Newspaper Page Text
m MOUNTAIN PILOT,
Crested Butte, Colo. ZIIAS. L. ROSS, - - Proprietor. THE BIBLE AS A WAR CODE. How It Han Been Eniployod In iii« Mouth African Cam paif;ii. Mr. Kruger’s cable to his Pretoria relatives who inquired what was to be done with the ex-President's house, now it was no longer tenanted by the late Mrs. Kruger, was ‘Read Proverbs vii., verses 19-20”—"For the goodman is not at home, he has gone on a long journey. He hath taken a bag of money with him, and will come home at the day appointed.” Under Kruger rule every South African editor found the Bible an indispensable book of reference, most proclamations from Pretoria containing Biblical allusions. The latest cable sent by Mr. Kruger has now prompted a correspondent to a Leeuwarden (Holland) paper to enu merate a number of Scriptural mes sages exchanged by the Boer leaders just before the surrender of Conje. On February 25. 1900, Mr. Kruger tele graphed to General Christian De Wet (who was to rescue Cronje): “Notify Cronje that large reinforcements are on the road, and he will be released. Psalm xxii., 21,” which reads: “Save me from the lion's mouth, for Thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.” De Wet heliographed Cronje the same day at 12:20 p. m.: “President telegraphs. ‘Stand firm; large rein forcements are approaching. As soon as they arrive we shall attack at dawn on the north. Psalm lxiv., 7.” Cronje replied with Psalm xx., 7, also mentioning incidentally that his food supplies were getting short, to which the ingenious De Wet retorted: “Psalm lix., 15”—“Bet them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.” But Cronje grew impatient; De Wet’s promised convoy of food was long in coming, and he again hello graphed “Psalm xx., 7”—"Some trust in chariots and some in horses; but we will remember the name of the Lord our God.” No relief coming on the morning of the 26th, General Cronje heliographed: "The enemy has been enormously re inforced; I am hard pressed. Psalm Hi., i.” Most of the verses have been most aptly chosen, and in many cases con vey the meaning of the sender as per fectly as a long message sent over the wires in the usual way. NEW YORK BUTTERCUPS. A Club of Women Who Are I’lrd (?•-<! to Hay No Unkind Word. Of making women’s clubs there Is no end. New York has a new society. The members call themselves the But tercups. Why Buttercups, deponent sayeth not. but the aim of the society is a laudable one. no less a thing than the cultivation and dissemination of charity and good will. No member is to say an unkind word or to form a harsh Judgment. Every member Is to take whatever comes with cheerful serenity and make the b st of the situation. Each woman is pledged to spread abroad the club principles. If any one In the fold is heard to utter an expression unbefitting the sister hood her fellows are apt to say "But tercups." The magic word will bring the wandering one back to a sense of her responsibility. A member of the society tried the formula on a mere man the other day. He was talking before an audience of women that in cluded many Buttercups. He grew violent on the subject of Czolgosz and expressed an unchristian desire to make the a c sas in’s punishment a harsh one. Some of the women ap plauded. but one woman arose to the occasion. She was a Buttercup, and In the words of the statesman she “seen her duty and she dene it.” la c’arion tones she called out to the speaker: “Buttercups!” The man didn't un derstand. Perhaps it was natural that he shouldn’t intuitively grasp the meaning of the warning word. He looked puzzled and went on with his speech, but later he asked the signifi cance of the enigmatic comment. The Buttercups say he was deeply impressed by the explanation. He sighed to be a Buttercup himself, and Just to show that there was no hard feeling the society made h'm a mem ber. So one little word may alter the destiny of a man. —New York Sun. I.ord Morrl*' Counter-Tlirunt. The late Ix>rd Morris was unsparing in the counter thrust when he was as sailed. An English official, who filled the post of under-;ecrctary to the lord lieutenant, once was rude enough to remark, in a loud voice, at a Dublin dinner table, that it was a strange ar rangement, and one characteristic of Ireland, that he should have a much smaller salary than the chief justice— Morris was then chief justice—though his functions were so very much more important. Chief Justice Morris, amid the awed sLlence which ensued, said: “That is a thraln o’ thought that I am sure offen occurs to me tipstaff."