ROADS and TREES
I WORLD WAR (
/ 1917 - 1918 \
AUGUST deY BREEN *Ol \
CAPTAIN U.S.A.MR.C j
L AMERICAN FORESTRY ASSOCIATION/
By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN.
•EXT to well-equipped and thoroughly up-to
date railways, transportation means good
•olid wagon roads. Even In normal times the
economic value of such roads Is well night
Incalculable, but In a period of armed con-
diet victory or defeat may depend upon the condition
Of the common highways. All this Ik well known.
And yet, tlu) inch fur-seeing men have for some years
boon urging the K>>od roads movement upon the people
nod oome proffres* has been achieved, our highways
In gonoral still remain among the worst In the world.
—Albert J. Beveridge.
J think that I shall never see
A poem as lovely as a tree—
A tree whose hungry mouth Is prest
Against the world's sweet flowing breast:
A tree that looks at God all day
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may In summer wear
A nest of robins In her hair;
Poems are made by fools like me.
But only God can make a tree.
If you want to build a road, let the people plant
memorial trees along that road and your project Is a
Thus come closer to the Great Tree-Maker. Plant
memorial trees in honor of the men who gave their
lives to their country—ln honor of the men who offered
Xheir lives.—Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark.
Roads anil trees for remembrance!
Victory highways In honor of America’s fight
ing men In the great war!
Roadaldi planting of trees In memory of their
It is a truism that the economic and moral
liber of any community Is shown by the condition
of lls highways. Give the community the right
kind of roads, schools, churches, factories and
banks and the other signs of advancement will
goon he In evidence.
Memorial roods! What more fitting monument
cun we build In honor of our heroes? Permanent
roads dedicated to them I How can a community
better commemorate their achievements?
And all these memorial roads planned and hnllt
as ports of a great system of victory highways—
victory highways that food may move from farm
to city and manufactures hack to the farm! that
the way of the children to the schoolhouse may he
ernde easy; that the defense of America against
armed force may he certain.
Victory highways that not only serve the na
tion's needs hilt delight the people's eye—vic
tory highways beautified by roadside planting of
American trees and shrubs and flowers. No walls
and gates and arches with their suggestion of
aomethlng closed and set apart, but memorial
trees and groves rfnd little parks and wayside
camps for the American traveler and food trees
for the birds.
To Abraham Lincoln have probably more me
morials been erected than to any other man.
Which of nil these memorials Is most Impressive
~most fitting? Consider now the Lincoln high
way as It !s and as It Is soon to be.
The Lincoln highway Is an object lesson of
what Is and what Is to he In a memorial road.
Mora than 3,000 miles In length. It runs east and
west through the heart of America, with giant
north and south feeder highways. Joining the At
lantic and the Pacific. It traverses 11 states,
fifteen millions have been expended on It In the
lAat five years. Already there are nearly 400
afrit of concrete nnd brick and paving and more
fhan 1.000 miles of macadam. It Is In operation
from end to end. It carries an endless procession
Of Americans In their own automobiles. The
year round It Is dotted with freight trucks.
At thle very moment the federal government
baa under way on the Lincoln way across the
continent en exhibition train. It started from
WtAlnfton, and from Gettysburg. Pa., life route
|a over the Lincoln way to Pittsburgh, Camden
T wkA Bucyrus, O.; Fort Wayne, Ind.; Chicago
Batebts. 111.; Clinton. Cedar Rapids and Marshall
town. In.: Omaha. Neb.; Cheyenne. Wyo.; Salt
I4fce City. Utah; Carson City nnd By, Nev
flnally dropping down the Sierra Nevada to Sac
ramento. Cal., and then to San Francisco.
This train consists of 00 motor-vehicles of the
tyi*»s employed by the motor transport corps In
the conduct of the winding of the war. In addition,
accompanying this train are several other
branches of the United States army service. In
cluding representatives of the engineer corps,
with antiaircraft defense trucks and searchlights,
and certain specially detailed observers who will
make an Intensive study nnd report to the war
department on road conditions.
The trip Is being made for both military nnd
educational purposes. Including: An extended
performance test of the several standardised
types of motorised army equipment used for
transportation of troops nnd cargo and for other
special military purposes; the war department’s
contribution to good roads movement; demonstra
tion of the practicability of long-distance motor
post and commercial transportation and the need
for Judicious expenditure of federal governmental
appropriations In providing the necessary high
So much for the Lincoln highway as a means
of transportation —a transcontinental road link
ing the United States by states. Consider How
the Lincoln way ns a beauty spot—nnd n me
morial. not only to the Great Emancipator, hut to
the heroes who followed his example and won
the freedom of the world In the great war.
The roadside planting of the Lincoln way Is In
charge of the General Federation of Women’s
Clubs. This organization has a membership of
2,f>00.000 members. It has a state federation in
every stnte in the Union. Mary K. Sherman,
chairman of the conservation department of the
general federation, has secured a comprehensive
planting plan for the way. Tills plan has been
worked out by Jens Jensen, a noted landscape
engineer of Chicago. In general It provides for
the planting of trees, shrubs nnd flowers Indige
nous to the locality. For example, blue prints
have been made for the planting of the way
through the 180 miles of Illinois. These prints
give all necessary details —kinds of trees, shrubs
and flowers for each locality: suggestions for
grouping each. The clubs of the several states
through which the way passes will see to It that
the plnnting Is done. Many clubs In other states
will plant memorial miles on the way nnd In
addition carry out the same plan In application
to Lincoln way feeders In their own states.
