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THE ELK MOUNTAIN PILOT
VOLUME 43. Local and Personal F. J. Snyder came in from Denver Thursday. Mr. Kunze has been spending: sev eral days in town. Mrs. R. F. McKinley was a visitor in our city last Thursday. Mrs. Margaret Koketzke returned to Gunnison last Wednesday. Walter Buris was an outgoing passenger on Tuesday’s train. Mr. and Mrs. O. McCarroll left for their home at Florence, Monday. Mrs. Tim Dowling, of Denver, is visiting at the W. H. Whalen home. H. Gibbs and Chris Abel were Ir winites who spent Monday in town. Three miners came in from Lake City Saturday to work for A. P. Mc- Carver. Dr. E. M. Russell and G. V. Benson fished at the Horse ranch Saturday and Sunday. Several auto loads of our young folks attended the dance at Almont Friday night. J. J. Connerty, an old timer of Crested Butte, came in last week from Somerset. Mrs. Herman Voss and children of Smith Hill spent several days in town last week. Mr. and Mrs. A. P. McCarver came down from Pittsburg Saturday and remained until Sunday. Mrs. W, J. Doig, of Gunnison, has been visiting her daughter, Mrs. G. V. Benson the past week. Mrs. John Gibson is on the sick list this week and Mrs. Berry is do ing the cooking at the hotel. William L. Johnson, who had spent a tan day vacation in Denver, re turned home Wednesday last. J. H. Kinewater is the timekeeper for the D. ft R. G- while constructing \ the track to the Pershing mine. - L. C. Sharp came over from Mar shall Pass Tuesday evening, to take Mike Boyle’s place during his illness. John Mathleeon, of Walsenburg, is camped at the Joe Ball place on Taylor river. He was in town Tues day. n Ralph and Will Neeeham have been doing assessment work on Ed. Ed wards' mining claims in Dark Canon the past week. Judge Frank Hall of San Francisco, came in from Denver last Thursday with Mr. Frank Bulkeley, remining until Friday evening. Joe Voss went to Trinidad this week. The Frank Baker and Paul Nordstrom families will occupy his house during his absence. Mrs. Laurence Snyder and children of Smith Hill, spent several days in town the past week so the youngsters could enjoy the merry-go-round. Mrs. Hogan and daughter. Miss Julia, Mrs. Mike Quinn and Mrs. Thomas Quinn motored up from Gunnison Sunday to spend the day. Keith Warner came down from the Endner mill Friday evening and went i on to Gunnison, taking Harry End ner down. Keith returned Monday. After having spent a pleasant vaca tion here with relatives and friends. Miss Kathrine (DoUie) Clerk, re turned to her home near Trinidad, Monday. Miss Paulmyra Mexza and Miss An toinette Perry were arrivals from Denver last Wednesday They will spend their vacation here as guests of Mr. and Mrs. Mike Welch. B. F. Bennett, an old timer of Created Butte who has spent the last few years at the National SoldiePs Home in Sawtell. California, arrived in Crested Butte Tuesday for a visit. Mrs. Youngberg. who came here a week ago from Alexandria, la., went over to Glenwood Springs Tuesday f to spend a few weeks. She will then return and spend the winter in this place. )A crowd composed of the W. H. Whalen family, the Clam Heiefrick family, S. E. Byrd, Mrs. S. C. Mosher and Mrs. George Schaefer went over to the Horae ranch Sunday Ashing and pieniclng- A Weekly Newspaper of Interest to the Elk Mountain Region The Ladies. Aid met in the Church parlors last Thursday aftemon with Mrs. John Moberly and Mrs. William Nash as hostesses. A pleasant after noon was spent after which delight ful refreshments were served. Mr. and Mrs. Paul Nordstrom came up from Gunnison Tuesday and will occupy the J. P. Voss house. Mr. Nordstrom will have charge of the switch engine here, Mr. Foxgruber taking the Montrose and Ouray run. The Misses Anna, Dana and Kath rine Arbanas left last Wednesday for Chicago where they expect to make their future home. Other members of the family will follow soon. The Misses Laura Beitler and Annie Yoklavitch with George Beitler and Anton Ziller attended the dance at Joe David’s ranch near Gunnison Friday night. State Immigration Head Visits Gun nison County Edward D. Foster, Commissioner of the State Board of Immigration, and editor of the Weld County News, published at Greeley, spent Tuesday evening and a part of Wednesday in Gunnison, investigating the homestead situation in the county and discuss ing with Gunnison people the ways in which his department can be of ser vice to the county. His trip will in clude the entire western slope district and is largely for the purpose of fa miliarizing himself with the opportu nities which this district has to offer. We are using every effort to induce the immigration of none but respon sible people, he said to the Empire. “We consider a man who comes