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FROM THE CITIES Here’s a Real Seadog—-Sir Peter, Naval Mascot DENVER.— Every ship and station in the United States nary has Its mascot. Sir Peter, a handsome black and white Scotch collie of endless pedigree, owned by Lieut Com. R. B. Hammes, Is serving at the present In this capacity He rises promptly when the ship’s captain or an admiral enters the room, but he absolutely Ignores ensigns, junior lieutenants and other lesser folk. The canine baronet has led an active and varied life, has broken two legs, has been blown 50 feet from a navigation bridge to the deck without injury, has been run over by a "flivver” whose owner narrowly escaped lynching at the hands of Incensed sailors, has saved his masters life, and has performed splendid service as lookout on board ship and as spy-hunter ashore during the war. During the war Sir Peter served on vessels of all types and was con sidered a splendid sailor till he went aboard a tiny mine sweeper, the U. S. S. Dahlgren. The Dahlgren had a roll all its own, and a saddened Peter Joined the other rtokles at the rail* Only once has he been known to lose his nerve. During a terrific storm, while he was on the U. S. S. Virginia, he was attacked by a steel safe and a perambulating piano. With a yell of fright at these unholy phenomena, ho hid his head under a blanket. Sir Peter knows all the bugle calls aboard ship. But how ho hated the general alarm for battle stations! He knew the firing signals and each would cause him to tremble until the detonation of the broadside. At "cease firing" he was a different being, glad to be alive. Clack of tiie Wooden Shoes Astonishes Chicago CHICAGO.— State street in this town is what you might call sophisticated. It hardly ever even blinks an eye at Dame Fashion’s humoresque. But State street, Chicago, was agape when Miss Marie Dalton went clumping along In her wooden shoes. Wooden shoes are plentiful In West Pullman, which used to be the "Holland settlement,” but they are new to the loop. "They’ll never be the style,” said a woman In a striped sport suit. Bald Miss Dalton, opening her curvy mouth, "They are in style. Who wquid be silly enough to pay S2O a pair for shoes when these only cost $1.25 r Prices of leather shoes soon are expected to tax the purse of Mr. and Mrs. Buyer even further. The shoe convention held recently In Chicago dis played boots and shoes that are expected to retail at SBS a pair next winter. New York manufacturers prophesy they will be S2O a pair before next season. With all the other little luxuries of life, like butter and brooms, soaring sky-rocket high, the shoe purchaser has a problem to face. The answer Is the pair of smoked wooden shoes on the double "A” fleet of Miss Ifarle Dalton. "There’s more than that to bo said In their favor,” dimpled tho wearer. | "You don’t have to shine ’em—Just whittle ’em a little^ "And you don't bave to buy lasts to keep them In shape. "And they don’t get wet when you play golf at sunrise. "And they don’t run over at the heel.” And thereupon Miss Marie Dalton went clumping along down the street the observed of all observers. Y. M. C. A. Girl Dances 1,271 Miles With 7,003 Yanks EVANBTON, ILL.—The champion Y. M. C. A. girl dancer of the City of Churches has returned. She Is Miss Margaret Torrlson, 1635 Hlnman avenue. She is the daughter of Judge Oscar'Torrlson of the circuit court. She is a Smith college graduate, class teen service In France. She kept tab of the number of soldiers she danced with and the distance she traveled while dancing. "I spent s year among the outposts of the American army In France and danced with the doughboys from Le Mans to Coblenz,” says Miss Torrlson. "Our boys, for the most part, refused to learn the French dances, but in a few minutes would instruct the French girls how to execute the American dances. Then the French girls wonld like the American dances better than their own— far better. "I have danced with 7,003 men, for a total of 1,271 miles. I still have two good dancing feet, too. Also a collection of hundreds of programs, fraternity pins and trinkets. "We danced In monasteries, barns, castles and in the streets. And the American doughboy is the most enthusiastic dancer in the world—believe me! We had a fine time, but I’ll say I’m glad to be back.” Matrimonial Adventure of an Arkansas Traveler HOT SPRINGS, ARK.