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The Elk Mountain Pilot.
VOL. i. L. R. THOMPSON. F. W. FULLER. THOMPSON & FULLER, Beal Estate Ag’ts&Mine Brokers * v' *■ HAVE FOR SALE SOME OF THE BEST BTJSIITESS LOTS mßm . ILT TOWIST GOOD MINES NEGOTIATED. CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. » » F. W. FULLER, NOTARY PUBLIC. FOB BENT.—Three Urge burlnrsa Krwms iu Harding Bros.’ Block on Ninth st. Possesion given about July Ist. CORNWALL, CRAVEN & CORNWALL, TJ. S. DEPUTY MINERAL SURVEYORS, and ASSAYERS. SURVEYORS FOE TIIE TOWN OF IRWIN. Gunnison Co., - Colo. J F.H. KELLOGG, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, (MB. NINTH ST. AND AVENUE F, RUBY CAMP IRWIN P. 0., COLO. ft B. BAKER. GEO. SIMMONDS. BAKER & SIIKMONDS, LAWYERS, 4£-Mi?fixn Daw a SfKciAr,TV.*E* 0-TJi>r3sriBo^r,, - cqilo. AARON HEIMS, DAN A. NOBLE. Gunnison City. Ruby Cump. HEIMS $ NOBIE, i ATTORNEYS! I AND NOTARIES PUBLIC. PGunnison and Ruby, - Colo. CHAM. N. BAXTER, GEO. A. HAWLEY, Late of Bouton A Denver. Lute of Chicago BAXTER & HAWLEY, Attorneys and Counsellors i MINING LAW A SPECIALTY, OTTliTlsriSOlsr, COLO. 0 lots in GmmLon, Ruby, Irwin, Pitkin, Gothic, Crested Buth'A Mines in Itul.y Camp, Chalk Creek, Elk Mountain and Quartz Creul: Milling Dis tricts, Gunnison couuty, Colo. ' DUNN & MALONEY, Attorneys and* Counsellors at Law. 4«*Mining and Real Estate a Specialty."’*® ~ Ninth St., - - Irwin, Colo. " FRANK MCMASTER,! LAWYER, Gunnison, Coi.o. IDw. J!im O. Hoicl, PHYSICIAN and SURGEON. Irwin, Colo. ‘ JOHNM’CORMICK; BUILDBB AND CONTRACTOR. ■stlmstee made and plans drawn for all kinds of buildings. june24tf ~1el: Contractor Mb Builder ZjUMBXIR For sale, and orders taken for TABLES, DESKS, STOOLS, ETC. Seventh st., Oan. Postoffice, Irwin. Jnn»24lm* K. W. WOODS. WM. D. HIGHWORDKX WOODS & HIGHWARDEN, SHAVING & SifilNG 1 «. HAIR CUTTING A SPECIALTY. Ninth St., next door to Postoffice JOB PRINTING^! PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL 4D»e on Short Notice at Pilot Office. n if 'ft H. IE-A-IR/LE, SDRVEVORadASSAVEK. IRWIN, GUNNISON CO., COLO. L. M. BROWN, U. S. MINERAL STJZRATEI'Y'OIRj, Ninth Street, Opp. Hotel. lEWIIT, - - COLO. WALTER H. GRAVES, CIVIL EXG-I]NBSn And C. S. Deputy MINERAL SURVEYOR, (Late oj the U. S. Territorial Survey.) Cor. Ave. D. and Ninth St., Irwin. juno24lui* W. SC. Underwood, (Formerly Assintant to State Geologist.) ASSAYING, •V MINES EXAMINED, Mining Convcyaneer, Notary Publie. ALL WORK GUARANTEED. IRWIST, - COLORADO. Elk )tf MAIN SAliiiiN. lEWIN", COLO. WHISKIES! Wines, Brandies and Beer. JUST'Cigars a Specialty. JSSSyGive us a Call, j ta-CLI B ROOM ATTACHED.'^ BLAKEY & ROGERS, -PROPITS. COLLINS & DAUGHERTY, ' i RETAIL DEALERS IN 1 LIQUOR S ! Choice Wines, Cigars, Etc. Bet. Ninth Street, and Ave. F, Irwin. LEADEORDI CARRIER, Wines, Liquors ; THE BEST BRANDS OF CIGARS. Ninth St., Below '- Postoffice. Don't forget the old IPIOUSTIEIEIE?/ Saloon, where you can get a good drink of Willow Run or Mcßjayer Whisky. ~ —ETJLY— Health Office. Tenth St. Opp. Recorder’s Office. THE CHOICEST HORS IS THE CAMP. CIGARS A SPECIALTY. GIVE ITS -A. CALL. TJIsfKOISr BABY IRETIMT I BY TCENNIGES & RESQNER, r j Ninth St., Below Postoffice, Irwin. [ R.W. HESTON, Blacksmithing! HORSE SHOEING, A Specialty Made of Mining Tools, TENTH ST, BET. AVES. C a« P. IBWXOSr, - - COLO. IRWIN, (RUBY CAMP,) GUNNISON COUNTY, COLORADO, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1880. COLOSSAL FORTUNES. Individual Wealth in Ancient and Modern Times. Doubtless the* laboring classes of this day in all civilized communities are better housed, fed, clad, and paid than the same class at any other time in the history of the human race; yet there never was a time of greater dis satisfaction among workingmen. Dur ing the magnificent reign of Louis XVI. there was more extreme poverty in France than there is now in all Europe, Ireland included. The con dition of the emancipated Russian serf is far better than that of the French or German peasant two centu ries agp; and within the historical era there is no record of a time when fifty millions of the common people and poor were so comfortably situated as the fifty millions who now inhabit the United States. But if the condition of the poor has improved, the private fortunes of the rich have so increased as to utterly con found all attempts at comparison with the rich men of past ages. “As rich as Croesus ” has stood for an adage these twenty-three centuries. Yet Croesus was a king who devoted his whole energies to the acquisition of gold, and there is good reason to be lieve that we have not less than half a dozen men and women in this state who are richer in gold and its equiva