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ELK MOUNTAIN PILOT.
CRESTED BUTTE. COLO. CHAS. L. ROSS, - Proprietor. The salutes fired in honor of Dewej will be heard round the world. It Is freely prophesied that the plow trust will run against a stump. No man is to be praised for giving away the things he’s unable to use. The man who is shadowed is apt tc have a good deal of light cast on his character. A good housewife never wastes good bread by trying to transform it into bread pudding. It would be interesting to know whether Andree’s latest message was found In a bottle or in a pipe. While we have some advantages in the Philippines, we admit that Agui naldo has the run of the Islands. A Beardstown baseball club is named for Admiral Dewey, but that did not prevent the Frederick nine from ‘wax ing” it by a score of 15 to 5 a few days ago. At the twenty-sixth national confer ence of charities held at Cincinnati last week, Geo. Torrence of Pontiac 111., delivered an address on the relatior of the cigarette to crime. After recit ing his experience with boys coming to his institution. Mr. Torrence said: “I am sure cigarettes are destroying and making criminals of more of then: than the saloons.” In his reformatorj now there are 278 boys. “Of 63, aver aging 12 years of age, 58 were clgaretU smokers; of 133, averaging 14 years oi age, 125 were cigarette smokers; of 82 averaging 15 years, 73 were cigaretti smokers." In the light of more recent events It appears that “Cuban honor” is more a matter of official restraint than any thing else. So long as the Cuban sol diers were obedient to Instructions, the exchanging of their guns for American gold was a most degrading transac tion, but when they broke away from their officers, the more gold they could get, gun or no gun, was evidence of their shrewdness. The Cubans are not much unlike the Spaniards, for, come to thjnk of it, the Dons parted with the Philippines for less than 1 per cent of what Spanish honor originally demanded. I On that memorable May morning, the anniversary which has recently been celebrated as Dewey day. a little powder boy on the fiagßhip was put In chains for leaping Into the water, against orders, to recover his coat. Admiral Dewey, kindly questioning the boy, discovered that the photograph of his mother was In the pocket of the Imperiled jacket, and it was that that led the lad to risk life and violate or- j ders. The admiral’s eyes filled with tears, as he exclaimed, "A boy who loves his mother enough to risk his life for her picture cannot be kept In chains on this fleet!” and the lad was Instantly released. Chief of Police Devery of New York, j when examined by the Mazet commit tee concerning the Fltzsimmons-Jef fries battle, declared that he saw noth ing that was not strictly scientific and within the law. The knockout blow, said the observant chief, was a “scien tific tap,” and happened to catch Mr. Fitzsimmons a little off his balance, thus causing him to fall gently and easily to the floor. Battles with axes or cleavers would probably be con demned by Chief Devery, but the heav iest blows struck by such burly men as Jeffries and Fitzsimmons are only “scientific taps,” and no violation of the statutes. Exports of merchandise from the United States to China In the fiscal year about to end will be larger than those of any preceding year In our his tory. A decade ago the exports tc China were less than $3,000,000, and tc China and Hongkong combined were little over $6,000,000. In the fiscal yeai 1899 our exports to China will be more than $13,000,000. and to Hongkong more than $6,000,000, making a total to Chins and Hongkong of over $20,000,000, oi more than three times as much a.‘ that of a decade earlier. That the bulk of exports to Hongkong may properl} be considered as ultimately destined for consumption in China is shown by the fact that the official reports of the imports Into China show that over 44 per cent of their imports are from the port of Hongkong. The 1899 export? to China and Hongkong combined will show a gain of nearly 25 per cent over those of last year, while the total ex ports from the United States for the fiscal year 1899 will be little if auy In excess of those of last year, thus show ing a more rapid growth in our ports to this particular part of the world than elsewhere. Gen. Gomez is probably right In his remark that the three million dollars partially intrusted to his care has been a curse to him. Excessive amounts are a curse to anybody. Look at An drew Carnegie and shun such respon sibility as you would an adder. Excessive opposition to trusts would bar out the department stores; and how long might It bo before the oppo sition would go down to any partner ship of two men? It is difficult in these cases to knc'4 where to draw the tine. NEWS FROM THE WESTERN REGION. Mrs. Edna Higgins of La