Features of this roadside planting of the Lin
coln way by the general federation are memorial
trees in honor of Individual heroes; groves, foun
tains, camping places along the road; fruit nnd
nut trees for the birds and a bird sanctuary from
ocean to ocean.
|Tor ten years America has been spending from
s°oo, 000.000 to $300,000,000 a year for highway
construction nnd maintenance —without national
. n without relation to the broad needs of the
country as a whole and with little co-ordination
of effort between states. After spending over
$2 000,000.000 In a decade, we are, broadly speak
ing. as * ar frora a P r °P er connecting system of
radiating highways In the United States as ever.
The latest government figures show a total
highway mileage In the United States of 2,457,-
334 and of thla total, even after the tremendous
expenditure* noted, hut 12 per cent, or some 296.-
000 miles, have received any attention whatever
and these Improvements are scattered In 48 states,
in a loose and utterly Ineffective way, over va
rious sections of our entire 2,500,000 mllse.
ram sue aommua wlot.
Now the time for national action has arrived.
Thus the time Is ripe for roads and trees for
remembrance. The United States Is going to ex
pend $500,000,000 In the next few years on a na
tional highway system of Interstate arterial
routes. It only remains to be seen what agency
of the federal government Is to have charge of
the construction. If the department of agricul
ture and the state highway commissions do the
work* the government and the states will share
the expense, half and half. If a highway com
mission Is established by congress to have
charge of the work the share of the states will he
apportioned In order that states like Nevada,
Wyoming nnd Arizona shall net be too heavily
As to the feature of memorial trees, this Is also
the chosen time. Public sentiment turns toward
the idea. Events all over the country forecast a
general memorial plnnting.
The American Forestry association, of which
Charles Lnthrop Pack Is president, has issued a
call for memorial tree planting. It Is registering
nil memorial trees nnd giving certificates of reg
istration ; also Instructions for planting.
Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark has called upon the
Christian Endeavor societies to plant memorial
Georgetown university remembered its war
heroes at Its one hundred and thirtieth com
mencement by planting 54 memorial trees In
honor of Its heroic dead. To each tree was af
fixed a bronze marker, of which a sample Is given
herewith. To the next of kin goes a duplicate of
“My boys made a wonderful reputation for this
country on the battlefields of France," says Dan
iel Carter Beard. "I say my boys because I be
lieve that there were boy scouts In every Ameri
can division that participated In the war. The
hoy scouts’ slognn is, ‘Once a scout always a
scout.’ A plan that we are taking up Is the
planting of trees ns memorials for our heroes.
This Is being done In some parts of Long Island
and should he done in all sections. After the
tree has been planted n small tablet should be
placed on It bearing the name of the man who
mndc the supreme sacrifice, nnd when and where
and how he wns killed and his branch of the
Many victory highways to be planted with me
morial trees are under wny throughout the coun
The National Defense highway, between
Blandensburg and Annapolis, Is Maryland's con
tribution, New York is planning a Roosevelt
Memorial highway from Montauk Point to Buf
falo. In Ohio Col. Webb C. Hays has offered to
give memorial tablets on memorial highways In
Sandusky county, and William G. Sharpe, former
ambassador to France, will do the same for Lo
The poem by Joyce Kilmer, who gave his life
for his country In France, Is most touching. What
Is more fitting than a tree for a memorial? We
may attain the most magnificent effects In stone
and bronze. Compare them with a permanent
road —enduring as the Applan way, built 22 cen
turies ago—and shaded by the Maryland tulip
poplar or the Engelmann spruce or any other of
our magnificent American trees. The glimpse of
an Estes Park road In the Rocky Mountain Na
tional park shows nature's way of beautifying a
highway. Consider how the trees on guard add
the crowning touch to the Washington monu
STORIES of AMERICAN CITIES
Primary English as She Is Spoke at Hull House
CHICAGO. —If America is the melting pot, Chicago is where the mixture
bubbles fastest, and Hull House Is right in the middle of the boiling. The
teacher in one of the classes in primary English t&ld her polyglot pupils to
write a play, promising a prise for
the best. This one was turned in,
“GEORGE WASHINGTON AND THI
Act 1, Scene I—A Tent at Valley
Enter two colonial officers:
First Colonial Officer—We ain’t
got no flag for the Revolution.
Second Colonial Officer—Gee, ain’t
Act 2, Scene I—George Washington’s Tent
First Colonial Officer (to George Washington)—George we ain’t got no
flag for the Revolution.
George Washington—Gee, ain’t that fierce!
Act 3, Scene I—Heme of Betsy Ross.