lents than' this Lydian monarch. The richest man in Rome at the time of Ca:sar was Crassus. His fortune has been' carefully estimated by several historians, but never above $8,500,- 000 of our money. This is not much more than William H. Vanderbilt’s yearly income, and it is more than si,‘'ooo,coo below the appraisement or the fortune of the late William S. O’Brien, of this city. The Astor estate was valued ten years ago at $40,000,000. At a moderate rate of accretion—say 5 tier cent. —it must now amount to $60,000,000. The yearly income at the same rate is $3,000,000. This is a third more than the entire income of the monarch of the British empire, and a good deal more than the entire revenues of the English government 250 years ago. It is asserted that there are eight or ten English peers whose incomes each exceed the allowances of parliament 1 to the queen, and yet the richest men in England are commoners. Half a century ago the reputed wealthiest man in America was Stephen Girard, |of Philadelphia. His estate was ap- j praised below $15,000,000. There! are probably now. one hundred private foatunes in the United States each greater than 'Girard’s, and half dozen more than twice as great. In the pur chasing power of money the ancients had the advantage. A dollar would buy more a thousand years aga than five will now. Forty years back a man who had SIOO,OOO was rated as quite rich, and one of $500,000 phe nomenal. The latter class were not as numerous in this country as those of $5,000,000 are now. Of course there is not gold and sil ver enough in the world to represent the aggregate of these little private fortunes, nor a tithe oC them. They are invested in lands, houses, govern-! ment, / railway, bank, mining, and other stocks. The national bonds of; England, France, and the United j States cover nearly ten thousand mil- i hops, and the railway securities of the ! United States alone cover nearlydlve 1 j thousand millions. The largest pri vate landed estates are held in Spanish K.. 1 : i America, Mexico, Russia, England, : and the United States, but the largest lof all in the latter country, are by j , corporations. It is thought, and justly, j 1 a great hardship to the common peo- j pie of England and Scotland that the j i duke of Sutherland should own over j 1,200,000 acres, and many other 1 pnninent nobles more than 100,000 ; each. But there is one corporation in this country that has been granted ■ 49,000,000 acres, and sen 48,000,000, and two others, represented by less than ten men, 25,000,000 acres. At the time that Henry VIII. confiscated the estates of the Roman Catholic church in his dominions they did not amount to a tenth as many acres as the grant of congress to the Northern Pacific railroad, but they were enough to lay the foundations of the richest nobility in the world, and their reve nues to-day can hardly be less than $120,000,000. Reasoning from his tory and analogy,- the most stupendous private fortunes in the United States during the next fifty years will he real ized from the enormous land grants, now hardly worth $2.50 an acre, but hereafter as surely to be worth from SSO to SIOO as a dollar is worth one hundred cents. A corporation whose land grant covers, say 20*000,000 acres, and whose stock is to the extent of 90 per cent, in the hands of, say ten persons, if it can hold on to its lands for twenty or thirty years free of taxes, will have a property in land worth anywhere from $400,000,000 to 2,000,- 000,000 or $36,000,000 to $360,000*- 000 for each of its principal stock holders. These figures, though they at first thought seem to run into the region of fable, are not much more astounding than the exploits of the Vandeibilts, Astors and Packards al ready realized, Th? great landed estates of England are protected by laws of entail and primogeaniture, for bidden in the United States.—San Francisco Chronicle. A TENDERFOOT’S EXPERIENCE IN COMING TO RUBY. Mother Nature is in one, of her moods in tears for erring children. I suspect the sun is mildewed or done something wrong in heaven, and God has hidden His face; and while things are “ tiusly,” my mind reverting to a few STfert days ago, in happy exulta tion, to an extended trip to the now famous Ruby, in accordance with my wishes and desires, we (my concomi tant and your humble servant) com menced our trip to the land of milk and honey, in joyous expectation for a few months, just to pass away the summer, you know, for our health. So many resort to such a distant burg for health without it, you know, we would “cave,” and in consequence of our health, and desires joyous, happy, mind serehe, we commenced our trip from the terminus of