—This city Is taking on airs over the wedding of Lieut. Raymond Lee Hlles In Scotland. His matrimonial adventures show the sort of enterprising young man Hot Springs sent to France. It appears that Hlles eloped with a Gloucester girl. They arrived in Edinburgh only to find that residence of 21 days In Scotland was necessary before the ceremony could be performed. The lieutenant and his fiancee were naturally considerably perplexed, not knowing any one In Edinburgh. Then Lieutenant Hlles conceived the brilliant idea of bribing two hotel por ters to swear they had been living in Scotland 21 days, and the first mar- riage was performed. The lieutenant , and Mrs. Hlles prepared to return to America, and even got as far as a steamer, but in the meantime the trivial matter of bribery had been discovered and stern officers of the law arrested Hlles and his wife on the boat and dragged him back to Edinburgh, where he was sentenced to a month's imprisonment. The marriage was declared null and void. But the friends of the two got busy, and even the smug tory London paper, the Globe, printed s stinging leadter declaring that the action of the Edinburgh authorities was Insulting and a blot on the fair page of Anglo-American relations. Mr. Secretary for Scotland consented to a proper legal marriage ceremony being performed. • • After the wedding the terrifying governor of the prison appeared to announce that the said Mr. Secretary had ordered Lieutenant Hlles released. at the Denver navy recruiting station. Long years of experience, service, on 11 ships and at various stations, travel by sea equivalent to a entire around the world and of 12,000 miles by land has given him a sagacity which the i Denver bluejackets declare cannot be equaled anywhere. Sir Peter takes unto himself the rank of his master. Adored by aH enlisted men, be accepts their homage as s matter of course, permitting them to be friendly but not overfamiliar. of 1014. That’s the winning combina tion —Evanston girl and “college learnt”—how can you beat It? Anyway, Miss Torrlson was one of s group of 16 girls who volunteered for overseas canteen service and left i under the care of Miss Sarah Gibson * of Boston. In the eyes of her fellow townsmen she Is entitled to the dis tinction of being the long-distance dancing champion among the Y. M. C. A. girls who volunteered for can- in ni MOPMTAnr mot. WANTED: The DUNES NATIONAL PARK by JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN PHc*gra|*s & FRANCES LA FOLLETTE Y Natural > Wonderland in Indiana on Lake Michigan Should Be . Saved for the \ People / ANTED: The Dunes National park in the sand dunes of indiana on the shore of Lake Michigan be tween Gary and Michigan City! The middle West has visited the playgrounds of the people in the scenic West—the national parks of the Rockies, Sierras and Cascades. It hus found them good. It has fullen In love with the national park Idea. Now It is asking: "Why not a na tional park right here, instead of half way across the continent?” For t ■■ j there I. not a acenlc national park worthy at tho name between Hocky Mountain :n Colorado and Lafatyette on the coast of Maine. So Indiana, Illinois and Michigan want a na tional park, and'they have picked out the duues as the right place for it. . ~_K How they are going to bring about lta establish ment 4s a big question. The proposed park area Is all under private ownership and Is held at spe<> ulatlve prices on the chance of a second u ry being built at the head of Lake Michigan. Even at actual values it would cost about $2,500,000 to buy the 13,000 acrea most desirable for park pur poses. The acenlc parka of the West were takefi from the national forests and the public domain by congress. To date there Is no precedent for the appropriation by congress of funds to purchase a national park area. Lafayette was presented to the government for national park purposes by the owners of the property. Congress has no national park policy. It dilly dallies with national parks as It does with most other things. It is now generous with appropria tions and again niggardly; for instance, it gave Yellowstone $334,000 und Yosemlte $255,000 in 1910 and kept Rocky Mountain, with twice as many visitors as both parks, down to SIO,OOO. Politics enters largely into all national park legis lation. In the Sixty-fourth congress the interior department supported the bill to enlarge Yellow stone and the bill to add to Sequoia and change Its name to Roosevelt. The agricultural depart ment. because the proposed additions would be taken from national forests, and therefore from its control, opposed both bills, beating the former in the senate and the latter in the house. So there is no telling what congress will or will not do in the matter of national park legislation. Can congress be induced to appropriate money for