— I»ndon letter. A Doubtful Compliment. She (ariayed for the theater)—Sorry to have kept you waiting so long, Mr. Spoonamore. but it has taken me longer than usual to g t ready. I look like a fright in this hat, too. He (de sirous of saying something complimen tary)—lt isn’t the—er—fault of the lovely hat, I am sure, Mica Hanklnson. —London Tit-Bitg. TAUGHT FOR 41 YEARS REMARKABLE RECORD OF AN EDU CATOR IN CHICAGO. As ru Instructor of Youth lie Proved Kniknently Surc-esaful - Many Owo Their Sucreu in I.ife to 111* Methods of Teaching. Dr. James R. Dewey of Chicago, who recently severed his connection with the educational interests of that city, has the unique experience of having spent 41 years of continuous work as an instructor. In 1860 he took the chair of Greek in the one High school then in Chicago and continued his ser vices uninterruptedly until the last week in September when failing eye sight compelled his retirement. During his long term he varied from time to time the brandies which he taught. When he first began he taught Greek and Latin and in after years this was changed for scientific branches. While engaged in the work of teaching hv studied medicine and about 12 years ago was graduated. He also lectured in the Chicago Homeopathic Medical School. When he became instructor in Chi cago’s first High school the number of pupils In that institution was 200. He lived to see that number swelled to 12,000. There are hundreds of men living in Chicago and other places who DR. JAMES E. DEWEY. . owe to Dr. Dewey’s careful training the successes that crowned their later careers. HAS HAULED 4.000,000 PEOPLE. The Record of John McC urdy, a West ern Knglnccr. John McCurdy of Jackson, Mich., who has just resumed his dally trips between Jackson and Michigan City, on the Michigan Central railroad, is 70 years of age and claims to be the oldest locomotive engineer in the country. For 53 years he has worked for the same company and he asserts that he has traveled more miles than any other man that ever pulled a lever in an engine cab. His run is 153 miles long and as he has made In the neigh borhood of 20,000 trips the total num ber of miles he has traveled by rail is in the vicinity of 3,000,000. He has hauled approximately 4,000,000 persons, has never had a serious accident and has never lost a cent to the company. “Few of the people who ride in comfortable coaches and palatial par lor cars and sleepers,” he says, "know what it is for an engineer to give them a safe ride and to keep them warm and comfortable, for the engin eer of these times must do all of such things. When I began I had nothing to do but start and stop the engine while on the rail. Now we must brake the whole train, heat it and In many Instances light it. Then there is the never relaxing lookout for safe ty. Sometimes I have had to run the whole length of my division through the heaviest fogs. The sno.: beating on the fire box will render the outside of it cold enough for you to lay your hand on it. I have known icicles to form on it, despite the fact that there was a raging fire inside. All of this tends to retard steam-making, and in these clays when we haul a string of 14 sleepers and keep them all warm we need every ounce of steam we can make.” lowa the Center of Intelligence. Westward the star of Journalism takes its way. Ten years ago Massa chusetts claimed the highest general intelligence of all the states, because within its borders were the gfeatest number of newspapers in proportion to the population. Now comes the United States census and shows a quite remarkable change in the last decade. The center of intelligence— on the newspaper basis —has moved beyond the Mississippi river. lowa now holds the place that Massachusetts held ten years ago and leads the states with the largest number of newspa pers in proportion to the number of inhabitants. The census gives 23,916 as the present number of printing es tablishments in the country, a gain of 7,916 since 1890.—Ex. Where the llojroft Wan Effective. The boycotting by the United Irish League of a grazier at Westport, coun ty Mayo, Ireland, led to a curious inci dent a few days ago. A steamship for Liverpool had just taken on board a flock of sheep belonging to the boy cotted grazier, when a large dealer objected to the sheep being put on board with his stock. He was sup ported by other dealers, who threat ened to unship their stock, and the captain accordingly put the sheep on shore again and they were driven back to the grazier’s farm. Pens of hardened gutta percha have been repeatedly tried in thiH country and England, but have not met with success. NEW PAGE IN HISTORY. Cud of the Line of Presidents Whc Lived in War Times. Mr. McKinley was probably the las’ of the Presidents whom the country will hare who served in the civil war. Theodore Roosevelt was only three years old in the early days of the war. True, he is younger than any other President whom the country has had. The chances are, however, that the chief magistrates hereafter will belong to a later generation of men than did those who controlled the nation’s des tinies from Lincoln’s day onward to those of McKinley. All this list of elected Presidents served in the army during the war except Mr. Cleveland. When Martin Van Buren was elected, two-thirds of a century ago, the coun try realized that a new epoch in the nation’s history had been reached. He was the first of the presidents who was born after the close of the war of inde pendence. All his predecessors, even Jackson, the man who was in office di rectly before him. had either partici pated in the war or were old enough to remember its passions and to be in fluenced. in some degree, at least, by the passions which it generated. Van Buren was born in the last month of 1872, just after the preliminary treaty was signed by which George 111. recog nized the Independence of his late col onies. In the present instance also a new land mark in the nation’s history has been reached. It is now over 36 years since veterans stacked arms for the last time. Forty years will have passed fiom that date by the time the next President is inaugurated. Not many men in the army at the clo. e of 1865 were below 22 or 23 years of age. Few of them who will be alive in 1905 will be under 65 years of age, and that mark is pretty close to the dead line in Presidential ambition. Only three Presidents have been as old as 65 at the time of their inauguration—Wil liam Henry Harris n, Taylor and Bu chanan —and the last named was the only one of them who lived through his term. The chances are that the country has s~en in the Presidential office the last of the m n who fought in the civil war. The present President belongs to a later generation, and it is like y that all of his successors will. A new page in the nation’s history has been turned. JIM CORBETT BROKE. I'urmcr Cliuinplon Hun Hqnandrred Two Fori unfit In IS Year*. James J. Corbett, at one time the cleverest man who ever drew on a boxing glove, is now without a dollar and if it were not for his wife, who has a little stored away, like all other fighters of note he would have to de pend on his friends for a livelihood. Corbett has made and squandered two fortunes, but claims he will start to make a third. Few men there are who spend sueh sums in order to be a "good fellow” such as “Gentleman Jim” has. Nevertheless Corbett says it pays to be a “good fellow.” During all his life he has made money and be lieves in spending It liberally with his friends. The former champion said the other day he would rather have the good fellowship of good fellows than all of the money of Rockefeller and Morgan. He believes in having a good time as he passes down the roadway. “When you make plenty of money,” said Corbett, "why not spend it with the good people, the Bohemians, your friends—the world in general? ‘Live and let live,’ the old motto, is my motto. Give ’em all a chance. Keep the stuff in circulation. It costs mon ey. you know, to be a ‘good fellow,’ You must have the chink at all times to keep up your end. and when you get in with a bunch that don’t happen to be quite as strong financially as yourself you must keep up their end, too. You are required at times to make sacrifices which you would gladly make to help out a chap in hard luck. "It may be that 1 am a little soft on this point, but I can truthfully say I never refused a deserving fellow a dollar and if the truth is to be told I must say that I have enough I O U’s in my desk at home to plaster the side of a farm barn; and these, too. in sums ranging from $1 to a thousand.” Home of tlie Oyater. Oysters are widely distributed throughout the worl *. Their chief hab itats are in the United States and in France, with scattering colonies in England, Holland and other places. But the whole number in other parts of the world is inconsiderable as com pared with that of the United States. Maryland alone produces twice as many oysters as all the rest of the world put together. Oysters and pov erty. Dickens says, go together, but It is not so in this country. Biltimore cans an immense number for both for eign and domestic consumption, the revenue from which Is enormous. The Indians of the coast, before the dis covery of America, used them in great quantities. Near the mouth of St John's river, Flori a. there is a forest clad mound of over 50 feet In height, extending over many acres of ground, consisting entirely of old oyster shells. The World'* Mali lliijj. Of the 12.000.0U0.000 letters annually distributed by the po-tofflees of the world. 8,000.000,000 are addressed in English. 1 .Uoii.oiai.noo in German and 1,000,000,000 in French. All the other languages have less than 2,000.000,000 between them. Champion Sneak Thief. Greenwood. lowa, reports the cham pion sneak thief. Two hours after be ing released from jail he broke into prison and stole his photograph from the rogues’ gallery.—Ex. The Stokes-fisk Tragedy. ”Ed” Stokes is dying—dying of old age, and perhaps regrets. In a few days, as days go, he will cross to that unknown to which he sent “Jim” Fisk thirty years ago. There will be left then of a trio only a woman—a bro ken-down woman, “Josie” Mansfield. Thirty years ago, "Josie” Mansfield triumphed over the honor, the busi ness affairs, the reputations and the eternal happiness of "Ed” Stokes and ‘ Jim’’ Fisk. She plunged the affairs of the Erie railroad and Jay Gould into a whirlpool of litigation, scandal and shame that ended in murder. . Fisk is dead. Gould is at rest. Stokes is dying. The Mansfield lives abroad—in Paris. From 1860 to 1867 she lived in Bos ton —in good society, she always claimed. In 1867 she secured a di- vorce from her husband, a man by the name of and went upon the stage. She could not act, but men could look at her and her tigress beauty. She appeared in New York, but did not succeed. She solicited an audience with "Jim” Fisk. She was penniless then and only possessed the A MEMORABLE CABINET. When the Confederate States gov ernment was organized. In February, 1861, Jefferson Davis named as his cabinet Robert Toombs, secretary of state; Charles G. Memmlnger. secre tary of the treasury; L. Pope Walker, secretary of war; S. R. Mallory, secre tary of the navy; John H. Reagan, postmaster general, and Judah P. Ben jamin, attorney general. Before the year ended, R. M. T. Hunter had suc ceeded Toombs as secretary of state, and Judah P. Benjamin succeeded Walker as secretary of war. In 1862 Benjamin became secretary of state. James A. Seddon secretary of war, and Thomas H. Watts became at torney general, to be succeeded in 1863 by George Davis. In 1864 George A. Trenholm succeeded Memmlnger us secretary of the treasury, and in Jan uary. 1865, General John C. Breckin ridge became secretary of war. Seddon resigning because of criticism by the Virginia legislature. All of these cabinet officers, except Reagan, are dead. Toombs died in 1885, Hunter in 1887, Memmlnger in 1888. Breckinridge in 1875. Of the cab inet officers with Mr. Davis from first to last, Mallory died in 1573, Benjamin in Paris in 1884, and Reagan, the sole survivor of them all, is reported by the daily press to be fighting his last fight against death, at the age of 83. Benjamin was the only one of the Davis cabinet who declined to accept, the situation after the war. He went abroad in 1865 and lived abroad until his death. Hunter acted with the Democratic party, and Ju3t before his death was appointed to a Federal of fice by President Cleveland. Reagan was the only member of the cabinet enptured with Mr. Davis, but soon after his capture he wrote an open letter to the people of Texas ad vocating laws which should grant ne groes civil rights and political rights with an educational qualification. This letter greutly excited the Democrats of Texas, but in 1874 they elected Mr. Reagan to congress, where he became conspicuous in interstate commerce legislation In 1887 he took his seat in the United States senate, and since that time has been one of the most clothes on her back, but her animal beauty remained with her. He built her a palace at 329 West Twenty-third street, and there he and his friends reveled night after night, and there in time came Edward S. Stokes. Stokes was of good birth and breeding, a Wall street clerk of hand some personality and features, whom Fisk took a fancy to one day and made his protege. Fisk thought that Stokes was about to betray him. He therefore forced down the stocks in which the latter was interested. Stokes was thus al most financially ruined. It was said at the time that the woman in the case told Stokes to kill Fisk. However tills may have been, Stokes left her house the