Veta, the well-known temperance worker of Colorado, died on the 27th. The President Ims appointed Louis A. Knackstcdt of Colorado to of the Southern Ute Indians. The Buckeye mill, located near Mag nolia, Boulder county, was destroyed by fire last week. The loss is estimated at $50,000. Frank A. Wadlelgh. general passen ger and ticket agent of the Rio Grande Western, has sent in Ills resignation. George W. Heintz will take his place. Clarence F. Johnstone of Cheyenne has been appointed an assistant in the irrigation department of the Agricul tural Bureau at a salary of $1,500 year ly- A $30,000 fire occurred at Windsor, Colorado, on the stli, by which the en tire plant and stock of the Windsor Milling Company was destroyed. It was insured for only $15,000. The James Doyle contempt case will not be disused of until the September term of the court of appeals. The millionaire miner will remain in jail at Colorado Springs during the warm weather. Rural free delivery postal service has been established at Morrison, Jeffer son county, with one carrier. George C. Strickland, to take effect July sth. The service will cover an area of eight miles and serve 400 persons. Offieers of the Western Slope Hunt ing Association are arranging elabo rate plans for their second nnnual lion hunt, to be held at Deßeque. and they have called upon General Passenger Agent Bailey of the Colorado Midland to announce that the hunt will be held October 25th this year, instead of in December, as in IS9S. The Uniter States Supreme Court has remanded the ease of the United States vs. The IUo Grande Dam and Irriga tion Company back to the Third Dis trict Court of New Mexico to inquire to what c.vtent the dam at Elephant Butte would interfere with the naviga bility of the Rio Grande at its lower extremity near El Paso. Jesse M. Smith of Layton. Utah, president of the Utah Wool Growers’ Association, and Senator Arthur Brown of Salt Lake City are on their way to Washington, where they ex pect to protest to the Interior Depart ment against the recent order of the government forbidding the pasturing of sheep on the forest reserve of the Uintah reservation. The illumination of Pike's Peak, so Tar ns the work on the summit was con cerned. was a success. A hard battle with the elements was fought, but the program was carried out. Fifteen hun dred pounds of red, white aud blue powder were burned, but the clouds hung so low over the mountain that the light could not be seen as far as had been expected. The Colorado Telephone Company has been extending Its lines outside of Denver and Colorado considerably. A toll station at Buena Vista was added to the long distance system last week aud within the next two weeks several more stations will Ik* established in small towns about the state*. An ex change of fifty subscribers has recently been opened at Raton, New Mexico. The Fourth was a great day for the people of Cripple Creek and Victor. The weather was ideal, and there was In attendance on the principal day of the celebration a bigger crowd than has ever before congregated In the great gold camps. Fully 30,000 people par ticipated In the festivities, and in one of the most enjoyable celebrations ever arranged on tin* nation’s birthday. Something peculiar in the monthly report of the Board of Health, which will be Issued in a few days. Is the fnet that for June the number of deaths of women about equaled those of men. This is very unusual, as a glance through the records of the Health Department will show. In Mu.v eighty-four males and lifty-one females composed the deaths, and In April the ratio was 111 to sixty-six. The workings of the Vulcan mine at Newcastle are becoming so hot that work is almost Impossible. The Im mense fans are running at full speed to drive out the great volumes of gas thrown off. The fire in the vein is liable to break out at any moment. The management is rushing the work men in an attempt to get out all the coal possible, but the danger is very great and n shut-down must come soon. Grefct clouds of smoke Issued from all the smoke stacks of the Bimetallic smelter Tuesday morning, showing that once more the plant was In full blast. Applications for work had been coming in steadily, and Superinten dent Nutting found tlint he had suffi cient men to blow In Ids third and last furnace. There are 180 men on the smelter pay roll to-night. They are working in three shifts. Four hundred and fifty tons of ore a day is handled. It now seems possible that the Strick ! ler tunnel, to supply water for Colorado Springs, may Ik? completed by the time snow files. It Is announced that the work on the west cud. which was abandoned last fall, will In* commenced again. It is thought that the water now in tin* tunnel can be pumped out In about ten days. The present short age of city water is considered by many as a proof that the tunnel