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Our Part in Feeding the Nation
• Special Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture.) GET FULL BENEFIT FROM YOUR HOME GARDEN The Illustrations Show (B) a Suggested Plan of Arrangement for a Vegetable Storage Room in the Comer of a Basement; (A) Construction of an Air Duct for Ventilation; and (C) Cross Section of a Storage Pit Containing Irish Potatoes. FACILITIES FOR PROPER STORAGE Many Cellars Are Suitable, but Care Must Be Given to Light and Heat. AVOID FROST AND MOISTURE Attention Must Be Qivsn in Fall to Storing Surplus Vegstablas So That Qrocery Bills May Ba Ma terially Reduced. In the fell the wise home gardener, whether In city or country, plans and works for his garden next year, anu stores the surplus products of his sum mer Work. He plows hard or stiff clay soils, as the action of the frost during the winter will brcuk the soil Into line particles and render it suitable for pluntlng. He clears away the weeds und rubbish and gets ready for a** early start iu the spring. * Plowed ground dries out more quickly than unplowed and by plowing in the fall it is possible to get such crops as peas, beets and early potatoes planted much earlier than otherwise would he the case. If the gardener has planned his crop so that fall finds him with a large sur plus of storable vegetables, much of his attention will be given to placing them away, safe from moisture and heut, so that through the winter they will help to reduce grocery ,1)1118 and vary the diet without regard to market conditions or winter temperature. Home storage of vegetables, import ant at . times, is especially valuable if cauning or drying containers ure high In price. Furthermore, crops of suitable rforts that mature at a season when they can be preserved by storing should be kept in their natural con dition Instead of being canned or dried. Meets, late cabbage, carrots, celery, onions, parsnips, potatoes* sweet pota vtoes, salsify and turnips may be stored In their natural condition. Beans of various kinds. Including the limas, may be stored dry. Successful storage is not a> all difficult. In fact, good facill tles already exist in many homes, it being necessary only to make use of the cellar, the attic, a large closet, or * other parts of the dwelling, depending upon the character of the product to be stored. tiering In House Cellars. A cool, well-ventilated cellar offers good conditions for vegetable storage, but many cellars are not well salted because of poor Insulation or lack of ventilation. Cellars containing fur naces are usually too warm or too dry for storage of root crops. Often It Is IHMudble, however, to partition off a room, either In one comer or at one end of the cellar, where the tempera -1 ure may be controlled by means of outside windows. At least one win dow is necessary, and two or more are desirable for light and ventilation. Natural earth makes a better floor than concrete or brick, as a certain amount of moisture Is desirable. Walls of the storage room should be parallel to the walls of the cellar. Ventilation may be secured by opening windows, but an air duct, made of wood. metal or terracotta, and permitting coo! a!r to enter near the floor level, is desir ably. A piece of board with a hole ttictslse of the air pipe is fitted in the window In place of one of the panes of glass. Another pane of gtirss may b** removed from the sash and a small hinged door fitted in Its |?lace, which when open allows the heated air to es cape. In cold weatfier both the hinged door and the damper in the sir pipe must be closed. The windows In the storage room should be darkened In order to protect the vegetables from too much light. Barrels, crates, boxes or bins may be used as containers for the various vegetables, but movable containers are preferable to built-in bins, as It is pos sible to remove them for cleaning. Using Outside Cellars. Outdoor storage cellars or caves are particularly good for the storage of many vegetables. They are especially desirable on the farm, as they afford convenient and Inexpensive storage fa cilities for surplus vegetables that oth erwise might be lost. They possess all the advantages of the basement stor age room and are superior In many re spects. It Is possible to keep the cel lar cool and to reduce temperature quickly by opening the door during the night, and dosing it in the morning btfore the air becomes warm. Aa the root cellar most be proof against frost and moisture. Its types and construction vary with the geo graphical location. In the southern portion of this country the structure usually Is entirely above ground and protected by only a few Inches of sod und straw or leaves. In northern sec tions outdoor cellars are made almost entirely below ground and are covered with a foot or two of earth. Full directions for the construction of storage rooms and cellars and for the storage of vegetables are contained In Farmers' Bulletin 870, “Home Stor age of Vegetables,” which will be sent free on request to the U. S. Depart ment of Agriculture. HOME STORAGE IS BEST The storing of late vegetables Is an economy for those who grow them in sufficient quantity for the needs of the family. To care for the surplus vege tables nothing more, in many cases, is required than the use of facilities existing In or near the home. Often the late vegetables from a small garden can