to the state without money and with no experience more of a liability than an asset and never encourage him to come unless we have reason te be lieve that he has the stuff in him to enable him to make good. The immi gration department is using every effort to put its operations on the soundest basis, so that its work may be of lasting benefit to the state. With this in view we are securing first hand information of every dis trict, so that we may be in a better position to advise prospective set tlers to their own advantage." With the close of the war a great tide of immigration is setting in to ward the west, and In Mr. Foster's opinion the next few years will see tremendous advances In the develop ment of the now undeveloped re sources of Colorado. After visiting with Gunnison people he left for Du rango and other southwestern points. AGREEMENT UPON WAGES FOR HAY HANDS Hie committee of the Gunnison County Stock Growers' Association agreed on the following scale of wages to be paid harvest hands dur ing haying, 1919: Men teamsters will receive $3.00 per day; stackers will receive $4.00 per day. Boys who can handle a team will be paid according to their ability. A boy who leads the stacker horse, will receive SI.OO per day. Board and lodging are included with these wages. 'file hay crop is a good normal crop and we need men. Committee: OTIS MOORE; L. H. ROUVIERE, HARRY N. DE YARMAN, C. A. PARTCH, RALPH R. ALLEN, L. H. EASTERLY. Fine Arts Department Concert The program given last Friday night by the Fine Arts Department of the Normal School at the Commu nity Church was an exceptionally fine one. Miss Edwyl Redding opened the program with three numbers on the pipe organ, which were beautifully rendered. Each number on the pro gram was met with hearty applause. People were especially well pleased with Miss Vivian Tripp, who ap peared for the first time in Gunnison, and with Miss Edna Schmitt, the new teacher in Dramatics. Mr. Damson was welcomed on the stage by every one. The program was in every way a great success. The proceeds were given over to the Students' Lx>an Fund and amounted to $86.00. Slats’ Diary—Tuesday—Ma had had baked sum good cherry pies ft so I cum up frum the cellar A sed Ma wot wood you say if I et one of yure pies A she sed You just try it A see wot I wood do. I edged toords the do re A remarked Weil I et 1. Then I left her 2 her own thots. If In want of anything try an ndlnt CRESTED BUTTE, COLORADO. THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1919. 34 YEARS AGO Copied from the Files of the Elk Mt. Pilot. Then Printed in Irwin From Nov. 15, ’85 to Dec. 31, ’85. Silver is quoted in New York at $1.02 per ounce. G. H. Judd, of Gothic, has gone on a visit to Irving, Kansas. Charley Defehaugh is to be married New Year’s day to Miss Mary Gibbons. Bob Corey has been fixing up for winter and will push work on his property. Sandy Fraser has been appointed by Grover to fill the position of P. M. at Irwin. John B. Perry is building a house on second street between Elk and Sopris avenues. Frank Betts and Mrs. Moliett will be married this evening at eight o’clock, Dec. 24, 1885. This evening at 6 o’clock Miss May Badham and Mr. Frank Samsel were united in marriage at the residence of Dr. J. H. Phelps. Joe Hurlow has gone on a visit to his old home in Mt. Carmel, Pa. Joe has got a amart little girl back there and could not stay away any longer. The Anthracite Coal Mine shipped this year, 1885, 29,080 tons of coal as against 17,550 tons last year, being an increase for this year of 11,530 tons. Last Tuesday afternoon Mr. Wra. Bainbridge and Miss Mollie Heitrick were united in the holy bonds of wed lock by Rev. J. H. Kyle in the town of Irwin. During the year of 1885 there has been 2,560 tons of precious mineral shipped from Crested Butte, as against 1,040 tons last year, being an increase of 1,520 tons. The C. C. &. L Company shipped from Crested Butte 45,690 tons of bitumin ous coal this year, (1885) as against 30,220 tons last year, being an in crease of 15,470 tons over last year. The wedding of Miss Annie M. English and Mr. J. Walton Day, took place at Concord Church, Cooper Co., Mol, last evening. The lady is a sis ter of our well-known fellow citizen, W. H. English. Cal Chappei is faying the founda tion of a new residence on Maroon avenue just above the bridge. If re ports are true he is also laying the foundation for something much more important than a residence. Jake Goodwin, who passed through town today for the east, brings the intelligence that Geo. Sorrel was caught in a snow slide. NOTE—Mr. Goodwin and Mr. Sor rel are residents of Crested Butte to day and are still fof lowing mining as in 1885. Beecher Baney was brought down to Crested Butte on Wednesday. He has