' home and was
returning to her own house when
the fire was discovered, the house
then being in flames- The two
children are s?id to have been in bed
and their rescue was barely possible.
Nothing else was saved from the
house, the building and contents'be
ing a total loss. It is reported that
the house was the property of Koors
Bros, of this city, although a mem
ber of that firm stated that he knew
nothing of the fire shortly after noon
FIU 3c

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