be stored with no expense. When considerable quantities | of vegetables are growq It Is < frequently advisable to construct J permanent storage facilities In ; the form of a storage room In ! the basement of the dwelllpg or J under an outbuilding or to bull'd ! an outdoor cellar of wood or ma- J sonry. < If permanent facilities are not | available late vegetables can be • kept in outdoor pits or banks, \ requiring no cash outlay except < for labor. J i Pastures Save Grain Feeds. From the results of many feeding trials with hogs ten pounds of gain for each bushel of corn fed, or one pound of gain for every 5.6 pounds of corn, Is all that should be expected from feeding corn alone In a dry lot. A mixture of one part tankage and nine parts corn gives much better results, usually producing one pound of gain for every 4.5 pounds of the mixture fed. TJje quantity of grain needed to pro duce a pound of gain la considerably lessened If the hogs have access to green forage. Corn fed to growing Khotea on rape should produce one pound of gain for every 3.67 pounds of grain fed. The addition of some highly concentrated feed, such as tank age, meat meal, shorts or linseed meal should reduce by one-half to three fourths of a pound the quantity of grain necessary to produce a pound of gain. THE ELK MOUNTAIN PILOT. What Can I Do? By CHARLES J. ROSEBAULT ot the Vigilantes Here are a few answers to this ques tion, which has been worrying the members of the home army ever since Uncle Sam decided to make a stand for human decency. They are answers dictated by Uncle Sam himself through his chosen agents in the various activi ties he has felt it necessary to take on for the period of the war. Sstudy them carefully, all you good soldiers over here. Commit to memory, each of you, those which fit your particular case and cherish them ns special gifts from the great god Opportunity. They will tell you how you can make good In your sphere. Even as the man “over there" is expected to be (and will be) alert for the opportunity to do his part with efficiency and dispatch, so you have the change to do yours. Prompt response to commands from headquarters by the soldiers of the home army are as Important as similar response by the boys in France. Uncle Sam’s Call: Wife, Mother, Sister — Let all your messages “over there” be of good cheer only; inen who worry can’t fight at their best. If the fortunes of war make a cripple of your loved oue, repress your emotions. Don’t ask him to come home and be cuddled —to your and his everlasting regret later on. Remember that he might have been killed. Determine that Ills remain ing years shall be useful and happy —Uncle Sam stands feady to make them so. He lias brought together all kinds of experts to train your boy so that he may return to civil life not a useless idler but prepared to rae?t any competition for the Job he Is best fitted to do. Huve you a baby? Then get In touch with the children’s bureau, de partment of labor. ’KJils arm of the government Is thinking of the future as well as the present. It wants to cut down the mortality among In fants, which is shockingly large. It has assembled a vast amount of val uable Information which It is anx' lons to impart to the mothers of the country. Ask for the circulars tell ing about the care of babies. Employer of Labor— Don’t compete with Uncle Snm. The Contortionist of Berlin By H. P. HOLT of The Vigilantes 1 1 Baron Von Worst lighted a largo - cigar with an expression of satlsfac t tion, stroked his paunch, now, alas, | somewhat thinner than of yore, and ( swung round in bis chair to the heap i of freshly deciphered messages that loy • on his desk —reports from trusty | agents In various enemy countries. His little pig-like eyes glinted with : Joy. Baron Von Wurst was the Hun arch press-agent, and he was Just about to compose the weekly summary of , “facts" to he scattered broadcast ’ among the press of Germany. There ! wus something In his nature which al ways made It a peculiar pleasure to perform this task, for It needed much Imagination, and imagination was at a low ebb in the Fatherland. More over. it had won for him the coveted 1 Iron cross. He took up the first type written slip, and read: American troops numbering 200.000 are sailing in the next three weeks. Their strength In France will surely reach two mil lion before winter. Countless more training. "Schmidt.” said the baron, to a red faced secretary In uniform. "Take this down.’’ Then he dictated : The nlarm In France Increases dally as the promised hordes from’ America fall to appear. . Half the Tankees opposed to us have al ready been wiped off the map. their casualties far exceeding ihe number of fresh arrivals. Deceiving Their People. Baron Von Wurst took the next slip. It.was from a most excellent spy In France. The master press-agent scowled as he read: Meat Is much more plentiful here. The populace are wildly # elated over recent allied victories. The troops all seem supremely confident of ultimate success. "Ready, Schmidt?" . The baron puckered his brows, and continued to v scowl for a moment. Then, with In spiration. came a grim smile. He dic tated : Once more history shows the pleasure-loving Parisians to he subsisting largely on rats and if fal. The shining sword of Ger many has brought them almost to • tnelr knee* through starvation. Mutinies In the French army are now a dally recurrence, for those