George Washington (entering)—“Betsy, we ain’t got no flag for the Revo
Betsy Ross —Gee, ain’t that fierce! Well, George, you hold the baby and
I’ll make you one.
Act 3, Bcene 2—George Washington’s Tent
George Washington (entering)—We got a flag for the Revolution.
First Colonial Officer —Ain’t that grand!
Second Colonial Officer—You bet. |
One guess as to which play got the prize.
Anyway, if the play isn’t primary English, what is it?
How Heaven Protected This One Poor Working Girl
LOUISVILLE, KY. —She made only $7 a week, and she was wondering how
she was going to spend the two weeks’ vacation which her employer had
offered her. She reasoned rightly that she couldn’t take a very extended
guages. But worse was to come. They took away her lunch basket and
dumped all her lunch out on the sidewalk. There were two perfectly good
sandwiches; an onion, fresh and Juicy; u big red apple and a few' leaves of let
tuce. still pretty fresh. Naturally she felt like crying, and the tears were just
coming when —
One of the number Jumped upon n suitcase and spoke to the multitude of
red fezzes while the others locked hands and danced about her. She wus so
bewildered she forgot all about crying.
The mnn who Jumped upon the suitcase auctioned off her lunch. The
apple brought $57.40. The onion smelled no stronger than any other onion,
but It brought $35.50. When her lunch hnd been distributed among the bidders
the auctioneer had collected exactly $250. He handed. It to the frightened
little “w’orklng girl,” with the ease and grace of a prince.
She w'as ten minutes late to work because of the Interruption, but she
“should worry;” she wus $250 to the good, and there was a little something
which made her heart beat faster. f
Cheer Up, Girlsl The Prince of Wales Can Foxtrot
BERKELEY, GAL. —Is the prince of Wales a good dancer? One University
of California girl knows first hand that he is. Anyway, she says he Is.
At a ball at the Casino In Coblenz the royal arm encircled her waist In a
dreamy waltz, and on this experience
Is based her affirmative answer.
The girl Is Miss Elizabeth Witter.
University of California sorority and
Blerra club member and well known
In Town and Gown circles In the
Miss Witter has Just returned
from a year and a half service with
the American Red Cross In the can
teen wmrk organized by Mrs. Willlum
With the array of occupation at
Coblenz, where she passed the months since the armistice was signed, several
dances were given by the Americans. At two of these Miss Witter danced
with Gen. John G. Pershing, and at the last, a ball given to Generul Mitchell,
she had her first dance with royalty.
“I should say the prince Is a good dancer,” said Miss Witter. “They
dance Just the same ’over there’ as here. They are strong for Jazzy music,
and their one-steps are not a bit more stately than ours."
Miss Witter went over with Miss Mildred Johnston and Mrs. Elizuheth
Gray Potter, u sister of Prentiss Gray, head of the relief for Belgium. They
left March G, 1918, and were stationed at Dijon in canteen work feeding troops
and convoy trains. Later they were moved up near Bar-le-Duc, in the Meuse
sector, and saw strenuous service, often within range of the big German guns.
The prince of Wales will be over here before long and other charming
American girls w'lll also have a chance to know first bund whether he Is —
Philadelphia Boasting “Youngest Grandparents”
PHILADELPHIA. —“Meet the right girl early, and. If you’re lucky enough
to win her queenly favor, marry her,” is the bit of advice that comes
from Frank Miller, 1728 West Passyunk avenue, the mnn who Is, at the age
To his wife, therefore, belongs the
distinction of being one of the youngest grandmothers. In the city, and maybe
In the state, and maybe in the nation.
Mr. Miller Is the father of four children and is probably a little happier
than the average father, because this young daughter of his child, Mrs. Mary
Donovan, 1500 Emily street, makes him a proud grandfather. His other chil
dren are two boys and a girl—Johnny, aged thirteen; Emily, aged eight, and
elghteen-month-old Charlie, who has a bad habit of stealing and hiding
visitors’ straw hats.
“Certainly marrying young is practical,” said Miller. “The whole thing is
In meeting the right one; then you’re all right.”
This family of great-greats, great, grand and plain parents and chlldreri
begins with Mrs. Helen Higgins, elghty-nlne years old. Her daughter. Mm
Helen Miller, is sixty-one. Her son, Frank Miller, is thirty-five. His daughter*
Marie Donovan, 1a sixteen, and her child, Helen, twenty days.
trip. But she didn’t know that Yaarnb
Temple of Shrlners was passing
through Louisville from Atlanta to
As she passed a hotel on her way
to work she was stopped by a man
dressed In the garb of a fiction char
acter which she hud often seen on ad
vertisements for cigarettes. He
stopped her. She was frightened.
And then a lot more men looking
like “cigarette signs’' gathered about
her and sang songs in funny Inn-
of thirty-five, probably the youngest
granddad In the country. The twenty
day old daughter of Miller’s daughter
has been christened Helen.
“There can be but few grandfa
thers and grandmothers younger than
my wife and I are,” said Mr. Miller. “I
married Mary Shields when she was
only seventeen and I was Just turning
eighteen, and I dare say that there's
not a happier man living today. Of
course I’m in favor of marrying early.”
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