railroad naviga tion, in a “coach” drawn in grand style by six magnificent stallions. On, on, our way, every moment in hor ror, looking for the keen scythe of the noble red man. Indians ! Ugh! I have a supreme regard for the red man, and being possessed of an expected reception from one or a dozen, as the case might be, had prepared for them. Coffee for two, you know ; two hun dred feeders and a pair of those re peating 17-timers. O, what ungrate ful wretches to entertain the noble red man without the necessary articles of barbarous utility. O, no; we were prepared for them —had heard of them before we started, and don’t .know whether we are sorry we could not, nor have had no chances as yet to, enter tain them; but think we would prefer! defering until, at least, we were out of. a pent up equipage. Arriving in “All Pine ” we found ’ we would be so crowded in the coach . ! to Ruby Camp, that we concluded by j 1 preference, we would rather keep 1 | company with “Shank’s mare,” al-; I ways so ready in an emergency, and . | in due time made purchase of one of | the necessary conveniences of this j wondferful country. What would we i do without them (the burro, I meah), for be did us such great service that memory in the distant future will re l cur in happy thought to “ Pacific ” ; that was the name of the burro, in ! consequence of our move toward i wealth and the Pacific slope. He 1 was very pacific, I found it out, for by venture I played circus in trying to i mount his posterior, he became pos- j sessed ofa desire to stand on his head. He missed me, and I thank Heaven I lived to wend my way to prosperity. We arrived in Virginia City and ; were so hospitably received, by our t j hostess, that in a few short hours, | with Morpheus, we were on our way ; etherial, into realms prepared for - those only whose fastedious nature ; prefered a shank trip rather than a [ week’s delay in a beautiful velley sur i rounded by “ All Pine ” and world’s ■ of wealth. In three days we were on our feet i and headed again for future felicity— . wealth. We were told we could find 1 ilit in Ruby. Wealth, you know —so | ; 1 we were also told—brings content- j i ment, and it happiness, and both ev j rything on earth. What would we ! .j give to be in Ruby ? An honest con . fession is good for the soul, and as tenderfeet we were, and in deference to these hills, our feet, or rather my feet, yielded to the swaying mon archs, and in low meekness and hum ble pity, we succumbed, and oh, I, say it with remorse, pe.eled from knuckle to joint, slowly,wearily down, down Taylor’s river, until at night our Pacific grew r so tired we camped under the canopy of the poor man’s tent, and again in a few short minutes in submissiveness yielded to rest —what a heaven of rest. We had headed with Sol to reach Uncle Tom’s cabin, beg pardon, Jack’s cabin, but too far, too far for oilr Pacific. At four o’clock, a. m., ere old Sol had arisen we were wending our nearly i spent energies toward our previous day’s anticipated destination and by eight o’clock the gilded mansion grew monstrous in the haze of the now burning day. Upon arrival we break-; fasted, and I, too sick, having as 1 was; aftenvards made aware, an attack of: the mountain fever, repaired to the j comforts of a bed. At nine my wea ried companion again set out,and I was to meet him at night at the “Buttes.” At 12 o’clock, by the kind care of the matronly Mrs. , *.vho adminis tered to an invalid’s wants in the shape of “ Sage Tea,” I was on foot and took stage to compensate for my getting on foot so soon. While on the way 1 espied my worthy companion with Pacific, and a dozen of others who had joined my aforesaid companion, trying a sort of “up hill ” game, or in other w'ords trying to climb a Colorado hill, at an angle of about 40 degrees. At six he with trusty Pacific reached the Buttes, and found, to our surprise, a neat, cosey hotel, the Forest Queen, 1 and there, too, found one of those good, kindly angles, which if the world was without would render all i . . I stagnation. Mrs. B. administered to; my wants, unsolicited, which made it j more than pleasant, and soon I was j with the spirits, hovering in supreme j regal guise, monarch of all I surveyed. In the morning, quite refreshed from the supper of the previous eve, j J and (tender) feet bathed, I repsirat] !to the dining room and partook of a I bountiful repast, and after my com-1 pan ion and myself had settled our bills, commenced what we hoped would soon be over, our journey to Ruby, which place we reached by 12 o’clock noon. We entered the town of Irwin, which is Ruby camp proper, j ! through a concourse of people,, all 1 i busy building, and found