soldiers know, In spite of the lies thrust upon them, that every where along the line German j might Is triumphant. The baron, who had lunched with . a friend off a substitute sausage, grim- j need as he read another message from j ■ America: [ J The 1013 harveat in the United I He needs all the workers he can get. Likewise all the materials which en tcy Into the service of war. Don’t advertise for a hundred tueu when you only require 80. At least 70 will waste their time answering your call, and time is no more to be wafted than materials these days. Get In toucii with the war Industries board or the United States employment-bu reau (branches everywhere) und find out Just what the government expects of you. Employee— Stick to your Job. Shifting at tills time dislocates industry, wastes time and money and doe A you harm in the long run. Only when Uncle Sain calls huve you the moral right to throw over the tusk in hand. Don’t sluck and don’t get extrava gant because you are earning more than formerly. Remember the man “over there." Uncle Sam can’t keep him supplied ns he should be with food, ammunition and equipment If you are not more economical than ever (see the appeal not to waste further on). The Allen— If you want this country to he the best ever—best governed and best to live In for yourself and your chil dren—become a citizen. Inform your self about our laws and our Ideals. Then you can exert an Intelligent In fluence toward improving conditions. Your vote will be as Important aud far-reaching ns that of the man or woman whose great-great-great grandfuther arrived in the May flower. Munufacturcr- Converi your business as speedily ns possible into one of the ninny in dustries needed for the war. There Is no limit to the demand for the abilities of I lie successful milker of things. It would he a crime to de vote these lo iioncssentials when the need is* so great in the one real Job of the whole Auiericun people. Everybody— Don’t waste —time, money, food or anything. Remember that every dol lar spent unnecessarily takes some body’s time, somebody's labor, some body's materials which tlncle Sain can use. It makes no difference how much money you have in your pock ets. It’s not the price that counts. Thefe Is Just so much of everything useful —food, cloth, leather ami met als. Just to mention u few Items — and Uncle Sum needs it all. Put your spare money Into Lib erty bonds and War Savings stamps. You will he helping the government to help the boys at the front —and you’ll he better off later on. States will exceed anything ever known. Ships are being launched with such amazing rapidity that there will soon he quite enough to carry grain across the Atlantic. The baron’s wry face flushed with anger. Was not he out? of the mnr.y who had ben deceived by Von Tlr plts? He puffed out his cheeks. Fortunate It Is Not True. /. mysterious grain disease (he dictated) has spread with lightning rapidity throughout the wheat growing areas of America, and In spite of assußinces to the con trary. w e know that the Tankees will not have enough grain for their own wants. American pr!s- K ons nre full of men 'hnd women who have dared to break the reg ulations which allow each person four ounces of bread a day. The ship builders, who became too weak to work on this allowance. 1 have been given one ounce extra. The new ships launched, hastily built for submarine fodder, are now nronounced hopelessly defec tive, and cannot be used. The real message fluttered from the table to the floor, and Schmidt stooped to pick It up. He had never been al lowed to see such things, and glanced af the slip curiously. “It Is verboten!” declared the baron. Hnateliing the paper. •‘Herr baron.” said Schmidt, “surely t‘%ese American swine must see now that we have complete mastery." Raron Von Wurst coughed. “Ah! If they all had as much sense as you,” he said, gazing at the crown prince-like skull of Schmidt. “But we Will teach them with our shining sword. Didn't some one once say, though, that the pen is mightier than the sword, Schmidt? I —l think there must he some truth In that. Yes. yes. Schmidt, get .busy. The newspapers of Germany nre waiting for my sum mary of the news." CALL FROM OVER THERE By JAMES W. WISE, of the Vigilantes. You've sent us here across the waves. To make the whole world free. To keep our nation’s honor bright. To fight for Liberty. We went and we were glad to go. To fight—perhaps to die— "To pay our debt to noble France. Democracy, our cry. We ask no praise uor honor. No riches and no fame. . Our hearts are In ths fight for trutfC But—back ua in the'game. You’ve sent us here to fight your fight. Though It be ours, toe. We’ll do our bit out at the front— The rest Is up to you. Hit Circumambulatory Endeavor. "Professor Pnte is somewhat absent minded. Isn’t he?" “Oh. yes. The other day I saw him attempting to enter n hank building by way of a revolving door. He was cogi tating over some weighty matter In his mind, and walked Into the door and around and through and out again where he had started, six times before discovering that he was not mak’nf any particular advancement in the way he wished to go."