the purchase of private holdings lor national park purposes? This question has been put squarely up to con gress by two bills introduced at* this session. One calls for the appropriation of a million dollars or so for the purchase of Mammoth cave, Kentucky, and Its environs for a national park. The other provides for the establishment of the Mississippi Valley National park on both sides of the Missis sippi in southwestern Wisconsin and northeastern lowu. Here the two states own the land under the river, the federal government controls its navigation, pnrt of the proposed area Is a Wiscon sin state park, some of the lund will be donated and the land to be purchased by the government hns been appraised at a very moderate price. Can congress condemn private holdings for na tional park purposes? Nobody seems to know. Most lawyers would say off-hand that the state of Indianu can con demn the dunes for state park purposes. And presumably the state of Indiana could transfer the land to the federal government. The national park service has been looking into the question of con demnation. It is advised that the government can condemn private holdings inside of national park boundaries —in fact, a bill is pending to condemn 160 acres In General Grant National park which the owner will not sell for a reasonable price. As to the condemnation of patented land outside of a national park the natioual park service is yet undecided. Condemnation of the dunes has been advocated by private individuals and by the press.. The creation of Lafayette National park has established this precedent: The federal govern ment will accept suitable land presented to it for national park purposes. So, while other questions are being thrashed out, the Indiana. Illinois and Michigan federations of the General Federation of Women’s Clubs are engaged In a campaign to raise sufficient money by subscription to purchase the dunes and present them to the government for s national park. There is no question that the Indiana dunes are worthy of national park honors. October 30, 1916, a public hearing was held In Chicago by the In terior department In pursuance of a senate resolu tion. In September, 1917, a printed report by Director Stephen T. Mather of the national park service was issued. This report eliminated from consideration all of the dune country except a strip along the shore of Lake Michigan about a mile deep between Miller’s in Lake county and Michigan City. After describing the dunes with considerable enthusiasm. Director Mather says: "Assuming, without further description of actual conditions in this dune country, that the sand dunes of Indiana are equal to those In any other section of the country; that they are the most ac cessible dunes; that they possess extremely inter esting flora and fauna; that they offer unparalleled opportunities to observe the action of the wind and its Influence on the sand and plant life; that the Lake Michigan beuch is beuutiful and offers bathing facilities for n multitude; that the recrea tional uses of the region are myriad, should they, or a large section of them, be preserved for present and future generations? If they should be pre served, ure they worthy of Inclusion in a national park? And if they are worthy of consideration as a possible national park, would it be practicable to establish them as such a park for the benefit and enjoyment of the people?” He answers the first two questions emphatically In the nftlrmntive. He says this region should be preserved to the people for all time und that it is worthy of national park honors. As to the third question, he thinks It oue of legislative policy to be determined by congress, inasmuch as the dunes are not public lands, nnd private lands have never been purchased for national park purposes. He thinks the park should contain from 9,000 to 13,000 acres, extending 15 or 20 miles along the lake. He finds that options secured by speculators vary between $350 and SOOO an acre, with one tract of 2,300 acres held at SI,OOO an acre. “Manifestly." says Mr Mather, “none of these lands are actually worth $350 an acre at this time. A figure less than S2OO an acre probably represents the actual value of the average tract of land not under the influence of urban values, due to prox imity to cities. Practically all of the larger hold ings must be purchased in their entirety. I believe that 9.000 to 13,000 acres of dune lands can prob ably be secured for park purposes for approximate ly S2OO an acre. The purchase price of a park of the size suggested would therefore be between $1,800,000 and $2,600,000." The proposed