been very sick for several weeks. There was shipped from Crested Butte duning the year 1885 precious mineral to the value of $300,490 as against $1 $3,600 last year, being an increase this year of $166300. Death ef Naaey Watkias The death of Nan Watkins came as a complete surprise to everyone. Al though it was known that she had been taken to the hospital no one be lieved that she was so seriously ill. Nancy Watkins, daughter of W. S. and Louisa Watkins, was bom in Custer County, Colo-, near the town of Rosita, June 13, 1877. The family came to the western Slope in 1906, and in December, 1911 they moved to Gunnison. Her father died in 1917 at the age of 87, but her mother, who is very poorly in health and is now 85, is still living. A brother, Luther, who was working for the railroad company, was badly hurt last winter when he fell in an ash pit. He was taken to the hospital where both his foot and hand had to be amputated. Nannie was a patient sufferer, hav ing been ailing more or less for a number of years. On Tuesday the 22d, she was forced to undergo an operation for appendicitis. On Mon day, the 31st she passed away. Her brother Henry, reached her bedside just before she lost consciousness. She is survived by her mother, three brothers, Henry and Luther, who residehere, John, who lives in Norwood, Colo., and one sister, Mrs. H. L. Robinson, of Cedaredge. Miss Watkins was honored and re spected by all who knew her, and the surviving relatives have the sincere sympathy of the entire community. You can get tags for shipping fish at the Pilot Office. THIS COUNTY WAS A WHALE IN '80 J. E. Phillips Tells of the Organiza tion of Western Colorado Mr. Editor:—When the Ute Indian Reservation was declared open for settlement, that gave Gunnison coun ty all of the territory north of San Miguel, Ouray, Hinsdale and Saguache counties and west of Chaffee and Eagle counties, clear to the Utah line. Most of this territory was unorgan ized, unexplored and without white settlers with the exception of the Tomichi river valley, which with East river and Ohio creek forms the Gun nison river just west of the town of Gunnison. Note— In the old days the Gunni son river was held to start at the junction with the Tomichi below the present Dos Rios ranch. Later it was officially established at the con- j fluence of East and Taylor rivers at Almont, The Denver & Rio Grande Railroad had started to build west over Mar shall Pass.-io the fall of 1880 from a theXArkansas river, that they named South Arkansas, after wards the name was changed to Sali da. The road was built past Pone ha Springs to a place ou Silver creek, afterwards called Mears station, where camp quarters were established for the winter of ’BO-’Bl. The summer of ’Bl saw the road coming on the Tomichi side of Marshall Pass, on by Gunnison and into the Black Canon of the Gunnison river for the winter of ’Bl-’B2. When it came time to canvass the county by the candidates on the state and county tickets in the fall of 'B2, these railroad camps and settlers were strung all along, clear to where Grand Junction is now located and the politicians, candidates and speak ers had to make all that long trip in horse vehicles, and many were the amusing incidents of those trips. Of course most of the railroad workers were not legmH voters but doubtless they voted all the same. The building of the road brought much money into the country, and the usual number of whiskey tents, gambling and women resorts, so that when any trouble did break out as it often did. it made it expensive for Gunnison county to serve papers and go after prisoners. Silver Creek in the winter of 'BO-*Bl was a notorious place. I read in the dispatches a few days ago that James W. Buckdin had died in San Jose, California, at the age of 63, and that he was one of the found ers of Grand Junction. Mr. Bucklin was a lawyer in Gunnison, coming there in 1881 and in the fall of 1882 he was elected to the legislature. In the session of 1883 he introduced the bill that created Montrose, Delta and Mesa counties, cutting off all of that territory that now embraces those counties from Gunnison county. After the legislature adjourned Mr. Bucklin went to Grand Junction to live, but at no time was he one of the found ers of the town, any more than any honored pioneer citisen and attorney doing his part to build up the town, and I think he served one more term in the legislature and was talked of for Governor on the socialist ticket. Hoiw George A. Crawford, ex-Gov ernor of Kansas, and the founder of the town of Fort Scott, Kansas, was the organizer and locator of the town site of Grand Junction, associated with M. L. (Roe) Allison and some friends from Pennsylvania. Roe Al lison died in Klamath Falls, Oregon, about