—Kansas City Star. WHAT CAN WE DO? The bureau of aircraft production of the war department has requested the Red Cross to give publicity to the vital need of walnut for use fn mak ing airplane propeller tfl&des and gun stocks. All chapters in central divis ion are requested to see that tills need Is inude known as widely as possible by posting this notice on their bulletin boards and including this Item in the Red Cross news printed in local news papers. Walnut has been found to t>e the best wood for propeller blades and gun stocks. Trees are found throughout the United States, usually in small groups, und the government wants in formation as to their location, to give the owners an opportunity to demon strate their patriotism in a practical way. A part only of the lumber from each tree can be used and the government cannot buy the |rees direct from the owners. The trees should be sold to a sawmill having a government con tract for lumber for propeller blades and gun stocks. If owners of trees dc not know of such mills, they may write to the Ordnance Department, Procurement Division, Small Arms Section, Washington, D. C„ giving num ber and location of the trees, and they will be notified how to dispose of them. Emphasize the fact that information in regard to a small number of trees Is most valuuble. The government “Conservation Tailleur” and Wool Sait In the light of experience the tail ored suit of wool cloth lias proven that there is nothing to equul It for giving general satisfaction. Some other fab rics muke suits as durable and us good looking hut they do not seem to fit in everywhere and against any sort of background as wool does. How ever, there may come n time when there will be no wool to spare, after the needs of the array are supplied, and we will be obliged to wear some thing else. Manufacturers are alreudy experimenting with other fibers and hove turned out a few new fabrics that look practical. The most noteworthy of these mate rials Is trlcotlne or trlcolet, woven of a heavy, silky fiber that is strong and sup ple. It tins the brilliance of silk and the strength of wool and is especially handsome in black and In dark tones of brown and blue. It Is used for gowns and suits. For the first, hand some fringes are wonderfully effective as a trimming, while braiding seems the best finish for suits. The suit at the right In the picture Is a “conservation tnlileur” of trico tlne ‘-With collar nnd tunic waistcoat of crepe. It earns Us patriotic title because it is not wool and compels en thusiastic praise because it Is hand some and cleverly designed. The col fer and waistcoat are braided and might be embroidered, for both these decorations find themselves against just the right background In tricotfne. The coat fastens across the walatdoat at the front with two diagonal straps that button at the left slde^ There are still plenty of wool suits to he hod—Just bow long the supply will last no one can tell. One of the heat of those shown for fall appears at the left of the picture. It Is taup# »>r/vMUluh with convertible collar and wants every tree available. Keep this item handy to give information to any one In your community w’ho may In quire of the Red Cross about disposing of walnut. Scarfs. Already there are indications that scarfs will be an accredited part of next winter’s salts —that Is, wide scarfs that are wrapped around the neck as a part of the suit. We hnd some of these scarfs last winter, sometimes coming from only one part of the coat collar and wrapping well around the throat. Sometimes, too, they were the ends of a skating cap that were wrapped, scarfliko, around the throat. In the new suits they are sometimes separate, but of the same material, and sold as a part of the frock. Sometimes they are fastened to the coat, under the collar. Frocks for Little Girls. For little girls, some of the prettiest new frocks are figured organdie and voile. The organdie ones are newer than those of voile. They are pret tiest wheu made with fichus and lit tle turned-back cuffs. Some of them have shirred pockets, edged with tiny rufilings or plaiting of white. Use Heavy Italian Lace. Many Jersey dresses are with heavy Italian lace. deep cuffs of Hudson seal. The coat is almost three-quarter length and dou ble breasted, with a wide belt that fastens at the left side. There are pockets at euch side camouflaged suc cessfully by n bit of drapery and guard ed by a company of small buttons set in n precise row before them. This Is something new in the management of pockets., Hatters’ Plush in Vogue. Hatters’ plush, always a becoming material. Is employed on some of the smartest models. I'unite and Lyons velvet are used, silk duvetyn as soft as baby fur Is uiude into hats and Into trimming for hats. And to further em phasise the general softness and flex ibility of the millinery of the coming season, heaver Is used very much la combination with other materials. It Is ased on hatters’ plush and on vel vet to form hands and brim tops Sod brim facings and even In the form of flowers. It is of such a new softness that it Is hnrdly recognisable. One of the new long side models In dark blue panne has a round sort of folded- In crown with a two-inch bond of heaver nnd a brim edge of bcavef) The only trimming on it is a very hand some tassel attached to a small round silk ornament placed at the right side swinging out on the long of iu« brim, hut not extending over it. Skirt of Navy Blue Satin. A smart separate skirt recently seen la of navy Sloe satin, having a wide girdle of the satin outlined with re<l worsted enkhraidafy stitches. This combination of color and material ta very smart and effective.