Dune National park Is really a wonderful place. In the first place* the dunes are an uninhabited wilderness. The fact that there Is an uninhabited wilderness within u few miles of the center of population—in 1910 at Bloomington, In ,l— n nd at the very doors of Chicago, the second dty of the nation and the fourth city of the world, is in itself u marvel. Incidentally, the dunes are within a few hours by rail and automobile of 20,- nnti,o(H> people. This makes them unique as a pub lic playground. Again: The dunes are a different world from the monotonous flatness of the Chicago plain. They are a country of hills and bluffs, gullies nnd valleys. There are all sorts of Interesting varia tions: Little lakes, streams, bogs, meadows. The bluffs above the beach are Imposing. The bench itself Is a wonder— broad, smooth, clean, free from rocks and stones and quicksands, sloping very gradually Into deep water. There is probably no finer freshwater bathing beach In the world. Don’t think of the dunes as heaps of bare sand In a desert. They are exactly the reverse. They have water, trees, shrubs, vines, flowers, grass, birds and small wild animal life. The truth Is that the dunes are a great natural propagating garden with a most astonishing array of trees and plants and flowers. This garden Is packed full of flora from the Lake Superior region, the Atlantic coast, the middle South and the western prairie. It seems to have almost everything In the plant line from cactus to cranberries and from pines to tulip trees. A list of only the most characteristic and Important plant species numbers 208. ’ To the ordinary visitor probably the spectacle of the “walking dunes” Is the most Interesting. Here he sees land In the mAklng. Here today la a towering dune crowned with flowers and plants and trees; tomorrow It is gone and where It was la a great blow-out of glistening sand, with Its steep sides strewn with dead trunks exhumed from an ancient graveyard of a previous forest. Today there Is a deep gash in the bluff; tomorrow Its place Is taken by a very lofty heap of white sand that has come up. grain by grain, out of the luke, on which grasses and plants nnd shrubs and treelets ure already struggling for a foothold. To day stands a forest on the edge of a shallow pond; tomorrow it is a cemetery, with even the tree tops covered by sand marching in from the beach. The accompanying map nnd diagram shows where the material that builds the dunes Is com ing from and how it gets there. Lake Michigan has been taking material from the west shore and depositing It nt the dunes for a period reckoned at about 5,000 years. Previous to this period the level of the lake was 50 or 60 feet higher than now and the discharge was toward the Mississippi at a point near where now are the dunes. When the ice-gorge or glncer which prevented the discharge of water into the St. Lawrence was removed and the lake drained Into the Atlantic Instead of the gulf, the level dropped, the present lake currents set in and the building of the dunes was begun. Public land surveys made In 1835 and soundings of Lake Michigan furnish the data for these estimates: During the last 5,000 years the waters of the lake have washed away about 500 square miles of land from the shore extending from the Indianu state line northward into Wisconsin. Where this land was is now water from 30 to 00 feet deep. The old shore line extends out from three to nine miles; then there is an abrupt drop of several hundred feet. This Is an unparalleled erosion; It Is accounted for by the softness of the shore, which is largely composed of material that was ground very fine by the glaciers that deposited it. It is estimated that 7,000,000 tons of soil is taken**yearly by the lake from the shore north of Chicago. So there is plenty of material for building operations at the dunes. These facts suggest this interesting question: What will happen to the dunes when the supply of building material stops? And stop it will, and that comparatively soon. For the shore north of Chicago will in a few years be pretty solidly settled by people who have money to spend to prevent further erosion of the shore. In fact, erosion has already been stopped over long stretches, and In many places the shore has beert built out. The time is coming when the west shore will be protected from eroslqn by piers and breakwaters. The supply of building material for the dunes will presumably stop. Perhaps then the dunes will stop “walking.” Let us hope that long before that time the Dunes National park will be a people’s playground, dedicated to public recreation forever.