two years ago. Governor Crawford came out from Kansas to Gunnison in 1881. He outfitted and started for the junction of the Grand and Gunnison rivers, knowing that the railroad would pass that way. Standing on the bluffs overlooking the confluence of these two streams that drain all western Colorado he pointed his finger and said “What a Grand Junction.” He then proceeded to acquire the land by location and otherwise, on which the tosmslta of Grand Junction is lo cated. The Grand Valley had been only sparsely settled by a few locat ors of homesteads made up princi pally of miners from the Gunnison country who knew but little about farming and made locations with a view to selling out the first opportu nity. Governor Crawford returned to Gunnison in the early fall of 1881, and urgently insisted the writer should go to Grand Junction and start a paper for him. I declined to go, as the mining country around Irwin was booming and I bad no notion to pioneer in that then far off desert region, where orfiy a few adobe and log houses made up the town. I vis ited the town in 1883 after the rail road had arrived, and received a royal welcome from Gov. Crawford, who placed a team and driver at my dis posal that I might see all of the vali’ey. To repay the compliment I wrote an article of some three or four columns for t\*e Denver Tribune treating of the soil, climate and ad vantages for the settler. The Tri bune at that timei, I think was man aged by Fred Skiff and edited by O. H. Rothacker and Eugene Field. Gov ernor Crawford took 1,000 copies of the paper and sent me a deed to a town lot. The consideration written in the deed was SSO. but I was told at the time it would not sell at any price as it was so far out, however, I kept it by paying taxes for 12 or 15 years, when it sold for SI,OOO. The Governor found two young men by the name of Edwin Price and Darwin P. Kingsley to start his paper which was called the Grand Junction News. In the Republican State Convention of 1886, when the slate was being made for candidates for the diffefent offices, after getting pretty well down the list, it was discovered that the Western Slope had no representation on the ticket. That part of the state had always been called the Western Slope. A. M. Stevenson suggested that they put on the ticket Mr. D. P. Kingsley for State Auditor, that he seemed to be a clean cut aggres sive editor of the Grand Junction paper. Meeting the approval of the convention he was nominated and elected. The State Auditor in Colo rado is also the Insurance Commis sioner for the state. Heretofore the big insurance companies had been doing about as they pleased, not pay ing s£ate license tax, but when Kings ley got in office he pursued a more business like policy, and made them toe the mark. The result was that at the end of his term of two years he was offered a position with the New York Life Insurance Company, without his seeking, and was sent to the Boston office. In the course of time he was transferred to the New York General office, and soon got to be one of the vice presidents. At the death of the President, John A. McCall, some ten years ago, the Com pany had no other choice than to make Darwin P. Kingsley President, and there he is to this day .drawing down possibly a $50,000 yearly salary, more or less, I suppose, as he is at the head of the largest life insurance company in the world. He always said he made his maiden political speech at Crested Butte. If he did I must have introduced him to the audience, as I lived there at the time and usu ally acted as wet nurse on all such occasions. Governor Crawford died about 30 years ago leaving the town company and his estate in an embarrassing condition. About 20 years ago the writer purchased the remnants of the town company that the estate might be settled. It consisted of ten or twelve hundred lots, the Brunswick Hotel and other odd bits of reel es tate. The price paid was about $60,- 000 and it took nearly all of that amount to pay the debts of the com pany, leaving but little for the estate. J. R. McKinnis and V. Z. Reed, of Colorado Springs, were associated with me in the purchase. Mr. Mc- Kinnis now resides in Los Angeles and Mr. Reed died while on a visit to San Diego, Calif., about three months ago, worth over $14,000,000. He did not make it all, however, out of the Grand Junction town company, as he increased his fortune out of the re cent discoveiy of oil in Wyoming. Governor Crawford, always a frail man physically, had a grand Intellect in a business and political way, num bering among his friends some of the foremost men of the country of his day. Such men as Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, and John W. Forney, of the Philadelphia Press, of the