to our j surprise, quite a thrifty looking place, J numerous parties congregated on either j side of the principal thoroughfare, ’ Ninth street, who eyed us in marvel, | for surely we were the two most -de- J lapidated, care-worn, weary looking j individuals that ever set foot in Ruby, i Thank God, the goal is reached, our trials overhand trip ended. We soon found shelter under a convenient roof, and are now citizens of the town. ! Success to us is our hope, and to all | those who labor as long as we did, 1 being from five days to as many Weeks endeavoring with perseverance and : persistence to reach the richest ruby silver mining camp in the world; also success to our town, which frsm the outlook bids fair to outrival the famous i Leadville. Tenderfoot. f i The Elk Mountain Pilot will be t sent to any address for $3 a year. Single copies, in wrappers, ten cents each. MINING LAWS. The following three important ex* j tracts from the mining laws now id j force may be of interest to many mind i owners: ™ ! Where two or tiiore veins intersect or cross each other, priority of title shall govern, and such prior, loeMiort shall be entitled to all ore or mineral ’ contained within the space of inter* j section ; but the subsequent location i shall have the right of way through : the space of intersection for the pur ; pose of the convenient working of the i mines, and where two or more veins unite, the oldest or prior location shall take the vein below the point of union* including all the space of intersection* • Where a person or company has or may run a tunnel for the purpose of i developing a lode or lodes, owned by said person or company* the money so expended in said tunnel shall be taken and considered as expended on said lode or lodes; and such person of company shall not be required to per form work on the surface of said lode or lodes in order to hold the same. Where non-mineral land not con-- tiguous to the vein or lode is used of occupied by the proprietor of such vein or lode for mining or milling purposes, such non-adjacent surface ground may he embraced and included in an application for a patent for such vein or lode, and the same may be' patented therewith, subject to the same preliminary requirements as to . survey anji notice as are applicable to ; veins and lodes; but no location here* ! after nude of such non-adjacent land i shall exceed five acres, and payment ! for the same must be made at the same rate as fixed by this chapter for the superfices of the lode. The owner of a quarz mill or reduction works, not owning a mine in connection there with, may also receive a patent for his) mill site as provided in this section. Mr. J. S. Buell, a mine engineef* writes that he considers the greatef the upheaval, the nearer to the surface is the mineral found. It is also richer. It therefore costs more to develop A mine in a comparatively low altitude than it does in a high one. That b because returns are greater and quick er in the latter place than the former. The exceptions to this, claimed as a general law, are found only in vein* irregular or faulty in character, Mr. Buell claims the paximum of vein discovery will be reached at 12,- | 000 feet above sea-level. Up to that | level, he states that experience has de-- | monstrated that the less will be the | proportionate cost of the primary dc-- | velopment to make the mine self-sus taining. This is the position assumed ' by Mr. Emerson in regard to the mine* jeworked by his company in Clear Creek j county, Colorado. Mr. Buell says of elevatftn and capi i tal that the relations are as follows: Ku|iii<va cn|>it»4 Abov© wa level. f.,r one wine, 11,000 feet (iOO/XX? 0,000 feet . 300,009 7,000 feet 400,000 5,0()i Lfeet 800,000 i 3,01 NO feet 600,000 | feet . 701,000 j Professor Thomas Eg lest on read a paper before the members of the New i York Academy of Science, on the origin of gold .‘Uggetts, and of alluvial gold deposits. He said that all placer deposits were in sands, which were alluvial, apd of two kinds, shallow and deep. The deep placer deposits of ' California averaged thirty to forty ! cents per square yard. The time would come .when the “tailings," which now are wasted, would be worked to greater advantage than much of the lighter deposits. In dis cussion with J. S. Newberry, President of the Academy, Professor Egleston affirmed t.he solubility of gold* and stated that the large nuggets were formed by a process of chemical de posit. The sjieaker exhibited a largp number of vials containing gold com ' bined with its amalgamates, the result of many months experiment, which illustrated the theory of chemical de posit. Starch has no sale uv Irwin. l NO. h