should be finished without delay because of financial misunderstandings or auy other cause. Train No. 1 on the Midland Terminal, which left Colorado Springs at 7:20 Monday morning, was brought to a complete standstill by caterpillars. It was on a steep grade a fe r miles from Cripple Creek. The train was moving clowly. the engine puffing great clouds of black smoke out upon the? mountain nir, when suddenly the* wheels began to revolve with great rapidity. The train stopped, and the engineer and Sicilian discovered that immense cater pillars covered the rails completely for * distance of about 100 yards. Manager Fitting of the Lafayette mine at Victor has received returns on nart of the big shipment sent out from Shat property last week, giving 12.07 Atiuces per ton. The consignment ' Amounted to sixty tons and three tons of this is very high grade. The re turns on this grade was not received, but that on the bulk would clush it also as high grade. The fifty-seven tons gave returns of 12.07 ounces to the ton. This is the mineral taken from the up per levels of the property and included uone of that taken from the new find. The Colorado Midland does not pro pose to use the “overhead” lint* at Ha german pass, even for the tourist travel of the season. All of Its trains arc now using the Busk tunnel, which runs under the pass, and which recent ly was secured by the Midland from the Dutch owners. The line crossing the peak will not be kept in repair and will gradually Ik? torn up, it is said, as its abandonment is complete. There was some talk of using the line in the summer months for the benefit of tour ists, but the conclusion was reached that the travel will not justify the ex pense of keeping the Line open. There Is no change in the situation of tlie Baldwin coal miners’ strike. JYes ident Van Mater of the Alpine Coal Company was there Sunday and went up to the Baldwin to confer with the men. He made them a proposition of paying the old scale of wages—(ls t i nts per ton for forked coal—for the next two months, until he could get new coal contracts, offering to replace the forks which they had destroyed two weeks ago without charge. The union held n consultation and declined the offer, re fusing to mine any forked coal. They offered to mine shovel coal for 55 cents. The president declined, and thus the matter stands. Both sides are firm and there seems to lie no chance of settlement. The miners are in poor circumstances, as they have worked scarcely any since January Ist. Num bers of them are leaving and only about fifty, remain in the camp. The grading of the new Burlington railroad from Alliance, Nebraska, to Ilartvllle, Wyoming, is being pushed rapidly. Between Alliance and Camp Clark, on the North I'latte river, men ami teams are as thick and busy as Hies. Some heavy work is necessary on this portion of the line, especially Just this side of Camp Clark, where fills of seventy feet deep will have to be made. From Camp Clark up the river through Scott’s Bluff country, the grading Is practically completed to the Wyoming line, a distance of sixty miles. From the Wyoming state line to Ilartvllle the cross-sectioning lias been completed and the grading work will begin at once. The road from Al liance to Ilartvllle will be in running operation by tlie Ist of September some sny the 20th of August. It Is un derstood here that grading will begin on the line to Brush, Colorado, via Sid ney, Nebraska, and Sterling. Colorado, by the Ist of August, from Inith ends of the line, and that tin* Ist of Novem ber will see the Burlington & Missouri trains of the new fine entering Denver. The garding of the Brush line would be now in progress had it not been for the Rudden necessity confronting the Burlington & Missouri of heading off the Union Pacific from Herahey by an Immediate building of the Hartvllle branch. Ten persons were Injured, none of them fatally, at 0:13 o’clock Tuesday morning by a wreck on the Colorado Midland of a Denver & Rio Grande train at Busk, eight miles west of Leadvllle. The most seriously injured is J. G. Brennan, the conductor, three of whose ribs were broken. A mud slide in the canon of tlie Grand river on the Denver & Rio Grande has com pelled that road to use the tracks of the Colorado Midland from New Castle Into Leadvllle. The wrecked train was the first section of the through train No. 2, bound for Denver. It had Just come out of the Busk tunnel. On a curve at tlie head of a steep hill, beside a steep embankment 200 yards from the tunnel’s mouth, the train left the track. It was going not more than twelve miles an hour at the time and this probably prevented a more serious wreck. None of the couplings that link ed the ditched cars to those on the track parted. This prevented the cars from rolling down the embankment. It Is presumed that a broken rail was the cause, although of this the officials of neither the Midland nor tin* Rio Grnnde are certain. The engine re mained on the track, but tin* mail, baggage, smoker and one chair car went into the ditch, while the trucks of a second chair ear and of one sleeper were wrenched loose. The other sleep ers were not damaged. The weekly crop bulletin of tlie Weather Bureau contains the follow ing information: "The mean tenijiern ture has been above normal north of the divide, with the greatest excess, 2 degrees a day. In the vicinity of Denver. In other parts of the state practically normal tempera ture conditions have prevailed. Muxi inuin temperatures ranging between 85 degrees and 08 degrees were general on the last thrt*e tla.vß of June: the closing days of the week, however, were cool. Since the majority of the reports were mailed light showers have fallen east of the mountains, in San Luis park and the central and south western parts of the state. Fine grow ing weather has prevailed on the west ern slope, and a material advancement in crops is reported. The first crop of alfalfa is being secured in lint* condi tion, but the yield Is somewhat dis appointing. Sugar beets are being ex tensively cultivated, and the results already attained demonstrate the adaptability of the soil and climate to this crop. Ranges continue fair, and rain would be beneficial in most sec tions. East of tin? mountains Irrigated crops are improving slowly, but in lo cality on the uplands, where irriga tion Is not practiced, many fields are practically ruined. Corn and the second crop of alfalfa art* in good condition and making satisfactory progress. Winter wheat is being harvested in parts of the Arkansas valley, and. though the yield is only fair, the qual ity Is excellent. A few early fields of fall wheat are beginning to turn. In the localities visited by showers last week the range is reported fair or im proving slowly; but generally it is very poor and much stock is being fed. The conditions in the San Luis valley are summarized ns follows: ‘Water scarce and outlook for crops poorest for years.’ ” GOSSIP FROM DENVER AND THE STATE CAPITOL. A boy was killed at Denver on Fri day by touching a live electric light wire. Twenty-four recruits from Cleve land. Ohio, and adjoining cities, bound for the Philippines, started n small riot in the Union depot Friday after noon. They had been drinking. With the acquisition of six new postal clerks the Denver postoffice will commence to operate now on the basis of an eight-and-one-lialf-ho’Jr schedule, a reduction of two and ouf-lmlf hours in tlie working time of each clerk, an eleven-hour schedule having been in effect previously. Clerks handling the re-recording of stock brands in the office of the secre tary of state are swamped with thous ands of letters from brand owners who want to comply with the new law. The office is sixteen days behind in brand work and if the heavy mail continues, tlie end will be many days ahead. Denver seems to stand in need of a Lexow investigation. Thomas W. Baird, an ex policeman and gambler, who Is charged with shaking the plum tree and securing sllO from Cllngman and Moore, the colored gamblers who wanted “protection” from the district attorney’s office, has been arrested on the charge of obtaining money under false pretenses. The closing of the arguments upon the constitutionality of the eight-hour law in the Supreme Court Friday was marked by addresses by Attorneys J. M. Waldron In opposition to its consti tutionality and T. M. Patterson In fa vor of the law. The Supreme Court ad journed until the 3rd, at which time a decision is hoped for, but scarcely expected. The city fathers both of Denver and of Globeville believe that prize fights should Ih* a source of revenue to the town. The Denver hoard of aldermen and the Globeville town council have passed ordniances providing for an an nual license for all athletic clubs un der whose auspices glove contests for prizes are held. In Denver the amount of license Is lixetl at $1,500 a year; in Globeville at SI,OOO. Governor Thomas will give out for publication in a day or two the deter minations of the State Board of Equal ization which have been finally agreed upon. Some weeks ago it was stated that the hoard would succeed in raising railroad valuations about $10,000,000. A graduated increase has been made, but the total lias not been by any means sufficiently increased, one of the members said yesterday, to provide anything like tin* ninodnt of revenue needed to meet appropriations. An idea of how bard the force of men in the baggage rooms at tlie Union depot have had to work is gathered from the monthly statement of pit*ct*s handled In the rooms during June. The heavy tourist travel, coupled with the Increased summer business, has kei*t the force of men on the hustle. During June 27,212 pieces of baggage were re ceived and 28,770 pieces forwarded. This makes a total of 55,088 pieces hnn ti!. .i during tin- month, <*r nearly 2rf)oo pieces each day. July promises even much heavier travel, the number of pieces of baggage handled during the first four days exceeding that of tin* corresponding days In June. The District Court, in an opinion hnndetl down by Judge Rucker, sus tained George W. Temple, the state su perintendent of Insurance, in his action revoking tin- charter of the National Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Denver. Mr. Temple made application to the court some time ago for a writ of certiorari to compel the Insurance company to certify to the court a trans cript of all business transacted by the company. The writ was issued and a hearing had. Judge Rucker taking the matter under advisement. In the opin ion of tlie court the state superintend ent of insurance did not nbuse his dis cretion in revoking the charter of the company. lie pursued the course re quired by law in the mnttcr.it is stated. An Increase of $4.123.508 has been made by the State Board of Equaliza tion in the valuation of railroads, street railways, sleeping ear compa nies. telephone nml telegraph compa nies. foreign and Independent ears. In all these lines only two decreases were made. The largest Increase was over $1,250.9 m' on the Union Pacific property. The one big decrense, that of the Colorado & Southern valuation and the increase In the Union Pa cific’s valuation Is explained In part by the fact that the Julesburg road, 151 miles long, which was last year Included in the Colorado & Southern’s assessable property, has been trans ferred to tlie Union Pacific road. The Increase is intended to be a 10 per cent, raise, which is 0 per cent, higher than the valuation of 1807. Governor Thomas will issue a statement show ing comparisons between the railroads and propetry valuations in Arapahoe, El Paso and other counties. On street railways, the valuations of the Denver companies were raised $100,560, the Denver Consolidated Tramway alone being raised $114,301. and valued at an even $650,000. The 4-mill tax on s4,o<X>,ooo will be only a small drop in the empty treasury buck et. so that this action of tlie board will not serve to prevent an extra ses sion. The increase is from $30,000,000 to $34,000,000. There will be no decision in the eight hour test cases before the Supreme Court for some days, but from yester day’s deliberations by the Slate Board of Arbitration the smeltermen have been led to hope that a settlement of the wage scale will soon come. Ex- Governor Grant met with the smelter men and the State Board of Arbitra tion Wednesday, talked the situation over, explained Ills position and agreed to meet with the hoard again on Fri day at 2 o’clock, when the matter will be further discussed. The delay Is part ly on account of tlie fact that President Nash of the American Smelting and Refining Company will not arrive in town until Friday morning. By his evasive answers Governor (irant in a manner corroborated President Byers of the arbitration board, who an nounced that in conference a condition al agreement had been reached. The three members of the board, Governor Grant and Attorney Henry Colien for smeiiermen were the five who at tended the conference, which occurred during a recess of tlie board and lasted an hour. The conditional agreement is said to be tlie result of a desire by governor Grant to show that he is just as anxious for a settlement as the smeltermen. The agreement is, It is said, to submit the wage scale to the adjustment of the arbitration board. The condition is that President Nash of the American Smelting and Refining Company sli»Il agree to such a course. President Nash so far has been under stood to be opposed to auy outside in terference. So far ns heard from there will be five pyrltic furnaces, with a total ca pacity of 1,000 tons per day, erected this season, without including the for ty-ton furnace in Cliaffee county, which some one safe is to In* built. One of these will be in Leadvllle, one in Gilpin county, one at Kokomo, and one at the Sedalia mine, in Cliaffee county. The fifth is to be erected at Tomielii, Gunnison county, by the Granite Moun tain Gold Mining Company, which it is said lias developed a world of low grade sulphide ores through Its long tunnel, which assures a constant sup ply of ore for tlie smelter. Ground lias been broken for the foundation and it is reported that the furnace will be completed ready for operation before snow Hies. It lias been thought by some that the erection of so many pyrltic furnaces would have an unfavorable effect upon the general smelters, and therefore an experienced smelterer was asked wlmt would be tlie effect upon existing smelters of the multiplication of tills class of furnaces. “We could not ask for anything better for us,” was the reply, “than to have pyrltic smelters erected at every cross-roads, for tin* matte would have to come to us and the iron contained Is a desirable smelting product. This class of fur naces treats ores that cannot be han dled at a profit by the regular smelters, so that the matte we get from them is a net gain nml Is very desirable, as it is destitute of silica and gives us a very comfortable excess of iron. We are always glad to get concentrates from which the silica has been elim inated. and pyrltic smelting Is simply another form of concentration.” According to statistics gathered by Secretary of State Beckwith for Judge Moses Ilallett of the United States court in this city. It is shown that there arc 10,773 corporations on the books of the state. Deducting tlie odd number for expiration by limitation, the secre tary says there are 10,000 corporations doing business within tin* state with out paying one cent to the state for that privilege. In many of the eastern states the corporations are taxed from $lO to $25 annually and not one in stance has ever been recorded against the payment of the tux excepting «n the ease of the Standard Oil Company against tlie state of Pennsylvania, and It Is generally known that that vast trust opposes every tax. no matter how Just It may be. Judge Ilallett Is making a study of tlie business of cor porations within the state for Ills per sonal information and req lies toil the figures so that he may be posted on tin* subject. Secretary Beckwith lias adopted tlie system of notifying each corporation ns its life expires that if It cares to resume It may do so within a year under tlie new law by the pay ment of the regular incorporation f»*e now charged for original tiling. Jle hopes in that way to bring iuto the state treasury a revenue that has other wise been permitted to lapse. “I hope to bring the revenues of the office up to $200,000 for the two years of my term,” said tlie secretary yesterday, “and while there can be little soliciting of business, I intend to do as much ns It is piisslble. If tin* Legislature would but tax each one of these corporations annually there would never lie n ne cessity for an extra session, which I strongly oppose, no matter what may be the emergency.” The United States branch,, mint in this city, for the fiscal year just ended, reports the largest sum total of gold receipts In the annals of the institu tion. For the twelve months the gold received and paid for at this mint foots up $21,144,247, compared with $10,240,- 441.03 in tin* fiscal year ending June 30, 1898, which was a period of excep tional activity in mining for gold and in metallurgical Improvements, the latter lx*lng responsible for at least one-third of the gain. The increase In this fiscal year compared with its immediate predecessor, reads $4,903,- 795.07, or 30.2 per cent., about equiva lent to South Africa’s wonderful gaiu in the first five months of the present year, compared with the correspond ing period In 1808. It is thus seen that Colorado, taken ns a gold produc ing district, stands close to the front, with the promise of even more rapid gains in the near future, ns gold strikes are of daily occurrence in all parts of the state while placer mining with dredges has but just commenced. For the month of June the mint pay ments foot up $1,250,088.12, com pa red with $1,158,247.43 in June. 1898. The gain reads $97,840.09, or In excess of 8 per cent. For tlie calendar year 1898 tin* Denver mint, paid out $20,107,- 973.72 for gold and $28,021.92 for silver, making $20,195,995.04 all told. Tills was tin* next largest total to the one herein reported for the fiscal year ending to-day. Of tills figure $19,- 594.70 in gold, and $22,820.61 in silver, was credited to Colorado mines, while districts foreign to Colorado, such as Alaska, Arizona, Mexico, Nevada. New Mexico, Utah, South Dakota and Wyo ming, contributed $074,025.04 in gold and $4,804.53 in silver. In other words, of the total gold received and paid for during 1898 at tlie Denver branch mint, a fraction of over 3 per cent, was credited to outside sources, leaving 97 per cent, for the Colorado mines. When coinage is established in this city the deposits from outside camps will show a rapid gain. Under present circumstances, with the chief market for bullion In New York city, a large proportion of the western retorts aud bullion bricks are forwarded by ex press. _ I PORTO RICO SCHOOLS. CHILDREN STUDYING ENGLISH They Eagerly Welcome It and so Do Their Teachers—They Honor the American Flag. “When I reached Porto Rico I found the educational activities of the island wore based on the Spanish school law of 1857, as modified by later royal de crees,” said General John Eaton, who has Just returned from Porto Rico, where he was charged with the respon sible duties of reorganizing the public schools. "The educational work em braced what may be called the ele mentary, auxiliary aud rural schools, a school of Industry, a normal school for girls and a collegiate Institute for boys. The cost of maintaining the Bchool of Industry, the normal school and the collegiate institute was paid from the insular treasury, as they call it, and the expenses of the elementary and rural schools were paid by the mu nicipalities, of which there are some seventy in the island. ‘‘The question of introducing Eng lish was a delicate one. There were those who thought it would create ir ritation, but the plan adopted was the natural one. A reader In English waa' put into the schools aud the pupils 1 were assigned regular lessous In this simple reader. The island was divid into sixteen divisions aud a supervis ing teacher in English was assigned to each division, who visited each Bchool and saw that the-English was correctly pronounced. These supervis ing teachers were selected from among Americans who resided in Porto Rico and the soldiers who were sent there from the United States, ulthough it was necessary in a few instances to send to this country for assistants. "The English reader we adopted Is very simple, and the native teachers are required to use it. The supervisor assists tlie native teachers in pronounc ing the English words. There are not fewer than 10,000 children now learn ing English, and insteud of opposition to the introduction of our language there is a great desire for it. The regu lar teachers are pleased that they have an opportunity to learn it, and the children take to it with speclnl inter est. Writing in English was also In troduced, and patriotic songs in Eng lish, Including ‘The Borinquen,’ the na tional air of Porto Rico. One of the most delightful things down there was the presentation of national flags to each school by the Lafayette post of the Grand Army of the Republic in New York. Now a visitor who goes Into the schools of Porto Rico will find the flag saluted in English with ns much enthusiasm and as beautifully as anywhere In the United States. Tho school children sing tlie American airs witli a gn*at deal of enthusiasm. “Under the old Spanish law,” contin ued General Eaton, “education was compulsory. That is, children between the ages of 0 and 9 years were com pelled to attend schools. It will be our purpose to extend the limit and compel attendance between the ages of 6 and ‘ 10. The children did not get enough education to benefit them. The new scheme of Instruction embraces only American Ide.is, from the kindergarten up, including normal schools, both men tal and manual training, and a profes sional school. ’Two languages will be taught—English nnd Spanish—but the Spanish will be more pure Castilllan than In the past. All sectarian instruc tion has been withdrawn from the schools, ns under our constitution It could not be continued. Tlie people ara in favor of excluding religious Instruc tion from the public schools. “I had to adapt American principles and methods of education to the condi tions in Porto Rico. As I have stated, I was able to find among the American soldiers and residents many persons competent to act as Instructors in Eng lish, but various municipalities have asked for teachers in addition to those provided by the insular government. There Is one school in Ponce known as the American school, and it is very popular. Not a few children are slie<U ding tears because they cannot obtain admission to it.”—Chicago Record. ( !>*<•«< la the Philippine* Is bound to prove profitable. Warrlnp conditions, whether in the Philippine! or in the human stomach, are disas trous. If your stomach has rebelled, there is oik? authority that will sub due It. It is Ilostetter’s Stomach Bit ters, and cures constipation, indiges tion and dyspepsia. See that a private revenue stamp covers the neck of th« bottle. “Doesn’t your son Inherit his flghtinf qualities?” “Yes: but don’t refer to that he got them from his mother.” "He That Stays 1 Does the Business /I AH the ‘worldadmires “staying power.* I On this quality success depends. The blood is the best friend the heart has. Hood's Sarsaparilla is the best friend the blood ever had: cleanses it of everything, gives perfect health and strength. THOUSANDS KILLED. ( 11 Every Sheet NK/* . DUTCHERS’ FLY KILLER rids the house of thousands of Files. thus affording peaoe while you cot and the comfort of a nap . In the morning. Ask your Drug m » gist oy Grocer. PRID'L EUTCKBR DRUG C0.,8l ilhaos, Tt. 1,000 NEWSPAPERS Are now using our Intornational Type-High Plates Sawed to LABOR-SAVING LENGTHS. They will save time In your composing rvtom as they can be handled even quicker than type. No ex tra charge Is made for sawing plates toahort lengths. Send a trial order to this office and he convinced. WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION, DENVER. COLO.