afternoon of Jan. 6, 1872. He went to the Grand Cen- tral Hotel, where he stationed himself in the corridor of the parlor floor, carelessly walking up and down, and not appearing to be interested ir. any thing in particular. The main stair case was in front of him. Thus stationed he saw Fisk enter and start up the stairs. The latter pronounced nationalists in the South. All of Mr. Lincoln’s two cabinets are dead, so that Mr. Reagan Is the sole survivor of all the cabinet officers of the great war period. The distinguished Texan is a type of southern gentleman that is rapidly passing away. He was born 85 years ago in Tennessee, and drifted, when almost a boy, into this section of the country. In 1856 Texas sent him to Congress, and four years later he re signed his seat to become postmaster EX-SENATOR REAGAN. general and secretary of the trtasury in Mr. Davis’ cabinet. THE RICH MAN AND THE CHURCH. President Blanchard of Wheaton col lege. in an address delivered the other day at a meeting of the Congregation al ministers of Chicago, was unusually severe against the tenderness and con sideration with which some ministers treat their wealthy parishioners. All the sheep in the flock should be treat ed alike or if any distinction is to be made it should be in favor of the poor. The rich, having more of the root of evil in their hearts, are presumably more evil in their lives and should be urged as often as possible to obey the apostolic command by “going to” was seven steps up when he saw Stokes, his right arm resting on the standard at. the head of the stairs, a pistol in his hand. Without speaking Stokes fired twice. The first bullet took effect in the abdomen, the second in the left arm. Fisk fell to the floor. Stokes walked away, but was captured before he could leave the hotel. Fisk was carried upstairs, and Jay Gould and "Boss” Tweed came to his bedside. He died the next day, but “Josie’ Mansfield was not with him. Instead came his wife and his broth ers, and they remained with him to the end. Colonel “Jim" Fisk was buried with honors such as New York bestowed upon few men. Tweed blubbered and even Gould cried. Stokes remained in prison. He hired the best counsel Id EDWARD STOKES. the land and was tried three times* the last time being convicted of man slaughter in the third degree. Grover Cleveland pardoned him from prison in 1877 after he had served four years. Something of his fortune was left, and on that be has lived an earth pariah ever since. He is at the home of a sister, now dying. The Mansfield woman fled to Boston after Fisk’s death. From there she removed to Paris. In 1891 she mar ried Robert L. Reade. formerly of Min neapolis and New York. Since then she has lived in comparative obscur ity. She is wealthy—most of her mon ey came out of Fisk and Stokes. In order that they may ' weep and howl." Nor will nny harm ho done If they are reminded on Sunday morn ings thnt the Magnificat still contains the remark about the rich having been sent empty away. Mr. Blanchard's wishes In this mat ter are unexceptionable. They pro ceed upon the excellent principle that things temporal should be of minor Importance In a religious body where the object of endeaTor Is to be found in things eternal. But it wogd seem that before this principle, excellent as it is. could be put in operation, there would have to be certain changes ini the organization of a great man.r churches, especially in the larger cities. But what can be done about it as long as the congregation will not make up its mind to get along without the money for which it pays so heavy a price? Women In New York. The Women's Municipal League of New York is actively engaged in rais ing funds to further the interests of the fusion campaign against Tam many. They are distributing pam phlets showing how vice is being pro tected under Tammany rule and it Is for this purpose chiefly that they arc raising a campaign fund. Occupation In Norway. Sixty per cent of the population of Norway live by agriculture. 15 per cent by manufacturing and lumbering, 10 per cent by commerce and trade, 5 per cent by mining, and the remainder are in the professions and the army and navy and engaged in different employ ments. Professor W. D. Gibbs of the Ohio State University has been elected pro fessor of agriculture and director of the experiment station at the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Durham, N. H. A postal card sent from Paris to Paris via Moscow. Vladlvostock and San Francisco, made the trip around the world in eighty days, at a coat of * 2 cents.