war period, were among his especial friends. The senatorial candidates for the Gunnison district for 1882 were A. M. Stevenson on the republican ticket and James K. Robison, superintendent of the C. C. ft I. Company, of Crested Butte, on the democratic ticket. There was a contest over the election which was not sottled until the latter part of the session, by giving the seat to Mr. Stevenson. Pitkin county, where Aspen is lo cated was also a part of Gunnison county at one time, and for some reason after the county was formed it was for a time in the Gunnison legislative district. Rio Blanco and Garfield counties ware also formed from the Ute Indian Reservation ter ritory. Much of the trade of the Aspen NUMBER 33. j country came to Crested Butte in 1882 after the railroad reached there, I as it was the nearest point especially ( to Ashcroft, which was a lively camp • some 12 miles from Aspen. Great j herds of burros of 100 to 200 would I load merchandise of every descrip tion in Crested Butte for Aspen and bring back sacks of ore from Senator Tabor’s mines at Ashcroft. I. W. Hallett had a big pack train. He afterwards was superintendent of the Silver Lake mine near Silverton and also was elected to the State Senate. A man named John Traynor ailso had a jack train. He afterwards had his eyes blown out by a blast in a mine at Ashcroft, and I used to see him as a blind man about the state led by a boy. Yours, J. E. PHILLIPS. STOCKMEN MEET AT SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH A recent meeting of stockmen at Salt Lake City to try to get together on some plan for control of the graz ing on the public domain, called for delegates from the thirteen public land states of New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, Oregon, Montana, Washington, North and South Dakota. Washington and the Dakotas were not represented. A resolution was passed to the ef fect that to obtain the best use of the forage growing upon the unoccu pied unappropriated public domain some form of control should be es tablished for the grazing thereon and placed under the supervision of the Agricultural Department. The dele gates from Utah and New Mexico favored the lands being turned over to the states. A part of the delega tion from Wyoming desired that the lands be given to returned soldiers, but as the question at issue was only one of control of grazing and not the final disposition of the lands, the res olution was passed almost unanimous ly, Wyoming alone opposing it. The Secretary of Hon. David F. Houston, said that turning the lands over to the states was out of the question, and in his judgment. Congress would never do it. Many government officials present seemed to think it an opportune time to get such legislation passed and were op tomistic as to this proposed measure. During the discussion of the ques tion one thing was shown very clear ly that the drouth in the states of Utah, Idaho. Montana, Nevada and Wyoming is very disastrous. Never in the history of these states, since their settlement, has there been such drouth. No kind of forage for winter feed has been raised and the ranges are barren. Much thin stock, both cattle and sheep, will be shipped to market to get the most out of them they can. Hay, in some sections, can not be obtained at any price. In other sections, rather than pay such ex cessive prices for hay, many of the stockmen prefer to ship to market, the high-priced hav. There will be claiming they can make more of a saving by shipping than by buying very little fat stock come from any of these five states, and it looks as if fat stuff will be a good price. There will be a large quantity of thin feeder cattle on the market. Minnesota has an unusually heavy crop of all kinds of feed. Nebraska and Kansas have the prospect for a bountiful yield of all their crops. These states may relieve the situa tion to some extent as the railroad administration has granted a full fare rate to where feed can be obtained and the stock returned free of freight chargee. An organization was perfected with one object in view, viz: to get the grazing on the public domain placed under some form offederal control. T. W. GRAY, Delegate from the Gunnison County Stock Growers’ Association. UNCONQUERED Out of the night that covers me. Black as the Pit from pole to pole, I thank whatever gods may be For my unconquerable soul. In the fell clutch of circumstance I have not winced nor cried aloud. Under the bludgeonings of chance My head is bloody, but unbowed. Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the horror of the shade, And yet the menace of the years Finds, and shall find, me unafraid. It matters not how strait the gate, How charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul.